Records of notable Conopidae (Diptera) from Turkey

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© Faunistische Abhandlungen, ISSN 0375-2135, Dresden 15.01.2008

Records of notable Conopidae (Diptera) from Turkey

J

ENS

-H

ERMANN

S

TUKE1

, R

ÜSTEM

H

AYAT2

, H

IKMET

Ö

ZBEK3 ¹ Roter Weg 22, 26789 Leer, Germany. E-Mail: jstuke@zfn.uni-bremen.de ² Atatürk Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Bitki Koruma Bölümü,

25240 Erzurum, Turkey. E-Mail: rhayat@atauni.edu.tr

3 Atatürk Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Bitki Koruma Bölümü, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey. E-Mail: hozbek@atauni.edu.tr

Abstract. Records of notable Conopidae (Diptera) from Turkey. New records of 39 species of Conopidae from Turkey are presented. 16 of these species are recorded from Turkey for the fi rst time. The distributional information for these species is supplemented by additional new Conopid records for the adjacent countries of Azerbaijan, Greece, Iran and Saudi Arabia.

Kurzfassung. Neue Nachweise von 39 Conopidenarten aus der Türkei werden präsentiert. 16 dieser Arten werden erstmalig für die Türkei gemeldet. Die Verbreitungsinformationen werden durch neue Nachweise aus dem angrenzenden Aserbaidschan, Griechenland, Iran und Saudi Arabien ergänzt. Key words. Diptera, Conopidae, faunistic, Azerbaijan, Greece, Turkey, Iran, Saudi-Arabia.

Introduction

Following the recent collection of a large amount of Conopid material from Turkey it is desirable that the results should be summarized in a faunistic overview for this conspicuous Diptera group. After starting this project, however, it became increasingly obvious that there are still too many unresolved taxonomic problems to allow completion of this work within an acceptable time-frame. We have Turkish material of the genera Melanosoma, Myopa,

Physocephala, Thecophora and Zodion which cannot be reliably determined at this time. Revisional taxonomic work has begun and manuscripts are now in press for the genera Myopa

and Physocephala which include some of the problematic Turkish material.

For the same reason it is diffi cult to rely on faunistic records for taxonomically diffi cult species which have been recorded previously for Turkey. The most recent overview is that of CHVÁLA

& SMITH (1988) but this paper does not give detailed records or sources. Earlier published

records are widely scattered in the literature and it is often hard to be certain which species is being referred to by these authors.

The aim of the present work is to summarize the current knowledge for those species which are taxonomically unambiguous. Records of all known specimens are presented for these species, and the distribution of some species is discussed in detail. Taxonomic remarks are added where necessary. For those species with a limited range an overview of the records is given. This paper is presented as a fi rst step towards a faunistic survey of Turkish Conopidae and additional material or records would be warmly welcomed by the authors.

Material and Methods

The following information is given for the material listed: administrative district (province): number of PP, number of OO (town, village or specifi c locality, geographical coordinates if available, altitude, date, collector and collection, if not the collection of EMET). The abbreviation for the public collections are: BMNH – United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]; EMET – Turkey, Erzurum, Ataturk Universitesi, Faculty of Agriculture, Entomology Museum; MNHN – France, Paris, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle; NHRS – Sweden, Stockholm, Naturhistoriska riks-museet; NMW – Austria, Wien, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; ZMUM – Russia, Moscow,

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Moscow State University.Where no other information is given to the contrary, the determination of species is in accordance with that of KRÖBER (1925), together with the additional works of

CHVÁLA (1961, 1965) and STUKE (2002). The males of Sicus abdominalis Kröber, 1915, Sicus

alpinus Stuke, 2002, Sicus ferrugineus (Linnaeus, 1761) and Sicus fusenensis Ôuchi, 1939 cannot be separated at this time, and only the females of this group are distinct. We have therefore listed all males from this group as belonging to Sicusferrugineus, since this is the only one of these four species which has been confi rmed to date from Turkey on the basis of females.

The nomenclature is in accordance with CHVÁLA & SMITH (1988). The species are ordered

by subfamilies, and are listed alphabetically within subfamilies. All the new material was collected by means of hand-netting only, with no use of sampling devices such as Malaise traps or coloured pan-traps etc. This may explain why some of the smaller species in genera such as Thecophora, Dalmannia or Zodion may be under-represented.

Results

Conopinae

Brachyceraea brevicornis (Loew, 1847)

Artvin: 1P (Yusufeli, Altıparmak, 1100m, 05.VII.1994, leg. R. Hayat, col. Stuke); 1P (Yusufeli, 800m, 07.VII.1992, leg. R. Hayat); Erzincan: 1P (Bayırbağ, 1200m, 05.VII.1995, leg. G. Tozlu); Erzurum: 2PP, 1O (İspir, Madenköprübaşı, 900m, 07.VII.1996, leg. G. Tozlu); 1P (Oltu, Karakaban, 28.VIII.1996, leg. G. Tozlu, col. Stuke); 1P (Oltu, Toprakkale, 1700m, 15.VII.1996, leg. G. Tozlu); 1P (Olur, Taşlıköy, 1700m, 12.VII.1991, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Pasinler, Büyükdere, 1940m, 10.VIII.1994, leg. E. Yıldırım); 1P (Pazaryolu, 900m, 20.VII.1991, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Şenkaya, Akşar, 1300m, 26.VII.1994, leg. E. Yıldırım); 1P (Tortum, 1700m, 27.VII.1990, leg. R. Hayat); Kars: 3PP, 1O (Sarıkamış, Karakurt, 1600m, 25.VIII.1997, leg. Ö. Çalmaşur, 1P, 1O, coll. Stuke).

The distribution of Brachyceraea brevicornis is restricted to Greece (CHVÁLA & SMITH 1988;

1P, Pelepones, Neapoli, Palaeok, leg. W. Arens, coll. Stuke), Turkey, Dagestan (CHVÁLA

& SMITH 1988) and Iran (2PP, Fars Province, Dasht-e Koshk, S of Kakan and E of Yasui, 30°29’41,4’’N, 051°52’04,8’’E, 2400m, 07.VII.2004, leg. J. Ziegler & C. Lange, coll. Stuke). On the basis of the known records worldwide, the centre of distribution appears to lie in Turkey.

Conopsfl avifrons Meigen, 1824

Erzincan: 1P, 1O (Central, 1200m, 14.VII.1997, leg. Ö. Çalmaşur); Erzurum: 1P (Campus of Atatürk University, 1850m, 10.VIII.1996, leg. R. Hayat); 1O (04.VIII.1998, ditto, coll. Stuke); 1P (Ilıca, Rizekent, 15.VIII.2000, leg. Ö. Çalmaşur); Hatay: 1P (14km N Yayladağı, Kışlak, Eryng, 23.VII.1998, creticum, leg. T. Osten, coll. Stuke); Kayseri: 1P, 1O (54km W Kayseri Göreme, 38°39‘N, 34°52‘E, leg. C. Schmid-Egger, 17.VII.1998, coll. Stuke); Şanlıurfa: 1O (Birecik, 37°02.78‘N, 037°59.02‘E, 400-500m, amsl, 12.VI.2000, leg. M. & O. Niehuis, coll. Stuke).

Conops fl avipes Linnaeus, 1758

Ardahan: 1P, 1O (Posof, Yurtbekler, 1800m, 27.VIII.1991, leg. H. Özbek); Artvin: 1P (Yusufeli, 800m, 05.VII.1994, leg. R. Hayat); Erzurum: 1O (Tortum, Ardı, 1700m, 07.VIII.1996, leg. E. Yıldırım); 1P, 1O (Tortum, Pehlivanlı, 1600m, 12.VII.1992, leg. R. Hayat).

This is the fi rst record of Conops fl avipes amongst the Turkish fauna.

Conops fl avicaudus (Bigot, 1880)

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This is the fi rst record of Conops falvicaudus amongst the Turkish fauna. Additionally there are some unpublished records from Greece: 2PP (Rhodos, Laerma, 13.IX.1984, leg. C. Schmid-Egger, coll. Stuke); 1P (Rhodos, Ixia, 11.-25.IX.1958, leg. Verhoeff, coll. Stuke). The records from Turkey and Greece, together with additional records from Cyprus (Chvála & Smith 1988), mark the western limit of the distribution of this conspicuous species.

Conopsinsignis Loew, 1848

Erzurum: 1P (Çat, 2600m, 11.VIII.1994, leg. E. Yıldırım); 1O (Ilıca, Sorkunlu, 1800m, 30.VII.1998, leg. R. Hayat); 1O (Pasinler, Rabat, 2200m, 15.VIII.1995, leg. E. Kılıç); Kars: 1P (Kağızman, 24.VIII.1997, 1700m, leg. H. Özbek).

Conopsquadrifasciatus De Geer, 1776

Ankara: 1P (Haymana, 850m, 29.VII.1997, leg. S. Aşar); Erzurum: 1P (Central, 1850m, 25.VII.1997, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (İspir, Yedigöze, 1200m, 30.VII.1990, leg. R. Hayat).

Conopssilaceus Wiedemann, 1824

Ankara: 1P (Central, 850m, 04.VII.1997, leg. S. Aşar); 1P (Central, 25.VII.1997, leg. S. Aşar, coll. Stuke); 3PP, 1O (Beytepe, 850m, 20.VII.1994, leg. H. Özbek); Aydın: 1P (Dilek. Nat. Park, 15.X.1990, leg. J. A. W. Lucas, coll. Stuke); Bilecik: 1P (Central, 600m, 15.VIII.1994, leg. E. Yıldırım); Kars: 1P, 1O (Sarıkamış, Karakurt, 1600m, 25.VIII.1997, leg. Ö. Çalmaşur, coll. Hayat & Stuke); Konya: 2PP (Güneysınır, Karagüney, 03.IX.2000, leg. M. Kesdek). These are the fi rst records for the Turkish fauna. Conopssilaceus is widely distributed in the Mediterranean area.

Conopstomentosus Kröber, 1916

Iğdır: 1P (Aralık, 02.VIII.1997, leg. B. Gül, coll. Stuke, fi gure 1).

This is the fi rst record for Turkey. The species has to date been found only in Turkmenia (locus typicus), Tadschikistan (CHVÁLA & SMITH 1988) and Saudi Arabia (1O, Abu Arish, 23.-29.III.1980, leg. K. M. Guichard, coll. BMNH). This species can easily be identifi ed using the key of KRÖBER (1916, 1925) and the two specimens we have seen accord completely with the

original description.

Conopsvesicularis Linnaeus, 1761

Erzurum: 1O (Oltu, Sütkans, 1700m, 17.VI.1996, leg. G. Tozlu).

This is the fi rst record for the Turkish fauna. Conops vesicularis is distributed throughout the Palaearctic region.

Leopoldiuscoronatus (Rondani, 1857)

Artvin: 1P (Yusufeli, Altıparmak, 1100m, 05.VII.1994, leg. R. Hayat); Erzincan: 2PP (Çatalarmut, 1200m, 09.VII.1990, leg. R. Hayat); Erzurum: 1P (Tortum, 1600m, 10.VIII.1988, leg. R. Hayat); Malatya: 1O (Central, 900m, 03.IX.1992, leg. Ö. İyigün).

These are the fi rst records for Turkey. The genus Leopoldius is easily overlooked and the occurrence of additional species of this genus in Turkey can be expected.

Neobrachyglossumpunctatum Kröber, 1915

Adıyaman: 1O (Gölbaşı, Göksu, 650m, 17.VII.1996, leg. Ş. Demir); Afyonkarahisar: 1P (Sultandağları, 15km S of Çay, 1400m, 01.VIII.1981, leg. H. Koene, J. Lucas, B. v. Oorschot, coll. Stuke); 1O (Sultandağları, 10km S of Cay, 1200m, 29.VII.1981, leg. H. Koene, J. Lucas, B. v. Oorschot, coll. Stuke).

This rare species has been recorded so far only from Turkey (CHVÁLA & SMITH 1988).

Physocephalarufi pes (Fabricius, 1781)

Antalya: 1P (Central, 10m, 29.VI.1992, leg. H. Özbek); Artvin: 1P (Central, 900m, 16.VIII.1990, leg. R. Hayat); 1O (Arhavi, 10.IX.1992, leg. S. Karadeniz); 1P, 1O (Borçka,

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Çifteköprü, 320m, 17.VIII.1990, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Yusufeli, Altıparmak, 1100m, 05.VII.1994, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Demirkent, 1200m, 14.VIII.1991, leg. R. Hayat); 1O (06.VII.1994, ditto); Bayburt: 1P (Demirözü, 1800m, 30.VII.1992, leg. H. Bostan); 1P (Kop Mt., 2200m, 10.VIII.1991, leg. H. Bostan); Erzincan: 1P (Üzümlü, 1200m, 09.VII.1993, leg. G. Tozlu); Erzurum: 1P (Campus of Atatürk Üniversity, 1850m, 02.VII.1989, leg. R. Hayat), 1P (13. VII.1991, ditto); 1P (22.VII.1992, ditto, leg. M. Atamanalp); 1P (10.VIII.1996, ditto, leg. R. Hayat); 1O (Dumlu, 1800m, 21.VIII.1994, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Dutçu, 1850m, 20.VI.1994, leg. Fig. 1: Conops tomentosus Kröber, 1916, P.

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R. Hayat); 1P (Şenyurt, 1850m, 22.VIII.1991, R. Hayat); 1O (Yeşilyurt, 1800m, 30.VII.1992, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Çat, Taşağıl, 2200m, 11.VIII.1994, leg. İ. Aslan); 1O (Horasan, 1600m, 12.VII.1992, leg. R. Hayat); 1O (Oltu, Başaklı, 1700m, 07.IX.1991, leg. H. Özbek); 1P, 1O (Ilıca, Rizekent, 2200m, 15.VII.2000, leg. Ö. Çalmaşur); 1O (İspir, 1150m, 07.VIII.1990, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Pasinler, Rabat, 2400m, 11.VII.1996, leg. İ. Aslan); 1P (Şenkaya, 1700m, 21.VII.1988, leg. R. Hayat); 1O (Tortum, Aksu Yaylası, 2200m, 27.VII.1998, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Kaledibi, 1700m, 15.VIII.1996, leg. G. Tozlu); 1P (Uzundere, Çamlıyamaç, 1700m, 13.VIII.1991, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Dikyar, 1800m, 04.IX.1994, leg. İ. Aslan); Gümüşhane: 1O (Torul, 1250m, 25.IX.1994, leg. S. Demirci); Kars: 1P (Susuz, 1800m, 26.VIII.1991, leg. E. Yıldırım).

Physocephalachrysorrhoea (Meigen, 1824)

Erzincan: 1P (Central, 1200m, 14.VII.1997, leg. E. Yıldırım).

Physocephalalaticincta (Brullé, 1832)

Antalya: 1P (Kumluca, 10m, 06.V.1996, leg. G. Tozlu); 1O (Phaselis, 25.V.1990, leg. C. Schmid-Egger, coll. Stuke); Aydın: 1P (Milli Park-Davutlar, 10m, 30.VI.1992, leg. H. Özbek); Erzurum: 1P (Narman, 1700m, 27.VI.1997, leg. E. Kılıç); 1P, 1O (Aksu, 1750m, 12.VIII.1998, leg. E. Yıldırım, coll. Stuke); 1P, 1O (Olur, Süngübayır, 1850m, 23.VII.1996, leg. İ. Aslan); 1O (Palandöken Mts., 2300m, 17.VII.1996, leg. İ. Aslan); 1P (Palandöken Mts., 2200m, 23.VII.1997, leg. E. Yıldırım); 1O (Şenkaya, Akşar, 1200m, 22.VIII.1997, leg. E. Yıldırım); İzmir: 2PP (İzmir, Milli Park, 30.VI.1992, leg. H. Özbek, coll. Stuke).

Physocephalanigra (De Geer, 1776)

Artvin: 1O (Yusufeli, Altıparmak, 1100m, 12.VI.1997, leg. R. Hayat); Erzurum: 1P (Oltu, Çamlıbel, 1600m, 02.VI.1997, leg. E. Yıldırım); 1P (Şenkaya, 1700m, 08.VI.1988, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Allahuekber Mts., 2000m, 14.VII.1997, leg. F. Akman); 1P (Tortum, Doruklu, 2000m, 04.VII.1991, leg. R. Hayat); 1O (Uzundere, Dikyar, 1500m, 17.VI.1995, leg. İ. Aslan); Kars: 1P (Sarıkamış, İsisu, 1800m, 07.VII.1991, leg. E. Yıldırım).

These are the fi rst records for the Turkish fauna of this species, which is widely distributed in Europe.

Physocephalavaginalis (Rondani, 1865)

Erzurum: 1O (Campus of Atatürk University, 1850m, 15.VIII.1990, leg. R. Hayat).

This is the fi rst record for the Turkish fauna. The females can easily be determined by the characteristic shape of the theca. The males are not distinguishable as yet. The species seems to be widely distributed in the Mediterranean area.

Physocephalavariegata (Meigen, 1824)

Muğla: 1O (Fethiye, Ölüdeniz, 0-50m, 25.-29.VII.1986, leg. P. v. Ooijen, coll. Stuke). The identifi cation has been confi rmed by comparing the available material with the Holotype (coll. MNHN).

Physocephalazaitzevi Zimina, 1979

Ankara: 1P (Elam Dağı, 1000m, 28.VI.1962, leg. Gulchard & Harvey, coll. BMNH); Kayseri: 1O (Sultanhanı, 1200m, 15.VI.1962, leg. Gulchard & Harvey, coll. BMNH, fi gure 2). Previously known only from the female Holotype of this species from Turkmenia. Additionally there is one specimen known from Iran (1O, VIII.1927, Persien, Elburs, Shah-Kuh, leg. G. Heinrich, coll. NHRS). All of the above specimens have been compared with the Holotype (coll. ZMUM).

Tropidomyiaaureifacies Kröber, 1915

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100m, 27.IV.1996, leg. L. Gültekin); Sivas: 1P (Gürün, 1300m, 24.VII.1997, leg. G. J. van Pelt); Kayseri: 1O (17.VII.1998, 54km W Kayseri, Göreme, 38° 39‘N, 34°52‘E, leg. C. Schmid-Egger, coll. Stuke); Nevşehir: 1P (10.VI.2000, Avanos to Ürgüp, 38°40.61’N, 034°53,08’E, ~1000m, leg. M. & O. Niehuis, coll. Stuke).

This species is widely distributed in the south of Asia and south-eastern Europe but is only rarely collected. Additional to the countries where it is recorded by CHVÁLA & SMITH (1988)

there are unpublished records from Iran (2PP, Ch. Mahali-o-Bakhtiyari, Sheikhalikhan [Kuh-e Karbosh], W of Shar -[Kuh-e Kord, 32°33’24,4’’N, 049°58’31,4’’E, 2650m, 03.VII.2004, l[Kuh-eg. J. Ziegler, coll. Stuke) and Azerbaijan (1O, NW Baku, Varafta mountains, W Kilyazi, 250m, 40°50’N, 49°10’E, 250m, leg. et coll. M. Hauser).

Dalmanniinae

Dalmanniamarginata (Meigen, 1824)

Konya: 1P (2km SE Sefakoy, Hill, Kızılören Dağı, WSW Konya, 37°48’N, 032°12’E, 1400m, 23.V.1998, leg. J. Ziegler & C. Lange, coll. Stuke); 1O (30km WSW Konya, Hill 2-5 km SE Sefaköy, Kızılören Dağı, 1450m, 37°47’N, 32°13’E, 23.V.1998, leg. S. Blank, coll. Stuke).

Dalmanniapunctata (Fabricius, 1794)

Konya: 1P, 1O (Hatunsaray, SSW Konya, 37°36’45’’N, 032°19’54’’E, 1100m, 21.V.1998, leg. J. Ziegler & C. Lange, coll. Stuke); 1O (Güneydere, Frenler Dağları, WNW Hatunsaray, SSW Konya, 37°37’32’’N, 32°18’23’’E, 1100m, 21.V.1998, leg. J. Ziegler & C. Lange, coll. Stuke).

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Myopinae

Melanosomabicolor (Meigen, 1824)

Erzurum: 1O (Başçakmak, 1850m, 11.VII.1990, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Ilıca, Atlıkonak, 2000m, 1.VI.2000, leg. M. Kesdek); 1P (Oltu, Sütkans, 1800m, 17.VI.1996, leg. G. Tozlu).

These are the fi rst records for the Turkish fauna.

Myopa buccata (Linnaeus, 1758)

Bayburt: 2PP (Demirözü, 1800m, 04.VI.1992, leg. H. Bostan); Erzurum: 1O (Pasinler, Rabat, 2400m, 13.VI.1996, leg. G. Tozlu); 1O (Şenkaya, Turnalı, 1700m, 20.VI.1997, leg. E. Yıldırım); İzmir: 1P (Bergama, Kozak rd., 700m, 10.-12.V.1993, leg. V. Michelsen, coll. Stuke); Mardin: 1P (Central, 23.IV.2000, leg. J. A. W. Lucas, coll. Stuke); Muğla: 2PP (ca 12km NE of Ağla, Kartal, Gölü just NE of Çiçekbaba Tepe, 1900m asl, PB60, 31.V.2000, leg. J. T. Smit, coll. Stuke).

Myopa buccata is widely distributed throughout the whole of the Palaearctic region. In some areas it is the most common species of the genus, so it is surprising that this species has not been recorded in Turkey before. Myopa buccata is an extremely variable taxon which may comprise an aggregate of several species.

Myopa dorsalis Fabricius, 1794

Artvin: 1O (Şavşat, Karagöl, 1650m, 08.VII.1998, leg. Ö. Çalmaşur); Erzurum: 1P (Campus of Atatürk University, 1850m, 04.VI.1988, leg. R. Hayat, coll. Stuke); 2PP (09.VII.1992, ditto); 1P (13.VII.1992, ditto); 1P (Pasinler, Rabat, 2400m, 11.VII.1996, leg. İ. Aslan); 1P (Tortum, Çakıllı, 1700m, 07.VII.1991, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Şenkaya, 21.VII.1988, leg. R. Hayat, coll. Stuke); Konya: 1P (Akşehir, 1900, leg. Korb, coll. Stuke).

Myopa occulta Wiedemann, 1824

Erzurum: 1P (Aşkale, Küçükgeçit, 1650m, 15.VI.1996, leg. R. Hayat); Konya: 1O (Gü-neydere, Erenler Dağlan, WNW Hatunsaray, SSW Konya, 37°37‘32‘‘N, 032°18‘23‘‘E, 1100m, 21.V.1988, leg. C. Lange & J. Ziegler, coll. Stuke).

Myopa occulta is new to the Turkish fauna.

Myopapallida Kröber, 1916

Erzurum: 1P (Dutçu, 1850m, 20.VI.1994, leg. R. Hayat); 1O (Karagöbek Mt., 2400m, 28.VII.2000, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Tafta, 1990m, 14.VII.1996, leg. İ. Aslan); 1P (Palandöken Mts., 2200m, 01.VII.1996, leg. R. Hayat, coll. Stuke); 1O (Pasinler, 1750m, 08.VIII.1995, leg. İ. Aslan). 1P (Tortum, Doruklu Y., 04.VII.1991, leg. R. Hayat, coll. Stuke); Kars: 1O (Sarıkamış, İsisu, 07.VII.1991, leg. E. Yıldırım, coll. Stuke); Malatya: 1P (“Dur?lova”, road Malatya-Darende, 1600m, 30.VI.1986, leg. J. A. W. Lucas, coll. Stuke).

Myopa pallida has previously been reported by CHVÁLA & SMITH (1988) only from the Caucasus

and the species seems to have a very restricted range. The records presented here are the fi rst for Turkey. The above specimens of this rarely reported species have been compared with the Holotype (coll. NMW).

Myopa picta Panzer, 1798

Erzurum: 1P, 1O (Campus of Atatürk University, 1850m, 10.VI.1990, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (17. VII.1992, ditto, coll. Stuke); 1P (28.VI.1994, ditto).

Myopavariegata Meigen, 1804

Erzurum: 1P (Campus of Atatürk University, 1850m, 04.VI.1988, leg. R. Hayat); 2OO (13. VII.1988, ditto); 1P 1O (28.VI.1994, ditto); 1P (17.VII.1992, ditto, coll. Stuke); 1P (Ilıca, Sorkunlu, 1800m, 30.VII.1998, leg. R. Hayat); 1P, 1O (Oltu, 1300m, 18.VII.1989, leg. R. Hayat, 1O, coll. Stuke); 1O (Oltu, Başaklı, 1800m, 01.VI.2000, leg. Ö. Çalmaşur).

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Myopotta rubripes (Villeneuve, 1909)

Erzurum: 1O (Palandöken Mts., Gölet, 2200m, 20.VI.1996, leg. Ö. Çalmaşur). Myopotta rubripes is here reported for the fi rst time from Turkey.

Sicusferrugineus (Linnaeus, 1761)

Artvin: 1O (Borçka, Çifteköprü, 320m, 17.VIII.1992, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Karagöl, 1650m, 15.VIII.1990, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Şavşat, Karagöl, 1650m, 15.VIII.1990, leg. R. Hayat); 1O (08.VII.1998, leg. L. Gültekin); 3OO (Yusufeli, Altıparmak, 1100m, 05.VII.1994, leg. R. Hayat); Bayburt: 1O (Kop Mt., 2200m, 10.VIII.1991, leg. H. Bostan); 2PP, 1O (13. VIII.1997, leg. Ö. Çalmaşur); Erzurum: 1O (Olur, Süngübayır, 1850m, 23.VII.1996, leg. İ. Aslan); 1P (Pasinler, Pelitli, 1450m, 14.VIII.1998, leg. Ö. Çalmaşur); 1P (Rabat, 2400m, 11.VII.1996, leg. İ. Aslan); 2PP (Şenkaya, 1700m, 03.VII.1990, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Tortum, Yumaklı, 2300m, 14.VIII.1997, leg. İ. Aslan); Hatay: 1O (Erzin, 100m, 2704.1996, leg. L. Gültekin); Kars: 1O (Sarıkamış, Aras Valley, Karakurt, Şeytangeçmez, 1800m, 04.VI.2000, leg. G. Tozlu).

Sicuscaucasicus Zimina, 1963

1O (Sarıkamış, 10.VII.1996, 2150m, leg. G. Tozlu, coll. Stuke).

This is the fi rst specimen of this remarkable species from Turkey. Sicuscaucasicus has only previously been reported from the Caucasus. The present record marks a new south-western limit of the known distribution. The specimen has been determined using the characters given in the key of STUKE (2002) and has been compared with material determined by Zimina.

Sicusnigritarsis Zimina, 1975

Artvin: 1O (Şavşat, Karagöl, 1650m, 15.VIII.1990, leg. R. Hayat); Erzurum: 1O (Ilıca, Sorkunlu, 1800m, 30.VII.1998, leg. R. Hayat, coll. Stuke); 1P (Şenkaya, 1700m, 03.VII.1990, leg. R. Hayat); 1O (Uzundere, Dikyar, 02.VII.1994, leg. İ. Aslan, coll. Stuke).

These are the fi rst records of this much overlooked species from Turkey. Sicusnigritarsis is widely distributed in southern Europe and southern Russia, but seems to be rare everywhere.

Thecophora atra (Fabricius, 1775)

Erzincan: 1O (Bahçe Kültürleri Araştırma Enstitüsü, 1200m, 07.VIII.1990, leg. R. Hayat). Specimens of this genus are under-represented in the material available to date, and it will doubtless be found much more commonly when sought for specifi cally in the future. The genus Thecophora is taxonomically one of the most diffi cult in the Conopidae. Whether or not the Turkish species is really identical with European atra cannot be decided for certain until more material is available.

Thecophoradistincta (Wiedemann, 1824)

Ankara: 1P (Central, 850m, 31.VII.1997, leg. S. Aşar). Thecophora fulvipes (Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830)

Erzurum: 1P (Pasinler, 1700m, 11.VII.1996, 1P, leg. İ. Aslan). This is the fi rst record of this species from Turkey.

Thecophorapusilla (Meigen, 1824)

Erzurum: 1O (Narman, 1700m, 19.VIII.1992, leg. R. Hayat); Yozgat: 1O (Boğazlıyan, 1300m, 26.VII.1994, 1O, leg. D. Öztürk).

Zodioncinereum (Fabricius, 1794)

Bayburt: 1P, 1O (Demirözü, 1800m, 30.VII.1992, leg. H. Bostan); 1O (Kop Mt., 2200m, 12.VII.1992, leg H. Bostan); Bingöl: 1O (Solhan, 2100m, 25.V.2000, leg. M. Kesdek); Burdur: 1O (Aksu Valley,S Kargi N Antalya, 37°14‘15‘‘N, 030°48‘04‘‘E, 160m, 18.IV.2001, leg. Lange

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& Ziegler, coll. Humboldt Universität Berlin); Erzincan: 1P (Ahmetli, 1300m, 09.VIII.1990, leg. R. Hayat); Erzurum: 1O (Campus of Atatürk Univeristy, 1850m, 15.VII.1996, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Dumlu, Köşk, 1800m, 20.VI.1996, leg. R. Hayat); 1P, 1O (Oltu, 1300m, 07.VI.1988, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (Oltu, 27.V.1994, leg. R. Hayat); 1P (18.VI.1996, leg. G. Tozlu); 2OO (Pasinler, Rabat, 2400m, 13.VI.1996, leg. G. Tozlu); Konya: 1P (Beyşehir, Gökçimen, 1050m, 31.VII.1997, leg. F. Aydın); 1P (Central, 11.VI.1971, leg. K. Warncke, coll. Stuke); 1P, 1O (Güneydere, Erenler Dağları, WNW Hatunsaray, SSW Konya, 1200m, 37°37’14’’N, 032°16’38’’E, 21.V.1998, leg. Lange & Ziegler, coll. Stuke); Muğla: 1P (1km W of Köycegiz, UTM PA49.5m asl, leg. M. Reemer, coll. Stuke).

Zodioncinereum is widely distributed in the Palaearctic region. The taxon is quite variable and may include several as yet unrecognized species.

Zodionerythrurum Rondani, 1865

Bayburt: 1O (Central, 1700m, 21.VI.1992, leg. H. Bostan); 1P, 1O (Demirözü, 1800m, 04.VI.1992, leg. H. Bostan); Erzurum: 1P (Dumlu, Köşk, 1800m, 20.VI.1996, leg. R. Hayat).

Zodionnotatum (Meigen, 1804)

Erzurum: 1O (Pasinler, Rabat, 2400m, 10.VII.1997, leg. E. Kılıç).

Zodionnotatum has not been recorded amongst the Turkish fauna before. Possibly this taxon represents only a small dark form of Zodioncinereum.

Acknowledgements

The authors express their sincere thanks to all of the named collectors. Martin Hauser (Urbana), Dr. Christian Schmid-Egger (München) and Dr. Joachim Ziegler (Berlin) gave material from adjacent regions that have been referred to here. The loan of type material was possible through the help of Peter Sehnal (NMW), Dr. Andrey L. Ozerov (ZMUM) and Dr. Christophe Daugeron (MNHN). The authors also thank their colleagues Dr. E. Yıldırım, Dr. İ. Aslan, Dr. G. Tozlu, Dr. L. Gültekin, Dr. Ö. Çalmaşur, Dr. H. Bostan, M. Kesdek and E. Kılıç in the Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Atatürk University (Erzurum, Turkey), and the students S. Aşar, B. Gül, Ö. İyigün, Ş. Demir, S. Karadeniz, M. Atamanalp, S. Demirci, F. Akman, D. Öztürk and F. Aydın for their assistance in collecting some of the material. David Clements (Cardiff) checked the English.

References

CHVÁLA, M. (1961): Czechoslovak species of the subfamilies Conopinae (Diptera, Conopidae). –

Acta Universitatis Carolinae-Biologica ´61: 103–145; Prag.

CHVÁLA, M. (1965): Czechoslovak species of the subfamilies Myopinae and Dalmanniinae

(Dipte-ra, Conopidae). – Acta Universitatis Carolinae-Biologica ´65: 93–149; Prag.

CHVÁLA, M. & K. G. V. SMITH (1988): Conopidae. – in SÓOS, A. & L. PAPP (eds.): Catalogue of

Palearctic Diptera. Volume 8. – Amsterdam-Oxford-New York-Tokyo: Elsevier, 363 S. STUKE, J.-H. (2002): A new species of Sicus from Central Europe (Diptera: Conopidae). –

Mit-teilungen der Schweizer Entomologischen Gesellschaft 75: 245–252; Lausanne.

KRÖBER, O. (1916): Die palaearktischen Arten der Gattung Conops L. – Archiv für Naturgeschichte,

Abteilung A, 81: 35–60; Berlin.

KRÖBER, O. (1925): 35. Conopidae. – in LINDNER, E. (Hrsg): Die Fliegen der palaearktischen

Re-gion; Stuttgart: E. Schweitzerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1–48 + 4 Tafeln.

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