What is abnormal psychology? Abnormal psychology is the field devoted to the study disordered behavior. What is a clinical scientist?

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What is abnormal psychology?

What is a clinical scientist?

What is a clinical practitioner?

What are the four "D's" of abnormality?

Abnormal psychology is the field devoted to the study disordered

behavior.

A clinical scientist is psychologist responsible for gathering data

about abnormal behavior.

A clinical practitioner is an applied psychologist who uses collected

data to help the disordered.

The four "D's" are the four most common indicators of abnormal

behavior, deviance, distress, dysfunction, and danger.

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What is deviant behavior?

What is a norm?

What is culture?

What is distress?

Deviant behavior is any behavior that violates a social or cultural

norm.

A norm is an implicit of explicit rule for appropriate behavior which is

established by the group.

Culture includes the history, traditions, rules, values, institutions, habits, skills, technologies and language of a

group.

Distress is the feeling of trauma or anxiety that is associated with the

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What is dysfunction?

What is danger?

Who is Thomas Szasz?

What is eccentricity?

Dysfunction is the interruption of daily activities that is associated

with abnormal behavior.

Danger is the pattern of behavior that is marked by carelessness, poor judgment, or hostility which

can jeopardize one's well being.

Thomas Szasz is a psychologist who suggests that mental illness is a

myth?

Eccentricities are behaviors which a society judges to be odd but

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What is treatment?

What is therapy?

What is a patient?

What is a client?

Treatment is a set of procedures designed to help control of change

abnormal behavior.

Therapy is treatment, including systematic processes for helping a

person overcome psychological difficulties.

The term patient is used by a clinician who believes that abnormal

behaviors are caused by illnesses.

The term client is used by a Clinician who believes that abnormal

behavior is the result of maladaptive thinking.

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What is schizophrenia?

What is trephination?

What is exorcism?

What is a shaman?

Schizophrenia is a group of biological disorders where a person

loses their sense of reality.

Trephination is the act of cutting into a person's skull with a

primitive instrument.

Exorcism is a rite or ceremony designed to drive an evil spirit from

a person's body?

A shaman is a person who has the responsibility of driving an evil

spirit from a person or environment.

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What is melancholia?

What is mania?

What is dementia?

What is hysteria?

Melancholia is the condition marked by unshakable sadness.

Mania is the condition marked by a state of euphoria and frenzied

activity.

Dementia is a state of general cognitive and intellectual decline

Hysteria is the state of physical ailment with no apparent physical

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What is a delusion?

What is a hallucination?

What are humors?

What were the four humors?

A delusion is a belief that blatantly has no basis in reality.

A hallucination is a condition where a person experiences things that

have no basis in reality.

During the Middle Ages, the humors where considered to be

four liquids that existed in the body.

The four humors were yellow bile, black bile, phlegm, and blood.

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What is mass madness?

What was tarantism?

What was lycanthropy?

What was an asylum?

Mass madness is where a large number of people apparently share

the same delusions and hallucinations.

Tarantism was a form of mania where large groups of people would

suddenly start dancing around and have convulsions.

Lycanthropy was an early disorder where people though that they were possessed by wolves or other

animals.

An asylum was an institution where people with metal illnesses were

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Who was Philippe Pinel?

What was moral treatment?

Who was Dorethea Dix?

What is the somatogenic perspective?

Philippe Pinel was a nineteenth century mental health reformer.

Moral treatment refers to the humane and ethical methods of treatment which were espoused by Philippe Pinel and other reformers.

Dorethea Dix was a Boston school teacher who campaigned for improved treatment of patients in mental hospitals in the nineteenth

century.

The somatogenic perspective is the idea that psychological pathology is

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What is the psychogenic perspective?

What is private psychotherapy?

What is a psychiatrist?

What is a clinical psychologist?

The psychogenic perspective is the idea that pathological behavior is

the product of psychological functioning.

Private psychotherapy is the arrangement where a person directly pays a psychologists for

therapy services.

A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who is trained in the chemical structures and balances in the

brain.

A clinical psychologist is a doctor of psychology who practices clinical

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What is hypnotism?

Who was Fredrick Anton Mesmer?

What is psychoanalysis?

Who was Sigmund Freud?

Hypnotism is the inducing of a trance like state in which a person

becomes suggestible.

Fredrick Anton Mesmer was a controversial figure who used a very unorthodox treatment method

to treat patients.

Psychoanalysis was established by Sigmund Freud and suggests that

abnormality is psychogenic and influenced by subconscious and dynamic factors in the mind.

Sigmund Freud was the founder of psychoanalysis and the

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What is outpatient therapy?

What are psychotropic medications?

What is deinstitutionalization?

What is the community mental health approach?

Outpatient therapy is the psychoanalytic treatment system

where a patient meets with the therapist for a short time and then

goes home.

Psychotropic medications tend to alleviate symptoms of abnormality by affecting chemistry in the brain.

Deinstitutionalization is the movement of releasing many individuals from public mental health hospitals due to the relief they receive from drug therapies.

Community mental health focuses more on prevention and wellness

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Who was Hippocrates?

What was phrenology?

Hippocrates is often called the father of modern medicine and was

an early proponent of discovering physical causes of mental

disorders.

Phrenology, established by Franz Joseph Gall, was the pseudo science

that suggested bumps on the skull were related to specific

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