Post school adjustment of the visually handicapped

168 

Loading.... (view fulltext now)

Loading....

Loading....

Loading....

Loading....

Full text

(1)
(2)

'" «> 1 '"

..

..

..

..

..

..

It 'It III

..

..

.. ..

..

• 1

..

..

.. ..

..

..

..

«>

..

3

..

..

..

.. ..

<II

..

..

.,

..

..

'"

..

'" to ?

<I> III

..

..

..

..

..

II< OIl

..

7

'" '" It

..

..

..

OIl

..

<I> It <I>

..

II

..

.. ..

..

It 8

..

..

..

It

..

..

..

«>

..

It

..

..

9

.. ..

..

«>

..

It It It

..

<II

..

..

«> 9

..

.. ..

..

..

..

1

..

.. ..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. ..

..

..

.. ..

1

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. .. .. ..

..

.. ..

10

..

..

..

..

..

..

I>

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

12

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

"

.. ..

16

.. ..

.. .. ..

!II

..

..

!II !II

..

..

..

!II 19

..

!II

.. .. ..

If If

..

If

..

..

..

<II

..

..

!II

"

..

..

'"

..

..

..

'" '" '"

.. ..

..

..

..

'"

..

I I I .. e

..

'" '"

..

'"

'"

..

'"

..

..

..

..

..

'"

..

.. ..

!II III 31

..

!II !II !II II

(3)

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

• • • • • • • • • •

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 51 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

• • •

s • • • • • 57

(4)

..

..

.. ..

.. ..

.. ..

II>

..

II>

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. ..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

III

..

III

..

..

..

..

..

..

'1

.. ..

..

<II

..

.. .. ..

III

.. ..

..

..

..

.. ..

..

..

..

..

.. ..

..

..

.. ..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. ..

..

..

..

.. ..

..

..

.. ..

..

..

.. ..

..

..

.. ..

If If

..

.. ..

..

..

.. ..

..

..

.. ..

..

.. ..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. ..

..

..

..

..

.. .. .. .. ..

..

..

lit

.. .. ..

..

..

..

.. ..

..

..

..

..

lit

..

..

..

..

.. ..

..

..

..

..

..

It

..

..

It

..

..

..

..

..

97

(5)

v

l1li fI>

..

..

..

..

..

.. ..

III

..

..

..

..

..

1

..

'"

..

<If

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

1

..

..

.. ..

..

1

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. ..

1

..

.. ..

..

..

..

..

..

..

1

.. .. ..

..

.. ..

..

..

..

1

..

..

..

l1li

..

..

.. ..

.. ..

1

..

l1li It It l1li l1li

..

III

..

..

..

111

It

..

It

..

..

..

ill

..

<I>

..

..

..

..

.. ..

<II 111

..

..

.. ..

.. ..

..

.. ..

..

..

..

115

..

..

..

..

..

1

..

.. .. ..

..

..

..

..

..

..

It •

..

..

..

1

(6)

I ..

rn

IS 1.

..

..

I I .. rn

..

..

..

II>

..

..

..

II>

"

..

..

..

..

S IS

V"

..

..

..

..

..

..

0

..

..

.. ..

I .. II>

..

..

..

..

..

"

..

II>

..

II .,

t II

..

..

II>

..

h t

II

..

II

..

.,

..

..

..

.. ..

..

.,

.. ..

..

..

..

th Fitt

• •

..

..

"

..

..

t

..

..

..

II

..

ill

.. ..

"

..

10

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

.. ..

II> II>

.. ..

..

..

.. ..

..

..

II .,

..

..

..

"

..

..

"

..

..

..

..

"

..

..

"

'a

" "

..

"

..

" "

..

..

III

..

..

.. II>

..

"

..

"

..

II

..

.,

II II

..

..

..

" " •

..

III II> " " II>

..

..

..

..

1

1

1

(7)
(8)

t

s

t some

and

t d

contI"

a

t COll

S

,

come to t at

hour 1"8

in t t I. aI'S to 1. It 9 to 1

)

rsons

re "

a vari

1

f

t

0

a s ed Qommun 1. 1

1-1, 1

un

t I'

,

to t

9 t

8

,

to

t

(9)

t t to

..

i

..

t

~nmm:nn, even t

o

(10)

t

B t

t

..

t

1

I

t

2

(11)

4

an B 1

t

1

(12)

t

1

t

o~

leen 8S an

one

to 1

on

1

t

5

1 t

or

t se

an

an en

(13)

o t

t reOD

If'

t i

i

t t t

t

t

t t

n

(14)

or a t 1 5 "

to t

t

"

8 i

t

..

,

"

t

'1

t

re us d

..

1 7 v t t rIDS

(15)

t

or

t

or

t

on

r

(16)

t

to

to

a

• v

ti

t t

1

t

..

t

tel's.

9

, on

y

to t

1s

en

(17)

t

t

aer

t

t

I ..

t

v

'I re

I I t a evers t s t i

iODa

,

iOD

t

rao 1

te

t

a

oaD

a to

ons, p ure

t a e

(18)

BO

own B

8

t

or t

v "

II our t B V

i . It

ees l'

vi

,

..

3. It is a t

t

or $

..

t v

cau

cent

on trave

.

,

t

t

re rea

,

11

t

(19)

b t c 2. r6 18 t to t • v

, or t t

t

1 vi

t t

v

t

I

are resl

v

..

t t

(20)

or res

..

1 1 t a VOO8

..

e ret v 1r to t ae" 1

..

rson8, au

t

t v

t t

return

It or

(21)

I

t

I

..

i1

can reau

t t

t

can

t

t

t

t t t

t

l' 01

t 1 t t t 14

t 1

10D

(22)

15

to t

t

..

essen

(23)

v

it

ra-mural aerY

rae

It

,

1

t

necea-i

(24)

17

eo,

t

,

(25)

18 n

vi

sarv

I

Unit

BO 688

101'8

re

S te8

1 8

l'

s a

t 'JI

on ial

y t

t

rammas

t visue

e ttend

d to beoome

sume

1

8.

h

d. sis

nurse

va

elloea

1'8 t

10 se :

(26)

1

..

In

t v

e

,

is

t b. t g h t

re to t t ace ty ..

t '1

d s t soc t

t 1

" g

one .,ear!"

In

1 a new

t co t e er waa

te

..

In 1 t Inati te

at! 1t became t

r

(27)

11

I

t 1

i

1

• 1 ..

t

t

(28)
(29)

tt

..

1

t

..

re

(30)

1

"15 T 1 t

t t

U t , t

t e t

t to

re

1 1 on

t

(31)

---..

1

at

1

source

co-• new

to

II seryes

(32)

I

10

..

t i

1 1 been s 10

o

..

t 8: an It 1

ttl v

t

h in

t

t

t1 te

(33)

26

r lying "to e gra t xtent on public eympethy.,,16 Th

situ tion ho changed:

Today' modern concept is to r pl ec the trAditional

trades nd to orne extent, follow industry, by using

a much lechinory £IS pos 1bl to produo 1'00 8 that

re required by th com unity, that h ve ales

valu b cause of th lr qu l ' ty flnd du reb!li ty." 17

Plaotice h v r uc d d m nd for ane work, nd

there h s been a diversif1c tioD of producto inoluding

nuf ctur 6 d s e bly of t el vi~ ion serial , wire

coat hanger , nurs ry swing , c ne on pI etio furnitur ,

coil' ata, nd a variety of p ck ging and a se. bly work.

So Ie h is is being place OD th tr tining funotion of t h work hops, so h t for so th yaffeI'

pre r t ion for plaoement in 0 n industry. Th bon fits

fro being bl to r main in ho and coml unity ar w 11

r cogni e . The work hop t r 1ning io des crib os

llowing th b in p rson:

fter n a ropri te t r ining perioct, to be 1 oed

in employment in h1s ho e t own. The obvious

vantage i that he has not been required to

shift to a nev environm nt w y from friend and r l ntiv s. II till remoins n integral part of

the co , unity, an s such ok s hi oontributi on

to the to~n n i trict in which h lives.18

16 E. J. Christians n, "New Z olond. Foundation For the Blind. Annual Report For the Ye r ended ~8rch 31,

1965,"

!.!!!

Chronio Vol. 1. No 34 (July, 1965) p. 55.

(34)

t t

t t

1 t

v •

i been to

t moon, to

t t red

, r re t

t t

-.

_

1

to b t

sr.

b

..

1

S88 t

eo 1

IDana,

,

(35)

1

..

re

t

t t :1

t :1 i e

t t

t

ti

t l

11

1 t, rov

8 rv 68

ri

,

6 t 1S6rY comrnuni t t t •

,

common t

t

re t 1r

d to

V6

t or

e

t

t

t10n

(36)

t

t

d common 1

to

(37)

1

more eo" In 1

re

I

..

re on t

even

on

1 1

1

(38)

erel t cona

ion a

..

I

t

'"

t

'"

(39)
(40)

10

it a

1a f

..

t

era

with 1 sttributes

ve 1 1

t:v,

lstl0. Ot

., p.

terest

sl

er t

I' a17

r

oc

socl to

(41)

r

h au

1

to

courses

..

h j

ora

,

d

(42)

t

'8

t

d, "

to

1'& c

i

t10n t t

1

..

aa t

P

become

it

ion,

, II

t

1

..

an u

'fIere

h

ion

(43)

1

1

11

s

t o 8

tl

arBOns

t

1

ODe au

, oete , t

t

8 0 e

t

'1

t10ns

1t"

"

..

(44)

( 800 t t t 1 tion were

,

t

..

1 t t eo

t

,

l' t

eu

1/

..

1

t

t t

I t t

t

..

..

..

$ h. t ies

ices t oen

(45)

b

ir

(46)

t

were au Bums t A e io d g conce

41

llWl.,

1

t

ODS.

I I .

e

r

i

, p. 6.

1n

in

10ns • •

(47)

h

rm

(48)

re

v

b

c

out

t 1

..

1 ousses

oan

vocat

A)

..

Iii en person.

cussion

sue:

t

t t

tlon

.8

.. 1

(49)

t

t

t

t

th

t

1

1

,

.. 1

1

1

,

..

, or

t t

.. 1

(50)

"

1

b

Areca

c

(51)

ness t

It

1

\lS1'e no

1

(52)

I ..

t

h

t t

d W88 a8

i

re 'a

t t

t 11

estiorul

t t v

narrow

t

.,

i

reee d

1

area8

..

(53)

or 8

oDe

persons

p

to seV8

i 1 to some

..

:rEt

h. s

t

tions,

,

oommon ere

(54)

..

t

boo

..

1 t

..

t v tl

t v

t It t

s

,

8UCC8SS on t

,

I'D

..

s ..

"

..

tt

..

c .. 1

1 t t to

(55)

ot

t

all

that

It wee

or vocational

Since !De to as a tnormal'

e our a1 status

was inv t h t and

WBS t viaus11:v

GV

Fitt the

rate ot

" t Pitt if with

(56)

re

common.

on

t

1t was e

1 too,

g 1"

ence t be

t t t

asoe ion

r v

t

t s r some 1

..

<Ii

(57)

te t

(58)

t

v

to t

It

t 1

tl'U

t

CODS

1

B 1

(59)

It t t

t

..

••

or

(60)

It •

i • .a

t

1 ..

t

aasu

eon

4.

t 80ma

(61)

1 .. t ( rui t

cou

" It wa.

t

'II u

ee

eo t e

tee. A item. wse

u

snewe t t em

" itema were u

i

,

i.e ..

a-li ee Be enewer"

ons was to re 10n

it

t t

1;1 )

.CCOil-t 1; w

..

S were 1;

"

(62)

caaea it

t

were e to

t l' were t a t items. t t were or t

some aases

seve

out

aame

aa

t so 1 au"

were to

..

aome

t t

II

tionna were

non-the ans is at vocat

ere t

ion the

were au

er were ses and att s

es were in

t t

In some C8ses

e sse8 ..

(63)

1 tionna! to 1

t

41! 80me

e 88 came to

1

an out

to t e er

an e 'We 8 r 'W8a 0

811 t 1 te:r8 n8a :rn to

(64)

v

I ..

vere

tone

seven were

I)

(65)

TABLE I

RETURN OF QUESTIONNAIRES

Number Positive Return Number School Attended

Sent 10 No. Not Known

School f'or Blind 58 64 37 4

altham P.S. 25 60 15 5

Newmarket P.s. 17 47 8 8

Te Aro P.S. 16 44 7 4

Forbury P.S. 9 11

.,

2

Total 125 54 68 23

(66)
(67)

t

1 ..

more t

tHU!t me

T

b.

v1810n

t

t

8

urn8 were

t c188

weru:-t on

., or

fluld

sltuatlon.

..

ion.

more

(68)

v

8

were

eODsi

W8S d as b

to some e

rar

t

i1 this s

Groyp ;tIl

were the

I 107

cat

s

on vis

t t een rt •

ew

v ion.

ion

u

(69)

nev t t t 1. t t non-reBDona.8 t t

..

ti on t 1 It to

..

souroes on

t-I

(70)

t re

t

iODS

(71)

I

I

1

t

1

..

I

s

to 1

ou

1"9

, oovers

, ae t 1"6 were no

1

1" t t

(72)

65

,...' 1

r i g . . Age Oistribu(o hole Sample.

2 I

I

,~

11

Iv

1

j 2

t

10

3

6

4

2 - i - r - - r - - ' . /

o

LL-L~~L-~~~-L-U~~~~~-4-L~~~~~~~~

15-16 17-18 19-20 21-22 23-24 25-2627-28 29-30 31-32 33-34

Age In Years.

Fig. 2 . Ag e Distribution Gr 0 U P I .

~

1

( ' ,

l - e •

.0 I)

E 4

::J

Z

3

2

o

L -_ _ _ _ ----~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

15-16 17- 19-20 21-22 23-24 25-26 27-28 29-30

(73)

OJ 5

E 4

:J

Z

E

:J

Z

Fig. 3. Ag e 0 i 5 t r j u t ion Gr 0 u p

15-16 17-18 19-20 21-2223-2425-2627-2829-3031-32 33-34

Age In Years.

. F j 9 . L.. A 9 e O i 5 t rib uti 0 n Group

m.

2 +-r--,---".1

1

o

~~~~~~L-~~~~~~~~~~~ _ _ ~ _ _ _ _ ~ _ _ ~

15-16 17-18 19-20 21-22 23-24 25-2627-2929-3031-32 33-34

Age Year s.

(74)

v.

I

2)

6}

(1) 1

(1 )

(16)

..

8 r

en :1

I

I I

(

(

)

(

)

( 1 ) (11)

out

r

ral ( 1 )

1 ) ( 2) (2)

5

1 ( 15)

(

(4

(75)
(76)

..

t

t

overseas

een

ion

t

(77)

lou

(78)

71

so t er

t pres

,

t r ment e d d 1;

lev

" F (

were

,

1. II in is

communi e I I I

..

I

r t

,

tn

,

was II I

S P 1

cona more

were is

r

time s a t pel"

cent ee were

,

t

•• •

oove e 1 r t rea one

more women Nil

en 70

,

, p •

(79)

t

women t

au 1/

women 1.

..

71 t e out " t or

was v

.. 1

..

..

II or

I.

'II

ex

t

(80)

r

I

1 1 1

5 1

1 1 )

1 )

9) )

rI 'I'lt'w.ft I I

1 ) ) 1 3 1 1

1 2

1

( )

1

)

1 3)

6)

(81)

I

t

re

" t

t

T t

vi 1

(82)

were

( ),

,

so

,

(83)

1 II> 8tt te oat 8 I' t T III a

V r were

..

II>

,

'1188

t

t

g

..

..

t Ie

aa o t

t a

1'0 t

t,

t ..

t I we:re

a I' e ostl

a a

ae

ty ..

(84)

v

I I I I

1 ) 1 )

6)

8

11 2

t t

o t 13 S

BU a8 Be

,

re

,

a or

t IDa j t;r 1"

..

re are BOlDe reneeB b en t g

..

I I t t /I

t t at t I I

a 1" t t n

(85)

a1

au

re

t

.. 1

..

t t

..

s.

(86)

waa t

t e to

t

ion

(87)

6)

) 6)

d 1 2)

1)

2 1 1 )

)

3)

1

I

)

(88)

t 8

were

aDa .. 8

t e re8U 8 ..

t some raODe

00 I'

It 8e

reas

t

cs CODae

t the

ODe perSOD

was "Ie

or better ..

in e

t

it cou

aome

t

a

t

a were

1;, were

pres

thia 0

raDee was

8 tioD lit ooou-oome t

at a

st s

no

..

t

(89)

1

..

0:0-:os

1

"0 borne

r c t

'l'

re

I

,

een C8S8S

or 81' 11

..

0 II I e'Ye:o

re, 8a lIere

t

,

(90)

or ions one were renumerat increses

t is

re

1 a

it was 088

It 10

I

12 ..

1 3) 1 II

1 2) 12 ..

some aen

ra. Soma

soms

to

I, one

t I I I

(1

2) 2

t t

t 1 1 1 gene II I ) )

5) 1 11 ) 1 8)

1 ) ( 5)

cture W88

en 10

8 e more

1'8e

en

Ie

ions,

(91)

iOD8 t d 80me SS,

t t 13 ..

..

t ion

,

t

t i. aD rea cou a to

80me

earD 8 t d waa

r n 8 mean res

are eye1 w h 8 8 I'

t alt m08t ra

I I to on r oome leye

a I I I .

ae of' more ion, :Dore

,

ts t were

a you r g

,

d t

earn were d

I tn an one 1v

t giye. 8 e

out t eerD of' t one t ey

1:."01' t g to

..

ay earned ome

(92)

1

(

I

courses,

w ••

(93)

t

i

1

t 1

r

i

1

t

i 1

ion

1I1ere no

to

(94)

t

, i ..

r

i

t

1 t

1 t

1

I

t t t

DOW

ion-enae

were

(95)

8 are

or

se t

lt re

re

t

cause

CODsensue

t

sr ralas an

t to re

s

I ou t €I t

I I oon

t

t 8

er t the

i tor a II

vo08tlon-a

thirty-three

sse8. Theae

1tle8.

ot t

(96)

u

t t

t

I

1

2 3

I

I I I

6

(97)

7)

.,

)

e

x.

43

aa a

15 I I I t

x

I d

.,

) 2)

5)

3)

I I I

.,

6) 13)

3)

.,

11

.,

8)

) )

(98)

t

(99)

92

cent of this sample were in that position. It appears

that a simi ar proportion h d reached higher levels of

school attainment but the others had tended to drop

out earlier th n -the sighted population.

Comparing the individual groups with the general

population nd accepting th t in each group a sizable proportion had not attended secondary school, the

most noticeable feature was the record of Gr up I.

Their performance at school was well above the general

population in terms of success in School Certificate

and University Entrance. Group II's record

w

swell below that of ordinary school leavers in all respocts.

In Group III a slightly smaller proportion than in the

general population had gained School Certificate but

of those more had gone on to University Entrance so

th t a similar proportion had Univ rsity Entrance when they left.

The picture that emerged from this survey of

school att inment was firstly that of a great proportion

not having reached what is now regarded as a satisfactory

minimum level of education, and secondly while a sa

tis-factory proportion re ched top levels most of the

(100)

cona ~ aen S8 1t reoo 1'8 au

Oil

g

"lieu

I' ~

I

t

t

a. T

eye

1 ..

~ 8

reco

8 1 t COil

eyemen~ IUUR8 ~ t t ers1

w1 tho e

t ~ 1'101'. here ion tel'

III 1t seema th.et

t 1r p

et

(101)

ones

(102)
(103)

G

1

1

IIlS

t rr

Int

is en

tion 1t

rest t

can t

t

.

,

..

77

" 1

1 " se,x " •

( )

(5

(5 t 1 era 1 1 a.

F t

result

"

t t

e

(104)

8

t

to t

t

88 1

I I I ..

1

8'

t

1

I ..

en

8

t

v1 t

t 1 t1onna1 t to

..

c 1

1e

a W88

t 1t1s8,

t t

t t

"

t rs at1 1

t a t I'e

ence t 8 d

I t

I I I we t

(105)

riB I

1

ren

se

ne to

voeati sen

were

to move

:D&

cone1

t

I

1 1

(106)
(107)

ee

or

t

..

..

1

t

re

t

1

t

(108)

..

!Darat t

or

In te:reete

with t

to

t

..

&I ere

( 1 ..

(109)

1

t

t "

(110)

1

(

)

)

1 a)

1 3)

I

(111)

It

s

h

Vi8ual

le88 as

1

t

h

1

I

ta i

t t

r s

1

b. t

t

t I a an.

I )

..

(112)

1t

at d

au"

,

t

t

ave

1n t

t ) ao. t t t It e seerns

..

,

.

"

81 t

8 once

t • t I d .. tt I::!

,

one it tt 1

more 8001al ...

I.

I I I

l'

i.e .. een

e :r.

II out

..

(113)

t t t

t t

t au

..

t 1

v

..

It 11

(

t t.

sO t t ev

c 1ra ..

t t t

(114)

(

,

I

I

5)

'1

,

1

1

1

)

,

a

8)

(115)

1

It 8 t t 8a a

t

t 1

i

ia

t II! n

I t

n t

..

I I I

C 15 1 3) 1

4 11

e 5) 1 2)

I 8 1

(116)

reSDODden

was are

cane.

8 in

wa .•

in I,

(117)

11

was

sser

as one re

(118)

re

UDcommOD ..

cese t

ces

i

t

(75

per

with

work

eo

be in t

t1

)

I.,

t re we. ev

,.

una

iii!

t common

(

or 1

best e cat

, most of t

4;

1

1

a

moat common

I (

)

..

( III)

,

r

t t

'lise t 1 common wa. r

d to

wi th Un1 versi tJ

..

(119)

unu

ranee

t1

r

t

..

(

or

r

tt

10ne

112

10ne

I

1

t

I

(120)
(121)

II

t

t res

ra at a

t

resl

t

were

t t

I I t t

1 tOll

1

(122)

11

au

1

t

If t

(123)

I' t

t

t as

10

t

1

and

I'S

t

11

rEI

g

aona

t

(124)

;

,

11

concen-can

(125)

11

(126)

119

(127)

i

I

(128)

or

8

or on

1

t t

t

t

1 1

or

on

It

reoom-tion

(or era)

(129)

t

t

t

t

88

iee

b

ion a

t

1

t

t

on

1ea

(130)
(131)

r a a

i

It was

to

newer

t

t

i

give CODS

sen

to

It i t

ts

1

t

t

(132)

1 "

cause lome

oa e 1; cau

..

'11'88

t a

a

..

areas

more t

8, r 1yea,

..

T one all re 1ree

aIDU 18 of 10

I I .. ae 'Cere

10 aome u s1on .. more

De t 1cular

,

y 1t18.

1re

18

ceu

1t1ea 10

(133)

126

use of the blind tools, e.g. braille? Has enough use been made of residual vision in educational and

vocational situ tions, or were visual methods persever-ed with when tactil~ would have been more appropriate?

Some attention in this thesis has been given to individu Is in sheltered employment, but much more

needs to be known about the factors that have caused the siz bla proportion of blind men to be in this

situation.

(134)
(135)
(136)

1

..

(137)
(138)

1

(139)
(140)
(141)
(142)
(143)

1

or

(

(b)

(e)

(144)

( )

on

(

(c)

is e

or

137

one

(145)

1

some

s

(146)

extract is

I.

(a)

re

s

sources

_

new sources

azz

B

I S

s

is

,

41

(147)

1

-,... .a

(148)
(149)

1

(150)

1

(151)

1

...

-

I:)

(152)

-1

(153)
(154)
(155)

11

2

1

s t

t

t t t

or

t (

I!UUUJ. I 1

0

t t

1 t t

s III

I

..

I

1t sa soon as

..

; no one 1 aee t

so t no

sowe

(156)

1

, t ion

on i

(157)

1

(158)

151

1 <I>

..

I

..

.. ..

..

c) .... III . . .

1'*8

..

• *' ••

...

.. .. ..

.

..

• Ij. . . . .. ..

....

., 4); ,. •

..

" " "

$I $I $I

..

..

..

"

....

5 .. <II ..

..

..

...

..

1 "

.. ..

"

7.

courses e 01'* are s

: (e ..

..

,

etc .. )

., "

..

" "

..

" " "

..

"

.

....

" "

....

..

" It 1lIt ., • •

" •• "

....

..

or 8

(159)

152

...

,.

..

.. ..

..

. . .

.

."

...

'

8' ., . . .

t or

...

It .... It if 1'8:

(t one)

. . . III ..

..

..

. .

.. ..

.

..

.

.

.

.

..

.

..

.

.

..

..

.

.

. .

. . .

..

.

.

.

.

. .

.

. .

.

.

.

.

..

. . .

.

.

.

.. ..

..

.

.

..

.

.

.

.

.

.

..

. . .

.

.

..

.

.

..

..

..

.

.

.

.

or t you

• • • •

« '" ,. ... '* ... II . . . ., .. ,. ., . . . ., 8: ., ., 41 . . . 6' " . . . ., *' .. « . . . 8; . . . ., ,.

the

e)

sctivit

rch that

t

...

b)

own

1 __ ., .. ., " • III .. ,. ... *' • ., 8' ..

the

...

., .,

. . . If . . . ,. •

(t1 )

(160)

.

.

. .

.

.

.

"

. . .

• . . . lit lit .. " .. II . . . .

• .. • . . • • • (I . . . . ., . . . '*' '" .. it .. 41 ,. . . . . ,. l/1li ., . . . .- ill . . . II • It . . . . .

\II Are ;you • •

0) . . . It! . . . ., . . . b) in full t

ment ... '* ... .,

,

rt 1;

oJ

...

" a r

.

..

...

e) full t stu

. . .

..

.

.,

..

f) stu

.. ..

..

.

.

21. If e

(161)

'"

b)

.. ..

g) t

ia your

y your

1

. . . 8- • • " • • " ..

.. It ill

....

" ..

.

..

..

.. i!IJ ., 5' .. iii '* $- . . . Wi l j ,. ., • . . . lit .. .. It ., • .- ... *' ..

..

lit • • " .,

tor

d oc . . . . iii lit ., " . . .

mu I' ... *'

you p ion in your . . . . " iii • e

.. .. • .. • • '" . . . ., . . . . (I; lit tit *' • " ., ... It . . . ,. . . . if " *' ., .. Ii • If!! ., el

i8

uae Vi8

1

your

.

.

.

"

..

.

.

..

.

. . .

.

.

..

.

• • ., " . . . Ii

. . . «I .. ., • " • • " .. • • iii 4\1 • • •

...

I t 80

..••...•....•.•...•...•...

~

... .

re (name)

the

t a

( Tick)

cers .. ., .... ., *'

r9 ... ..

II: . . . II • • ., •

.

.. ..

th tion

.. If!! . . . " ,. .,

...

.,

(162)

1

answers

or

on

••••••••••

(163)

11

I

1

I

1

(164)
(165)

1

ear

s

car ( )

cars (4)

(5)

(166)

1

(167)

1

H

(168)

161

Figure

Fig. 2 . Ag e

Fig 2.

Ag e . View in document p.72
Fig. 3.
Fig 3 . View in document p.73

References

Updating...