THE TREASURY OF AHADITH (SAYINGS & DEEDS) OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD (S.A.S)

Full text

(1)

THE TREASURY OF AHADITH

(SAYINGS & DEEDS) OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD (S.A.S)

PREFACE :

The Importance of Ahadith, or Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.S) cannot be over emphasized. While the Qur’an is the divine revelation, the Sunnah is its practical exemplification.

Prophet Muhammad’s (S.A.S) life was a divinely guided commentary on the Qur’an as testified by his wife Syeda Ayesha (R.A) (may Allah be pleased with her) who said of him:”his character was a living example of the Qur’an.” The Qur’an leaves no doubt that the prophet’s life examples have to be followed at all cost;”and whatever the Messenger gives you, take it and whatever he forbids, abstain from it.” (the Qur’an 59:7)

In his address at the farewell pilgrimage, the Prophet (S.A.S) Reminds us about the importance of

Sunnah along with that of the Qur’an;

“I am leaving two things amongst you after my death. If you hold them fast, you will not go Astray from the right path. The one is the Qur’an and the other is the Sunnah.”

The teachings of the Prophet(SAS) comprising beliefs, habits, affairs of life, devotional acts, salvation and beneficence and good deeds for the sake of Allah’s(God’s) pleasure over and above those actuated by ‘Taqwa’ (Piety or fear of Allah). It is a limitless ocean leaving nothing out that concerns mankind in any way.

In the pursuit of Allah’s Pleasure and a rewarding life both in the world and the Hereafter, the valuable collection of Ahadith presented here. May Allah give best reward to the contributors, Aameen.

Ghulam Mohiuddin Retired engineer, USA

(2)

1. Basic Pillars of Islam (Definition of Islam)

Ibn umar (R.A) related that Muhammad (S.A.S) said : Islam is based on Five(5) things : a. Bearing witness that there is no god except Allah and that Muhammad (S.A.S) is Allah’s Messenger.

b. To observe Salah. c. To Fast during Ramadan. d. To pay Zakat and e. To perform Haj to Allah’s House. ( Bukhari, Muslim)

2. Three levels of Belief : Islam, Iman and Ihsan :

The definition of Islam is same as given in Hadith No.1 above. This definition was replied by the Prophet (S.A.S) to Angel Jibriel.

Iman: Means that you should believe in Allah (God), His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Last Day , and that one should believe in the decreeing both of Good and Evil. This was the reply given to Angel Jibriel by the prophet (S.A.S).

Ihsan : means that you should worship Allah as though you see him, for even though you do not see Him, still, He sees you. This was the reply given to Angel by the Prophet (S.A.S) (Muslim) 3. Anas (R.A) related that Prophet Muhammad (S.A.S)said: He who loves my Sunnah has loved me,

And he who loves me will be with me in Paradise. (Tirmidh)

Comment: Many people claim to love the Prophet (S.A.S) but merely sing songs in his Praise. If one

really loves the Messenger (S.A.S) of God he should love his Sunnah. Follow his conduct and propagate his Message for which he was raised.

4. THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT

Abu Burdah (R.A) related that Muhammad (S.A.S) said : On the Day of Judgment each slave of Allah will remain standing (before his Lord) until he is Questioned about (Five Things) : About his life how he spent it, about his knowledge how much he acted upon it, about his money, how he acquired it and how he spent it, and about his body (and health), how he used it. (Muslim) 5. SALAT : The Second Pillar of Islam

a) Jabir (R.A) related that prophet (S.A.S) said : giving up Salat (Prayer) is equivalent to unbelief

and Paganism. (Muslim)

b) Abu Hurairah (R.A) related that the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.S) said : Tell me, if there was a river at the door of one of you in which he washed five times everyday, would any of his dirt remain? When he received the reply that none of it would remain, he said : that is Like the Five Times Salat (Prayer), with which Allah wipes out Sin. (Bukhari, Muslim)

(3)

6. MUTUAL GREETINGS

a) Abdullah Ibn Amr narrated that a man once asked Prophet (S.A.S) what aspect of Islam was the best, and he said : you should provide food and greet both those you know and those you do not. (Bukhari & Muslim)

b) Abu Hurairah (R.A) related that Muhammad (S.A.S) said : you will not enter Heaven until you believe, and you will not believe until you love each other. Let me guide you to something which will cause you love each other : Spreading the Greetings of peace (As-Salamu Alaikum). – (Muslim)

7. REGARDS TOWARDS PARENTS:

Abu Hurairah (R.A) related that Muhammad (S.A.S) said : May his nose be rubbed in dust ( he repeated same sentence three times), who found his parents, one or both approaching old age and

did not enter paradise through serving them. (Muslim)

According to Muawiya (R.A) Muhammad (S.A.S) also said : your Heaven lies under the feet of your

Mother. (Ahmad & Nasai)

8.MARRIAGE

Abu Hurairah (R.A) related that the Prophet (S.A.S) said : people marry women for four reasons. For their money, for their rank, for their beauty and for their religion, but marry one who is religious and

you will succeed. (Bukhari, Muslim)

9.DIVORCE

a) Abdullah Ibn Umar (R.A) related that the Messenger (S.A.S) of Allah said : The most hateful to

Allah (God) of All permitted things is Divorce. (Abu Daud)

b) According to Soban (R.A) that Prophet Muhammad (S.A.S) said : The sweet smell of Paradise is

forbidden to the woman who demands divorce form her husband except on account of severe

hardships. (Abu Daud, Ahmed,Tirmidhi)

Comment : Islam teaches us to have strong family bonds. Thus the home in an Islamic society is very strong and stable Institution. Consequently, the rate of divorce in Muslim countries is very low. 10. INHERITANCE:

Narrated Amr Bin Harith, the brother of the wife of Allah’s Messenger (S.A.S) Juwairiya Bint Al-Harith : when Allah’s Messenger (S.A.S) died, he did not leave any Dirham or Dinar (i.e. Money), a slave or a slave woman except his white Mule, his Arms and a piece of Land which he had given in charity.

Comment : 1/3rd of the Assets can be given in charity but that is also too much. So the Inheritors have more Right.

(4)

Narrated Abu Masud Al – Ansari (R.A) : Rasool Allah said, when a Muslim spends something on his family Intending to receive Allah’s Reward, It is regarded as Sadaqa (Charity) for him.

11. WIDOWS:

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A) : Rasool Allah (S.A.S) said : The one who looks after the widow or a poor person is like a Mujahid (Warrior) who fights for Allah’s cause or like him who performs prayers all the night and fasts all the day.

12. (Don’t Marry Christian, Jewish or Mushrik Woman)

Narrated Nafi : Whenever Ibn Umar was asked about marrying a Christian or Jewish lady, he would say “Allah has made it unlawful for the believers to marry ladies who ascribe partners in worship to Allah and I do not know of a greater thing, as regards to ascribing partners in worship etc. to Allah, than that a lady should say that Jesus is her lord although he is just a slave from the slaves of Allah.” “Do not marry Idolatresses till they believe (i.e. worship Allah alone), and indeed a slave woman who believes is better than a free Idolatress even though she pleases you. (Qur’an 2:221)

13. (FAJR/ASR Salat) Prayers

Narrated Ibn Umar (R.A) : Rasool Allah (S.A.S) said: “Whoever misses the Asr prayer (Intentionally) Then it is as if he lost his family and property.

If you loose Asr prayer all your good deeds will be Annulled FAJR & ASR salat: Do not miss them. Qur’an (50:39)

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A): Rasool Allah (S.A.S) said: “If anyone of you can get one Raka of the Asr prayer before sunset, he should complete his prayer. If any one of you can get one Raka of the Fajr prayer before Sunrise, he should complete his prayer.”

Comment: Importance of Asr prayer given in Qur’an (2:238) 14. Special status of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.S.)

Narrated Jabir Bin Abdullah (R.A): Muhammad (S.A.S) said “I have been given five (things) which were not given to anyone else before me.

1. Allah made me victorious by Awe (by his frightening my enemies) for a distance of one month journey.

2. The earth has been made for me (and for my followers) a place for praying and a thing to purify (perform Tayammum) therefore anyone of my followers can pray wherever the time of prayer is due.

3. The booty has been made Halal (Lawful) for me and yet it was not lawful for anyone else before me.

(5)

5. Every Prophet used to be sent to his nation only but I have been sent to all Mankind.” 15. GOOD DEEDS

Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari (R.A): The Prophet (S.A.S) said: “Give food to the hungry, pay a visit to the sick and release(set free) the one in captivity (by paying his ransom).”

16. LAST STATEMENT OF ABRAHAM (Pbuh)

Narrated Ibn Abbas (R.A): The last statement of Prophet Abraham when he was thrown into fire was: “Allah (God) alone is sufficient for me, and he is the best disposer of my affairs.”

(Hadith 87, Al-Bukhari )

17. MESSENGERSHIP OF MUHAMMAD (S.A.S)

It is obligatory to have belief in the Messenger-ship of the prophet Muhammad (S.A.S):

Narrated abu Huraira (R.A): Allah’s Messenger, i.e. Muhammad (S.A.S) said : “By him (Allah) in whose hands Muhammad’s Soul is , there is none from amongst the Jews and the Christians (of these present nations) who hears about me and then dies without believing in the Message with which I have been sent by God (i.e. Islamic Monotheism) but he will be from the dwellers of the (Hell) Fire.” (Sahih Muslim, The book of faith, Vol.1, Chapter 240)

18. TELLING LIES AGAINST ALLAH

9. Narrated Ibn Abbas (R.A): The Prophet (S.A.S) said, “Allah said , the son of Adam tells a lie against me though he has no right to do so. As for his telling a lie against me, it is that he claims that I cannot recreate him as I created him before; and as for his abusing me, it is his statement that I have a Son (or offspring etc.) No! Glorified be Me! I am far from taking a wife or a son (or offspring etc.); (Hadith 9, Al-Bukhari)

19. TONGUE & PRIVATE PART

481: Narrated Sahl Bin Sa’ad: Allah’s Messenger (S.A.S) said, “Whoever can guarantee (the chastity of) what is between his two Jaw-bones and what is between his two legs (i.e. his mouth tongue and his private parts), I guarantee paradise for him.” (Al-Bukhari, H 481 )

Note: whoever protects his tongue from illegal talk e.g. to tell lies or backbite and his mouth from eating and drinking forbidden things etc. and his private parts for illegal sex.

20. NIGHT’S PRAYER

246: Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A): Allah’s Messenger (S.A.S) said, “Our Lord, the blessed, the superior, comes down every night on the nearest heaven to us during the last third of the night and he says: (Is there anyone) who invokes me (demand) anything from Me so that I may respond to ‘his invocation? (Is there anyone) who asks me for something so that I may grant him his request? (Is there anyone) who seeks my forgiveness so that I may forgive him?” (Al-Bukhari, H 246)

(6)

21. CARE OF WOMEN

114: Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A), The Prophet (S.A.S) said: ”whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should not hurt (trouble) his neighbor. And I command you to take care of the women in a good manner, for they are created from a rib and the most bent portion of the rib is its upper part; if you try to straighten it, you will break it and if you leave it, it will remain bent, so I command you to take

care of the women in a good manner.” (Al-Bukhari, h-114)

22. SHIRK

551: Narrated Anas (R.A), The Prophet (S.A.S) said: “Allah will say to that person of the (Hell) fire who will receive the least punishment, “If you have every thing on the earth, would you give it as a ransom to free yourself (i.e. save yourself from this Hell fire)?” he will reply ‘yes’. Then Allah will say, “While you were in the backbone of Adam, I asked you much less that this, i.e. not to worship others besides Me, but you insisted on worshipping others besides Me.” (Al-Bukhari, h-551) Allah says in the Qur’an (34:42): “So today (i.e. The Day Of Resurrection), none of you can profit or harm one another, we shall say to those who did wrong; i.e. worshipped others (like Angels, Jinns, Prophets, Saints Righteous Persons etc.) along with Allah. Taste the torment of the fire which you used to belief.” ( According to Qur’an 39:65, if you join others in worship with Allah All your Deeds will be vain and certainly you will be among the losers.)

23. EVERLASTING BLISS

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A) in Sahih Muslim, Allah’s Messenger (S.A.S) said: ”When a person is dead, his deed are ceased (stopped) except from three:

1. Deeds of Continuous Sadaqa (Act of charity) i.e. an orphan home or a well for giving water to drink 2. (Written) Knowledge with which mankind gets benefit.

3. A righteous pious son (or daughter) who begs Allah to forgive his or her parents.” 24. KIND OF DIVINE INSPIRATION

438: Narrated Syeda Aisha (R.A): Al-Harith Bin Hisham asked the Prophet (S.A.S), “How does the divine Inspiration comes to you?” He replied, “In all these ways: the Angel Sometimes come to me with voice which resembles the sound of a Ringing Bell, and when this state abandons me, I remember what the angel has said, and this type of divine Inspiration is the hardest on me; and sometimes the Angel comes to me in the shape of a man and talks to me, and I understand and

(7)

25. KINDNESS TO WIFE

Abu Hurairah related that Prophet Muhammad (S.A.S) said: the one most perfect in his faith is he whose conduct is best and the best amongst you is he who behaves best towards his wife. ( Tirmidhi )

26. KINDNESS TO DAUGHTER

Ibn Abbas (R.A) related that the Prophet (S.A.S) said: If anyone has a baby daughter, and does not bury her alive, nor ignore her, nor prefer his sons to her, Allah will bring him into paradise. (Abu daud) 27. MAJOR SINS & CRIMES

Abu Hurairah (R.A) related that the prophet (S.A.S) said: Avoid the seven destructive things:

a) That Allah (the Creator) has partners, b) Magic, c) Killing any human being without any cause d) Taking interest e) Using up the property of on orphan, f) Running away when an army advances and g) Slandering chaste women who are innocent believers. (Bukhari & Muslim)

The Qur’an says about Backbiting, do not speak ill of each other behind their backs. Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Nay, you would abhor it. (The Qur’an 49:12)

28 . BACKBITING & SLANDER

The Qur’an says about backbiting: Do not speak ill of each other behind their backs. Would any of you

like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Nay, you would. (Bukhari, Muslim) 29. LIE

Ibn Masud (R.A) related that Muhammad (S.A.S) said: keep telling truth, for truthfulness leads to good deeds, and good deeds lead to paradise. If someone continues to speak truth he will be recorded in Allah’s presence as being a truthful person. Avoid lying, for lying leads to wrong doing and wrong doing leads to hell; and if a man continues to tell lies, and makes lying his target, he will be recorded in Allah’s presence as a liar. (Bukhari & Muslim)

30. ALCOHOL AND OTHER NARCOTICS

Ibn Umar (R.A) reported that Muhammad (S.A.S) said: there are three kinds of persons for whom entry to paradise has been forbidden:

A Habitual Drunkard, one disobedient to parents and a careless husband who establishes impurity in his

family. (Ahmad, Nasai)

31. SUICIDE

Abu Hurairah reported that Muhammad (S.A.S) said: whoever kills himself with iron will dwell in Hell forever, and will hold that weapon and endlessly thrust it into his stomach. Whoever kills himself by drinking poison will endlessly drink it in the fire of hell, where he shall remain forever. Whoever kills

(8)

himself by jumping from the top of the mountain will fall endlessly (in the same manner) in Hell fire.

And each one of them remain in this state forever. (Muslim) 32. OPRESSION AND INJUSTICE

According to Abu Hurairah (R.A) Muhammad (S.A.S) said: the bankrupt among my people is he who will bring on the Day of Judgment Salat (prayer), Siyam (Fasting) and Zakat (charity), but who has insulted someone, and abused someone else, and devoured the property of someone else, and shed the blood of someone and beaten someone. Then this one and that one shall be given some of his good deeds and if his good deeds are used up before he pays what he owes, some of their sins will be cast upon him and

he will be thrown into hell. (Muslim) 33. False oath or witness

Abdullah Ibn Umar reported that the Prophet (S.A.S) said: Amongst the major sins are: Associating anything with Allah, disobedience to parents, murder and giving false evidence.

(Bukhari) 34. MODEL BEHAVIOUR AND CONDUCT

a) Hazrath Aisha (R.A) narrated that prophet (S.A.S) said: Allah (God) is gentle and loves gentleness in all things. (Bukhari, Muslim)

b) Harisah Ibn Wahb (R.A) reported that Allah’s Messenger (S.A.S) said: a rude and ill-tempered person shall not enter paradise. (Abu Daud)

c) Malik (R.A) told that he had heard that Muhammad (S.A.S) said: I have been sent by Allah (God) to perfect the noble qualities of conduct. (Ahmad, Malik)

35. BEING GENEROUS

a) Abu Hurairah reported that Muhammad (S.A.S) said: A Generous person is closer to Allah (God), closer to paradise, closer to the people and far off from Hell. A miser, on the other hand, is far off from Allah, far from paradise and far from people and closer to Hell. An illiterate generous person is dearer to Allah than a pious miser. (Tirmidhi)

b) Abu Hurairah related that Muhammad (S.A.S) said: The Lord’s commandment for everyone of his slaves is, “spend on others, and I will spend on you.” (Bukhari, Muslim) 36. INTENTIONS

Ibn Abbas (R.A) reported that the Prophet (S.A.S) said: whoever intends to do something good is rewarded by Allah (The Creator) for one good measure of merit for it. If he then carries it out, Allah rewards him from ten to seven hundred times. Whoever intends to do something wrong, but does not do it, is also rewarded by Allah one full merit for it. If he then carries it out, he is accounted with only one bad deed. (Bukhari, Muslim)

(9)

37. GETTING ANGRY

Abu Hurairah (R.A) related that the messenger (S.A.S) of Allah said: A strong man is not someone who knocks other person out in a fight. A strong man is someone who can control himself when he is angry. (Bukhari, Muslim)

38. JEALOUSY, HATRED AND HOSTILITY

a) Abu Hurairah (R.A) related that Muhammad (S.A.S) said: People’s acts are submitted to Allah (God) twice every week, on Mondays and Thursdays, when forgiveness is granted to every believer, except those who have hatred for one another. It is commanded that they be left until they give up their hatred. (Muslim)

b) Abu Hurairah (R.A) related that Muhammad (S.A.S) said: Beware of jealousy, for jealousy destroys good deeds as fire destroys wood. (Abu Daud)

39. CURSING

Abu Zaid Ibn Thabit (R.A) narrated that Rasool Allah (S.A.S) said: cursing a believer is equal to slaying

him. (Bukhari, Muslim)

40. ABUSING

Hazrath Aisha (R.A) related that the Prophet (S.A.S) said: Do not abuse the dead for they have reached

to that which they have sent forward. (Bukhari) 41. HYPOCRISY

a) Abdullah Ibn Amr reported that Muhammad (S.A.S) said: There are four things which, if present in a person, show him to be a complete Hypocrite. If someone has one of them he has one part of Hypocrisy until he gets rid of it. These are: when he is entrusted with something, he cheats; when he talks, he lies; when he makes promises, he breaks them, and when he Abuse, he insults. (Bukhari, Muslim)

b) Ammar Ibn Yasir (R.A) reported that Muhammad (S.A.S) said: whoever is double faced in this world, and talks to different persons in differing tones, will have two tongues of fire in his mouth on the day of Judgment. (Abu Daud)

42. MERCY

Hazrath Jabir Ibn Abdullah (R.A) reported that Muhammad (S.A.S) said: Allah (The Creator) has no mercy

for one who does not have mercy for his fellow human beings. (Bukhari, Muslim) 43. CHARITY (SADAQA)

(10)

b) Abu Hurairah (R.A) reported that the Prophet (S.A.S) said: Charity is incumbent on every human limb everyday. Bringing peace between two Contenders is Charity….. A good word is charity……. Removing an

obstruction from the street to safeguard others is also charity. (Bukhari, Muslim) 44. Person’s destination after death

Narrated Ibn Umar(R.A), Allah’s Messenger (SAS) said,” when any one of you dies, his destination is displayed before him in the forenoon and in the afternoon, either in the (Hell) fire or in Paradise and it is said to him “ That is your place till you are resurrected and sent to it.” (Hadith 523, Al-Bukhari) 45. Allah’s award for pious person

Narrated Abu Huraira(R.A): Muhammad (SAS) conveyed that Allah said, “I have prepared for my pious slaves, things which have never been seen by an eye, nor heard by an ear, nor even imagined by a human being.” The Quranic verse can be recited “No person knows what is kept hidden for him, of joy as a reward for what they used to do.” (The Qur’an 32-17, Hadith 467, Al-Bukhari).

46. The Holy Kaba and Makkah

Narrated Ibn Abbas(R.A): On the day of the conquest of Makkah, Allah’s Messenger (SAS) said:”Allah has made this town a sanctuary. Its thorny bushes should not be cut. Its game should not be chased (i.e. hunting) and its fallen things should not be picked up except by one who would announce it publicly.”

47. Seven years of Famine in Makkah

According to Hadith no. 97, as Quraish delayed in embracing Islam so the Prophet Muhammad(SAS) invoked evil on them, saying ‘ O Allah ! Help me against them by sending 7 years of drought (Famine) like those of Joseph(pbuh). So they faced 7 years of famine; finally on the request of Abu Sufyan to Prophet Muhammad (SAS) to invoke Allah to relieve Makkans from Famine, so the punishment stopped.

48. The son of God

Narrated Ibn Abbas(RA): The Prophet(SAS) said, ”Allah said, the son of Adam tells a lie against me though he has no right to do so. As for his telling a lie against me, it is that I cannot recreate him as I created him before; and as for his abusing me, it his statement that I have a son (or offspring etc.)

No! Glorified be Me! I am far from taking a wife or a son. (Hadith 9, Al-Bukhari) 49. The knowledge of unseen

Hazrat Aisha(RA) said,” If any one tells you that Muhammad(SAS) has seen his Lord, he is a liar, for Allah says: No vision can grasp Him.” (The Qur’an 6-103). If any one tells you that Muhammad (SAS) knows the unseen, he is a liar, for Allah says : “None has the knowledge of the unseen but Allah.” (Hadith 477, Al-Bukhari)

(11)

50. POLYTHEISM

Allah (God) says in the Qur’an (34:42):

“So today (i.e. the day of Resurrection), none of you can profit or harm one another. And we shall say to those who did wrong, i.e. worshipped others (like Angels, Jinns, Prophets, Saints, Righteous persons etc.) Along with Allah, taste the torment of the fire which you used to belief.”

51. NEW CONVERT TO ISLAM

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri (R.A): Allah’s Messenger (S.A.S) said, “If a person embraces Islam

Sincerely, then Allah shall forgive all his past sins, and after that starts the settlement of Accounts: The reward of his good deeds will be ten (10) times to seven hundred (700) times for each good deed and an

evil deed will be recorded as it is, unless Allah forgives it.” (Al-Bukhari) 52. MASJID-UL-HARAM & MASJID AL –AQSA

Narrated Abu Dhar (R.A): I said, “O Allah’s Messenger which Mosque was first built on the surface of Earth?” He said, ”Al-Masjid-ul-Haram (at Makka)” I said “which was built next?” He replied, the Mosque of Al-Aqsa (in Jerusalem).” I said, “What was the period of Construction between the two?” He said, “Forty years”. He added, “wherever (you maybe) and the prayer time becomes due perform the prayer

there, for the best thing is to do so (i.e. to offer prayers in time)”. (Al –Bukhari) 53. Assembly of Angels at Fagr & Asr Prayers

Narrated Abu Hurairah (R.A) : The Prophet (S.A.S) said, “Angels keep on descending from and ascending to the heaven in turn, some at night and some by day time, and all of them assemble together at the time of the Fajr and Asr prayers.

Then those who stayed with you over-night, ascending unto Allah who asks them…. And He knows the answer better than they…. “How have you left my slaves? “They reply, we left them while they were praying.” The prophet (S.A.S) added: “If anyone of you says “Amin” (During the prayer at the end of

Surat-Al-Fatiha, and the Angels in Heaven say the same, and the two sayings coincide, All his past sins will be forgiven)”. (Al-Bukhari)

54. HOW THE DIVINE REVELATION BEGAN :

Hazrath Aisha (R.A) said that Harith Ibn Hisham (R.A) once asked Muhammad (S.A.S), “How does the revelation come to you, Messenger of Allah? And he replied: sometimes it comes to me like the ringing of a bell, which is hardest for me, it then leaves me, and I remember what the Angel said. At other times, the Angel appears to me in human form and speaks to me, and I remember what he says. Hazrath Aisha (R.A) said: I have seen revelation descend upon him on a very cool day, and his forehead was pouring

(12)

55. GLIMPSES FROM THE LIFE OF MUHAMMAD (S.A.S) a) Generosity

Hazrath Ibn abbas (R.A) reported: The Prophet (S.A.S) was the most generous of all men and he was at

the peak of his generosity during the month of Ramadan. (Bukhari, Muslim) b) Love For Salat (PRAYER)

Hazrath Aisha (R.A) Narrated: The Prophet (S.A.S) stood so long during his voluntary Salat (prayer) that the skin of his foot would crack, so I said to him, “O Messenger of Allah, why do you stand so long in Salat when Allah has forgiven your faults of the past and the future? ”He answered: should I then, not

be a grateful slave of Allah. (Bukhari) 56. PROPHET’S LIVELIHOOD

Hazrath Urwah (R.A) related that Hazrath Aisha (R.A) once said: O nephew! We the Prophet’s family members would witness three consecutive crescents in two months without a fire being lit in the homes of Prophet (S.A.S). I asked: ‘Aunt! How did you then manage?’ and she answered: ‘on dates and water, except that the Prophet (S.A.S) had a few Ansar neighbors, who had she-camels giving milk. They often send some of their milk to Messenger (S.A.S) of Allah, which we drank.’ (Bukhari, Muslim)

Comment: This state of Prophet (S.A.S) and his family was not due to their poverty. On the contrary, when he died, he was the undisputed head of whole Arabia and commanded all the material resources of Arabia, but whatever he used to receive, he gave away in charity.

57. MUHAMMAD (S.A.S) HAVING EXEMPLARY CONDUCT

a. Hazrath Anas Bin Malik (R.A) reported: I served Muhammad (S.A.S) for ten years and he never said to me, “shame” or “why did you do this?” or “why did you not do that?” (Bukhari and Muslim) b. Hazrath Abu Hurairah (R.A) said: when the Prophet (S.A.S) was asked to curse the polytheists, he replied: I was not sent to be a curser, I was sent as a mercy (for all). (Muslim)

c. Hazrath Aisha (R.A) reported: Messenger (S.A.S) of Allah was not unseemly or obscene in his language, nor was he loud voiced in the streets, nor did he return evil for evil, but he would always forgive and

pardon instead. (Tirmidhi)

58. ADVICE FOR MANKIND FROM MUHAMMAD (S.A.S)

a) Mustawrid Ibn Shaddad (R.A) related that the Messenger (S.A.S) of Allah said: The value of this world in comparison to that of Hereafter is like the water that remains sticking to your finger when dipped into the vast ocean. (Muslim)

b) Abu Hurairah (R.A) related that the Prophet (S.A.S) said: This world is a prison for the believer and a heaven for the unbelievers. (Muslim)

(13)

c) It is narrated by Abu Hurairah (R.A) that the prophet (S.A.S) said:

When ever you see someone better than you in wealth, face or figure, you should look at someone who is inferior to you in these respects. ( So that you may thank Allah for His Blessings.) (Bukhari, Muslim) d) Hazrath Anas (R.A) related that Muhammad (S.A.S) said: The descendant of Adam grows old and weak, but two things remain young in him: Greed for wealth and greed for long life. (Bukhari, Muslim) e) Abu Hurairah (R.A) related that Muhammad (S.A.S) said: when someone dies, the Angels ask what he

sent ahead of him, while the descendants of Adam ask about what he left behind. (Baihaqi) f) Hazrath Ibn Abbas (R.A) related that the Prophet (S.A.S) said: Most people lose two divine bounties: Good health and leisure. (Bukhari)

g) Hazrath Anas (R.A) related that the Prophet (S.A.S) said: Among the signs of the last hour (i.e. end of this world) will be the removal of knowledge, the abundance of ignorance and the prevalence of fornication and wine-drinking. (Bukhari, Muslim)

h) According to Hazrath Abu Hurairah (R.A) the Prophet (S.A.S) said: whoever fails to thank a person who does a favor to him, (actually) fails to thank Allah (God). (Ahmad, Tirmidhi)

59. Business dealings

a. Abu Said (RA) related that the Prophet (SAS) said: The truthful and trustworthy businessman will be in the company of Prophets, saints and martyrs at the Day of Judgment. (Darimi, Tirmidhi) b. Mamar(RA) related that the Prophet(SAS) said: If anyone holds goods until its price rises, he is a

sinner. (Muslim)

c. Ibn Umar(RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: Give a laborer his wages before his sweat dries. (Ibn Maja)

60. Debt and loan

It is narrated by Abu Musa Ashari(RA) that Muhammad (SAS) said: After the major sins which must be avoided, the greatest sin is that some one dies in a state of debt and leaves behind no asset to pay it off. (Darimi)

61. Interest (Riba)

a. Jabir (RA) that the Prophet (SAS) said: Cursed the one who accepted Riba(Interest), the one who paid it , the one who recorded it and the two witnesses to it, saying that they were all alike. (Muslim)

b. According to Abdullah Ibn Hanjalah the Prophet (SAS) said: A Dirham of Riba(Interest) knowingly taken by a man is a sin worse than committing Zina(Fornication) thirty six times. (Ahmad, Daraqutani)

(14)

62. Recitation of the Holy Qur’an and its blessings

Abu Umamah(RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: Recite the Qur’an as much as you can. It will

intercede for you on the Day of Judgment. (Muslim)

63. Merits of some verses and chapters of the Qur’an

a. Surah Akhlas: Abu Said Qhudri(RA) related that Muhammad (SAS) said: By Him in whose hands is my life, recitation of Surah Akhlas (chapter 112) is equal to its merits to the recitation of one third of the

Qur’an. (Bukhari)

b. Surah Al-Mulk: According to Abu Hurairah(RA) the Prophet(SAS) said: There is a Sura of 30 verses in the Qur’an which will intercede on behalf of a man till he is forgiven. It is Surah Al-Mulk(Chapter 67) (Abu Daud, Ahmad, Ibn Maja, Tirmidhi)

c. Surah As-Sajda and Surah Al-Mulk: It is narrated by Jabir(RA) that the Prophet(SAS) would not sleep until he recited(prferably after Isha salat) A.L.M. Tanzeel(Chapter 32) and Surah Al-Mulk(Chap.67) (Ahmad, Darami, Tirmidhi)

d. Surah Al-Baqarah: Reciting last two verses of Surah Al-Baqarah at night, will suffice a person for everything he/she may need. (Bukhari, Muslim, narrator:Abu Masud Badri)

e. Surah Yasin: According to Anas(RA), the Prophet(SAS) said: Surah Yasin is the heart of Qur’an.

(Tirmidhi)

f. Surah Al-Kahaf: Abu Said Khudri (RA) related that Muhammad(SAS) said: If anyone recites Surah

Alkahaf (Chapter17) on a Friday, light will shine brightly from him till the next Friday. (Bukhari) 64. Five Pillars of Islam

Abdullah Ibn Umar (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: Islam has been built on five pillars: 1. Testify that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is His Messenger

2. Performance of prayers 3. Alms-giving (Zakat) 4. Pilgrimage to the Ka’bah

5.

Fasting during Ramadan (Bukhari & Muslim)

65. Faith

Al-Abbas Ibn Abd Al-Muttalib (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: One who is willing to accept God as his Lord; Islam as his religion and Muhammad as God’s Messenger has savoured the taste of faith.

(15)

Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: Actions are judged by their intention and every man shall be judged accordingly. Thus he whose migration was for Allah and His Messenger; his migration was for Allah and His Messenger; and he whose migration was to achieve some worldly benefit or to take some women in marriage, his migration was for that for which he migrated.

(Bukhari & Muslim)

67. Moral Obligations

Abu Tha’labah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: God has imposed certain moral obligations, do not abrogate them; He has forbidden certain things, do not indulge in them; He has laid down certain limits, do not transgress them; He is silent on certain matters, do not knowingly argue over

them. (Ad-Darqutni)

68. Importance of Salat

Buraydah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: There is a covenant of salat (prayers) between me and the people. Therefore, if a man gives up salat, he is guilty of kufr (infidelity).

(Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’I and Ibn Majah)

69. Fasting

a. Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: Everything has a cleansing agent. And fasting is the cleansing agent for the body. Fasting is more a matter of patience than of anything else.

(Ibn Majah) b. Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: Fasting is like a shield. When one of you is

observing a fast, neither should you indulge in indecent talk nor should you create an uproar. And if someone talks ill of you, or fights with you, you should just say, ‘I am observing my fast.’

(Bukhari & Muslim)

c. Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: Any man who misses a fast without a reason, such as illness, can never atone for it, even if he fasts for the rest of his life.

(At-Tirmidhi & Abu Dawud)

70. Zakat

Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: If a person to whom God has given wealth does not give zakat (alms), he will find that, on the day of judgement, his wealth turns into a poisonous snake with two black spots on its head. It will be like a yoke around his neck. Then it will seize him by the jaws and declare, I am your wealth. I am your treasure. (Bukhari)

71. Spend For Good Cause

Abu Dharr al-Ghifari (RA) related that he came to the Prophet (SAS), who was sitting in the shade of the Ka’bah. When he saw me he said, ‘They stand to lose.’ I said, ‘May my parents ransom you. To whom do you refer?’ ‘To those with an excess of riches,’ he replied, ‘who just squander their wealth, heedless of the fact that they can be saved only if they spend generously for a good cause. And there are very few wealthy men of that ilk.’ (Bukhari & Muslim)

(16)

The Prophet replied, “To believe in Allah and His Messenger”. When asked what ranked next in order of merit, he said, ‘To perform jihad for the sake of Allah.’ Asked what came after that he replied hajj mabrur, that is, performing pilgrimage while remaining free from sin. (Bukhari & Muslim)

73. Content of Destiny

Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: God’s blessings are for everyone, but strong believers are is better than a weak one. Wish for things which are beneficial to you, and in this, seek God’s help. Do not lose heart. If you are visited by misfortune, do not say,’ If I had done this or that, it could have been averted.’ Because ‘if’ opens the door to Satan. (Ibn Majah)

74. Land Grabber

Sa’id IBN ZAYAD (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: A man who acquires a stretch of land by tyranny will be made to wear a yoke made of seven earths around his neck on the Day of Judgment.

(Bukhari & Muslim)

75. Pride

Abdullah Ibn Mas’UD (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: ’A man who has as much as an iota of arrogance in his heart will not enter paradise. ‘Hearing these words of the prophet, a man asked, ‘What if a man likes to dress in good clothes and wear good shoes?’ The Prophet said, ‘God Himself possesses elegance. And He likes elegance. This has nothing to do with arrogance. A man is arrogant when he refuses to accept the truth and considers other to be inferior.’ (Muslim)

76. Repentance

Abdullah Ibn Mas’UD (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: God accepts the repentance of a man

right to his last gasp, before he dies. (At-Tirmidhi)

77. Recite The Quran

a. Abu Dharr al-Ghifari (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: Abu Dharr al-Ghifari (RA) who went to the prophet for advice was given this counsel: ‘Fear God, for He is the one who sets right all that concerns you. Read the Quran and keep remembering God. For then you will be remembered in the heavens. And that will be a light for you on the earth. (Ahmed Ibn Hambal) b. Abdullah Ibn Umar (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: The heart becomes rusted like iron in water.’ When asked how to banish this corrosion, the Prophet replied, ‘Remember death

frequently and recite the Quran.’ (AN-NASA’I)

78. Wordly Life & Eternal

a. Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: Love for the life of this world is damaging to the life of the Hereafter. Anyone who values the life of the Hereafter will be indifferent to the life of this world. Therefore, prefer that which is eternal to that which is

ephemeral. (Ahmad Ibn Hanbal)

b. Shaddad Ibn Aus(RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: Wise is he who controls his desires and prepares for the life which starts after death. And cast down is he who lives for the love of this world and has false expectations from God. (At-Tirmidhi)

(17)

Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: On the Day of Judgment, no step shall a man stir until he has answered questions on five aspects of his wordly existence: his life and how he spent it; his knowledge and what use he has made of it; his wealth, how he acquired it and how he has spent it; and his body and how he has utilized it. (At-Tirmidhi)

80. Paradise(The Eternal Bliss)

Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: When those destined for Paradise enter it, to each a herald will cry: ‘Now you will enjoy good health forever. You will never fall ill. You will retain your youth forever. You will never grow old. You will be prosperous forever. You will never be needy. This is the essence of God’s promise to you. Then a cry will go up: ‘this is the Paradise you were promised. You have been made its inheritor in return for your good deeds’ (7:43). (At-Tirmidhi)

81. Mother’s Respect

Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: A man thus addressed the Prophet: ‘O Messenger of God, who rightfully deserves the best treatment from me?’ ‘Your mother,’ the Prophet said. ‘Then who?’ the man asked again. ‘You Mother,’ replied the Prophet. ‘Then who?’ asked the man once again. ‘Your mother,’ said the Prophet. The man asked once more, ‘Then who?’ ‘Your father,’ said

the noble Prophet. (At-Tirmidhi)

82. Serve Of Old Parents

Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: The Prophet once exclaimed, ‘Shame on him! Shame on him! Shame on him! ’ When asked who the man in question was, the prophet replied, ‘He is one who had both or one of his parents with him in their old age, yet he failed to enter Paradise.

(Muslim)

83. True Believer

Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbas (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: He who satiates himself, while his immediate neighbors go hungry, is not a true believer. (Ahmed Ibn Hanbal)

84. Sadaqah Jariyah

Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: When a man dies, nothing lives on after him, except fro three things: sadaqah jariyah( continuing charity),* knowledge which can benefit others, or virtuous offspring who will pray for him. (Muslim)

85. Spending On Family

Abu Mas’ud (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: When a man spends on his family members with the intention of seeking God’s pleasure, then his spending becomes an act of charity.

(Muslim & Al- Bukhari)

86. Regards For Neighbor

Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: The Prophet once exclaimed, ‘By God, he is not a believer! By God, he is not a believer! By God, he is not a believer! The people asked, ‘O Messenger of God, who?’ ‘The man whose excesses prevent his neighbor from living in peace,’ replied the noble

(18)

a. Anas ibn Malik (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: According to Anas ibn Malik (RA) the Prophet said to him, ‘O my son, if you can act in such a way that you spend your mornings and your evenings without wishing anyone ill, then that is how you should always act.’ Then he added, ‘O my son, this is my way. And anyone who loves my ways loves me. And anyone who loves me will live with me in Paradise. (Muslim) b. Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: You should visit the sick, feed the

hungry and set prisoners free. (Al-Bukhari)

88. Form Of Islam

Abdullah Ibn ‘Amr Ibn Al- Aus (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: When the Prophet was asked which form of Islam was better, he replied, ‘To feed the people and extend greetings of peace to them-be they of your acquaintance or not.’ (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

89. Dealing With Oppressed And Oppressor

Anas ibn Malik (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: According to Anas ibn Malik, when God’s Messenger said, ‘Help your brother, irrespective of whether he is the oppressor or the oppressed,’ a man said, ‘O Messenger of God, I can help the oppressed, but how can I help the oppressor?’ The Prophet replied, ‘Stop him from committing an act of oppression. That in itself is a form of help.’

(Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

90. Farewell Message

Abdullah ib ‘Umar (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: According to ‘Abdulah ibn Umar, the Prophet, addressing the people on the occasion of the farewell pilgrimage, exhorted them to listen carefully to what he had to say: ‘ All Muslims are brothers. They constitute one brotherhood. Nothing belonging to one Muslim can become legitimate property of another, unless it has been freely and willingly given. Do not, therefore, do injustice to your own selves. O God, have I conveyed your message? Woe betide you. When I am gone, do not become infidels and start killing each other.’ (Al-Bukhari)

91. Life Partner’s Choice

Abdullah Ibn ‘Amr Ibn Al- Aus (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: Do not marry women for their beauty. It is possible that their beauty may destroy them. Do not marry them for their wealth. It is possible that their wealth may make them rebellious. Instead, marry them on the basis of their faith. And a black maid who is a believer is much better for you. (Ibn-Majah)

92. Opposite Sex Resemblance

Abdullah ibn al- Abbas, (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: the Prophet cursed those men who try to resemble women and women who try to resemble men. (Al-Bukhari and Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’I)

93. Envy

Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: Save your selves from envy. For envy eats up

virtue as fire eats up Wood. . (Abu Dawud)

94. Borrower’s Intension

Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: A man who borrows things, with the intention of returning them, has them returned on his behalf by the Almighty. A man who borrows things, with no intention of returning them, has such possessions destroyed by the Almighty. (Al-Bukhari)

(19)

who give bribes are cursed by God. (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

96. Self Restraint

Explaining Verse 41-34 of the Qur’an Abdullah ibn al- Abbas, (RA) said: that those who exercised self-restraint when angry, or when confronted by mischief, would be protected by God. He would force their enemies to bow down before them as if they were His dear friends. (Al-Bukhari)

97. Slender

Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: According to Abu Hurayrah (R.A), the Prophet once asked his listeners if they know what slander was, to which they replied that God and His Messenger knew better. The Prophet then explained that slander meant speaking of one’s brother in a manner that was hurtful to him. He was then asked what if one’s brother was actually at fault. The Prophet replied that, if he was at fault, then what was said against him was just backbiting and, if he

was not it was calumny. (Muslim)

98. Important Invocation

Abu Bakar as- Siddiqui, (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: Abu Bakar as- Siddiqui,(RA) when he asked the Prophet to tell him of some invocations which he could recite in his prayers, the Prophet said, ‘Say, God, I have been an oppressor to myself. And there is no one but you who can forgive my sins. Therefore forgive me in your generosity. And show me compassion. Verily, you are Forgiving and Compassionate.’ (At-Tirmidhi & Muslim)

99. Zikr

Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: God has given utterance to these words: ‘We are with our servant whenever he remembers Us; when his lips are busy for Us. (Al-Bukhari)

100. Dua

Anas Ibn Malik (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: O God, I seek you protection from misery and grief, from weakness and laziness, and from the burden of loans and from things that will make others overcome me. (Al-Bukhari & Muslim)

101. Well Wishing Is Faith

Tamim ad, Dari, (RA) related that Prophet (SAS) said: ‘Well-wishing is faith. Well-wishing is faith. Well-wishing is faith.’ When asked towards whom, he replied, ‘Towards God, His Messenger, His Book, the Muslim rulers and common people.’ (Muslim)

Figure

Updating...

References

Updating...

Related subjects :