LOCATION : Jawaharlal Marg, JAIPUR
Completion : 1991
TYPE : Arts and crafts center
Architect : Architect Charles Correa
PLOT AREA : 9.5 acres
BUILT-UP AREA : 8100 sq.m.
Jawahar Kala Kendra also known as nine-square house of culture, Jawahar Kala Kendra is an arts and crafts centre located in the city of Jaipur. the centre is important not because of the nomenclature but its close association with the city of Jaipur itself. The centre was built in the year 1986 and the construction completed in 1991. The centre was launched by the state government to provide space to the cultural and spiritual values of India and display the rich craft heritage. The centre is dedicated to the late prime minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru.
It is located in the prime loca%on of south Jaipur. The centre is situated on Jawaharlal marg opposite to Rajasthan Commerce College. It is located on a parcel of land having an area of 9.5 acres and the building is surrounded by lush green landscaped garden. On one side it has a Shilp Gram made in a replica of cluster of village huts. The center was opened to public an April 1983. the built-‐ up is around 8100 sq.m.
Railway station – 7 kms Airport – 6 kms
8BLD NO. PARTICULARS FLOOR 1 Aministration block G.F 2 Madhyavarti open theatre G.F 3 Library Audio visual reading G.F F.F
4 Sphatic art gallery/
Music and dance Sphatic art gallery
G.F G.F F.F 5 Parijat I Parijat II Srajan workshops Srajan photo workshops G.F G.F G.F F.F BLD NO. PARTICULARS FLOOR 6 Alankar museum curator G.F F.F
7 Sudarshan art gallery
Surekh art gallery Chaturdic art gallery
G.F G.F F.F
8 Satkar cafeteria
Guest house / dormet
G.F F.F 9 Rangayan Krishnayan Director theatre G.F G.F
The centre is an analogue of the original city pIan of Jaipur drawn up by the
Maharaja, a scholar, mathematician and astronomer, Jai Singh the Second, in the mid-17th century. His city plan, guided by the Shipla Shastras, was based on the ancient Vedic madala of nine squares or houses which represent the nine planets (including two imaginary ones Ketu and Rahu). Due to the presence of a hill one of the squares was transposed to the east and two of the squares were amalgamated to house the palace.
Correa's plan for the Kendra invokes directly the original navagraha or nine house rnandala. One of the squares is pivoted to recall the original city plan and also to create the entrance. The plan of Jaipur city based on the nine square Yantra in which one square is displaced and two central squares combined. the squares is defined by 8m high wall, symbolic of the fortification wall along the Jaipur old city
Jaipur city was not only planned but its execution was also coordinated by Sawai Jai Singh II, in such a manner that a substantial part of the city developed within seven years of its foundation. His reign was probably the most glorious phase in the growth of the city.
The centre has been made in eight blocks housing
• theatres, • library,
• arts display room, • cafeteria,
The centre is frequently occupied with artists and arts loving people. Many exhibitions and performances by local artists are displayed at the centre. The annual festivals of classical dance and music are held in the centre. The centre hosts many workshops of dance and music.
Each of the nine planet is represented by a square, 30m x 30m, defined by red sandstone walls, 8m high. The programme of the Arts Centre is disaggregated into nine separate groupings, each corresponding to the myths of a particular planet; for instance the planet Guru ( which symbolises Learning) houses the Liberary. The traditional symbol of each planet is expressed in marble and stone inlay in the stone walls that surround it. The central square, as specified in the ancient Vedic shastras, is a void: representing the Nothing – which is the true Source of all Energy.
Interiors of the Kendra
• The first planet is Mangal. Since this planet represents Power, it was to house the Director and his administrative offices here. This planet becomes the entry point to the whole complex – so along the walls of the Mangal Mahal is an explanation of the Navgraha, and on the ceiling under the dome is painted a Jain cosmograph depicting all the rivers, mountains, animals, and vegetation of the manifest world around us.
• The permanent ethnographical art gallery called The Alankar Museum potentially depicts the tangible and intangible heritage of Rajasthan, through a vast range of artifacts exhibited here.
• Another six exhibition galleries presently work as art exhibition spaces and many artists of international status have enjoyed showing their creations here. For them, this art center has been buoying as a civic playground for developing and presenting new and challenging work across the arts. They have taken the institution as an innovative and a convenient way of thinking about India art and culture.
• The well endowed documentation section (library and audio-visual division) contains latest and a vast range of publications on theatre, fine arts and music attracting scholars and art connoisseurs.
• Adjoining the main building of the JKK is Shilpgram- a rural complex with six huts symbolizing the rural ambience of various regions of Rajasthan. These are - Marwar, Braj, Shekhawati, Tribal, Desert land and Hadoti. Apart from routine based art-culture oriented activities a mega annual festival named ”
The dome in Mangal Bhawan Jain cosmograph depicting the menifest world
Alankar museum depicting rajasthani heritage
The imaginary planet Rahu, symbolising the solar eclipse. Hence the white and black interlocking circles – and in the centre : the Axis of the Universe
Hastkar yantra – based on a medieval rajasthani painting
• The Surya Kund is a very important area and is at the central part of the nine grahas. • On every wall of the kund, traditional symbol of planets is expressed in white marble. • Steps of sandstone are constructed on all the four sides of the court.
• A play of levels with central stage invites various activities to be performed at the court and thus the court also acts as an open amphitheatre.
• The walls of the kund are cladded in red Agra sandstone topped by a coping of beige Dholpur stone – the same materials used for the Jantar Mantar Observatory, in the Agra Fort, in Fatehpur Sikri.
Construction Techniques and Materials
From the plan of the building to the interior of the rooms, Charles Correa has
concentrated en%rely on tradi%on and its revival – and the focus is one image of the
building rather than loca%on and its construc%on.
The exterior of each walls are covered in red sandstone, which replicates the
peculiar architecture of Jaipur planned by Jai Singh.
The interiors are painted in the auspicious colours, emo%ons, and mythic imagery
associated with that planet.
Landscape elements such as shrubs and green patches in an organic form with water
bodies are punctured between the various ac%vi%es which act as refreshing elements.
The colour combina%on of green and red sandstone gives a very vernacular feel in an
The simplicity in regional character of this ins%tu%on ﬁnds expression in the red
Rajasthan sandstone with which it is faced, topped by copings in Dholpur stone.
Play of Light and Shadow
One of the most significant feature which is adopted, particularly in the square Sandharb i.e library, is the play of Light and Shadow. It is partially open to sky and the particular side had full height glazing in it.
The partial open roof is treated with the Pargolas. It is designed so as the corridor always remains in shade and pond in the corner, reduces the effect of harsh sun in the library.