Os dois sentidos de 'ser' nos Livros VII, VIII e IX da Metafísica de Aristóteles

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iokzoi `e l{f`iakfpe `i `mspmfâïe kfpzk es `ems {ses `e pkzae "skz" fes kf{fomi`es `i lezai "_ í ^"# y{k iokzoi `e l{f`iakfpe `i `mspmfâïe kfpzk es `ems {ses `e pkzae "skz" fes kf{fomi`es `i lezai "_ í ^"# y{k skb{f`e e i{pez fïe í cmfbóáspmoi# ~ezía# efpecÿbmoi& Ka e{pzis ~ici|zis# e l{f`iakfpe `i `mspmfâïe kfpzk skb{f`e e i{pez fïe í cmfbóáspmoi# ~ezía# efpecÿbmoi& Ka e{pzis ~ici|zis# e l{f`iakfpe `i `mspmfâïe kfpzk es `ems pm~es `k kf{fomiâïe

es `ems pm~es `k kf{fomiâïe ‐  ‐ i `i kssçfomi k i `es ipzmj{pesi `i kssçfomi k i `es ipzmj{pes ‐  ‐ zi`moi fi zkicm`i`k& Fi ~izpk MM# `k aifkmzizi`moi fi zkicm`i`k& Fi ~izpk MM# `k aifkmzi s{omfpi# i~zkskfpe is pzçs ~esmâûks océssmois iokzoi `e skz y{k ifpkok`kzia î `k Izmspÿpkcks

s{omfpi# i~zkskfpe is pzçs ~esmâûks océssmois iokzoi `e skz y{k ifpkok`kzia î `k Izmspÿpkcks  ‐  ‐ k y{k leziak y{k lezia |m|iakfpk {pmcmwi`is ~kces selmspis ka s{is izb{akfpiâûks

|m|iakfpk {pmcmwi`is ~kces selmspis ka s{is izb{akfpiâûks ‐  ‐  # i sijkz# i `k Hkzéocmpe# i `k ^izaçfm`ks k i # i sijkz# i `k Hkzéocmpe# i `k ^izaçfm`ks k i `k ^cipïe& Fi ~izpk MMM# skb{mf`e i ezmkfpiâïe i`epi`i# ~zeo{ze smp{iz e ~zejckai iokzoi `i `kpkzamfiâïe `k ^cipïe& Fi ~izpk MMM# skb{mf`e i ezmkfpiâïe i`epi`i# ~zeo{ze smp{iz e ~zejckai iokzoi `i `kpkzamfiâïe `i s{jspêfomi fes Cm|zes \MM# \MMM k MX `i Akpilásmoi& Fis ~izpks M\# \ k \M `e pzijiche# ~zeo{ze i~cmoiz es `i s{jspêfomi fes Cm|zes \MM# \MMM k MX `i Akpilásmoi& Fis ~izpks M\# \ k \M `e pzijiche# ~zeo{ze i~cmoiz es oefokmpes `kskf|ec|m`es ~ez Izmspÿpkcks ~izi e oise `i s{jspêfomi skfsá|kc fi `kpkzamfiâïe `k {ai oefokmpes `kskf|ec|m`es ~ez Izmspÿpkcks ~izi e oise `i s{jspêfomi skfsá|kc fi `kpkzamfiâïe `k {ai s{jspêfomi skfsá|kc ~izpmo{ciz y{k i`epkm oeae kxka~ce ~izi ifécmsk& Pzipi!sk `k pkfpiz i~cmoiz i sec{âïe s{jspêfomi skfsá|kc ~izpmo{ciz y{k i`epkm oeae kxka~ce ~izi ifécmsk& Pzipi!sk `k pkfpiz i~cmoiz i sec{âïe y{k Izmspÿpkcks leza{ce{ ~izi e ~zejckai `i a{`ifâi ie oise ~izpmo{ciz `k {ai s{jspêfomi skfsá|kc y{k Izmspÿpkcks leza{ce{ ~izi e ~zejckai `i a{`ifâi ie oise ~izpmo{ciz `k {ai s{jspêfomi skfsá|kc i~zkskfpi`i ka `mlkzkfpks smp{iâûks y{k kf|ec|ka es pm~es `k

i~zkskfpi`i ka `mlkzkfpks smp{iâûks y{k kf|ec|ka es pm~es `k a{`ifâi ~ez kck ksp{`i`es&a{`ifâi ~ez kck ksp{`i`es&

M& Oeflezak I{jkfy{k# Izmspÿpkcks fi

M& Oeflezak I{jkfy{k# Izmspÿpkcks fi Akpilásmoi Akpilásmoi::# `mspmfb{k kfpzk e `mso{zse bkzic smbfmlmoipm|e k i# `mspmfb{k kfpzk e `mso{zse bkzic smbfmlmoipm|e k i ~zk`moiâïe# s{sokpá|kc `k |kz`i`k e{ licsm`i`k

~zk`moiâïe# s{sokpá|kc `k |kz`i`k e{ licsm`i`k??# y{k `k~kf`k `e ~zmakmze# ~ems {ai ~ze~esmâïe# y{k `k~kf`k `e ~zmakmze# ~ems {ai ~ze~esmâïe okzpiakfpk pka `k skz smbfmlmoipm|i ifpks y{k sk |kzmlmy{k sk í |kz`i`kmzi e{ licsi# ais {a pkzae okzpiakfpk pka `k skz smbfmlmoipm|i ifpks y{k sk |kzmlmy{k sk í |kz`i`kmzi e{ licsi# ais {a pkzae ~e`k skz smbfmlmoipm|e ska y{k# fe kfpifpe# higi fi zkicm`i`k iy{mce i y{k oezzks~ef`k# e{ skgi# {a ~e`k skz smbfmlmoipm|e ska y{k# fe kfpifpe# higi fi zkicm`i`k iy{mce i y{k oezzks~ef`k# e{ skgi# {a pkzae ~e`k smbfmlmoiz icbe ska y{k skgi |kz`i`kmze e{ licse& ^izi I{jkfy{k# i ~ze~esmâïe í ""e pkzae ~e`k smbfmlmoiz icbe ska y{k skgi |kz`i`kmze e{ licse& ^izi I{jkfy{k# i ~ze~esmâïe í ""e c{biz `i |kz`i`k k `i licsm`i`k""# k í ""kfy{ifpe |kz`i`kmze# k fïe kfy{ifpe `mso{zse# y{k sk `mw y{k c{biz `i |kz`i`k k `i licsm`i`k""# k í ""kfy{ifpe |kz`i`kmze# k fïe kfy{ifpe `mso{zse# y{k sk `mw y{k e `mso{zse sk isskakchi îs oemsis""

e `mso{zse sk isskakchi îs oemsis""00& I ~ze~zmk`i`k `k zk~zkskfpiz i zkicm`i`k í oeflkzm`i î& I ~ze~zmk`i`k `k zk~zkskfpiz i zkicm`i`k í oeflkzm`i î ~ze~esmâïe# fïe ~kce lipe `k es pkzaes y{k i oea~ûka skzka smbfes smbfmlmoipm|es `es ejgkpes y{k ~ze~esmâïe# fïe ~kce lipe `k es pkzaes y{k i oea~ûka skzka smbfes smbfmlmoipm|es `es ejgkpes y{k zk~zkskfpia# ~ezía# `k|m`e ""ie ipe aksae `i oea~esmâïe""

zk~zkskfpia# ~ezía# `k|m`e ""ie ipe aksae `i oea~esmâïe"" ;; `kssks smbfes ka s{i mfpkfâïe `k`kssks smbfes ka s{i mfpkfâïe `k zk~zkskfpiz e zkic&

zk~zkskfpiz e zkic& ^izi I{jkfy{k# I^izi I{jkfy{k# Izmspÿpkcks fïe ~ûk ka zmspÿpkcks fïe ~ûk ka y{kspïe i ""l{fâïe `ksmy{kspïe i ""l{fâïe `ksmbfi`ezi `isbfi`ezi `is ~ici|zis""# {ai |kw y{k i kx~kzmçfomi h{aifi `i cmfb{ibka `kaefspzi y{k kcis o{a~zka jka sk{ ~ici|zis""# {ai |kw y{k i kx~kzmçfomi h{aifi `i cmfb{ibka `kaefspzi y{k kcis o{a~zka jka sk{ ~i~kc `k zklkzmz ejgkpes fi zkicm`i`k# ~ems ""e çxmpe `k {ai `ksmbfiâïe oefsibzi`i ~kce {se mf`moi ~i~kc `k zklkzmz ejgkpes fi zkicm`i`k# ~ems ""e çxmpe `k {ai `ksmbfiâïe oefsibzi`i ~kce {se mf`moi y{k pic `ksmbfiâïe fïe í izjmpzézmi k y{k î {fmom`i`k `e feak pka `k oezzks~ef`kz i {fm`i`k `k y{k pic `ksmbfiâïe fïe í izjmpzézmi k y{k î {fmom`i`k `e feak pka `k oezzks~ef`kz i {fm`i`k `k {ai ks~íomk e{ `k {a bçfkze""

{ai ks~íomk e{ `k {a bçfkze""<<& & ^izi I{jkfy^izi I{jkfy{k# pe`is {k# pe`is is `mlmo{c`i`ks is `mlmo{c`i`ks bkzi`is ka bkzi`is ka pezfe `ispezfe `is `klmfmâûks zi`moia f{ai aksai `mlmo{c`i`k aims l{f`iakfpic# i sijkz7 ""oeae `klmfmz# oea feaks `klmfmâûks zi`moia f{ai aksai `mlmo{c`i`k aims l{f`iakfpic# i sijkz7 ""oeae `klmfmz# oea feaks y{k sïe oea{fs# {ai kssçfomi smfb{ciz5""

y{k sïe oea{fs# {ai kssçfomi smfb{ciz5""22# ~ems# oeflezak Izmspÿpkcks# e kf{fomi`e ""`k|k oea~ez!# ~ems# oeflezak Izmspÿpkcks# e kf{fomi`e ""`k|k oea~ez! sk `k ~ici|zis4 ais y{ka leza{ci {ai `klmfmâïe fïe lezgizé {a feak T~zÿ~zmeQ# ~ezy{k fkssk oise sk `k ~ici|zis4 ais y{ka leza{ci {ai `klmfmâïe fïe lezgizé {a feak T~zÿ~zmeQ# ~ezy{k fkssk oise skzmi maoea~zkkfsá|kc# ka pzeoi# is ~ici|zis kspijkckom`is sïe oea{fs i pe`es es akajzes `i skzmi maoea~zkkfsá|kc# ka pzeoi# is ~ici|zis kspijkckom`is sïe oea{fs i pe`es es akajzes `i

99Pzijiche ksozmpe ka 9==0&Pzijiche ksozmpe ka 9==0&

''@e{pezif`e ka Lmceselmi# ^[OZ_&@e{pezif`e ka Lmceselmi# ^[OZ_&

::Izmspÿpkcks#Izmspÿpkcks# Akpilásmoi Akpilásmoi# pzi`& `k Hkzféf W{oohm# k`& # pzi`& `k Hkzféf W{oohm# k`& _{`iakzmoifi# J&Imzks# 9=8<&_{`iakzmoifi# J&Imzks# 9=8<&

??I{jkfy{k# ^& #I{jkfy{k# ^& # Kc ~zejckai `kc skz kf IzmspÿpkcksKc ~zejckai `kc skz kf Izmspÿpkcks# pzi`& `k \m`ic ^kùi# P# pzi`& `k \m`ic ^kùi# Pi{z{s Ai`zm`# 9=82&# ~&9>8&i{z{s Ai`zm`# 9=82&# ~&9>8& 00Mjm`&# ~&9>=&Mjm`&# ~&9>=&

;;M`&# ceo&omp&M`&# ceo&omp& <<Mjm`&# ~&999&Mjm`&# ~&999& 22Mjm`&# ~&990&Mjm`&# ~&990&

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ocissk y{k `ksmbfia# ~ezpifpe# kspïe ka oef`mâûks `k i~cmoiz!sk piajía i e{pzes lezi `i oemsi ocissk y{k `ksmbfia# ~ezpifpe# kspïe ka oef`mâûks `k i~cmoiz!sk piajía i e{pzes lezi `i oemsi `klmfm`i""

`klmfm`i""88&&

_kb{f`e I{jkfy{k# í e lipe `k is ~ici|zis skzka cmampi`is ka f÷akze k zk~zkskfpizka _kb{f`e I{jkfy{k# í e lipe `k is ~ici|zis skzka cmampi`is ka f÷akze k zk~zkskfpizka oemsis mcmampi`is y{k ioizzkpi i ~c{zmssmbfmlmoiâïe# ~ems {ai aksai ~ici|zi a{mpis |kwks zkoejzk oemsis mcmampi`is y{k ioizzkpi i ~c{zmssmbfmlmoiâïe# ~ems {ai aksai ~ici|zi a{mpis |kwks zkoejzk smbfmlmoiâûks `mlkzkfpks ka `mlkzkfpks smp{iâûks ka y{k eoezzka& Kspi ~ze~zmk`i`k `i cmfb{ibka smbfmlmoiâûks `mlkzkfpks ka `mlkzkfpks smp{iâûks ka y{k eoezzka& Kspi ~ze~zmk`i`k `i cmfb{ibka ~e`k skz kci!~zÿ~zmi ~zkg{`momic î ""s{i oi~iom`i`k smbfmlmoifpk""

~e`k skz kci!~zÿ~zmi ~zkg{`momic î ""s{i oi~iom`i`k smbfmlmoifpk""==4 k í kxipiakfpk oefpzi e {se4 k í kxipiakfpk oefpzi e {se mf`msozmamfi`e `i ~c{zmssmbfmlmoiâïe `is ~ici|zis ~ez ~izpk `es selmspis ka s{is izb{akfpiâûks mf`msozmamfi`e `i ~c{zmssmbfmlmoiâïe `is ~ici|zis ~ez ~izpk `es selmspis ka s{is izb{akfpiâûks9>9> y{k Izmspÿpkcks ohiai i ipkfâïe y{if`e zkociai# fe Cm|ze M\# y{k {ai ~ici|zi fkokssizmiakfpk y{k Izmspÿpkcks ohiai i ipkfâïe y{if`e zkociai# fe Cm|ze M\# y{k {ai ~ici|zi fkokssizmiakfpk pka `k smbfmlmoiz icbe `kpkzamfi`e# ~ems# `e oefpzézme# i smbfmlmoiâïe fïe skzé ~essá|kc k# ska kspi# pka `k smbfmlmoiz icbe `kpkzamfi`e# ~ems# `e oefpzézme# i smbfmlmoiâïe fïe skzé ~essá|kc k# ska kspi# pe`i i cmfb{ibka issma oeae e `mécebe kfpzk es heakfs

pe`i i cmfb{ibka issma oeae e `mécebe kfpzk es heakfs 9999& E aípe`e ~ez akme `e y{ic Izmspÿpkcks& E aípe`e ~ez akme `e y{ic Izmspÿpkcks mzé zkl{piz es selmspis skzé e `k `mspmfb{mz is smbfmlmoiâûks `is ~ici|zis# j{soif`e i {fm`i`k mzé zkl{piz es selmspis skzé e `k `mspmfb{mz is smbfmlmoiâûks `is ~ici|zis# j{soif`e i {fm`i`k smbfmlmoipm|i `kspis# ~ems# í ""fkokssézme# kfpïe# y{k oi`i ~ici|zi skgi oefhkom`i k y{k zk|kck icbe# smbfmlmoipm|i `kspis# ~ems# í ""fkokssézme# kfpïe# y{k oi`i ~ici|zi skgi oefhkom`i k y{k zk|kck icbe# fïe a{m

fïe a{mpis oemsis# skfïe sÿ {ai& ^ems pis oemsis# skfïe sÿ {ai& ^ems sk i ~ici|zi smbfmlmoi `mspmfpis oemsis# pka ysk i ~ici|zi smbfmlmoi `mspmfpis oemsis# pka y{k ~ez{k ~ez!sk !sk i ocizei ocize i y{ic `kspks smbfmlmoi`es i ~ici|zi sk i~cmoi& ^ezy{k# e y{k `mw y{k {ai oemsi í k fïe í# fkbi e y{k i y{ic `kspks smbfmlmoi`es i ~ici|zi sk i~cmoi& ^ezy{k# e y{k `mw y{k {ai oemsi í k fïe í# fkbi e y{k `mssk# `k ae`e y{k fkbi y{k i ~ici|zi smbfmlmy{k e y{k smbfmlmoi""

`mssk# `k ae`e y{k fkbi y{k i ~ici|zi smbfmlmy{k e y{k smbfmlmoi""9:9:& I ohi|k# ~ezpifpe# `i& I ohi|k# ~ezpifpe# `i izb{akfpiâïe `k Izmspÿpkcks oefpzi es selmspis kspé fe ~zmfoá~me `k fïe!oefpzi`mâïe

izb{akfpiâïe `k Izmspÿpkcks oefpzi es selmspis kspé fe ~zmfoá~me `k fïe!oefpzi`mâïe ‐  ‐ e "ozmpízme `ie "ozmpízme `i

{fm`i`k aáfmai `k smbfmlmoiâïe `i cmfb{ibka"& _kb{f`e Izmspÿpkcks# kspk ~zmfoá~me í e aims skb{ze {fm`i`k aáfmai `k smbfmlmoiâïe `i cmfb{ibka"& _kb{f`e Izmspÿpkcks# kspk ~zmfoá~me í e aims skb{ze `k pe`es k i zks~kmpe `e y{ic í ma~essá|kc ky{m|eoiz!sk# ""~ems í fkokssézme y{k skakchifpk ~zmfoá~me `k pe`es k i zks~kmpe `e y{ic í ma~essá|kc ky{m|eoiz!sk# ""~ems í fkokssézme y{k skakchifpk ~zmfoá~me skgi e aims oefhkom`e `k pe`es es ~zmfoá~mes k y{k fïe kspkgi jiski`e ka hm~ÿpksks""# ~ezy{k í e skgi e aims oefhkom`e `k pe`es es ~zmfoá~mes k y{k fïe kspkgi jiski`e ka hm~ÿpksks""# ~ezy{k í e ~zmfoá~me y{k ifpkok`k i pe`e e oefhkomakfpe `iy{kck y{k ~zkpkf`k oefhkokz icbe& E ~zmfoá~me í ~zmfoá~me y{k ifpkok`k i pe`e e oefhkomakfpe `iy{kck y{k ~zkpkf`k oefhkokz icbe& E ~zmfoá~me í issma leza{ci`e ~ez Izmspÿpkcks# fe Cm|ze M\7

issma leza{ci`e ~ez Izmspÿpkcks# fe Cm|ze M\7 ""í ma~essá|kc y{k sma{cpifkiakfpk k skb{f`e i""í ma~essá|kc y{k sma{cpifkiakfpk k skb{f`e i aksai zkciâïe e aksae ipzmj{pe ~kzpkfâi k fïe

aksai zkciâïe e aksae ipzmj{pe ~kzpkfâi k fïe ~kzpkfâi ie aksae s{gkmpe~kzpkfâi ie aksae s{gkmpe""""9?9?& E iz`mc mfksoi~é|kc& E iz`mc mfksoi~é|kc `kspk ~zeok`makfpe `k zkl{piâïe oefsmspk ka ~k`mz ~izi e i`|kzsézme y{k `mbi icb{ai oemsi# y{k `kspk ~zeok`makfpe `k zkl{piâïe oefsmspk ka ~k`mz ~izi e i`|kzsézme y{k `mbi icb{ai oemsi# y{k smbfmlmy{k icbe ~ez mfpkzaí`me `is ~ici|zis& _k kck oefok`kz# fïe ~e`kzé `kmxiz `k i`ampmz y{k ie smbfmlmy{k icbe ~ez mfpkzaí`me `is ~ici|zis& _k kck oefok`kz# fïe ~e`kzé `kmxiz `k i`ampmz y{k ie liciz s{is ~ici|zis ~ess{ka {a skfp

liciz s{is ~ici|zis ~ess{ka {a skfpm`e ie akfes# oise oefpzézme# fïe ~e`k kfpziz ka oef|kzsiâïe&m`e ie akfes# oise oefpzézme# fïe ~e`k kfpziz ka oef|kzsiâïe& Oeflezak I{jkfy{k# i {fm`i`k ejgkpm|i y{k bizifpmzé i smbfmlmoiâïe `e `mso{zse í e y{k Oeflezak I{jkfy{k# i {fm`i`k ejgkpm|i y{k bizifpmzé i smbfmlmoiâïe `e `mso{zse í e y{k Izmspÿpkcks ohiai i

Izmspÿpkcks ohiai i kssçfomikssçfomi (e{smi-# ~ems ""e pkzae "skz" e{ e pkzae "fïe!skz" smbfmlmoia icbe(e{smi-# ~ems ""e pkzae "skz" e{ e pkzae "fïe!skz" smbfmlmoia icbe `kpkzamfi`e# `k ae`e y{k fka p{`e ~e`kzmi skz "issma k fïe!issma"& I s{i |kw# sk i`ampk y{k `kpkzamfi`e# `k ae`e y{k fka p{`e ~e`kzmi skz "issma k fïe!issma"& I s{i |kw# sk i`ampk y{k "heaka" smbfmlmoi {ai sÿ oemsi# i sijkz7 ifmaic já~k`k& ^ez "smbfmlmoiz {ai sÿ oemsi" ak zklmze ie "heaka" smbfmlmoi {ai sÿ oemsi# i sijkz7 ifmaic já~k`k& ^ez "smbfmlmoiz {ai sÿ oemsi" ak zklmze ie skb{mfpk7 sk heaka smbfmlmoi mspe Ty{k `msskaesQ# k sk icbe í heaka# mspe skzé i kssçfomi `k skb{mfpk7 sk heaka smbfmlmoi mspe Ty{k `msskaesQ# k sk icbe í heaka# mspe skzé i kssçfomi `k heaka& ^e{oe ma~ezpi sk sk `msskssk y{k heaka pka a{mpes smbfmlmoi`es# oefpifpe y{k lesska heaka& ^e{oe ma~ezpi sk sk `msskssk y{k heaka pka a{mpes smbfmlmoi`es# oefpifpe y{k lesska

88Izmspÿpkcks# e~&omp&# 9>0>i 99!90&Izmspÿpkcks# e~&omp&# 9>0>i 99!90& ==I{jkfy{k# ej&omp&# ~&99<&I{jkfy{k# ej&omp&# ~&99<&

9>

9> Ol& I{jkfy{k# ""E ~izicebmsae# fe skfpm`e kspzmpe `e pkzae# oefsmspk klkpm|iakfpk ka peaiz i aksaiOl& I{jkfy{k# ""E ~izicebmsae# fe skfpm`e kspzmpe `e pkzae# oefsmspk klkpm|iakfpk ka peaiz i aksai

~ici|zi ka `mlkzkfpks iok~âûks ie cefbe `k {a aksae ziomeoáfme4 sk ~ze`{w issma i mc{sïe `k y{k sk ~ici|zi ka `mlkzkfpks iok~âûks ie cefbe `k {a aksae ziomeoáfme4 sk ~ze`{w issma i mc{sïe `k y{k sk smbfmlmoi icbe# y{if`e fi`i sk smbfmlmoi# ~ems sk chk `ïe |ézmis smbfmlmoiâûks i {ai aksai ~ici|zi7 i smbfmlmoi icbe# y{if`e fi`i sk smbfmlmoi# ~ems sk chk `ïe |ézmis smbfmlmoiâûks i {ai aksai ~ici|zi7 i heaefáami í pïe sÿ i i~izçfomi `i smbfmlmoiâïe# k ~ez mspe í e l{f`iakfpe `kssi sijk`ezmi i~izkfpk# i heaefáami í pïe sÿ i i~izçfomi `i smbfmlmoiâïe# k ~ez mspe í e l{f`iakfpe `kssi sijk`ezmi i~izkfpk# i seláspmoi""& E~&omp&# ~&992&

seláspmoi""& E~&omp&# ~&992&

99

99 ^ems# oeflezak Izmspÿpkcks# hé ""fes kfpks {a ~zmfoá~me oea zks~kmpe `e y{ic fïe ~e`kaes kzziz# skfïe# ie^ems# oeflezak Izmspÿpkcks# hé ""fes kfpks {a ~zmfoá~me oea zks~kmpe `e y{ic fïe ~e`kaes kzziz# skfïe# ie

oefpzézme# `e y{ic fkokssizmiakfpk pkaes ska~zk `k zkoefhkokz i |kz`i`k& Fes zklkzmaes ie skb{mfpk7 fïe í oefpzézme# `e y{ic fkokssizmiakfpk pkaes ska~zk `k zkoefhkokz i |kz`i`k& Fes zklkzmaes ie skb{mfpk7 fïe í ~essá|kc

~essá|kc y{k i aksai oemsi# ka {a k ie aksae pka~e# skgi k fïe skgy{k i aksai oemsi# ka {a k ie aksae pka~e# skgi k fïe skgi4 k e{pze pifpe eoezzk oea es e~espesi4 k e{pze pifpe eoezzk oea es e~espes `e aksae pm~e& @k pims ixmeais fïe hé pepic `kaefspziâïe# skfïe sÿ ~ze|i

`e aksae pm~e& @k pims ixmeais fïe hé pepic `kaefspziâïe# skfïe sÿ ~ze|i i` heamfkai` heamfka& Fïe hé ~zmfoá~me& Fïe hé ~zmfoá~me aims okzpe y{k iy{kck# e y{ic í e ~efpe `k ~izpm`i `i zkicmwiâïe `e smcebmsae4 k í fkokssézme y{k kxmspi sk í aims okzpe y{k iy{kck# e y{ic í e ~efpe `k ~izpm`i `i zkicmwiâïe `e smcebmsae4 k í fkokssézme y{k kxmspi sk í y{k hé `k pkz `kaefspziâïe oea~ckpi& Ais sk sk y{kz `kaefspziz y{k kspé fe licse e y{k s{spkfpi y{k hé `k pkz `kaefspziâïe oea~ckpi& Ais sk sk y{kz `kaefspziz y{k kspé fe licse e y{k s{spkfpi ~ze~esmâûks oefpzi`mpÿzmis# jispi oea y{k sk izzify{k `kck i

~ze~esmâûks oefpzi`mpÿzmis# jispi oea y{k sk izzify{k `kck i i`amssïe `k {ai ~ze~esmâïe `k pic pi`amssïe `k {ai ~ze~esmâïe `k pic pm~e y{km~e y{kskgiskgi m`çfpmoi oea i y{k isskb{zi y{k {ai aksai oemsi fïe ~e`k skz k fïe skz ka {a k fe aksae pka~e# ais m`çfpmoi oea i y{k isskb{zi y{k {ai aksai oemsi fïe ~e`k skz k fïe skz ka {a k fe aksae pka~e# ais fïe y{k

(4)

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cmampi`es ka f÷akze# ~ems sk ~e`kzmi issmfiz {a feak `mlkzkfpk i oi`i kf{fomi`e""

cmampi`es ka f÷akze# ~ems sk ~e`kzmi issmfiz {a feak `mlkzkfpk i oi`i kf{fomi`e""9090& Oeflezak& Oeflezak I{jkfy{k# í i ~kzaifçfomi `i kssçfomi y{k skzé e ~zkss{~espe `e l{f`iakfpe `i {fm`i`k `e I{jkfy{k# í i ~kzaifçfomi `i kssçfomi y{k skzé e ~zkss{~espe `e l{f`iakfpe `i {fm`i`k `e skfpm`e# ~ems ""is ~ici|zis pça {a skfpm`e ~ezy{k pça {ai kssçfomi""

skfpm`e# ~ems ""is ~ici|zis pça {a skfpm`e ~ezy{k pça {ai kssçfomi""9;9;& E ~zmfoá~me `k oefpzi`mâïe& E ~zmfoá~me `k oefpzi`mâïe zks{cpizé fe l{f`iakfpe `i cmfb{ibka# ~ems i ifpkok`k kfy{ifpe oef`mâïe `k s{i ~essmjmcm`i`k& zks{cpizé fe l{f`iakfpe `i cmfb{ibka# ~ems i ifpkok`k kfy{ifpe oef`mâïe `k s{i ~essmjmcm`i`k& I~zkskfpi`e issma# kspk ~zmfoá~me pka `{is lioks `mspmfpis# ~ezía mf`mssÿomé|kms# ~ems {ai I~zkskfpi`e issma# kspk ~zmfoá~me pka `{is lioks `mspmfpis# ~ezía mf`mssÿomé|kms# ~ems {ai l{f`iakfpi i e{pzi# i sijkz7 i cÿbmoi ({ai |kw y{k í i zkbzi l{f`iakfpic `e ~kfsiakfpe- k i l{f`iakfpi i e{pzi# i sijkz7 i cÿbmoi ({ai |kw y{k í i zkbzi l{f`iakfpic `e ~kfsiakfpe- k i efpecÿbmoi (~ems is oemsis pça y{k pkz

efpecÿbmoi (~ems is oemsis pça y{k pkz {ai kssçfomi-{ai kssçfomi-9<9<&&

Oeflezak I{jkfy{k# Izmspÿpkcks# i lma `k zksec|kz is `mlmo{c`i`ks seláspmois iokzoi `i Oeflezak I{jkfy{k# Izmspÿpkcks# i lma `k zksec|kz is `mlmo{c`i`ks seláspmois iokzoi `i ~zk`moiâïe# mzé `mspmfb{mz kfpzk s{jspêfomi TkssçfomiQ k iom`kfpks# fi zkicm`i`k# ais ie skz pzifs~espi ~zk`moiâïe# mzé `mspmfb{mz kfpzk s{jspêfomi TkssçfomiQ k iom`kfpks# fi zkicm`i`k# ais ie skz pzifs~espi ie ~cife `e `mso{zse# i oezzkcipm|i `mspmfâïe kfpzk s{gkmpe k ~zk`moi`e fïe sk `kaefspzizé klmoiw# ie ~cife `e `mso{zse# i oezzkcipm|i `mspmfâïe kfpzk s{gkmpe k ~zk`moi`e fïe sk `kaefspzizé klmoiw# ~ems# piajía i ""kssçfomi (e{ okzpi ~izpk `kci- ~e`k ipzmj{mz!sk""& ^ems# pifpe es

~ems# piajía i ""kssçfomi (e{ okzpi ~izpk `kci- ~e`k ipzmj{mz!sk""& ^ems# pifpe es kf{fomi`eskf{fomi`es ipzmj{pm|es

ipzmj{pm|es y{ifpe es kf{fomi`es `ky{ifpe es kf{fomi`es `k m`kfpm`i`k#m`kfpm`i`k# es y{k kx~zkssia i `klmfmâïe# sïe kf{fomi`eses y{k kx~zkssia i `klmfmâïe# sïe kf{fomi`es

 ~zk`moipm|es

 ~zk`moipm|es# e{ skgi# iajes pça i lezai "_ í ^"& Mspe y{kz `mwkz y{k ka iajes "skz" kspé cmbif`e {a# e{ skgi# iajes pça i lezai "_ í ^"& Mspe y{kz `mwkz y{k ka iajes "skz" kspé cmbif`e {a ~zk`moi`e ie s{gkmpe& ^ezpifpe# i `mspmfâïe kfpzk kf{fomi`es ~zk`moipm|es k `k m`kfpm`i`k fïe í ~zk`moi`e ie s{gkmpe& ^ezpifpe# i `mspmfâïe kfpzk kf{fomi`es ~zk`moipm|es k `k m`kfpm`i`k fïe í s{lmomkfpk ~izi oiziopkzmwiz e {se `e "skz" fes kf{fomi`es

s{lmomkfpk ~izi oiziopkzmwiz e {se `e "skz" fes kf{fomi`es9292& ^izi I{jkfy{k# e ~zejckai& ^izi I{jkfy{k# e ~zejckai l{f`iakfpic `k Izmspÿpkcks `mw zks~kmpe# fïe ie smbfmlmoi`e# ais îs smbfmlmoiâûks y{k "skz" pka fkspks l{f`iakfpic `k Izmspÿpkcks `mw zks~kmpe# fïe ie smbfmlmoi`e# ais îs smbfmlmoiâûks y{k "skz" pka fkspks `ems pm~es `k kf{fomi`es (es `k kssçfomi k `k

ipzmj{mâïe-`ems pm~es `k kf{fomi`es (es `k kssçfomi k `k ipzmj{mâïe-9898& K í ipzi|ís `i `mspmfâïe kfpzk e& K í ipzi|ís `i `mspmfâïe kfpzk e smbfmlmoi`e `e pkzae "skz" k is s{is smbfmlmoiâûks

smbfmlmoi`e `e pkzae "skz" k is s{is smbfmlmoiâûks9=9= y{k Izmspÿpkcks mzé ~e`kz zksec|kz is `mlmo{c`i`ksy{k Izmspÿpkcks mzé ~e`kz zksec|kz is `mlmo{c`i`ks i~izkfpks ~ze~espis ~kces selmspis#

i~izkfpks ~ze~espis ~kces selmspis# ~ems e kzze l~ems e kzze l{f`iakfpic `es `mso{zses `k pe`es es lm{f`iakfpic `es `mso{zses `k pe`es es lmcÿseles y{kcÿseles y{k ~zkok`kzia i Izmspÿpkcks oefsmspm{ fe lipe `k y{kzkzka ""i|kzmb{iz es kckakfpes `e skz ifpks `k ~zkok`kzia i Izmspÿpkcks oefsmspm{ fe lipe `k y{kzkzka ""i|kzmb{iz es kckakfpes `e skz ifpks `k `mspmfb{mz is `mspmfpis smbfmlmoiâûks `i

`mspmfb{mz is `mspmfpis smbfmlmoiâûks `i ~ici|zi h{aifi sejzk e skz""~ici|zi h{aifi sejzk e skz"":>:>&&

90

90 Mjm`&# 9>><i ?:!;%9>><j 9!?&Mjm`&# 9>><i ?:!;%9>><j 9!?& 9;

9;I{jkfy{k# e~&omp&# ~&9:0&I{jkfy{k# e~&omp&# ~&9:0& 9<

9< Ol& I{jkfy{k#Ol& I{jkfy{k# "" "" I ifécmsk `i cmfb{ibka# zkoefhkom`i oeae smbfmlmoifpk# fes lkw zkjimxiz e ~cifeI ifécmsk `i cmfb{ibka# zkoefhkom`i oeae smbfmlmoifpk# fes lkw zkjimxiz e ~cife

""ejgkpm|e""`is ~ici|zis# ÷fmoe y{k oefhkoka es selmspis# ka `mzkâïe ie ~cife# ~zejckaépmoe ska~zk ie skz ""ejgkpm|e""`is ~ici|zis# ÷fmoe y{k oefhkoka es selmspis# ka `mzkâïe ie ~cife# ~zejckaépmoe ska~zk ie skz ""s{jgkpm|e""# `is mfpkfâûks& Ais e ioez`e# e{ ie akfes e kfoefpze `kspis fe skme `i zkicm`i`k h{aifi `e ""s{jgkpm|e""# `is mfpkfâûks& Ais e ioez`e# e{ ie akfes e kfoefpze `kspis fe skme `i zkicm`i`k h{aifi `e `mécebe fes ck|e{ i ~zkss{~ez oeae c{biz `k pic kfoefpze {ai fe|i ejgkpm|m`i`k# y{k í i `e skz& I `mécebe fes ck|e{ i ~zkss{~ez oeae c{biz `k pic kfoefpze {ai fe|i ejgkpm|m`i`k# y{k í i `e skz& I ejgkpm|m`i`k `e `mso{zse# ~espi ka ~kzmbe ~kci s{jgkpm|me`i`k `i mfpkfâïe (i y{ic# oefsm`kzi`i mseci`iakfpk# ejgkpm|m`i`k `e `mso{zse# ~espi ka ~kzmbe ~kci s{jgkpm|me`i`k `i mfpkfâïe (i y{ic# oefsm`kzi`i mseci`iakfpk# oezzmi e zmsoe

oezzmi e zmsoe `k i~izkokz oeae oef|k`k i~izkokz oeae oef|kfâïe- pkzamfi ~ez lma zkspi{zi`i ka fâïe- pkzamfi ~ez lma zkspi{zi`i ka feak feak `i mfpkzs{jgkpm|m`i`k `e`i mfpkzs{jgkpm|m`i`k `e `mécebe""& E~&omp&# ~&9?>&

`mécebe""& E~&omp&# ~&9?>&

92

92 Ol& I{jkfy{k7 ""@k|k i`ampmz!sk# ~ems# y{k kxmspka ""~zk`moi`es y{k smbfmlmoia i kssçfomi"" k e{pzes y{kOl& I{jkfy{k7 ""@k|k i`ampmz!sk# ~ems# y{k kxmspka ""~zk`moi`es y{k smbfmlmoia i kssçfomi"" k e{pzes y{k

smbfmlmoia e iom`kfpk& E kxiak `i cmfb{ibka fïe fes skz|k iy{m `k fi`i# ~espe y{k i lezai (_ í ^- í ka smbfmlmoia e iom`kfpk& E kxiak `i cmfb{ibka fïe fes skz|k iy{m `k fi`i# ~espe y{k i lezai (_ í ^- í ka iajes es oises i aksai& ~izi

iajes es oises i aksai& ~izi `mspmfb{mz i ~zk`moiâïe iom`kfpic `i ksskfomic# hi|kzé `mspmfb{mz i ~zk`moiâïe iom`kfpic `i ksskfomic# hi|kzé y{k zkoezzkz kfpïe i {aiy{k zkoezzkz kfpïe i {ai zklckxïe sejzk is `mspmfpis smbfmlmoiâûks y{k fessi mfpkfâïe oeflkzk# ka oi`i oise# î oÿ~{ci

zklckxïe sejzk is `mspmfpis smbfmlmoiâûks y{k fessi mfpkfâïe oeflkzk# ka oi`i oise# î oÿ~{ci skz skz ""& E~&omp#""& E~&omp# ~&9?2&

~&9?2&

98

98I `mlkzkfâi kfpzk {ai cmfb{ibka ipzmj{mpm|i k {ai cmfb{ibka smbfmlmoipm|i oefsmspmzmi fe lipe `k y{k7 ""feI `mlkzkfâi kfpzk {ai cmfb{ibka ipzmj{mpm|i k {ai cmfb{ibka smbfmlmoipm|i oefsmspmzmi fe lipe `k y{k7 ""fe

~cife `i ipzmj{mâïe

~cife `i ipzmj{mâïe# í ckbápmae `mwkz y{k {a# í ckbápmae `mwkz y{k {ai oemsi í mspe k fïe!mspe4 ais fe ~ci oemsi í mspe k fïe!mspe4 ais fe ~cife `i smbfmlmoiâïe ife `i smbfmlmoiâïe hi|kzmihi|kzmi fmspe {ai oefpzi`mâïe& ""_mbfmlmoiz i kssçfomi `k {ai oemsi í smbfmlmoiz y{k fi`i `mspmfpe `msse í i kssçfomi fmspe {ai oefpzi`mâïe& ""_mbfmlmoiz i kssçfomi `k {ai oemsi í smbfmlmoiz y{k fi`i `mspmfpe `msse í i kssçfomi `kssi oemsi""(M\# 0# 9>>2i :<-& I {fm`i`k `i smbfmlmoiâïe kx~zkssi k s{~ûk i mfoea~ipmjmcm`i`k `is `kssi oemsi""(M\# 0# 9>>2i :<-& I {fm`i`k `i smbfmlmoiâïe kx~zkssi k s{~ûk i mfoea~ipmjmcm`i`k `is kssçfomis""& Ol& I{jkfy{k# e~&omp&# ~&9?:&

kssçfomis""& Ol& I{jkfy{k# e~&omp&# ~&9?:&

9=

9= Ol& I{jkfy{k#""I ezmbmficm`i`k `e aípe`e `k Izmspÿpkcks oefsmspmzé ka ""ksoi~iz `is oefpzi`mâûks `k {aiOl& I{jkfy{k#""I ezmbmficm`i`k `e aípe`e `k Izmspÿpkcks oefsmspmzé ka ""ksoi~iz `is oefpzi`mâûks `k {ai

lásmoi `e skz (&&&- ak`mifpk {ai ifécmsk `is smbfmlmoiâûks `e skz# ie y{k skz zk`{wmzé ka `klmfmpm|e i lásmoi `e skz (&&&- ak`mifpk {ai ifécmsk `is smbfmlmoiâûks `e skz# ie y{k skz zk`{wmzé ka `klmfmpm|e i efpecebmi""# ~ems ""i efpecebmi fïe ~e`k oefspmp{mz!sk aims y{k ipzi|ís `e `mso{zse h{aife ""&(&&&-""Is i~ezmis efpecebmi""# ~ems ""i efpecebmi fïe ~e`k oefspmp{mz!sk aims y{k ipzi|ís `e `mso{zse h{aife ""&(&&&-""Is i~ezmis akbézmois &&& fïe sïe smfic# oeae ozk{ ^cipïe# `k {ai mbfezêfomi `i efpecebmi4 skfïe y{k aifmlkspia akbézmois &&& fïe sïe smfic# oeae ozk{ ^cipïe# `k {ai mbfezêfomi `i efpecebmi4 skfïe y{k aifmlkspia `mlmo{c`i`ks y{k sïe kcis

(6)

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(7)

MM& Ifpks `k Izmspÿpkcks# hi|mi jismoiakfpk pzçs ~esmâûks zkck|ifpks i zks~kmpe `i ~essmjmcm`i`k `e MM& Ifpks `k Izmspÿpkcks# hi|mi jismoiakfpk pzçs ~esmâûks zkck|ifpks i zks~kmpe `i ~essmjmcm`i`k `e oefhkomakfpe h{aife# i sijkz# i `k Hkzéocmpe# i `k ^izaçfm`ks k i `k ^cipïe& I ~esmâïe `k oefhkomakfpe h{aife# i sijkz# i `k Hkzéocmpe# i `k ^izaçfm`ks k i `k ^cipïe& I ~esmâïe `k Hkzéocmpe kzi i `k y{k es ejgkpes skfsá|kms `e a{f`e# ~kzokjm`es ~kces skfpm`es h{aifes#

Hkzéocmpe kzi i `k y{k es ejgkpes skfsá|kms `e a{f`e# ~kzokjm`es ~kces skfpm`es h{aifes# kziakzia pimspims y{ims

y{ims ~izkomia ~izkomia skz# e{ skgi# a{pé|kms# a÷cpm~ces& ^izi kck# p{`e e y{k i~izkomi oeae maÿ|kc#skz# e{ skgi# a{pé|kms# a÷cpm~ces& ^izi kck# p{`e e y{k i~izkomi oeae maÿ|kc# ma{pé|kc k {fe# kzi mc{sïe `es skfpm`es# ~ems fi |kz`i`k# e ÷fmoe `i`e ma{pé|kc k okzpe iokzoi `e ma{pé|kc k {fe# kzi mc{sïe `es skfpm`es# ~ems fi |kz`i`k# e ÷fmoe `i`e ma{pé|kc k okzpe iokzoi `e a{f`e skfsá|kc ie y{ic i ziwïe ~e`kzmi is~mziz kzi e `k y{k p{`e fe a{f`e kspé oefspifpkakfpk i a{f`e skfsá|kc ie y{ic i ziwïe ~e`kzmi is~mziz kzi e `k y{k p{`e fe a{f`e kspé oefspifpkakfpk i a{`iz# k# `kssk ae`e# es ejgkpes k skzks oeae kspif`e ka oefspifpk ae|makfpe& I ~esmâïe `k a{`iz# k# `kssk ae`e# es ejgkpes k skzks oeae kspif`e ka oefspifpk ae|makfpe& I ~esmâïe `k ^izaçfm`ks# ie oefpzézme# oefsm`kzi|i e a{f`e oeae skf`e {a skz ÷fmoe k kpkzfiakfpk ma{pé|kc& ^izaçfm`ks# ie oefpzézme# oefsm`kzi|i e a{f`e oeae skf`e {a skz ÷fmoe k kpkzfiakfpk ma{pé|kc& ^ez oefskb{mfpk# i kxmspçfomi `k skzks k ejgkpes# ka s{i ~c{zicm`i`k# issma oeae s{is |izmiâûks ^ez oefskb{mfpk# i kxmspçfomi `k skzks k ejgkpes# ka s{i ~c{zicm`i`k# issma oeae s{is |izmiâûks ‐  ‐ ee

ae|makfpe k i a{`ifâi

ae|makfpe k i a{`ifâi ‐  ‐ # pic oeae ~kzokjm`es ~kces skfpm`es# kzi mc{sÿzmi# ~ems# ~izi ^izaçfm`ks## pic oeae ~kzokjm`es ~kces skfpm`es# kzi mc{sÿzmi# ~ems# ~izi ^izaçfm`ks# e skz í fkokssizmiakfpk {fe# ma{pé|kc k maÿ|kc& Mspe smbfmlmoi `mwkz y{k e skz fïe ~e`k a{`iz# e skz í fkokssizmiakfpk {fe# ma{pé|kc k maÿ|kc& Mspe smbfmlmoi `mwkz y{k e skz fïe ~e`k a{`iz# `kmxiz `k

`kmxiz `k skz& ^izi kck# skz& ^izi kck# fïe í ~essá|fïe í ~essá|kc ~kfsiz e kc ~kfsiz e fïe!skz& fïe!skz& Gé i Gé i ~esmâïe `k ~esmâïe `k ^cipïe ~zeo{ze{# ^cipïe ~zeo{ze{# `k okzpe`k okzpe ae`e# oefomcmiz iajis is ~esmâûks ifpkzmezks y{k hkz`e{

ae`e# oefomcmiz iajis is ~esmâûks ifpkzmezks y{k hkz`e{  ‐  ‐ `k Hkzéocmpe k ^izaçfm`ks`k Hkzéocmpe k ^izaçfm`ks ‐  ‐ ## oefok`kf`e ziwïe i {a k i e{pze ka `mlkzkfpks fá|kms `k oefsm`kziâïe `i zkicm`i`k& I Hkzéocmpe oefok`kf`e ziwïe i {a k i e{pze ka `mlkzkfpks fá|kms `k oefsm`kziâïe `i zkicm`i`k& I Hkzéocmpe oefok`k y{k e a{f`e sk i~zkskfpi ies skfpm`es oeae a{pé|kc# oea~espe `k ejgkpes `mspmfpes ka oefok`k y{k e a{f`e sk i~zkskfpi ies skfpm`es oeae a{pé|kc# oea~espe `k ejgkpes `mspmfpes ka ae|makfpe# s{gkmpes# ~ezpifpe# î oezz{~âïe& Kspks ejgkpes `e a{f`e skfsá|kc# ie skzka ~kfsi`es ae|makfpe# s{gkmpes# ~ezpifpe# î oezz{~âïe& Kspks ejgkpes `e a{f`e skfsá|kc# ie skzka ~kfsi`es ~kce mfpkckope# i~zkskfpia!sk oeae oÿ~mis ma~kzlkmpis `e |kz`i`kmze skz# `e ÷fmoe skz ~kzlkmpe& K sÿ ~kce mfpkckope# i~zkskfpia!sk oeae oÿ~mis ma~kzlkmpis `e |kz`i`kmze skz# `e ÷fmoe skz ~kzlkmpe& K sÿ sïe ~kfsé|kms ~ezy{k ~izpmom~ia `kspis "Lezais m`kims"# y{k sïe ""~kzokjm`is"" ~kce mfpkckope k y{k sïe ~kfsé|kms ~ezy{k ~izpmom~ia `kspis "Lezais m`kims"# y{k sïe ""~kzokjm`is"" ~kce mfpkckope k y{k `ïe e ~i`zïe `k g{cbiakfpe k zkoefhkomakfpe `es skzks skfsá|kms& Kspis "Lezais ~kzlkmpis"# e{ `ïe e ~i`zïe `k g{cbiakfpe k zkoefhkomakfpe `es skzks skfsá|kms& Kspis "Lezais ~kzlkmpis"# e{ M`ímis# sïe maÿ|kms# ma{pé|kms k {fis& Fkspk skfpm`e# ie i~zkskfpiz kspis Lezais# e{ M`ímis# oeae es M`ímis# sïe maÿ|kms# ma{pé|kms k {fis& Fkspk skfpm`e# ie i~zkskfpiz kspis Lezais# e{ M`ímis# oeae es ejgkpes mfpkcmbá|kms `i ziwïe# oeae ~izi`mbais

ejgkpes mfpkcmbá|kms `i ziwïe# oeae ~izi`mbais  ‐  ‐ es |kz`i`kmzes ae`kces `es skzks skfsá|kmses |kz`i`kmzes ae`kces `es skzks skfsá|kms ‐  ‐ ## ^cipïe oefok`k i ^izaçfm`ks y{k e skz

^cipïe oefok`k i ^izaçfm`ks y{k e skz |kz`i`kmze í {fe# kspépmoe k ma{pé|kc&|kz`i`kmze í {fe# kspépmoe k ma{pé|kc&

I oefskyóçfomi `mzkpi `i ~zmakmzi ~esmâïe# i `k Hkzéocmpe# í i `k y{k e oefhkomakfpe I oefskyóçfomi `mzkpi `i ~zmakmzi ~esmâïe# i `k Hkzéocmpe# í i `k y{k e oefhkomakfpe |kz`i`kmze

|kz`i`kmze ‐  ‐ fe skfpm`e ka y{k fes lici Izmspÿpkcks# oefhkomakfpe omkfpálmoefe skfpm`e ka y{k fes lici Izmspÿpkcks# oefhkomakfpe omkfpálmoe ‐  ‐ # í ma~essá|kc# {ai# í ma~essá|kc# {ai |kw y{k e zkic fïe í ~issá|kc `k fkfh{a g{áwe y{k sejzk|m|i ie `ko{zse pka~ezic# ~ems p{`e í |kw y{k e zkic fïe í ~issá|kc `k fkfh{a g{áwe y{k sejzk|m|i ie `ko{zse pka~ezic# ~ems p{`e í a{pé|kc& Kspi ~esmâïe kxmbk y{k sk oefokji e a{f`e pic oeae kck í ~kzokjm`e ~kces skfpm`es# a{pé|kc& Kspi ~esmâïe kxmbk y{k sk oefokji e a{f`e pic oeae kck í ~kzokjm`e ~kces skfpm`es# ~ezpifpe# a{pé|kc& _kb{mf`e kspi ~esmâïe `k Hkzéocmpe# e oefhkomakfpe |kz`i`kmze í ma~essá|kc& I ~ezpifpe# a{pé|kc& _kb{mf`e kspi ~esmâïe `k Hkzéocmpe# e oefhkomakfpe |kz`i`kmze í ma~essá|kc& I oefskyóçfomi `mzkpi `i skb{f`i ~esmâïe# i `k ^izaçfm`ks# í i `k y{k e oefhkomakfpe `e skz oefskyóçfomi `mzkpi `i skb{f`i ~esmâïe# i `k ^izaçfm`ks# í i `k y{k e oefhkomakfpe `e skz |kz`i`kmze í# icía `k ~essá|kc# e ÷fmoe i y{k sk ~e`k is~mziz i ejpkz ~ez akme `i ziwïe# ~ems i s{i |kz`i`kmze í# icía `k ~essá|kc# e ÷fmoe i y{k sk ~e`k is~mziz i ejpkz ~ez akme `i ziwïe# ~ems i s{i kxmbçfomi `i ma{pijmcm`i`k `e skz ~izi skz ~kfsi`e# i~zkskfpi!sk oeae e ~zmfoá~me l{f`iakfpic `e kxmbçfomi `i ma{pijmcm`i`k `e skz ~izi skz ~kfsi`e# i~zkskfpi!sk oeae e ~zmfoá~me l{f`iakfpic `e ~kfsiakfpe# i sijkz# e `k y{k fïe í ~essá|kc î ziwïe ~kfsiz e fïe!skz (e oefpzi`mpÿzme-& Ie ~kfsiakfpe# i sijkz# e `k y{k fïe í ~essá|kc î ziwïe ~kfsiz e fïe!skz (e oefpzi`mpÿzme-& Ie oefokjkz e zkic skb{f`e es ozmpízmes `k l{fomefiakfpe `e ~kfsiakfpe# oeae fïe ~e`kf`e skz oefokjkz e zkic skb{f`e es ozmpízmes `k l{fomefiakfpe `e ~kfsiakfpe# oeae fïe ~e`kf`e skz oefpzi`mpÿzme# kspi ~esmâïe oefsm`kzi ma~essá|kc ilmzaiz e licse# {ai |kw y{k kck fïe ~e`k skz oefpzi`mpÿzme# kspi ~esmâïe oefsm`kzi ma~essá|kc ilmzaiz e licse# {ai |kw y{k kck fïe ~e`k skz ~kfsi`e& I

~kfsi`e& I icpkzfipm|i `k sec{âïe `k icpkzfipm|i `k sec{âïe `k ^cipïe# ie oefokjkz ^cipïe# ie oefokjkz is "Lezais" oeae kfis "Lezais" oeae kfpm`i`ks kxmspkfpkspm`i`ks kxmspkfpks sk~izi`is `es skzks# pkzamfi ~ez a{cpm~cmoiz e ~zejckai iokzoi `i `kpkzamfiâïe `i |kz`i`k# sk~izi`is `es skzks# pkzamfi ~ez a{cpm~cmoiz e ~zejckai iokzoi `i `kpkzamfiâïe `i |kz`i`k# pezfif`e imf`i aims `mláomc e ioksse i

pezfif`e imf`i aims `mláomc e ioksse i kci&kci&

_kgi y{ic lez e ae`e `k oefokjkz i zkicm`i`k skfsá|kc `es skzks fi fip{zkwi# fkfh{a _kgi y{ic lez e ae`e `k oefokjkz i zkicm`i`k skfsá|kc `es skzks fi fip{zkwi# fkfh{a oif`m`ipe i pkezmi e{ smspkai `k `ksozmâïe k `k kx~cmoiâïe `kspi zkicm`i`k fkbizé y{k# ~ez oif`m`ipe i pkezmi e{ smspkai `k `ksozmâïe k `k kx~cmoiâïe `kspi zkicm`i`k fkbizé y{k# ~ez mfpkzaí`me `es skfpm`es# ~kzokjkaes es kfpks# fe `ko{zse pka~ezic# ezi oeae i~zkskfpif`e {a mfpkzaí`me `es skfpm`es# ~kzokjkaes es kfpks# fe `ko{zse pka~ezic# ezi oeae i~zkskfpif`e {a is~kope ezi e{pze# ezi kspif`e f{a c{biz ezi f"e{pze# kpo&4 e{ skgi# y{k ~kzokjkaes skzks aÿ|kms k is~kope ezi e{pze# ezi kspif`e f{a c{biz ezi f"e{pze# kpo&4 e{ skgi# y{k ~kzokjkaes skzks aÿ|kms k a{pé|kms& Oefhkomakfpe# fe skfpm`e kspzmpe `e pkzae# í oefhkomakfpe `e |kz`i`kmze#í a{pé|kms& Oefhkomakfpe# fe skfpm`e kspzmpe `e pkzae# í oefhkomakfpe `e |kz`i`kmze#í oefhkomakfpe `iy{mce y{k í& K# ~izi Izmspÿpkcks# ""í fkokssézme y{k Tiy{mceQ y{k a{`i skgi {a kfpk4 oefhkomakfpe `iy{mce y{k í& K# ~izi Izmspÿpkcks# ""í fkokssézme y{k Tiy{mceQ y{k a{`i skgi {a kfpk4 ~ems i a{`ifâi ~izpk `k icbe k sk kfoiamfhi i icbe""

~ems i a{`ifâi ~izpk `k icbe k sk kfoiamfhi i icbe"":9:9& Ka e{pzes pkzaes# í fkoksézme y{k& Ka e{pzes pkzaes# í fkoksézme y{k `iy{mce`iy{mce

y{k sk i~zkskfpi ies skfpm`es oeae s{sokpá|kc `k a{`ifâis# icbe ~kzaifkâi `kck y{k ~kzampi ie y{k sk i~zkskfpi ies skfpm`es oeae s{sokpá|kc `k a{`ifâis# icbe ~kzaifkâi `kck y{k ~kzampi ie lmfic `kspis zkoefhkoç!ce oeae pic# oeae ÷fmoe# oeae iy{kck y{k selzk{ kspis a{`ifâis& Fkssk lmfic `kspis zkoefhkoç!ce oeae pic# oeae ÷fmoe# oeae iy{kck y{k selzk{ kspis a{`ifâis& Fkssk skfpm`e# e y{k í fkokssézme ~izi oefhkokz e skz a{pé|kc í y{k icbe `kck ~kzaifkâi& Í fkokssézme skfpm`e# e y{k í fkokssézme ~izi oefhkokz e skz a{pé|kc í y{k icbe `kck ~kzaifkâi& Í fkokssézme y{k sk ~essi ~kfsiz `kck {a s{jspzipe `kpkzamfé|kc# {fm|eoiakfpk# oeae e |káo{ce `kspis y{k sk ~essi ~kfsiz `kck {a s{jspzipe `kpkzamfé|kc# {fm|eoiakfpk# oeae e |káo{ce `kspis ae`mlmoiâûks ~kzokjm`is& Ezi# i`ampmf`e y{k# oeflezak Izmspÿpkcks# ~ez `kpzés `kspis ae`mlmoiâûks# ae`mlmoiâûks ~kzokjm`is& Ezi# i`ampmf`e y{k# oeflezak Izmspÿpkcks# ~ez `kpzés `kspis ae`mlmoiâûks#

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i~izkok `k {a ae`e ezi `k e{pze5""

i~izkok `k {a ae`e ezi `k e{pze5"" ‐  ‐ i ~kzb{fpi sejzk ""e y{ki ~kzb{fpi sejzk ""e y{k í í ee skz skz kfy{ifpe íkfy{ifpe í skz skz """" ‐  ‐ # m&k&# i# m&k&# i ~kzb{fpi ~kce skz s{jgiokfpk îs (s{is- ae`mlmoiâûks# oeae i ~kzb{fpi ~kci

~kzb{fpi ~kce skz s{jgiokfpk îs (s{is- ae`mlmoiâûks# oeae i ~kzb{fpi ~kci s{jspêfomis{jspêfomi# ~kce# ~kce

 ~kzaifkfpk

 ~kzaifkfpk# ~kce# ~kce kspé|kckspé|kc# ~kce# ~kce ma{pé|kcma{pé|kc# # i oefi oef`mâïe ~zmakmzi `i `mâïe ~zmakmzi `i ~essmjmcm`i`k `e o~essmjmcm`i`k `e oefhkomakfpe&efhkomakfpe& ^ezpifpe# i ~kzb{fpi y{k ~kz~issi pe`i i zklckxïe lmcesÿlmoi iokzoi `i ~essmjmcm`i`k `k ^ezpifpe# i ~kzb{fpi y{k ~kz~issi pe`i i zklckxïe lmcesÿlmoi iokzoi `i ~essmjmcm`i`k `k oefhkomakfpe `e skz |kz`i`kmze í i aksai7

oefhkomakfpe `e skz |kz`i`kmze í i aksai7 oeae oea~ipmjmcmwiz i kxmbçfomi `k {a ~kzaifkfpkoeae oea~ipmjmcmwiz i kxmbçfomi `k {a ~kzaifkfpk oea i k|m`çfomi skfsá|kc `i a{pijmcm`i`k `i fip{zkwi5

oea i k|m`çfomi skfsá|kc `i a{pijmcm`i`k `i fip{zkwi5 Ka e{pzis ~ici|zis7Ka e{pzis ~ici|zis7 oeae icbe ~e`k a{`iz oeae icbe ~e`k a{`iz  ska `kmxiz `k skz e y{k í5&

ska `kmxiz `k skz e y{k í5& Kms# ~ems# e ~zejckai oea e y{ic pka `k `klzefpiz!sk y{icy{kz smspkaiKms# ~ems# e ~zejckai oea e y{ic pka `k `klzefpiz!sk y{icy{kz smspkai `k kx~cmoiâïe `i zkicm`i`k# i sijkz# e `i a{`ifâi# k y{k is `{is ~esmâûks i~zkskfpi`is

`k kx~cmoiâïe `i zkicm`i`k# i sijkz# e `i a{`ifâi# k y{k is `{is ~esmâûks i~zkskfpi`is  ‐  ‐ i i `k`k

Hkzéocmpe k ^izaçfm`ks

Hkzéocmpe k ^izaçfm`ks ‐  ‐  `kmxia mfpiope& E{ skgi# fkfh{ai `is `{is ~esmâûks kx~cmoi`kmxia mfpiope& E{ skgi# fkfh{ai `is `{is ~esmâûks kx~cmoi

sipmslipezmiakfpk e ae|makfpe k i a{`ifâi `es skzks skfsá|kms# kcis fïe `ïe oefpi `i

sipmslipezmiakfpk e ae|makfpe k i a{`ifâi `es skzks skfsá|kms# kcis fïe `ïe oefpi `i i~izçfomii~izçfomi a{pé|kc

a{pé|kc `i zkicm`i`k skfsá|`i zkicm`i`k skfsá|kc& Í kspk e ~zejckc& Í kspk e ~zejckai oea e kai oea e y{ic Iy{ic Izmspÿpkcks# `k~ems `k ^cipïe# mzézmspÿpkcks# `k~ems `k ^cipïe# mzé `klzefpiz!sk#

`klzefpiz!sk# iozksom`e ibezi `i iozksom`e ibezi `i `mlmo{c`i`k ma`mlmo{c`i`k ma~espi ~kce {se ~espi ~kce {se y{k es y{k es ohiai`es selmohiai`es selmspis lmwkziaspis lmwkzia `kspis `{is ~esmâûks iokzoi `e skz&

`kspis `{is ~esmâûks iokzoi `e skz&

MMM& Izmspÿpkcks fe mfáome `e cm|ze \MM# `i

MMM& Izmspÿpkcks fe mfáome `e cm|ze \MM# `i Akpilásmoi Akpilásmoi# zklkzk!sk ies |ézmes smbfmlmoi`es `e pkzae# zklkzk!sk ies |ézmes smbfmlmoi`es `e pkzae "skz"

"skz"::::& Hé# ~ezía# {a skfpm`e ~zmakmze ka y{k e "skz" í {pmcmwi`e fes kf{fomi`es ~izi smbfmlmoiz& Hé# ~ezía# {a skfpm`e ~zmakmze ka y{k e "skz" í {pmcmwi`e fes kf{fomi`es ~izi smbfmlmoiz "iy{mce y{k icbe í" k y{k zk~zkskfpi s{i "s{jspêfomi"

"iy{mce y{k icbe í" k y{k zk~zkskfpi s{i "s{jspêfomi":?:?& Oeflezak Izmspÿpkcks# i ~ici|zi "skz" í& Oeflezak Izmspÿpkcks# i ~ici|zi "skz" í {pmcmwi`i fes kf{fomi`es ~izi kx~zkssiz ~kce

{pmcmwi`i fes kf{fomi`es ~izi kx~zkssiz ~kce akfes `ems pm~es `k mflezaiâûks sejzk {a mf`m|á`{e# iakfes `ems pm~es `k mflezaiâûks sejzk {a mf`m|á`{e# i sijkz7 mflezaiâûks sejzk "y{icm`i`ks" ipzmj{á`is i kspk mf`m|á`{e k mflezaiâûks oefokzfkfpks i sijkz7 mflezaiâûks sejzk "y{icm`i`ks" ipzmj{á`is i kspk mf`m|á`{e k mflezaiâûks oefokzfkfpks i "e"e y{k í" 

y{k í" kspk mf`m|á`{e& _kb{mf`e i ezmkfpiâïe ~ze~espi kspk mf`m|á`{e& _kb{mf`e i ezmkfpiâïe ~ze~espi ~ez I{jkfy{k# oeae iomai |maes# e ~ez I{jkfy{k# oeae iomai |maes# e ~zmakmze~zmakmze {se `i ~ici|zi "skz" fes `é kf{fomi`es

{se `i ~ici|zi "skz" fes `é kf{fomi`es `k ipzmj{mâïe`k ipzmj{mâïe# e skb{f`e# kf{fomi`es `k# e skb{f`e# kf{fomi`es `k m`kfpm`i`km`kfpm`i`k (`k(`k

kssçfomi-kssçfomi-:0:0& Í y{ifpe ies kf{fomi`es `e ~zmakmze pm~e y{k oef|ía `kpkzamfiz i |kz`i`k e{& Í y{ifpe ies kf{fomi`es `e ~zmakmze pm~e y{k oef|ía `kpkzamfiz i |kz`i`k e{ licsm`i`k `e y{k kx~zkssia& Es kf{fomi`es `e skb{f`e pm~e `mwka zks~kmpe î `klmfmâïe `es skzks licsm`i`k `e y{k kx~zkssia& Es kf{fomi`es `e skb{f`e pm~e `mwka zks~kmpe î `klmfmâïe `es skzks kfy{ifpe pims# e{ skgi# `mwka zks~kmpe î

kfy{ifpe pims# e{ skgi# `mwka zks~kmpe î s{i kssçfomi# îy{mce y{k es `mspmfb{k `k ae`e kckakfpiz `ess{i kssçfomi# îy{mce y{k es `mspmfb{k `k ae`e kckakfpiz `es e{pzes skzks `k ocissks `mlkzkfpks# k y{k ~kzampk ibz{~é!ces k m`kfpmlmoé!ces oeae kckakfpes `k {ai e{pzes skzks `k ocissks `mlkzkfpks# k y{k ~kzampk ibz{~é!ces k m`kfpmlmoé!ces oeae kckakfpes `k {ai `kpkzamfi`i ocissk# ~e

`kpkzamfi`i ocissk# ~ezía fïe oeae mf`m|á`{es&zía fïe oeae mf`m|á`{es&

^izi Izmspÿpkcks# fïe pka skfpm`e oefsm`kziz es

^izi Izmspÿpkcks# fïe pka skfpm`e oefsm`kziz es kspi`eskspi`es e{e{ ipzmj{pesipzmj{pes `es mf`m|á`{es`es mf`m|á`{es mf`k~kfpk`kfpkakfpk `kspks# ~ems fïe sïe oemsi icb{ai lezi `es mf`m|á`{es& Ezi# kspks ipzmj{pes sÿ mf`k~kfpk`kfpkakfpk `kspks# ~ems fïe sïe oemsi icb{ai lezi `es mf`m|á`{es& Ezi# kspks ipzmj{pes sÿ ~e`ka skz oefsm`kzi`es oeae kxmspmf`e sk kspm|kzka |mfo{ci`es i {a mf`m|á`{e ~izpmo{ciz# ~ems ~e`ka skz oefsm`kzi`es oeae kxmspmf`e sk kspm|kzka |mfo{ci`es i {a mf`m|á`{e ~izpmo{ciz# ~ems sïesïe

e{

e{ kxmspkakxmspka s{jsm`mizmiakfpk# k `kssk ae`e fkokssmpia `k icbe ie y{ic ~essia cmbiz!sk# icbes{jsm`mizmiakfpk# k `kssk ae`e fkokssmpia `k icbe ie y{ic ~essia cmbiz!sk# icbe s{jsmspkfpk# y{k pkfhi {ai kxmspçfomi mf`k~kf`kfpk `kcks

s{jsmspkfpk# y{k pkfhi {ai kxmspçfomi mf`k~kf`kfpk `kcks:;:;& ^ezpifpe# i ~ici|zi "skz"# fe skfpm`e& ^ezpifpe# i ~ici|zi "skz"# fe skfpm`e ~zmakmze `e pkzae# m&k&# fe skfpm`e ka y{k í {pmcmwi`e ~izi kx~zkssiz "e y{k í" e mf`m|á`{e# skzé i ~zmakmze `e pkzae# m&k&# fe skfpm`e ka y{k í {pmcmwi`e ~izi kx~zkssiz "e y{k í" e mf`m|á`{e# skzé i

s{jspêfomi

s{jspêfomi:<:<& & Oeflezak IOeflezak Izmspÿpkcks# y{if`e ""sk `mw y{k "e y{k í szmspÿpkcks# y{if`e ""sk `mw y{k "e y{k í skz mspe" Ti kssçfomiQ í i s{jspêfomikz mspe" Ti kssçfomiQ í i s{jspêfomi `k oi`i oemsi&&&# {ai oemsi ~izpmo{ciz fïe ~izkok skz `mlkzkfpk `k s{i ~zÿ~zmi s{jspêfomi""

`k oi`i oemsi&&&# {ai oemsi ~izpmo{ciz fïe ~izkok skz `mlkzkfpk `k s{i ~zÿ~zmi s{jspêfomi"":2:2# ~ems## ~ems# ""&&&oi`i oemsi ~izpmo{ciz í {fi k m`çfpmoi oea sk{ "e y{k í skz mspe" k fïe ~ez iom`kfpk4 &&& oefhkokz ""&&&oi`i oemsi ~izpmo{ciz í {fi k m`çfpmoi oea sk{ "e y{k í skz mspe" k fïe ~ez iom`kfpk4 &&& oefhkokz {ai oemsi ~izpmo{ciz ky{m|ick i oefhkokz "e y{k í skz kssi oemsi""

{ai oemsi ~izpmo{ciz ky{m|ick i oefhkokz "e y{k í skz kssi oemsi"":8:8& ""Ie oefpzézme# fe y{k sk zklkzk& ""Ie oefpzézme# fe y{k sk zklkzk ie y{k sk `mw ~ez iom`kfpk# &&& fïe í |kz`i`k `mwkz y{k "e y{k í skz mspe" k i oemsi skgia m`çfpmois"" ie y{k sk `mw ~ez iom`kfpk# &&& fïe í |kz`i`k `mwkz y{k "e y{k í skz mspe" k i oemsi skgia m`çfpmois"" :=:=&& ^ems# "" "e y{k í skz oi`i oemsi" í "e y{k sk `mw y{k í ~ez sm"&&& E kf{fomi`e Ti `klmfmâïeQ `k "e y{k í ^ems# "" "e y{k í skz oi`i oemsi" í "e y{k sk `mw y{k í ~ez sm"&&& E kf{fomi`e Ti `klmfmâïeQ `k "e y{k í skz mspe" `k oi`i oemsi í iy{kck y{k kf{fomi i oemsi aksai# i~ksiz `k y{k fe kf{fomi`e fïe sk skz mspe" `k oi`i oemsi í iy{kck y{k kf{fomi i oemsi aksai# i~ksiz `k y{k fe kf{fomi`e fïe sk kx~zkssk i oemsi aksai""

kx~zkssk i oemsi aksai""?>?>& ""I `klmfmâïe k "e y{k í skz mspe" ka skfpm`e ~zmakmze k ijsec{pe í& ""I `klmfmâïe k "e y{k í skz mspe" ka skfpm`e ~zmakmze k ijsec{pe í ~zÿ~zme `is s{jspêfomis""

~zÿ~zme `is s{jspêfomis""?9?9& Ka e{pzis ~ici|zis# i s{jspêfomi fe skfpm`e ~zmakmze `mw zks~kmpe i& Ka e{pzis ~ici|zis# i s{jspêfomi fe skfpm`e ~zmakmze `mw zks~kmpe i

::

:: Mjm`&# 9>:8i 9>&Mjm`&# 9>:8i 9>& :?

:? Mjm`&# 9>:8i 9:&Mjm`&# 9>:8i 9:& :0

:0 Mjm`&# 9>:8i 9;!:>&Mjm`&# 9>:8i 9;!:>& :;

:; Mjm`&# 9>:8i :>!=&Mjm`&# 9>:8i :>!=& :<

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kf{fomi`es y{k kx~zkssia i

kf{fomi`es y{k kx~zkssia i kssçfomikssçfomi `i oemsi ka y{kspïe k fïe es sk{s`i oemsi ka y{kspïe k fïe es sk{s ipzmj{pesipzmj{pes& ^ez kxka~ce#& ^ez kxka~ce# y{if`e sk `é i `klmfmâïe `k {a ejgkpe sk `mw e y{k kck í ksskfomicakfpk# `é!sk i s{jspêfomi `kssk y{if`e sk `é i `klmfmâïe `k {a ejgkpe sk `mw e y{k kck í ksskfomicakfpk# `é!sk i s{jspêfomi `kssk ejgkpe fi `klmfmâïe# e{ skgi# `mw!sk e y{k kck í ~ez sm aksae& Ie oefpzézme# y{if`e sk kf{fomi {a ejgkpe fi `klmfmâïe# e{ skgi# `mw!sk e y{k kck í ~ez sm aksae& Ie oefpzézme# y{if`e sk kf{fomi {a ipzmj{pe `kssk ejgkpe# zklkzk!sk i "e y{k kck í" ~ez iom`kfpk k fïe ksskfomicakfpk& Fkssk oise e ipzmj{pe `kssk ejgkpe# zklkzk!sk i "e y{k kck í" ~ez iom`kfpk k fïe ksskfomicakfpk& Fkssk oise e kf{fomi`e zks{cpifpk í {a kf{fomi`e `k

kf{fomi`e zks{cpifpk í {a kf{fomi`e `k ipzmj{mâïeipzmj{mâïe k fïe `kk fïe `k kssçfomikssçfomi& Y{if`e sk kf{fomi e y{k& Y{if`e sk kf{fomi e y{k {ai oemsi í ka sm aksai fïe sk |mfo{ci kspi oemsi i e{pzi ocissk `k oemsis ais sk `klmfk!i {ai oemsi í ka sm aksai fïe sk |mfo{ci kspi oemsi i e{pzi ocissk `k oemsis ais sk `klmfk!i kfy{ifpe mfpkbzifpk `k {ai ocissk# k ""sÿ sk ~e`k oefhkokz is oemsis kfy{ifpe sk chks `é okzpi kfy{ifpe mfpkbzifpk `k {ai ocissk# k ""sÿ sk ~e`k oefhkokz is oemsis kfy{ifpe sk chks `é okzpi {fm`i`k k m`kfpm`i`k k kfy{ifpe sk chks ~e`k ipzmj{mz {a {fm|kzsic""

{fm`i`k k m`kfpm`i`k k kfy{ifpe sk chks ~e`k ipzmj{mz {a {fm|kzsic""?:?:&&

^izi Izmspÿpkcks# hé {ai ~c{zicm`i`k `k skzks skfsá|kms& K oi`i {a `kssks skzks skfsá|kms# ^izi Izmspÿpkcks# hé {ai ~c{zicm`i`k `k skzks skfsá|kms& K oi`i {a `kssks skzks skfsá|kms# y{k ~e`kaes ~kzokjkz# i~zkskfpi!sk ies fesses skfpm`es `k `mlkzkfpks ae`es ka `mlkzkfpks y{k ~e`kaes ~kzokjkz# i~zkskfpi!sk ies fesses skfpm`es `k `mlkzkfpks ae`es ka `mlkzkfpks aeakfpes& Í ~ez kspi ziwïe y{k e skz sk `mw `k pifpis aifkmzis y{ifpis sk i~zkskfpi& E skz f{a aeakfpes& Í ~ez kspi ziwïe y{k e skz sk `mw `k pifpis aifkmzis y{ifpis sk i~zkskfpi& E skz f{a skfpm`e ~zmakmze zklkzk!sk î s{i kssçfomi ~ezy{k `mw e y{k e skz í# `ksmbfi e

skfpm`e ~zmakmze zklkzk!sk î s{i kssçfomi ~ezy{k `mw e y{k e skz í# `ksmbfi e "mspe" "mspe" ka y{kspïeka y{kspïe????& E& E skz f{a skfpm`e skb{f`e zklkzk!sk îs y{icm`i`ks `e skz# es sk{s ipzmj{pes# es sk{s iom`kfpks& K `k skz f{a skfpm`e skb{f`e zklkzk!sk îs y{icm`i`ks `e skz# es sk{s ipzmj{pes# es sk{s iom`kfpks& K `k pe`es es skfpm`es ka y{k í ka~zkbi`e e skz# e skfpm`e ~zmakmze í ska~zk e y{k ~essmjmcmpi e pe`es es skfpm`es ka y{k í ka~zkbi`e e skz# e skfpm`e ~zmakmze í ska~zk e y{k ~essmjmcmpi e ka~zkbe `es e{pzes# ~ems í sÿ i ~izpmz `i `kpkzamfiâïe `iy{mce y{k í y{k sk ~e`k `mwkz `kspk oeae ka~zkbe `es e{pzes# ~ems í sÿ i ~izpmz `i `kpkzamfiâïe `iy{mce y{k í y{k sk ~e`k `mwkz `kspk oeae í# ef`k kspé# kpo&&& ^ez msse# í fkokssézme ~zmakmze `mwkz

í# ef`k kspé# kpo&&& ^ez msse# í fkokssézme ~zmakmze `mwkz e y{ke y{k i oemsi í ~zmakmzi ki oemsi í ~zmakmzi k mf`k~kf`kfpkakfpk `k p{`e e aims# ~ems e {se

mf`k~kf`kfpkakfpk `k p{`e e aims# ~ems e {se ipzmj{pm|eipzmj{pm|e`e pkzae "skz" ~zkss{~ûk i `kpkzamfiâïe `e`e pkzae "skz" ~zkss{~ûk i `kpkzamfiâïe `e skz fe skfpm`e ~zmakmze# ~zkss{~ûk i

skz fe skfpm`e ~zmakmze# ~zkss{~ûk i `kpkzamfiâïe `k s{i s{jspêfomi# `i s{i`kpkzamfiâïe `k s{i s{jspêfomi# `i s{i kssçfomikssçfomi4 ~ems ma~cmoi i4 ~ems ma~cmoi i i`mâïe `k `{is oemsis# e{ skgi# oefsmspk ka `mwkz y{k i {ai oemsi sk i`momefi e{pzi& Í ~ez kspi ziwïe i`mâïe `k `{is oemsis# e{ skgi# oefsmspk ka `mwkz y{k i {ai oemsi sk i`momefi e{pzi& Í ~ez kspi ziwïe y{k# oeflezak Izmspÿpkcks# sÿ hé

y{k# oeflezak Izmspÿpkcks# sÿ hé "e y{k í skz mspe" "e y{k í skz mspe" ""`k p{`e iy{mce o{ge kf{fomi`e í {ai `klmfmâïe""&""`k p{`e iy{mce o{ge kf{fomi`e í {ai `klmfmâïe""& K sÿ hé `klmfmâïe ""sk e kf{fomi`e e í `k icbe ~zmakmze& Pims sïe pe`es es g{áwes y{k fïe ma~cmoia i K sÿ hé `klmfmâïe ""sk e kf{fomi`e e í `k icbe ~zmakmze& Pims sïe pe`es es g{áwes y{k fïe ma~cmoia i ~zk`moiâïe `k {ai oemsi i e{pzi""& _ÿ hé "e y{k í skz mspe" `k ks~íomks `k {a bçfkze# ~ems ""sÿ kspis ~zk`moiâïe `k {ai oemsi i e{pzi""& _ÿ hé "e y{k í skz mspe" `k ks~íomks `k {a bçfkze# ~ems ""sÿ kspis ~e`ka ~zk`moiz!sk fïe ~ez ~izpmom~iâïe fka oeae ae`mlmoiâïe e{ ~ez iom`kfpk""

~e`ka ~zk`moiz!sk fïe ~ez ~izpmom~iâïe fka oeae ae`mlmoiâïe e{ ~ez iom`kfpk""?0?0& ""I `klmfmâïe k& ""I `klmfmâïe k "e y{k í skz mspe" ka skfpm`e ~zmakmze k ijsec{pe í ~zÿ~zme `is s{jspêfomis""

"e y{k í skz mspe" ka skfpm`e ~zmakmze k ijsec{pe í ~zÿ~zme `is s{jspêfomis""?;?;& ^ezpifpe# í fkokssézme& ^ezpifpe# í fkokssézme ~zmakmze sijkz y{k oemsi í kspi oemsi kfy{ifpe í pic oemsi k fïe e{pzi# ksskfomicakfpk# ~izi sÿ ~zmakmze sijkz y{k oemsi í kspi oemsi kfy{ifpe í pic oemsi k fïe e{pzi# ksskfomicakfpk# ~izi sÿ `k~ems sijkz y{k e{pzis oemsis aims kci ~e`k skz# sko{f`ézmi# iom`kfpic k ~zk`moipm|iakfpk `k~ems sijkz y{k e{pzis oemsis aims kci ~e`k skz# sko{f`ézmi# iom`kfpic k ~zk`moipm|iakfpk ((ipzmj{pm|iakfpkipzmj{pm|iakfpk-# ~ems ~izi Izmspÿpkcks# i s{jspêfomi í ~zmakmzi ~ezy{k ""fïe sk ~zk`moi `k {a-# ~ems ~izi Izmspÿpkcks# i s{jspêfomi í ~zmakmzi ~ezy{k ""fïe sk ~zk`moi `k {a s{gkmpe""# ~ezía# í `kci y{k p{`e aims í ~zk`moi`e# í i kci i y{k p{`e í ipzmj{á`e

s{gkmpe""# ~ezía# í `kci y{k p{`e aims í ~zk`moi`e# í i kci i y{k p{`e í ipzmj{á`e ?<?<& I ""s{jspêfomi í& I ""s{jspêfomi í iy{kci ~zmakmzi oemsi ka y{k"" pe`is ""is ilkoâûks sk `ïe""

iy{kci ~zmakmzi oemsi ka y{k"" pe`is ""is ilkoâûks sk `ïe""?2?2& K# ~izi Izmspÿpkcks# icbe í `mpe ~zmakmze& K# ~izi Izmspÿpkcks# icbe í `mpe ~zmakmze ka |ézmes skfpm`es7 fe skfpm`e `k skz akfomefi`e ifpks

ka |ézmes skfpm`es7 fe skfpm`e `k skz akfomefi`e ifpks  ‐  ‐ fe kf{fomi`efe kf{fomi`e ‐  ‐ # fe skfpm`e `k skz# fe skfpm`e `k skz ~kzokjm`e ifpks

~kzokjm`e ifpks ‐  ‐ fe oefhkomakfpefe oefhkomakfpe ‐  ‐ k fe skfpm`e `k kxmspmz ifpksk fe skfpm`e `k kxmspmz ifpks ‐  ‐ fe pka~efe pka~e?8?8& I "s{jspêfomi" í& I "s{jspêfomi" í `mpi "~zmakmzi" ka pe`es es skfpm`es7 í ~zmakmzi fe kf{fomi`e# ~ezy{k y{if`e kf{fomiaes# ~ez `mpi "~zmakmzi" ka pe`es es skfpm`es7 í ~zmakmzi fe kf{fomi`e# ~ezy{k y{if`e kf{fomiaes# ~ez kxka~ce# i y{icm`i`k `k {ai oemsi# kspi kf{fomiâïe kspé |mfo{ci`i î kf{fomiâïe `k s{i s{jspêfomi4 kxka~ce# i y{icm`i`k `k {ai oemsi# kspi kf{fomiâïe kspé |mfo{ci`i î kf{fomiâïe `k s{i s{jspêfomi4 k í ~zmakmzi fe oefhkomakfpe# ~ezy{k sÿ ~e`kaes oefhkokz {ai oemsi y{if`e sijkaes "e y{k" kspi k í ~zmakmzi fe oefhkomakfpe# ~ezy{k sÿ ~e`kaes oefhkokz {ai oemsi y{if`e sijkaes "e y{k" kspi oemsi í

oemsi í ?=?=&&

M\& ^izi Izmspÿpkcks# i mf|kspmbiâïe iokzoi `e oefokmpe `k s{jspêfomi `k|k oeakâiz ~kcis M\& ^izi Izmspÿpkcks# i mf|kspmbiâïe iokzoi `e oefokmpe `k s{jspêfomi `k|k oeakâiz ~kcis s{jspêfomis skfsá|kms# ~ezy{k sïe is aims oebfesoá|kms ~izi fÿs

s{jspêfomis skfsá|kms# ~ezy{k sïe is aims oebfesoá|kms ~izi fÿs0>0>& [ai s{jspêfomi skfsá|kc í# ka& [ai s{jspêfomi skfsá|kc í# ka

?:

?: Mjm`&# ===i :2!?>&Mjm`&# ===i :2!?>& ??

?? Ol& Izmspÿpkcks#""(&&&- "e y{k í skz mspe" k e mf`m|á`{e# ka icb{fs oises# sïe e aksae# pic oeae eoezzk fisOl& Izmspÿpkcks#""(&&&- "e y{k í skz mspe" k e mf`m|á`{e# ka icb{fs oises# sïe e aksae# pic oeae eoezzk fis

s{jspêfomis ~zmakmzis# oeae í e oise `i o{z|ip{zi k "e y{k í o{z|ip{zi"# sk i o{z|ip{zi í ~zmakmzi& ^ez s{jspêfomis ~zmakmzis# oeae í e oise `i o{z|ip{zi k "e y{k í o{z|ip{zi"# sk i o{z|ip{zi í ~zmakmzi& ^ez "~zmakmzi" kfpkf`e i y{k fïe ilmzai y{k {ai oemsi kspé ka e{pzi fka ka {a s{jspzipe oefsm`kzi`e oeae "~zmakmzi" kfpkf`e i y{k fïe ilmzai y{k {ai oemsi kspé ka e{pzi fka ka {a s{jspzipe oefsm`kzi`e oeae aipízmi""& E~&omp&# 9>?2j 9!0&

aipízmi""& E~&omp&# 9>?2j 9!0&

?0

?0 Mjm`&# 9>?>i ;!90&Mjm`&# 9>?>i ;!90& ?;

(12)

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okzpe skfpm`e ""aipízmi T~epçfomiQ# ka e{pze# oeflmb{ziâïe TlezaiQ k ipm|m`i`k# k f{a pkzokmze okzpe skfpm`e ""aipízmi T~epçfomiQ# ka e{pze# oeflmb{ziâïe TlezaiQ k ipm|m`i`k# k f{a pkzokmze skfpm`e# e oea~espe `k iajis""

skfpm`e# e oea~espe `k iajis""0909& ^izi Izmspÿpkcks# pe`e skz skfsá|kc& ^izi Izmspÿpkcks# pe`e skz skfsá|kc ‐  ‐ pifpe e y{k ~e`k skfpmzpifpe e y{k ~e`k skfpmz oeae e y{k ~e`k skz skfpm`e (pe`i s{jspêfomi

skfsá|kc-oeae e y{k ~e`k skz skfpm`e (pe`i s{jspêfomi skfsá|kc- ‐  ‐ íí oea~espeoea~espe `k {ai`k {ai aipízmiaipízmi0:0: k `k {aik `k {ai

 lezai

 lezai4 k í ~ez mfpkzaí`me `kspi lezai y{k ~e`kaes ~kzokjkz es skzks oeae `mspmfpes {fs `es4 k í ~ez mfpkzaí`me `kspi lezai y{k ~e`kaes ~kzokjkz es skzks oeae `mspmfpes {fs `es e{pzes4 ""í skb{f`e i lezai y{k oefhkokaes p{`e""

e{pzes4 ""í skb{f`e i lezai y{k oefhkokaes p{`e""0?0?& Peakaes# oeae kxka~ce `k {ai s{jspêfomi& Peakaes# oeae kxka~ce `k {ai s{jspêfomi skfsá|kc ~izi ifécmsk# e ak{

skfsá|kc ~izi ifécmsk# e ak{ bipebipe# k i`ampiaes ibezi y{k k{ fïe simji fi`i sejzk kck k y{k `kskgk# k i`ampiaes ibezi y{k k{ fïe simji fi`i sejzk kck k y{k `kskgk oefhkoç!ce& _{~ef`e# ~izi es lmfs `kspi mc{spziâïe# y{k k{ fïe simji "

oefhkoç!ce& _{~ef`e# ~izi es lmfs `kspi mc{spziâïe# y{k k{ fïe simji "e y{ke y{k" ak{ bipe í# ais i~kfis" ak{ bipe í# ais i~kfis ""y{k kck í"#y{k kck í"# zklkzmz!ak!km i kck oeae ""kspkzklkzmz!ak!km i kck oeae ""kspkjmohejmohe y{k `ezak ka omai `e ak{ selé""# e{ akchez# ""kspky{k `ezak ka omai `e ak{ selé""# e{ akchez# ""kspk

icbe

icbe y{ky{k kspékspé ka omai `e ak{ selé""ka omai `e ak{ selé"" ‐  ‐ ~ezy{k ~ezy{k fïe fïe `k|e `k|e sijkz sijkz sk sk í í {a{a jmohejmohe k fka y{kk fka y{k `ezak&`ezak&

^ezpifpe# ~izpmf`e `e ~zmfoá~me `k y{k kck kxmspk

^ezpifpe# ~izpmf`e `e ~zmfoá~me `k y{k kck kxmspk ‐  ‐ ~izi ama~izi ama ‐  ‐ oeae {aoeae {a icbe `kpkzamfi`eicbe `kpkzamfi`e# ais# ais y{k imf`i fïe skm e y{k í# ~kzb{fpizkm ""e

y{k imf`i fïe skm e y{k í# ~kzb{fpizkm ""e y{k í y{k í kspkkspk icbeicbe y{ky{k kspékspé ka omai `e selé5""& Oeflezakka omai `e selé5""& Oeflezak Izmspÿpkcks# i zks~espi i kspi ~kzb{fpi `k|k `iz i

Izmspÿpkcks# i zks~espi i kspi ~kzb{fpi `k|k `iz i s{jspêfomis{jspêfomi `kspk`kspk icbe#icbe# `k|k `klmfm!ce fiy{mce y{k`k|k `klmfm!ce fiy{mce y{k kck pka `k

kck pka `k ksskfomicksskfomic& Ais ka y{k oefsmspk i& Ais ka y{k oefsmspk i `klmfmâïe`klmfmâïe `k icbe5 _kb{f`e Izmspÿpkcks# i`k icbe5 _kb{f`e Izmspÿpkcks# i `klmfmâïe`klmfmâïe

oefsmspk f{a

oefsmspk f{a kf{fomi`ekf{fomi`e y{k `k|k i~zkskfpiz {ai ~ze~zmk`i`k l{f`iakfpic `ey{k `k|k i~zkskfpiz {ai ~ze~zmk`i`k l{f`iakfpic `e icbeicbe ka y{kspïe4 íka y{kspïe4 í fkokssézme# ~ezpifpe# ""oefhkokz es bçfkzes `is `mlkzkfâis# ~ems kspks skzïe ~zmfoá~mes `e skz"" fkokssézme# ~ezpifpe# ""oefhkokz es bçfkzes `is `mlkzkfâis# ~ems kspks skzïe ~zmfoá~mes `e skz""0000&& @izkm# mfmomicakfpk# kfpïe# oeae `klmfmâïe `e ""kspk

@izkm# mfmomicakfpk# kfpïe# oeae `klmfmâïe `e ""kspk icbeicbe y{k kspé fe selé"" e skb{mfpk7 kspky{k kspé fe selé"" e skb{mfpk7 kspk icbeicbe íí

(ky{m|ickfpk-(ky{m|ickfpk- ii {a ifmaic&{a ifmaic& _{jspmp{mf`e e pkzae "icbe" ~kce pkzae "ifmaic" fe kf{fomi`e `i_{jspmp{mf`e e pkzae "icbe" ~kce pkzae "ifmaic" fe kf{fomi`e `i ~kzb{fpi# pkzkaes7 ""e y{k í kspk ifmaic y{k kspé fe selé5""& ^esse ~kzb{fpiz# i skb{mz sk i ~kzb{fpi# pkzkaes7 ""e y{k í kspk ifmaic y{k kspé fe selé5""& ^esse ~kzb{fpiz# i skb{mz sk i s{jspmp{mâïe `e pkzae mf`klmfm`e

s{jspmp{mâïe `e pkzae mf`klmfm`e "icbe" "icbe" ~kce pkzae~kce pkzae "ifmaic" "ifmaic" zks~ef`k î ~kzb{fpi iokzoi `k "zks~ef`k î ~kzb{fpi iokzoi `k "e y{k kcke y{k kck í"&

í"& Ka ~izpk# sma# ~ems e y{k i ~ici|zi "ifmaic"Ka ~izpk# sma# ~ems e y{k i ~ici|zi "ifmaic" `mw iokzoi `e skz y{k kspé sejzk e selé í#`mw iokzoi `e skz y{k kspé sejzk e selé í# l{f`iakfpicakfpk# y{k kspk skz kxmspkfpk pka ka sm e ~zmfoá~me `e sk{ ae|makfpe# pka icai# í l{f`iakfpicakfpk# y{k kspk skz kxmspkfpk pka ka sm e ~zmfoá~me `e sk{ ae|makfpe# pka icai# í ifmai`e& Ezi# ~izi Izmspÿpkcks# ""i icai `es ifmaims (y{k í i s{jspêfomi `e skz ifmai`e- í i ifmai`e& Ezi# ~izi Izmspÿpkcks# ""i icai `es ifmaims (y{k í i s{jspêfomi `e skz ifmai`e- í i s{jspêfomi skb{f`e e kf{fomi`e Ti `klmfmâïeQ""

s{jspêfomi skb{f`e e kf{fomi`e Ti `klmfmâïeQ""0;0;& E y{& E y{k e pkzae k e pkzae "ifmaic" liw y{if`"ifmaic" liw y{if`e e e e isseomiaesisseomiaes ie

ie kspk icbekspk icbe ka y{kspïe í oeflkzmz!chk# ~ezpifpe# {ai ~ze~zmk`i`k y{k chk í ksskfomic k y{k feska y{kspïe í oeflkzmz!chk# ~ezpifpe# {ai ~ze~zmk`i`k y{k chk í ksskfomic k y{k fes ~kzampk `mspmfb{m!ce mfmomicakfpk `k {a ska!f÷akze `k e{pzes y{k fïe i ~ess{ka& Ka e{pzis ~kzampk `mspmfb{m!ce mfmomicakfpk `k {a ska!f÷akze `k e{pzes y{k fïe i ~ess{ka& Ka e{pzis ~ici|zis# e y{k kspk pkzae (feâïe- fes `é í i ocissk aims bkzic î y{ic kspk

~ici|zis# e y{k kspk pkzae (feâïe- fes `é í i ocissk aims bkzic î y{ic kspk skz skz ~kzpkfok# i sijkz# e~kzpkfok# i sijkz# e sk{

sk{ bçfkzebçfkze&&

\iaes# ibezi# zkksozk|kz e kf{fomi`e `i ~kzb{fpi ""e y{k í kspk

\iaes# ibezi# zkksozk|kz e kf{fomi`e `i ~kzb{fpi ""e y{k í kspk ifmaicifmaic y{k kspé fe selé5"" oeaey{k kspé fe selé5"" oeae ""y{k

""y{k ifmaicifmaic í kspk y{k kspé fe selé5""& Oefsm`kzi`e `kssk ae`e "ifmaic" iy{m ~e`k zkakpkz i {aí kspk y{k kspé fe selé5""& Oefsm`kzi`e `kssk ae`e "ifmaic" iy{m ~e`k zkakpkz i {a ska!f÷akze `k skzks y{k ~ess{ka kssi ~ze~zmk`i`k ksskfomic# m&k&# y{k ~kzpkfoka i kspi

ska!f÷akze `k skzks y{k ~ess{ka kssi ~ze~zmk`i`k ksskfomic# m&k&# y{k ~kzpkfoka i kspi ocisskocissk `k`k skzks4 ~ez kxka~ce7 k{ aksae# {a oi|ice# {a oiohezze# {a zipe# {a ~éssize# {a bipe# kpo& I skzks4 ~ez kxka~ce7 k{ aksae# {a oi|ice# {a oiohezze# {a zipe# {a ~éssize# {a bipe# kpo& I `klmfmâïe `kspk

`klmfmâïe `kspk ifmaicifmaic `k|k i~zkskfpiz icbe aims y{k ~kzampi sijkz e y{k kck í# y{k `mbi y{k pm~e`k|k i~zkskfpiz icbe aims y{k ~kzampi sijkz e y{k kck í# y{k `mbi y{k pm~e `k ifmaic í

`k ifmaic í ksskkssk& I fessi ~kzb{fpi mfmomic# oea s{i ip{ic leza{ciâïe& I fessi ~kzb{fpi mfmomic# oea s{i ip{ic leza{ciâïe ‐  ‐ ""y{k""y{k ifmaicifmaic í kspk5""í kspk5"" ‐  ‐ # fes# fes ~k`k ibezi mflezaiâûks aims ~zkomsis sejzk e

~k`k ibezi mflezaiâûks aims ~zkomsis sejzk e ifmaicifmaic ka y{kspïe& I zks~espi i kspi fe|ika y{kspïe& I zks~espi i kspi fe|i leza{ciâïe fes `k|k `iz is `mlkzkfâis ~ko{cmizks i kck y{k fes ~kzampka `mlkzkfomé!ce `k e{pzes leza{ciâïe fes `k|k `iz is `mlkzkfâis ~ko{cmizks i kck y{k fes ~kzampka `mlkzkfomé!ce `k e{pzes pm~es `k ifmaims

pm~es `k ifmaims0<0<4 kspi zks~espi `k|k fes `iz i4 kspi zks~espi `k|k fes `iz i ks~íomkks~íomk i y{k kck ~kzpkfok# `k|k `klmfm!ce skb{f`ei y{k kck ~kzpkfok# `k|k `klmfm!ce skb{f`e

09

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s{i

s{i lezai lezai# s{i# s{i oeflmb{ziâïe#oeflmb{ziâïe# ~ems# oeflezak Izmspÿpkcks# ""e kf{fomi`e Ti `klmfmâïeQ y{k sk leza{ci~ems# oeflezak Izmspÿpkcks# ""e kf{fomi`e Ti `klmfmâïeQ y{k sk leza{ci sejzk i jisk `is `mlkzkfâis ~izkok kx~zkssiz i lezai k i ipm|m`i`k# kfy{ifpe y{k e y{k sk leza{ci sejzk i jisk `is `mlkzkfâis ~izkok kx~zkssiz i lezai k i ipm|m`i`k# kfy{ifpe y{k e y{k sk leza{ci ~izpmf`e `es kckakfpes mfkzkfpks î oemsi í e `i aipízmi""

~izpmf`e `es kckakfpes mfkzkfpks î oemsi í e `i aipízmi""0202& Ipzi|ís `i ejskz|iâïe aims ipkfpi `k& Ipzi|ís `i ejskz|iâïe aims ipkfpi `k s{i

s{i lezailezai# # `i`i oeflmb{ziâïeoeflmb{ziâïe `k s{i`k s{i aipízmiaipízmi (e ae`e oeae kci sk kfoefpzi izzifgi`i-# |kzmlmoiaes(e ae`e oeae kci sk kfoefpzi izzifgi`i-# |kzmlmoiaes y{k kck i~zkskfpi y{ipze ~ipis& Iozksokfpkaes ie

y{k kck i~zkskfpi y{ipze ~ipis& Iozksokfpkaes ie ifmaicifmaic kfpïe e pziâe "y{i`z÷~k`k"& E y{k pkaes#kfpïe e pziâe "y{i`z÷~k`k"& E y{k pkaes# ibezi# í e skb{mfpk7 ""hé {a

ibezi# í e skb{mfpk7 ""hé {a ifmaic y{i`z÷~k`kifmaic y{i`z÷~k`k fe selé""& E iozísomae `kspk pziâe# `kssife selé""& E iozísomae `kspk pziâe# `kssi oiziopkzáspmoi lezaic# y{k e

oiziopkzáspmoi lezaic# y{k e ifmaicifmaic i~zkskfpi ak ~kzampk sijkz icbe aims iokzoi `kck y{k k{ fïei~zkskfpi ak ~kzampk sijkz icbe aims iokzoi `kck y{k k{ fïe sijmi# k ibezi ~esse omzo{fsozk|kz akchez e `eaáfme `k skzks y{k ~e`ka skz oejkzpes ~ez kspi sijmi# k ibezi ~esse omzo{fsozk|kz akchez e `eaáfme `k skzks y{k ~e`ka skz oejkzpes ~ez kspi `klmfmâïe# i sijkz# "pe`es es ifmaims `k y{ipze ~ipis"& ^ems jka# ais imf`i fïe pkfhe pe`i i zks~espi `klmfmâïe# i sijkz# "pe`es es ifmaims `k y{ipze ~ipis"& ^ems jka# ais imf`i fïe pkfhe pe`i i zks~espi î ~kzb{fpi iokzoi `e

î ~kzb{fpi iokzoi `e icbeicbe y{k kspé fe selé& Ibezi# sk ejskz|izaes aims {ai |kw i oeflmb{ziâïey{k kspé fe selé& Ibezi# sk ejskz|izaes aims {ai |kw i oeflmb{ziâïe `kspk

`kspk ifmaicifmaic |kzmlmoizkaes y{k kck i~zkskfpi ~çces& Iozksokfpkaes kfpïe îs ifpkzmezks|kzmlmoizkaes y{k kck i~zkskfpi ~çces& Iozksokfpkaes kfpïe îs ifpkzmezks `kpkzamfiâûks `kspk

`kpkzamfiâûks `kspk ifmaicifmaic aims {ai# i sijkz# e pziâeaims {ai# i sijkz# e pziâe "~kc{`e"&"~kc{`e"& Pkaes ibezi e skb{mfpk7 ""Pkaes ibezi e skb{mfpk7 ""ifmaicifmaic y{i`z÷~k`k ~kc{`e

y{i`z÷~k`k ~kc{`e""& Hé# ~ezpifpe# {a""& Hé# ~ezpifpe# {a ifmaic y{i`z÷~k`k ~kc{`eifmaic y{i`z÷~k`k ~kc{`e fe selé& E ae`e oeae skfe selé& E ae`e oeae sk i~zkskfpi leza{ci`i# i `klmfmâïe imf`i fïe zks~ef`k sipmslipezmiakfpk î ~kzb{fpi& Í fkokssézme y{k i~zkskfpi leza{ci`i# i `klmfmâïe imf`i fïe zks~ef`k sipmslipezmiakfpk î ~kzb{fpi& Í fkokssézme y{k kci i~zkskfpk {ai oiziopkzáspmoi# {ai ~ze~zmk`i`k# {a pziâe i aims# y{k ~kzampi `mlkzkfomé!ce `k kci i~zkskfpk {ai oiziopkzáspmoi# {ai ~ze~zmk`i`k# {a pziâe i aims# y{k ~kzampi `mlkzkfomé!ce `k pe`es es ifmaims y{i`z÷~k`ks ~kc{`es# ~ems hé {a bzif`k f÷akze `k ocissks `k skzks y{k ~e`ka pe`es es ifmaims y{i`z÷~k`ks ~kc{`es# ~ems hé {a bzif`k f÷akze `k ocissks `k skzks y{k ~e`ka skz ksskfomicakfpk issma `ksozmpis& ^ez kxka~ce# e oi|ice# e oiohezze# e bipe&&& sïe pe`es ifmaims skz ksskfomicakfpk issma `ksozmpis& ^ez kxka~ce# e oi|ice# e oiohezze# e bipe&&& sïe pe`es ifmaims y{i`z÷~k`ks k ~kc{`es# ~ezía# ~kzpkfoka i ocissks (ks~íomks- `mlkzkfpks7 kyómfes# oifmfes k lkcmfes# y{i`z÷~k`ks k ~kc{`es# ~ezía# ~kzpkfoka i ocissks (ks~íomks- `mlkzkfpks7 kyómfes# oifmfes k lkcmfes# zks~kopm|iakfpk& Y{ic ~e`kzmi skz kfpïe {ai `mlkzkfâi `mlkzkfomi`ezi kfpzk {a

zks~kopm|iakfpk& Y{ic ~e`kzmi skz kfpïe {ai `mlkzkfâi `mlkzkfomi`ezi kfpzk {aifmaic oifmfeifmaic oifmfe k {ak {a

 lkcmfe

 lkcmfe# e{ skgi# kfpzk {a oiohezze k {a bipe5 E ami`e k e cipm`e# ~ems e oiohezze fïe# e{ skgi# kfpzk {a oiohezze k {a bipe5 E ami`e k e cipm`e# ~ems e oiohezze fïe amiami# ais# ais cipkcipk## k e bipe fïe

k e bipe fïe cipkcipk# ais# ais amiami& ^izi fesse {se# `mbiaes kfpïe y{k {ai `mlkzkfâi `mlkzkfomi`ezi k& ^izi fesse {se# `mbiaes kfpïe y{k {ai `mlkzkfâi `mlkzkfomi`ezi k ÷cpmai kfpzk oiohezzes k bipes skgi e ami`e k e cipm`e& _k í issma# kfpïe {ai

÷cpmai kfpzk oiohezzes k bipes skgi e ami`e k e cipm`e& _k í issma# kfpïe {ai `klmfmâïe`klmfmâïe `k`k oiohezzeoiohezze

skzmi7 ""ifmaic y{i`z÷~k`

skzmi7 ""ifmaic y{i`z÷~k`k ~kc{`e k ~kc{`e cipm`ez (y{k ccipm`ez (y{k cipk-""4 k {aiipk-""4 k {ai`klmfmâïe`klmfmâïe `k`k bipebipe7 ""ifmaic y{i`z÷~k`k7 ""ifmaic y{i`z÷~k`k ~kc{`e ami`ez (y{k ami-""&

~kc{`e ami`ez (y{k ami-""&

@k ~essk `kssk ck|ifpiakfpe `k pziâes# |ecpkaes î ~kzb{fpi mfmomic k i leza{ckaes `e skb{mfpk @k ~essk `kssk ck|ifpiakfpe `k pziâes# |ecpkaes î ~kzb{fpi mfmomic k i leza{ckaes `e skb{mfpk ae`e7 ""kspk

ae`e7 ""kspk icbeicbe ‐  ‐ e ifmaic y{i`z÷~k`k ~kc{`ee ifmaic y{i`z÷~k`k ~kc{`e ‐  ‐ fe selé í {afe selé í {a oiohezzeoiohezze e{ í {ae{ í {a bipebipe5""& Ka5""& Ka e{pzis ~ici|zis# e

e{pzis ~ici|zis# e ifmaicifmaic ka omai `e seléka omai `e selé cipkcipk e{e{ amiami5 Ami& ^ezpifpe# iy{kck5 Ami& ^ezpifpe# iy{kck icbeicbe y{k kspé fe seléy{k kspé fe selé í

í {a{a bipebipe0808& Ais& Ais "bipe" "bipe"  ‐  ‐ e{ "ifmaic y{i`z÷~k`k ~kc{`e ami`ez"e{ "ifmaic y{i`z÷~k`k ~kc{`e ami`ez" ‐  ‐ `klmfk`klmfk e icbee icbe ~izpmo{ciz y{k~izpmo{ciz y{k kspé fe selé5

kspé fe selé5 Fïe& ^zmakmze# ~Fïe& ^zmakmze# ~ezy{k# ~izi Izmezy{k# ~izi Izmspÿpkcks# sÿ hé spÿpkcks# sÿ hé kf{fomi`e (`klmkf{fomi`e (`klmfmâïe- `e {fm|fmâïe- `e {fm|kzsic#kzsic# ~izi kck fïe í ~essá|kc `klmfmz e skz mf`m|m`{ic# ~ems e kf{fomi`e `klmfk i lezai ksskfomic `e skz# ~izi kck fïe í ~essá|kc `klmfmz e skz mf`m|m`{ic# ~ems e kf{fomi`e `klmfk i lezai ksskfomic `e skz# ""~ezy{k e oázo{ce k "e y{k í skz oázo{ce"# i icai k "e y{k í skz icai"# sïe {ai aksai oemsi& Ais# i ""~ezy{k e oázo{ce k "e y{k í skz oázo{ce"# i icai k "e y{k í skz icai"# sïe {ai aksai oemsi& Ais# i zks~kmpe&&& `es mf`m|á`{es ~izpmo{cizks# &&&`kcks fïe hé `klmfmâïe# ~ems sk es oefhkok ~ez mfpkckoâïe zks~kmpe&&& `es mf`m|á`{es ~izpmo{cizks# &&&`kcks fïe hé `klmfmâïe# ~ems sk es oefhkok ~ez mfpkckoâïe e{ ~ez skfsiâïe""

e{ ~ez skfsiâïe""0=0=& Icía `e aims# oeflezak Izmspÿpkcks#"" "heaka"# "oi|ice" k e{pzis ~ici|zis& Icía `e aims# oeflezak Izmspÿpkcks#"" "heaka"# "oi|ice" k e{pzis ~ici|zis ka~zkbi`is ~izi `ksmbfiz es ~izpmo{cizks `k ae`e {fm|kzsic# fïe sïe s{jspêfomis# skfïe okzpe pm~e ka~zkbi`is ~izi `ksmbfiz es ~izpmo{cizks `k ae`e {fm|kzsic# fïe sïe s{jspêfomis# skfïe okzpe pm~e `k oea~espe mfpkbzi`e ~ez kspi feâïe `kpkzamfi`i k kspi aipízmi `kpkzamfi`i oefsm`kzi`is `k oea~espe mfpkbzi`e ~ez kspi feâïe `kpkzamfi`i k kspi aipízmi `kpkzamfi`i oefsm`kzi`is

heaka# e kf{fomi`e `i icai# ~ezy{k i s{jspêfmoi í i lezai maifkfpk# k sk ohiai s{jspêfomi e pe`e heaka# e kf{fomi`e `i icai# ~ezy{k i s{jspêfmoi í i lezai maifkfpk# k sk ohiai s{jspêfomi e pe`e

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