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MAHASAMUDRA JILE ME LAKSHIT SARVJANIK VITARAN PRANALI KE KARYO KA MULYANKAN

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(1)

Copyright © 2017, Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies

egkleqUn ftys esa yf{kr lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh ds dk;ksZ dk ewY;kadu

fot; dqekj dkS'ky1 & jkts'k vxzoky2, Ph. D.

1'kks/kkFkhZ, ia- jfo'kadj 'kqDy fo'ofo|ky;] jk;iqj ¼N-x-½ lgk- çk/;kid] lqjkuk] egk- nqxZ ¼N-x-½

2

foHkkxk/;{k, xq:dqy efgyk egkfo|ky;] jk;iqj ¼N-x-½

çLrqr v/;;u iw.kZr% f}rh;d leadks ij vk/kkfjr gS NÙkhlx<+ jkT; ds egkleqUn ftys esa yf{kr lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh ds dk;ksZ dk ewY;kadu dj ;g tkuus dk ç;kl fd;k x;k fd c<+rh eagxkbZ ls xjhc o detksj oxZ dks jkgr nsus esa lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh fdruk lkFkZd fl) gks jgh gSA orZeku ljdkj }kjk Hkw[kejh o xjhch nwj djus ds fy, fd;s x;s ç;kl okLro esa ,d vueksy ç;kl gSA bls u dsoy egkleqan ftyk cfYd iwjk jkT; Hkw[kejh 'kwU; jkT; cu x;k gSA

çLrkouk &

lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh dk eq[; y{; xjhcks dh lgk;rk djuk gSA vukt mRiknu esa vf/kd gksus ds ckotwn ns'k esa xjhcks dks nks oDr dk Hkkstu Hkh ugha fey jgk gSA bldk çeq[k dkj.k ;g gS fd Hkkjr esa vkt yk[kks yksx xjhc o csjkstxkj gSA veweu ;gh fLFkfr NÙkhlx<+ jkT; dk Hkh jgh gSA NÙkhlx<+ dh yxHkx 40 çfr'kr tula[;k xjhch js[kk ds uhps thou ;kiu dj jgh gSA c<+rh gqbZ eagxkbZ ls detksj oxZ dks jkgr rFkk çkd`frd foinkvks ij dkcw ikus ds mn~ns'; ls Hkkjr ljdkj us ,d çHkko'kkyh forj.k ç.kkyh dh vko';drk eglwl dhA

miHkksDrkvks dks [kk|kUu lkexzh] 'kDdj] feêh rsy vkfn oLrq,W mfpr ewY; ij miyC/k djkus ds mn~ns'; ls mfpr ewY; nqdkuks ds ek/;e ls 1 twu 1997 ls yf{kr lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh çkjEHk dh xbZA

lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh ds vUrZxr mfpr ewY; nqdkuks dk vkacVu] jk'ku lkexzh dk

le; c) mBko ,oa miyC/krk cuk;s j[kus ds fy, csgrj fuxjkuh ds mn~ns'; ls yxHkx 1 o"kZ rd dsUnz rFkk jkT; ljdkjks ds e/; [khprku ds i'pkr~ NÙkhlx<+ ljdkj us 23 fnlEcj 2004 ls iwjs] çns'k esa lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh ¼fu;a=.k½ vkns'k 2004 ykxw fd;k lkFk gh ;kstuk dks çkjEHk Hkh fd;k x;kA jkT; dh bl ;kstuk ds dkj.k jkT; orZeku esa Hkw[kejh 'kwU; jkT; cu x;k gSA Hkw[k ls eqfDr fnykus ds fy, jkT; ljdkj dk ;g ç;kl okLro esa vueksy ç;kl gSA

v/;;u dk mn~ns'; %

1- egkleqUn ftys esa lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh dh fLFkfr dk v/;;u djukA

2- lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh egkleqUn ftys ds yksxks ds thou Lrj dks lq/kkjus esa fdruk

lkFkZd gS v/;;u djukA

3- ftys esa lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh ds çHkko dk v/;;u djukA

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Copyright © 2017, Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies

'kks/k ifjdYiuk &

'kks/kkFkhZ v/;;u ds ek/;e ls egkleqUn ftys esa lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh ds dk;ksZ dk ewY;kadu esa ifjdYiuk fuEu gksxhA

1- ftys esa lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh ds vUrZxr vkcaVu o forj.k O;oLFkk lgh gSA 2- fgrxzkgh;ksa dk p;u çfØ;k mfpr ugha gSA

3- lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh esa jk'kudkMZ dh O;oLFkk Bhd ugha gSA

v/;;u {ks= o vof/k &

v/;;u dk {ks= NÙkhlx<+ ds egkleqan ftys dks fy;k x;k gS rFkk foÙkh; o"kZ 2013&14 ls 2016&17 rd dh vof/k dks 'kks/k gsrq p;fur fd;k x;k gSA

'kks/k çfof/k & çLrqr v/;;u iw.kZ :i ls f}rh;d laedks ij vk/kkfjr gS NÙkhlx<+ jkT; ds egkleqUn ftys ds lHkh fodkl [k.Mks dks bdkbZ ekuk x;k gSA

lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh ¼ihMh,l½

jkT; }kjk lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh dh mfpr ewY; nqdkuks ds ek/;e ls vf/kdkj iqfLrdk ¼jk'kudkMZ½ /kkfj;ks dks [kk|kUu] puk] 'kDdj ve`r ued] dsjksflu ¼feêh rsy½ vkfn vko';d oLrq,W U;wure fu/kkZfjr njks ij miyC/k djk;k tkrk gSA çns'k ds lHkh xjhc vkSj vlgk; t:jreanks dks ik=rk ds vuqlkj [kk|kUu çnku djus gsrq N-x- [kkn~; lqj{kk v/kfu;e 2012 ¼Øekad 5 lu~ 2013½ fnukWd 18 tuojh 2013 ls çHkko'khy fd;k x;k gSA

lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh ds vUrZxr 'kgjh ,oa xzkeh.k nksuks gh vapy dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, mfpr ewY; nqdkuks dk fØ;kUo;u fd;k x;k gS ftlds ek/;e ls miHkksDrk dks çfrekg fu;fer :i ls [kk|kUu] 'kDdj] feêh rsy ,oa ve`r ued miyC/kk djk;k tkrk gSA

N-x- [kkn~; lqj{kk vf/kfu;e 2013 ykxw fd;k x;k ftles ifjokjks dks 3 Jsf.k;ks esa oxhZd`r fd;k x;k %

1- vaR;ksn; ifjokj 2- çkFkfedrk okys ifjokj 3- lkekU; ifjokj

vUR;ksn; ifjokj dh Js.kh esa mu ifjokjks dks lfEefyr djus dk çkWo/kku gS tks ;k rks orZeku esa vUu ;kstuk ds fgrxzkgh rFkk fo'ks"k detksj lkekftd lewgks tSls ifjokj dh eqf[k;k fo/kok gks ;k ,dkdh efgyk ;k eqf[k;k ykbZykt chekjh ls xzflr vFkok fu%'kDr gks vFkok ftldh vk;q 60 o"kZ ;k vf/kd gks ftls vthfodk gsrq lekt ls dksbZ lgk;rk çkIr ugha gS vFkok foHkqDr ca/kok etnwj] dks bl Js.kh esa j[kk x;k gSA

çkFkfedrk okys ifjokj esa eq[;ea=h [kk|kUu lgk;rk ;kstuk vUrZxr~ ik=rk/kkjh lHkh jk'kudkMZ/kkjh ifjokjks dks j[kk x;k gSA blds vfrfjDr Hkwfeghu etnwj lhekar ,oa y?kq d`"kd o etnwj vf/kfu;e 1996 ds vUrZxr iathd`r Jfedks ds ifjokj dks lfEefyr fd;k x;k gSA

(3)

Copyright © 2017, Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies

egkleqUn ftys esa lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh %

egkleqUn ftys esa o"kZ 2011 ds tux.kuk ds vuqlkj dqy tula[;k 1032754 gSA ftys esa 25 tuojh 2017 dh fLFkfr esa 577 mfpr ewY; dh nqdkus lapkfyr gS ftles ls 481 nqdkus lgdkjh lfefr] 90 nqdkus xzke iapk;r] 6 nqdkus efgyk Lo&lgk;rk lewg }kjk lapkfyr dh tk jgh gSA

ftys esa o"kZ 2016&17 ds fy, dqy 285976 vf/kdkj iqfLrdk ¼jk'ku dkMZ½ tkjh fd;s x;s gSA ftles vuqlwfpr oxZ dks 43255] vuqlwfpr tutkfr oxZ 81076] vU; fiNM+k oxZ dks 154135 rFkk lkekU; oxZ dks 7510 jk'kudkMZ tkjh fd;s x;s gSA

rkfydk Øekad & 1 ftys esa lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh ds vUrZxr~ pkoy ds vkacVu&forj.k dh tkudkjh

¼ek=k fDoaVy esa½

o"kZ pkoy çfr'kr ¼pkoy½

vkcaVu forj.k

2013&14 1201807-19 1153034-90 95-97

2014&15 1106703-89 1016533-37 91-85

2015&16 1080905-80 1037480-50 95-98

2016&17 966482-01 909878-60 94-14

lzksr%& N-x- 'kklu&[kkn~;] ukxfjd vkiwfrZ ,oa miHkksDrk laj{k.k foHkkx ¼okf"kZd ç'kkldh; çfrosnu½A

fp= Øekad&1

rkfydk Øekad ,d ls Li"V gksrk gS fd foÙkh; o"kZ 2013&14 ,oa 2014&15 esa forj.k Øe'k% 95-94 rFkk 91-85 çfr'kr jgkA

foÙkh; o"kZ 2015&16 esa dqy 1037480-50 fDoaVy pkoy dk forj.k fd;k x;k tcfd foÙkh; o"kZ 2016&17 esa ;g forj.k de gksdj 94-14 çfr'kr gh jgkA

0 500000 1000000 1500000

2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

pkoy

(4)

Copyright © 2017, Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies

rkfydk Øekad & 2 ftys esa lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh ds vUrZxr~ xsgwa ds vkacVu&forj.k dh tkudkjh

¼ek=k fDoaVy esa½

o"kZ xsgwa çfr'kr ¼xsgwa ½

vkcaVu forj.k

2013&14 181681-57 173814-76 95-67

2014&15 99867-35 94195-88 94-67

2015&16 24670-41 21794-20 88-34

2016&17 20063-76 18365-18 91-53

lzksr%& N-x- 'kklu&[kkn~;] ukxfjd vkiwfrZ ,oa miHkksDrk laj{k.k foHkkx ¼okf"kZd ç'kkldh; çfrosnu½A

fp= Øekad&2

rkfydk Øekad 2 ls Li"V gS fd xsgWw ds forj.k dk lcls vf/kd 95-67 çfr'kr o"kZ 2013&14 esa jgk tcfd lcls de 88-34 çfr'kr foÙkh; o"kZ 2015&16 esa jgkA

rkfydk Øekad & 3 ftys esa lokZf/kd forj.k ç.kkyh ds vUrZxr~ 'kDdj ,oa ve`r ued ¼vk;ksMhu;qDr½ ds vkacVu&forj.k dh tkudkjh ¼ek=k fDoaVy esa½

o"kZ 'kDdj ve`r@vk;ksMhu;qDr ued

vkacVu forj.k çfr'kr vkcaVu forj.k çfr'kr

2013&14 32472-49 30648-67 94-38 57472-29 54669-36 95-12

2014&15 31768-10 30572-03 96-23 56158-64 53479-73 95-23

2015&16 32282-70 31813-47 98-55 49981-40 20447-86 40-91

2016&17 35941-01 32792-09 91-23 36943-13 32869-91 88-97

lzksr%& N-x- 'kklu&[kkn~;] ukxfjd vkiwfrZ ,oa miHkksDrk laj{k.k foHkkx ¼okf"kZd ç'kkldh; çfrosnu½A

0 50000 100000 150000 200000

2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 pkoy vkcaVu pkoy forj.k

0 20000 40000 60000 80000

2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

ued vkcaVu ued forj.k

26000 28000 30000 32000 34000 36000 38000

2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

'kDdj vkcaVu 'kDdj forj.k

(5)

Copyright © 2017, Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies

rkfydk Øekad 03 ls Li"V gS fd 'kDdj dk forj.k lokZf/kd 98-55 çfr'kr foÙkh; o"kZ 2015&16 esa rFkk lcls de 91-23 çfr'kr 2016&17 esa FkkA

blh çdkj ve`r vk;ksMkbTM ued dk lokZf/kd forj.k 95-23 çfr'kr 2014&15 o lcls de 40-91 çfr'kr 2015&16 esa jgkA

foÙkh; o"kZ 2013&14 esa 'kDdj o ve`r ued dk forj.k Øe'k% 30648-67 o 54669-31 fDoaVy jgkA

tcfd foÙkh; o"kZ 2013&14 esa 'kDdj o ve`r ued dk forj.k Øe'k% 30648-67 o 54669-31 fDoaVy jgk tcfd foRrh; o"kZ 2016&17 esa 'kDdj o ve`r ued ds forj.k dk çfr'kr Øe'k% 91-23 o 88-97 jgkA

v/;;u dh ifjdYiuk dk lR;kiu &

1- ftys esa lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh ds vUrZxr vkcaVu&forj.k O;oLFkk dks csgrj cukus ds fy, vusd ç;kl fd;s tk jgs gS tSls jk'ku dkMZ dks vk/kkj uEcj ls tksM+uk] esjh ethZ ;kstuk ds rgr vkl&ikl ds vU; jk'ku nqdku ls jk'ku çnku djuk rFkk çR;sd jk'ku nqdku esa VscysV ds ek/;e ls lgh fjdkMZ j[kuk rFkk leLr jk'ku dkMZ dsoy efgyk eqf[k;k ds uke ls tkjh fd;k tkuk gSA

2- fgrxzkgh;ks dk p;u çfØ;k mfpr çfrr gksrk gSA xzkeh.k {ks= esa ljiap }kjk o 'kgjh {ks= esa ik"kZn }kjk çekf.kr fd;s tkus ds i'pkr~ çfØ;k çkjEHk gksrh gSA rFkk jk'kudkMZ dh O;oLFkk dk ek/;e Hkh mfpr gS ftys esa fu;ekuqlkj efgyk eqf[k;k ds uke ls gh jk'ku dkMZ tkjh fd;s tkrs gSA

fu"d"kZ &

bl çdkj xjhch o Hkw[kejh dks nwj djus ds mn~ns'; ls çkjEHk dh xbZ yf{kr lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh vius mn~ns';ks esa lQy gks jgk gSA egkleqUn ftys esa lkoZtfud forj.k ç.kkyh ds ek/;e ls xjhc o fu/kZu ifjokjks dks nksuks le; dk Hkkstu miyC/k djkus esa gj lEHko ç;kl dj jgh gS bl gsrq vkcaVu ls ysdj forj.k rd dh çfØ;k dks ikjn'khZ cuk;k x;k gSSA leLr çfØ;k vkWuykbu ,oa vk/kkj uEcj ls fyad gksus ds dkj.k tgkW ykijokgh o xyr forj.k ij vadq'k yxk gS ogh t:jrean ifjokjks dks [kk|kUu dk forj.k çfrekg le; ij fd;k tk jgk gSA

lUnHkZ xazFk lwph

N-x- 'kklu&[kk| ukxfjd vkiwfrZ ,oa miHkksDrk laj{k.k foHkkx ¼okf"kZd ç'kkldh; çfrosnu½ o"kZ 2013&14 ls 2016&17 rd

xkSjonÙk & Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk & ,l-pkan ,.M dEiuh ç- fy- 52 oka laLdj.k i`- 525 ls 543 rd ekfld if=dk & dq:{ks=] Qjojh 2017-

nSfud lekpkj i= & gfjHkwfe] if=dk] uoHkkjr] nSfud HkkLdj

NÙkhlx<+ osclkbV & www.khadya.cg.nic.incitizen.

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