Traditional foods play an important role in; Local identity, Consumer behavior, The transfer of cultural heritage for future generations Traditional f

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GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS

GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS

Asist. Prof. Ümran

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TraditionalTraditional foodsfoods playplay anan importantimportant rolerole inin;;

LocalLocal identityidentity,,

ConsumerConsumer behaviorbehavior,,

The transferTheTheThe transfertransfer oftransfer ofof culturalof culturalcultural heritagecultural heritageheritage forheritage forfor futurefor futurefuture generationsfuture generationsgenerationsgenerations

TraditionalTraditional foodsfoods havehave alsoalso becomebecome importantimportant instrumentsinstruments inin

marketing marketing..

InIn manymany countriescountries,, thethe demanddemand forfor traditionaltraditional foodsfoods isis observedobserved toto

increase increase..

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TurkeyTurkey carriescarries manymany culturalcultural andand ecologicalecological differencesdifferences

ItIt hashas aa widewide rangerange ofof traditionaltraditional productsproducts..

MeatMeat productsproducts (sucuk,(sucuk, pastırma,pastırma, kavurma),kavurma),

DairyDairy productsproducts (tulum(tulum peynir,çökelek,peynir,çökelek, ezineezine peynir)peynir)

FruitFruit andand vegetablevegetable productsproducts (pekmez,(pekmez, cezerye,cezerye, tarhana)tarhana)

FruitFruit andand vegetablevegetable productsproducts (pekmez,(pekmez, cezerye,cezerye, tarhana)tarhana)

TheseThese productsproducts needneed toto bebe registeredregistered withwith geographicalgeographical

indications

indications toto establishestablish trusttrust andand toto becomebecome brandsbrands onon the

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AA traditionaltraditional productproduct isis aa productproduct thatthat hashas aa certaincertain traditionaltraditional

character,

character, whichwhich distinguishesdistinguishes itit fromfrom similarsimilar productsproducts..

Baklava,Baklava, pastırma,pastırma, ayran,ayran, yogurt,yogurt, cezeryecezerye

Baklava,Baklava, pastırma,pastırma, ayran,ayran, yogurt,yogurt, cezeryecezerye

WhenWhen thesethese areare labelledlabelled withwith aa GI,GI, asas isis thethe casecase withwith “Antep“Antep

baklavası”,

baklavası”, “Kayseri“Kayseri pastırması”,pastırması”,

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InIn GIGI registration,registration, thethe aimaim isis

ToTo protectprotect thethe qualityquality ofof thethe productproduct

ToTo ensureensure standardizedstandardized productionproduction

ToTo ensureensure thatthat thethe producersproducers ofof thethe productproduct inin thethe regionregion inin questionquestion

benefit

benefit fromfrom thethe protectionprotection ofof thethe GIGI forfor thatthat productproduct.. benefit

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AsAs thethe registrationregistration ofof TurkishTurkish traditionaltraditional foodsfoods withwith aa

geographical

geographical indicationindication isis onlyonly validvalid inin TurkeyTurkey,, itit isis importantimportant to

to followfollow EUEU applicationapplication proceduresprocedures forfor themthem toto bebe treatedtreated asas to

to followfollow EUEU applicationapplication proceduresprocedures forfor themthem toto bebe treatedtreated asas registered

registered traditionaltraditional productsproducts inin thethe EUEU..

AnAn applicationapplication waswas mademade forfor GIGI--PGIPGI registrationregistration forfor “Antep“Antep baklavası”baklavası”

in

in 20092009,,

AnAn applicationapplication waswas mademade forfor PDOPDO registrationregistration ofof “Aydın“Aydın inciriinciri (Aydın(Aydın

fig

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InIn TurkeyTurkey,, thethe DecreeDecree LawLaw andand RegulationRegulation nono 555555 onon thethe

Protection

Protection ofof GeographicalGeographical IndicationsIndications hashas beenbeen inin forceforce sincesince 1995

1995..

AnAn amendmentamendment waswas mademade inin thethe decreedecree lawlaw onon 1515..1010..20082008 andand

in

in thethe regulationregulation inin 20092009.. in

in thethe regulationregulation inin 20092009..

AccordingAccording toto DecreeDecree LawLaw,, thethe TurkishTurkish PatentPatent InstituteInstitute isis thethe

authorized

authorized organorgan forfor thethe registrationregistration ofof geographicalgeographical indications

(8)

TheThe EUEU hashas specialspecial systemssystems forfor thethe protectionprotection ofof traditionaltraditional

foods

foods suchsuch asas “Protected“Protected DesignationDesignation ofof OriginOrigin--PDO”,PDO”, “Protected

“Protected GeographicalGeographical IndicationIndication--PGI”,PGI”, andand “Traditional“Traditional Specially

Specially GuaranteedGuaranteed--TSG”TSG”..

TurkishTurkish legislationlegislation doesdoes notnot includeinclude aa seperateseperate registrationregistration systemsystem forfor

products

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Protectıon

Protectıon of

of Geographical

Geographical Indications

Indications

in

in Turkey

Turkey

RELATED

RELATED LAWLAW--COMPETENTCOMPETENT AUTHORITYAUTHORITY

DecreeDecree--LawLaw nono 555555..

TheThe ImplementingImplementing RegulationsRegulations UnderUnder thethe DecreeDecree LawLaw nono 555555;;

Article

Article 11:: ThisThis DecreeDecree LawLaw aimsaims herebyhereby,, toto protectprotect naturalnatural,, agriculturalagricultural,,

ArticleArticle 11:: ThisThis DecreeDecree LawLaw aimsaims herebyhereby,, toto protectprotect naturalnatural,, agriculturalagricultural,,

minig

minig andand industrialindustrial productsproducts andand handicraftshandicrafts underunder geographicalgeographical signssigns when

when theythey areare inin conformityconformity withwith thethe provisionsprovisions ofof thethe DecreeDecree--LawLaw

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Definitions:

Definitions:

Designation

Designation ofof OriginOrigin::

TwoTwo criteriacriteria shallshall bebe satisfiedsatisfied;;

FirstFirst,, thethe qualityquality oror characteristicscharacteristics ofof thethe productproduct areare essentiallyessentially oror

exclusively

exclusively duedue toto thethe inherentinherent naturalnatural andand humanhuman factorsfactors ofof thatthat geographical

geographical areaarea geographical

geographical areaarea

TheThe productionproduction,, processingprocessing andand preparationpreparation ofof thethe productproduct taketake placeplace

within

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Definitions:

Definitions:

Geographical

Geographical IndicationsIndications

TwoTwo criteriacriteria shallshall bebe satisfiedsatisfied

AA specificspecific qualityquality,, reputationreputation oror thethe otherother characteristicscharacteristics ofof thethe productproduct

should

should bebe attributableattributable toto thatthat geographicalgeographical areaarea should

should bebe attributableattributable toto thatthat geographicalgeographical areaarea

AtAt leastleast oneone ofof thethe activitiesactivities ofof thethe productionproduction,, processingprocessing oror

preparation

preparation ofof thethe productproduct shouldshould taketake placeplace withinwithin thethe geographicalgeographical area

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Specific Cases:

Specific Cases:

Followings

Followings cannotcannot bebe registeredregistered::

GenericGeneric namesnames

NamesNames ofof plantplant varietiesvarieties,, animalanimal breedsbreeds oror similarsimilar namesnames,, ifif

misleading misleading misleading misleading

NamesNames ofof contrarycontrary toto publicpublic orderorder andand generalgeneral principlesprinciples ofof

morality morality

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RIGHT of APPLICATION

RIGHT of APPLICATION

NaturalNatural oror legallegal personspersons whowho areare producersproducers ofof thethe productproduct

ConsumersConsumers associationsassociations

PublicPublic institutionsinstitutions relatedrelated withwith thethe productproduct oror thethe geographicalgeographical

region region

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SPECIFICATION

SPECIFICATION

NameName

InformationInformation aboutabout thethe applicantapplicant

GeneralGeneral informationinformation aboutabout thethe productproduct,, productionproduction methodmethod

BordersBorders ofof thethe productionproduction areaarea

TheThe linklink betweenbetween thethe productproduct andand thethe areaarea

ReasonsReasons toto bebe aa GIGI

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PROCEDURE

PROCEDURE

ExaminationExamination

CompletingCompleting thethe missingmissing formalformal informationinformation andand documentsdocuments

CheckingChecking thethe applicationapplication withwith anan expertexpert impartialimpartial organizationorganization

PublicationPublication inin NationalNational OfficialOfficial Gazette,Gazette, 22 highlyhighly circulatedcirculated

newspaper,

newspaper, 11 locallocal newspapernewspaper

66 monthsmonths durationduration forfor thethe objectionsobjections

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INSPECTION STRUCTURE

INSPECTION STRUCTURE

SufficientSufficient qualifiedqualified staffstaff

EquipmentEquipment andand resourcesresources toto inspectinspect

TheThe productionproduction

MarketingMarketing

MarketingMarketing

MediumMedium ofof useuse ofof registeredregistered designationdesignation ofof originorigin oror geographicalgeographical

indication indication

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SCOPE OF PROTECTION

SCOPE OF PROTECTION

ExploitingExploiting thethe reputationreputation ofof thethe registeredregistered NameName oror aa useuse ofof thethe

name

name inin respectrespect ofof productsproducts similarsimilar oror comparablecomparable toto thethe products

products registeredregistered

IndicatingIndicating aa realreal geographicalgeographical placeplace asas aa wordword conveyingconveying aa

false

false impressionimpression asas toto thethe originorigin ofof thethe productproduct-- “style,“style, method,method, type,

type, asas producedproduced in”in”

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PackagingPackaging oror representationrepresentation ofof thethe productproduct whichwhich isis liableliable toto

convey

convey falsefalse impressionimpression asas toto itsits originorigin oror anyany otherother practicepractice liable

liable toto misleadmislead thethe publicpublic

ToTo participateparticipate,, toto assistassist,, toto encourageencourage oror toto facilitatefacilitate inin whateverwhatever

form

form thethe actsacts referredreferred inin aboveabove sentencessentences.. form

form thethe actsacts referredreferred inin aboveabove sentencessentences..

IfIf therethere isis anan infringmentinfringment,,

22--44 yearsyears imprisonmentimprisonment,, dependingdepending onon thethe actact

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As a

As a conclusion

conclusion;;

TheThe valuevalue ofof traditionaltraditional foodsfoods asas anan elementelement ofof culturalcultural

heritage

heritage andand theirtheir protectionprotection isis importantimportant..

GIGI registrationregistration ofof traditionaltraditional foodsfoods inin TurkeyTurkey isis inin progressprogress..

GIGI registrationregistration ofof traditionaltraditional foodsfoods inin TurkeyTurkey isis inin progressprogress..

ConsideringConsidering thethe traditionaltraditional foodfood diversitydiversity inin TurkeyTurkey,, thethe

number

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Thanks for your attention…

Thanks for your attention…

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