ROTC And Eagle Battalion Requirements

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University of Wisconsin-La Crosse ROTC Handbook


Revised: Fall 2012


Table of Contents

Introduction 3

Cadet Creed 4

Warrior Ethos 4

Army Values 5

History of the Eagle Battalion 6

Section One: Expectations and Activities 7

Academics 7

Leadership Training Course (LTC) 8

How to Enroll in the Military Science Classes 8

Physical Fitness 10

Mentorship Program 15

Leadership Lab 15

Field Training Exercise (FTX) 17

Leadership Development Assessment Course 17

Social Events 17

Additional Training Opportunities 17

Section Two: Eagle Battalion 20

Organization 20

Company Level Leadership 21

Chain of Command 21

Cadet Battalion Staff 22

Section Three: Rank and Military Courtesy 24

ROTC Cadet Rank 24

Army NCO Rank 26

Army Officer Rank 27

How to Render a Proper Salute 28

Section Four: Supply 29

What you will receive as an Army ROTC cadet 29

Equipment and Dummy Weapons 29

Section Five: Motorcycle and Bicycle Safety 33

Section Six: Appearance 34

Personal Appearance 34

Wearing of the Uniform 35

Hygiene 37

Jewelry 38

Eyeglasses and Sunglasses 39


University of Wisconsin-La Crosse ROTC Handbook



Incoming Freshman or New Cadets

Welcome to the Eagle Battalion.

As a new member in the military, this handbook will

guide you in basic military instruction and policies. You

are encouraged to use this handbook for reference as

well as actual Field Manuals and supplementary ROTC

documents and doctrine. As you read through the

handbook, pay close attention to sections 1-4 and learn

the policies and standards.

Transfer Cadets or Prior Service

Welcome to the Eagle Battalion.

As an individual with some experience in the military,

you have already been introduced to how the military

operates and what standards the Army expects. As you

read through the handbook pay close attention to ROTC

and Eagle Battalion policies and standards located in

sections 1,2, and 4.


Cadet Creed

I am an ARMY Cadet.

Soon I will take an oath and become an Army Officer

committed to DEFENDING the values which make this

Nation great.

HONOR is my touchstone.

I understand MISSION first and PEOPLE always.

I am the PAST, the spirit of those WARRIORS who have

made the final sacrifice.

I am the PRESENT, the scholar and apprentice soldier

enhancing my skills in the science of warfare and the art

of leadership.

But above all I am FUTURE, the future WARRIOR

LEADER of the United States Army. May God give me

the compassion and judgment to lead and the gallantry

in battle to WIN.


Warrior Ethos

I will always place the mission first.

I will never accept defeat.


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The Seven Army Values


Our profession’s ethic remains the foundation of trust which the American people place in their military”


Bear true faith and allegiance to the U.S. constitution, the Army, and other soldiers. Be loyal to the nation and its heritage. Leaders who demonstrate loyalty:

• Observe higher headquarters’ priorities.

• Work within the system without manipulating it for personal gain.


Fulfill your obligations.

Accept responsibility for your own actions and those entrusted to your care.

Find opportunities to improve oneself for the good of the group. Leaders demonstrate devotion to duty:

• Fulfill obligations—professional, legal, and moral.

• Carry out mission requirements.

• Meet professional standards.

• Set the example.

• Comply with policies and directives.

• Continually pursue excellence.


Rely upon the golden rule – Treat others as you want to be treated.

How we consider others reflects upon each of us, both personally and as a professional organization. Leaders who demonstrate respect:

• Treat people as they should be treated.

• Create a climate of fairness and equal opportunity.

• Are discreet and tactful when correcting or questioning others.

• Show concern for and make an effort to check on the safety and well‐being of others.

• Are courteous.

• Don’t take advantage of positions of authority.

Selfless Service

Put the welfare of the nation, the Army, and your subordinates before your own.

Selfless service leads to organizational teamwork and encompasses discipline, self‐control and faith in

the system. Leaders who demonstrate selfless service:

• Put the welfare of the nation, the Army, and subordinates before their own.

• Sustain team morale.

• Share subordinates’ hardships.

• Give credit for success to others and accept responsibility for failure themselves.


Live up to all the Army values. Leaders who demonstrate honor:

• Live up to Army values.

• Don’t lie, cheat, steal, or tolerate those actions by others.


Do what is right, legally and morally.

Be willing to do what is right even when no one is looking.

It is our "moral compass" an inner voice. Leaders who demonstrate integrity:

• Do what is right legally and morally.

• Possess high personal moral standards.

• Are honest in word and deed.

• Show consistently good moral judgment and behavior.

• Put doing the right thing ahead of being popular.

Personal Courage

The ability to face fear, danger, or adversity, both physical and moral courage. Leaders who demon‐ strate

personal courage:

• Show physical and moral bravery.

• Take responsibility for decisions and actions.


Eagle Battalion History

There has long been a duality in the American military tradition, with both citizen-soldiers and military professionals playing prominent roles in all of America’s wars. For most of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, America’s small, profes‐ sional Regular Army was supplemented during times of crisis by large numbers of state militia and other volunteer forces.

This dual military system worked well until the American Civil War. The Military Academy at West Point, the traditional source for officers, could not produce enough officers to lead the huge force fielded during the 1860s. Unskilled volunteer and militia officers had to become effective leaders overnight. The Land-Grant Act of 1862 (the Morrell Act) therefore gave states federal land to raise capital and establish colleges that would teach agriculture, science, and military tactics, but the limited officer training of this act did not produce for the Army enough competent reserve officers. The National Defense Act of 1916 set up the Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) as we know it today. By 1928 there were ROTC programs at 325 schools across the nation. By the time America began to mobilize for World War II in 1940, ROTC had trained more than 100,000 officers. After World War II ROTC became the Army’s primary source of officers—for both the Regular Army and the Army’s reserve components.

The ROTC program at the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse was established in January 1971, with military science classes commencing that fall semester. The “Indian Battalion,” as it was then named, started with 70 cadets and commissioned its first two officers in December 1972.

UW-La Crosse’s ROTC program has experienced changes in both name and composi‐ tion over the years. During 1989, the unit was re-designated as the Eagle Battal‐ ion. In 1991 ROTC became available to students at other universities in the La Crosse area. Over the years, lieutenants from the Eagle Battalion have filled the ranks of each of the Army’s branches but no branch more so than the Army Nurse Corps. In March 1996, Viterbo University was selected by the U.S. Army Cadet Command as one of only 41 schools nationwide to participate in the Partnership in Nursing Educa‐ tion Program.

The Eagle Battalion today continues its proud tradition of producing officers who are both physically and mentally prepared to lead America’s Army. These officers have served around the world and have contributed immensely to the defense of our na‐ tion. As the Army transforms to become a more flexible and lethal force for the


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The ROTC program is open to all students in all colleges and schools within the university and all partnership schools. All credits earned by taking Military Science courses can be applied towards a Military Science minor for UW-L cadets or count as electives.

Service Obligation: Once a cadets is commissioned they owe a total of eight years. This can be done in a combination of at least four years in Active duty (if selected) followed by service in the Guard (ARNG), Reserves (USAR), or the Inactive Ready Reserve (IRR) for the remainder of the 8-year service obligation

As a contracted Army ROTC cadet, your continued scholarship benefits in the pro‐ gram rely on meeting the following standards:


All cadets must strive for academic excellence. You cannot become an Army officer unless you graduate.

Your primary obligation is to excel in your academic studies. The national Order of Merit List (OML) program allocates the largest percentage of points to GPA (40%) in determining whether you receive your desired component of service (Active Duty or Reserve Duty) and your desired branch (Aviation, Infantry etc). Your grades come first! Probation and/or disenrollment from the program will result unless the follow‐ ing standards are met:

-maintain a cumulative GPA of 2.0 or higher

-maintain full-time student status throughout the term, not less than 12 credit hours

-earn a grade of at least a “C” in all Military Science courses

-make acceptable progress towards your degree (All cadets will fill out a form called the 104-R that lays out the classes they plan to take during their college career to achieve a degree. This shows that cadets understand what classes need to be taken in order to fulfill degree requirements. The 104-R should be updated each semester)

In order to fulfill ROTC commissioning requirements, cadets are required to com‐ plete courses which satisfy the professional development criteria. These require‐ ments must be fulfilled prior to commissioning regardless of when graduation oc‐ curs. The requirements are:

Take all MS classes– Basic Course Classes 101, 102, 201, 202, Advanced course Clas‐ ses 301, 302, 401, and 403 (unless attended LTC)


A military history, either MS 402 or an approved substitute. See substi‐ tutes at under course descriptions towards the end.

Pass all events in the Combat Water Survival Training (CWST)- done twice a year, in the fall and spring semester

Fulfill all university degree requirements

Leadership Training Course (LTC): For those students who are unable to complete the Basic Course by the end of their sophomore year, or who join the program after their freshmen year can attend LTC. This is a four week camp at Fort Knox, KY. Completion of LTC qualifies the student for enrollment in the Advanced Course and may compete for scholarships if available. The Army pays for travel to and from LTC and while at camp, the students earn around $960 (before taxes). At LTC, the student gains an experience of Army life and the responsibilities of being an officer. The course it meant to instill confidence and decision-making abilities needed to become a leader, in the Army and in the civilian world.

Enrollment: Freshmen and sophomores enroll in basic courses the same way they register for any university course. The only restriction is that a student must normally have completed MS 101 or MS 102 to enroll in 200 level MS courses. Students enrolled in basic courses are not under a mili‐ tary service contract and have no obligation for military service*.

*However, if the cadet is a scholarship cadet they are obligated under a military service contract once they have contracted and begun there sophomore year. This is only a freshmen option, if a cadet does not re‐ ceive a scholarship until after their freshmen year, the obligation begins right away.

Exceptions: Veterans and enlisted members of the USAR/ARNG may qualify for immediate placement into the Advanced Course if they have completed two years of college (academic status of a junior). Those who meet these standards are eligible to enroll in the Advanced Course.


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Type in “MS” next to Course Subject

Type the course number you want next to Course Number

Then proceed by clicking the “Enroll” buttons to enroll in the course Viterbo Students

Go to Viterbo’s Homepage (

Click on “MyVU” in the top, center of the page.

Click on “VitNet” in the top, right corner of the page.

Click on “Log In” in the bottom, right corner of the page.

Log in with your username and password.

Click on “Students” in the top, right corner of the page.

Click on “Register for Sections” under the Registration bar.

Click “I agree.”

Click on “Search and Register for Sections” (first on the list).

Type in the term you are registering for.

Under the Subject drop-down bar select “Military Science.”

Click the “Submit” button.

Select the MS course you are signing up for. WSU amd St. Mary’s Students

There is an agreement between WSU and UW-L wherein WSU pays for their students’ ROTC classes if the student maintains at least 12 WSU credits and no more than 18 credits WSU and ROTC combined. No agreement exists with SMU, so their students can expect to pay a 100 dollar registration fee each semester and just under 400 dollars per credit to UW-L out of pocket. That is assuming the cadet is either a WI native


or has MN reciprocity. Out of state tuition is roughly double in-statetuition. MN reciprocity is not automatic! You can apply for it at If a WSU cadet fails to remain a full time student or exceeds 18 credits, the same costs apply to them.The first step is to apply on-line at https:// The on-line application is fairly easy to complete, but note the following necessary entries:

a) Under “Applying as:” WSU students check Winona State University ROTC Student, SMU students check Undergraduate Special Non-degree.

b) Under “I’m intending to take a course in the following school/college” find “Liberal Studies (College of)” in the drop down menu and select.

c) Under “Please indicate your educational goals”, check bacca‐ laureate degree and other, and then write in ROTC at WSU.

d) When asked for an applicant statement, type in the follow‐ ing. “I am a Cadet at Winona State University (or St. Mary’s University) that is participating in ROTC through the University of Wisconsin–La Crosse.”

To track your admission, go to: html/trackapplication.htm

You will receive your username and initial password via e-mail. Change your password and remember your username and password. You will need them to register for class each semester. It typically takes two days or so to get admitted to UW-L.

Once you are admitted, you must go to, find WINGS under UW-L Quicklinks drop down menu and register for the class you are taking as described in the previous UW-L Students section. This must be done before the Friday of the first week of UW-L semester. Since WSU


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2-mile run will be administered prior to the start of the semester. Based on the cadet’s performance, he/she will be advised as to an individual PT program. All cadets take three APFT a semester the first two being diagnostic and the third is for record. If a non-contracted cadet wishes to contract, cadre will set up a PT test for them, which they must take and pass at that time. During the school year, cadets will participate in an organized regularly scheduled physical training pro‐ gram two-five days (two at a minimum-Tuesdays and Thursdays) each week. A high APFT score is required for a cadet to be selected for competitive summer training.

Physical Readiness Training

Eagle Battalion PRT is conducted 5 days a week from 0615-0715. Tuesday and Thursday are mandatory for all cadets; Friday attend‐ ance is required of those who fail to meet their class standards, and Monday and Wednesday PT is for cadets who fail the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) stand‐ ards.

Locations for Morning PRT:

Alpha Company– UW-L and Viterbo Cadets (La Crosse)– Mitchell Field house and Veterans Memorial Stadium

Bravo Company (Winona)– Krysko Commons

Weight Standards

Contracted cadets will maintain weight in accordance with AR 600-9. Cadets will be weighed after each APFT. If a cadet fails to meet weight standards, he or she will be taped by cadre . Below are tables that show the minimum and maximum weight for males and females.


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The Eagle Battalion has created a mentorship program aimed at form‐ ing cohesion and bonds between different levels of cadets and address‐ ing any issues. Cadets are mentored on a weekly basis with MS IV cadets mentoring MS II cadets and MS III cadets mentoring MS I ca‐ dets. Mentors cover a range of topics from academics to ROTC to ex‐ tracurricular/social activities to future plans and goals. Cadets develop the mentor/protégée relationship over the entire academic year. Men‐ tors will accompany protégées to enhanced PT if necessary.

Leadership Development Program (LDP)

As a part of the LDP process, MS IIIs will be expected to train MS Is and IIs during leadership labs, PT, and training exercises. During train‐ ing, MS IVs are expected to make on the spot corrections of deficien‐ cies, improper performance, and noncompliance with regulations/ policies of the Eagle Battalion. During each leadership rotation, MS IIIs will receive an initial counseling with their respective MS IV evalu‐ ator to discuss what is expected and at the end receive blue card coun‐ seling. The blue card will touch on different leadership attributes the cadet presented, their strong points, weaknesses, and an overall sum‐ mary of behavior while in leadership.


The third year in the ROTC program is crucial to a cadet’s develop‐ ment as an Army officer. During the year, cadets are expected to take on leadership roles and are evaluated on how well they perform as leaders by senior cadets or MS IVs. Each MS III will have an LDAC coach that is an MS IV, who will give guidance throughout the year. The goal of having an LDAC coach is to prepare MS IIIs for the Leader‐ ship Development Assessment Course that they must attend the sum‐ mer between their junior and senior year.


This weekly lab is an integral part of the program for all cadets. The MS IVs are responsible for the planning of all labs, the MS IIIs are responsible for executing all labs, and the MS Is and IIs are then trained by the MS IIIs in military tactics. The table on the following page shows the various labs that take place over the course of the fall and spring semesters.



Lab Week 1 (Rappelling/M4 PMI) Lab 1 (Rappelling/M16 disassemble)

Lab Week 2 (Land Navigation PE) Lab 2 (Land Nav)

Lab Week 3 (PCC/PCI & PMI Training)

Lab 3 (Wpns cleaning training & PCC/ PCI)

Lab Week 4 (SQD Tactics 1--Patrolling)

Lab 4 (Sqd Tact 1/2- Patrolling & Battle Drills)

Lab Week 5 (SQD Tactics 2--Battle

Drills) Lab 5 (ACO Sqd Tact 2- Battle Drills)

Lab Week 6 (SQD Tactics 3--RECON) Lab 5 (BCO Blood Drive)

Lab Week 7 (SQD Tactics 4--Attack) Lab 6 (Sqd Tact 3– Recon)

Lab Week 8 (SQD Tactics 5--Ambush) Lab 7 (Sqd Tact 4– Attack)

Lab Week 9 (US Wpn/HG--MS I/II;

MSIII OPORD) Lab 8 (Sqd Tact 5- Ambush)

Lab Week 10 (Class A Inspection)

Lab 9 MS 1/2 US Wpns/HG/MS3 OPORDs

Lab Week 11 (Blood Drive) Lab 10 (Class A Inspection)

Lab Week 12 (CWST) Lab 11 Verbal OPORD- MS IIIs


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Field Training Exercise (FTX)- A FTX takes place each fall in which con‐ tracted cadets are expected to participate in. The three day training exercise consists of: day and night land navigation, basic rifle marksmanship, weap‐ ons cleaning, patrolling (MS IIIs), tactics, Modern Army Combatives Pro‐ gram, confidence course, and an obstacle course.

Leadership Development and Assessment Course (LDAC): LDAC provides field training and experience in a military environment not possible on campus. Cadets attend the four-week camp between their junior and senior year. Emphasis is placed on leadership development and evaluation as a leader and member of a team. The training and evaluations are conducted by cadre from other ROTC programs. The Army pays travel to and from camp and while at camp the cadet is paid approximately $900 before taxes. (more information page 36)


Military Ball- The military ball is a formal social event held each fall semes‐ ter. It is a formal dinner and dance open to friends and family of cadets. Guest and family get a chance to join Eagle Battalion for a night out.

Dining In- The dining-in is a formal social event held in the spring. It is a formal dinner function which includes a period of cocktails, the formal dinner, and an informal period. During the informal period is used for en‐ tertainment such as skits and the telling of stories of cadets within the bat‐ talion.



The Ranger Challenge competition is held annually each fall at Fort McCoy. This competition is physically demanding and requires additional training alongside the required ROTC training. The competition is done in teams of five or nine man (can be males and females) or all female teams. Cadets are tested on traditional night land navigation; consisting of a series of tasks: one rope bridge, weapons assembly/disassembly, HWMMV pull, litter carry, and room clearing. The final event is a 10K forced road march. While this takes dedication and a commitment for more training, the awards are worth it. Cadets increase their physical fitness; receive more hands on training all while forming a strong team bond



The Rifle Competition was a combination of M16 and M9 pistol. Teams consisted of four cadets that were tested on individual skill and a team inspired event. Cadets begin the competition zeroing the M16 and get‐ ting a chance to familiarize themselves with the M9, this last 30 minutes. The teams then move outside to do a 1 mile run in ACUs, combat boots, LBE, and Kevlar. The teams must finish the run together and can only have less than 15 feet between them. Immediately after the completion of the run, the teams are taken back inside to the range and start to fire with the M16 (there is a time constraint). Once time is up, the teams get a short break as the targets are switched out and the M9 event begins. Once the M9 portion is completed then the teams move on to assembly/ disassembly and a functions check (cadets can encourage, but cannot give instruction during this time). The Eagle Battalion participated in this event for the first time in 2009 and sent three teams, with one team winning first in the M16 event.


GAFB is held annually each year at the University of Bloomington in Indiana. The events include pistol shooting, a road march, a 5K run, high jump, shot put, and a 400 meter swim. All the events have standards or times in which to qualify and move on to the next day of events. Unlike other competitions, you compete not against other cadets, but test to see how far or well you can excel. The event is physically demanding and also requires additional training time outside of already mandatory ROTC training. The German Armed Forces Badge of Military Proficien‐ cy is one of a few approved foreign awards for soldiers to wear.


This competition consists of two-person teams made up of either male, female, or co-ed partners. Cadets will go through a series of events in an effort to gain the title Best Ranger Buddy Team. The teams will conduct a 10K road march, take a modified APFT (do pull ups as an event), run through the hand grenade assault course, do a M16 assembly/


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The Norwegian Road March competition is held at the University of Southern Indiana in the spring. The competition consists of a 30K (18.6 miles) road march with a 25lb load with time restrictions. Males have 4 hours and 30 minutes and females have 5 hours and 15 minutes to complete the task. All teams that meet these requirements are award‐ ed the Norwegian Road March Badge. In 2008, the Eagle Battalion had three four-person teams compete and took first, second, and third place. The first place team won with a time of 4 hours and 17 minutes, the second with 4 hours and 21 minutes, and the third team (the only all female team) with 4 hours and 32 minutes.


Talon Platoon operates as a extra “high-speed” activity and in-cludes training for those who seek an extra challenge. State Track Meet

Every year the cadets help run the WIAA State Track Meet as part of a fundraiser for the Cadet Fund. Cadets spend two days selling and tear‐ ing tickets, work as gate security, and help sell programs. This is the only real fundraiser that is conducted in order to pay for all events during the school year, all contracted cadets are required and encour‐ aged to bring friends.


Relay for Life Polar Plunge Intramural Sports Veterans Honor Flight Blood Drives Bed loft Operations

Local Community and Athletic Events

Military Schools and Programs– Air Bourne, Air Assault etc.




The Eagle Battalion is organized to facilitate cadet involvement and partic‐ ipation in ROTC training events throughout the school year. This organi‐ zation allows cadets to receive important information concerning training and other ROTC related events, and provides cadets with a method of getting answers to any concerns or issues they may have concerning ROTC. The Eagle Battalion is run by the senior cadets under the guidance and supervision of the Professor of Military Science (PMS).

Each freshman, sophomore and junior cadet belongs to a squad. A squad consists of about 8-10 cadets. Each squad has a squad leader (SL) who is responsible for sending information regarding ROTC events to each cadet in his or her squad. The squad leader is also responsible for making sure that all cadets have the proper equipment for every training event. A squad leader is the first person that a cadet must contact if he or she has any questions or needs any equipment.

A Platoon consists of 2-3 squads. Each platoon has one platoon sergeant or PSG. Squad leaders receive information from their platoon sergeant to


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Company Level Leadership

Third year cadets or MS IIIs fill company level leadership positions.(SL, PSG, PL, 1SG) The MS III cadets will rotate through leadership positions every three to five weeks, four rotations a semester. This allows them to be able to practice their leadership skills. Each MS III will receive evaluations on their respective position by an MS IV cadet.

Chain of Command

The chain of command is made up of a series of positions of increasing authori‐ ty. The chain of command is also used to control the flow of information within the organization. The use of the chain of command is a two way street. Policy and instruction flow down the chain to each cadet. Cadets also use the chain of command when they are looking for information or need help with a problem. This allows the information to be gained or the problem to be addressed at the lowest possible level. (SL) If the issue cannot be fixed here the information is passed up the chain of command until it is resolved.

Some personal problems, and academic problems, are best addressed first by the help of the Military Science Department staff, In cases of personal or academic problems, your first point of contact is your Military Science Instructor. The Professor of Military Science and the cadre have an open door policy which provides that any cadet may see them about matters the cadet deems important. If they are not immediately available when the cadet wants to see them, a meet‐ ing may be arranged by either contacting the secretary or leaving a message in the office of the person the cadet desires to see.


Cadet Battalion Staff

Senior or MS IV cadets take positions on the cadet battalion staff. Key posi‐ tions are listed and briefly explained below:

Cadet Battalion Commander (c/LTC)- Is the highest-ranking cadet in the Cadet Corps and is responsible for all cadet activity. He/she interfaces with the PMS, organizes, directs, and supervises the cadet staff and Company Com‐ manders, and represents the Cadet Corps in greeting and briefing distin‐ guished visitors. The Cadet Battalion Commander may task any member of the Cadet Corps to conduct special projects as required.

Cadet Executive Officer (c/MAJ)- Coordinates and supervises the cadet staff, ensuring that the cadet staff operates smoothly and effectively, accomplishing all assigned tasks. The XO assumes command in the absence of the Cadet Battalion Commander.

Battalion S1 (c/CPT)- The Cadet Adjutant is responsible for cadet personnel actions, cadet staff files, cadet bulletin boards, awards, and miscellaneous administrative duties not assigned to another staff officer.

Battalion S2 (c/CPT)-Nursing coordination: Risk assessments, nurse study halls, BDE, Nurse Visits and our c/medical advisor.


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Battalion S4 (c/CPT)- The Cadet Logistical Officer is responsible for Battalion S4 (c/ CPT)- The Cadet Logistical Officer is responsible for planning, organizing, and procuring supplies, billeting and transportation for cadet training and activities. Responsible for the maintenance and accountability of equipment used during training exercises.

Battalion S5 (c/CPT)- Responsible for promoting awareness, understanding, and support of ROTC on campus. Also responsible for media relations and coverage of all cadet activities. Coordinates and staffs recruiting events and public affairs.

Company Commanders (c/CPT)- Company commanders work closely with MS III leadership and are responsible for their specific company. Commanders are respon‐ sible for putting out physical training (PT) guidance, a PT schedule, and conducting weekly training meetings. During these meetings, the commander will brief the MS III leadership on upcoming events and take care of any issues .




Cadet Private Cadet Private First Class Cadet Corporal Cadet Sergeant Cadet Staff Sergeant Cadet Sergeant First Class Cadet Master Sergeant Cadet First Sergeant Cadet Sergeant Major Cadet Command Sergeant Major Cadet Second Lieutenant Cadet First Lieutenant

Cadet Captain Cadet Major Cadet Lieutenant Colonel

Cadet Colonel

CADET PRIVATE Worn by 1st Semester MSI Cadets CADET PRIVATE FIRST CLASS Worn by 2nd Semester MSI Cadets CADET CORPRAL Worn by 1st Semester MSII Cadets CADET SERGEANT Worn by 2nd Semester MSII Cadets CADET STAFF SERGEANT Worn by 1st Semester MSIII Cadets CADET SERGEANT FIRST CLASS Worn by 2nd Semester MSIII Cadets CADET MASTER SERGEANT Rarely used; by cadets who take senior


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It is important for cadets to learn military courtesies early on. While on campus it is important to project a disciplined and professional image to the public. In addition, the courtesies are a vital part of rendering proper respect to fellow soldiers. When commissioned, lieutenants are expected to have a mastery of military courtesies.

Some courtesies to know:

During events where cadets of all classes are present (MS Is, IIs, IIIs and IVs) cadets should address one another as Cadet/ Mr. or Ms. (Cadet Jones, Ms. Jones)

During times where cadets are only among a group of their peers, they can address each other by first or last name.

Whenever on a military installation and the National Anthem or “To the Colors” is played outdoors, all cadets must face towards the music, stand at attention, and render the proper salute

Cadets in uniform remove their hats upon entering any building.

CADET SECOND LIEUTENANT Worn by cadets at LDAC or by MSV cadets CADET FIRST LIEUTENANT Worn by MSIV cadets with a secondary staff


CADET CAPTAIN Worn by MSIV cadets with a primary staff/leadership position

CADET MAJOR Worn by the Cadet Battalion Executive Officer (an MSIV cadet position)

CADET LIEUTENANT COLONEL Worn by the Cadet Battalion Commander (the most prestigious cadet MSIV position) CADET COLONEL Not used within the Eagle Battalion ROTC


Army NCO Rank

Military Courtesy

Private and Private First Class– addressed as Private

Corporal and Specialist– addressed as Corporal and Specialist

Sergeant, Staff Sergeant, Sergeant First Class , Master Sergeant— addressed as Sergeant

First Sergeant– addressed as First Sergeant

Sergeant Major and Command Sergeant Major– addressed as Sergeant Major


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Army Officer Rank

A proper hand salute should be rendered to officers outdoors when in uni‐ form within 6 paces

Cadets must always address officers as Sir or Ma’am (NOT by rank or name)

When speaking to more than one officer, address males as Gentlemen and females as Ladies


How to Render a Proper Salute

When wearing headgear with a visor and not wearing glasses, raise the right hand sharply, fingers and thumb extended and joined, palm facing down, and place the right forefinger on the rim of the visor slightly to the right of the right eye. The outer edge of the hand is barely canted down‐ ward so that neither the back of the hand nor the palm is clearly visible from the front. Then hand and wrist are straight, the elbow inclined slightly forward, and the upper arm horizontal. (1)

When wearing headgear without a visor and not wearing glasses, execute the hand salute in the same manner as described above, except touch the


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Uniforms will be issued at no cost to the cadet. All scholarship and Advance Course cadets, as well as cadets participating in co-curricular activities, are issued uniforms. These uniforms remain the property of the U. S. Army and must be returned at the end of each school year. The cadet must pay for all items, which are lost or damaged. Wearing military clothing with civilian clothing is not al‐ lowed. This includes the wearing of a mix of clothing to non ROTC activities.


SMP cadets receive uniforms and equipment from their units. SMP cadets will receive cadet rank and insignia from ROTC, and any other required items that their units cannot provide.


The Supply Technician, will maintain a standard clothing issue form that details what clothing and equipment cadets receive and hand receipts for each cadet.


Each cadet is responsible for the maintenance and safeguarding of her or his uniform and equipment. Laundry and dry cleaning are the responsibility of the individual cadet. Alterations may be made only through the Supply Technician. On the next few pages are equipment lists that show the items that cadets are issued.


At times during the year, cadets are issued other equipment and/or clothing for specific purposes. This property should be safeguarded from loss and returned in a clean and usable condition upon completion of training.

Weapons are the property of the Eagle BN and will not be removed from the supply house except for authorized purposes; i.e., classroom instruction, leader‐ ship lab, or other authorized training exercises.


University of Wisconsin-La Crosse ROTC Handbook





Motorcycles are unlike any other recreational vehicle. Boats, Jet skis, snowmobiles, and others have their own areas, and environments that allow them to be enjoyed in relative isolation. Motor-cycles, on the other hand, constantly interact with the local population. They share the same roads, and environments that everyone else populates. This puts motorcycles at an extreme disadvantage. Fifteen percent of Privately Owned Vehicles (POV) accidents in the Army are Motorcycle (MC) accidents, and these accidents account for fifty percent of Army POV fatalities. Therefore, all cadets and soldiers who ride a motorcycle are required to be extremely responsible people. Our ROTC program demands that whoever rides a motorcycle become educated on their two-wheeled vehicle and set the standards of conduct while on their motorcycle. All cadets who own a motorcycle must be licensed to operate the vehicle and have the vehicle insured. Cadets are also highly encouraged to take a motorcycle defensive driving course approved by the Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF) and taught by certified instructors with hands-on training. One of these courses is taught at Fort McCoy. For further information on the course contact LTC Johnson. Whenever cadets ride a motorcycle they must adhere to the Army Policy on wearing Personal Protection Equipment (PPE), even though the state of Wisconsin does not require the use of such equipment. Army PPE requirements are as follows:

A helmet certified to meet Department of Transportation (DOT) standards. Helmet must be properly fastened under the chin.

Impact or shatter resistant goggles or full-face shield properly attached to the helmet. A windshield or eyeglasses alone are not proper eye protection.

Sturdy Footwear is mandatory. Leather boots or over the ankle shoes are strongly encour-aged.

Long sleeved shirt or jacket, long trousers, and full-fingered gloves or mittens designed for use on a motorcycle.

A brightly colored outer upper garment during the day and a reflective upper garment during the night are required. Outer upper garment shall be clearly visible and not covered.


As with motorcycles, cadets must also be responsible when riding a bicycle. Cadets who ride bicycles are required to wear a bicycle helmet with the chin-strap fastened at all times while riding. Cadets are also strongly encouraged to wear the reflective belt from the IPFU across their chest while riding bicycles. It is the cadet’s duty and responsibility to ensure they adhere to the Army’s safety and PPE requirements while riding bicycles or motorcycles.




Commissioned officers serve the United States and they are entrust‐ ed by a self-governing society with its guardianship; they hold force in hand. They are responsible for the vast resources in personnel, money, and material placed at their disposal by the citizens of our country in order to keep the nation secure. This is high responsibil‐ ity, and to be worthy of such trust requires a high ethical and moral standard.

The development of high ethical and moral standards is the primary component of our military education system. ROTC graduates must have the wisdom and courage to maintain high standards of profes‐ sional conduct. All professional officers subscribe to the basic prin‐ ciple that an officer’s word is his/her bond, and this simple state‐ ment clearly prescribes uncompromising honesty in any endeavor.

Whether in peace or war, professional officers must never waiver in their devotion to the ideal of integrity in every action. In their rou‐ tine affairs, they must respond truthfully to the requests and needs of superiors and subordinate alike. They can be nothing less than completely honest with those who depend daily on the correctness and accuracy of their actions. Such responsibility is exacting and the nation will accept no less. Officers’ decisions and actions greatly influence those around them; they must exercise complete honesty and be straightforward in every effort.


The Army is a uniformed service where discipline is judged, in part, by the manner in which a soldier wears a prescribed uniform, as well as by the individual’s personal appearance. Therefore, a neat and well-groomed appearance by all cadets is fundamental in ROTC and contributes to building the pride and esprit essential to an effective military force.


University of Wisconsin-La Crosse ROTC Handbook



Each cadet will maintain a high standard of dress and appearance. Uniforms will be properly fitted, cleaned, serviceable and pressed as necessary. Uniforms will be kept buttoned, zippered, and snapped. Non subdued metallic devices will be kept in proper luster and shoes/boots will be cleaned and shined.


ROTC cadets may wear the issued uniform within the United States during the occasions listed below:

(1) Contracted cadets are required to wear their ACUs to Military Science class, lab and other training events (FTX).

(2) All cadets must wear the PRT uniform on PRT days with the issued reflective belt and white socks, without logos, that cover the ankles.

(3) All contracted ROTC cadets must wear the ACUs all day on Tuesday (Bravo Company) or Thursdays (Alpha Company) for lab. (4) Visiting a military station for participation in military drills or


(5) Attending other functions as authorized by the Battalion Commander for such wear.

Cadets are not allowed to wear anything displaying logos while in uniform.

Mixing military with civilian attire is not authorized.*

*This includes no wearing of civilian jackets or pants over the winter Improved Physical Fitness Uniform (IPFU).


The following shows the various uniforms that cadets must wear for certain activities in ROTC and how they should be worn.

Uniform for Class, Leadership Lab and other

training events


ACUs– Army Combat Uniform Combat Boots (no laces showing)

PC (Patrol Cap) with rank

Rank, Flag, name and ROTC patches

ID tags

Uniform for Physical Readiness Training (PRT):

APFU trunks APFU shirt

Reflective Belt (worn around the waist or over the right shoulder across the chest diagonally over jacket)

White socks with no writing that cover the ankles Tennis shoes

APFU jacket, pants, black hat and leather gloves with inserts during winter

Uniform for Military Ball, Dining In, Commissioning

Ceremo-ny, Spring Awards Ceremony:

Dress Blues skirt (females), trousers (males) Head Gear: Black army beret.

Long-sleeved white collared shirts are worn to spring awards ceremony, military ball, dining in, and commissioning ceremony .


University of Wisconsin-La Crosse ROTC Handbook



All ROTC cadets must maintain a clean and well groomed appear‐ ance. Hair will be neatly groomed. The length and bulk will not be excessive or present a ragged, unkempt or extreme appearance. The following addresses how hair should be kept for male and female cadets.


Hair will not fall over the eyebrows or extend below the top edge of the collar when combed. Extreme or fad style haircuts are not au‐ thorized. Males will keep sideburns neatly trimmed. Sideburns may not be flared; the base of the sideburn will be a clean shaven, hori‐ zontal line. Sideburns will not extend below the lowest part of the exterior ear opening. Males will keep their face clean-shaven.


Hair will not fall over the eyebrows or extend below the bottom edge of the collar. Hair styles will not interfere with proper wearing of military headgear or protective masks.

Hair holding ornaments (barrettes, pin, clips), if used, must be transparent or similar in color to the hair, and will be inconspicu‐ ously placed. Beads or similar ornamental items are not authorized in uniform or in civilian clothes on duty.



Cadets may wear a wristwatch, a wrist identification bracelet, and a total of two rings (a wedding set is considered one ring) with Army uniforms, unless prohibited by the commander for safety or health reasons. Any jewelry soldiers wear must be conservative and in good taste. Identification bracelets are limited to medical alert bracelets and MIA/POW identification bracelets. Cadets may wear only one item on each wrist. Ankle bracelets, necklaces, faddish (trendy) devices, medal‐ lions, amulets, and personal talismans or icons are not authorized for wear in any military uniform.

No jewelry, watches, chains or similar items, to include pens and pen‐ cils, will appear exposed on the uniform. (pens and pencils may appear exposed on ACUs) Male cadets will not wear any type of earring when in uniform or when wearing civilian clothing on duty.


Cadets may not attach, affix, or display objects, articles, jewelry, or ornamentation to or through the skin while they are in uniform, in civilian clothes on duty, or in civilian clothes off duty (this includes earrings for male soldiers). The only exception is for female soldiers, as indicated below . (The term “skin” is not confined to external skin, but includes the tongue, lips, inside the mouth, and other surfaces of the body not readily visible).


Females are authorized to wear prescribed earrings :

Earrings may be screw-on, clip-on, or post-type earrings, in gold, silver, white pearl, or diamond.

The earrings will not exceed 6 mm or


inch in diameter, and they must be unadorned and spherical.

When worn, the earrings will fit snugly against the ear.

Females may wear earrings only as a matched pair, with only one earring per ear lobe.

Females are not authorized to wear earrings with their ACUs or physi‐ cal fitness uniform. When on duty in civilian attire, female soldiers must comply with the specifications listed above when wearing ear‐


University of Wisconsin-La Crosse ROTC Handbook



Conservative civilian prescription eyeglasses are authorized for wear with all uniforms.

Conservative prescription and nonprescription sunglasses are authorized for wear when in a garrison environment, except when in formation and while indoors. Individuals who are required by medical authority to wear sunglasses for medical reasons other than refractive error may wear them, except when health or safety considerations apply. Cadets may not wear sunglasses in the field, unless required by the commander for safety reasons in high glare field environments.

Eyeglasses or sunglasses that are trendy, or have lenses or frames with initials, designs, or other adornments are not authorized for wear. Cadets may not wear lenses with extreme or trendy colors, which include, but are not limited to, red, yellow, blue, purple, bright green, and orange. Lens colors must be traditional gray, brown, or dark green shades. Personnel will not wear lenses or frames that are so large or small that they detract from the appear‐ ance of the uniform. Personnel will not attach chains, bands, or ribbons to eyeglasses. Eyeglass restraints are authorized only when required for safety purposes. Personnel will not hang eyeglasses or eyeglass cases on the uniform, and may not let glasses hang from eyeglass restraints down the front of the uniform.


University of Wisconsin-La Crosse ROTC Handbook




The cadet bulletin board for A Co is located next to the lounge in the lower level of the Whitney Center and is used by the cadet Com‐ pany Commanders to post information. The board contains train‐ ing schedules for three weeks out, excusal forms, mentoring and counseling forms.

Cadets who attend Winona State and St. Mary’s can find additional resources in the ROTC office at Winona State. The office is located in the Wabasha Recreational Center in room LL 127


The ROTC blackboard is meant to give all cadets access to a variety of different information. Posted under “Eagle BN ROTC” cadets can then access a multitude of documents. Cadets can access their re‐ spective company’s training schedules, read battalion policies, find a battalion roster, and see the PRT schedule. Cadets can also view all Eagle Times Newsletters, APFT scores, and any training guidance for the academic year. Cadets can print off mentor sheets, pre-rotation counseling, and excusal forms. The battalion S3 also posts updated Operation Orders (OPORDs-orders that tell cadets what is occurring for training, the needed supplies and required uniform) and the rest of the staff ensures that information is kept up-to-date. Blackboard is also used by the ROTC instructors to provide cadets with power point presentations, grades and other documents used for projects or homework.




The cadet lounge is provided for cadet relaxation and study. It has a TV and military books and magazines for leisure reading. The lounge is located in the Military Sci‐ ence Department, room 60, in the lower level of the Whitney Center at UWL.


AKO (Army Knowledge Online) is a site that offers email, military news, training and medical information and many other resources. All contracted cadets will be given an AKO email address and access to the site. Follow these instructions to set up your AKO account:

Go to

Under New User select Register for AKO

In the next pop up screen, contracted cadets click Create Full Account

Enter your Social Security Number and date of birth

Enter Date of Cadet Initial Enrollment Date in the Pay Entry Base Date ( this is found in the Student Management Enrollment screen.

The next screen will display the Cadet Name. Follow the directions on the screen.

For Organization enter the ROTC University Name, ROTC battalion address and phone number.

If you have problems getting an account established, call the AKO help desk at 703-704-HELP. If they can resolve your problem, send the Cadet Name, ROTC Universi‐ ty, DOB and POC phone number to


MyPay is a secure site that allows military personnel to receive and view all leave and earning statements (LES) electronically. After cadets commission as officers,


University of Wisconsin-La Crosse ROTC Handbook





If you are an individual that has not received a scholarship, the ROTC program can offer two, three, and four-year scholarships. Students interested in these scholarships can compete for these scholarships by enrolling in Army ROTC Military Science classes, attending lab, physical training and participating in other ROTC activities.


The Simultaneous Membership Program (SMP) allows an MS II or MS III cadet to combine ROTC and service in the Army National Guard or U.S. Army Reserve. In the guard or reserve, the cadet serves as an officer-trainee in the minimum pay grade of E-5. Cadets formally holding ranks higher than E-5 will be paid commensurate to their rank prior to becoming a cadet. The program offers valuable leadership development opportunity in addition to added financial benefits.

Scholarship students, except for Guaranteed Reserve Forces Duty, are not eligible to participate in this program. In the event that ROTC activities conflict with reserve or guard activities, the ROTC requirements have precedence. Cadets who have attended Basic Training and completed AIT are also eligible for benefits under the Montgomery GI Bill.

Green to Gold cadets may also be eligible for benefits under the Montgomery GI Bill if they have completed requirements.


The program provides scholarship opportunities to college students who will be juniors in the fall of the year the scholarship is awarded. The two-year scholarships available in the GRFD program require recipients to be in either a National Guard or Reserve Unit.

The U.S. Army ROTC GRFD and Dedicated Army National Guard scholarships provide 100% financial assistance toward college tui‐ tion and education fees. You will also earn drill pay for participating in National Guard or Army Reserve training activities.

The ARNG scholarship requires an eight-year obligation served in an ARNG unit. The individual cannot request active duty.


Obligations: If selected for an Army ROTC GRFD or Dedicated Army National Guard Scholarship, and you accept, you are obligated to:

- Agree to serve in the ARNG/USAR for a period of 8 years.

- Join the Simultaneous Membership Program (SMP) and participate regularly with a National Guard or Army Reserve unit.

- Pursue the academic discipline (if applicable) identified in the letter that notifies you of your selection as a scholarship recipient.

- Accept a commission to serve on active duty or reserve duty (Army National Guard or Army

Reserve) upon completion of the required academic and ROTC Courses.

- Scholarships are awarded on the basis of Character, U.S. Citizen‐ ship, Age, Motivation, Officer Potential, Academic Excellence, Phys‐ ical Fitness and Medical Fitness.


In addition to the two, three and four year scholarships that are available to high school seniors, the Army ROTC Scholarships pay for tuition and provide a cash allowance for textbooks and other fees (currently $1200 per academic year/$600 a semester), in addi‐ tion to a monthly subsistence allowance during the school year (September to May). Cadets who do not receive any scholarship, but who still wish to complete the program to become army officers can still contract and receive the monthly stipend.

MS Class

Pay (monthly)











Related subjects : ROTC Programs