Goal 3; Civil War - Copy.ppt

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(1)

1.

What years were the Civil War?

2.

Who was the Union President?

3.

Who was the Confederate President?

4.

What battle was the turning point of the war?

5.

The attack of what fort in Charleston was seen

as the start of the war?

6.

What is the war over? Cause?

7.

What is a nickname for the Union soldiers?

8.

What is a nickname for the Confederate

soldiers?

(2)

A house divided cannot stand. I

A house divided cannot stand. I

believe this government cannot

believe this government cannot

endure half slave and half free

endure half slave and half free

Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln

(3)

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Lincoln’s reason for fighting

Lincoln’s reason for fighting

was to save the Union……not

was to save the Union……not

free the slaves

(4)

B

B

(5)
(6)

Fort Sumter-April 1861

Fort Sumter-April 1861

With 7 states seceded, the south began to make a move

A major union fort in the south was in Charleston, SC  The south wanted to take it over

 Union-Major Robert Anderson  Confederacy-P.G.T. Beauregard

Beauregard fired on supply ships headed for the fort and the war started

 34 hours later, the battle was over; no casualties

(7)

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Lincoln Reacts

Lincoln Reacts



Called for volunteers to serve

Virginia secedes followed by

NC, Ak, Tn.

11 total slave states

Border States:

controlled

by the Union, but had slaves

Maryland, Delaware,

Kentucky, Missouri

Allowed slavery in these

(8)

Comparison Chart

Comparison Chart

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

Population Fighting

men

Industry

Railroads

States

•Population:

N-22 million

S-9 million

•Fighting Men:

N-4 million

S-1.5 (3.5 black)

•Industry:

N-4\5 of all goods

S-1\5

(9)

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Southern Advantages

Southern Advantages

Defensive war

Better leaders

– Robert E. Lee

– Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson

Used to riding horses and shooting

guns

Cotton

– Trade with Britain

(10)

War of Attrition

War of Attrition

(11)

Three Pronged Attack

Three Pronged Attack

B lo c k a d e o f

th e S o u th

(s o th e y c a n 't tra d e

w ith B rita in )

D iv id e th e

C o n fe d e ra c y

T a k e th e C a p ita l

o f th e

C o n fe d e r a c y

(W h a t c ity ? )

A n a c o n d a P la n

(12)

Battle of Bull Run-July 1861

Battle of Bull Run-July 1861

First major battle

Mannassas, Va

Confederate victory

McDowell-U

Beauregard-C

Showed how unprepared

both sides were

Built confidence of the south

(13)

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Bull Run………Manassas

Bull Run………Manassas

Capitals?

(14)

New Weapons

New Weapons

Ironclads: wooden frames

ships with metal plates

Breech loaded guns: load

(15)

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Merrimac v. Monitor-March

Merrimac v. Monitor-March

1862

1862

Merrimac

also called the

Virginia

(captured by the south)

The south wasn’t able to end

(16)
(17)

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CSS North Carolina (sank in harbor off

coast of Southport….never fought)

CSS Raleigh

CSS Neuse (memorial in Kinston)

(18)

Other Weapons

Other Weapons

Bowie Knife

Field Cannon

Garrison gun

Gatlin gun

Grenades

Land mines

Naval mines

Pistol

(19)
(20)

George Dixon

George Dixon

George Dixon was given a gold coin, as

a good luck charm by his wife.

According to the legend, George kept

the coin with him always, in his pocket,

rubbing it with his thumb while he

dreamed of the day when he and

Queenie would be reunited.

During the Battle of Shiloh, George was

shot point blank. A bullet ripped into

the pocket of his trousers and struck the

center of the gold coin.

The impact was said to have left the

gold piece bent, with the bullet

(21)

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Tactics

Tactics

Trading volleys

Charge

Counter charge

Whoever withdrew

first lost the battle

Usually the winner

had higher casualties

Losers could retreat a

few miles away

(22)

Emancipation Proclamation

Emancipation Proclamation

Issued by Lincoln Jan. 1, 1863

Said that the slaves were free

It didn’t free any slaves immediately

Why?

Only applied to lands the Union

controlled

Border state slaves not freed

Why?

Symbolic power; war is about

slavery

– If the south lost, they knew

(23)
(24)

Conscriptions

Conscriptions

Both sides used volunteers to

fight at first

When the horrors of war had

been seen, many stopped and

the govt. had to conscript

Draft

Like past wars, you could pay

someone to take your place

(wealthy)

Made is seem like a rich man’s

war being fought by the poor

(25)

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Gangs of New York

Gangs of New York

Takes place before the

Civil War and during

the draft riots of the

Civil War

(26)

Home Life

Home Life

Many men didn’t return

home

Many returned handicapped

High taxes in the

Confederacy

Lack of goods

Worthless currency

Wallpaper used for

(27)

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Home Life

Home Life

The north prospered industrially

Immigrants provided labor

Income tax created

(28)

Do I Want A Doctor?

(29)
(30)
(31)

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Maggots

Maggots

Confederates had no

chloroform to help keep

maggots out of open

wounds

When infested, soldiers

actually got better faster

Maggots can be used to

stop bacteria and keep open

wounds clean

Used since Napoleonic

(32)

Andersonville

Andersonville

Southern POW camp

You would rather die than go here

Over 12,000 died here

The south couldn’t afford to take care of their POW’s

June 6, 1864--Lively skirmishing today; caught and killed 17 or 20 lice, all fat and in good condition.--Eugene Forbes, Sgt., Co. B, 14th NJ CAV

June 19, 1864--When a man is shot now it is called "paroled".--John Ransom, Sgt., 9th MI CAV

May 27, 1864--Some of the old prisoners made a raid on the new prisoners and stole their blankets and rations and the new fellows pitched in and there was a big fight and many a poor cuss got his head mashed with clubs or stones.--Albert H. Schatzel, Pvt., Co. A, 1st Vermont Cavalry

(33)
(34)

30% of prisoners died

in Andersonville’s 14

(35)

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Other Confederate Prisons

Other Confederate Prisons

Belle Isle

– Richmond, Virginia

- 18,000

Blackshear Prison

– Blackshear, Georgia

- 5,000

Cahaba Prison

(Castle Morgan) – Selma, Alabama

- 600

Camp Ford

– near Tyler, Texas

- 5,300

Camp Groce

- Hempstead, Texas

- 600 - 1,100

Castle Pinckney

– Charleston, South Carolina

- 300

Castle Sorghum

– Columbia, South Carolina

- 1,400

Castle Thunder

– Richmond, Virginia

- 1,400

Danville Prison

– Danville, Virginia

- 4,000

Florence Stockade

– Florence, South Carolina

- 18,000

Fort Pulaski

– Savannah, Georgia

- 600

Gratiot Street Prison

– St Louis, Missouri

- 2,000

Libby Prison

– Richmond, Virginia

- 50,000

Salisbury Prison – Salisbury, North Carolina - 1,700

(36)
(37)

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Gettysburg-July 1863

Gettysburg-July 1863

Pennsylvania

Northern victory

Meade-U

Lee-C

Turning point of the war

Over three days; 23,000

(38)

Chamberlain's

Chamberlain's

Bayonet Charge

Bayonet Charge

Little Round Top

Ran out of

ammunition

Bayonet charge

Captured 101

Confederate

soldiers

Chamberlain noted that the

“effect was surprising; many

of the enemy’s first line

threw down their arms and

surrendered. An officer

fired his pistol at my head

(39)
(40)

William Tecumseh Sherman

William Tecumseh Sherman

Union general

War is cruelty; the crueler it is, the sooner it will be over

(41)

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Burning of Atlanta

(42)

Battle of Petersburg

Battle of Petersburg

1864-65

(43)

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(44)

1865: Richmond:

the capital fell

to the Union

Appomattox Court House, Va.:

where Lee surrendered to Grant;

end of the war

The Union had gone through 8

generals and the south basically

one

The North won because they had

more stuff; not because they were

better people or better fighters

(45)

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Ford’s Theater

Ford’s Theater

After the end of the

war, Lincoln wanted

to relax so he went to

a play

This is where he

would be assassinated

by John Wilkes Booth

Lincoln died by

(46)

John Wilkes

John Wilkes

Booth

Booth

Booth had originally planned to

kidnap Lincoln

The war ended too soon for him to

do this

(47)

Robert Todd Lincoln

Robert Todd Lincoln

Ironically, Edwin Booth had

actually saved the life of, or at

least prevented serious injury

to, Lincoln's eldest son, Robert

Todd Lincoln the previous year.

As Lincoln and Booth were

(48)

1865: Richmond:

the capital fell

to the Union

Appomattox Court House, Va.:

where Lee surrendered to Grant;

end of the war

The Union had gone through 8

generals and the south basically

one

The North won because they had

more stuff; not because they were

better people or better fighters

Figure

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References

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