Cross-border and international tourism

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Cross-border and

international tourism

Czech-Polish single-track for cycling

at Smrk in the Izerskie Mountains

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Contents

introduCtion

About the projeCt

Around ŚwierAdów-Zdrój

interesting fACts

on first-nAme terms With tourism

ContACt detAils

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poland even more beautiful!

The aim of the competition “Poland Even More Beautiful − 7 Miracles of EU Funds” is to select and award the best projects related to tourism, sports and recreation infrastructure, as well as public space planning and revitalisation, that have been co- -financed from European Funds. The main prizes are awarded in seven categories. The project entitled “Czech-Polish single-track for cycling at Smrk in the Izerskie Mountains” is the winner in the “Cross-border and international tourism” category. As part of the project, a single-track was created, i.e. a specially prepared trail along narrow paths meandering among the trees of the Izerskie forests. It enables cross-country biking to be practised in the forests with no harm being done to nature.

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About the projeCt

About the projeCt

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in harmony with nature

The local governments of Świeradów-Zdrój and Nové Město pod Smrkem have for a long time been looking for an idea for economic revival of this region. Considering various options, one condition was imposed: the development cannot take place at the cost of natural resources, as the Izerskie Mountains abound in valuable ecosystems, e.g. peatlands. In Świeradów Forest District, one of the major refuges of the black grouse, a species under strict protection, is situated. Relying on the positive experience gained in Wales, single-tracks were selected, i.e. narrow one-way paths which enable bikers to commune with nature without damaging it. A trail was marked with a length of 40.73 km, out of which 23.13 km runs through the Czech Republic and 17.6 km through Poland. The technical documentation was compiled in co-operation with the best-known expert in this area, Dafydd Davis from Wales, who had designed similar trails in Great Britain, Canada and Japan.

project: Czech-Polish single-track for cycling at Smrk in the Izerskie Mountains Beneficiary: The Polish State Forest Administration − Świeradów Forest District and its partners

location: between Świeradów-Zdrój and Nové Město programme: Cross-border Co-operation Operational Programme Czech Republic − Poland 2007-2013, 2.2 Support for tourism development project value: approx. PLN 2.6 million eu subsidies: approx. PLN 2.2 million

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the showcase of the izerskie mountains

Świeradów-Zdrój is situated 450-710 m above sea level, at the foot of the Izerskie Mountains in the Kwisa River Valley. The first mention of its therapeutic water comes from a book by a Berlin doctor, Leonard Thurneysser, published in 1572. A real breakthrough in the town’s development was the year 1768 which marked the beginning of organised spa activity. By the so-called upper spring, a residential house for patients with 14 rooms was built (the old spring house). Over time, the town became a well-known spa and its further prime was facilitated by train connections with Wrocław and Zgorzelec. This health resort, with an over 250-year-long medicinal tradition, specialises in treatment of musculoskeletal, rheumatological, neurological and gynaecological disorders, peripheral arterial disease, arterial hypertension and osteoporosis.

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spring house

The 19th-century building replaced the

previous Spring House dating back to 1781, which was ruined as a result of a fire in 1895. Its interesting body is crowned with a 46 m-high clock tower, which can be ascended. The major attraction of this facility is the 80 m-long larch walking hall, decorated with beautiful floral polychromy and stained-glass windows - it is the longest walking hall in Lower Silesia. At the main entrance, there is a spring of drinking water which contains radon and iron acidic water.

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didactic garden

“izery of the three elements”

The peatlands, which are characteristic of the Izerskie Mountains, are rarely seen in their natural state. They are so valuable that it is forbidden to walk on them. However, next to the Świeradów Forest District building, the largest artificial peatland in Europe has been created. It covers almost 4 thousand square metres and one can become acquainted there with typical local plants, e.g. round-leaved sundew, swamp cranberry and dwarf birch. The real attraction is a multimedia system, allowing visitors to identify animal sounds. Astronomy lovers are offered a small observatory. The telescopes located in it make it possible to watch the sky, both during the day and at night.

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educational path “Zajęcznik”

In 2012, on the initiative of the Świeradów Forest District, an interactive educational nature path was created. It starts at the forest entrance on Polna or Cicha Streets (the green trail should be followed towards the Zajęcznik Mountain). Nine interactive educational boards have been designed to attract tourists’ attention and easily extend their knowledge on the flora and fauna of the Izerskie Mountains. The topics presented include:

• Where I live • Plant − animal • Hunting puzzle

• Inhabitants of the Izerskie forest • Dendrology lesson

• You can see me by day and at night • Find my mum

• Food chain • Forest chimes.

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the devil’s mill

The water mill in Czerniawa-Zdrój (situated at a distance of 5 km from the centre of Świeradów) was built at the end of the 19th century. Its original equipment

has survived and it still functions today. Currently, the mill houses an open-air museum. Visitors can take a look at the old cycle of bread production, starting from wheat processing in mill machines, through dough kneading, and ending with loaf baking in a 100-year-old oven. According to the legend, in order to avoid the spitefulness of a devil hiding somewhere in the mill, prior to crossing the threshold, one has to touch the lion’s head at the entrance to the mill.

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A mountain shelter on

the stóg izerski mountain

The mountain hut was built in 1924 in the Silesian-Lusatian style. It is one of the favourite destinations of tourists. From the clearing by the building, one may admire a wonderful view of Świeradów- -Zdrój, the Kwisa River Valley, the Grzbiet Kamienicki range and the western part of the Karkonosze Mountains. The place looks particularly beautiful in early spring. The hut can accommodate around 50 guests, offering them rooms with bathrooms and a restaurant.

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gondola cable railway

It is the most modern cable railway of this type in Poland. The tourists have at their disposal 71 cable cars which reach the top of the Stóg Izerski Mountain in 10 minutes. The gondola cable railway operates all year round. By the top station there is a restaurant with a sunny observation deck.

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interesting fACts

interesting fACts

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Świeradów-Zdrój in numbers

• 7 − the number of days needed to travel from Poznań to Świeradów in the 18th century

• -36.6ºC − the lowest temperature recorded on the Izerska Pasture on December 29th, 1996

• 143.2 − the average number of sunny days in a year • 180-210 − the average number of days with snowfall in a year

• 11,700 − the number of patients that visited the spa in 1938

• 45,000 − the number of patients visiting the spa in 2012.

the izerski

anti-gravity point

This extraordinary place is situated at a distance of around 300 m from the lower gondola cable railway station (towards Czerniawa). A stopped car starts to go up here. Some explain this phenomenon with the fact that the road’s inclination is only an optical illusion. Others consider it a gravity anomaly. Irrespectively of the explanation − everyone has a lot of fun here.

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A route for everyone

Single-tracks are narrow (up to 0.8 m wide) bike trails with the maximum inclination of 5%. In places where the crossing is more difficult, small bridges, footbridges and special passageways have been provided. The route is well-marked and always one-way. On marked sections, those riding slower can be overtaken. The single-track is achievable virtually for every amateur of two wheels. Each section, whose difficulty level is marked with a relevant colour, constitutes a loop which can be joined in points marked on the map. The routes run in the Zajęcznik Mountain massif and around the Czerniawska Kopa Mountain. In the event of technical problems with a bike, on the Czech side (near Nové Město pod Smrkem), there is also a bike repair and maintenance station with a shop for cyclists. Tourists can also have a rest here and take advantage of catering facilities.

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hiking in the mountains

Świeradów offers excellent conditions for mountain hiking. From the spa, following marked hiking trails, one can reach many interesting destinations in the Izerskie Mountains. The majority of trails start at the corner of Parkowa and Zdrojowa Streets. The following ones are worth paying attention to: • Red trail leading to the Stóg Izerski Mountain − time needed to walk the trail in both directions is around 3.5 hours. On the Stóg Izerski Mountain there is a mountain shelter run by the Polish Tourist and Sightseeing Society (1075 m above sea level).

• Green trail to the Smrk Mountain − time needed to walk the trail in both directions is around 5 hours. At the top of Smrk (1124 m above sea level), a watchtower has been built, from where one can admire a panoramic view of the Czech side of the Izerskie Mountains.

• Green trail to Czerniawa-Zdrój − time needed to walk the trail in both directions is around 3 hours. The walking route runs through the Zajęcznik Mountain (595 m above sea level). In Czerniawa, it is worth paying attention to the Lusatian architecture of huts dating back to the 19th century and

visiting the Spring House dating back to 1910.

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• Blue trail to the Sępia Góra Mountain − time needed to walk the trail in both directions is around 2 hours. The trail runs in the Kwisa River Valley; this river has its source at the height of 940 m, on the north-western slope of the Izerskie Garby Mountain and falls into the Bóbr River near Żagań. From the top of the Sępia Góra Mountain, one can admire a magnificent view of the Izerskie Plateau.

• Blue trail to the Izerska Pasture − time needed to walk the trail in both directions is around 4.5 hours. One can find there a floristic reserve “Izerskie Peatland” with relic specimen of dwarf birch, alpine juniper and blackberry. In winter, it is a perfect place for cross-country skiing. On the northern edge of the pasture, there is a mountain shelter “Mountaineers’ Hut”

• “In the footsteps of the Izerskie Mountains’ secrets” trail − the latest tourist route which comprises 14 marked stone boulders, situated by the major tour-ist attractions. Each of the stones has a hologram which needs to be copied. Having completed the trail, visitors are awarded with entries in the “Book of the Izerskie Mountains Explorers” and the “Explorer’s Certificate”.

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You will not be bored

In Świeradów-Zdrój, attractive events are held almost all year round: • March − October: Church Music Festival “Pro Musica Sacra” • May: “A Picnic in the Izerskie Mountains”

• June: “Bowling tournament”

• June: “Berliner Cup” − sports competition for the seniors • August: “European Meetings of Young Musicians”

• September: “Czerniawa repast” • September: “Military Band Festival” • September: “Bike Marathon”

• October: “International Meetings with Early Music”.

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Černá hora Granicznik 870 Černá hora Černá hora Granicznik 870 Černá hora Černá hora Měděnec Rapická hora Granicznik 870 Černá hora Czerniawska Kopa 776 777 Sviňský vrch 756 Závorník 697 708 Stóg Izerski 1108 Świeradowiec 1037 Sępia Góra 828 Smrk 1124 Hřebenáč 566 522 Nad nádražím Granicznik 870 Jizera 1122 Černá hora 1085 Smědavská hora

G Ó R Y

I Z E R S K I E

1084 Ořesnik 800 Černá hora Granicznik 870 Černá hora Černá hora Granicznik 870 Černá hora Černá hora Měděnec Rapická hora Granicznik 870 Černá hora Czerniawska Kopa 776 777 Sviňský vrch 756 Závorník 697 708 Stóg Izerski 1108 Świeradowiec 1037 Sępia Góra 828 Smrk 1124 Hřebenáč 566 522 Nad nádražím Granicznik 870 Jizera 1122 Černá hora 1085 Smědavská hora

G Ó R Y

I Z E R S K I E

1084 Ořesnik 800 Orłowice Krobica Gierczyn Przecznica Mlądz Rębiszów PODGÓRNA GÓRNA DROŻYNA KAMIENIEC GÓRECZNO Gierałtówek Wola Sokołowska Detřichovec Unięcice Srbská Bulovka Świecie Pobiedna Wolimierz Kamień Mroczkowice

MIRSK

Brzeziniec Rębiszów Dolny Przygonia Lasek Kotlina Radoszków Drwale Karłowiec Wola Augustowska Giebułtów Augustow Bartoszówka Zacisze Proszówka Młyńsko Stara Skiba Nowa Skiba Giebułtówek Barcie Chałupska Kolonia Świecie Chałupniki Troszczyn Grądy Baranów

NOVÉ MĚSTO

POD SMRKEM

HEJNICE

Bílý Potok

RASPENAVA

Ludvíkov pod Smrkem ULICKO GRANICZNA ŁĘCZYNA CZERNIAWA--ZDRÓJ Lázně Libverda Ferdinandov Přebytek Peklo Luh Lužec Hajniště

ŚWIERADÓW-ZDRÓJ

niec zynn a lin ia ko lejow a SKARBKÓW PRZYDATKI CHAŁUPKI Jizerka Kristiánov Nová Louka Orłowice Krobica Gierczyn Przecznica Mlądz Rębiszów PODGÓRNA GÓRNA DROŻYNA KAMIENIEC GÓRECZNO Gierałtówek Wola Sokołowska Detřichovec Unięcice Srbská Bulovka Świecie Pobiedna Wolimierz Kamień Mroczkowice

MIRSK

Brzeziniec Rębiszów Dolny Przygonia Lasek Kotlina Radoszków Drwale Karłowiec Wola Augustowska Giebułtów Augustow Bartoszówka Zacisze Proszówka Młyńsko Stara Skiba Nowa Skiba Giebułtówek Barcie Chałupska Kolonia Świecie Chałupniki Troszczyn Grądy Baranów

NOVÉ MĚSTO

POD SMRKEM

HEJNICE

Bílý Potok

RASPENAVA

Ludvíkov pod Smrkem ULICKO GRANICZNA ŁĘCZYNA CZERNIAWA--ZDRÓJ Lázně Libverda Ferdinandov Přebytek Peklo Luh Lužec Hajniště

ŚWIERADÓW-ZDRÓJ

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Jizerk a

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Singltrek Centrum Wieża Gersdorfa (Obserwatorium astronomiczne) Grota Dom Zdrojowy Na Stogu Izerskim ruiny kościoła Chatka Górzystów Hala Izerska PTSM Halny ruiny pałacu Czarci Młyn Zamek Świecie Zamek Gryf Żywy Skansen Paličník wieża widokowa pomnik Körnera Muzeum Szklarstwa Muzeum Gór Izerskich Šamalova chata wieża widokowa

ruiny kościoła św. Jakuba

ruiny pałacu Zamek Świecie

GEOPARK – śladami dawnego górnictwa kruszców Singltrek Centrum Wieża Gersdorfa (Obserwatorium astronomiczne) Grota Dom Zdrojowy Na Stogu Izerskim ruiny kościoła Chatka Górzystów Hala Izerska PTSM Halny ruiny pałacu Czarci Młyn Zamek Świecie Zamek Gryf Żywy Skansen Paličník wieża widokowa pomnik Körnera Muzeum Szklarstwa Muzeum Gór Izerskich Šamalova chata wieża widokowa

ruiny kościoła św. Jakuba

ruiny pałacu Zamek Świecie

GEOPARK – śladami dawnego górnictwa kruszców

Hřebenáč

Novoměstská

strana Rapický okruh

Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Czarci Młyn Zajęcznik 776 776 776 776 776 776 776 776 776 776 776 776 776 776 776 776 776 776 776 Nad Czerniawą Okolo Měděnce Asfaltový traverz Libverdská strana Ludvikovsky traverz Obora Okolo Měděnce Okolo Měděnce Nástupní Kamenný vrch Přírodní park Peklo Torfowiska Rašeliniště Tišina Paličník Jizerkohorské bučiny

Ptači kupy Černa Jezirka

Rybi loučky Jizery Rašeliniště Jizerky Prales Jizera Doliny Izery Nová Louka Nová Louka Černá hora Kamenný vrch Přírodní park Peklo Torfowiska Rašeliniště Tišina Paličník Jizerkohorské bučiny

Ptači kupy Černa Jezirka

Rybi loučky Jizery Rašeliniště Jizerky Prales Jizera Doliny Izery Nová Louka Nová Louka Černá hora

JINDŘICHOVICE

POD SMRKEM

HORNÍ ŘASNICE

DOLNÍ ŘASNICE

KRÁSNỲ LES

ŘASNICE

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Legenda

drogi główne z numerami (Polska / Czechy) pozostałe drogi utwardzone linia kolejowa ze stacją

szlaki piesze

Szlaki rowerowe „Singletrek pod Smrkem” (stopień trudności)

granice obszarów chronionych granice państwa ważniejsze szlaki rowerowe dla wszystkich łatwy średnio trudny średnio trudny (droga leśna) wody lasy stacje benzynowe parkingi służba zdrowia policja straż pożarna hotele informacja turystyczna muzea zabytkowe kościoły inne zabytki architektury poczty

pola namiotowe / campingi kąpieliska / plaże inne interesujące miejsca

rezerwaty przyrody kolej gondolowa pomniki / miejca pamięci schroniska tereny zabudowane

433 290

granice obszarów chronionych

ContACt detAils

ContACt detAils

Gmina Świeradów-Zdrój

ul. 11 listopada 35 59-850 Świeradów-Zdrój tel. +48 75 78 16 489 e-mail: it@swieradowzdroj.pl www.swieradowzdroj.pl

nadleśnictwo Świeradów

ul. 11 listopada 1 59-850 Świeradów-Zdrój tel. +48 75 78 16 333 e-mail: swieradow@wroclaw.lasy.gov.pl www.wroclaw.lasy.gov.pl/swieradow

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publisher:

Ministry of Regional Development ul. Wspólna 2/4, 00-926 Warszawa www.mrr.gov.pl

www.funduszeeuropejskie.gov.pl

Department of Information, Promotion and Training Tel. +48 22 273 74 00

ISBN: 978-83-7610-420-1

producer:

Smartlink Sp. z o.o. ul. Zjazd 2/4, 60-653 Poznań Tel. +48 61 849 90 40 E-mail: biuro@smartlink.pl www.smartlink.pl

Co-ordination: Joanna Gontarz editing: Joanna Gontarz, Iwona Gutowska graphic design & page layout: Nina Dereszewicz texts: Andrzej Szoszkiewicz

photos: janusz Tatarkiewicz, Michał Jurewicz, Tomasz Chmielowiec/ Świeradów Town Hall, Wiesław Krzewina, Katarzyna Męcina, Anastazja Rams, Szymon Witkowski translation: KR Translations, www.krtranslations.pl

proofs: Terence Riley

Free copy

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