Chapter IV Analysis and Interpretation of Data

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Chapter IV

Analysis and Interpretation

of Data

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4.1 Display of data

The display of the Questionnaire result of the 1st to 5th semester students are presented below.

Encuesta

Objetivo: Encuestar a los alumnos del 1º al 5º ciclo de licenciatura en inglés de

la Universidad de oriente.

1 ¿Considera necesario que se imparta la signatura informática como herramienta para el aprendizaje del idioma Inglés?

2. ¿Considera que el programa de estudio de la carrera licenciatura en inglés debe incluir conocimiento básico de traducción para que el alumno sea capaz de traducir eficazmente de inglés a español y viceversa?

3. ¿Considera importante implementar el número de horas de las asignaturas en Inglés en el primer año de estudio de la carrera licenciatura en Inglés?

4. ¿Consideras necesario incrementar el numero de materias en inglés para mejorar y facilitar el aprendizaje de dicho idioma?

Si % No % 38 74.50% 13 25.50% Si % No % 38 74.50% 13 25.50% Si % No % 39 76.47% 12 23.53% Si % No %

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5. ¿Sugiera que materias deberían ser incluidas en el plan de Estudios de la carrera Licenciatura en Inglés? Mencione.

¾ Inglés Técnico ( 11 )

• Enfocado a la Administración de Empresas • Enfocado a Medicina.

• Enfocado a la informática. ¾ Técnicas de Traducción (8) ¾ Informática Educacional ( 7 )

¾ Cultura e Historia Inglesa- Americana (4) ¾ Métodos de lectura y comprensión (3) ¾ Gramática Española (2)

¾ Francés Básico (2)

6. ¿Considera que debería suministrarse a los alumnos de licenciatura en inglés una prueba estandarizada (TOEFL) o debería mantenerse el proyecto de graduación (Tesis) como requisitos de Graduación?

7 ¿Considera importante agregar la materia Inglés Técnico al plan de estudios de la carrera Licenciatura en Inglés? ¿En que áreas?

9 Enfocado ala Administración de Empresas. 9 Enfocado a la informática.

8. ¿Qué áreas considera con mayor grado de dificultad en el dominio del idioma inglés (Considere 1 como mayor y 6 como menor)

Grado de Dificultad de las Materias Frecuencia Porcentaje

Gramática 40 35.40

Lectura Comprensiva 13 11.50

Conversación 16 14.15

Compresión oral 13 11.50

28 54.90% 23 45.10%

TOEFL (Prueba) % Tesis %

27 52.94% 24 47.05%

Si % No % 51 100% 0 0%

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Pronunciación 14 12.38

Redacción 17 14.04

9. ¿Que materias deberían de incluirse en el plan de estudios de la carrera Licenciatura en Inglés para reforzar las habilidades de traducción de los alumnos?

9 Técnicas de Traducción ( 51) 9 Gramática Española (17)

10. ¿Considera que le plan de estudios de la carrera licenciatura en Inglés responde a las demandas laborales de El Salvador y la zona Oriental?

Si % No %

4 7.8% 47 92.15%

11. ¿Considera que el plan de estudio de la carrera Licenciatura en Inglés en la Universidad de Oriente promueve/ fortalece el idioma Ingles en nuestro país?

Si % No % 13 25.49% 38 74.50%

12. ¿Que materias deberían incluirse en el plan de estudios de la carrera Licenciatura en Inglés para ampliar el campo de trabajo del Licenciado en Inglés?

1. Informática 2. Técnicas de Traducción. 3. Inglés técnico. 4. Informática. 5. Traducción

13. La materia Expresión oral y escrita en Inglés I (tiene como objetivo crear bases técnicas para que el futuro profesional en inglés, sea competente al momento de traducir conferencias, charlas, libros, etc.) ¿Considera que la descripción de la materia tiene relación con el nombre de la asignatura?

Si % No %

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14. Como evalúa el plan de estudio con respecto a los cambios en el desarrollo socio-económico de la Zona Oriental?

¿Que cambios deberían hacerse para actualizar el plan de estudios a los cambios en el desarrollo socio-económico de la Zona Oriental?

a)

• El plan de estudios de la carrera licenciatura en inglés no esta actualizado a los cambios socio-económicos de la Zona Oriental.

b)

• Incluir traducción en plan de estudios.

15. ¿Que materias se deberían añadir al plan de estudio para mejorar las habilidades de comunicación en ingles de los Alumnos? (escritura, conversación, lectura y Comprensión)

• Conversación y vocabulario.

• Metodología para Lectura y comprensión del inglés. • Practica de Gramática. (Gramática en contexto)

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Questionnaire

The display of the Questionnaire result of the 6th to the 10thsemester students are presented below.

Objective: Ask the Students from the 6

th

to the 10

th

Semesters of the Bachelor in

English.

1. Do you agree adding computing sciences to the Bachelor in English Program?

Yes % No % 20 100% 0 0% 2.

a) Do you consider that the program takes into account strategies and techniques through which students must be able to translate from English to Spanish and vice versa?

Yes % No % 5 25% 15 75%

b) Do you agree the Bachelor in English program should include strategies and techniques through which students must be able to translate from English to Spanish and vice versa?

Yes % No % 15 75% 5 25%

3. Do you agree increasing the hours in the subjects Inglés Básico intensivo and Inglés Intermedio intensivo I?

Yes % No % 18 90% 2 10%

4. Do you agree increasing the number of subjects in English in the Bachelor in English program?

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14 70% 6 30% 5. Suggest which subjects should be included in the bachelor in English program?

6. Do you agree that the Bachelor in English students should be examined with a standardize exam such as TOEFL or execute a Graduation project (Thesis) in under to graduate?

TOEFL % Thesis %

8 40% 12 60% 7. Do you consider important adding subject like English for specific purpose

(Technical English)? If so, which technical areas should be added to the Bachelor in English program? Yes % No % 14 70% 6 30% AREAS FREQUENCY Technical English 14 Computing 14 Interpretation and translation Techniques 13 Basic Business and Administration 12 Basic Marketing 12 Psycholinguistics 9 American Idioms 2 Reading Techniques 2

Tourism and Hotels 1

Areas ( Technical English ) Frequency Percentage

Computer Sciences 20 40.81

Business and Administration 10 20.40

International Trade 11 22.44

Banking and Finance 3 6.12

Medicine 3 6.12

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8. Which areas do you consider should be strengthen in the Bachelor in English Program?

Areas for being strengthen Frequency Percentage

Grammar 6 11.32

Reading and Comprehension 6 11.32

Oral expression 15 28.30

Listening and Comprenhension 8 15.09

Pronunciation 8 15.09

Writing Skills 10 18.86

9. What subjects should be included to the program to reinforce the translation abilities of the students?

1. Translation and Interpretation Techniques 2. Technical English (ESP)

10. Do you consider the Bachelor of English program fulfills the employment demands of the Eastern region and the country employment demands?

Yes % No % 3 15% 17 85% 11. Do you consider the bachelor of English in the Universidad de Oriente it is focused

to strength and promote the English language in the country? Yes, no explain.

Yes % No %

1 5% 19 95%

12. Which subjects should be included in the Bachelor of English program to expand the working field of the Bachelor of English?

1. Computer Sciences 2. Translation Technique 3. Technical English (ESP)

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5. Basic Marketing

13. The objective of the subject "Expresión oral y Escrita en inglés I" is preparing the student to be capable to interpret and translate different kind of documents. Do you consider appropriate the description of the subject "Expresión oral y Escrita en inglés I" according to its name?

Yes % No %

0 0 20 100

14. How do you evaluate the Bachelor in English program according to the socio-economical development and changes of the Eastern Region? And which changes do you suggest in order to update the Bachelor in English program?

• The B.A. it is deficiently, it is not updated to the socio-economic changes. Which changes do you suggest in order to update the Bachelor in English program?

• Improve the Macro-abilities in the program. • Expand the working field include translation.

15. Based on the second objective of the Bachelor of English program (To prepare

professional of English capable to develop the 4 macro-abilities of the English language(writing ,speaking ,reading and comprehension ) Which subjects do you

consider can be added to the Bachelor of English program to improve the communicative abilities?

• Conversation I • Conversation II • Reading techniques.

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Guided Questionnaire.

The display of the interview result of the professors and undergraduate are presented below.

Objective: Interview professors and undergraduate students of the Bachelor in

English in the Universidad de Oriente.

1. Do you agree the bachelor in English program should have some knowledge of computing?

Yes % No % 8 100% 0 0% 2.

a) Do you agree the Bachelor in English program should include strategies and techniques through which students must be able to translate from English to Spanish and vice versa? If, so.

b) Which are the benefits of adding basic knowledge of translation strategies and techniques to the Bachelor in English program?

a)

Yes % No % 8 100% 0 0% b)

‚ Extend the working field of the Bachelor in English

‚ Gives the Students integral knowledge as a professional of English.

3. Do you agree increasing the hours of the subjects Inglés Básico intensivo and Inglés Intermedio intensivo I?

Yes % No % 7 87.5% 1 12.5% y Increase 10 hours weekly.

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4. Do you agree increasing the number of subjects in English?

Yes % No % 6 75% 2 25% 5. Suggest which subjects should be included in the Bachelor in English program?

¾ Basic Computing sciences.

¾ Interpretation and translation Techniques ¾ Technical English

¾ Basic Marketing and Business and Administration. ¾ Spanish Grammar.

¾ Basic French

¾ Methodology and Reading Techniques. ¾ British Literature.

¾ American Literature.

6. Do you agree the Bachelor in English student should be examined with a

standardized exam such as TOEFL or execute a graduation project in order to graduate?

TOEFL % Thesis % 6 75% 2 25%

7. Do you consider important adding subject like English for specific purpose (Technical English)?

Yes % No % 7 87.5% 1 12.5%

8. Which Changes that should be done in the program from the 6th to the 10th semester in the Bachelor in English Program?

• Adding Computing Sciences to the basic knowledge area. • Focus the subject Medios Audiovisuales (Audio- Visual Aids) to English language teaching.

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the Teaching of English Process.

• The subjects Expresión oral y escrita en Inglés I Y II ( oral and written

Expression in English I and II ) should emphasize the oral production ( fluency, pronunciation)and the development of the written abilities of the student. • Métodos y Técnicas de Investigación I (Research Methods and Techniques I)

should include in the program Quantitative as well as Qualitative Research.

9. According to the Bachelor of English professional-academic profile

“The Bachelor in English must be capable to translate different kinds of documents”. What subjects should be included in the program to reinforce the translation abilities of the students?

3. Technical English (ESP)

4. Translation and Interpretation Techniques

10. As major of English language based on your experiences. Do you consider the Bachelor of English program fulfills the employment demands of the Eastern region and the country employment demands?

Yes % No % 1 12.5 7 87.5 11. According to the professional-academic profile of the Bachelor of English (The

Bachelor in English shall promote and strengthen the English language in El Salvador)

Do you consider the bachelor of English in the Universidad de Oriente it is focused to strength and promote the English language in the country? Yes, no explain.

Yes % No % 2 25 6 75

12. Which subjects should be included in the Bachelor of English program to expand the working field of the Bachelor of English?

1. Computer Sciences 2. Translation Technique 3. Technical English (ESP)

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4. Basic knowledge of Marketing

5. Basic knowledge of Business and Administration

13. According to the description of the subject "Expresión oral y Escrita en inglés I (the subject goal is preparing the student to be capable to interprete and translate different kind of documents.) Do you consider appropriate the description of the subject "Expresión oral y Escrita en inglés I" according to its name?

Yes % No %

0 0 8 100

14.

a) What socio-economical changes do you identify in the eastern region? • Dollarization

• Globalization process.

• Establishment of international companies in the country.

b) How do you evaluate the Bachelor in English program according to the socio-economical development and changes of the Eastern Region?

• The B.A. it is deficiently not updated to the socio-economic changes.

Which changes do you suggest in order to update the Bachelor in English program? • Improve the Macro-abilities in the Bachelor in English program.

• Expand the working field include translation, and improving teaching Methodology of the language of the language.

15. Based on the second objective of the Bachelor of English program (To prepare

professional of English capable to develop the 4 macro-abilities of the English language(writing ,speaking ,reading and comprehension ) Which subjects do you

consider can be added to the Bachelor of English program to improve the communicative abilities?

• Conversation I

• Conversation and Oratory • Reading techniques.

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Chart displaying the changes in the subject of the program.

The target population in this research consisted of Students from 1st to 4 th semesters of bachelor in English Degree of the Universidad de Oriente, Students from 5th to 10th semesters of the bachelor in English Degree of the Universidad de Oriente, and Professors of the bachelor in English Degree and undergraduate students of the Universidad de Oriente.

Subjects

Deletion Unchanged Substitution

Teoría de Lenguaje

10

61

4

Filosofía

53

11

11

Psicología General

30

35 10

Pedagogía General

25

38

12

Estudio Lingüístico

del Español

3

70

2

Sociología

60

5

10

Inglés Básico

0

75 0

Inglés Intermedio I

1

73 1

Didáctica General

17

18

40

Gramática Inglesa I

2

73 0

Fonética Inglesa

3

71 1

Inglés Intermedio

Intensivo II

1

73 1

Introducción a la

Lingüística

2

70 3

Psicología

10

44 21

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Aplicada a la

Educación

Gramática Inglesa I

5

68 2

Inglés Avanzado I

2

72 1

Psicología del

Aprendizaje

20

39

16

Ingles Avanzado II

4

68 3

Expresión Oral y

Escrita en Inglés I

2

71

2

Planeamiento y

Desarrollo

Educativo

46

22

7

Análisis

Comparativo

Ingles Español

3

69

3

Expresión Oral y

Escrita en Inglés II

2

72

1

.Medios

Audiovisuales

14

22

39

.Metodología para

la Enseñanza del

Idioma Inglés y

Practica Docente

5

65

5

Lingüística

Aplicada

2

70 3

Lectura y

Conversación en

Inglés I

0

74

1

Gramática

Estructural

0

75 0

.Lectura y

Conversación en

Inglés II

0

75

0

Análisis Literario

en Inglés I

0

75

0

Métodos

Lingüísticos de

Trabajos de Campo

12

60

3

Métodos y

Técnicas de

Investigación I

39

31

5

(16)

Análisis Literario

en Inglés II

0

75 0

Lingüística

Diacrónica

0

74 1

Composición

Inglesa I

0

73 2

Supervisión

Educativa

65

6

4

Evaluación de los

Aprendizaje

61

9 5

Métodos y

Técnicas de

Investigación II

15

45 15

Practica

Profesional

1

73 1

Composición

Inglesa II

2

70

3

.Literatura Inglesa /

Americana

0

75 0

4.2.1 Summary Charts Displaying the Changes in the Subjects of the

Bachelor in English program.

DELETION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Filosofía

53

67.08

Sociología

60

75.94

Planeamiento y desarrollo educativo.

46

58.22

Métodos y técnicas de investigación

39

49.36%

Supervisión Educativa

65

82.27%

Evaluación de los aprendizajes

61

77.21%

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SUBSTITUTION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Didáctica General

40

50.63%

Medios Audiovisuales

39

49.36%

UNCHANGED FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Teoría del lenguaje 61

77.21%

Psicología General

35

44.30%

Pedagogía General

38

48.10%

Estudio Lingüístico del

Español

70

88.60%

Inglés Básico

75

94.93%

Inglés Intermedio

Intensivo I

73 92.40%

Gramática Inglesa I

73

92.40%

Fonética Inglesa

71

89.87%

Inglés Intermedio

intensivo II

73 92.40%

Introducción a la

Lingüística

70 88.60%

Psicología Aplicada ala

Educación

44 55.69%

Gramática Inglesa I

68

86.07%

Inglés Avanzado

Intensivo I

72 91.13%

Psicología del

Aprendizaje

39

49.36%

Ingles Avanzado

Intensivo II

68

86.07%

Expresión Oral y Escrita

en Inglés I

71

89.87%

Análisis comparativo

Ingles-Español II

69 87.34%

Expresión Oral y Escrita

en Inglés II

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Metodología para la

enseñanza del idioma

Ingles y Practica

Docente

65

82.27%

Lingüística Aplicada

70

88.60%

Lectura y Conversación

en Ingles I

75 94.93%

Lectura y Conversación

en Ingles II

74 93.67%

Gramática Estructural

75

94.93%

Análisis Literario en

Ingles I

75 94.93%

Métodos Lingüísticos de

Trabajo de Campo

60 75.94%

Análisis Literario en

Ingles II

75 94.93%

Lingüística Diacrónica

74

93.67%

Composición Inglesa I

73

92.40%

Métodos y Técnicas de

Investigación II

45 56.96%

Practica Profesional

73

92.40%

Composición Inglesa II

70

88.60%

Literatura Inglesa

/Americana

75

94.93%

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Subjects REMARKS 1.Inglés Básico 2. Inglés Intermedio Intensivo I 3Gramatica Inglesa I

Description Objectives Contents Methodology Bibliography

The

description Is updated and agreement with the name of the subject. The description is wrong. Students can’t natural communicate with the teacher and others students The description Is updated in agreement with the name of the subject. - Some objectives are not in agreement with the description. - Students can’t write composition by the low level. Students need improve the four macro-abilities The objectives are not in agreement with the name of the subject. The first objective need to be clearer. The third need to explain what is( formal and Informal )

The contents are in agreement with the name of the subject and with the description and some objectives. The contents it is in agreement with the name of the subject and with the description and objectives

The contents are not in agreement with the name of the subject The contents contain compositions, it can’t be because it is -The percentage of student’s participation is limited to the 25%. - The subject hours are limited to 80 hours in a basic level. The subject needs to increase the number of hours.

- The class hours are limited to 80 hours in a Basic level (Intermediate I). The subject needs to increase the number of hours.

The use of the English laboratory it is not in agreement with the description of the subject The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors. The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and

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4.3 Text Analysis

grammar I authors

Subjects REMARKS

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4.Fonetica Inglesa 5. Inglés Intermedio Intensivo II 6.Introducción a la Lingüística Inglesa 7. Gramática Inglesa II The description Is updated and agreement with the name of the subject.

The description Is update and agreement with the name of the subject.

The description Is update and agreement with the name of the subject. The description Is update and agreement with The objectives are in agreement with the description and agreement with the name of the subject. The objectives are in agreement with the description and agreement with the name of the subject.

The third objective is not in agreement with the content and the name of the subject.

The first and second objectives are The contents are agreements with the name of the subject with the description and agreement with the objectives The contents are agreements with the name of the subject with the description and agreement with the objectives The contents are agreements with the name of the subject with the description and agreement with the objectives The contents are

- The class hours are limited to 80 hours The subject needs to increase the number of hours. The strategies are wrong Expositive class 25% Participation, practice ( lab ) works out – class 75% Students need to speak more The methodological strategies are unclear with the definition and objectives but the percentage is good. The methodological strategies are The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors. The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors. The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors. The bibliography is in

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8. Inglés Avanzado I

the name of the subject.

The description Is update and agreement with the name of the subject.

wrong with the name of the subject The third objective is not in agreement with the content and the name of the subject. *( to increase the syntactical and phonological knowledge) agreements with the name of the subject with the description and agreement with the objectives The contents are agreements with the name of the subject with the description and agreement with the objectives more theoretical than practical. The methodology is applied appropriating in this subject. agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors. The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors.

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Subjects REMARKS 9. Inglés Avanzado II 10. Expresión Oral y Escrita en Inglés I 11. Análisis Comparativo Inglés – Español 12. Expresión Oral y Escrita en Inglés II 13. Lectura y Conversación I

Description Objectives Contents Methodology Bibliography

The description Is good but

students need apply the four macro-abilities

The definition is not in agreement with the name of the subject.

The description Is update and agreement with the name of the subject.

The definition is not in agreement with the name of the subject. The description is unclear with the name of the subject. It is not in agreement. The objectives are in agreement but students need apply the four macro abilities

The objectives are not in agreement with the name of the subject.

The objectives are in agreement with the description and with the name of the subject.

The objectives are not in agreement with the name of the subject. The objectives are understandable The contents are in agreement but students need apply the speaking By the name of the subject. The content is not in agreement with the name of the subject.

The contents are in agreement with the name of the subject with the description and agreement with the objectives The content is not in agreement with the name of the subject. Is good but students needing apply punctuation in reading and conversation. The percentage of students participation is limited to the 50% students need speak more The strategies are wrong Expositive class 25% Participation, practice ( lab ) works out – class 75% Students need to speak more In agreement with all the strategies and methodology

In agreement with all the strategies and methodology In agreement with all the strategies and methodology The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors. The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors. The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors. The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors.

The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors.

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Subjects REMARKS 14. Métodos Lingüísticos de Investigación 15.Lingüística Aplicada 16. Lectura y Conversación II 17.Gramatica Estructural.

Description Objectives Contents Methodology Bibliography

The description Is updated and agreement with the name of the subject.

But don’t say about teacher practice.

The description Is update and agreement with the name of the subject.

.

The description Is update and agreement with the name of the subject.

The description Is updated and agreement with the name of the subject. The first objective is wrong. How students can apply strategies, rules, etc from Didactica General. (Spanish subject) The objectives are in agreement with the description and agreement with the name of the subject. The objectives are in agreement with the description and agreement with the name of the subject. The objectives are in agreement with the name of the subject. The contents are not in agreement with the name of the subject The four content need to be more specific ( unclear ) The contents are not in agreement with the name of the subject

Some contents are wrong and understandable The methodology is acceptable The methodology ais acceptable The methodology is acceptable The methodology is acceptable The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors. The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors. The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors. The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors.

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18. Análisis Literario I 19. Análisis Literario II 20. Lingüística Diacrónica. The description is not in agreement with the name of the subject.

* ( To read and

enjoy the British literature) The description needs to be explained in another way ( unclear the information ) The description Is update and agreement with the name of the subject. The objectives are in agreement with the description and agreement with the name of the subject. The objectives are in agreement with the description and agreement with the name of the subject. The objectives are in agreement with the name of the subject. The contents are agreements with the name of the subject with the description and agreement with the objectives The contents are agreements with the name of the subject with the description and agreement with the objectives The contents are agreements with the name of the subject with the description and agreement with the objectives The methodology is acceptable The methodology is acceptable Oral expositions and groups activities 75% Investigation activity and works out-class 25% The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors. The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors. The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors.

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Subjects REMARKS 21.Composición Inglesa I 22. Practica Profesional. 23. Composición Inglesa II 24.Literatura Americana e Inglesa

Definition Objectives Contents Methodology Bibliography

The description is updated and agreement with the name of the subject

In agreement but the subject is only focused in the teacher practice. What about other areas? The description is updated and agreement with the name of the subject

The description is updated and agreement with the name of the subject Some objectives are unclear. It has to be explained in other way. In agreement but not all the students will be teachers like said the objectives The objectives are not in agreement with the name of the subject. The objectives are in agreement with the description and with the name of the subject. The contents are agreements but some of them are not clear. It has to be explained in other way In agreement but not all the students will be teachers like said the objectives In agreement but not all the students will be teachers like said the objectives In agreement but not all the students will be teachers like said the objectives In agreement with all the strategies and methodology

In agreement with all the strategies and methodology

In agreement with all the strategies and methodology

In agreement with all the strategies and methodology

The

bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors. The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors. The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors. The bibliography is in agreement with the name of the subject, but it needs to update some books and authors.

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4.4 Triangulation

Triangulation is one of the most commonly used and best known ways of checking for validity. The aim of triangulation is to gather multiple perspectives on the situation being studied. The triangulation compares the result of data of the different samples ( 1st to 5th semester students, 6th to 10th semester students, Professors/ undergraduates students) to establish agreement of the whole population.

1. Adding computing sciences to the Bachelor in English Program.

YES Students 1st - 5th Students 6th to 10th Professors/ undergraduates students Nº % Nº % Nº % 38 74.50% 20 100% 8 100%

Chart Nº 1 shows the agreement for adding computing sciences to the Bachelor in English program.

2.

a) Consider that the program takes into account strategies and techniques through which students must be able to translate from English to Spanish and vice versa.

b) Including techniques and strategies of translation to the Bachelor in English Program?

a)

No % No % 5 25% 15 75%

Charts 2.0 shows that the program does not take into account strategies and techniques through which students must be able to translate from English to Spanish and vice versa. b) YES Students 1st - 5th Students 6th to 10th Professors/ undergraduates students Nº % Nº % Nº % 38 74.50% 15 75% 8 100%

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Chart Nº2.1 shows the agreement for Including techniques and strategies of translation to the Bachelor in English Program through which students must be able to translate from English to Spanish and vice versa.

3. Increasing the hours in the subjects Inglés Básico intensivo and Inglés Intermedio intensivo I. YES Students 1st - 5th Students 6th to 10th Professors/ undergraduates students Nº % Nº % Nº % 39 76.47% 18 90% 7 12.5%

Chart Nº 3 shows the agreement to increase the hours in the subjects Inglés Básico Intensivo y Inglés Intermedio intensivo I.

4. Increasing the number of subjects (in English) in the Bachelor in English program.

YES Students 1st - 5th Students 6th to 10th Professors/ undergraduates students Nº % Nº % Nº % 28 54.90% 14 70% 7 12.5%

Chart Nº 4 shows the agreement to increase the number of subjects in English in the Bachelor in English program.

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Students 1st - 5th Students 6th to 10th Professors/ undergraduates students

Technical English (ESP) Technical English (ESP) Technical English (ESP) Computing Sciences Computing Sciences Computing Sciences

Interpretation and Translation Techniques Interpretation and Translation Techniques Interpretation and Translation Techniques

Reading Techniques Methodology and Reading Techniques

Methodology and Reading Techniques

Spanish Grammar Spanish Grammar

Basic Marketing and Business Administration Basic Marketing and Business Administration

Chart Nº 5 shows subjects suggested by the Population of the study to be added in the Bachelor in English program.

6. Do you agree that the Bachelor in English students should be examined with a standardize exam such as TOEFL or execute a Graduation project (Thesis) in under to graduate? 1st

to 5

th

TOEFL

%

Graduation project (Thesis)

%

27

52.94% 24 47.05%

6

th

to 10

th

TOEFL

%

Graduation project (Thesis)

%

8 40% 12

60%

Professors/ undergraduates students

TOEFL

%

Graduation project (Thesis)

%

6

75% 2

25%

Chart Nº 6 shows the importance of examined with a standardize exam such as TOEFL and execute a Graduation project (Thesis) in under to graduate.

(30)

7. Adding Technical areas (ESP). Technical areas that should be added to the subject English for specific purposes (ESP) in the Bachelor in English program.

YES Students 1st - 5th Students 6th to 10th Professors/ undergraduates students Nº % Nº % Nº % 51 100% 14 70% 7 87.5%

Chart Nº 7 shows the agreement of adding technical English (ESP) to the Bachelor in English program.

Chart Nº 8 shows the Technical areas that should be added to the subject English for specific purposes (ESP) in the Bachelor in English program.

8. a) Areas that should be strengthen in the Bachelor in English Program from the 1st to 5th Semester.

Areas for being strengthen Frequency Percentage

Grammar 46 27.71%

Oral expression 31 18.67%

Writing Skills 27 16.26%

Pronunciation 22 13.25%

Listening and Comprenhension 21 12.65%

Reading and Comprehension 19 11.44%

Areas ( Technical English ) Frequency Percentage

Computer Sciences

41 51.25%

Business and Administration

28 35%

International Trade

(31)

Chart Nº 9 shows the areas that should be strengthen from the 1st to 5th semester. b) Changes that should be done in the program from the 6th to the 10th semester.

Changes in the program from the 6

th

to the 10

th

semester.

•Adding Computing Sciences to the basic knowledge area.

•Focus the subject Medios Audiovisuales (Audio- Visual Aids) to English language teaching.

• The subject Psicología del Aprendizaje should be related to the Teaching of English Process.

•The subjects Expresión oral y escrita en Inglés I Y II ( oral and written

Expression in English I and II ) should emphasize the oral production ( fluency, pronunciation)and the development of the written abilities of the student.

• Métodos y Técnicas de Investigación I (Research Methods and Techniques I) should include in the program Quantitative as well as Qualitative Research

Chart Nº 10 shows changes in the Basic area, Pedagogical area, and Psychological area, Area of abilities of communication of the foreign language and Research area.

9. Subjects that should be included to the program to reinforce the translation abilities of the students. Students 1st - 5th Students 6th to 10th Professors/ undergraduates students

Technical English (ESP) Technical English (ESP) Technical English (ESP)

Interpretation and Translation Techniques Interpretation and Translation Techniques Interpretation and Translation Techniques

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Chart Nº 11 shows the agreement of Subjects that should be included to the program to reinforce the translation abilities of the students.

10. Does the Bachelor of English program fulfill the employment demands of the Eastern region and the country employment demands?

No Students 1st - 5th Students 6th to 10th Professors/ undergraduates students Nº % Nº % Nº % 47 92.15% 17 85% 7 87.5%

Chart Nº 12 shows the Bachelor of English does not program fulfill the employment demands of the Eastern region and the country employment demands.

11. Does the bachelor of English in the Universidad de Oriente it is focused to strength and promotes the English language in the country? Yes, no explain.

No Students 1st - 5th Students 6th to 10th Professors/ undergraduates students Nº % Nº % Nº % 47 92.15% 19 95% 6 75%

The chart Nº 13 shows that the bachelor of English in the Universidad de Oriente it is not focused to strength and promotes the English language in the country.

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12. Subjects that should be included in the Bachelor of English program to expand the working field of the Bachelor of English.

Students 1st - 5th Students 6th to 10th Professors/ undergraduates students Technical English (ESP) Technical English (ESP) Technical English (ESP)

Computing Sciences Computing Sciences Computing Sciences

Translation Techniques

Interpretation and Translation Techniques

Interpretation and Translation Techniques Basic Marketing Basic Marketing

Basic

Business Administration

Basic

Business Administration

Chart Nº 14 shows Subjects that should be included in the Bachelor of English program to expand the working field of the Bachelor of English.

13. The objective of the subject "Expresión oral y Escrita en inglés I" is preparing the student to be capable to interpret and translate different kind of documents. Does the description of the subject is appropriate according to its name?

No Students 1st - 5th Students 6th to 10th Professors/ undergraduates students Nº % Nº % Nº % 51 100% 20 100% 8 100%

Chart Nº 15 shows that the description of the subject it is not appropriate according to its name. Because the subject"Expresión oral y Escrita en inglés I" refers to develop the writing and communication abilities of the students.

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14.

a) Socio-economical changes do you identify in the eastern region?

b) Evaluation of the Bachelor in English program according to the socio-economical development and changes of the Eastern Region.

c) Changes that suggest in order to updating the Bachelor in English program.

a)

• Globalization process.

• Establishment of international companies in the country. b)

• The B.A. it is deficiently, it is not updated to the socio-economic changes in the eastern region.

c)

• Improve the Macro-abilities in the program. • Expand the working field include translation.

• Expand the working field include translation, and improving teaching Methodology of the language of the language.

15. Based on the second objective of the Bachelor of English program (To prepare

professional of English capable to develop the 4 macro-abilities of the English language(writing ,speaking ,reading and comprehension ) Which subjects do you

consider can be added to the Bachelor of English program to improve the communicative abilities?

• Conversation and vocabulary • Conversation and Oratory

• Methodology and Reading techniques.

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4.5 Summary Charts and Graphics.

The results about the collected data are shown through three graphic which display the percentage of subject changes per each area in the Bachelor in English program.

DELETION FREQUENCY

PERCENTAGE

Basic Area

2

33.3%

Pedagogical Area

3

50%

Research Area

1

16.6%

TOTAL 6 100%

Chart

4.1 Shows the deletion frequency and percentage per area.

Pedagogica Area, 50% Research Area, 16.60% Basic Area, 33.30% Basic Area Pedagogical Area Research Area

Graphic 4.1 Shows the deletion percentage per area.

Analysis: The Graphic 4.1 Shows that the deletion changes were done in the Pedagogical Area (50%), Basic Area (33.3%) and Research Area (16.60%).

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Chart 4.2 Shows the substitution frequency and percentage per area.

Pedagogic

al Area,

50%

Basic Area,

50%

Basic Area

Pedagogical

Area

Graphic 4.2 Shows the substitution percentage per area.

Analysis: The Graphic 4.2 Shows that the substitution changes were done in the Basic Area (50%), Pedagogical Area (50%).

SUBSTITUTION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Basic Area

1 50%

Pedagogical Area

1 50%

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UNCHANGED FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Basic Area 2 6.45%

Psychological Area 2 6.45%

Spanish Linguistics Area 2 6.45%

English Linguistics Area

8 25.80% English Teaching -Learning

Methodology

2 6.45%

Research Area 2 6.45%

Literature Area 3 9.67%

Areas of Abilities of communication of the foreign

language.

10 32.25%

TOTAL 31 100% Chart 4.3 Shows the unchanged subjects frequency and percentage per area.

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Subjects Deletion Percentage

English 0 0% Spanish 6 100% Total 6 100%

Chart 4.4 Shows the frequency and percentage of deletion changes in English and Spanish subject.

Graphic 4.4 Shows the percentage of deletion changes in English and Spanish subjects. Analysis: The Graphic 4.4 Shows that the deletion changes were done changes in the Spanish subjects (100%) also the graphic 4.4 shows that none deletion changes were done in the English subjects (0%).

Subjects Substitution Percentage

English 0 0% Spanish 2 100% Total 2 100%

Chart 4.5 Shows the frequency and percentage of substitution changes in English and Spanish Subject. Spanish 100% English 0% English Spanish

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English 0% Spanish 100% English Spanish

Chart 4.5 Shows the percentage of substitution changes in English and Spanish subject. Analysis: The Graphic 4.5 Shows that the substitution changes were done changes in the Spanish subjects (100%) also the graphic 4.5 shows that none substitution changes were done in the English subjects (0%).

Subjects Unchanged Percentage

English 25 78.12% Spanish 7 21.87%

Total 32 100%

Chart 4.6 shows the unchanged frequency and percentage in English and Spanish Subjects English , 78.12% Spanish, 21.87% English Spanish

Graphic 4.6 Shows the unchanged frequency and percentage in English and Spanish Subjects.

Analysis: The Graphic 4.6: Shows the percentage of subject in English and Spanish that do not had changes of deletion or substitution.

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Conclusions

The Bachelor in English must be prepared to face the socio-economical changes in El Salvador as the Dollarization, the Globalization process and the establishment of international companies in the country and the development that is taking placed in the eastern region as a result of the reactivation of la Union port.

Through the study it was evaluated the Bachelor in English program that it is not updated with the socio- economical as Dollarization and Establishment of

international companies in the country resulted of the Globalization process. Also, it is not updated to the educational changes in the eastern region and it does not fulfill the main education necessaries.

The deficiencies in the Areas of communication Abilities of the foreign language shall be decreased including subject as:

y Technical English (ESP)

(41)

The Professional- Academic profile of the Bachelor in English shall be improved and the working field of the Bachelor in English shall be expanded adding subject as:

y Computing Sciences

y Interpretation and Translation techniques

y Spanish Grammar

y Basic Marketing and Business and Administration

(42)

Recommendations

• To update the unchanged subject’s bibliography.

• The methodology shall be more practical than theoretical.

• The Library shall acquire more books for the English

Teaching. Learning Methodology, Translation and Technical

English.

• The English laboratory shall be improved according to the

Technological advances.

(43)

Bibliography

References:

• BURNS, Anne; Collaborative Action Research for English Teachers. Cambridge University Press, 1999.

• Manual de Capacitación para talleres de trabajo sobre el uso de la Metodología de la investigación cualitativa.

• KEMMIS, Stephen, MCTAGGART, Robin; Como Planificar la Investigación Acción. Editorial Laertes.

• Microsoft ENCARTA Encyclopedia 2005

• Plan 20 – 21. Ministerio de Educación

• Océano Grupo editorial ; Gramática práctica, OCÉANO

• MUNGUÍA ZATARAIN, Irma; Gramática Lengua Española: Reglas y Ejercicios, LAROUSE 7ª Edición

• GRAUER, Robert T. Introduction a la Informática PEARSON

• IATROS, ATLAS DE Informática Editorial THEMA

• FREEMAN LARSEN; Diane, Techniques and principle in English Teaching OXFORD

• HALIWELL; Susan The Learning Strategies , LOGMAN

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• STANTON, William J. ETZER, Michael, WALKER, Bruce J. Fundamentos de Marketing; MCGRAW HILL

• ROBBINS, Stephen P. Dencezo, David A Fundamentos de Administración PRENTICE HALL

• PARKINSON de SAZ, Sara M. Traducción Directa e Inversa EMPEÑO 14

• MACZIOLA JONES,Sarah Getting ahead a Comunication Skill Coure for Business CAMBRIDGE

• MASCULL, Bill Business Vocabulary in use CAMBRIDGE

• ESTERAS REMACHAS, Santiago English for computer user CAMBRIDGE

• M PAZ SANDIN, Esteban Investigación Cualitativa en Educación MCGRAW HILL

Web sites:

• www.encarta.com • www.univo.edu.sv.

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