topic sentences A complete sentence that expresses the main idea of a paragraph

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A complete sentence that expresses the main idea of a paragraph

It answers questions like why, how, or where.

It has supporting sentences or relevant details.

It can prove, explain, or describe something.

topic

sentences

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Paragraph Example:

Plastic straws are being eliminated from restaurants. Since pollution has a negative impact on marine wildlife, many companies are taking action. The focus is on straws

because most people forget they can be recycled or think they are too small to make a difference. Even when straws get

recycled, they often don’t make it all the way through the recycling sorter because they are so small. The straws become

pollution and find their way to our oceans.

That is why you might not get offered a straw in some restaurants.

topic

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A topic sentence is a _____________________

sentence that expresses the ___________ idea of the paragraph.

• It answers ___________________ like why, how, or where.

• It has supporting sentences or _____________

details.

• It can prove, explain, or __________________

something.

Topic Sentence

©P.Olivieri (Rockin Resources)

COMPLETE MAIN

QUESTIONS

RELEVANT DESCRIBE

Topic sentence:

______________________________________ ___________

___________________________________ ______________

We were watching it on a big screen. The surround sound speakers made it come alive. The buttered popcorn was delicious!

Topic sentence:

______________________________________ ___________

________________________________________ _________

I watched them dig out a large hole. They used a crane to place it in the ground. Then they hooked up the plumbing and poured water in it.

Use the clues in the

example to help make the topic sentence. -->

Use the clues in the

example to help make the topic sentence. -->

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Topic Sentence

Highlight a topic sentence in each paragraph below.

The Gobi Desert is one of the world’s largest deserts. Located in China, it covers a vast region of more than a thousand miles. It is a harsh, unforgiving climate where few plants can survive.

Compared to the rest of China, which is home to over a billion people, the population density of the Gobi Desert is small. Only an average of three people per square mile lives in the Gobi. Many of them are descended from Han Chinese and Mongolians. Perhaps it is because they have always grown up in the desert environment that these people can survive life in the Gobi Desert.

The mind is the storehouse for information. It is amazing how much our memories retain, from basic facts to deeply personal memories. Mnemonic devices are one way the people help retain information. With the advent of fast-paced technology, our brains are bombarded with more facts and information than ever before. A mnemonic device is simply a phrase, acronym, or visual image that relates to longer and more complex pieces of information. One popular mnemonic device is “HOMES.” This short word is a mnemonic device that helps people recall the names of the Great Lakes. Saying HOMES is much simpler than saying, “Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, and Superior.” Another popular mnemonic is RICE- which doesn’t refer to the grain! Instead, it helps people remember a simple first aid procedure when someone has sprained or injured a limb. It stands for Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevate. In a crisis, mnemonics spring more easily to mind than longer phrases, yet they convey the same information. Mnemonic devices are going to become increasingly in demand as our exposure to information grows.

When you think of Cleopatra, many people think of a woman in a gold head dress with a lot of eye makeup. They may view her as some sort of temptress after watching various movie portrayals. Cleopatra may have been a beauty, and she most likely did wear gold and heavy eye makeup called “kohl,” as did many females in noble families. However, Cleopatra was more than just a pretty face. She was a gifted student who spoke multiple languages. She understood politics and battle strategies, as well as math and science. Because she was a female, many people overlooked her in a time when men held most of the power. Cleopatra didn’t settle for that. She refused to be co-ruler with her brother or other siblings, even going to war with them to secure a position of power. She knew how to surround herself with powerful allies, like the Roman leader Julius Caesar and the Roman general Mark Antony. Cleopatra is iconic for her beauty and for some of the scandalous dealings she had in her life. In reality, we ought to recognize her just as much for her power as a leader and strategician.

I’ll never forget my first visit to Park Academy. I was only eleven, and most of the kids were in high school. But my mother assured me I would fit in at last. Park Academy didn’t care how you looked or dressed. They cared about what you could do. When I walked into the great corridors, dozens of eyes swept over me. They were not friendly, nor were they unkind. They were simply curious, reserving judgment. In a few minutes, I was shown to an auditorium where a piano waited, and then I sat down to play. When I stopped, the halls were filled with applause. The kids at Park Academy valued my gifts as a musician and overlooked my young age and scrawny frame. I knew that I had finally found where I belonged.

Uncle Arnie has to be my favorite relative. He tells bad jokes that make you groan, and he always wears plaid shirts and baggy pants. He doesn’t look like a cool person, but he’s the best guy I know. He is never too busy to listen to you. He’ll laugh at any joke you tell. He’ll get down on the floor and play with toddlers or jump around and play air guitar to the latest pop music my teenage sisters listen to. Uncle Arnie is unashamedly himself, and that’s why I love him so much. I want to be like him when I grow up-but I think I’ll skip the plaid shirts!

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Topic Sentence

Name ________________________

Create a topic sentence for each prompt below.

1. Should we always serve turkey at Thanksgiving?

_____________________________________________________________________________

2. Tell a story set in the future when every home has a robotic assistant.

_____________________________________________________________________________

3. Explain the benefits of owning your own business.

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4. Harry was born blind and is finally able to see after an operation. Describe his first moments of sight.

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5. You’re a spy with minutes to pass off super secret documents, but bad guys are watching you. How will you cleverly outsmart them?

_____________________________________________________________________________

6. Write a paragraph about the rainforests in South America.

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7. If you could be any animal, what would you be?

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8. What is Black Friday and how did it start?

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©P.Olivieri (Rockin Resources)

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