Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Regional Office IX, Zamboanga Peninsula
Quarter 3 – Module 1:
Features of Drama and Novel
Name of Learner:
Grade & Section:
English – Grade 8
Alternative Delivery Mode
Quarter 3 – Module 1: Identify the distinguishing features of notable poems, short stories and novels contributed by Southeast Asian writers First Edition, 2020
Republic Act 8293, section 176 states that: No copyright shall subsist in any work of
the Government of the Philippines. However, prior approval of the government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary for the exploitation of such work for a profit. Such agency or office may, among other things, impose as a condition the payment of royalties.
Borrowed materials (i.e., songs, stories, poems, pictures, photos, brand names, trademarks, etc.) included in this module are owned by their respective copyright holders. Every effort has been exerted to locate and seek permission to use these materials from their respective copyright owners. The publisher and authors do not represent nor claim ownership over them.
Published by the Department of Education Secretary: Leonor Magtolis Briones Undersecretary: Diosdado M. San Antonio
Printed in the Philippines by ________________________ Department of Education – Region IX
Office Address: ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ Telefax: ____________________________________________ E-mail Address: __________________________________
Development Team of the Module
Writer: Emie Joy B. Luna
Editor: Judith Agnes P. Anglacer, MAEd
Reviewer: Valeriafides G. Corteza, PhD.
Layout Artist: Jovie R. Cruz, MAEd
Roy C. Tuballa, EMD.JD.CESO VI Jay S. Montealto, CESO VI
Norma T. Francisco, DM Mildred D. Dayao, Ed.D.
Valeriafides G. Corteza, PhD. Aida Coyme, Ed. D.
Printed in the Philippines
Department of Education Region IX – Zamboanga Peninsula
Office Address: Pres. Corazon C. Aquino Regional Government Center, Balintawak, Pagadian City, Zamboanga del Sur Province 7016
Telefax: (062) 215-3753, 215-3751, 991-1907, 215-3789 E-mail Address: email@example.com
What I Need to Know
This module is done for you to appreciate different drama and novel pieces by Southeast Asian writers. By studying this module, you will get to know the different customs and traditions of African and Asian countries and many of the writings from Afro-Asian literature that greatly influenced the rest of the world.
In this module, you are expected to:
Identify the distinguishing features of notable poems, short stories, drama, and novels contributed by Southeast Asian Writers.
a. Define drama and novel;
b. Differentiate between drama and novel;
c. List examples of famous drama and novels in Southeast Asia
What I Know
Directions: Choose the letter of the best answer. Write your answer on a separate sheet of paper.
1. Which of the following statements is NOT true about drama? A. One of the literary genres
B. It consists of one element.
C. Refers to the performance of written dialogue
D. A person who writes it for stage directions is known as a dramatist. 2. It refers to a person who tells the story, usually in the third person.
A. Director B. Actor C. Narrator D. Speaker
3. The other term for a dramatist. A. Character
B. Actor C. Performer D. Playwright
4. Which of the following statement is NOT true about a novel? A. A long narrative work
B. It is in prose form
C. Does not require all the elements to be a good novel D. Displays only one aspect of life
5. Which of the following does not belong to the types of a novel? A. Musical
B. Mysteries C. Thrillers D. Romantic
DRAMA AND NOVEL
Before we discuss our lesson, let us talk about literature in Southeast Asia.
Literature in Southeast Asia is almost a mixture of traditional culture, religion, and other beliefs, all combined. As most people couldn’t read, legends and folklore were passed on by word of mouth, dance, and writing. Drama and Novel are known in these Southeast Asian countries.
Directions: Read the given passage and answer the questions below. Write your answer on a separate sheet of paper.
1. What is the passage all about?
a. K.H. Lim who was born and raised in Brunei b. The novel entitled “Written In Black” in 2014 c. The mother’s sudden departure to Australia d. The passing of Ah Kong
Written In Black, a novel in Brunei
K.H. Lim, who was born and raised in Brunei, released his debut Written In Black in 2014. It is a coming-of-age novel set in Brunei that tells the story of Jonathan Lee, who mourns the passing of his Ah Kong (grandfather) and his mother’s sudden departure to Australia. Left with no communication at all, he resolves to get in touch, in one way or another, with his mother. This short but heart-warming novel explores cultural and familial themes.
3 2. Whose story is tackled in Written in Black?
a. K.H. Lim c. Ah Kong b. Jonathan Lee d. Mother 3. What type of novel is the given passage?
a. Mystery c. Science Fiction b. Romantic d. Historical
Directions: Look at the given examples. Write letter D for drama and N for novel. Write your answer on a separate sheet of paper.
__________1. Witten in Black, by K.H LIM (Brunei)
__________2. The Road to Wanting, by Wendy Law Yone (Myanmar) __________3. El Filibusterismo, By Jose Rizal (Philippines)
__________4. Daulat, by Imran Sheik ( Malaysia)
__________5. Present Still Perfect, by Aam Anusorn Soisa-Ngims(Thailand )
Activity 1: Let’s check it out!
Directions: Write TRUE if the statement is correct and if it is false, change the underlined word/phrase to make the statement correct. Write your answer on a separate sheet of paper. __________1. Novel is usually published as a single book.
__________2. It does not require all the elements to be a good novel.
__________3. A drama presents a whole picture as compared to a short story. __________4. A novel displays only one aspect of life.
__________5. Comedy, Tragedy, Farce, Melodrama and Musical drama are all elements of drama.
What Is It
Drama is one of literary genres or composition written in verse or prose. The term “drama” comes from a Greek word meaning “dran,” which means “to do/act” or “to perform.” It refers to the performance of written dialogue and stage action. The person who writes drama for stage directions is known as a “dramatist” or “playwright.”
The drama elements involve character, setting, plot, point of view, theme, and techniques such as acts, scenes, dialogue, and stage directions.
Let us consider a few popular types of drama: Comedy, Tragedy, Farce, Melodrama, and Musical drama.
1. Comedy – Comedies are lighter in tone than ordinary works and provide a happy conclusion. The intention of dramatists in comedies is to make their audience laugh. Hence, they use quaint circumstances, unusual characters, and witty remarks.
2. Tragedy – Tragic dramas use darker themes, such as disaster, pain, and death. Protagonists often have a tragic flaw — a characteristic that leads them to their downfall. 3. Farce – Generally, a farce is a nonsensical genre of drama, which often overacts or engages slapstick humor.
4. Melodrama – Melodrama is an exaggerated drama, which is sensational and appeals directly to the senses of the audience. Just like the farce, the characters are of a single dimension and simple or maybe stereotyped.
5. Musical Drama – In musical dramas, dramatists tell their stories through acting and dialogue but through dance and music. Often the story may be comedic, though it may also involve serious subjects.
On the other hand, the novel is a long narrative work of fiction with some realism. It is often in prose form and is published as a single book. The word ‘novel’ has been derived from the Italian word ‘novella’ which means “new.” Similar to a short story, a novel has some features like a representation of characters, dialogues, setting, plot, climax, conflict, and resolution. However, it does not require all the elements to be a good novel.
There are many types of novels. They include mysteries, thrillers, suspense, detective, science fiction, romantic, historical, realist, or even postmodern.
A novel presents a whole picture compared to a short story that displays only one aspect of life or one side of the story.
It also shows a vast panorama to its readers to see the story through an age in which it is presented. A novel also presents a conflict and resolution. It is a strong tool to present the philosophical, historical, social, cultural, and moral perspectives for a writer.
Below are examples of Southeast Asian Dramas and Novels with the name of the author and country:
Activity 1: Fix Me
Directions: Arrange the Jumbled Letters to form the word. Write your answer on a separate sheet of paper.
_____________1. L L O A N V E
( Latin word for novel )
_____________2. R E P O S
( A form of written language that follows a basic grammatical structure)
_____________3. L A Y P T W G H R I
( A person who writes drama for stage directions)
_____________4. S N S E U P S E
( A type of novel )
_____________5. S U I H E T C N Q E
( An element in drama )
Present Still Perfect by Aam Anusora Soisa-ngims (Thailand)
The Crossing: A Story of East Timor By Luis Cardoso
Nanti Kita Cerita Tentang Hari Ini by Angga Dwimas Sasongko (Indonesia )
Ponti by Sharlene Teo (Singapore) Daulat by Imran Sheik
Bright by Duanwad Pimwan (Thailand)
Puteri Gunung Ledang by Gusti Putri Retno Dumillah
When Heaven and Earth Changed Places by Le Ly Hayslip
An Evening At The Opera by Floy Quintos (Philippines)
Noli Me Tangere by Jose Rizal (Philippines)
Dark Race by Dang Chuong (Vietnam)
Man Tiger by Eka Kuniawan ( Indonesia )
Activity 1: Matching Type
Directions: Identify the different types of drama. Match Column A with Column B. Write your answer on a separate sheet of paper.
______1.Melodrama A. This 1980s film follows the story of young children who find themselves ______2. Tragedy in charge of an alien who is trying to make his way back to his home ______3. Comedy planet. Throughout the movie, the children an alien encounter dramatic ______4. Farce situations in which they struggle with the adults in life in order to protect ______5. Musical drama their new friend.
B. The Woman in the Septic Tankis a cheeky
backstage of the poverty-film genre frequently exported by developing nations. Their Septic Tank begins in the stench of the Manila slums, as a mother of seven sets out to sell one of her children pedophiles.
C. Tropang Trumpo is a show that has unique way of showcasing funny and amusing acts. It was aired from 1994 to 1999. This type of show serves as an escape from life’s problems.
D. The Javanese and Balinese shadow Puppet Theater based on the Ramayana epic, with its brilliant puppeteers (dalang) who may manipulate over a hundred puppets in all-night oral performances accompanied by a gamelan orchestra.
E. The story of Romeo and Juliet, wherein the message fails to reach Romeo, and believing Juliet is dead; he
takes his life in her tomb. Juliet wakes to find Romeo’s corpse beside her and kills herself
What I Have Learned
Drama, as a form, is written exclusively as lines spoken by different characters. On the other hand, a novel presents a whole picture compared to a short story, displaying only one aspect of life or one side of the story. Both are genres of literature.
Let’s do this!
Directions: Read the texts and fill the gaps. Choose the answer from the words inside the box. Write your answer on a separate sheet of paper.
Drama is one of literary 1.__________or composition written in verse or prose. The term “drama” comes from a Greek word meaning 2._________, which means “to do/act” or “to perform”. It refers to the performance of written 3.___________and stage action. The person who writes drama for stage directions is known as a “dramatist” or
4.__________.The elements of Drama involve character, setting, plot, point of view, theme
and 5._________ such as acts, scenes, dialogue, and stage directions.
A Novel is a long 1._________work of fiction with some realism. It is often in prose form and is published as a single book. The word ‘novel’ has been derived from the Italian word 2._________ which means “new”. Similar to a short story, a novel has some
3.___________ like a representation of characters, dialogues, setting, plot, climax, conflict,
and4.__________. However, it does not require all the 5.____________ to be a good novel.
Playwright Dran Dialogue
Novella Resolution Narrative
What I Can Do
Directions: Using the Venn diagram, compare and contrast the definition and elements between Drama and Novel. Write your answer on a separate sheet of paper.
A. Directions: Identify the following items below. Write D for drama and N for a novel.
____________1. When Heaven and Earth Changed Places by Le Ly Hayslip ____________ 2. Ponti by Sharlene Teo
_____________3. Present Still Perfect by Aam Anusora Soisa-ngims _____________4. An Evening At The Opera by Floy Quintos (Philippines) _____________5. Dark Race by Dang Chuong
B. Directions: Identify the country where the author comes from. Write Ma for Malaysia, In for Indonesia, Ph for Philippines, and Th for Thailand. Write your answer on a separate sheet of paper.
_____________1. Gusti Putri Retno Dumillah (Puteri Gunung Ledang) _____________2. Imran Sheik (Daulat)
_____________3. Eka Kuniawan (Man Tiger) _____________4. Jose Rizal (Noli Me Tangere) _____________5. Duanwad Pimwan (Bright )
Activity 1: Word Search
Directions: Look for the nine types of the novels inside the box. Encircle these words.
Mysteries thrillers suspense
Detective science fiction romantic
Historical realist postmodern
O P C F E H G E X P L P N A T I O N H I K R C Q E F G D P Q R R O W E R T Y U I L P E D R F E H E O R Q S S B N O H S T S U I A E S G D D T N S P T T C F M H J K T L U L S T H C I E M T O U M T E A B M X O G H I G U I B P C L U N V O R T N G H J R L L S H V J A E T K V M B D D W T U R T I U N T O N C H R I N O L O E I C I L R E C T R S I W K Z S V J W L C M S D C G H A A H M T J X L Y U E I X K D N C V B N H J L R H U K Y M X A L H Y J E J U F G H H J K I K V L Z N W S M G Z I F K S R T Y T J K L L M Y S T E R I E S H G L S T Y U I K L L P X N B P U O O E B G H M S U S P E N S E R Y O C Q T N P D C F I K O W E T Y U I R O S C I E N C E F I C T I O N G H J K L S P
10 Activity 2: Arrange Me
Directions: Plot is one element of drama. Using the graphic organizer, arrange the order of events from the tale of Ch’unhyang. Choose the answers from the box. Answer this in a separate sheet of paper.
► Yi Mon-Yong took his bride to Seoul and presented her to his parents. They accepted her as a daughter-in-law. In time, Ch’unhyang bore three sons and two daughters, and they all lived happily for many years come.
► Yi Mong-Yong arrived in Namwon and learned of the situation. He dressed himself as a beggar to enter the palace during a feast given by the new Namwon magistrate. He revealed himself as an amhaengosa and banished the evil magistrate to a faraway land. He also saved Ch’unhyang from miserable death.
► The new Namwon magistrate arrived and summoned Ch’unhyang to be is wife. Ch’unhyang refused because she is committed to Yi Mong-Yong. Her defiance enraged the magistrate and he ordered her taken to prison and sentenced to death.
► Not long after the secret marriage, the servant brought Yi Mong-Yong a message saying that his father, newly appointed to the King’s cabinet, was being recalled to the capitol. ► Once there lived in the province of Cholla, in the town of Namwon, a magistrate’s son named Yi Mong-Yong. And a lovely maiden named Ch’unhyang.
12 En han cem en t activity Acti vity 2
Resolution-Yi Mon -Y ong took his bride to Seoul and prese nted h er to his pare nts. The y a cce pte d h er as a daughter -in -la w. I n ti me, Ch’unh yang bore thr ee sons and two da ughters, a nd they all li ved happil y fo r many years c ome .
Action- Yi Mo ng-Yong arr ived in Nam won a nd learne d of the situa tion. He dr essed himself as a begga r to enter the palac e during a fe ast given by the ne w Na mwon magistra te. He re vea led him self as an a mha eng osa a nd banished the e vil magist rate to a fa rawa y land. He a lso save d Ch’unh yang f rom mi sera ble death.
Climax-The new Namwon magistra te arrive d and summone d C h’unhya ng to be is wife. Ch’u nhyang refuse d be caus e she is comm itted to Yi Mong -Yong. Her defia nce en rage d th e ma gistra te a nd he orde red her taken to prison a nd sente nced t o death.
ction-Not long afte r the secre t mar riage , the serva nt broug ht Yi Mong-Yong a m essage sa ying that his father , ne wly appoint ed to the King’s cabinet, was being reca lled to t he c apit ol.
ion- Onc e ther e li ved in the provinc e o f C holla, in the town of Namwon, a magist rate’ s son named Yi Mong-Yong. A nd a lovel y maiden na med Ch’unhya ng.
ntA B 1. N 1. M a M 2. N 2. a 3. D 3 . I n . Ph 4 D 4. 5. D 5 . Th
1. B 1. M elod ram a 1. No vel la 1. TRU E 2. C 2. Far ce 2. Pr ose 2. TR UE 3. D 3. C om edy 3. Pl aywri gh t 3. N ove l 4. D 4. M usi cal 4. S uspen se 4. D ram a 5. A 5. Tr aged y 5. Tech niq ues 5. Ty pes
13 En han cem en t activity Acti vity 1 O P C F E H G E X P L P N A T I O N H I K R C Q E F G D P Q R R O W E R T Y U I L P E D R F E H E O R Q S S B N O H S T S U I A E S G D D T N S P T T C F M H J K T L U L S T H C I E M T O U M T E A B M X O G H I G U I B P C L U N V O R T N G H J R L L S H V J A E T K V M B D D W T U R T I U N T O N C H R I N O L O E I C I L R E C T R S I W K Z S V J W L C M S D C G H A A H M T J X L Y U E I X K D N C V B N H J L R H U K Y M X A L H Y J E J U F G H H J K I K V L Z N W S M G Z I F K S R T Y T J K L L M Y S T E R I E S H G L S T Y U I K L L P X N B P U O O E B G H M S U S P E N S E R Y O C Q T N P D C F I K O W E T Y U I R O S C I E N C E F I C T I O N G H J K L S P
“Literature in the South East Asia,” ASEAN Life accessed last December 09, 2020, https://www.asean-life.com/literature-south-east-asian/427
“Novel-Examples and Definition,” Literary Devices accessed last December 10, 2020, https://literarydevices.net/novel/
“The 10 best Southeast Asian films and TV shows of 2020”, NME, Hidzir Junaini accessed last December 10, 2020, https://www.nme.com/en_asia/features/best-southeast-asian-films-tv-shows-of-2020-so-far-2729044
“Backpacking Around Southeast Asia With 11 Books From 11 Countries”, BookRiot, Arvyn Cerezo accessed last December 10, 2020, https://bookriot.com/books-about-southeast-asia/
“Comedy in the Philippines” humorouspinas accessed last December 11, 2022, https://humorouspinas.wordpress.com/2014/03/25/30/
“The Woman in the Septic Tank : Poverty Film Farce,” Nick Pinkerton accessed last December 10, 2020, https://www.villagevoice.com/2012/05/23/the-woman-in-the-septic-tank-poverty-film-farce/
Writer: Emie Joy B. Luna
Curuan National High School Zamboanga City
Editor: Judith Agnes P. Anglacer, MAEd
Reviewer: Valeria Fides G. Corteza, Ph.D.
Education Program Supervisor Layout Artist: Jovie R. Cruz, MAEd
Roy C. Tuballa, EMD.JD.CESO VI Jay S. Montealto, CESO VI
Norma T. Francisco, DM Mildred D. Dayao, Ed.D.
Valeria Fides G. Corteza, Ph.D. Aida Coyme, Ed. D.