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Kala Academy Location : Goa

Architect : Charles Correa Building Type : Institution Site Area : 6.3acres

Site Gradient : Gentle Slope Location:

 Situated at Campal, Panaji along the banks of river Mandovi.

 The area has mixed land use with a military hospital across the road, and a cricket ground and a park on either side.

Access:

 Regular buses connecting Panaji and the academy are available.  Dabolim airport, 35 km.

 Nearest railway station is Madgao, 53 km. About:

 It is the venue of international film festival of India.

 The Goa Kala academy established in 1969 is the prime institution for promotion of art and culture in Goa.

 It is a vibrant representation of the culture and art of the people of Goa this is expressed in the staggering amount and variety of cultural programs held in its premises.

Site:

 The site is flat, except for a gentle slope at the river edge.  The total site area comes to around 6.3 acres.

Layout:

 There are four entries to the site.  Boat jetty provided on the river side.

 The coverage is about 40% the pedestrian and vehicular systems are well defined.

 The active area includes the cafeteria, the garden and the amphitheater.

 The site is divided into main building service building, muktangan, parking area, the exhibition space.

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Building -style & character:

 Kala academy building has been designed by ar. Charles correa. He has given prime importance to the process of moving through the spaces in a building.

 The built form has been kept low ranging from one to three floors.  This is further enhanced by the use of parapet walls for upper floors,

which emphasize horizontally.

 The 'pergola 'above the entrance, which acts as an extension to the foyer of the main auditorium and amphitheater.

 Use of waffle slabs and parapet walls are special feature of the building.

 Extensive use of specially designed seating.

 The interior walls are painted with pictures mostly depicting konkanise culture and creating illusion.

 The building acts as a tunnel between the city and the river. Building Level Zoning:

 The building is divided into three zones: 1. public

2. administration 3. academic

 They are provided at different levels so as to avoid conflict between these zones

 The ground floor includes facilities like auditorium, Preview Theater, amphitheater, art gallery, and canteen etc. where public entry is invited

 The first and second floors include academic and administration facilities.

 There are three groups of people using the building: Staff, students, audience

 The circulation has been linked to the zoning and has been segregated by separating them through levels - ground floor for audience functions and first and second floor for staff and students with a necessary

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D.m Kala Mandir (A. C Auditorium) Seating capacity - 1000

Stage opening - 9.6 m Area - 1300 sq.m

Orchestra pit- 7.2 x 2.1 m

 The auditorium allows a variety of acoustical conditions ranging from speech, plays to sitar recitals and orchestral arrangements

 The changes are made by manipulating absorbent materials placed within inner compartments hidden from view above this ceiling.

 The walls of the auditorium are painted illusions of an old goan theatre,  Behind the figures in the boxes real curtains may be pulled to reduce

reverberation time in space.

 The stage is 80cm high from the first row.  The raking height varies from 10-20 cm.

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Mini open air theatre:

 The mini oat seats 300 people.

 It is mainly used as an outdoor classroom and meeting space however small performances are also held here.

 The oat has a tread of 85cm and a rise of 45 cm. the steep risers give it excellent sightlines.

 The farthest seat is 6m away and no amplification is required.  Two aisles run along either end. The width is 120cm and

 The steps have 15cm risers and 28 cm treads.

 The stage is square is shape and has an area of 7.5 x 7.5 m

Open air amphitheatre:

Seating capacity (no chair) - 2000 Seating capacity (chair) - 1312 Proscenium opening - 15m Depth from curtain line- 12m

 The amphitheater is of double herringbone shape.

 There is entry from road main lobby and the restaurant area.

 The stage is raised at 75cm above the ground floor level (eye level of the first row)

 Two seating rakes provided. The lower seats have a rise of 30 cm and  tread of 100 cm while higher ones have a rise of 45 cm giving

adequate sight lines.

 Acoustics are good as the seats block out noise from the road side and  the stage blocks out noise from the river side.

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Black box:

 The seating capacity is 200.  Area - 175 sq.m

 It is used for experimental productions, music concerts, meetings and amateur performances.

 It can be used as a recording studio.

 A control room and a green room provided.  A black box lobby is also provided.

Administration:

Administrative area is on the first floor. The area divided into closed and open cabinets total area comes to around 500 sq.m.

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Preview Theatre: * Capacity of 24.

* Used during iffi for special screening. Has got a jury room and projector room attached.

* Particle board has been used for acoustical effect.

Art gallery:

 Running wall space - 30 x 1.50 mts approx  Carpet area of gallery - 90sq.mts approx.

 When exhibitions are not happening painting of children are displayed.  The exhibits are displayed on the wall on four sides.

 Lighting features are very normal no facility to hold a good exhibition.  A track is provided on all the walls, where the hook is given for hanging

the paintings.  The paintings are hanged on the hook, it may not look nice in the

context of exhibition but its looks simple as the building context.

 Cove lightings are provided for the gallery the focusing of the light can be adjusted but it does not serve the purpose of focusing any painting.  Since the intensity of the light is less, the light is spread on the wall.

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Library - 135 sq.m

 Library is in proximity with mini oat.  Books are raked in glass shelves

Cafeteria - 100 capacity

 Square table are provided each with 4 seats  3 sides open in to the outdoor landscape

 It is accessible from all theatre meeting room - 45 sq.m  C area of the room 7.30 x 6.15 sq.mts

 Room has one big table and six chairs

Guest room - 53 sq.m

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Services:

 The service buildings (ac plant and generator room) are provided on the western corner of the site no way disrupting the normal functioning of the building.

 Two separate service entries have been provided. One to the generator room and the other on the eastern corner of the site.

 The eastern entry caters to the need of the amphitheater and the canteen.

 A loading deck has also been provided here

 The septic tank is provided underneath the garden. Parking Facilities:

 Parking facilities is provided on the south-eastern side.  Nearly 250 public parking are provided.

 Special VIP and staff parking provided. Landscape:

 The beautiful lawns form the main part of the site. Trees Are provided aptly at the front side of the building.

 Specially designed benches and lamp posts line the path Along the river side.

Analysis:

 The layout and the building zoning provided are Excellent has brought  in a different overall treatment.

 Good acoustical treatment

 The flow of spaces has resulted in a good built-open relationship.  Good use of site features has successfully made the public spaces  interesting by use of sculptures, paintings, seatings etc.

 The cafeteria is the most active space with good view to the river.  Vehicular and pedestrian ways properly defined.

 Service blocks are separated

 Security measures provided are minimum.  Signage provided is minimum.

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References

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