2014 Mid-Year Population Estimates: Total population of Kent authorities

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Business Intelligence Statistical Bulletin

July 2015

Business Intelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council www.kent.gov.uk/research

2014 Mid-Year Population Estimates:

Total population of Kent authorities

Related information

This bulletin presents the 2014 Mid-Year

Population Estimates (Census based) as

published by the Office for National Statistics

on 25 June 2015. Annual population change

between 2013 and 2014 is also presented

. Note: The 2013 Mid-year population estimates are the revised figures released 25 June 2015 which correct errors in the distribution of armed forces across some local authorities

Summary of findings

 Kent remains the largest non-metropolitan local

authority area in England with a resident population of 1,510,400 people in mid-2014. This figure excludes the Medway Council area.

 There are 4.3 people per hectare in Kent, making Kent less densely populated than the regional average (4.7) but slightly higher than the national average (4.2).

 Maidstone has the largest population of all Kent districts with a population of 161,800 in mid-2014 whilst Dartford has the smallest population with 102,200 people.

 Dartford is Kent’s most densely populated district with 14.0 people per hectare and Ashford is the least densely populated district (2.1persons per hectare).

 Kent’s population grew by +16,800 people (+1.1%) between 2013 and 2014. This rate of growth is higher than both the national (+0.8%) and regional (+0.9%) growth rate.

 Maidstone saw the largest population increase in real terms, increasing by an additional 2,500 people (+1.6%) between 2013 and 2014.

The Population and Census

web page contains more information which you may find useful.

Population change presents a time-series of population estimates and an analysis of population growth

Population forecasts presents the latest thinking about future population levels 2011 Census provides information of the characteristics of the population

NOTE: within this bulletin

’Kent’ refers to the Kent County Council (KCC) area which excludes Medway

Contact details

Business Intelligence: Research & Evaluation

Kent County Council Invicta House Maidstone Kent ME14 1XQ Email: research@kent.gov.uk Tel: 03000 417444

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Summary of findings continued

 Dartford saw the largest population increase in percentage terms, increasing by an additional +1.7% (+1,700) people between 2013 and 2014.

 All of the Government Regions experienced an increase in population between 2013 and 2014. London experienced the largest growth both in real and percentage terms (+122,100 people equivalent to +1.5%). South East saw the second largest real increase (+81,100 people, equivalent to +0.9% increase).

 Of the counties in the South East region, Kent experienced the largest real and percentage increase in population between 2013 and 2014 (+16,800 people, equivalent to +1.1%).

This bulletin presents the national population estimate with the population of each of the former Government office regions in England. It then focuses specifically on the South East region and compares Kent’s population alongside other counties within the South East region. It ends by looking at the total population of each of the Kent local authority districts

Only total population estimates are presented here but further details from the 2014 estimates are available on the Kent County Council website in the bulletins and excel toolkits listed below:

 ‘2014 Mid-Year Population Estimates: Age and gender profile’ presents the age and gender profile of each local authority district in Kent in the form of tables and population pyramids.

 ‘Time-series of Mid-year population estimates 1995-2014’ presents total population between 1995 and 2014.

 ‘What’s causing Kent’s population growth?’ examines the reasons behind the changes in population.

 ‘Interactive population estimates Excel toolkit’ allows access to population estimates for any chosen age group for all 12 Kent local authority districts and Kent County as a whole between 1992 and 2014.

Note on the data

It is ONS policy to present all estimates rounded to the nearest hundred. Within this bulletin all numbers have been individually rounded and therefore may not sum. Percentages have been calculated using unrounded numbers.

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The data in this bulletin will be updated in summer 2016 when the 2015 mid-year population estimates will be released

Geographical reference map

Total population of England and each of the former Government Office Regions

The 2014 mid-year population estimate for England is 54,316,600. This is +450,800 people (+0.8%) higher than the 2013 mid-year population estimate.

The South East region has the largest population with 8,873,800 people. The region with the smallest population is the North East with 2,618,700 people. The London region saw the largest real and percentage increase in population between 2013 and 2014, growing by +122,100 people (+1.5%). This increase brought the population of London to over 8.5 million.

The South East region has shown the second largest population growth in real and percentage terms, increasing by an additional +81,100 people (+0.9%) between 2013 and 2014.

London is the most densely populated region with 54.3 people per hectare and the South West region the least densely populated with 2.3 people per

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hectare. Within the South East region there are 4.7 people per hectare. Population change between 2013 and 2014 for England and each of the former Government Office regions is presented in Table 1 and Chart 1.

Table 1: 2013 to 2014 Mid-year population change: Former Government Office Regions & England

Chart 1: 2013 to 2014 Mid-year population change: Former Government Office Regions & England

2013 to 2014 Mid-year population change: Former Government Office Regions & England 2013-2014 change

2013

MYPE* 2014 MYPE Number %

Area (Hectare)

2014 MYPE density (people per Ha)

England 53,865,800 54,316,600 450,800 0.8% 13,027,843 4.2 East 5,954,300 6,018,400 64,100 1.1% 1,910,838 3.1 East Midlands 4,598,400 4,637,400 39,000 0.8% 1,560,642 3.0 London 8,416,500 8,538,700 122,100 1.5% 157,215 54.3 North East 2,610,500 2,618,700 8,200 0.3% 857,317 3.1 North West 7,103,300 7,133,000 29,700 0.4% 1,410,535 5.1 South East 8,792,800 8,873,800 81,100 0.9% 1,906,965 4.7 South West 5,377,600 5,423,300 45,700 0.8% 2,383,736 2.3 West Midlands 5,674,700 5,713,300 38,600 0.7% 1,299,832 4.4 Yorkshire & The Humber 5,337,700 5,360,000 22,300 0.4% 1,540,764 3.5

Source: 2014 Mid Year Population Estimates published 25 June 2015 Office for National Statistics © Crow n Copyright *Revised 2013 Mid Year Population Estimates published 25 June 2015 Office for National Statistics © Crow n Copyright Presented by Business Intelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council

All figures are separately rounded to the nearest hundred and therefore may not sum. Percentages and densities are calculated using unrounded numbers

0.3% 0.4% 0.4% 0.7% 0.8% 0.8% 0.8% 0.9% 1.0% 1.5% 0.0% 0.2% 0.4% 0.6% 0.8% 1.0% 1.2% 1.4% 1.6% North East Yorkshire and the

Humber North West West Midlands England East Midlands South West South East East London % Change

2013 to 2014 Mid-year population change: England & Former Government Office Regions

Source: Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright)

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Total population of counties (excluding Unitary Authorities) in the South East Region

The 2014 mid-year population estimates show that Kent is the most populous county council area in the South East region with a population of 1,510,400 people. This population also means that the Kent remains the largest non-metropolitan local authority area in England.

Hampshire is the second largest county in the South East with a population of 1,346,100. Buckinghamshire is the smallest county in the South East region with a population of 521,900.

Of the counties in the South East region, Kent experienced the largest increase in population in both real and percentage terms between 2013 and 2014 growing by +16,800 people (+1.1%). Buckinghamshire also

experienced a percentage increase of +1.1% in population although the total increase was less than Kent with an increase of +5,800 people.

Surrey is the most densely populated county in the South East region with 7.0 people per hectare, which is considerably higher than the average density for the South East region (4.7 people per hectare). Kent is the second most densely populated county with 4.3 people per hectare. Oxfordshire is the least densely populated county in the South East with 2.6 people per hectare. Population change between 2013 and 2014 for each of the counties in the South East region is presented in Table 2 and Chart 2.

Table 2: 2013 to 2014 Mid-year population change: South East Counties

2013 to 2014 Mid-year population change: South East Counties 2013-2014 change 2013 MYPE* 2014 MYPE Number % Area (Hectare) 2014 MYPE density (people per Ha)

South East region 8,792,800 8,873,800 81,100 0.9% 1,906,965 4.7

Buckinghamshire 516,100 521,900 5,800 1.1% 156,495 3.3 East Sussex 534,400 539,800 5,400 1.0% 170,855 3.2 Hampshire 1,337,700 1,346,100 8,400 0.6% 367,895 3.7 Kent 1,493,500 1,510,400 16,800 1.1% 354,353 4.3 Oxfordshire 666,200 672,500 6,300 0.9% 260,492 2.6 Surrey 1,152,100 1,161,300 9,100 0.8% 166,250 7.0 West Sussex 821,400 828,400 7,000 0.9% 199,049 4.2

Source: 2014 Mid Year Population Estimates published 25 June 2015 Office for National Statistics © Crow n Copyright *Revised 2013 Mid Year Population Estimates published 25 June 2015 Office for National Statistics © Crow n Copyright Presented by Business Intelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council

All figures are separately rounded to the nearest hundred and therefore may not sum. Percentages and densities are calculated using unrounded numbers

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Chart 2: 2013 to 2014 Mid-year population change: South East counties

Total population of unitary authorities in the South East Region

Brighton and Hove is the largest unitary authority in the South East region with a population of 281,100 people according to the 2014 mid-year

population estimates. Medway is the second largest unitary authority with a population of 274,000. Bracknell Forest has the smallest population with 118,000 people.

Portsmouth is the most densely populated unitary authority in the South East region with 51.7 people per hectare, which is considerably higher than the average density for the South East region (4.7 people per hectare). West Berkshire is the least densely populated unitary authority with 2.2 people per hectare. Within Medway there are 14.3 people per hectare.

Of the unitary authorities in the South East region, Milton Keynes experienced the largest increase in population in both real and percentage terms between 2013 and 2014 growing by +3,500 people.(+1.4%) Medway experienced the fourth largest increase in real terms growing by +2,900 people (1.1%). Population change between the 2013 and 2014 for each of the unitary authorities in the South East region is presented in Table 3 and Chart 3.

0.6% 0.8% 0.9% 0.9% 1.2% 1.0% 1.1% 1.1% 0.0% 0.5% 1.0% 1.5% Hampshire Surrey West Sussex South East region

Oxfordshire East Sussex Buckinghamshire Kent

% Change

2013 to 2014 Mid-year population change: South East Counties (excluding Unitary Authorities)

Source: Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright)

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Table 3: 2012 to 2013 Mid-year population change: South East Unitary Authorities

Chart 3: 2012 to 2013 Mid-year population change: South East Unitary Authorities

2013 to 2014 Mid-year population change: South East Unitary Authorities 2013-2014 change

Number %

South East region 8,792,800 8,873,800 81,100 0.9% 1,906,965 4.7

Bracknell Forest 116,600 118,000 1,500 1.3% 10,939 10.8

Brighton and Hove 278,100 281,100 3,000 1.1% 8,267 34.0

Isle of Wight 138,400 139,100 700 0.5% 38,016 3.7 Medway 271,100 274,000 2,900 1.1% 19,203 14.3 Milton Keynes 255,700 259,200 3,500 1.4% 30,863 8.4 Portsmouth 207,500 209,100 1,600 0.8% 4,041 51.7 Reading 159,200 160,800 1,600 1.0% 4,040 39.8 Slough 143,000 144,600 1,600 1.1% 3,254 44.4 Southampton 242,100 245,300 3,100 1.3% 4,989 49.2 West Berkshire 155,400 155,700 300 0.2% 70,417 2.2

Windsor and Maidenhead 146,300 147,400 1,100 0.7% 19,651 7.5

Wokingham 157,900 159,100 1,200 0.8% 17,898 8.9

Source: 2014 Mid Year Population Estimates published 25 June 2015 Office for National Statistics © Crow n Copyright *Revised 2013 Mid Year Population Estimates published 25 June 2015 Office for National Statistics © Crow n Copyright Presented by Business Intelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council

All figures are separately rounded to the nearest hundred and therefore may not sum. Percentages and densities are calculated using unrounded numbers

2013 MYPE* 2014 MYPE Area (Hectare) 2014 MYPE density (people per Ha)

0.2% 0.5% 0.7% 0.8% 0.8% 0.9% 1.0% 1.1% 1.1% 1.1% 1.3% 1.3% 1.4% 0.0% 0.3% 0.6% 0.9% 1.2% 1.5% West Berkshire Isle of Wight Windsor and… Wokingham Portsmouth South East region Reading Brighton and Hove Medway Slough Bracknell Forest Southampton Milton Keynes % Change

Chart 3: 2013 to 2014 Mid-year population change: South East Unitary Authorities

Source: Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright)

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Total population of the Kent County Council Area and local authority districts within Kent

The total population of the KCC area is 1,510,400 people according to the 2014 mid-year population estimates.

Maidstone has the largest population with 161,800 people, which is equivalent to 10.7% of Kent’s total population.

Dartford Borough has the smallest population in Kent with 102,200 people, which is equivalent to 6.8% of Kent’s total population.

The total population of each of the Kent local authority districts according to the 2014 mid-year population estimates and the proportion each contributes to the population of Kent as a whole is presented in Chart 4.

Chart 4: 2014 Mid-year population estimate and percentage contribution to the Kent total

Dartford is Kent’s most densely population local authority district with 14.0 people per hectare. Ashford is the least densely populated with 2.1 people per hectare.

The population density of Kent local authority districts is presented in Chart 5

102,200 (6.7%) 105,300 (6.9%) 109,500 (7.3%) 113,100 (7.5%) 116,100 (7.7%) 117,800 (7.8%) 123,300 (8.2%) 124,400 (8.2%) 138,400 (9.2%) 140,800 (9.3%) 157,600 (10.4%) 161,800 (10.7%) 0 25,000 50,000 75,000 100,000 125,000 150,000 175,000 Dartford Gravesham Shepway Dover Tunbridge Wells Sevenoaks Ashford Tonbridge & Malling Thanet Swale Canterbury Maidstone Total population

2014 Mid-year total population of Kent local authority districts and percentage contribution to the county total

Source: Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright)

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Chart 5: Population density of KCC area and Kent local authorities (persons per hectare) Based on 2014 Mid-year population estimates

The population of the KCC area grew by +1.1% between 2013 and 2014 which was a higher rate of growth than the national average and South East average.

Of the local authority districts in the KCC area, Maidstone has seen the largest increase in population in real terms. Between 2013 and 2014

Maidstone’s population increased by +2,500 people, which is equivalent to a +1.6% increase.

Dartford saw the largest population increase in percentage terms, increasing by an additional +1.7% (+1,700) people between 2013 and 2014.

The population change between the 2013 and 2014 mid-year population estimate for Kent as a whole and each of the local authority areas within Kent is presented in Table 4 and Chart 6.

2.1 3.1 3.2 3.5 3.6 3.8 4.1 4.3 5.1 5.2 10.6 13.4 14.0 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 Ashford Shepway Sevenoaks Tunbridge Wells Dover Swale Maidstone Kent Canterbury Tonbridge & Malling Gravesham Thanet Dartford

% Change

Population density of Kent and Kent local authorities (persons per hectare) Based on 2014 Mid-year population estimates

Source: Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright)

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Table 4: 2013 to 2014 Mid-year population change: Kent and local authority districts

Chart 6: 2013 to 2014 Mid-year population change: Kent and local authority districts

2013 to 2014 Mid-year population change: KCC Area and districts 2013-2014 change

2013 MYPE* 2014 MYPE Number %

Area (Hectare)

2014 MYPE density (people per Ha)

Kent (KCC area) 1,493,500 1,510,400 16,800 1.1% 354,353 4.3 Ashford 121,700 123,300 1,600 1.3% 58,062 2.1 Canterbury 155,300 157,600 2,300 1.5% 30,885 5.1 Dartford 100,600 102,200 1,700 1.7% 7,277 14.0 Dover 112,300 113,100 700 0.6% 31,485 3.6 Gravesham 103,800 105,300 1,500 1.5% 9,902 10.6 Maidstone 159,300 161,800 2,500 1.6% 39,333 4.1 Sevenoaks 117,000 117,800 800 0.7% 36,920 3.2 Shepway 108,800 109,500 600 0.6% 35,670 3.1 Swale 139,200 140,800 1,700 1.2% 37,339 3.8 Thanet 136,800 138,400 1,600 1.2% 10,334 13.4

Tonbridge & Malling 123,000 124,400 1,400 1.2% 24,014 5.2

Tunbridge Wells 115,700 116,100 400 0.4% 33,133 3.5

Source: 2014 Mid Year Population Estimates published 25 June 2015 Office for National Statistics © Crow n Copyright *Revised 2013 Mid Year Population Estimates published 25 June 2015 Office for National Statistics © Crow n Copyright Presented by Business Intelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council

All figures are separately rounded to the nearest hundred and therefore may not sum. Percentages and densities are calculated using unrounded numbers

0.4% 0.6% 0.6% 0.7% 1.1% 1.2% 1.2% 1.2% 1.3% 1.5% 1.5% 1.6% 1.7% 0.0% 0.2% 0.4% 0.6% 0.8% 1.0% 1.2% 1.4% 1.6% 1.8% Tunbridge Wells Shepway Dover Sevenoaks Kent Tonbridge & Malling Swale Thanet Ashford Gravesham Canterbury Maidstone Dartford % Change

2013 to 2014 Mid-year population change: Kent and local authority districts

Source: Office for National Statistics (Crown Copyright)

Figure

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References