HI TECH PROJECTS magazine

36 

Loading.... (view fulltext now)

Loading....

Loading....

Loading....

Loading....

Full text

(1)
(2)

The book covers Animal Waste Disposal Apparatus, Apparatus for processing medical waste , Biological composition for processing animal waste, Medical Waste Treatment Unit, Biological waste water treatment system, Medical waste treatment device and method ,Biological waste conversion system, Method and Apparatus for preparing organic waste fuel, Apparatus for composting organic waste, Organic waste recycling method, Biological treatment of hazardous waste, Apparatus for reduction of biological wasted sludge, Compositions for disinfecting wastes.

HI-Tech Projects, Aug'2012 # 03

www.eiriindia.org

ROLLING MILL BY TMT

TECHNOLOGY

Rolling mill by TMT Technology (Thermo Mechanical Treatment) takes recourse to modern innovative technology making use of TMT Technology. The basic object of TMT Technology is that proof stress in metal is relieved by passing through TMT chamber. For Rolling mill by TMT Technology, M.S Billets/M.S Ingots are the raw materials which are conveyed to a reheating furnace, where heating is done with furnace oil or CNG Gas. The furnace is equipped with recuperator, heating and pumping unit, chimney, burners, etc. The furnace is lined with High Alumina Refractory Bricks. Subsequent to the furnace operation, the stuff is conveyed to 16" stand and 12" stand for roughing in roughing mill (Hot Rolling mill). The resulting stuff from the above operation at 900-950 C is then introduced into TMT Chamber. TMT Chamber exposes high discharge pump with motor, nozzles to set the pressure and water is maintained at a temp of 30 C. TMT Technology is of immense signification in regard to the Rolling Mill.

o

o

Plant Capacity 100 MT/Day

Land & Building Rs. 3.15 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 4.82 Cr. W.C. for 3 Months Rs. 7.31 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 15.50 Cr.

Rate of Return 48%

Break Even Point 44%

(4 Acres) COST ESTIMATION

ROLLING MILL WITH

INDUCTION FURNACE

Castings of suitable shape and size intended for subsequent hot working are termed as Ingots. Ingot iron has very low carbon in steel. This is generally made in the open hearth in which all the other elements are removed to the maximum extent possible. Some of the commercial products falling under this group have less than 0.1% of all non-iron elements put together. Ingots are cast in ingot moulds which are the containers usually made of cast iron into which molten steel is poured & allowed to solidify. Mild steel ingots are carbon steels only containing, usually, 0.15 to 0.25% of carbon. These may be fully deoxidized to reduce the oxygen content of the steel to a minimum inorder that no reaction takes places between carbon & oxygen during solidification. Such steels are called “Killed Steel”. Most of the bars and s t r u c t u r a l s a r e m f d . i n s t a n d a r d sections/sizes. But, ingots/Billets/Bfoomy etc. require mutual negotiations between the producer & the buyer for factors & rangs. Generally M.S. ingots are produced in square cross sections of sizes 50 mm to 125 mm in 1979. There were 145 licensed Electric Arc Furnace units with a total licensed capacity of 3.32 million ingot tonnes running at 70% capacity utilization. These units collectively form the group of mini steel Plants.

Plant Capacity 300 MT/Day

Land & Building 94 Th.

Plant & Machinery 35 Th.

W.C. for 3 Months 6.56 Lacs

Total Capital Investment 7.91 Lacs

Rate of Return 61%

Break Even Point 23%

(10000 sq.mt.)

COST ESTIMATION (All Fig. in Thousand)

TECHNOLOGY OF PRODUCTS

FROM WASTES INDUSTRIAL,

AGRICULTURE, MEDICAL,

MUNICIPALITY, ORGANIC &

BIOLOGICAL

ISBN NO; 978-81-89765-95-8

Rs.

900/-Hi-Tech Projects

An Industrial Monthly Magazine on Hi-Tech Projects & developed and underdeveloping Technologies with lucrative

Project opportunities Editor

Sudhir Gupta (Industrial Consultant) Ankur Gupta (Assistant Editor)

FOR INDIA: Single Copy Rs. 20/-One Year Rs. 225/-Three Years Rs. 650/-(Add Rs. 125/- for outstation cheques. Please make the Draft/Cheque in favour of “Engineers India Research Institute, Delhi” FOR OVERSEAS: Single Copy US$ 5/-One Year US$ 60/-Three Years US$

170/-SUBSCRIPTION RATES

CAUTION

Project Reports/Profiles provided in this issue had been prepared on datas available at the

time of preparing these reports. Entrepreneurs/Industrialists are requested to please update the data before venturing into any project mentioned herein. However efforts have been made to provide Correct information even then no guarantee can be given about the authenticity of the matter. All disputes are subect to Delhi Jurisdiction only.

Over 32 years Experienced Industrial Consultants

Postal Address: 4449 Nai Sarak, Main Road, Delhi - 110006 (INDIA) Ph : 91- 11- 23916431, 23918117, 45120361, 64727385, 23947058 E-Mail : eiriprojects@gmail.com, eiribooks@yahoo.com Website: www.eiriindia.org, www.eiribooksandprojectreports.com, www.eiri.in, www.industrialprojectreports.com Mobile: 9811437895, 9811151047 Our Bankers (All Current Accounts)

All the Books Also Available at : EIRI Project Consultants & Publishers

Roop Nagar, Delhi Printed, Published & Edited by Sudhir Kumar Gupta on behalf of “Engineers India Research Institute” 4449, Nai Sarak, Delhi -6 and Printed at Swastik Offset, Naveen Shahdara, Delhi, Registered with Registrar

News Paper for India R. No.: DELENG/2001/5050

DL(DG)-11/8024/2009-11 at Delhi R.M.S. U(DN)-159/2009-DL(DG)-11/8024/2009-11 LICENCED TO POST WITHOUT

PREPAYMENT (1) AXIS BANK LTD. CA- 054010200006248 (2) ICICI BANK LTD. CA- 038705000994 (3) HDFC BANK CA- 05532020001279 (4) UNION BANK OF INDIA

CA- 307201010015149 (5) STATE BANK OF INDIA

CA- 30408535340

DL(DG)-11/8024/2012-14

The book Technology of Oilseeds Processing, Oils & Fats and Refining covers Chemical constituents of Fats, Oleaginous Seeds and their oils, Olive and Olive Oil, Palm Oil and Its Fractions, Animal Fat, Te c h n o l o g y o f R e f i n i n g o f F a t s , Hydrogenation Technology, Fractionation Technology, Margarine Technology, Production of Neat Soap with 63% fatty acids, Oilseed Processing Technology.

Technology Of

PROCESSING

OILS AND FATS

AND REFINING

OILSEEDS

ISBN – 9789380772073

Rs.

1400/-Plus Rs. 125 Courier exp. Exp.*US$

140/-New 2012 Edition

(3)

The book covers Laminated Wood Products, Technology of Veneer and Plywood, Adhesives for Panel Products, Beech (Fagus Species), Prevention and Control of Powder post bore, S a n d w i c h B o a r d s , M a n u f a c t u r e o f Particleboard and Composite Products, Fibreboard Technology, Manufacturing Technology of Pulp and Paper, Types of Flooring, Wenge (Millettia Laurentii), Kiln drying: Manual Versus Automatic, Phenol Formaldehyde Resin Emulsions as Wood Adhesives, Bamboo mat composites and moulded products, Shake and Shingle Industry Roofing Material, Processed Wood & Wood Products, Wood and Biomass Utilization, Forest Products, Bamboo Mat Board, Bamboo Mat Corrugated Sheets & Bamboo Floor Board, Bamboo Shoot, Cane & Bamboo Products

www.eiriindia.org

SUGAR PLANT

Sugar is a universal sweetening agent and sugar - cane is the primary age - old source of it. Sugar cane is a very important industrial crop, accounting for about 60% of sugar production in the world. From the times immemorial the word “sugar” is being used variously to express delight as well as distrust sarcastically. Sugar has been used in human diet through the functions of pancreas, depending on the quantity of sugar consumed. It is must for human diet when taken directly or indirectly through various carbohydrate containing food stuffs. Sugar as sucrose is important for energy and metabolic activities. When sugar was prepared from sugar cane in the beginning cannot be definitely stated, but brown sugar or gur (Jaggery) was the first known form of sugar manufactured from sugar cane as well as from wild date palm (phonnix sulvestris), palmyra palm (Borassus Flapellifar), toddy palm (Caryota urens) and other palms contains 12-14% sugar in their sap tapped for the purposes. The main raw material for sugar production, i.e. sugarcane grows widely and efforts are constantly being made to bring more area under cultivation. The process chemicals required are also available.

Plant Capacity 450450 MT/Day Land & Building Rs. 10.56 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 61.45 Cr. W.C. for 2 Months Rs. 10.55 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 89.93 Cr.

Rate of Return 13%

Break Even Point 73%

(80 Acres) COST ESTIMATION

SPONGE IRON FROM

IRON ORE

The state of a country’s iron and steel industry provides an index of its industrial progress. A universally accepted yardstick for measuring a country’s level of economic development is its per capita Consumption of steel. Judged by the Yardstick, the depressing fact remains that India is among the countries with the lowest per capita consumption of steel in the world, with only 14 kg Developed countries such as Sweedon, West Germany, Japan and U.S.A. have high per capita consumption figures. The history of iron & steel making in India goes back to over 2,500 years, making India of the earliest uses of iron and steel in the world. In anevent times, India has attained a remarkably high degree of skill in iron smelting and the making of iron products. The basic raw material for Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) steelmaking is steel scrap. With the rapid growth in EAF steelmaking, demand for scrap has been on the increase. On the other hand, improvements in steelmaking practices and subsequent processing steps of casting and rolling have improved yields of semis and finished products which has led to reduction in the volume of return scrap generated in these operations.

Plant Capacity 450 MT/Day

Land & Building Rs. 64 Th. Plant & Machinery Rs. 5.25 Lacs W.C. for 3 Months Rs. 8.50 Lacs Total Capital Investment Rs. 14.83 Lacs

Rate of Return 23%

Break Even Point 51%

(10 Acres)

COST ESTIMATION (all fig. in thousand)

SOLAR POWER

(ENERGY) PLANT

Solar power plants are a necessity at places in India like remote hilly areas and islands for providing electricity in order to improve the standard of living of the people. Financial constraints in the public sector and non-remunerative characteristics of economics act as disincentives to private entrepreneurs, which are impediments to the national programme of solar electrification of villages. Despite these constraints, the Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources, Government of India is attempting to electrify as many villages as possible with the solar photovoltaic system. This paper attempts to show how improvements in technology and competitiveness among players in the fields of manufacture, supply, and installation are leading to reduction in costs, but not at the sharp rate that is competitive with conventional power. However, it appears that direct conversion of solar power to electricity is cheaper in India than in Germany.

Plant Capacity 25 MW

Land & Building Rs. 1.92 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 180 Cr. W.C. for 2 Months Rs. 1.04 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 205 Cr.

Rate of Return 7%

Break Even Point 82%

(8 Acres) COST ESTIMATION

M.S. IGNOTS

BY INDUCTION FURNACE

Castings of suitable shape and size intended for subsequent hot working are termed as Ingots. Ingot iron has very low carbon in steel. This is generally made in the open hearth in which all the other elements are removed to the maximum extent possible. Some of the commercial products falling under this group have less than 0.1% of all non-iron elements put together. Ingots are cast in ingot moulds which are the containers usually made of cast iron into which molten steel is poured & allowed to solidify. Mild steel ingots are carbon steels only containing, usually, 0.15 to 0.25% of carbon. These may be fully deoxidized to reduce the oxygen content of the steel to a minimum inorder that no reaction takes places between carbon & oxygen during solidification. Such steels are called “Killed Steel”. Most of the bars and structural are mfd. in s t a n d a r d s e c t i o n s / s i z e s . B u t , ingots/Billets/Bfoomy etc. require mutual negotiations between the producer & the buyer for factors & rangs. Generally M.S. ingots are produced in square cross sections of sizes 50 mm to 125 mm in 1979. There were 145 licensed Electric Arc Furnace units with a total licensed capacity of 3.32 million ingot tons running at 70% capacity utilization.

Plant Capacity 24 MT/Day

Land & Building Rs. 93 Lacs Plant & Machinery Rs. 47 Lacs W.C. for 1 Months Rs. 2.61 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 4.13 Cr.

Rate of Return 85%

Break Even Point 38%

(5000 sq.mt.) COST ESTIMATION

DISPOSABLE PLASTIC CUPS

GLASSES ETC.

The plastic industry in India plays a very important and key role in Industrialisation. A wide spectrum of plastics and articles manufactured by the industry have touched the life of every Indian in many ways through consumer plastics. Now we have entered into another era of plastic consumer goods continuously replacing the traditional items. The items cover from furniture to medical sciences from lutchen equipment to daily use articles. Disposable cups, glasses, and plates are used in daily life now a days.

Plant Capacity 100000 Plastic Glasses/Day 100000 Plastic Cups/Day Land & Building Rs. 27 Lacs Plant & Machinery Rs. 1.48 Cr. W.C. for 3 Months Rs. 2.69 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 4.50 Cr.

Rate of Return 33%

Break Even Point 55%

(Area 300 sq.mt) COST ESTIMATION

MODERN TECHNOLOGY

OF WOOD, VENEER,

PLYWOOD, PARTICLE

BOARD, FIBREBOARD,

BAMBOO &

FOREST PRODUCTS

ISBN NO. 978-81-89765-36-1

Rs.

1600/-choose & start your own industry

(4)

Steel is the most widely used materials in a large variety of applications both simple & sophisticated. Steel is one of the most recyclable material available 40% of steel produced in the world is from recyding techniques. Demand for steel has increased three folds in last 15 years, in India. To retain India’s competitiveness in steel making, it is significant that we upgrade our technology & clear the back log of maintenance. The steel market of 1990s are characterised by r e d u c e d c o s t & s t r i n g e n t q u a l i t y c o n s i d e r a t i o n s . T h e m a i n p r o c e s s improvements include near net shape c a s t i n g , c o n t r o l l e d r o l l i n g & t h e thermomechanical pocessing that minimise traditional heat treatments. Higher & faster cooling rates during solidification and rapid melting, refining & casting have lead to adoption of high and ultra high frequency electric furnaces equipped with effecient water cooling arrangments operating at higher temperatures.

MINI STEEL PLANT

(3T-INDUCTION FURNACE)

Cost Estimation (Area 5 Acres)

Plant Capacity 18000 Ton/Annual Land & Building Rs. 55 Lacs Plant & Machinery Rs. 1.40 Cr. W.C. for 3 Months Rs. 4.21 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 6.61 Cr.

Rate of Return 17%

Break Even Point 77%

Sodium tripoly phosphate (STPP) is an essential raw material to the detergent industry. All modern synthetic detergent powders contain between 30 percent to 50 percent of sodium tripoly phosphate as a very essential ingredient. As a matter of fact without sodium tripoly phosphate a detergent effectively and white fabrics repeatedly washed would eventually turn grey. Sodium tripolyphosphate or rather detergent phosphate in general have been blamed for entrophication. Entrophic waters may be defined as those with a high concentration and growth rate of plant life. The opposite are called oligotrophic waters which have little or no primary productivity ways and means are being sought to replace or reduce the phosphate content of detergents.

Cost Estimation (Area 5 Acre)

Plant Capacity 100 TON/Day

Land and Building Rs. 1.33 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 3.27 Cr. W.C. for 2 Months Rs. 19.23 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 24.62 Cr.

Rate of Return 27%

Break Even Point 45%

All living beings requires certain essential nutrition for its survival & growth. Plants & other vegetation are no doubt living beings & thus, they also requires certain foods to grow. The fertilizers are that materials which are added to the soil, to supply nutrients for the survival & formal growth of plants. The fertilizers promote growth of plants. The fertilizers promote their growth fruitfully. The elements that constitute these essential plant foods are as follows:- i) Nitrogen, ii) Phosphorous, iii) Potassium, iv) Calcium, v) Magnesium, vi) Sulfur, vii) Iron, viii) Manganese, ix) Copper, x) Zinc, xi) Boron, xii) Molybdenum, First three among list are primary elements; next three are secondary elements; & rest are micro-nutrients. Calcium & Magnesium maintains also the ptl & tilh of the soil in addition to improve their nutritional value. All there nutrients are present in soil naturally excluding micronutrients) but their supply is not adequate for sustained & economic cultivation.

UREA FERTILIZER PLANT

Cost Estimation (All Fig. in Lacs)

Plant Capacity 3000 MT/Day

Land & Building (Area 100 Acres) Rs. 5 Th. Plant & Machinery Rs. 2.19 Lacs

W.C. for 3 Months Rs. 6 Th.

Total Capital Investment Rs. 2.51 Lacs

Rate of Return 2%

Break Even Point 89%

T h e t r a n s m i s s i o n l i n e t o w e r s a r e comparatively light structures and the maximum wind pressure is the main criterion for their design. The concurrence of earth quake & intensified wind pressures may also be considered in the earth quake - prone areas for design of the overhead transmission line towers. These towers are fabricated by means of bolted joints only. The structural steels of well specified quality only are used in construction of transmission line towers to ensure the permissible stresses and other design details. Practices followed in material selection, design, fabrication, testing and must suit the field conditions of this country. Various design considerations are adopted in the design of self-supporting steel lattice towers for overhead transmission lines, including loads, combination of loads, permissible stresses, wind pressures likely to be experienced during service and atmospheric corrosion intensity. This project does not propose to manufacture guyed towers & special towers for river crossings or other large spans. The intention is to produce overhead electric power transmission line towers to be used in plains.

STEEL TRANSMISSION LINE

TOWER & HOT ROLLING MILL TO

PRODUCE STEEL SECTIONS

Cost Estimation (Fig. in Lacs Rs.) (Area 5 Acres)

Land and Building Rs. 2 Hr.

Plant & Machinery Rs. 6 Hr.

W.C. for 3 Months Rs. 5 Th.

Total Capital Investment Rs. 6 Th.

Rate of Return 34%

Break Even Point 38%

SODIUM TRIPOLY

PHOSPHATE

HI-Tech Projects, Aug'2012 # 05

Vodka is a clear liquor manufactured from ethyl alcohol. It lacks colour, and normally has very little taste or aroma. Vodka is the base ingredient for many cocktails, mixed drinks, and alcoholic products today. It is said to have been originally created from potatoes in Russia for medicinal purposes. Nowadays, Vodka is distilled from barley, wheat or rye in adition to potato. Adulterated vodkas are now a popular alternative to the original. These will normally contain a mixture of sweeteners, flavourings, colorings and fruit juices. Most flavored vodka contains 30-35% alcohol, whereas clear vodka is normally 40%, with a few brands offering a 50% product on top. Just as-there are various styles of gin with different flavour charateristics so there are differents in Vodka. Thevodkas which have become accepted and now widely produce outside Russia and Eastern Europe one the flavorless type where reacling the consumer has only the flavour of pure ethyl alohol vodkas of this type are populer in the Russia for in analysing by G.I.C.a number of western brands together with Russian -made vodka slavutskaya it-al (1969) claimmed to find more volatile compounds is the former type on the other hand there are vodkas which are flavoured is manufacture either with fruits or hervs and are sold with an internlionally flavoured chanaler.

Cost Estimation (15000 sq.mt.)

Plant Capacity 10000 KL/Annum Land and Building Rs. 2.83 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 10 Lacs W.C. for 2 Months Rs. 2.23 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 22.47 Cr.

Rate of Return 52%

Break Even Point 48%

VODKA FROM POTATOES

There is need of Women Polytechnic College in India for the development of country and provide the better opportunity for women in technical field. But in our country reservation system will not cater the merit of the general student as well as not application of technology by developed technology. Now a days highering of technology and running of administration is the main tool of the Indian’s industry. The economic progress of a country is strongly linked with the quality of education. It is therefore necessary for our technical educators to undertake periodic review of the curriculum and subject content of the technical programmes to ensure that they are up to date, not outmoded or obsolete and e f f e c t i v e l y f u l f i l l t h e t e c h n o l o g i c a l requirements.

Cost Estimation (20 Acres)

Land and Building Rs. 10.53 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 9.03 Cr. W.C. for 3 Months Rs. 1.16 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 23.78 Cr.

Rate of Return 25%

Break Even Point 56%

WOMAN POLYTECHNIC

COLLEGE

is fully capable to prepare any Project Report of your Choice

(5)

HI-Tech Projects, Aug’2012 # 06

CREATING A PERFUME

FLOWER PERFUMES AND THEIR FORMULATIONS

SOPHISTICATED/FANTASY PERFUMES AND THEIR FORMULATIONS

PACKAGING OF PERFUMES

TESTING OF PERFUME AEROSOL SPRAY

AROMATIC PERFUMERY COMPOUNDS

SCENTS AND PERFUMES

SPRAY (PERFUMES)

FLORAL OILS

MANUFACTURING PROCESSES OF FLAVOURS NON-ALCOHOLIC FLAVOURS

FLAVOURS FRUIT (WHISKEY, VODKA, GRAPE BUTTER SCOTCH AND RUM)

The Practical Foundation

Inspiration, Response to Stinuli, Trial and error colours, Trial and error, Colours, Jeancard on composition, Limitations of Formulae, The Perfumer's knowledge of Chemistry

Creativity in the Art of Perfumery, Carles's Method, Merit of Carles's System, Tone, Volatility, Intensity, Volume, Atmosphere, Tenacity, Fixation,Systematic Recording of Data,

Rose, Jasmine, Orangeflower and Neroli Violet, Acacia, Broom, Carnation, Lity of the Valley, Linden (Lime Blossom), Mangotia, Mignonette, (Reseda) Mimosa, Narcissus, Nardo, New Mown Hay, Nicotiana, Opopanax, Orchid (Orchidee), Pansy, Peony, Phlox, Sweet Pea, Syringa (Philadelphus), Trefle (Clover), Tuberose, Verbena, Wallflower, Wistaria, Ylang-Ylang

Dominant Note Types, The Ambergns Note Manufacturing Processes, Alcoholic Strengths, Control

Introduction, Packaging in the Past The Impact of Aerosols Perfume Identity, The Name The Bottle, Labels, Cartons and Coffrets External Wrapping

Perfume and the World of Fashion, The Question of Colour, The Means of Advertising, Press Publicity, Samples and Models

Manufacturing Process Essence of Perfumery

Synthetic Rose Otto No. 1056, Red Roses No. 1057 Violet No. 1068,

Formulation and raw materials, Fancy Bouquet Manufacturing Process

Process, Royale Bouquet, Process

Process of Manufacture Extraction Process Extraction Volatile Solvent

Manufacturing Process General Procedure Synthetic Rose otto No. 1056 Red Roses. No. 1057, Violet No. 108

Selection of Site, Raw Materials Treatment of the Ingredients Manufacture by Maceration

Concentrating the Preparation, Hastening the process, Tier system, Another Tier Arrangement, Oil Direct from the Seeds, Recipes, Bella Oil, Jasmine Oil, Chameli Oil, Champaka Oil, Kantali Champaka Oil Jahuri Champaka Oil, Dolan Champaka Oil, Nageswar Champaka Oil, Henna Oil

Gul Henna Oil, Musk Henna Oil, Janti Oil, Mallika Oil, Tuberose Oil, Rose Oil

Bakul Oil, Ketaki Oil, Kamini Oil, Lemon Flowers Oil, Gandharaj Oil, Madhumalali Oil, Khus Oil, Lotus Oil Storing

Artificial Flavourings

Process Flow Diagram of Rum Flavour Manufacturing Process

For Rum Process

TERPENELESS MENTHOL CRYSTALS

TRENDS IN TRADE OF ESSENTIAL OILS

DEMAND FOR ESSENTIAL OILS

SUPER CRITICAL FLUID EXTRACTION (SCFE) TECHNOLOGY FOR SPICE EXTRACTION

CITRONELLA OIL

CLOVE OIL

EXTRACTION OF ESSENTIAL OILS BY SUPER CRITICAL FLUID (CARBON DIOXIDE) METHOD FROM FLOWERS, HERBS AND SPICES

EUCALYPTUS OIL

GINGER OIL

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF JASMINE FOR ESSENTIAL OIL

LEMON GRASS OIL Manufacturing Process

Fractional Distillation of D.M.O. for Removar of Terpene, Extraction of Menthol, Crystallization Separation of the menthol Crystals from the Dementholized Oil

Drying the Menthol Crystals Yield of Menthol & Dementholized Mint Oil

Introduction, Indian Scenario Uses of Essential Oils

Abstract, Introduction, Scope of this presentation Supercritical Fluid Extraction System (SCFE), Working Principle and SCFE Process Description, Carton Dioxide as SC Solvent its Plust Point

Advantages of the SCFE process, Parameters to be Determined in SCFE Process Design Need for Basic Process Data

Important Parameters of the SCF Extraction Plant for Spices (19), SCF Extraction of Spice Essential Oils, Oleoresins and Major Chemical Constituents present therein, SCFE of Pepper Oil, SCF CO2 Extraction Versus, Conventional, Solvent Extraction, SCFE of Black Pepper Oleoresin, SCFE of Ginger Oil, SCFE (CO2) of Piperine Pepper, Economics of the SCFE Process

Commercial Scale SCFE Plants in U.K. Austria Germany, Australia & France, Factors Affecting plant designing, Other commercial SCFE Activity Areas, Future Scope for SCFE Process

Planting and Cultivation, Harvesting, Distillation Distillation Process Erection and distillation of suitable type of still

The Election and Operation of suitable type of still Water and Steam still , Fuel, Steam Stills Condenser, Storage of Citronella Oil, Determination of Aidehyde and Ketones

Process flow sheet

Procedure, Natural Sulphite Method, Procedure

Process of Manufacture

Manufacturing Process

Extraction of Essential Oil from Flowers, Solvent Extraction Process using super critical Fluid (CO2), From Flowers, Process flow Diagram, From Herbs Process flow Diagram for Extraction of Essential Fluid Method, Process flow diagram from Extraction of Essential oils from spices using super critical Fluid (SCF) method, From Spices

Process of Manufacture

Distillation, Distillation Processes, Operation Refining, Yield Location Conditions, Raw Materials Market, Water Position

Manufacturing Process

Preparation of Raw Materials, Cleaning Milling, Soaking, Loading of Charging Bleaching of Ginger,

Distillation, Practice of Distillation, Steam Distillation, Flow Diagram

Extraction of Jasmine Concrete & its Economic Prospect

Manufacturing Process, Process Flow Diagram Raw Material Position

PALMOIL CRUSHING

TECHNOLOGY OF ESSENTIAL OILS

ESSENCES AND OTTOS: PREPARATION OF ESSENCES

NATURAL ESSENCES

MANUFACTURING OF ARTIFICIAL ESSENCES

PREPARATION OF OTTO

PALMAROSA OIL

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF LEMONGRASS

KEWDA ESSENTIAL OIL AND ATTAR

PALMAROSA OILS

SANDALWOOD

TECHNOLOGY OF PALMAROSA OIL Manufacturing Process, Technology and Process Description, Reception of Raw Material, Sterilizing Stripping, Digesting, Pressing/Oil Extraction Process flow Sheet for Palm Oil, Clarification Storage

Odoriferous Elements, Preliminary Treatment Process of Manufacture

By Maceration, Exhaustion of Oil Bearing Sources, Concentration of the Oil

Collecting the Oil, By Distillation, By Expression Enfleurage, Solvent Extraction, Absolutes Preservation, Properties

Ajwan Oil, Amla Oil, Aniseed Oil, Camphor, Cinnamon Oil, Citrus Oils, Cloves Oil, Cardamom Oil, Cassia Oil, Eucalyptus Oil, Geranium Oil, Ginger Grass Oil, Khus Oil, Lemon Grass Oil, Lemon Rind Oil etc., Linaloe Oil, Palmarosa Or Rosha, Grass Oil, Orange Oil, Pumelo Oil, Rose Oil, Sandalwood Oil

Salresin or Chua Oil, Turpentine Oil

Mode of Preparation

Floral Extracts, Classes of Essences, Blending Filtering and Packing

Bakul, Henna, Musk Henna

Ketaki, Bela, Mallika, Gandharaj, Hasu No Henna, Champaka, Jahuri Chamapaka, Kantali Champaka, Rose, Tuberose, Chameli, Jasmine, Khus, Fanti, Orange, Ambergris, Musk, Patchauli Cloves, Lavender, Pumelo Cassia, White Rose, Orange, Bergamot, Violet, Rose Geranium, Lemon, Sandalwood

Simple Essences, Handkerchief Essences Compound Essences

Forgot Me-Not, Remember Me, Sir Walter Scott, Essence Jasmine, Kiss me quick, Musk Rose, Essence Vicoria, American Beuty Essence Tuberose Lily

Essence Rose, Nizam Monte Cristo, Sultana Lavenia, Jung Bahadur, Jubilee Rajanigandha Madhumati, Canaga Kusum, Marsenil, Lily Blossom Chandra Mallika, Cerry Laurel, Emperor, Cashmere Bakul Coronation, Cherry Vanilla, Prince Rose, Boquet Empress, Durbar, Viceroy Verbena, Nepolean Lily, Heliotrope, Hyacinth

Floral Ottos, Rose, Bela, Chameli, Jasmine, Mallika Madhumalati, Henna, Musk Henna, Champaka, Kantali Champaka, Jahuri Champaka, Dolan Champaka, Negeswar Champaka, Bakul Gandharaj, Hasu-No-Henna, Patchauli, Tuberose, Keora, Kamini, Khus, Janti, Pumelo

Shephalica, Sandalwood, Artificial Ottos, Marketing

Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Oil Yield

Herbage yield, Oil Recovery Percentage and Geraniol Control

Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion

Introduction, Materials and Methods, Determination and Methoxyl Group, Determination of Hydroxyl Group, Methoxyl Value Determination, Conclusion

Introduction, Materials & Methods, Results & Discussion

Introduction, Materials and Methods, Materials, Apparatus, Results and Discussion

Introduction, Material and Methods, Results and Discussion

TECHNOLOGY OF

PERFUMES, FLAVOURS

AND ESSENTIAL OILS

Rs.

1175/-Plus Rs.

125/-Courier Exp.

AVAILABLE AT : 4449 Nai Sarak, Main Road, Delhi - 110006 (INDIA)

Ph : 91- 11- 23916431, 23918117, 45120361, 64727385, 23947058 Mobile: 9811437895, 9811151047

(6)

HI-Tech Projects, Aug'2012 # 07

www.eiriindia.org

start your own industry

ZINC & COPPER SULPHATE

Zinc sulphate is a widely used chemical and has been known under the name of “White Vitrol”. Although Zinc Sulphate (hepta hydrate) occurs in nature in small quantities as mineral Glosarite, this compound is normally manufactured synthetically. It is the colourless crystalline solid with crystals being orthorhombic in shape. It exists in various crystalline forms of hydrates as ZnSo . 7H O.ZnSo .6H O, ZnSo .H O. Zinc sulphate is also found in three unstable hydrates forms whose molecular formula’s are ZnSo .4H O,ZnSo .H O and ZnSo .H O. The unstable hydrates are more soluble than stable form. The solubility of the unstable hydrate is 58.7 gm in 10 gm of water at 18 c while stable shows only 52.7 gm in 100 grams. The most important & popular commercial form of the compound is ZnSo .7H O. 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 o

Plant Capacity 5 MT/Day

Land & Building Rs. 97 Lacs Plant & Machinery Rs. 56 Lacs

W.C. for 2 Months Rs. 1 Cr.

Total Capital Investment Rs. 2.70 Cr.

Rate of Return 20%

Break Even Point 65%

(Area 2000 smt.) COST ESTIMATION

TMT STEEL BARS

Thermo mechanically treated (TMT) steel, can be described as a new-generation-high-strength steel having superior properties such as weldability, strength, ductility and tensility, which meet the highest international quality standards. Resists fire: Withstands temperatures up to 5,000C. Resists corrosion: The TMT process gives the bar superior strength and anti-corrosive properties. Earthquake resistance: The soft ferrite-pearlite core enables the bar to bear dynamic and seismic loading. Malleability: TMT bars are most preferred because of their flexible nature Enables welding: They have fine welding features. Bonding strength: External ribs running across the entire length of the TMT bar give superior bonding strength between the bar and the concrete. Cost-effective: A high tensile strength and better elongation value gives you great savings.

Plant Capacity 15 MT/Day

Land & Building Rs. 2.70 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 1.28 Cr. W.C. for 2 Months Rs. 2.32 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 6.65 Cr.

Rate of Return 38%

Break Even Point 54%

(400 sq.mt.) COST ESTIMATION

WHISPPING CREAM

Whipping cream is a cream with enough butter fat in it to allow it to be beaten stiff. Whipping cream has fat content of 34-40%. Heavy cream contains about 40% butter fat, while the lighter one contains about 18-20%. Heavy cream is suitable for whipping. Cream is first aged for 1 to 2 days at OoC. This will greatly increase whipping ability. Addition of cream helps in forming a froth in the first stage of whipping and the amount of milk may also be greatly increased. Heavy cream should be whipped until it has body & retains its shape. To avoid overwhipping the last stage of whipping should be carried out at medium speed, for every litre of heavy cream 50-60 gms confectioner’s sugar & vanilla are added at this stage. Whipping cream contains vegetable oil, Emulsifiers, & some flours like soya, maida, etc.

Plant Capacity 500 Kgs/Day

Land & Building Rs. 56 Lacs Plant & Machinery Rs. 24 Lacs W.C. for 3 Months Rs. 46 Lacs Total Capital Investment Rs. 1.36 Cr.

Rate of Return 23%

Break Even Point 60%

(Area 5000 s.mt.) COST ESTIMATION

ACTIVE ZINC OXIDE

Active Zinc oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula ZnO. ZnO is a white powder that is insoluble in water, which is widely used as an additive in numerous materials and products including plastics, ceramics, glass, cement, lubricant, paints, ointments, adhesives, sealants, pigments, foods (source of Zn nutrient), batteries, ferrites, fire retardants, and first aid tapes. It occurs naturally as the mineral zincite but most zinc oxide is produced synthetically. In materials science, ZnO is a wide-bandgap semiconductor of the II-VI semiconductor group (since oxygen was classed as an element of VIA group (the 6th main group, now referred to as 16th) of the periodic table and zinc, a transition metal, as a member of the IIB (2nd B), now 12th, group). The native doping of the semiconductor (due to oxygen vacancies) is n-type. This semiconductor has several f a v o r a b l e p r o p e r t i e s , i n c l u d i n g g o o d transparency, high electron mobility, wide bandgap, and strong room-temperature luminescence. Those properties are used in emerging applications for transparent electrodes in liquid crystal displays, in energy-saving or heat-protecting windows, and in electronics as thin-film transistors and light-emitting diodes.

Plant Capacity 10MT/Day

Land & Building Rs. 5.61 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 1.17 Cr. W.C. for 1 Months Rs. 2.13 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 9.45 Cr.

Rate of Return 59%

Break Even Point 32%

(Area 5000 s.mt.) COST ESTIMATION

The book covers Non Ferrous metals and Materials, Extraction of Titanium, Special Metals Extraction, Niobium, Tantalum, Hafnium and Gallium Production, Extraction of Metals, Extraction of Copper by Di-(2-Ethylhexyl) Dithiophosphate Salts, The Purification of Electrolytes from copper and Iron, Extraction of Rare Metals from Industrial Products of Lead-Zinc Production, Extraction of Cadmium, Solvent Extraction in the Processing of Leach and Waste Solutions, Recover of Tungsten from Alkaline Solution of Wolframite Concentrate, Recovery of Chromium and Gallium, Metallic Waste from Indian Zinc and Lead Industries, Molybdenum, Zirconium, Rare Earths, Bauxite Beneficiation .

ISBN – 978-93-80772-02-8

Price Rs.

1100/-Pages : 342

MODERN TECHNOLOGY OF

NON-FERROUS METALS AND

METAL EXTRACTION

HOSPITAL (400 BEDS)

T h e r e a r e m a n y H o s p i t a l s / N u r s i n g homes/Research centers in New Delhi including Batra Hospital, Sir Ganga Ram, Escorts, AIIMS, Apollo, Moolchand having capacity upto 300 beds, who are providing specialized treatments for various ailments. They have got very sophisticated equipments and facilities for General ward to I.C.U emergency cases. They are equipped with most modernized and latest machines equipments and gadgets with research centres for carrying at various medical tests and investigations. Among these prominent hospitals, very special care is rendered to the hospitals and even most complicated cases are handled well by most proficient physicians and surgeons, and others. India is a poor country. Government has facilitated free dispensaries, hospitals and health centres near and around all localities. Though, the Government is spending a lot on these hospitals, dispensaries and health centres, the poor people are not practically, getting full advantage of it. The reasons behind all that are that there is sufficient corruption in our health department. Doctors are not faithful and don’t consider their responsibility. Generally the costly medicines, tablets, capsules and injections etc. are shown out of stock while actually these things are available there. A poor person has to purchase from the market.

Plant Capacity 400 Beds

Land & Building Rs. 10 Lacs Plant & Machinery Rs. 17 Lacs W.C. for 1 Months Rs. 27 Th. Total Capital Investment Rs. 29 Lacs

Rate of Return 33%

Break Even Point 50%

(Area 50 Bighas) COST ESTIMATION (in Thousand)

(7)

www.eiriindia.org

LIST OF NEWLY PREPARED PROJECTS IN

JULY’12 BY EIRI TECHNOCRATES

BOTTLING PLANT

(WHISKY, BRANDY, RUM, VODKA, GIN FROM RECTIFIED SPRIIT/ENA The alcohol industry is very important for the government. It generates an estimated Rs. 16,000 crore per annum in spite of the fact that the per capita consumption of liquor in India is the lowest in the world. The total liquor industry is worth Rs. 2,000 crore. IMFL accounts for only a third of the total liquor consumption in India. Most IMFLs are cheap and are priced below Rs. 200 per bottle. Alcohol sales proceeds account for 45% of the total revenue collection in the country. Whiskey accounts for 60% of the liquor sales while rum; brandy any vodka account for 17% 18% and 6% respectively. MNCs share is only 10%and they have been successful only in the premium and super premium ranges. Post WTO the government may have opened India to foreign distilleries, but the duty has been increased from 222% to 464-706%.This is due to the fact that there is a 100% customs duty, 150%contravening duty, local taxes, distributors margin, retailers margin and publicity charges. The cost is finally borne by the consumer. Though the government claims that this is being done to protect the domestic liquor industry, the domestic industry accounts for 99% of the market share. This protectionist policy could prove to be counterproductive and lead to smuggling. As of now, only 45% of the sales are through legal channels and only 25% of this is duty paid for. Within India itself, the policy of alcohol retail differs form state to state. While some states like Maharashtra.

Plant Capacity 800 Boxes/Day Land & Building Rs. 4.40 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 3.15 Cr. W.C. for 2 Months Rs. 3.90 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 11.76 Cr.

Rate of Return 41%

Break Even Point 44%

(3 Acres) COST ESTIMATION

BIO FERTILIZER

After the introduction of chemical fertilizers in the last century, farmers were happy of getting increased yield in agriculture in the beginning. But slowly chemical fertilizers started displaying their ill-effects such as leaching out, and polluting water basins, destroying micro-organisms and friendly insects, making the crop more susceptible to the attack of diseases, reducing the soil fertility and thus causing irreparable damage to the overall system. A number of intellectuals throughout the world started working on the alternatives and found that biofertilizers can help in increasing the yield without causing the damage associated with chemical fertilizers.

Plant Capacity 3000 Packets/Day Land & Building Rs. 1.23 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 2.33 Cr. W.C. for 3 Months Rs. 6.50 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 10.61 Cr.

Rate of Return 34%

Break Even Point 55%

(2000 sq.mt.) COST ESTIMATION

CASTOR OIL

(EXTRACTION AND REFINING)

Castor oil is derived form the bean of the castor plant, Ricinus Communis L., of the family Eurphorbiaceae. The castor plant occurs in practically all tropical and subtropical countries, either wild or cultivated. It is also found widly as both an ornamental and cultivated plant in temperate zones where, because it is frost sensitive, it is grown annually from seed. It is a highly heterogeneous species, with wide variations in the size, form, and color of the plant, as well as the size and color of the seed, and the dehiscence of the capsules. There is relatively little variation in the oil content of fully matured seeds and in the chemical composition of the oil. The seeds are toxic and the ingestion of even on seed can be fatal to humans. The seeds of the castor plant are produced in racemes, or clusters of capsules. The capsules are usually spiny and each contains three seeds. The hulls surrounding the seeds constitute roughly one third of the weight of the mature capsule. The seeds are mottled to varying extents, most often with shades of dark brown overlaying, shades of light brown.

Plant Capacity 8.35 Ton/Day

Land & Building Rs. 1.52 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 1.15 Cr. W.C. for 1 Months Rs. 82 Lacs Total Capital Investment Rs. 3.36 Cr.

Rate of Return 37%

Break Even Point 59%

(2000 sq.mt.) COST ESTIMATION

ELECTRIC CONTROL PANEL

The control of large power circuits by electrically operated breakers has caused the “switch board” to be replaced by the “control board”. Several types of control boards are in general use. On these are mounted the necessary indicating and recording instruments, and relays. The arrangements of devices or boards should be simple and distinctive to aid the operator under normal and emergency conditions and to avoid the possibility of confusion and mistakes. The control and indicating devices of each main power circuit should be clearly set off from those of other circuits. The assembly of the panels and the selection of the type of panel depend entirely upon the size and type of the station and on local conditions. The panel type board may prove too long for satisfactory operation in very large stations, although this type is the simplest and least expensive. The bench board or a combination of control desk and switchboard is generally used, as such designs provide more space for the same length for the mounting of the equipments and can be arranged for closer supervision. In large switchboards, the panels are generally assembled in the form of an are or its equivalent. The bench-board type is commonly used for generator controls, while the vertical boards are more commonly used for feeders.

Plant Capacity 625 Nos./Day

Land & Building Rs. 3.05 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 1.28 Cr. W.C. for 1 Months Rs. 1.17 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 5.70 Cr.

Rate of Return 67%

Break Even Point 35%

(4000 sq.mt.) COST ESTIMATION

ZINC & COPPER SULPHATE

Zinc sulphate is a widely used chemical and has been known under the name of “White Vitrol”. Although Zinc Sulphate (hepta hydrate) occurs in nature in small quantities as mineral Glosarite, this compound is normally manufactured synthetically. It is the colourless crystalline solid with crystals being orthorhombic in shape. It exists in various crystalline forms of hydrates as ZnSO4. 7H2O.ZnSO4.6H2O, ZnSO4.H2O. Zinc sulphate is also found in three unstable hydrates forms whose molecular formula’s are ZnSO4.4H2O, ZnSo4.H2O and ZnSo4.H2O. The unstable hydrates are more soluble than stable form. The solubility of the unstable hydrate is 58.7 gm in 10 gm of water at 18oc while stable shows only 52.7 gm in 100 grams. The most important & popular commercial form of the compound is ZnSo4.7H2O. In reference to Bihar state they found that zinc deficiency varies from 25% to 75% and even more of the normal value. It was also shown that the response of zinc sulphate was good for rice, potato and tea in particular and for all the cereals as a whole. The process used for the manufacture of zinc sulphate on commercial scale is simple but technical grade salt can be produced by treating zinc ash or zinc dross (a waste by product form galvanizing units) with sulphuric acid and then filtering the slurry followed by concentration of the dilute zinc sulphate solution and finally during the crystals of ZnSO4.7H2O are separated form mother liquor in a high speed centrifuge crystallizer.

Plant Capacity 15 MT/Day

Land & Building Rs. 1.63 Lacs Plant & Machinery Rs. 1.62 Cr. W.C. for 3 Months Rs. 8.16 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 12.02 Cr.

Rate of Return 30%

Break Even Point 45%

(2000 sq.mt) COST ESTIMATION

IRON ORES

PELLETIZATION PLANT

Iron Ore Pellets are used in blast furnaces for producing sponge iron & steels. Marked by high productly lower fuel consumption and improved furnace control, pellets are now preferred all over the world for primary steel making. An iron ore pelletization unit can submit an IEM to SIA of ministry of Steel Industry to set-up a plant of mfg. capacity = 18 lakh tonners pa. This project sould be 100% EOU/EOU or an ancillary to a sponge iron plant. This plant can be set-up near an iron ore concentration site or a sponge iron plant or near a sea port for respective benefits of transportation costs saving on transfer of raw materials and /or finished products in between the point of importance & the plant. If it is near iron ore concentration plant raw materials transportation bill will be reduced. If set up near a sponge iron plant the cost of delivering pelletized products to the user plant will be small. Similarly in case of EOU project its being near a sea port will be beneficial.

Plant Capacity 50 MT/Day

Land & Building Rs. 10.28 Lacs Plant & Machinery Rs. 3.54 Lacs W.C. for 3 Months Rs. 1.98 Lacs Total Capital Investment Rs. 16.10 Lacs

Rate of Return 36%

Break Even Point 42%

(12000 sq.mt)

COST ESTIMATION (all Fig. in Th.)

(8)

www.eiriindia.org

COPPER PHTHALOCYANINE

BLUE AND GREEN

Phthalocyanine blue (PH-15) is a term that applies to both the alpha and beeta forms of copper phthalocyanine, as well as to a number of minor variations of the two. Phthalocyanines have excellent stability to light in both masstone and tint, excellent resistance to acids and alkalis, and nobleed in solvents. These outstanding pigment properties led to the currection of certain u n d e s i r a b l e p r o p e r t i e s s u c h a s crystallization and flocculation that were associated with the first attempts to use phthalocyanine blue pigments. The alpha-crystal form is the one that is unstable to high temperatures and certain solvents. Temperatures a little above 200oF or contact with aromatic solvents for halogen or oxygen containing solvents causes the alpha form to convert to the beeta form of copper phthalocyanine, generally with a loss of strength and always with a change in shade.

Plant Capacity 1 Ton/Day

Land & Building Rs. 98 Lacs Plant & Machinery Rs. 66 Lacs W.C. for 3 Months Rs. 2.98 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 5 Cr.

Rate of Return 45%

Break Even Point 43%

(1000 sq.mt)

AUTOMOBILE TRACTORS

Before we start it is necessary to know how the word Tractor is derived prior to 1900, the Machine were known as traction motor (pulling-machine). After the year 1900 both the words are joined by taking Tract from Traction and Tor from motor calling it a Tractor. In our Country tractors were started m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n r e a l s e n s e a f t e r independence and at present we are self-sufficient in meeting demand of countrys requirement for tractors. country where 75% of our population is directly or indirectly connected with agriculture. This can not be produced with our conventional bullock pulled agricultural implements. Tractor is one of the basic agricultural machines.

Plant Capacity 25 Nos/Day

Land & Building Rs. 4.78 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 2.59 Cr. W.C. for 2 Months Rs. 16.36 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 24.52 Cr.

Rate of Return 47%

Break Even Point 43%

(Area 8000 s.mt. COST ESTIMATION

TURMERIC OIL EXTRACTION

FROM DRY TURMERIC

ACTIVATED ALUMINA BALLS

Spice oleoresins are the most concentrated viscous liquid form of the spice and reproduce the character of the respective spice and spice oil fully. They are obtained by the solvent extraction of the powdered dried spices with subsequent removal of solvent. The oleoresins are used mainly as a flavouring agent in the food processing industry. They are more economical to use, are easier to control for quality and are cleaner than the equivalent ground spices. Their distinct advantage over the equivalent essential oils is that they are more stable when heated. The main products in a spice oleoresin plant are oleoresins of chilli, pepper, ginger and turmeric. The co-products are corresponding spice oils, which are widely used in food and pharmaceutical industries. Spent meals of spice powders after oleoresin extraction are by-products and are devoid of essential oils, pungent principles, fixed oils and resinous matter for which the spices are valued. This may be considered for incorporation in animal feed formulations, as spent meal is rich in carbohydrate and cellulose.

Activated alumina is a vital inorganic chemical for adsorption of gases and vapour in petroleum industry, as a catalyst or catalyst carrier in chromatography, and in water purification etc. It is produced from naturally occurring bauxite. Bauxite is a natural aggregate of aluminium - bearing mineral in which the aluminium occurs largely as hydrated oxides. In petroleum refining the activated alumina is used in the defluridation of the alkylates yielded from hydro fluoric acid alkylation. The activated alumina is a very effective difluridation agent for potable water. More over alumina is inert chemically to most gases and vapours of commercial importance and is non toxic. Activated aluminas are widely used in adsorption and catalysis where their large surface area, pore structure and surface chemistry play an essential role. They are obtained from various hydrated aluminas by controlled heating, so as to eliminate most of the H2O of constitution.

Plant Capacity 12 MT/Day

Land & Building Rs. 5.20 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 1.42 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 16.45 Cr.

Rate of Return 63%

Break Even Point 31%

(Area 5000s.mt.)

Plant Capacity 3 MT/Day

Land & Building Rs. 2.26 Lacs Plant & Machinery Rs. 41 Lacs W.C. for 3 Months Rs. 88 Lacs Total Capital Investment Rs. 3.79 Cr.

Rate of Return 32%

Break Even Point 54%

(2000 sq.mt.) COST ESTIMATION

COST ESTIMATION COST ESTIMATION

ALWAYS READY

FOR YOUR HELP

63

1. ALUMINIUM EXTRUSION 17 Cr. 2. ALCOHOL FROM BROKEN RICE 6 Cr. 3. AUTOMATIC BRICK PLANT 4 Cr. 4. AUTOMATION CONTROL EQUIP. 50 Cr. 5. BATTERY-OPERATED 3 WHEELER 6 Cr.

6. BEER INDUSTRY 41 Cr.

7. BED SHEET, BED COVER,

SOFA CLOTH, 27 Cr.

8. BIOFERTILIZER 2 Cr.

9. BUTYL RUBBER 7 Cr.

10. BOTTLING PLANT 41 Cr.

11. BIOCIDES FOR DISTILLER 20 Cr. 12. BENIFICATION PLANT

-MANGANESE ORE 18 Cr.

13. CHICKEN FARMING (HATCHERY) 22 Cr. 14. CORRUGATED SHEET BOARD

& BOXES 5 Cr.

15. COMPUTER SOFTWARE

DEVELOPMENT 3 Cr.

16. CONSTRUCTION CHEMICALS 5 Cr. 17. CHICKEN PROCESSING 28 Cr. 18. CHROME BENEFICIATION PLANT 114 Cr.

19. CASEIN FROM MILK 63 Cr.

20. DEHYDRATION OF ONION

& GARLIC 6 Cr.

21. DEHYDRATION OF FRUITS & VEG. BY IQF TECHNOLOGY 5 Cr. 22. DISPOSABLE PLASTIC SYRINGES 14 Cr. 23. E.R.W. STEEL PIPES & TUBES 27 Cr.

24. FERRIC ALUM 9 Cr.

25. GUARGUM POWDER FROM

GUAR SPLIT 8 Cr.

26. HOSPITAL (100 BEDS) 68 Cr.

27. IRON ORE MINING 302 Cr.

28. INTEGRATED UNIT OF DAIRY, FARMING MILK COLLECTION 9 Cr. 29. I M F L (WINE, BRANDY, WHISKY 41 Cr. 30. KATHA & KUTCH 5 Cr.

31. KRAFT PAPER 23 Cr.

32. KRAFT PAPER FROM BAGASSE 15 Cr.

33. MULTIPRODUCTS 1795 Cr.

34. MULTIPURPOSE COLD STORAGE 14 Cr.

35. MEGA FOOD PARK 16 Cr.

36. M.S. PIPE (WELDED) 20 Cr. 37. MEDICAL COLLEGE, HOSPITAL 17 Cr. 38. MILD STEEL SECTION MILL

(ANGLES,CHANNELS, ROUND,

SQUARES, ETC.) 17 Cr.

39. MONOCHLORO ACETIC ACID 23 Cr. 40. MONOCHLORO ACETIC ACID

FROM ETHANOL AND CHLORINE 18 Cr. 41. MINERAL WATER CUM PET

BOTTLE MANUFACTURING UNIT 10 Cr. 42. PORTLAND CEMENT PLANT 178 Cr. 43. POWER PLANT FROM BIO GAS 12 Cr. 44. PRODUCTION OF BIO-OIL 3 Cr. 45. PVC PIPE AND FITTING 3 Cr.

46. PAPER PLANT 140 Cr.

47. POWER PLANT (GAS BASED) 17Cr. 48. RESIDENTIAL COMPLEX 520 Cr. 49. ROLLING MILL BY TMT TECH. 16 Cr. 50. ROLLING MILL WITH

INDUCTION FURNACE 79 Cr.

51. SUGAR PLANT 90 Cr.

52. SPONGE IRON FROM IRON ORE 148 Cr. 53. SOLAR POWER (ENERGY) PLANT 105 Cr. 54. STEEL PLANT BASED ON

INDUCTION FURNACE 39 Cr.

55. STEEL PLANT (BILLETS) BASED ON INDUCTION FURNACE 232 Cr. 56. STEEL TRANSMISSION LINE

TOWER & HOT ROLLING MILL 60 Cr. 57. SODIUM TRIPOLY PHOSPHATE 71 Cr. 58. TYRES, TUBES & FLAP 94 Cr. 59. TUBULAR STEEL

SWEDGE TYPE POLE 12 Cr.

60. TMT STEEL BARS 4 Cr.

61. UREA FERTILIZER PLANT 2505 Cr. 62. VODKA FROM POTATOES 26 Cr. 63. WOMEN POLYTECHNIC COLLEGE 24 Cr.

MULTI CRORES

PROFITABLE

PROJECTS

From 2 Cr. to 2500 Cr. above projects Price of this CD Rs. :

71,159/-start your own industry

(9)

LATEX FROM RUBBER

(SPONGE RUBBER)

Latex is Not flexible polyurethane foam. In its natural form, latex is a milky white liquid tapped from the trunks of rubber trees (hevea brasiliensis) and then combined with water to create a thick suspension. In manufacturing natural latex foam rubber, the latex suspension is whipped to a froth and poured into carousel molds, onto a conveyor, or into sheets (for sponge rubber carpet cushion), sometimes additionally frothed using CO2 gas, chilled to below freezing, and then heated to the point of vulcanization (about 2400 F). During vulcanization, molecular crosslinks are formed giving the resulting foam rubber the ability to recover its shape a f t e r c o m p r e s s i o n . Tr a d i t i o n a l l y, vulcanization is effected by heating the frothed latex suspension while exposing it to elemental sulfur, one or more organic accelerators, a metal oxide (ZnO) and an organic acid (stearic acid). There are many different processing formulations to accommodate different rubber and synthetic rubber blends and there are two different mechanical processing technologies used today. The Dunlop method and the Talalay mechanical process account for all latex foam rubber used in home furnishings products.

Plant Capacity 1 Tons/Day

Land & Building Rs. 4.26 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 64 Lacs W.C. for 3 Months Rs. 1.52 Cr Total Capital Investment Rs. 6.29 Cr.

Rate of Return 22%

Break Even Point 54%

(Area 2 Acre) COST ESTIMATION

FRUITS & VEGETABLES

POWDER UNIT (E.O.U.)

Food Processing Industry in India is one of the largest in terms of production and consumption. It has good growth prospects due to reasons which I shall highlight later in this article. But first let us understand the structure and valuation of this industry. In the entire Manufacturing Segment, Food Processing constitutes about 9% of the manufacturing output. The Food Processing Industry in India was estimated at Rs. 350,000 crores in 2009. It is expected to grow at a rate of 14% yoy and is expected to reach to about Rs. 520,000 crores by 2012. It further poses an investment opportunity worth around Rs. 120,000 crores by 2015. The Indian Food Processing Industry has mainly eight distinct segments namely, Packaged Foods, Dairy, Meat and Poultry, Sea Food/Marine Food Products, Fruits and Vegetables, Alcoholic Beverages, Grain Processing and Non-alcoholic Beverages. Out of these Dairy products have the greatest market penetration of about 37% whereas the Packaged Food has penetration of only 3%.

Plant Capacity 500 Kgs/Day

Land & Building Rs. 1.56 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 1.65 W.C. for 3 Months Rs. 72 Lacs Total Capital Investment Rs. 4.23 Cr.

Rate of Return 25%

Break Even Point 61%

(4500 s.mt.) COST ESTIMATION

ALUMINIUM FOIL

Aluminium foils emerges from the rolling mill with a natural shiny finish, almost as bright as a mirror, they also can be produced with an as rolled, satin-like finish called matte. Additionally, foil has all of the unique functional characteristics of the aluminium alloy from which it is made, since it is the solid metal. Foils of aluminium are rolled from several different alloys. Because all of the alloys commonly made into foil contain more than 90% aluminium and retain most of its properties, all are correctly called aluminium foil. Aluminium is the most abundantly occurring metallic element being even more plentiful than iron. However, it never occurs free, but is always found in the combined state, it was first isolated in 1925 by Oersted and was comparatively rare till 1986 when the electrolytic process for its preparation was discovered simultaneously by hall in American, and by Heroult in france. Since then it has rapidly attained the position of a major industrial metal.

Plant Capacity 12 MT/day

Land & Building Rs. 5.20 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 1.42 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 16.45 Cr.

Rate of Return 63%

Break Even Point 31%

(Area 5000 s.mt.) COST ESTIMATION

The book

covers Soap, Fatty Acids and Synthetic Detergents, Detergent Components, Surfactants, Builders, Raw Materials, Analysis and Testing, Manufacture of Acid Slurry, Manufacture of Soap, Technology of Surfactants, Manufacture of Synthetic Detergents, Detergent Soap and Additives.

Modern Technology of Modern Technology of Acid Slurry, Surfactants, Soap and Detergents with Formulae

Pages : 290

MODERN TECHNOLOGY OF

ACID SLURRY, SURFACTANTS,

SOAP AND DETERGENTS

WITH FORMULAE

ISBN No. 978-93-80772-03-5

Rs.

900/-CNSL BASED RESIN IN

POWDER AND LIQUID FORM

The resins which are available in powder and liquid form are known as Epoxy Resins and CNSL have also worked on the same type of resins. Although the resins in powder and liquid form are not new products but in order to make them little modified and made their own patented product. But so far as the conventional resins is concerned, the epoxy resin can also be prepared on small scale. The resins of this nature are prepared from the raw materials bisphenol and epi-chlorohydrin. The bisphenol is a v a i l a b l e i n d i g e n e o u s l y w h e r e a s e p i -chlorohydrin has to be imported. In order to save foreign exchange, CNSL traced out a cheapest way of making resin. The propylene is chlorinated in the plant itself and this chlorinated propylene is used for making resins in combination with bisphenol. In the field of resins of epoxy type, there are two broad classes : Solid resins, which are modified with other resins and unsaturated fatty acids to make coating materials; and Liquid resins which are combined with curing agents such as diamine, dibasic anhydrides, polyamides and polysulphides for adhesives.

Plant Capacity 4 MT/Day

Land & Building Rs. 98 Lacs Plant & Machinery Rs. 37 Lacs Total Capital Investment Rs. 4.75 Cr.

Rate of Return 21%

Break Even Point 54%

(1000 s.mt.) COST ESTIMATION

TRIETHYLENE GLYCOL

Triethylene glycol is a transparent, colorless, l o w - v o l a t i l i t y, m o d e r a t e - v i s c o s i t y, watersoluble liquid. Under normal conditions, there is no detectable odor; under high vapor concentrations, a slightly sweet odor may be detected. It is completely miscible with water and many organic liquids. Triethylene glycol has properties similar to other glycols and may be used preferentially in applications requiring a higher boiling point, higher molecular weight, or lower volatility than diethylene glycol. The hydroxyl groups on triethylene glycol undergo the usual alcohol chemistry giving a wide variety of possible derivatives. Hydroxyls can be converted to aldehydes, alkyl halides, amines, azides, carboxylic acids, ethers, mercaptans, nitrate esters, nitriles, nitrite esters, organic esters, peroxides, phosphate esters and sulfate esters.

Plant Capacity 40 ton/day

Land & Building 50 lacs

Plant & Machinery 5 Lacs

W.C. for 3 Months 10 Lacs

Total Capital Investment 68 Lacs

Rate of Return 65%

Break Even Point 24%

(Area 10000 s.mt.) COST ESTIMATION in US$

Patrons you can deposit the amount in EIRI Account

CA-054010200006248

(IFS Code: UTIB0000054)

AXIS BANK LTD

choose & start your own industry

(10)

www.eiriindia.org

B.O.P.P. Film

A chain is created from that first link to which others become attached and its final length depends upon t h e n u m b e r i t c o n t a i n s . S i m i l a r l y w i t h polypropylene, there was the creation of that first vital link, namely its discovery, after which other links in the form of formulations and end-use applications created this most versatile of polymers. Polypropylene is one of the world’s major thermoplastics serving a wider range of applications than virtually any other polymer. This leads to the question, why? What makes this polymer so versatile and exactly where is it used. To answer these questions in any depth could readily fill several volumes, but time and space permit only the most superficial answers to the questions. The intention is therefore to mentioned the origins of polypropylene, consider its basic properties and highlight certain characteristics and developments which extend its usefulness into so many different applicational sectors.

Plant Capacity 15 Ton/Day

Land & Building Rs. 5.41 Cr. Plant & Machinery Rs. 21.51 Cr. W.C. for 1 Months Rs. 4.57 Cr. Total Capital Investment Rs. 33.43 Cr.

Rate of Return 25%

Break Even Point 60%

(Area 5000 s.mt.) COST ESTIMATION

NATURAL MEDICINE &

RESEARCH INSTITUTE WITH

150 BEDS HOSPITAL

Most doctors who have integrated the use of homeopathy into their practices still have occasion to be thankful for the ability to fall back on conventional medicine when their homeopathic skills are not able to assist their patients in the shortest, surest, most gentle way that is available to them and their patients as a result of their multi-facetted t r a i n i n g , i n c l u d i n g s u r g e r y a n d pharmaceuticals. However, such doctors are also critically aware that pharmaceuticals are not given for their effects, only for their least dangerous side-effects, which often are of use to the patient. In other words, pharmaceuticals do not have effects and side-effects, only side-effects.

Plant Capacity US$ 14 Lacs

Land & Building US$ 5 Lacs Plant & Machinery US$ 2 Lacs Total Capital Investment US$ 21 Lacs

Rate of Return 17%

Break Even Point 68%

(Area 10 Acre) COST ESTIMATION

The book covers Extracts of Aloe for Oral Administration, Herbal Formulation, Nasal Spray, irritating Antiperspirant, Non-Toxic Mucosal Disinfectant, Aloe vera Opthalmic Solution, Aloe Pectins and its P h a r m a c e u t i c a l C o m p o s i t i o n , S c a r Reducing and Massage Emollients, Skin Therapeutic Mixture, Topical Analgesic Formulation, Topical Composition for Relief of Pain and Minor Skin Irritations, Tr a n s d e r m a l F o r m u l a t i o n , H e r b a l Formulation Useful for Treatment of Skin Disorders, Neutraceutical Treatments for Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Wound healing, Therapeutic Composition for Treatment of Arthritis and other Afflictions, Therapeutic Cream, Wound Healing, Clear Juice from the Leaves of the Aloe vera Plant, Drink Containing Mucitaginous Polysacchardes

ISBN – 978-93-8077-205-9

Rs.

2500/-ALOE VERA CULTIVATION,

PROCESSINGS,

FORMULATIONS

AND MANUFACTURING

TECHNOLOGY

01. AGROFERTILIZER FROM LEAVES 1.89 Cr. 02. AQUACULTURE PRAWN FARMING 10.76 Cr. 03. BIOFERTILIZER 1.77 Cr.

04. BAKER’S YEAST 37 Lacs

05. BIOFERTILISERS (ORGANIC

FERTILISER) FROM GARBAGE 2.11 Cr. 06. BIOFERTILISERS

(ORGANIC FERTILISER) 6.19 Cr. 07. BIOTILISERS FROM COWDUNG

AND OTHER WASTES 58 Lacs

08. BIO GAS PRODUCTION

———-09. BIO TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE 8.40 Cr.

10. BIO-PESTICIDES (MINERAL OIL BASED) FOR KILLING WHITE FLIES,MINI BUGS,ETC 67 Lacs 11. CITRIC ACID FROM MOLASSES 67 Lacs 12. ETHANOL (BIOFUEL) FROM

MOLASSES 14.77 Cr.

13. ETHYL ALCOHOL FROM

MOLASSES (RECTIFIED SPIRIT) 8.32 Cr. 14. EPHEDRINE HYDROCHLORIDE

35 Lacs

15. ETHANOL NZYME USED FOR DENIM CLOTH AND GARMENT

WASHING 28 Lacs

16. FUMARIC ACID 1.92 Cr.

17. FLORICULTURE - CARNATION

WITH GREEN HOUSE 2.50 Cr.

18. FLORICULTURE - GLADIOLUS

WITH GREEN HOUSE 2.10 Cr.

19. GARBAGE WASTE COLLECTION CONTAINER (All Fig. in US$) 39 Lacs

20. HERBAL EXTRACTS 7.58 Cr.

21. HOMEO AND BIO-MEDICINES WITH MOTHER TINCTURES 15.03 Cr.

22. HYBRID SEEDS 8.10 Cr.

23. JATROPHA (BIO DIESEL)

CULTIVATION & EXTRACTION 85 Lacs 24. MUSHROOM GROWING AND

PROCESSING WITH

AIR CONDITION 5.23 Cr.

25. MICRO NUTRIENT 2.71 Cr.

26. MALTO-DEXTRIN FROM 93 Lacs 27. NPK MIXED FERTILIZER

(MOLASSES BASED) 1.44 Cr.

28. OYSTER MUSHROOMS (CULTIVATION & PROCESSING

UNIT) 65 Lacs

29. ORGANIC FARMING 50 Lacs

30. ORGANIC MANURE 49 Lacs

31. PHYTO-TEA MFG. UNIT 87 Lacs 32. PLANT GROWTH

PROMOTER/REGULATOR 29 Lacs (LIQUID BIO-EXTRACT ORGANIC FERTILISER) (LIKE DHANZYME) ---33. PROTEIN & PROTEIN BASED PRO.2.46 Cr. 34. PHYTASE ENZYME TECHNOLOGY

ASSESSMENT FORECASTING AND MARKET SURVEY BY USING BOTH NATURAL STRAIN & GENETICALLY ENGINEERED STRAIN 1.15 Cr. 35. PROTEIN HYDROLYSATE

FROM SOYABEAN/GROUND NUT 1.64 Cr.

36. TISSUE CULTURES 2.60 Cr.

37. VITAMINC 6.06 Cr.

38. YEAST DRY POWDER (MAIZE 89 Lacs

PROJECT COST (In Rs.)

BIOFERTILIZER,

BIOFUEL, ENZYME,

ORGANIC FARMING &

MANURE, PROTEIN AND

ALLIED LUCRATIVE PROJECTS

Rs.20300/- (38 Projects Reports)

38

Price of this CD containing all above 38 Project Reports is - Payable fully in advance through Draft/M.O. in favour of Delivery within 1 day. Rs. 20300/

E N G I N E E R S I N D I A R E S E A R C H INSTITUTE, DELHI.

(To Order please dial : 98114-37895).

Packaged Drinking Water

(Packed in 330 ML Cup

500 ML Pet

Bottle 1500 ML Pet Bottle

and 20 Ltr Jar.

Water & Air is basic need of life which can not be avoidable at any circumstances. Through these two gifts of nature are freely available the quality is far below the level of purity for human consumption of pollution. It is needless to mention that water, a compound of Hydrogen and Oxygen is a recious natural gift which is very essential for survival of mankind including animals. The water used for potable purposes should be free from undesirable impurities. The water available from untreated sources such as Well, Boreholes and Spring is generally not hygienic and safe for drinking. Thus it is desirable and necessary to purify the water and supply under hygienic conditions for human drinking purpose. As the name implies, the mineral water is the purified water fortified with requisite amounts of minerals such as Barium, Iron, Manganese, etc which can be absorbed by human body. It is either obtained from natural resources like spring and drilled wells or it is fortified artificially by blending and treating with mineral salts. The mineral water shall be manufactured and packed under hygienic conditions in properly washed and cleaned bottles in sterilized conditions.

Plant Capacity 2000 ltr/hr

Land & Building 5.18 Cr. Plant & Machinery 74 Lacs Total Capital Investment 6.98 cr.

Rate of Return 40%

Break Even Point 41%

(4500 sq.mt.) COST ESTIMATION

Figure

Updating...

References

Updating...

Related subjects :