Wireless Sensors and Control Networks: Enabling New Opportunities with ZigBee

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

Wireless Control That Simply Works

Wireless Control That Simply Works

Wireless Sensors and Control Networks:

Enabling New Opportunities

with ZigBee

Bob Heile

Chairman, ZigBee Alliance

October 12, 2006

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

The IEEE 802 Wireless Space

Data Rate (Mbps)

Range

ZigBee

802.15.4

15.4c

802.15.3

802.15.3c

WPAN

WLAN

WMAN

WWAN

WiFi

802.11

0.01

0.1

1

10

100

1000

Bluetooth

802.15.1

IEEE 802.22

WiMax

IEEE 802.16

IEEE 802.20

ZigBee standard uniquely fills a gap

for low data rate applications

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

• Networks that can form by themselves, scale to

large sizes and operate very reliably for years

without any operator intervention

• Very long battery life (years off of a AA cell), very

low infrastructure cost (low device & setup costs)

and very low complexity and small size

• Device data rate and QoS needs are low

• Standardized protocols are necessary to allow

multiple vendors to interoperate

Sensor/Control Network

Requirements

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

ZigBee Alliance

Overview-• Organized as an independent, neutral, nonprofit

corporation in 2002

• Open and global

• Anyone can join and participate

• Membership is from all over the world

• Activity includes

• Specification creation

• Certification and compliance programs

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

The ZigBee Alliance

--• Is a growing community of companies

• ~200 members vs. 35 Dec. 2002 (5+X Growth)

• Includes major names in the Semiconductor, Software

Developer, End Product Manufacturer, and Service

Provider Industries including major Telecom Carriers

• Has made its specification publicly available

• ZigBee is open to all

• 32,000+ downloads to date

• Has announced its 19

th

compliant platform

• ZigBee is all about multi-source with no dominating

elements or companies

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TELECOM

SERVICES

m-commerce

info services

object interaction

(Internet of Things)

ZigBee Applications

ZigBee

Wireless Control that

Simply Works

HOME

CONTROL

CONSUMER

ELECTRONICS

TV

VCR

DVD/CD

remote

security

HVAC

lighting control

access control

irrigation

PC &

PERIPHERALS

INDUSTRIAL

CONTROL

asset mgt

process

control

environmental

energy mgt

PERSONAL

HEALTH CARE

BUILDING

AUTOMATION

security

HVAC

AMR

lighting control

access control

mouse

keyboard

joystick

patient

monitoring

fitness

monitoring

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

The ZigBee

Platform

IEEE 802.15.4

Application Profile

ZigBee Stack

Compliant

Platform

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

The ZigBee

Product

IEEE 802.15.4

Application Profile

ZigBee Stack

Certified

Product

Compliant

Platform

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

• 65,536 network (client) nodes

• 27 channels over 2 bands

• 250Kbps data rate

• Optimized for timing-critical

applications and power

management

• Full Mesh Networking Support

Network coordinator

Full Function node

Reduced Function node

Communications flow

Virtual links

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

ZigBee – Highly Reliable

• Mesh networking protocol provides redundant paths

• Automatic retries and acknowledgements

• Parents keep track of messages for sleeping children

• High intrinsic interference tolerance

– Multiple channels

– Supports Frequency agility

– Robust modulation

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

ZigBee – Highly Secure

• Utilizes AES 128-bit encryption

• Concept of a “trust center”

• Link and network keys

• Authentication and encryption

• Security can be customized for the

application

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

Home Awareness

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

In-Home Patient Monitoring

• Patients receive better care at reduced

cost with more freedom and

comfort---– Patients can remain in their own home

• Monitors vital statistics and sends via internet

• Doctors can adjust medication levels

– Allows monitoring of elderly family member

• Sense movement or usage patterns in a home

• Turns lights on when they get out of bed

• Notify via mobile phone when anomalies occur

• Wireless panic buttons for falls or other problems

– Can also be used in hospital care

• Patients are allowed greater movement

• Reduced staff to patient ratio

graphic

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

Lighting Control

• Wireless lighting control

– Dimmable ballasts

– Light switches anywhere

– Customizable lighting schemes

– Energy management

– Dali [or other] interface to BMS

• Extendable networks

– Additional sensors

– Other networks

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

HVAC Energy Management

• Hotel energy management

– Centralized HVAC

management allow hotel

operator to make sure

empty rooms are not cooled

– Easy to Retrofit

– Battery operated

thermostats, occupancy

detectors, humidistats can

be placed for convenience

– Personalized room settings

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

Building Control

Studies show that wiring alone can account for 20% to

80% of the cost for a control point in HVAC or

lighting networks.

What if you could reduce that cost to nearly zero

in many cases?

And what if you could achieve superior building

performance at the same time?

TAC has made the promise of wireless a reality for

building owners. Our broad line of wireless

enabled controllers allows building owners and

facility managers to improve building control

while dramatically reducing costs.

The TAC wireless solution is based on the Andover

Continuum family of controllers, proven in more

than 40,000 buildings around the world. Fully

open and standards-based, TAC’s wireless

solution can be deployed easily, wherever needed,

alongside existing networks and systems. What’s

more, TAC provides a powerful and graphical

management tool so you can see and manage the

entire wireless network based on real-time

information. It’s the kind of highly reliable and

cost-effective building control solution thousands

of customers worldwide have come to expect

from TAC.

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

Mobile Handset as ZigBee Gateway

• Use mobile handset as a gateway to collect and display

information

• In a mobile phone

a

ZigBee

enabled SIM

, the personal token,

can play the

Gateway

role

Service

Center

NETWORK

OPERATOR

INFRASTRUCTURE

1.

Confirmation for buying “Il fuggiasco”. Push Ok.

ZigBee Network

The Telecom operator does more than transport data:

¾

Trust-Center

: security, user authentication, reliability

¾

Service Provider of new value-added services

¾

Service management, configuration and

personalization

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

Z-SIM: m-commerce and beyond

Service

Center

Distribution

Network

Digital Smart City

¾

Access Control

¾

Parking payment system

¾

Infomobility services (e.g. traffic

control)

¾

Environmental Monitoring

¾

Localization

M-Commerce Services

¾

m-payments (bar, shops,

supermarkets)

¾

m-ticketing (cinema, train, bus)

Home

Automation&Control

¾

Lights, HVAC, Domestic

appliances

¾

Entertainment (e.g. DTT)

¾

Healthcare, Tele-assistance

¾

Monitoring & Security (e.g.

temperature, gas)

Mobile

Terminal

Z

Z

-

-

SIM is the

SIM is the

hub of the interaction between user and objects

hub of the interaction between user and objects

ZigBee

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

ZigBee Enables Enhanced Value

Safety

Security

Location

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

Why ZigBee?

• Standards based

• Low cost

• Can be used globally

• Reliable and self healing

• Supports large number of nodes

• Easy to deploy

• Very long battery life

• Secure

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

Where to Find Us

• Embedded Systems Solutions 2006

October 11-12, – Birmingham, UK

• Instrumentation Systems & Automation Society Expo

(ISA) October 17-19, Houston, TX, USA

• Electronica-Wireless Congress 2006: Systems and

Applications, November 15-16, Munich, Germany

• Electronic House Expo, November 15-17 Long

Beach, CA

• International CES, January 8-11, 2007, Las Vegas,

NV, USA

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Wireless Control That Simply Works

“Just as the personal computer was a symbol of the '80s, and the

symbol of the '90s is the World Wide Web, the next nonlinear

shift, is going to be the advent of cheap sensors.”

-Paul Saffo, Institute for the Future

Parting Thought

Be a part of the future - Join the ZigBee Alliance

ZigBee Alliance Web Site

http://www.ZigBee.org

IEEE 802.15 Web Site

http://www.ieee802.org/15

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