A G U / * P E OF W O R K * OF A R T E X H I B I T E D IN T H E G R E E K P A V I L I O N A T T H E N E W Y O R K

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A G U / * P ¿ E O F W O R K * O F A R T

E X H I B I T E D I N T H E G R E E K

P A V I L I O N A T T H E N E W Y O R K

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1

~HE New

York

World'* Fair is one of the yreatest manifestations

of human goodwill.

Evcry country is participating in il with the best producís of ih inventive

spirti and

tahour.

The concentration

in

this greatest city of the world of such

a

large number

of

works

accomplished tlianks lo human expérience and persisterne constitutes

the soundest

évidence

of

man*

faith in peaceful coopération,

as

well as of

hi*

détermination lo preserve and develop the fruits of civiliza!ion which so

mann

générations bequeathed to him.

The greal international exhibitions of modern

times promole

peace and

stimatale

noble compétition among

nations iti

their

common efforts

for raising

the standard of Ufe. A

parallel lo thèse

is afforded by the athletic contests

of

ancien! Greece. Then,

as

to-day, spirited rivalry

was

incited in the athletic

field, white,

in

addition,

a trace iras

declared during the game» throughout

the

Greek

World.

Speakiiiij <m behalf

of the

whole Greek

people, l wish to extend

a conimi

greeting to the noble

American mil ion,

with

whom Greece is

linked by a long

lesici

friendship, and whose progress

and contribution

to the

civiliza/ion

of

our

times

every Greek follows with

affection

and admiration.

I

also wisli

lo

lake

this opportunity of extending a most

bearli/

greeting

to the numerous Greeks living

in

the United States, who,although pairiotic and

loyal

Citizens

of

their

new

country,

which

bas su

generously received them,

have not ceased io

cherish

affezionate

sentiments

towards

their

Mother

country. J. M E T A X A S

P R I M E M I N I S T E R O F G R E E C E

ANCIENT WORKS OF ART

In the archaeological Museum of Athens are housed fragments of a group of four huge statues representing Artemis, Demeter, Kore and the Titan Anytos, all of which were erected in the Temple of Despoina at Lycosura in the Péloponnèse.

T h e y are the work of Damophon, the famous Messenian

Sculptor, who flourished in the second Century B. C.

The pictures on this page show a fragment of the garment of

Kore-Despoina, most remarkable for its unique représentations in low relief of various démons in the form of grotesque animais holding religious

orgies.

They exhibit great animation, which is enough to make this piece of sculpture most interesting. The way thèse fantastic animais are portrayed prompts one to as-sociate the scènes depicted with the humorous attitude of animais drawn by présent day artists for the mov-ing pictures, and one cannot resist the temptation of considering the ancient Greek Sculptor an uncons-cious forerunner of the admirable Micky Mouse créations.

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O N THIS AND THE FOLLOWING THREE PAGES ARE SHOWN PICTURES OF ANCIENT GREEK SCULPTURES, WHICH GREECE HAS ARRANGEA TO BE DISPLAYED IN HER PAVILION IN HONOUR OF THE N E W YORK WORLD'S FAIR. T H E Y ARE ORIGINAL MASTERPIECES B Y GREAT ARTISTS OF ANCIENT GREECE. F R O M THÈSE SCULPTURES ONE M A Y FOLLOW THE ÉVOLUTION OF ART FROM THE ARCHAIC PERIOD DOWN TO THE SECOND CENTURY B . C .

A M O N G THE SCULPTURES BROUGHT TO LIGHT DURING THE EXTENSIVE OPÉRATIONS IN 1 8 8 5 OF CLEARING THE ACROPOLIS OF ATHENS OF AIL STRUCTURES AND HABITATIONS ERECTED THERE PRIOR TO THE INDEPENDENCE OF GREECE, A NUMBER OF STATUES

REPRESENTING GRACEFUL MAIDENS WERE UNEARTHED. THESE WERE NOT IDENTIFIED AS DEPICTING ANY DEITY ; THEY WERE IN AIL PROBABILITY VOTIVE OFFERINGS TO THE G O D S .

ANCIENT WORKS OF ART

KNOWN B Y THE NAME OF " K O R A I " , GREEK FOR MAIDENS, THEY ARE HOUSED IN THE ACROPOLIS M U S E U M AND CONSTITUTE A COL-LECTION OF GREAT IMPORTANCE FOR STUDYING THE ÉVOLUTION OF GREEK SCULPTURE, AS THEY ARE TYPICAL WORKS OF IONIAN ART OF THE SIXTH CENTURY B . C .

T H E PICTURES ON THE PAGE TO THE LEFT SHOW TWO VIEWS OF ONE OF THÈSE EXQVIISITE STATUES. T H E ELABORATE IONIAN DRESS SHOWN STILL RETAINS TRACES OF COLOUR. T H E EYES, SLIGHTLY PROTUBÉRANT, WERE ALSO PAINTED, AS WELL AS THE "HAIR WHICH IS DRESSED IN THE ARCHAIC STYLE.

O N THIS PAGE ARE TWO VIEWS OF THE FAMOUS HEAD SO CALLED OF " A R I A D N E " , WHICH WAS FOUND IN THE SANCTUARY OF ASKLEPIOS IN ATHENS AND IS ONE OF THE BEST OF A SÉRIES OF HEADS EXHIBITED IN THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL M U S E U M OF ATHENS. T H E SCULPTOR OF THIS BEAUTIFUL WORK OF THE FOURTH CENTURY B . C . IS UNKNOWN, BUT ARCHAEOLOGISTS ARE OF THE OPINION THAT IT WAS MADE B Y A GREAT ARTIST OF THE CIRCLE OF PRAXITELES.

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THE ABOVE PICTURE DEPICTS THE WELL KNOVVN FUNEREAL STELE OF AMPHARETE, A BEAUTIFUL WORK OF THE FOURTH CENTURY B . C . FOUND IN THE CERANIICUS OF ATHENS. THE DEAD AMPHARETE IS PORTRAYED SEATED AS SHE HOLDS A BABY ON HER KNEES, TO WHOM SHE SHOWS A PLAYTHING IN THE FORM OF A BIRD.

THERE IS A HUMAN TOUCH OF AFFECTION IN THE ATTITUDE OF THÈSE FIGURES. A SAD NOTE IS MOREOVER ADDED BY THE INSCRIPTION READING AS FOLLOWS: " Τ Ε Κ Ν Ο Ν Ε Μ Η Σ Θ Υ Γ Α Τ Ρ Ο Σ Τ Ο Δ ' Ε Χ Ω ΦΙΛΟΝ Ο Μ Π Ε Ρ Ο Τ Ά Υ Γ Α Σ Ο Μ Μ Α Σ Ι Ν ΗΕΛΙΟΥ Ζ Ω Ν Τ Ε Σ Ε Δ Ε Ρ Κ Ο Μ ΕΘΑ ΕΙΧΟΝ Ε Μ Ο Ι Σ Γ Ο Ν Α Σ Ι Ν ΚΑΙ Ν Υ Ν Φ Θ Ι Μ Ε Ν Ο Ν Φ Θ Ι Μ Ε Ν Η Ε Χ Ω " . WHICH MEANS :

"HERE I AM HOLDING THE DEAR CHILD OF MY DAUGHTER, WHICH, WHEN WE WERE IN LIFE ENJOYING THE LIGHT OF THE SUN, I USED TO HOLD ON MY KNEES, AND WHICH NOW DEAD I HOLD AGAIN, WHILE I ALSO AM DEAD".

ANCIENT WORKS OF ART

THESE ARE TWO VIEWS OF A BRONZE HEAD OF A WOMAN, FOUND NEAR ANCIENT PERIN-THOS IN THRACE AND ATTRIBUTED TO THE END OF THE THIRD CENTURY B. C .

IT IS A REMARKABLY WELL PRESERVED WORK, TO WHICH TIME HAS GIVEN A CHARACTERISTIC TINT.THE HAIR IS MOST GRACEFULLY DRESSED.

V

V

THE HEAD SHOWN ON THE PAGE TO THE LEFT BELONGS TO THE GREAT STATUE OF THE TITAN ANYTOS, ONE OF A GROUP OF FOUR STATUES ERECTED IN THE TEMPIE OF DESPOINA AT L Y -COSURA IN ARCADIA, AS MENTIONED ABOVE.

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HERE ARE SOME OF THE

FITI EST EXAMPLES OF ANCIENT

GREEK ART, FOUND DURING

EXCAVATIONS AND HOUSED

IN DIFFÉRENT M U S É U M S IN GREECE.

A REPRODUCTION OF THE FANIONS FAÏENCE FIGURINE OF THE SNAKE GODDESS, FOUND IN THE PALACE OF MINOS AT KNOSSOS AND NOW EXHIBITED IN THE M U -SEUM OF HERACLEION IN CRETE.

IT IS A WONDERFUL ARTISTIC WORK OF THE MIDDLE M I -NOAN PERIOD (ABOUT 1 7 5 0 B . C . ) , VERV REMARKABLE FOR ITS POSTURE AND THE DRESS.

T H E CHARGING BULL, A RELIEF WHICH STOOD ON THE WALL OF A COLONNADE, AT THE NORTH ENTRANCE TO THE PALACE OF MINOS, K N O S -SOS, CRETE. IT BAS BEEN REPRODUCED FROM A NUMBER OF FRAGMENTS FOUND.

T H E POWERFUL BULL IS RENDERED WITH FINE ARTISTIC FEELING AUD GREAT TECHNICAL SKILL. IT IS INCREDIBLE THAT SUCH ART. EXISTED FOUR

T H E BEAUTIFUL VASE BELOW IS AN AMPHORA OF THE "GEOMETRIE" STYLE. T H E TERNI IS APPLIED BECAUSE THE DÉCORATIONS CONSIST OF LINEAR OR GEOMETRIE PATTERNS DISTRIBUTED,IN STRICT CONFORMITY WITH THE SHAPE OF THE VASE, WITH ALMOST MATHEMATIEAL RE-GULARITY. T H I S WONDERFUL STYLE OF VASE PAINTING FLOURISHED ABOUT THE NINTH CENTURY B . C .

THERE IS AN ENDLESS VARIETY OF ANCIENT CUPS AND VASES OF METAL, CLAY OR STONE, EACH O.NE HAVING A SPECIAL NAME ACCORDING TO SHAPE OR USE, SUCH AS AMPHORA, HYDRIA, LEKYTHOS, KYLIX AND THE LIKE.THE ABOVE IS A SPLENDID SPECIMEN OF THE TYPE KNOWN AS KANTHAROS.

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P O T T E R Y

\Ta s e m a k i n g a n d p o t t e r y p a i n t i n g h a s b e c n a h o b b y a n d a n i n d u s t r y of t h e G r e e k p e o p l e s i n e e r e m o t e s t a n t i q u i t y . T h e s k i l l r é q u i r e d b e i n g i n ­ n a t e i n t h e G r e e k s , it is o n l y n a t u r a i t h a t it w o u l d g i v e r i s e t o a r e v i v a l o f t h i s n o b l e a r t a n d i t s i n d u s t r i a i e x p l o i t a t i o n . G l a s s w a r e i n d u s t r y h a s a l s o b e e n d e v e l o p e d t o a h i g h a r t i s t i c l e v e l , t o w h i e h t h e é l é g a n t f o r m s of g l a s s a r t i c l e s s h o w n a r e a n é l o q u e n t é v i d e n c e .

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POPULÄR CRAFTS

!

AND INDUSTRIES

r

1

:

\WB*W

Repousse style silver articles, made to old patterns, elicit special interest. Craftsmen, who inherit their skill from their forefathers, carry on a trade which flourished in Byzantine times.

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P E A S A N T L I F E

In this classic land of Greece peasant life goes on as of old. There is a con-spicuous absencc of extensive estates, each peasant family owning, more or less, just enough land to live upon. Due to the mountainous character of the eountrj' and the scarcity of rieh soil, heavy work is demanded from land toilers.Nevertheless, the exquisite flavour of the Grecian produets compe'nsates for the lack of high grade fertility of the soil.

In places the primitive plough is still to be seen, and harvesting and threshing is carried on in the simplest manner used thousands

of \-ears ago.

In summer peasants toil in the fields from sunrise to sunset, under brilliant sunshine in the bluest sky ever seen; yet, they go through their daily work untiringly, thanks to the balmy breezes from the mountains or the sea tempering the heat of summer.

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T h e p o t t e r y d e p i c t e d i s k n o w n a s " K u t a h i a " , w l i i c h i s t h e n a m e o f a t o w n i n A s i a M i n o r w h e r e i t o r i g i n a t e d . I t s o u t s t a n d i n g c h a r a c t e -r i s t i c s a -r e g l a z e d s u -r f a e e a n d s t y l i z e d d e s i g n s , m o s t l y i n v i v i d b l u e o n w h i t e b a c k g r o u n d .

K U T A H I A

P O T T E R Y

T h i s k i n d o f w o r k i s a n e w a c q u i s i t i o n o f G r e e k i n d u s t r y , i n t r o d u c e d b y t h e G r e c i a n w o r k e r s w h o e m i g r a t e d t o G r e e c e f r o m A s i a M i n o r a f t e r t h e g r e a t w a r . T h e n e w i n d u s t r y w a s f o r t u n a t e i n f i n d i n g i n i t s n e w h o m e t h a t s a n i e a r t i s t i c I n s p i r a t i o n w h i c h h e l p e d t o m a k e G r e e c e o f o l d f a m o u s f o r i t s v a s e s . P H O T O S N E L L Y ' S P U B L I S H E D B Y T H E UN D E R — S E C R E T A R I A T A R T l Q T i r « l l P P P U l B i n w 0F STATE pOR T H E P R E S S A N D T O U R I S M A R T I S T I C S U P E R V I S I O N P R I N T E D IN G R E E C E B Y T H E G . G E R O N D A S NO 1 1 8 - 1 0 0 0 0 - 4 . 3 9 A S P I O T I - E L K A G R A P H I C A R T S C o . L T D .

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