! "! #
$% ! "!& ! & $ ! ' ! " ! # ! $ " % & ' (" ) ' " & " & ' & * ( ! " + ' * , - " . " & " / " ( " + * " ! 0 1 & & 233' ' ' *" * * * 3 3% & ' 3 3 ! 3 3 & 3" * +* ( ' ! " " + & ! 0 ' ! "" * ( ' " " ! ! ' ' ' 4 * 1 & & 5 6 4 / 707//07# 8 9 / 70# :0; / )* ' & " ! " 2
Part Page Old Page New Table Revised Section or Description
00 i – ii i – ii Title Sheet Added “Revision 1” to the title page, with the related dates; and updated the website addresses shown on the back of the sheet.
00 iii iii Preface Revised the second paragraph to incorporate a reference to Revision 2 of the national MUTCD. Also updated the web address in the sixth paragraph.
[Reprinted page iv as part of the double-sided Revision package.]
00 v v Addresses for
Publications Referenced in the OMUTCD
Updated the web address for the FHWA Office of Transportation Operations.
[Reprinted page vi as part of the double-sided Revision package.]
I I-1 –
I-2 I-1 – I-2 Introduction Reprinted these two pages as part of the Revision Set. I I-3 –
I-6 I-3 – I-6 Introduction On page I-3 added a new item related to the change in Section 2A.09. Text shifted on pages I-4 through I-6.
I I-7 I-7 Table I-1 Added information about Revision 1.
I I-8 I-8 Table I-2 Added information about Revision 1.
1 1A-8 1A-8 Section 1A.11 After the fifth paragraph, added a new paragraph that discusses the availability of the publication entitled “Maintaining Traffic Sign Retroreflectivity.”
[Reprinted page 1A-7 as part of the double-sided Revision package.]
2 2TC-1 –
2TC-10 2TC-1 – 2TC-10 Part 2 TOC Updated the Table of Contents for Part 2, and reprinted it in total as part of the Revision package.
2 2A-5 2A-5 –
2A-6 Section 2A.09 Revised the title of the section to “Maintaining Minimum Retroreflectivity,” and replaced the text of the Section.
2 - 2A-7 Table 2A-3 Added a new Table 2A-3 entitled “Minimum Maintained
Page Page Table Revised
2 2A-6 2A-8 Section 2A.11 Revised the reference to “Table 2A-4” in the second paragraph to “Table 2A-5.”
2 2A-6 2A-8 Section 2A.12 In the first line of the second paragraph, revised “for up to five different sizes” to “for various sizes.”
2 2A-7 2A-9 Table 2A-3 Revised the Table number to “Table 2A-4.”
2 2A-8 2A-10 Table 2A-4 Revised the Table number to “Table 2A-5.”
2 2A-9 –
2A-15 2A-11 – 2A-17 - With the addition of new Table 2A-3, the page numbers changed. Reprinted pages 2A-11 through 2A-17 as part of the Revision package.
2 2A-16 2A-18 Section 2A.22 In the first paragraph, revised the first sentence and added a cross-reference to Section 2A.09.
2 2B-1 2B-1 Section 2B.02 In the first paragraph, revised “Tables 2A-3 and 2A-4” to “Tables 2A-4 and 2A-5.”
[Reprinted page B-2 as part of the double-sided Revision package.]
2 2E-20 2E-20 Section 2E.28 In the fourth paragraph, corrected “40 m” to “40 km.” [Reprinted page 2E-19 as part of the double-sided Revision package.]
2 2E-30 –
2E-31 2E-30 – 2E-31 Section 2E.34 In the Section title and the first and last paragraphs of the Section, revised the sign code numbers H2” and “E5-H2a” to “E5-H1b” and “E5-H1c,” respectively.
[Reprinted pages 2E-29 and 2E-32 as part of the double-sided Revision package.]
2 2F-1 2F-1 Section 2F.01 Revised the sixth paragraph to “Eligible gas, food, lodging, camping and attraction services shall be located in
accordance with the distance criteria established by ODOT.” Revised to address anticipated rules changes for the Ohio Logo Program.
[Reprinted page 2F-2 as part of the double-sided Revision package.]
6 6F-2 6F-2 Section 6F.02 In the first paragraph on page 6F-2, revised “Table 2A-4” to “Table 2A-5” in two places.
[Reprinted page 6F-1 as part of the double-sided Revision package.]
6 6H-2 6H-2 Table 6H-1 In the description for TA-27, in the third row from the bottom on page 6H-2, corrected the spelling of “Intersection.” [Reprinted page 6H-1 as part of the double-sided Revision package.]
6 6H-18 6H-18 Notes for Figure
6H-7 In the first line of item 5, corrected “less than” to “more than.” [Reprinted page 6H-17 as part of the double-sided Revision package.]
C-26 C-23 – C-26 Appendix C – Guide Signs- Freeways…
On page C-23, revised the sign code numbers for “E5-H2” and “E5-H2a” to “E5-H1b” and “E5-H1c,” respectively. On page C-26, corrected the title by changing the font color from blue to black.
[Reprinted pages C-24 and C-25 as part of the double-sided Revision package.]
December 23, 2009
Effective January 15, 2010
Ohio Department of Transportation
Office of Traffic Engineering
Ohio Department of Transportation
Office of Traffic Engineering
1980 W. Broad St., P.O. Box 899
Columbus, OH 43216-0899Web addresses:
ODOT: http://www.dot.state.oh.us/pages/home.aspx Office of Traffic Engineering:
http://www.dot.state.oh.us/Divisions/HighwayOps/Traffic/Pages/OTEHomePage.aspx ODOT Publications (Design Reference Resource Center):
To purchase a copy of this manual, contact the ODOT Office of Contracts at the above address, or by phone at 1-800-459-3778. This Manual is currently provided free to State and local
government agencies, and public libraries; however, this may change without notice. An Equal Opportunity Employer
2005 Edition - Revision 1 Page iii
OMUTCD – English units are preferred.
The “Ohio Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways” (OMUTCD) has been established to provide a safe, uniform and efficient system of traffic control devices on all public streets and highways within the State of Ohio. This Manual was prepared pursuant to Section 4511.09 of the Ohio Revised Code (see Appendix B2). Standards described within this Manual may also be used by private agencies on facilities they control. In fact, it is recommended that such be done to encourage uniformity in the meaning of traffic control devices throughout the State.
This Manual is in substantial conformance with the 2003 Edition of the “Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways” (MUTCD) as published by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and updated with Revision Numbers 1 and 2 incorporated, dated December 2007. Most of the text of the OMUTCD is identical to that of the national MUTCD, while some has been modified to meet State laws or to more closely reflect conditions and policies in Ohio. References in this Manual to State Statutes should be understood to refer to the Ohio Revised Code (O.R.C.).
Text in this Manual that is different from that in the MUTCD is shown using Arial font. For example, the text on this page is in Arial font. Text based on the MUTCD (except for Figures and Tables) is shown using Times font. See the address for AASHTO on the next page for an example of Times font. When text in the OMUTCD is a quote from the O.R.C. it is shown in italic Arial font.
The OMUTCD uses a dual system of units, showing both Metric and English units. In Ohio, English units are the preferred system. Metric units are not used on traffic control signs. A reminder note has been included in the footer for each chapter.
Detail drawings for traffic control signs, along with supplemental details pertaining to standard signs and designable guide signs, can be found in the “Sign Design Manual” published by the Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT). The pavement marking alphabet and symbols are also shown in the “Sign Design Manual.”
Contact information for ordering the OMUTCD is provided on page ii. The OMUTCD, the ODOT “Traffic Engineering Manual” (TEM), and other ODOT publications are also available from the ODOT website at www.dot.state.oh.us/drrc/Pages/default/aspx.
Improved designs and devices, signs for special applications and variations from standard sign designs and sizes which may be developed after the publication date of this Manual may be used in research or on an experimental basis. However, all such research and/or experimentation with new designs should be coordinated through ODOT (see Section 1A.10).
Addresses for Publications Referenced in the OMUTCD
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) 444 North Capitol Street, NW, Suite 225
Washington, DC 20001 www.transportation.org
American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association (AREMA) 8201 Corporate Drive, Suite 1125
Landover, MD 20785-2230 www.arema.org
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) 400 Seventh Street, SW, HOTO
Washington, DC 20590 www.fhwa.dot.gov
for the MUTCD: http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/ Federal Highway Administration Report Center 9701 Philadelphia Court, Unit Q
Lanham, MD 20706
Facsimile number: 301.577.1421 E-mail: email@example.com lluminating Engineering Society (IES) 120 Wall Street, Floor 17
New York, NY 10005 www.iesna.org
Institute of Makers of Explosives 1120 19th Street, NW, Suite 310 Washington, DC 20036-3605 www.ime.org
Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) 1099 14th Street, NW, Suite 300 West Washington, DC 20005-3438
International Organization for Standardization c/o Mr. Gerard Kuso
Austrian Standards Institute Heinestrabe 38
Postfach 130 A-1021
Wien, Austria www.iso.ch
ISEA - The International Safety Equipment Association 1901 North Moore Street, Suite 808
Arlington, VA 22209 www.safetyequipment.org
2005 Edition - Revision 1 Page v
OMUTCD – English units are preferred. National Committee on Uniform Traffic Laws and Ordinances (NCUTLO) 107 SouthWest Street, Suite 110
Alexandria, VA 22314 www.ncutlo.org
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) U.S. Department of Labor
200 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20210 www.osha.gov
Office of Transportation Operations Federal Highway Administration 400 Seventh Street, SW Washington, DC 20590
www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/siteindex.htm Transportation Research Board (TRB) The National Academies
2101 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20418
U.S. Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (The U.S. Access Board) 1331 F Street, NW, Suite 1000
Washington, DC 20004-1111 www.access-board.gov Acknowledgments
The Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT) gratefully acknowledges the valuable assistance provided by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), the Ohio Section of the Institute of Transportation Engineers (Ohio ITE), the County Engineers Association of Ohio (CEAO), the Ohio Contractor’s Association (OCA) and other transportation professionals in the development of this Manual.
2005 Edition Page I - 1
OMUTCD – English units are preferred.
OHIO MANUAL OF UNIFORM TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES
As noted in Section 4511.01(QQ) of the Ohio Revised Code (O.R.C.), traffic control devices shall mean:
all flaggers, signs, signals, markings, and devices placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic, including signs denoting names of streets and highways.
The “Ohio Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices” (OMUTCD) has been developed pursuant to Section 4511.09 of the O.R.C. to establish standards for the use of traffic control devices in the State of Ohio. Sections 4511.10 and 4511.11 of the O.R.C. address the responsibilities that ODOT and local highway authorities have to place and maintain traffic control devices on all highways within their respective jurisdictions in conformance with the OMUTCD (see Appendix B2).
Any traffic control device design or application provision contained in this Manual shall be considered to be in the public domain. Traffic control devices contained in this Manual shall not be protected by a patent, trademark, or copyright, except for the Interstate Shield and any other items owned by FHWA.
The need for uniform standards was recognized long ago. Ohio published its first recorded uniform traffic control standards manual in 1924, and subsequent editions and revisions of the Ohio Manual have in large part been updates to conform to changes in the national standards (see Table I-1). To encourage national uniformity, the American Association of State Highway Officials (AASHO), now known as the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), published a manual for rural
highways in 1927, and the National Conference on Street and Highway Safety (NCSHS) published a manual for urban streets in 1930. To meet the need for unification of the standards applicable to the different classes of road and street systems, a joint committee of AASHO and NCSHS developed and published the original edition of the national Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) in 1935. That committee, now called the National Committee on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (NCUTCD), though changed from time to time in name, organization, and personnel, has been in continuous existence and has contributed to periodic revisions of the national Manual. However, since 1971 the FHWA has administered the national MUTCD.
The U.S. Secretary of Transportation, under authority granted by the Highway Safety Act of 1966, decreed that traffic control devices on all streets and highways open to public travel in accordance with 23 U.S.C. 109(d) and 402(a) in each State shall be in substantial conformance with the Standards issued or endorsed by the Federal Highway Administration(FHWA).
23 CFR (Code of Federal Regulations) 655.603 adopts FHWA’s “Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices” (MUTCD) as the national standard for any street, highway, or bicycle trail open to public travel in accordance with 23 U.S.C. 109(d) and 402(a).
Section 4511.09 of the Ohio Revised Code (see Appendix B2) requires the “Ohio Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices” to “correlate with, and so far as possible conform to” FHWA’s national MUTCD.
The Standard, Guidance, Option, and Support material described in the OMUTCD provide the
transportation professional with the information needed to make appropriate decisions regarding the use of traffic control devices on streets and highways. The material in this Manual is organized to differentiate between Standards that must be satisfied for the particular circumstances of a situation, Guidances that
should be followed for the particular circumstances of a situation, and Options that may be applicable for the particular circumstances of a situation.
Throughout this Manual the headings Standard, Guidance, Option, and Support are used to classify the nature of the text that follows. Figures, tables, and illustrations supplement the text and might constitute a Standard, Guidance, Option, or Support. The user needs to refer to the appropriate text to classify the nature of the figure, table, or illustration.
When used in this Manual, the text headings shall be defined as follows:
1. Standard—a statement of required, mandatory, or specifically prohibitive practice regarding a traffic control device. All standards are labeled, and the text appears in bold type. The verb “shall” is typically used. Standards are sometimes modified by Options.
2. Guidance—a statement of recommended, but not mandatory, practice in typical situations, with deviations allowed if engineering judgment or engineering study indicates the deviation to be appropriate. All Guidance statements are labeled, and the text appears in unbold type. The verb “should” is typically used. Guidance statements are sometimes modified by Options. 3. Option—a statement of practice that is a permissive condition and carries no requirement or
recommendation. Options may contain allowable modifications to a Standard or Guidance. All Option statements are labeled, and the text appears in unbold type. The verb “may” is typically used.
4. Support—an informational statement that does not convey any degree of mandate,
recommendation, authorization, prohibition, or enforceable condition. Support statements are labeled, and the text appears in unbold type. The verbs “shall,” “should,” and “may” are not used in Support statements.
Throughout this Manual dimensions, distances, etc. are provided in both the International System of Units, a modernized version of the Metric system, and the English equivalent units (shown in parentheses). Standard:
The preferred system of measurement shall be English units. Metric legends shall not be used on traffic control signs.
If the public agency should decide to use the International System of Units (Metric) the chosen units should be specified on plan drawings. The chosen unit of measurement should be made known to those responsible for designing, installing, or maintaining traffic control devices.
Except when a specific numeral is required by the text of a Section of this Manual, numerals shown on the sign images in the figures that specify quantities such as times, distances, speed limits, and weights should be regarded as examples only. When installing any of these signs, the numerals should be appropriately altered to fit the specific signing situation.
The following information will be useful when reference is being made to a specific portion of text in this Manual.
There are ten Parts in this Manual and each Part is comprised of one or more Chapters. Each Chapter is comprised of one or more Sections. Parts are given a numerical identification, such as Part 2-Signs. Chapters are identified by the Part number and a letter, such as Chapter 2B-Regulatory Signs. Sections are identified by the Chapter number and letter followed by a decimal point and a number, such as Section 2B.03-Size of Regulatory Signs.
Each Section is comprised of one or more paragraphs. The paragraphs are indented but are not identified by a number or letter. Paragraphs are counted from the beginning of each Section without regard to the
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intervening text headings (Standard, Guidance, Option, or Support). Some paragraphs have lettered or numbered items. As an example of how to cite this Manual, the phrase “Not less than 12 m (40 ft) beyond the stop line” that appears on Page 4D-15 of this Manual would be referenced in writing as “Section 4D.15, P7, D1(a),” and would be verbally referenced as “Item D1(a) of Paragraph 7 of Section 4D.15.”
The MUTCD published by FHWA states that: “In accordance with 23 CFR 655.603(b)(1), States or other Federal agencies that have their own MUTCDs or Supplements shall revise these MUTCDs or Supplements to be in substantial conformance with changes to the National MUTCD within 2 years of issuance of the changes. Unless a particular device is no longer serviceable, non-compliant devices on existing highways and bikeways shall be brought into compliance with the current edition of the National MUTCD as part of the systematic upgrading of substandard traffic control devices (and installation of new required traffic control devices) required pursuant to the Highway Safety Program, 23 U.S.C. § 402(a). In cases involving Federal-aid projects for new highway or bikeway construction or reconstruction, the traffic control devices installed (temporary or permanent) shall be in conformance with the most recent edition of the National MUTCD before that highway is opened or re-opened to the public for unrestricted travel [23 CFR
655.603(d)(2)]. The FHWA has the authority to establish other target compliance dates for implementation of particular changes to the MUTCD [23 CFR 655.603(d)(4)].”
The target compliance dates established by the FHWA are as follows (the Part, Chapter and Section references noted correspond directly to Parts, Chapters and Sections in the OMUTCD):
Section 2A.09 Maintaining Minimum Retroreflectivity – new section effective January 22, 2008:
• 4 years for implementation and continued use of an assessment or management method that is
designed to maintain traffic sign retroreflectivity at or above the established minimum levels;
• 7 years for replacement of regulatory, warning, and ground-mounted guide (except street name)
signs that are identified using the assessment or management method as failing to meet the established minimum levels; and
• 10 years for replacement of street name signs and overhead guide signs that are identified using the
assessment or management method as failing to meet the established minimum levels.
Section 2A.19 Lateral Offset—crashworthiness of sign supports—January 17, 2013 for roads with posted speed limit of 80 km/h (50 mph) or higher.
Section 2B.03 Size of Regulatory Signs—increased sign sizes and other changes to Table 2B-1—December 22, 2013.
Section 2B.04 STOP Sign (R1-1)—4-WAY plaque requirement—January 17, 2004.
Section 2B.06 STOP Sign Placement—signs mounted on back of STOP sign—December 22, 2013. Section 2B.09 YIELD Sign Applications—changes in YIELD sign application criteria from the 1988
MUTCD—January 17, 2011.
Section 2B.10 YIELD Sign Placement—signs mounted on back of YIELD sign—December 22, 2013. Section 2B.11 Yield Here to Pedestrians Signs (R1-5, R1-5a)—new section—December 22, 2013.
Section 2B.13 Speed Limit Sign (R2-1)—color of changeable message legend of YOUR SPEED legend— December 22, 2013.
Section 2B.25 Reversible Lane Control Signs (R3-9d, R3-9f through R3-9i)—removal of R3-9c and R3-9e signs—December 22, 2013.
Section 2B.26 Preferential Only Lane Signs (R3-10 through R3-15)—December 22, 2013.
Section 2B.27 Preferential Only Lanes for High-Occupancy Vehicles (HOVs)—new section in Millennium Edition—January 17, 2007.
Section 2B.28 Preferential Only Lane Sign Applications and Placement—December 22, 2013.
Section 2B.37 ONE WAY Signs (R6-1, R6-2)—placement requirement at intersecting alleys—January 17, 2008.
Section 2B.46 Photo Enforced Signs (R10-18, R10-19)—new section—December 22, 2013.
Section 2C.04 Size of Warning Signs—increased sizes of W4-1, W5-2, W6-3, and W12-1 signs—January 17, 2008.
Section 2C.04 Size of Warning Signs—sizes of W1 Series Arrows signs, W7 Series truck runaway signs, W12-2p low clearance signs, and W10-1 advance grade crossing sign—December 22, 2013.
Section 2C.11 Truck Rollover Warning Signs (W1-13, W1-13a)—new section—December 22, 2013. Section 2C.16 NARROW BRIDGE Sign (W5-2)—elimination of symbol sign—December 22, 2013. Section 2C.25 PAVEMENT ENDS Sign (W8-3)—removal of symbol sign—January 17, 2011.
Section 2C.26 Shoulder Signs (W8-4, W8-9, and W8-9a)—removal of symbol signs—January 17, 2011. Section 2C.30 Speed Reduction Signs (W3-5, W3-5a)—removal of R2-5 Series Reduced Speed Ahead signs
and use of W3-5 or W3-5a warning signs instead—December 22, 2018.
Section 2C.31 Merge Signs (W4-1, W4-5)—Entering Roadway Merge sign (W4-1a)—December 22, 2013. Section 2C.32 Added Lane Signs (W4-3, W4-6)—Entering Roadway Added Lane sign (W4-3a)—December
Section 2C.33 Lane Ends Signs (W4-2, W9-1, W9-2)—new design of W4-2 sign—December 22, 2013. Section 2C.34 Two-Way Traffic Sign (W6-3)—transition from one-way street—December 22, 2008. Section 2C.37 Intersection Warning Signs 1 through W2-6)—new design of Circular Intersection
(W2-6) sign—December 22, 2013.
Section 2C.40 Vehicular Traffic Signs (W8-6, W11-1, W11-5, W11-5a, W11-6, W11-8, W11-10, W11-11, W11-12, W11-14)—new symbol signs W11-1, W11-5, W11-5a, W11-6, W11-11, and W11-14— December 22, 2013.
Section 2C.41 Nonvehicular Signs (W11-2, W11-3, W11-4, W11-7, W11-9)—elimination of crosswalk lines from crossing signs and use of diagonal downward pointing arrow supplemental plaque (W16-7) if at the crossing—January 17, 2011.
Section 2C.53 PHOTO ENFORCED Plaque (W16-10)—new section—December 22, 2013.
Section 2D.38 Street Name Sign (D3-1)—symbol sizes, 150 mm (6 in) letter sizes for lettering on ground-mounted Street Name signs on roads that are not multi-lane streets with speed limits greater than 60 km/h (40 mph), other new provisions of Millennium Edition—January 9, 2012.
Section 2D.38 Street Name Sign (D3-1)—letter sizes on ground-mounted signs on multi-lane streets with speed limits greater than 60 km/h (40 mph) and letter sizes on overhead-mounted signs—December 22, 2018.
Section 2D.39 Advance Street Name Signs (D3-2)—new section in 2000 MUTCD and revisions in 2003 MUTCD—December 22, 2018.
Section 2D.45 General Service Signs (D9 Series)—Traveler Info Call 511 (D12-5) sign, Channel 9 Monitored (D12-3) sign—December 22, 2013.
Section 2D.46 Reference Location Signs (D10-1 through D10-3) and Intermediate Reference Location Signs (D10-1a through D10-3a)—location and spacing of Reference Location signs and design of Intermediate Reference Location signs—December 22, 2013.
Section 2E.28 Interchange Exit Numbering—size of exit number plaque—January 17, 2008.
Section 2E.28 Interchange Exit Numbering—LEFT on exit number plaques for left exits—December 22, 2018.
Section 2E.30 Advance Guide Signs—advance placement distance—January 17, 2008.
Section 2E.54 Reference Location Signs and Enhanced Reference Location Signs (D10-4, D10-5)—design of Enhanced Reference Location signs and Intermediate Enhanced Reference Location signs—
December 22, 2013.
Section 2E.59 Preferential Only Lane Signs—new section in 2003 Edition—December 22, 2013.
Section 2F.05 Size of Lettering—minimum height of letters and numerals on specific service signs—January 17, 2011.
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Section 2I.03 EVACUATION ROUTE Sign (EM-1)—new design and size of EM-1 sign—December 22, 2018.
Section 3B.01 Yellow Centerline Pavement Markings and Warrants—new section in Millennium Edition— January 3, 2003.
Section 3B.03 Other Yellow Longitudinal Pavement Markings—spacing requirements for pavement marking arrows in two-way left-turn lanes—December 22, 2008.
Section 3B.07 Warrants for Use of Edge Lines—new section in Millennium Edition—January 3, 2003. Section 3B.17 Crosswalk Markings—gap between transverse lines of a crosswalk—December 22, 2013. Section 3B.19 Pavement Word and Symbol Markings—typical spacing of lane-use arrows in two-way
left-turn lanes shown in Figure 3B-7—December 22, 2008.
Section 3C.01 Object Marker Design and Placement Height—width of stripes on Type 3 striped marker— December 22, 2013.
Section 4D.01 General—location of signalized midblock crosswalks—December 22, 2013.
Section 4D.05 Application of Steady Signal Indications—Item B.4 in STANDARD—December 22, 2008. Section 4D.12 Flashing Operation of Traffic Control Signals—duration of steady red clearance interval in
change from red-red flashing mode to steady (stop-and-go) mode—December 22, 2013.
Section 4E.06 Accessible Pedestrian Signals—new section in Millennium Edition—January 17, 2005. Section 4E.07 Countdown Pedestrian Signals—new section—December 22, 2013 for countdown pedestrian
signal hardware; December 22, 2006 for operational requirements of countdown pedestrian signals. Section 4E.09 Accessible Pedestrian Signal Detectors—new section in Millennium Edition—January 17,
Section 4E.10 Pedestrian Intervals and Signal Phases—pedestrian clearance time sufficient to travel to far side of the traveled way—December 22, 2008.
Section 5C.05 NARROW BRIDGE Sign (W5-2)—elimination of symbol sign—December 22, 2013. Section 6D.01 Pedestrian Considerations—all new provisions for pedestrian accessibility—December 22,
Section 6D.02 Accessibility Considerations—December 22, 2008.
Section 6D.03 Worker Safety Considerations—high-visibility apparel requirements—December 22, 2006. Section 6E.02 High-Visibility Safety Apparel—high-visibility apparel requirements for flaggers—December
Section 6F.03 Sign Placement—crashworthiness of sign supports—January 17, 2005. Section 6F.58 Channelizing Devices—crashworthiness—January 17, 2005.
Section 6F.59 Cones—width of retroreflective stripes—December 22, 2008. Section 6F.63 Type I, II, or III Barricades—crashworthiness—January 17, 2005.
Section 6F.66 Longitudinal Channelizing Barricades—crashworthiness—January 17, 2005. Section 6F.82 Crash Cushions—crashworthiness—January 17, 2005.
Section 7B.08 School Advance Warning Assembly (S1-1 with Supplemental Plaque)—use of AHEAD plaque (W16-9p) or distance plaque (W16-2 or W16-2a)—January 17, 2011.
Section 7B.09 School Crosswalk Warning Assembly (S1-1 with Diagonal Arrow)—elimination of crosswalk lines from crossing signs and use of diagonal downward pointing arrow supplemental plaque (W16-7) —January 17, 2011.
Section 7B.12 Reduced Speed School Zone Ahead Sign (S4-5, S4-5a)—December 22, 2018.
Section 7E.04 Uniform of Adult Crossing Guards and Student Patrols—requirement for high-visibility apparel for adult crossing guards—December 22, 2008.
Section 8B.03 Highway-Rail Grade Crossing (Crossbuck) Sign (R15-1) and Number of Tracks Sign (R15-2)—retroreflective strip on crossbuck support—January 17, 2011.
Section 8B.04 Highway-Rail Grade Crossing Advance Warning Signs (W10 Series)—removal of existing W10-6 series signs—January 17, 2006.
Section 8D.07 Traffic Control Signals at or Near Highway-Rail Grade Crossings—pre-signals—December 22, 2013.
Section 9B.04 Bicycle Lane Signs (R3-17, R3-17a, R3-17b)—deletion of preferential lane symbol (diamond) for bicycle lane signs—January 17, 2006.
Section 9B.17 Bicycle Warning Sign (W11-1)—elimination of crosswalk lines from crossing signs and use of diagonal downward pointing arrow supplemental plaque (W16-7) if at the crossing—January 17, 2011.
Chapter 9C Markings—deletion of preferential lane symbol (diamond) for bicycle pavement markings— January 17, 2007.
Part 10 Traffic Controls for Highway-Light Rail Transit Grade Crossings—automatic gates, flashing-light signals, and blank-out signs—January 17, 2011.
Section 10C.15 Highway-Rail Grade Crossing Advance Warning Signs (W10 Series)—removal of existing W10-6 series signs—January 17, 2006.
In order for maintenance personnel to understand what to do when replacing a damaged non-compliant traffic control device, agencies may establish a policy regarding whether to replace the device in kind or to replace it with a compliant device.
Often it is desirable to upgrade to a compliant device at the time of this maintenance of a damaged device. However, it might be appropriate to replace the damaged non-compliant device in kind at the time of this maintenance activity if engineering judgment indicates that:
A. One compliant device in the midst of a series of adjacent non-compliant devices could potentially be confusing to road users; and/or
B. The anticipated schedule for replacement of the whole series of non-compliant devices will result in achieving timely compliance with the MUTCD.
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OMUTCD – English units are preferred.
Table I-1. Evolution of the OMUTCD
1924 Manual of Standard Signs and Marker 5/24
1934 Manual of Standard Signs, Markers, and Pavement Marking 7/34
1943 Ohio Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices 1943
1952 Ohio Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices 3/52
1956 Ohio Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices 4/56
Ohio Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices, Supplement (Part 7 reprint) (Using Journal Entry system to record Director’s “approval.”)
Vol. 47: pg 885; dated 8/27/62 8/27/62
Ohio Manual of Uniform Traffic Control
Devices Vol. 48: pg 770; dated 9/19/63 Vol. 52: pg 151; dated 3/3/67 Vol. 53: pg 108; dated 2/5/68 Vol. 54: pg 873; dated 9/15/69 Vol. 56: pg 174; dated 2/19/71 9/19/63 3/25/67 3/29/68 10/31/69 3/15/71 1972
Ohio Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways — transition period from 1963 Edition to 1972 Edition; there was an overlap during this period between the two manual editions. The 1975 revisions were distributed together on 7/1/1975. Vol. 56: pg 997; dated 11/17/71 Vol. 57: pg 379; dated 4/13/72 Vol. 58: pg 179; dated 3/5/73 Vol. 58: pg 788; dated 8/3/73 Vol. 59: pg 1078; dated 11/1/74 Vol. 60: pg 311; dated 3/31/75 Vol. 60: pg 263; dated 3/13/75 1/3/72 5/31/72 4/25/73 9/10/73 11/1/74 3/31/75 7/1/75 1972
Ohio Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices
The 1976 and both 1977 revisions were distributed together.
The 1992 revisions were distributed together on 7/27/1992.
(Journal Entries no longer used. Transmittal letter constitutes the Director’s “approval.”)
Vol. 61: pg 817; dated 8/11/76 Vol. 62: pg 739; dated 6/27/77 Vol. 62: pg 1081; dated 9/19/77 Vol. 64: pg 642; dated 6/27/79 Vol. 67: pg 752; dated 7/16/82 Vol. 71: pg 1085; dated 11/14/86 Vol. 75: pg 7; dated 5/22/90 Vol. 76: pg 3; dated 10/1/91 Vol. 77: pg 1; dated 7/7/92 Vol. 77: pg 1; dated 7/21/92 Vol. 79: pg 1; dated 6/6/94 Vol. 80: pg 14; dated 6/22/95 Vol. 81: pg 1; dated 9/10/96 Vol. 81: pg 1; dated 9/16/96 Adopted by Director 4/15/99 9/1/76 7/1/77 11/3/77 10/1/79 9/7/82 2/1/87 7/9/90 10/1/91 7/7/92 7/27/92 8/1/94 8/14/95 9/10/96 1/1/97 6/1/99 2003 Ohio Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices, 2003 Edition 8/1/03 9/1/03
Ohio Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices, 2005 Edition Revision 1 12/1/05 December 23, 2009 12/22/05 1/15/10
Table I-2. Revision Record for the 2003 and
2005 Editions of the OMUTCD
2003 Edition August 1, 2003
New edition, updating the Manual to conform more closely to the revised and reformatted national Manual on uniform Traffic Control Devices, Millennium Edition, Revision 1 (published December 28, 2001), and to
incorporate additional revisions. Part 1, General Provisions, Part 2, Signs, Part 3, Markings, and Part 9, bicycles have been revised and
reformatted; Part 6, Signals and Illumination has been revised and replaced by new Part 4, Highway Traffic Signals; Part 7, Construction and Maintenance Operations has been revised and replaced by new Part 6, Temporary Traffic Control; Part 4, Islands and Part 5, Zones have been eliminated island information is now in Part 3, Markings, and zoning information is
addressed in ODOT’s “Traffic Engineering Manual”); and new Part 5, Low-Volume Roads, Part 7, School Areas, Part 8, Highway-Rail Grade Crossings and Part 10 Highway-Light Rail Transit Grade Crossings have been added. Also, Appendix A has been replaced with a new Appendix A, Appendix B has been revised and updated to Appendix B1 and Appendix B2, Appendix C has been temporarily eliminated, and provision for an Index has been added.
September 1, 2003
2005 Edition December 1, 2005
New edition, updating each Part of the Manual to incorporate changes published by FHWA in the MUTCD 2003, and to incorporate additional Ohio revisions. Appendix A1, Appendix B1, and Appendix B2 have been updated. A sign index has been added in Appendix C.
December 22, 2005
Revision 1 December 23, 2009
Revision to incorporate changes published by FHWA in the MUTCD 2003 to address retro-reflectivity guidelines for highway signs. The Revision also included a few editorial
corrections. Changes were made in the Preface, Introduction, Parts 1, 2 and 6, and Appendix C.
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I. An agreement to provide semiannual progress reports for the duration of the experimentation, and an agreement to provide a copy of the final results of the experimentation to the FHWA’s Office of Transportation Operations within 3 months following completion of the experimentation. The FHWA’s Office of Transportation Operations has the right to terminate approval of the experimentation if reports are not provided in accordance with this schedule.
Requests for changes to the Manual include consideration of a new device to replace a present standard device, an additional device to be added to the list of standard devices, or a revision to a traffic control device application or placement criteria.
Requests for a change to this Manual should contain the following information: A. A statement indicating what change is proposed;
B. Any illustration that would be helpful to understand the request; and C. Any supporting research data that is pertinent to the item to be reviewed. Support:
Requests for interim approval include consideration of allowing interim use, pending official rulemaking, of a new traffic control device, a revision to the application or manner of use of an existing traffic control device, or a provision not specifically described in this Manual. If granted, interim approval will result in the traffic control device or application being placed into the next scheduled rulemaking process for revisions to this Manual. The device or application will be permitted to remain in place, under any conditions established in the interim approval, until an official rulemaking action has occurred.
Interim approval is considered based on the results of successful experimentation, results of analytical or laboratory studies, and/or review of non-U.S. experience with a traffic control device or application. Interim approval considerations include an assessment of relative risks, benefits, and costs. Interim approval includes conditions that jurisdictions agree to comply with in order to use the traffic control device or application until an official rulemaking action has occurred.
The request for permission to place a traffic control device under interim approval should contain the following:
A. A statement indicating the nature of the problem.
B. A description of the proposed change to the traffic control device or application of the traffic control device, how it was developed, the manner in which it deviates from the standard, and how it is expected to be an improvement over existing standards.
C. The location(s) where it will be used and any illustration that would be helpful to understand the traffic control device or use of the traffic control device.
D. A legally-binding statement certifying that the concept of the traffic control device is not protected by a patent or copyright. (An example of a traffic control device concept would be countdown pedestrian signals in general. Ordinarily an entire general concept would not be patented or copyrighted, but if it were it would not be acceptable for interim approval unless the patent or copyright owner signs a waiver of rights acceptable to the FHWA. An example of a patented or copyrighted specific device within the general concept of countdown pedestrian signals would be a manufacturer’s design for its specific brand of countdown signal, including the design details of the housing or electronics that are unique to that manufacturer’s product. Interim approval of a specific patented or copyrighted product is not acceptable.)
E. A detailed completed research or evaluation on this traffic control device.
F. An agreement to restore the site(s) of the interim approval to a condition that complies with the provisions in this Manual within 3 months following the issuance of a final rule on this traffic control device. This agreement must also provide that the agency sponsoring the interim approval will terminate use of the device or application installed under the interim approval at any time that it
determines significant safety concerns are directly or indirectly attributable to the device or
application. The FHWA’s Office of Transportation Operations has the right to terminate the interim approval at any time if there is an indication of safety concerns.
The Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT) may submit a request for interim approval for all jurisdictions in the State, as long as the request contains the information listed in the Guidance above. Standard:
Once an interim approval is granted to any jurisdiction for a particular traffic control device or application, subsequent jurisdictions shall be granted interim approval for that device or application by submitting a letter to the FHWA Office of Transportation Operations indicating they will abide by Item F above and the specific conditions contained in the original interim approval.
A local jurisdiction using a traffic control device or application under an interim approval that was granted either directly to that jurisdiction or on a statewide basis based on the State’s request shall inform the State of the locations of such use.
A diagram outlining FHWA’s process for incorporating new traffic control devices into the national MUTCD is shown in Figure 1A-2.
For additional information concerning interpretations, experimentation, changes, or interim approvals, contact the ODOT, Office of Traffic Engineering at the address provided on page ii.
Section 1A.11 Relation to Other Publications
To the extent that they are incorporated by specific reference, the latest editions of the following publications, or those editions specifically noted, shall be a part of this Manual: the current “Sign Design Manual” (SDM), published by ODOT; and “Color Specifications for Retroreflective Sign and Pavement Marking Materials” (appendix to subpart F of Part 655 of Title 23 of the Code of Federal Regulations).
The SDM includes standard alphabets and symbols for highway signs and pavement markings. For information about publications from the Federal Highway Administration, visit FHWA’s MUTCD website at http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov, or write to the FHWA, 400 Seventh Street, SW, HOTO, Washington, DC 20590.
For information about publications published by the Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT), visit the ODOT reference resource website at www.dot.state.oh.us/drrc, or write to the ODOT Office of Contracts, 1980 West Broad Street, P.O. Box 899, Columbus, Ohio 43216-0899.
The publication entitled “Federal-Aid Highway Program Guidance on High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lanes” is available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/operations/hovguide01.htm, or write to the FHWA, 400 Seventh Street, SW, HOTM, Washington, DC 20590.
The publication entitled “Maintaining Traffic Sign Retroreflectivity” (2007 Edition) is available at
www.fhwa.dot.gov/retro, or write to the FHWA, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE, HSA-1, Washington, DC 20590.
Other publications that are useful sources of information with respect to use of this Manual are listed below. See the Preface of this Manual for ordering information for the following publications:
1. “A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets,” 2001 Edition (American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials—AASHTO)
2. “Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities,” 1999 Edition (AASHTO) 3. “Guide to Metric Conversion,” 1993 Edition (AASHTO)
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PART 2. SIGNS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 2A. GENERAL
Section 2A.01 Function and Purpose of Signs ... 2A-1 Section 2A.02 Definitions ... 2A-1 Section 2A.03 Standardization of Application ... 2A-1 Section 2A.04 Excessive Use of Signs ... 2A-2 Section 2A.05 Classification of Signs ... 2A-2 Section 2A.06 Design of Signs ... 2A-2 Section 2A.07 Changeable Message Signs ... 2A-3 Section 2A.08 Retroreflectivity and Illumination ... 2A-4 Section 2A.09 Maintaining Minimum Retroreflectivity ... 2A-5 Section 2A.10 Shapes ... 2A-8 Section 2A.11 Sign Colors ... 2A-8 Section 2A.12 Dimensions ... 2A-8 Section 2A.13 Symbols ... 2A-9 Section 2A.14 Word Messages ... 2A-11 Section 2A.15 Sign Borders ... 2A-11 Section 2A.16 Standardization of Location ... 2A-12 Section 2A.17 Overhead Sign Installations ... 2A-15 Section 2A.18 Mounting Height ... 2A-15 Section 2A.19 Lateral Offset ... 2A-16 Section 2A.20 Orientation ... 2A-17 Section 2A.21 Posts and Mountings ... 2A-17 Section 2A.22 Maintenance ... 2A-18
Section 2A.23 Median Opening Treatments for Divided Highways with Wide Medians ... 2A-18
CHAPTER 2B. REGULATORY SIGNS
Section 2B.01 Application of Regulatory Signs ... 2B-1 Section 2B.02 Design of Regulatory Signs ... 2B-1 Section 2B.03 Size of Regulatory Signs ... 2B-1 Section 2B.04 STOP Sign (R1-1) ... 2B-7 Section 2B.05 STOP Sign Applications ... 2B-8 Section 2B.06 STOP Sign Placement ... 2B-9 Section 2B.07 Multiway Stop Applications ... 2B-10 Section 2B.08 YIELD Sign (R1-2) ... 2B-11 Section 2B.09 YIELD Sign Applications ... 2B-11 Section 2B.10 YIELD Sign Placement ... 2B-11
Section 2B.11 Yield Here To Pedestrians Signs (R1-5, R1-5a) ... 2B-12
Section 2B.12 In-Street Pedestrian Crossing Sign (R1-6) ... 2B-12
Section 2B.13 Speed Limit Signs (R2-1, R2-H2b, R2-H2c) ... 2B-13
Section 2B.14 Truck Speed Limit Signs (R2-2, R2-H2a) ... 2B-14 Section 2B.15 Night Speed Limit Sign (R2-3) ... 2B-14 Section 2B.16 Minimum Speed Limit Sign (R2-4) ... 2B-15 Section 2B.17 FINES HIGHER Plaque (R2-6) ... 2B-15 Section 2B.18 Location of Speed Limit Signs ... 2B-16
Section 2B.19 Turn Prohibition Signs (R3-1 through R3-4, and R3-18) ... 2B-16
Section 2B.20 Intersection Lane Control Signs (R3-5 through R3-8) ... 2B-17
Section 2B.22 Optional Movement Lane Control Sign (R3-6) ... 2B-19
Section 2B.23 Advance Intersection Lane Control Signs (R3-8 Series) ... 2B-20
Section 2B.24 Two-Way Left Turn Only Signs (R3-9a, R3-9b) ... 2B-20
Section 2B.25 Reversible Lane Control Signs (R3-9d, R3-9f through R3-9i) ... 2B-21
Section 2B.26 Preferential Only Lane Signs (R3-10 through R3-15) ... 2B-24
Section 2B.27 Preferential Only Lanes for High-Occupancy Vehicles (HOVs) ... 2B-27
Section 2B.28 Preferential Only Lane Sign Applications and Placement ... 2B-29
Section 2B.29 DO NOT PASS Sign (R4-1) ... 2B-31 Section 2B.30 PASS WITH CARE Sign (R4-2) ... 2B-32
Section 2B.31 SLOWER TRAFFIC KEEP RIGHT Sign (R4-3) ... 2B-32
Section 2B.32 Slow Moving Traffic Lane Signs (R4-5, R4-6) ... 2B-32
Section 2B.33 Keep Right and Keep Left Signs (R4-7, R4-8) ... 2B-32
Section 2B.33.1 THROUGH TRAFFIC KEEP RIGHT (LEFT) Signs (R4-H11, R4-H12) ... 2B-34 Section 2B.34 DO NOT ENTER Sign (R5-1) ... 2B-34 Section 2B.35 WRONG WAY Sign (R5-1a) ... 2B-34 Section 2B.36 Selective Exclusion Signs ... 2B-35 Section 2B.37 ONE WAY Signs (R6-1, R6-2) ... 2B-37
Section 2B.38 Divided Highway Crossing Signs (R6-3, R6-3a)... 2B-37
Section 2B.39 Parking, Standing, and Stopping Signs (R7 and R8 Series) ... 2B-43
Section 2B.40 Design of Parking, Standing, and Stopping Signs ... 2B-43
Section 2B.41 Placement of Parking, Stopping, and Standing Signs ... 2B-46
Section 2B.42 Emergency Restriction Signs (R8-4, R8-7, R8-8) ... 2B-47
Section 2B.43 WALK ON LEFT FACING TRAFFIC and No Hitchhiking Signs (R9-1,
R9-4, R9-4a) ... 2B-47 Section 2B.44 Pedestrian Crossing Signs (R9-2, R9-3) ... 2B-47
Section 2B.45 Traffic Signal Signs (R10-1 through R10-21) ... 2B-49
Section 2B.46 Photo Enforced Signs (R10-18, R10-19) ... 2B-51
Section 2B.47 KEEP OFF MEDIAN Sign (R11-1) ... 2B-52
Section 2B.48 ROAD CLOSED Sign (R11-2) and LOCAL TRAFFIC ONLY Signs
(R11-3 Series, R11-4) ... 2B-52
Section 2B.49 Weight Limit Signs (R12-1 through R12-5) ... 2B-52
Section 2B.50 Weigh Station Signs (R13 Series) ... 2B-53 Section 2B.51 TRUCK ROUTE Sign (R14-1) ... 2B-54 Section 2B.52 Hazardous Material Signs (R14-2, R14-3) ... 2B-54 Section 2B.53 National Network Signs (R14-4, R14-5) ... 2B-54 Section 2B.54 Other Regulatory Signs ... 2B-55
CHAPTER 2C. WARNING SIGNS
Section 2C.01 Function of Warning Signs ... 2C-1 Section 2C.02 Application of Warning Signs ... 2C-1 Section 2C.03 Design of Warning Signs ... 2C-1 Section 2C.04 Size of Warning Signs ... 2C-1 Section 2C.05 Placement of Warning Signs ... 2C-4
Section 2C.06 Horizontal Alignment Signs (W1-1 through W1-5, W1-11, W1-15) ... 2C-6
Section 2C.07 Combination Horizontal Alignment/Advisory Speed Signs (W1-1a, W1-2a) ... 2C-7
Section 2C.08 Combination Horizontal Alignment/Intersection Sign (W1-10) ... 2C-8
Section 2C.09 One-Direction Large Arrow Sign (W1-6) ... 2C-8 Section 2C.10 Chevron Alignment Sign (W1-8)... 2C-8 Section 2C.11 Truck Rollover Warning Sign (W1-13) ... 2C-9 Section 2C.12 Hill Signs (W7-1, W7-1a, W7-1b) ... 2C-9
Section 2C.13 Truck Escape Ramp Signs (W7-4 Series)... 2C-10
Section 2C.14 HILL BLOCKS VIEW Sign (W7-6) ... 2C-10
Section 2C.15 ROAD NARROWS Sign (W5-1) ... 2C-11
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Section 2C.17 ONE LANE BRIDGE Sign (W5-3) ... 2C-12
Section 2C.18 Divided Highway (Road) Sign (W6-1) ... 2C-12
Section 2C.19 Divided Highway (Road) Ends Sign (W6-2) ... 2C-12
Section 2C.20 Double Arrow Sign (W12-1) ... 2C-13
Section 2C.21 DEAD END/NO OUTLET Signs (W14-1, W14-1a, W14-2, W14-2a)... 2C-13
Section 2C.22 Low Clearance Signs (W12-2 and W12-2p) ... 2C-13
Section 2C.23 BUMP and DIP Signs (W8-1, W8-2) ... 2C-14 Section 2C.24 SPEED HUMP Sign (W17-1) ... 2C-14
Section 2C.25 PAVEMENT ENDS Sign (W8-3) ... 2C-14
Section 2C.26 Shoulder Signs (W8-4, W8-9, W8-9a)... 2C-15 Section 2C.27 Slippery When Wet Sign (W8-5) ... 2C-16
Section 2C.28 BRIDGE ICES BEFORE ROAD Sign (W8-13) ... 2C-16
Section 2C.29 Advance Traffic Control Signs (W3-1, W3-2, W3-3, W3-4) ... 2C-16
Section 2C.30 Speed Reduction Signs (W3-5, W3-5a) ... 2C-17 Section 2C.31 Merge Signs (W4-1, W4-5) ... 2C-17 Section 2C.32 Added Lane Signs (W4-3, W4-6) ... 2C-18 Section 2C.33 Lane Ends Signs (W4-2, W9-1, W9-2) ... 2C-19 Section 2C.34 Two-Way Traffic Sign (W6-3) ... 2C-19 Section 2C.35 NO PASSING ZONE Sign (W14-3) ... 2C-19
Section 2C.36 Advisory Exit, Ramp, and Curve Speed Signs (W13-2, W13-3, W13-5) ... 2C-19
Section 2C.37 Intersection Warning Signs (W2-1 through W2-6) ... 2C-20
Section 2C.38 Two-Direction Large Arrow Sign (W1-7) ... 2C-22
Section 2C.39 Traffic Signal Signs (W25-1, W25-2) ... 2C-22
Section 2C.40 Vehicular Traffic Signs (W8-6, W11-1, W11-5, W11-5a, W11-8, W11-10,
W11-11, W11-12p, W11-14) ... 2C-23
Section 2C.41 Nonvehicular Traffic Signs (W11-2, W11-3, W11-4, W11-6, W11-7, W11-9) .. 2C-23
Section 2C.42 Playground Sign (W15-1) ... 2C-25 Section 2C.43 Use of Supplemental Plaques ... 2C-26 Section 2C.44 Design of Supplemental Plaques ... 2C-26
Section 2C.45 Distance Plaques (W16-2 Series, W16-3 Series, W16-4, W7-3a) ... 2C-26
Section 2C.46 Advisory Speed Plaque (W13-1) ... 2C-26
Section 2C.47 Supplemental Arrow Plaques (W16-5p, W16-6p, W16-7p) ... 2C-27
Section 2C.48 Hill-Related Plaques (W7- 2 Series, W7-3 Series) ... 2C-27
Section 2C.49 Advance Street Name Plaques (W16-8, W16-8a) ... 2C-27
Section 2C.50 CROSS TRAFFIC DOES NOT STOP Plaque (W4-4p) ... 2C-27
Section 2C.51 SHARE THE ROAD Plaque (W16-1) ... 2C-27
Section 2C.52 High-Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Plaque (W16-11) ... 2C-28
Section 2C.53 PHOTO ENFORCED Plaque (W16-10)... 2C-28
CHAPTER 2D. GUIDE SIGNS—CONVENTIONAL ROADS
Section 2D.01 Scope of Conventional Road Guide Sign Standards ... 2D-1
Section 2D.02 Application... 2D-1 Section 2D.03 Color, Retroreflection, and Illumination ... 2D-1 Section 2D.04 Size of Signs ... 2D-1 Section 2D.05 Lettering Style ... 2D-2 Section 2D.06 Size of Lettering ... 2D-3 Section 2D.07 Amount of Legend ... 2D-3 Section 2D.08 Arrows ... 2D-3 Section 2D.09 Numbered Highway Systems ... 2D-4 Section 2D.10 Route Signs and Auxiliary Signs ... 2D-5 Section 2D.11 Design of Route Signs ... 2D-5 Section 2D.12 Design of Route Sign Auxiliaries ... 2D-7 Section 2D.13 Junction Auxiliary Sign (M2-1) ... 2D-7 Section 2D.14 Combination Junction Sign (M2-2) ... 2D-8
Section 2D.15 Cardinal Direction Auxiliary Signs (M3-1 through M3-4) ... 2D-8
Section 2D.16 Auxiliary Signs for Alternative Routes (M4 Series) ... 2D-8
Section 2D.17 ALTERNATE Auxiliary Signs (M4-1, M4-1a) ... 2D-8
Section 2D.18 BY-PASS Auxiliary Sign (M4-2) ... 2D-9 Section 2D.19 BUSINESS Auxiliary Sign (M4-3) ... 2D-9 Section 2D.20 TRUCK Auxiliary Sign (M4-4) ... 2D-9 Section 2D.21 TO Auxiliary Sign (M4-5) ... 2D-10 Section 2D.22 END Auxiliary Sign (M4-6) ... 2D-10
Section 2D.23 TEMPORARY Auxiliary Signs (M4-7, M4-7a) ... 2D-10
Section 2D.24 Temporary Detour and Auxiliary Signs ... 2D-10
Section 2D.25 Advance Turn Arrow Auxiliary Signs (M5-1, M5-2) ... 2D-10
Section 2D.26 Directional Arrow Auxiliary Signs (M6 Series)... 2D-10
Section 2D.27 Route Sign Assemblies ... 2D-11 Section 2D.28 Junction Assembly ... 2D-12 Section 2D.29 Advance Route Turn Assembly ... 2D-12 Section 2D.30 Directional Assembly ... 2D-13 Section 2D.31 Confirming or Reassurance Assemblies ... 2D-13 Section 2D.32 Trailblazer Assembly ... 2D-17 Section 2D.33 Destination and Distance Signs ... 2D-17 Section 2D.34 Destination Signs (D1 Series) ... 2D-17 Section 2D.35 Location of Destination Signs ... 2D-19 Section 2D.36 Distance Signs (D2 Series) ... 2D-19 Section 2D.37 Location of Distance Signs ... 2D-20 Section 2D.38 Street Name Sign (D3-1) ... 2D-20 Section 2D.39 Advance Street Name Signs (D3-2) ... 2D-22 Section 2D.40 Parking Area Sign (D4-1) ... 2D-23 Section 2D.41 PARK & RIDE Sign (D4-2) ... 2D-24 Section 2D.42 Rest Area Signs (D5 Series) ... 2D-24 Section 2D.43 Scenic Area Signs (D6 Series) ... 2D-25 Section 2D.44 Weigh Station Signing (D8 Series)... 2D-25 Section 2D.45 General Service Signs (D9 Series) ... 2D-27
Section 2D.46 Reference Location Signs (D10-1 through D10-3) and Intermediate
Reference Location Signs (D10-1a through D10-3a) ... 2D-30 Section 2D.47 Traffic Signal Speed Sign (I1-1) ... 2D-32 Section 2D.48 General Information Signs (I Series) ... 2D-33 Section 2D.49 Signing of Named Highways ... 2D-35 Section 2D.50 Trail Signs ... 2D-36 Section 2D.51 Crossover Signs (D13 Series) ... 2D-36
Section 2D.52 National Scenic Byways Signs (D6-4, D6-4a) ... 2D-36
Section 2D.53 Ohio Byway Signs (M8-H3, M8-H3p) ... 2D-37
CHAPTER 2E. GUIDE SIGNS—FREEWAYS AND EXPRESSWAYS
Section 2E.01 Scope of Freeway and Expressway Guide Sign Standards ... 2E-1
Section 2E.02 Freeway and Expressway Signing Principles ... 2E-1
Section 2E.03 General ... 2E-2 Section 2E.04 Color of Guide Signs ... 2E-2 Section 2E.05 Retroreflection or Illumination ... 2E-2 Section 2E.06 Characteristics of Urban Signing ... 2E-2 Section 2E.07 Characteristics of Rural Signing ... 2E-3
Section 2E.08 Memorial Highway Signing (E8-H5, M1-10) ... 2E-3
Section 2E.09 Amount of Legend on Guide Signs ... 2E-4
Section 2E.10 Number of Signs at an Overhead Installation and Sign Spreading... 2E-5
Section 2E.11 Pull-Through Signs (E6-H2) ... 2E-5 Section 2E.12 Designation of Destinations ... 2E-6
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Section 2E.13 Size and Style of Letters and Signs ... 2E-6 Section 2E.14 Interline and Edge Spacing ... 2E-7 Section 2E.15 Sign Borders ... 2E-7 Section 2E.16 Abbreviations ... 2E-7 Section 2E.17 Symbols ... 2E-7 Section 2E.18 Arrows for Interchange Guide Signs ... 2E-7 Section 2E.19 Diagrammatic Signs (E4-H1) ... 2E-8 Section 2E.20 Signing for Interchange Lane Drops ... 2E-9 Section 2E.21 Changeable Message Signs ... 2E-15 Section 2E.22 Overhead Sign Installations ... 2E-17 Section 2E.23 Lateral Offset ... 2E-17 Section 2E.24 Guide Sign Classification ... 2E-18 Section 2E.25 Route Signs and Trailblazer Assemblies ... 2E-19 Section 2E.26 Signs for Intersections at Grade ... 2E-19 Section 2E.27 Interchange Guide Signs ... 2E-20 Section 2E.28 Interchange Exit Numbering (E1-H5) ... 2E-20 Section 2E.29 Interchange Classification... 2E-24 Section 2E.30 Advance Guide Signs (E1-H1) ... 2E-24
Section 2E.31 Next Exit Supplemental Signs (E2-H1, E2-H1a) ... 2E-26
Section 2E.32 Other Supplemental Guide Signs (E3-H1) ... 2E-27 Section 2E.33 Exit Direction Signs (E1-H3) ... 2E-27
Section 2E.34 Exit Gore Signs (E5-H1, E5-H1a, E5-H2, E5-H2a) ... 2E-30
Section 2E.35 Post-Interchange Signs ... 2E-31 Section 2E.36 Distance Signs (E7-H1) ... 2E-32 Section 2E.37 Interchange Sequence Signs ... 2E-33
Section 2E.38 Community Interchanges Identification Signs (E7-H3) ... 2E-33
Section 2E.39 NEXT X EXITS Sign (E7-H4) ... 2E-36 Section 2E.40 Signing by Type of Interchange ... 2E-36 Section 2E.41 Freeway-to-Freeway Interchange... 2E-36 Section 2E.42 Cloverleaf Interchange ... 2E-43
Section 2E.43 Cloverleaf Interchange with Collector-Distributor Roadways ... 2E-43
Section 2E.44 Partial Cloverleaf Interchange ... 2E-44 Section 2E.45 Diamond Interchange ... 2E-44 Section 2E.46 Diamond Interchange in Urban Area ... 2E-45 Section 2E.47 Closely Spaced Interchanges ... 2E-45 Section 2E.48 Minor Interchange ... 2E-45
Section 2E.49 Signing of Approaches and Connecting Roadways ... 2E-45
Section 2E.50 Wrong-Way Traffic Control at Interchange Ramps ... 2E-52
Section 2E.51 General Service Signs ... 2E-54
Section 2E.52 Rest and Scenic Area Signs (D5 Series, D6 Series) ... 2E-56
Section 2E.53 Tourist Information and Welcome Center Signs ... 2E-59
Section 2E.54 Reference Location Signs and Enhanced Reference Location Signs
(D10-4, D10-5, D10-H5a) ... 2E-60 Section 2E.55 Miscellaneous Guide Signs ... 2E-62 Section 2E.56 Radio Information Signing ... 2E-62 Section 2E.57 Carpool and Ridesharing Signing ... 2E-63 Section 2E.58 Weigh Station Signing ... 2E-64 Section 2E.59 Preferential Only Lane Signs ... 2E-64
CHAPTER 2F. SPECIFIC SERVICE SIGNS
Section 2F.01 Eligibility ... 2F-1 Section 2F.02 Application... 2F-1 Section 2F.03 Logos and Logo Panels ... 2F-2 Section 2F.04 Number and Size of Logos and Signs ... 2F-2
Section 2F.05 Size of Lettering ... 2F-5 Section 2F.06 Signs at Interchanges ... 2F-5 Section 2F.07 Single-Exit Interchanges ... 2F-5 Section 2F.08 Double-Exit Interchanges ... 2F-6 Section 2F.09 Signs at Intersections ... 2F-6 Section 2F.10 Signing Policy ... 2F-6
CHAPTER 2G. TOURIST-ORIENTED DIRECTIONAL SIGNS
Section 2G.01 Purpose and Application ... 2G-1 Section 2G.02 Design ... 2G-1 Section 2G.03 Style and Size of Lettering ... 2G-2 Section 2G.04 Arrangement and Size of Signs ... 2G-2 Section 2G.05 Advance Signs ... 2G-5 Section 2G.06 Sign Locations ... 2G-5 Section 2G.07 State Policy ... 2G-6
CHAPTER 2H. RECREATIONAL AND CULTURAL INTEREST AREA SIGNS
Section 2H.01 Scope ... 2H-1
Section 2H.02 Application of Recreational and Cultural Interest Area Signs ... 2H-1
Section 2H.03 Regulatory and Warning Signs ... 2H-1
Section 2H.04 General Design Requirements for Recreational and Cultural Interest Area
Symbol Signs ... 2H-1 Section 2H.05 Symbol Sign Sizes ... 2H-2 Section 2H.06 Use of Educational Plaques ... 2H-2 Section 2H.07 Use of Prohibitive Slash ... 2H-2
Section 2H.08 Placement of Recreational and Cultural Interest Area Symbol Signs ... 2H-12
Section 2H.09 Destination Guide Signs ... 2H-12
CHAPTER 2I. EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT SIGNING
Section 2I.01 Emergency Management ... 2I-1 Section 2I.02 Design of Emergency Management Signs ... 2I-1
Section 2I.03 EVACUATION ROUTE Sign (EM-1) ... 2I-1
Section 2I.04 AREA CLOSED Sign (EM-2) ... 2I-3
Section 2I.05 TRAFFIC CONTROL POINT Sign (EM-3) ... 2I-3
Section 2I.06 MAINTAIN TOP SAFE SPEED Sign (EM-4) ... 2I-3
Section 2I.07 ROAD (AREA) USE PERMIT REQUIRED FOR THRU TRAFFIC Sign
(EM-5) ... 2I-4 Section 2I.08 Emergency Aid Center Signs (EM-6 Series) ... 2I-5 Section 2I.09 Shelter Directional Signs (EM-7 Series) ... 2I-5 FIGURES
CHAPTER 2A. GENERAL
Figure 2A-1 Examples of Heights and Lateral Locations of Signs for Typical Installations . 2A-13
Figure 2A-2 Examples of Locations for Some Typical Signs at Intersections ... 2A-14
CHAPTER 2B. REGULATORY SIGNS
Figure 2B-1 STOP, YIELD, Speed Limit, FINES HIGHER, and Photo Enforcement Signs .. 2B-9
Figure 2B-2 Unsignalized Pedestrian Crosswalk Signs ... 2B-13
Figure 2B-3 Speed Limit and Turn Prohibition Signs ... 2B-15 Figure 2B-4 Intersection Lane Control Signs ... 2B-19
Figure 2B-5 Center and Reversible Lane Control Signs ... 2B-20
2005 Edition Page 2TC - 7
OMUTCD – English units are preferred.
Figure 2B-7 Examples of Preferential Only Lane Signs ... 2B-26
Figure 2B-8 Passing, Keep Right, and Truck Lane Signs ... 2B-33
Figure 2B-9 Traffic Prohibition Signs ... 2B-35
Figure 2B-10 Example of Wrong-Way Signing for a Divided Highway with a Median
Width of 9 m (30 ft) or Greater ... 2B-36
Figure 2B-11 ONE WAY and Divided Highway Crossing Signs ... 2B-37
Figure 2B-12 Examples of Locations of ONE WAY Signs ... 2B-38
Figure 2B-13 Examples of ONE WAY Signing for Divided Highways with Medians of
9 m (30 ft) or Greater ... 2B-40
Figure 2B-14 Examples of ONE WAY Signing for Divided Highways with Medians
Less Than 9 m (30 ft) ... 2B-41
Figure 2B-15 Examples of ONE WAY Signing for Divided Highways with Medians
Less Than 9 m (30 ft) and Separated Left-Turn Lanes ... 2B-42 Figure 2B-16 No Parking Signs (R7 Series) ... 2B-44 Figure 2B-17 No Parking Signs (R8 Series) ... 2B-45 Figure 2B-18 Pedestrian Signs ... 2B-48 Figure 2B-19 Traffic Signal Signs ... 2B-50 Figure 2B-20 Road Closed and Weight Limit Signs ... 2B-53 Figure 2B-21 Truck Signs ... 2B-54 Figure 2B-22 Seat Belt Symbol... 2B-55
CHAPTER 2C. WARNING SIGNS
Figure 2C-1 Horizontal Alignment Signs ... 2C-6 Figure 2C-2 Vertical Grade Signs ... 2C-10 Figure 2C-3 Miscellaneous Warning Signs ... 2C-11
Figure 2C-4 Roadway Condition and Advance Traffic Control Signs ... 2C-15
Figure 2C-5 Advisory Speed and Speed Reduction Signs ... 2C-17
Figure 2C-6 Merging and Passing Signs ... 2C-18
Figure 2C-7 Example of Advisory Speed Signing for an Exit Ramp ... 2C-21
Figure 2C-8 Intersection Warning Signs ... 2C-22 Figure 2C-9 Vehicular Traffic Signs... 2C-24 Figure 2C-10 Nonvehicular TrafficSigns ... 2C-24 Figure 2C-11 Supplemental Warning Plaques ... 2C-25
CHAPTER 2D. GUIDE SIGNS—CONVENTIONAL ROADS
Figure 2D-1 Examples of Color-Coded Destination Guide Signs ... 2D-2
Figure 2D-2 Arrows for Use on Guide Signs ... 2D-4 Figure 2D-3 Route Signs ... 2D-7 Figure 2D-4 Route Sign Auxiliaries ... 2D-9 Figure 2D-5 Directional Arrow Auxiliary Signs ... 2D-11
Figure 2D-6 Illustration of Directional Assemblies and Other Route Signs
(For One Direction of Travel Only) ... 2D-14
Figure 2D-7 Examples of Destination and Distance Signs ... 2D-18
Figure 2D-8 Examples of Street Name and Parking Signs ... 2D-22
Figure 2D-9 Examples of Rest Area and Scenic Overlook Signs ... 2D-25
Figure 2D-10 Example of Weigh Station Signing... 2D-26 Figure 2D-11 General Service Signs ... 2D-28 Figure 2D-12 General Information Signs ... 2D-31 Figure 2D-13 Reference Location Signs ... 2D-32
CHAPTER 2E. GUIDE SIGNS—FREEWAYS AND EXPRESSWAYS
Figure 2E-1 Example of Guide Sign Spreading... 2E-4 Figure 2E-2 Pull-Through Signs ... 2E-4
Figure 2E-3 Diagrammatic Sign for a Single-Lane Left Exit ... 2E-9
Figure 2E-4 Diagrammatic Signs for Split with Dedicated Lanes ... 2E-10
Figure 2E-5 Diagrammatic Signs for Split with Optional Lane ... 2E-11
Figure 2E-6 Diagrammatic Signs for Two-Lane Exit with Optional Lane... 2E-12
Figure 2E-7 Diagrammatic Signs for Two-Lane Exit with Optional Lane... 2E-13
Figure 2E-8 EXIT ONLY on Left with Diagrammatic Sign for Left Lane Dropped at an
Interchange... 2E-14 Figure 2E-9 EXIT ONLY Panels ... 2E-15
Figure 2E-10 EXIT ONLY Panels for Right Lane Dropped at an Interchange ... 2E-16
Figure 2E-11 Interstate and U.S. Route Signs ... 2E-18
Figure 2E-12 Example of Interchange Numbering for Mainline and Circumferential Routes 2E-21
Figure 2E-13 Example of Interchange Numbering for Mainline, Loop, and Spur Routes ... 2E-22
Figure 2E-14 Example of Interchange Numbering If Routes Overlap ... 2E-23
Figure 2E-15 Examples of Interchange Advance Guide Signs ... 2E-25
Figure 2E-16 Next Exit Supplemental Advance Guide Signs ... 2E-26
Figure 2E-17 Supplemental Guide Signs for Multi-exit Interchanges ... 2E-28
Figure 2E-18 Supplemental Guide Sign for a Park and Ride Facility (Route without Exit
Numbering) ... 2E-28
Figure 2E-19 Supplemental Guide Sign for a Park and Ride Facility (Route with
Exit Numbering) ... 2E-29 Figure 2E-20 Interchange Exit Direction Sign ... 2E-29 Figure 2E-21 Exit Gore Signs ... 2E-31 Figure 2E-22 Post-Interchange Distance Sign ... 2E-32
Figure 2E-23 Signing of Closely Spaced Interchanges Using Interchange Sequence Signs .... 2E-34
Figure 2E-24 Interchange Sequence Sign ... 2E-35
Figure 2E-25 Community Interchanges Identification Sign ... 2E-35
Figure 2E-26 NEXT EXITS Sign ... 2E-35
Figure 2E-27 Examples of Freeway-to-Freeway Interchange Guide Signs ... 2E-37
Figure 2E-28 Examples of Guide Signs for Full Cloverleaf Interchange ... 2E-38
Figure 2E-29 Examples of Guide Signs for Full Cloverleaf Interchange with
Collector-Distributor Roadways ... 2E-39
Figure 2E-30 Examples of Partial Cloverleaf Interchange Guide Signs ... 2E-40
Figure 2E-31 Examples of Diamond Interchange Guide Signs ... 2E-41
Figure 2E-32 Examples of Diamond Interchange Guide Signs in an Urban Area ... 2E-42
Figure 2E-33 Examples of Minor Interchange Guide Signs ... 2E-46
Figure 2E-34 Example of Crossroad Signing for One-Lane Approach ... 2E-47
Figure 2E-35 Example of Minor Interchange Crossroad Signing ... 2E-48
Figure 2E-36 Examples of Multi-lane Crossroad Signing for Diamond Interchange ... 2E-49
Figure 2E-37 Examples of Multi-lane Crossroad Signing for Partial Cloverleaf Interchange . 2E-50
Figure 2E-38 Examples of Multi-lane Crossroad Signing for Cloverleaf Interchange ... 2E-51
Figure 2E-39 Examples of Regulatory Signing and Pavement Markings at Exit Ramp
Termination to Deter Wrong-Way Entry ... 2E-53
Figure 2E-40 Examples of Regulatory Signing and Pavement Markings at Entrance Ramp
Terminal Where Design Does Not Clearly Indicate the Direction of Flow ... 2E-53
Figure 2E-41 Examples of General Service Signs (without Exit Numbering) ... 2E-57
Figure 2E-42 Examples of General Service Signs (with Exit Numbering) ... 2E-57
Figure 2E-43 Examples of Next Services Sign ... 2E-57
Figure 2E-44 Examples of Rest Area, Scenic Overlook, and Welcome Center Signs ... 2E-58
Figure 2E-45 Enhanced Reference Location Signs ... 2E-60