T24 AA Topic - Arrangement Activities

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This document describes a T24 AA Property Class and it is assumed that the reader has read and is familiar with the concepts described in the T24 Arrangement Architecture Product Summary.

Overview

Servicing of T24 Arrangements is accomplished through Arrangement Activities. Activities are business functions which are triggered either by a user, the close of business, or another T24 application like Funds Transfer or Teller.

Examples of Arrangement Activities are:

 New Arrangement

 Change Interest

 Recalculate Payment Schedule

 Apply Payment

Unlike most other T24 applications in which the user enters data in a record and T24 determines the required actions, an Arrangement Activity is first explicitly selected and any necessary input is restricted to the appropriate attributes.

Activities, Actions, and Accounting

Each Activity is comprised of one or more Actions which are the specific units of processing performed by a Property Class (e.g. Issue Bill or Accrue Interest). Actions can only be run via an Activity and therefore servicing of an arrangement is exactly the same whether running online or during the close of business (i.e. single source).

Additionally, certain Actions may require accounting. During product definition, event-based Accounting Rules are established and linked to the relevant Actions.

Activity Logging, Backdating, and Reversals

Each Activity performed on an arrangement is effective dated and stored on the arrangement’s Activity Log. T24 stores the sequence of activities, links to any financial transactions (e.g. deposits, withdrawals, disbursements, repayments, etc.), and links to all accounting entries.

The combination of an effective dated Activity Log and single-source processing allows for the servicing of activity reversals as well as backdated activities.

Upon reversal of an activity, T24 effectively reverses any subsequent activities and then replays the arrangement moving forwards as if the reversed activity had not occurred. This can result in new activities (e.g. overdue processing) occurring as a result of the reversal. To process a backdated activity, T24 follows the same procedure used for reversed activities (i.e. reversal and replaying of subsequent activities.

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Defining Activities

Activities are performed on either the entire Arrangement (i.e. New Arrangement) or on a specific Property (i.e. Change Principal Interest). Since Properties are user-defined, Temenos has specified the composition of each Activity as an Activity Class which targets either a Property Class or the entire Arrangement.

Each Activity Class is defined as a series of Property Class Actions and is Product Line specific as the actions used for servicing may differ between lines. An Activity is therefore an instance of an Activity Class.

Activity records are created in T24 primarily to allow users to enter language specific descriptions. The actions performed by an activity are determined at run-time by substituting the relevant Property names for the Property Class names.

Activity Class Definition

Each Activity Class lists the Property Class Actions in the order in which they will be processed. Additionally if a particular Property Class requires user input it will be flagged to indicate this.

The key of the each AA Activity Class is comprised of a Product Line, Verb, and Property Class:

 LENDING-NEW-ARRANGEMENT

 DEPOSITS-CHANGE-INTEREST

 LENDING-CALCULATE-PAYMENT.SCHEDULE

 DEPOSITS-ACCRUE-INTEREST

Additionally an Activity Class is categorized by how it is triggered:

 User –initiated by a user (e.g. New Arrangement, Change Interest, etc.)

 Transaction –runs as a result of a T24 transaction (e.g. Disburse, Make Payment,

etc.)

 Scheduled –run during close of business (e.g. Accrue Interest, Make Due, Age Bill,

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Structure

Figure 1 - Activity Class Attributes

Activity Instance

There are three types of Activity records:

 Entire Arrangement – When a Product Line is installed, T24 creates records for the

Activities which effect an entire arrangement (e.g. Lending-New-Arrangement, Lending-Close-Arrangement).

 Property – When a Property is defined by the user, T24 builds any corresponding

Activity Class instances. For example if a Principal Interest property is created, instances for all Interest Activity Classes will be created.

 User Defined – Users can create Activity Class instance to segregate a single Activity

Class (e.g. DISBURSE-TERM.AMOUNT) into multiple transaction-specific Activities (e.g. Disburse via ATM, Disburse via Teller, etc.).

Activities created by T24 can not be modified by the user. The user however can update and maintain their description fields.

The key of the each T24 maintained Activity is comprised of a Product Line, Verb, and Property as shown below:

 LENDING-NEW-ARRANGEMENT

 DEPOSITS-CHANGE-PRINCIPAL.INTEREST  LENDING-CALCULATE-REPAYMENT

 DEPOSITS-ACCRUE-CREDIT.INTEREST

Structure

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Processing Activities

Activities are initiated directly by a user, during COB, or as a result of a transaction (e.g. FT, TT, etc) on an Arrangement. Once initiated, T24 dynamically determines the appropriate Actions by substituting the appropriate Property names (based upon the Product being serviced) and then executing each Action in sequence.

An Activity has no business logic (i.e. code) as all of the business logic is contained within the Actions. Each Action determines whether it needs to perform any processing based upon a context of the Activity and the Arrangement details. If no processing is necessary it simply exits and the next Action is started.

Arrangement Activity

The Arrangement Activity application serves as both a mechanism to allow a user to initiate an Activity and as a record of each Activity that has been processed against an Arrangement.

For new arrangements the only activity available is ‘New Arrangement’. The user must enter the Customer and Product desired. For financial products the currency is also required.

Figure 3 - Arrangement Activity Fields for 'New Arrangement''

For existing arrangements, the user or T24 must specify an Arrangement ID, the desired Activity, and an Effective Date. Once the Arrangement ID is entered, the Activity field will be populated with the valid activities for the corresponding product. Once an Activity has been selected and any necessary user input completed, if there are any associated Activity Charges, the charge fields will be updated accordingly.

Figure 4 - Arrangement Activity with Charge Fields

For activities initiated by a T24 transaction, details of the transaction and the activity amount are recorded on the Arrangement Activity record. In the case of a transaction that results in multiple activities (e.g. a repayment which is for more than the due amount), multiple records are created and the ID of the first activity is stored as the linked activity.

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Figure 5 - Transaction initiated Arrangement Activity

User Input of an Activity

Unlike other T24 applications an Arrangement does not have a single record through which a user inputs the arrangement values. A user must first select which Activity they wish to accomplish, T24 will display all of the Arrangement’s Properties and allow input into any necessary ones.

This is accomplished through the use of a specific composite window which displays the Arrangement Activity in the top pane and the Properties in the bottom pane. Initially the bottom pane would be blank and based on the Arrangement and Activity selected, it will be dynamically populated.

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Activity Logging

An arrangement’s Arrangement Activity records represent a full history of the activities processed, in their original sequence. Certain activities such as “accrue interest” and “amortise charge” will not result in stored records as these activities will frequently be processed daily.

To allow reversals and back-valuations, it is essential to keep a log of the processed Activities and any corresponding Arrangement Property changes done against the arrangement. When an Activity is processed, the Activity and the Arrangement Properties affected are updated in the arrangement’s Activity Log record.

Figure 7 - Activity Log Attributes

The details of each Activity are stored in the Activity Log Details application.

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Activity Property Classes

Arrangement Activities can also be affected by conditions defined in the following Activity Property Classes:

 Activity Advices – sending messages through the T24 Delivery system

 Activity Charges – charging the customer for using an activity

 Activity Presentation – specific Property Class versions to be used when inputting an

activity

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