A Perspective of Turkey Nuclear Power Plant Projects

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Electricity Generation Co. Inc.

Department of Nuclear Power Plants

A Perspective of Turkey

Nuclear Power Plant Projects

Workshop on Energy Assesments and Pre-Feasibility/Feasibility Studies for a NPP Programmes Korea Nuclear Agency, Seoul, Korea

17-21 March 2014

Mehmet BULUT, Ph.D.

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CONTENTS

Turkish Energy Strategy & Market

Turkish Electricity Generation Overview

Roles and Activities of EUAS

EUAS Company Profile

A brief History of Nuclear Projects

Current Status of EÜAŞ in Nuclear

Projects

Major Challenges and Risks

EÜAŞ’s Participation in IAEA Activities

Conclusion

Workshop on Energy Assesments and Pre-Feasibility/Feasibility Studies for a NPP Programmes Korea Nuclear Agency, Seoul, Korea

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REPUBLIC of TURKEY

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POPULATION: ~75 Million

AREA: ~780.000 km

2

CAPITAL: Ankara (Population 5 Million)

LARGEST CITY: Istanbul (14 Million)

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Turkey’s energy consumption is increasing with the rate of 7-8% yearly. In order to meet the energy demand of Turkey; the main energy

strategies which decrease the dependency of Turkey to import energy with the energy policies are;

1. Provision of country source and route diversification 2. Increase energy efficiency,

3. Reduce energy intensity,

4. The use of all domestic resources,

5. Increase share of the renewable energy resources in electricity production with %30 until 2023.

So, nuclear energy brings great importancy to provide the energy supply

safety for Turkey and to decrease the dependency of Turkey to import

energy.

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2 .2 3 4 4 .1 8 6 5 .1 1 6 9.1 1 9 1 6 .3 1 5 1 7 .2 0 6 1 8 .7 1 3 2 0 .3 3 5 2 0 .8 5 7 2 0 .9 5 1 2 1 .1 6 4 2 1 .8 8 9 2 3 .2 6 3 2 6 .1 2 5 2 7 .2 6 4 2 8 .3 3 2 3 5 .5 8 7 3 6 .8 2 4 5 2 .9 1 1 57.0 5 9 6 4 .0 4 3 4 1 .8 1 7 3 8 .8 2 0 3 1 .8 4 6 4 0 .5 0 2 4 0 .8 3 6 4 4 .7 6 1 49.5 2 4 0 5.000 10.000 15.000 20.000 25.000 30.000 35.000 40.000 45.000 50.000 55.000 60.000 65.000 70.000 1 9 7 0 1 9 7 5 1 9 8 0 1 9 8 5 1 9 9 0 1 9 9 1 1 9 9 2 1 9 9 3 1 9 9 4 1 9 9 5 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 7 1 9 9 8 1 9 9 9 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 3 2 0 0 4 2 0 0 5 2 0 0 6 2 0 0 7 2 0 0 8 2 0 0 9 2 0 1 0 2 0 1 1 2 0 1 2 2 0 1 3

Turkish Electricity Generation (MWe)

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EÜAŞ 23.781,6

Generation Companies 27.429,4 Build Own Operate 6.101,8 Auto Producers 3.456,9 Build Operate Transfer 2.335,8 Transfer of Operation Rights 937,5

Share of the Producers in Turkey’s Installed Capacity

MW E Ü A Ş

%37,13

Generation Companies 42,83%

Build Own Operate 9,53%

Auto Producers 5,40%

Build Operate Transfer 3,65%

Transfer of Operation Rights 1,46%

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RESOURCES MW

Hydraulic 22.288,1 Natural Gas + LNG 20.269,9 Hard Coal + Lignite 8.515,2 Imported Coal 3.912,6 Multi Fuel Fired 5.041,6

Wind 2.759,6

Liquid Fuels 708,3 Renewable + Waste 236,9 Geothermal 310,8

TOTAL 64.043,1

Liquid Fuels : Asphaltite, Fuel-Oil, Diesel, Naphtha

%0,49 %34,80 %7,87 %6,11 %13,30 %31,65 %4,31 %1,11 %0,37 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% Hydraulic Natural Gas + LNG

Hard Coal + Lignite

Imported Coal

Multi Fuel Fired

Wind

Liquid Fuels

Renewable + Waste

Geothermal

Installed Capacity by Primary Resources as of 2013

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Distribution of Electricity Generation in Turkey By Primary Resources

RESOURCES MWh

Natural Gas + LNG 106.302.521 Hydraulic 59.302.568 Lignite + Hard Coal 31.605.987 Imported Coal 28.850.428 Wind 7.504.992 Liquid Fuels 3.657.442 Geothermal 1.263.574 Waste + Others 736.940 T O T A L 239.224.453 N at u ra l G as + L N G H yd ra u lic Li gn it e + H ar d C o al Im p o rt ed C o al W in d Li q u id F u el s G eo th er m al W as te + O th er s

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1 4 0 .5 8 0 1 5 0 .6 9 8 1 6 1 .9 5 6 1 7 6 .3 0 0 1 9 1 .5 5 8 1 9 8 .4 1 8 1 9 4 .8 1 3 2 3 9 .2 2 4 2 1 1 .2 0 8 2 2 9 .3 9 5 2 3 9 .4 9 7 0 50.000 100.000 150.000 200.000 250.000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 G W h %-1,8 %7,2 %7,5 %8,9 %8,7 %3,6 %8,4 %8,6 %4,4 -%0,11

Electricity Generation of Turkey between 2003 and 2013

Turkish Electricity Generation

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Brief History

T E K

Turkish Electricity Authority

(1970-1994)

1994…..2001

TEAŞ

Turkish Electricity

Generation and Transmission Company

TEAŞ

Turkish Electricity

Generation and Transmission Company

TEDAŞ Turkish Electricity Distribution Company TEDAŞ Turkish Electricity Distribution Company TETAŞ

Turkish Electricity Trade and Contracting Company EÜAŞ Electricity Generation Company TEİAŞ Turkish Electricity Transmission Company

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RESTRUCTURING OF PUBLIC ELECTRICITY SECTOR TEAŞ EÜAŞ TEİAŞ TETAŞ TEDAŞ 1970 1994 2001 TEDAŞ GENERATION TRANSMISSION TRADING DISTRUBITION TEK TURKISH ELECTRICITY AUTHORITY DISTRIBUTION COMPANIES (21) 2011

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— TEK (Turkish Electricity Auhority) — TEAŞ (Turkish Electricity Generation

Transmission Company) — TEDAŞ (Turkish Electricity

Distribution Company)

— TEİAŞ (Turkish Electricity Transmisson Company)

— TETAŞ (Turkish Electricity Trading and Contracting Company)

— EÜAŞ (Electricity Generation Company) (TEK) TEAŞ TEDAŞ 1970-1994 1994-2001 2001-To date TEİAŞ TETAŞ EÜAŞ

Electricity Generation Company (EÜAŞ)

, is a company

which is founded on October 2001 to operate state-owned

power plants following Electricity Market Law.

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Company Profile

Established in 2001

Paid capital: 5.6 billion TL

Employee: ~11.652

Installed Capacity: 23,781 MW

Electricity generation: 80.2 bln kWh (2013)

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Roles & Activities of EUAS

Largest electricity generation & mining company in Turkey

State owned company

Operation & maintenance of thermal and hydroelectric

power plants

Carries out modernization & refurbishments of existing

power plants

Construction of new power plants with joint venture Co.

(approval of Council of Ministers required)

Pirority is given to domestic resources especially to lignite

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11 THERMAL POWER PLANTS OPERATION DIRECTORATES

25 HYDRAULIC POWER OPERATION DIRECTORATES

AFŞİN-ELBİSTAN LIGNITE MINE OPERATIONS

TECHNICAL CONTROL LABORATORY

TEST MANAGEMENTS

KUMBURGAZ TRAINING CENTER

Provincial Organization

3 CONSTRUCTION SITE MANAGEMENTS 3 SUBSIDIARIES

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Organization Chart of EÜAŞ’s Headquarter

BOARD OF DIRECTORS BOARD OF DIRECTORS OFFICE OF BOARD OF DIRECTORS DEPUTY GENERAL MANAGER DEPUTY GENERAL MANAGER DEPUTY GENERAL MANAGER DEPUTY GENERAL MANAGER DEPUTY GENERAL MANAGER DEPUTY GENERAL MANAGER OFFICE OF GENERAL MANAGER GENERAL MANAGER GENERAL MANAGER

Dept. of Human Resources and Back-Up Office Services

Board of Inspection

Legal Advisor’s Office

Dept. of Research, Planning and Coordination

Dept. of Electricity Market Services

Dept. of Mining Fields

Office of Press-Public Relations and Information Dept. of Education and

Information Technology Dept. of Accounting

and Finance Management

Dept. of Construction, Real Estate

Dept. of Hydraulic Power Plants

Dept. of Environment Dept. of Power Plant Project and Construction

Dept. of Nuclear Power Plants

Dept. of Management Material Dept. of Thermal Power

Plants

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Technical; 12,25% Administrative; 20,87% Worker; 66,88%

Personel Status

HDQRTS REGIONAL TOTAL CIVIL SERVANT 179 194 373 Administrative 74 70 144 Technical 105 124 229 CONTRACTUAL 661 2.795 3.456 Administrative 305 1.964 2.269 Technical 356 831 1.187 WORKER 96 7.637 7.733 Permanent 96 7.609 7.705 Out of Scope 0 28 28 TOTAL 936 10.626 11.562 Primary School ; 11,85% High School; 59,33% University; 28,82%

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Company Profile (As of 2013)

12,917.7 MW

Hydroelectric PP

69 plants

10,863.9 MW

Thermal PP

17 plants

37% Installed capacity of Turkey

Provides 33.5% electricity generation of Turkey

23.781,6

MW

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INSTALLED CAPACITY

As of the end of August 2013; EÜAŞ (with its total installed capacity of

23.781,6 MW provided 37%

of installed capacity of Turkey.

With its 80 billion kWh

electricity generation, EÜAŞ provided 33,5%

of total Turkish electricity generation.

Installed Capacity & Electricity Generation

Hydraulic 54,32% Lignite 26,93% Hard Coal 1,26% Liquid Fluids 1,6 % Natural Gas 15,89% Hydraulic 47,0% Lignite 28,0% Hard Coal 1,90% Liquid Fluids 0,10 % Natural Gas 23,00%

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Thermal Power Plants AMBARLI “B” ÇATALAĞZI 18 MART ÇAN BURSA NGCCPP ORHANELİ TUNÇBİLEK SOMA “A” ALİAĞA NGCCPP YATAĞAN YENİKÖY KEMERKÖY AFŞİN-ELBİSTAN “A” AFŞİN-ELBİSTAN “B” HOPA FUEL-OİL AMBARLI “A” AMBARLI Fuel-Oil SOMA “B” İstanbul Çanakkale Bursa Kütahya İzmir Muğla Kahramanmaraş Artvin Zonguldak Manisa

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Fuel Type MW

AFŞİN-ELBİSTAN “A” Lignite 1.355 AFŞİN-ELBİSTAN “B” Lignite 1.440 TUNÇBİLEK Lignite 365 ÇATALAĞZI Lignite 300 18 MART ÇAN Lignite 320 ORHANELİ Lignite 210 BURSA Natural Gas 1.432 AMBARLI -A Natural Gas 816 AMBARLI -B Natural Gas 1.351 ALİAĞA Natural Gas 180 AMBARLI Fuel-Oil 330 HOPA Fuel-Oil 50 ÇUKURCA Diesel-Oil 1

T O T A L 8.150

Thermal Power Plants

Fuel Type MW

KEMERKÖY Lignite 630 SOMA A-B Lignite 1.034 YENİKÖY Lignite 420 YATAĞAN Lignite 630 TOTAL 2.714 TOTAL INSTALLED CAPACITY:

10.863,9 MW

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Hydraulic Power Plants DirectoratesALTINKAYAHasan-Suat UĞURLU DOĞANKENT ALMUS-KÖKLÜCE Samsun Tokat Giresun Artvin

Eastern Black Sea Surroundings

Sivas KILIÇKAYA Elazığ KEBAN Muş ALPASLAN-1 Van VAN DiyarbakırKARAKAYA

Dicle and Surroundings

Şanlıurfa ATATÜRK Kahramanmaraş MENZELET Osmaniye ASLANTAŞÇATALAN

ADANA and Surroundings

Adana Karaman Mersin GEZENDE ERMENEK Kırşehir

HİRFANLI and Surroundings SARIYAR Ankara Eskişehir GÖKÇEKAYA Manisa DEMİRKÖPRÜ KEMER ADIGÜZEL KARACAÖREN

ANTALYA and Surroundings

Aydın Denizli

Burdur

Antalya

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CHANNEL 272,5 MW 2,11% 21 HPP RESERVOIR 26,2 MW 0,2 % 1 HPP DAM 12,619 MW97,69% 47 HPP

Types of EÜAŞ Hydro Power Plants

TOTAL INSTALLED

CAPACITY

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Thermal and Hydroelectrical Power Plants

Workshop on Energy Assesments and Pre-Feasibility/Feasibility Studies for a NPP Programmes Korea Nuclear Agency, Seoul, Korea

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Privatization Activities for EÜAŞ Generation Plants

§ The privatization activities are being carried out by the Privatization Administration for 45 power plants of EÜAŞ, including 17 thermal and 28 hydraulic power plants.

The criteria taken into consideration in privatization

§ Establishing new plant units if additional coal reserve exist in the region

§ Performing the rehabilitation activities needed by the power plant.

§ Making environmental investments needed

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Thermal Power Plants with Completed Privatization Processes

Seyitömer PP :

As a result of bargaining after the evaluation of the bids on December 20, 2012, the highest price 2 billion and 248 million dollars was given by Çelikler Taahhüt İnşaat ve Sanayi A.Ş.The transfer of the power plant was carried out on 17.06.2013.

Hamitabat PP :

The bids were received on February 28, 2013 and as a result of bargaining after the evaluation of the bids, the highest price 105 million dollars was given by Limak Holding.The transfer of the power plant was carried out on 01.08.2013.

Kangal PP :

The bids were received on January 17, 2013 and as a result of bargaining after the evaluation of the bids on February 08, 2013, the highest price 985 million dollars was given by the joint venture of Konya Şeker San. A.Ş. and Siyah Kalem Müh. Ltd. Şti. The transfer of the power plant was carried out on 19.08.2013.

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400 kV Transmission Network

BLACK SEA MEDITERRANEAN ALTINKAYA EREĞLİ AMBARLI BULGARİSTAN FILIPPI H.UĞURLU KAYABAŞI KURŞUNLU TİREBOLU BORÇKA GÜRCİSTAN BATU M ERMENİSTA N GUMRI BALIKESİR SOMA ALİAĞ A DENİZLİ YATAĞAN KEMERKÖY OYMAPINAR SEYDİŞEHİR KONYA ADANA ERZİN G.ANTEP ANDIRIN ELBİSTAN KANGAL YEŞİLHİSAR KAYSERİ ÇAYIRHAN GÖLBA ŞI KEBAN KARAKAYA ATATÜRK DİYARBAKIR Ş.URFA BATMAN KARS ÖZLÜCE ERZURUM HORASAN IĞDI R D.BEYAZIT DIMODICHEV SURİYE DERİNER İSKENDERUN İRAN IRAK HALEP PS3 ZAKHO KHOY BAZARGAN BABEK KALKANDERE AFYON-2 TEİAŞ-2012 220 kV EİH 154 kV EİH HES (PLANNING) HES (EXİSTİNG) SS (EXİSTİNG) TL (EXİSTİNG) TL (PLANNING) SS (PLANNING) Y.TEP E ALİBEYKÖ Y GELİBOLU D.PAŞA KARABİGA ADA-GEBZE PAŞAKÖY OSMANCA GÖKÇEKAYA TEMELLİ SİNCAN BABAES Kİ HAMİTABA T ÜMRANİY E BURS A AYDIN YENİKÖY BİRECİK SEYİTÖMER IŞIKLAR ADAPAZAR I KIZILTEPE AĞRI Z.KÖY TEPEÖRE N UNIMAR HİLVAN ILISU CİZRE VAN ERMENEK MERSİN HATAY İKİTELL İ A.ALANI KAPTAN UZUNDERE HİSAR GÜRSÖĞÜT KARGI SİVAS DEÇEKO YUSUFEL İ KAVŞAK İSDEMİR BOYABAT ZETES BEYKOZ ÇARŞAMBA HOPA VARSAK MANİSA HABİPLER SAMSUN DGKÇ BORASC O GERZE SİNOP TES AKFEN ÇAYLI TES LODOS BEKİRLİ İÇDAŞ AKSA SİLOPİ TES K.KALE DGKÇ İÇANADOL U DGKÇ BAĞLU M KAYRAKTEPE YEDİGÖZE BAĞIŞTAŞ ARKUN AKINCI ORDU-2 SİİRT ÇETİN HEMA İSPİR MOSUL S.BÖLGE EREĞLİ İZMİR DG BANDIRMA AKHALTSİKE TORTUM TATVAN PERVA Rİ ŞIRNAK TES BAŞKALE Y.KALEKÖY A.KALEKÖY BEYHANİ I BEHANİ II MARDİN D.G ÇAN KARABURUN ÇEŞME LAPSEKİ SÜTLÜCEİ BALIKESİR AKKUYU NGS Sinop NPP Project Akkuyu NPP Project

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NUCLEAR ENERGY POLICY

q

Support continuous economic growth

with nuclear energy,

q

Supply rapid growth in energy demand

using nuclear power plants,

q

Reduce dependency on foreign natural

gas and petroleum,

q

Short run: At least 5% nuclear share

until 2020

q

Long run: Local industrial participation

to new nuclear projects

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NPP Projects in the Past

A simplified history

Several attempts during TEK period

1977-1979 1982-1986 1988

Tender awarded to ASEA-ATOM-STAT-LAVAL

AECL & KWU in Akkuyu GE in Sinop Nuclear Power Plant Department closed 1997-2000 AECL NPI Westinghouse Tender cancelled 2000-2008

Several attemps for a programme development 1992-1997 Feasibility studies with consultants

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Nuclear Talks

1970 2007 March 2010 May 2010 November 2010-March 2011 October 2011 April 2012 March 2012 3 May 2013

Pre EÜAŞ A new law on construction and operation of NPP’s Sinop NPP Negotiatio ns with Korea (KEPCO) IGA with Russia for Akkuyu NPP Sinop NPP negotiations with Japan Sinop NPP negotiations with EDF (France) Sinop NPP negotiation s with CANDU (Canada) Sinop NPP negotiation s with China IGA has been signed with Japan Because of decisions of policy makers no result •Aims to facilitate private sector investments for building and operating NPP’s •Allows public private partnership (PPP) model Joint Study Report •Fukushima accident •Withdrawal of TEPCO from the project •Negotiations with Toshiba MOU has been signed MOU has been signed(April 2012)

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Turkey-Russian Federation

Main Headlines

— 15 years of PPA agreement avr. 12.35 US

cents/kWh

— After 15 years 20% of income tax applies on net

profit

— Build & Operate after PPA free market

— 100 % Russian company

— 0 % EÜAŞ share

— Site allocation by EÜAŞ

— VVER 1200 planned

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AKKUYU NPP PROJECT

• Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) Model: BuildOwnOperate (BOO),

• Long-term contracts (in the frame of Power purchase agreement-PPA

• Project Company undertakes to design, build, operate and maintain of

the NPP.

• Project Company is also responsible for waste management and

decomissioning.

• Turkish Government is responsible for:

• providing site,

• various financial and non-financial guarantees,

• construction support,

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AKKUYU NPP PROJECT -

Cont.

q The Turkish Side guarantees to purchase

(PPA) fixed amount of electricity generated during 15 years from the commissioning date of each power unit

q 70% for units 1 and 2;

q 30% for units 3 and 4;

q The Turkish Side has the right to obtain 20% of

net profit of the Project company after PPA expiry dates

q Russian Side will always have the majority

share of the power plant.

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§ Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) signed with Russian Federation to construct 4 VVER-1200 units to Akkuyu site, IGA entered into force on 27.12.2010,

§ Russian Side established a Project Company in Turkey (initially %100 Russian share),

§ Project Company started site surveys and Environmental Impact Assessment studies.

§ Project Company submitted “Revised Site Report” to TAEK for their review on May 2012.

§ TAEK started detailed evaluation of this report on June 2012.

§ TAEK received 7 bids on November 07, 2012 to select TSO for regulatory control during construction license application.

NPP Novovoroněž VVER-1200

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AKKUYU TIME SCHEDULE

2013 12/2014 2020 2021 2022 2023 2080

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q A Memorandum between JAPCO&EÜAŞ was signed for Sinop NPP on June 2013,

q JAPCO and EUAS conducted a joint study on

feasibility study for site aproving and economic viability of the adoption of ATMEA1 in Sinop,

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EÜAŞ Role in Turkey-Japan Talks

Accompanies the negotiations under Ministry of Energy

and Natural Resources

Supposed to have 49 % share in Project Company

Currently recognized as the founder of Sinop NPP by

Turkish Atomic Energy Authority

Presently carrying out site studies

Also assigned for the evaluation of third NPP site

CHARGE OF EUAS BY ENERGY MINISTRY FOR

IMPLEMENTATION SINOP NPP

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ORGANIZATION

PROJECT COMPANIES

Turkish Electricity Trading & Contracting

Company

Distribution Companies

Electricity Sales & Power Purchase Agreement

Ministry of Energy & Natural Resources Energy Market Regulatory Authority Turkish Atomic Energy Authority Turkish Ministry of Environment & Urbanism

Foreign, Public (EÜAŞ), Private

Nuclear License Application Nuclear License Environmental Impact Assessment Report Permission Electricity Generation License Application License COORDINATION

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Nuclear Project Directorate Nuclear Project Directorate (Expanded)

Department

of Nuclear

Power Plants

Department of Nuclear Power Plants (NSDB)

2001-2009 2009-2013 2013-…

Brief History

Organization Chart

Department of Nuclear Power Plants (NSDB)

Nuclear Power

Project Division Cycle and Waste Technology, Fuel Management Division Safety, Licensing and Quality Assurance Division Site Investigations Division Project Infrastructre Development Division Sinop Coordination Centre Division

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Department of Nuclear Power Plants (NSDB)

Personnel Info About NSDB

There are 28 engineers of 35 total personnel in NSDB.

2 of the engineers have doctor’s degree, 8 of them have master degree and rest of them have bachelor’s degree.

Nuclear Energy 11 Mechanical 4 Electrical and Electronical 2 Pyhsics 3 Industry 1 Geology 2 Geophysics 1 Meteorology 1 Environmental 1 Computer 1 Civil 1 Our Engineers 78% 22% Technical/Administrative Ratio Engineer Administrative

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EÜAŞ Participation in IAEA Activities

Participating in several meetings, training programmes,

conferences, workshops especially for the last 3 years

Hosted

Interregional Training Course on Fundamentals

of Reactor Technologies and related Fuel Cycle

organized by IAEA between 25-29 March, 2013 in

Ankara

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NATIONAL LEGISLATION

NAME RATIFICATION

Decree on Licensing of Nuclear Installations 19.12.1983 Radiation Safety Decree 07.09.1985 Regulation on Radiation Safety 24.03.2000 Regulation on Basic Requirements of Quality Management for Safety

in Nuclear Installations

13.09.2007

Regulation on Nuclear Safety Inspections and Enforcements 13.09.2007 Regulation on Specific Principles for Safety of Nuclear Power Plants 17.10.2008 Regulation on Design Principles for Safety of Nuclear Power Plants 17.10.2008 Regulation on Nuclear Power Plant Sites 21.03.2009 Regulation on Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials 30.05.2012 Regulation on Physical Protection of Nuclear Facilities and Nuclear

Materials

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INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

NAME RATIFICATION

Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water

13.05.1965

Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons 28.11.1979

Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Material 07.08.1986

Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency

03.09.1990

Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident 03.09.1990

Convention on Nuclear Safety 14.01.1995

Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty 26.12.1999

Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management

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LIABILITY CONVENTIONS

NAME RATIFICATION

Paris Convention (1960 Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy)

13.05.1961

Protocol to Amend the Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy of 29 July 1960

13.06.1967

Protocol to Amend the Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy of 29 July 1960, as Amended by the Additional Protocol of 28 January 1964

23.05.1986

Joint Protocol Relating to the Application of the Vienna and the Paris Conventions

19.11.2006

Protocol to Amend the Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy of 29.07.1960, as Amended by the Additional Protocol of 28.01.1964 and by the Protocol of 16.11.1982

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)

The Countries which Turkey signed Bilateral Agreements on Nuclear Issues

Turkey signed bilateral agreements for cooperation in peaceful uses of nuclear energy with the following countries;

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WHY NUCLEAR PREFERED BY TURKEY?

v

Yearly energy consumption increase with % 7-8 in Turkey

v

Reserve capacity will start to decrease by 2018, as a result of

the "Generation Capacity Projection“

v

NPP's are necessary for meeting the demand effectively as a

base-load generation source

v

Source diversification

v

Decreasing the share of the natural gas in electricity

production

v

According to the targets of MENR, the share of nuclear

generation in the total installed capacity is projected to be:

v

Up to 5% until 2020

v

At least 10% until 2023 and to increase in long term.

Workshop on Energy Assesments and Pre-Feasibility/Feasibility Studies for a NPP Programmes Korea Nuclear Agency, Seoul, Korea

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CONCLUSION

1. Though liberalization policies have accelerated in the last years, EÜAŞ is still the largest generating and mining company of Turkey

2. Operating experience of thermal and hydroelectric power plants

3. Several attempts on nuclear had almost no significant results in the past 4. A sharp change in nuclear policy by 2010

From tenders to Intergovernmental Agreements - IGA with Russia

- IGA with Japan

5. The international investments and relations are going on for NPP’s - Akkuyu NPP is under construction process following the agreement

with Russia

- Sinop NPP is on the planning stage; IGA signed with Japan and France Consortium (ATMEA)

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THANK YOU…

ELECTRICITY GENERATION COMPANY

Dr. Mehmet BULUT mehmet.bulut@euas.gov.tr

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