Regions of Portugal - Madeira

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Regions of Portugal - Madeira

Area

Why Madeira?

√ The Madeira archipelago is made up of the following islands, Porto Santo, Desertas (three uninhabited Islands: Deserta Grande, Bugio and Ilhéu Chão) and the Nature Reserve of Selvagens

√ Madeira has a land area of 801 km2 and a coastline of 402 km

Area (km2): 801.01 Inhab/Km2: 309.0 Population (N.): 247,568 (2010)

√ The south coast of the island has the largest number of Madeira’s inhabitants, especially the city of Funchal (40% of total population). The population in the rest of the territory is dispersed and fragmented

√ Environmental infrastructures have been improved, such as drainage and wastewater treatment services and solid waste collection and treatment services

√ Strong public investment in network infrastructures (road network, Madeira airport and maritime ports)

4Marinas – Madeira (Calheta, Caniçal, Funchal) and Porto Santo

2 Maritime Ports - Madeira (Funchal) e Porto Santo

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The Madeira Islands

Madeira

Area: 758.4 km2 North-South: 430 km East-West: 256 km

Maximum Height: 1,862 metros

Resident population (2010): 243,181 inhabitants

Main Characteristics:

 Madeira island, the largest of the archipelago, has a very irregular orography

 The economy is mainly based on the services sector and tourism is the largest revenue source of

the regional economic activity

 The industrial sector contributes about 10% to regional GDP

 Craft activities are gaining importance in the region’s economy: embroidery, tapestry and

wickerwork have a significant weight in total exports of the island

Porto Santo

Area: 42.6 km2 North-South: 15 km East-West: 12 km

Maximum Height: 517 meters

Resident population (2010): 4,387 inhabitants Main Characteristics:

 The Island of Porto Santo is distinguishable by its sandy soil, a 9 km long yellow sand beach, flat surface and a small green patch

 The services sector, in particular tourism activities, are the most important sectors in the economic development of the island

 Significant investment in tourism infrastructures and the transport network (airport and maritime port)

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Desertas

Main Characteristics:

 Desertas are composed of three islets, Chão, Deserta Grande and Bugio and are located in the southwest of Madeira Island

 With volcanic origin, Desertas have a long rocky and rugged coastline making them almost inaccessible

 The Nature Reserve has an area of 9,672 ha and includes all islands and islets. The marine area is divided into Partial Reserve – in the North, and Complete Reserve – in the South

 Desertas are one of the last strongholds of the Sea Lion. A colony of around 23 animals choose Desertas to live

 In 1992, Desertas were classified as a Biogenetic Reserve by the Council of Europe, in recognition of its natural and ecological value

Selvagens

Main Characteristics:

 Composed of two groups of small islands, Selvagens are located about

163 miles from Madeira and represent the extreme south of the Portuguese territory. The most important islets are Selvagem Grande, Selvagem Pequena and Ihéu de Fora

 It has been a Nature Reserve since 1971 and is one of the oldest in

Portugal. It was awarded the European Diploma by the Council of Europe

 This Nature Reserve contributes to the maintenance of global

biodiversity: important nesting areas for unusual seabird species; flora with some unique species, maintenance of fish stocks in the Atlantic sea area

 Selvagens flora was formerly used for commercial purposes and now

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People

Why Madeira?

Population

√ With 248,000 inhabitants, Funchal has 40% of the total population. Projection (Eurostat) for 2025: 233,000 inhabitants

√ 30% of the total population in Madeira are under 25 years old and the ageing and dependency indexes are below the national average. Madeira’s inhabitants with more than 65 years only represent 13% of total population, while the national average rate for the same age group is 17.9%

√ Resident population increased 0.07% in 2010, above the national average, due to the contribution of the migration component (0.11%). If compared with the year 2001 the population growth was 3%

Resident Population according to Age Groups

18,2 18,0 17,9 17,7 17,4 17,2 14,9 14,5 14,2 13,9 13,6 13,2 53,8 54,4 54,9 55,4 56,0 56,5 13,1 13,1 13,1 13,0 13,0 13,0 0,0 10,0 20,0 30,0 40,0 50,0 60,0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source: INE

0 - 14 years 15 - 24 years 25 - 64 years 65 years and over

Education

√ In the school year 2010/2011, students enrolled in primary and secondary education accounted for 2.9% and 2.8% of the national total, respectively

√ Between the school year 2006/2007 and 2010/2011, the number of students enrolled in higher education increased by 9%

√ Higher education institutions located in Madeira provide a very good range of specialized courses with a significant innovative component

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Students enrolled according to educational level /Number of students graduated 35. 617 34.551 34.426 32. 324 30.717 10. 045 9. 297 9.080 3. 248 3. 761 3. 636 3.574 3.551 9.499 11.164 519 1.026 894 890 0 20.000 40.000 60.000 2006/2007 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011

Sources: GEPE, MEC

100 300 500 700 900 1.100 1.300

Primary Education Secondary Education Higher Education Graduated students

√ In the 4 higher education institutions, located in Madeira, the number of students that enrolled exceeded 3,500 and graduates were more than 840. The areas of Engineering and Mathematics, Health and Business Studies (Management / Economics / Accounting) were chosen, respectively, by 16.4%, 13.7% and 12.3% the enrolled students. Graduates in these same areas represented, respectively, 12%, 10.5% and 15.2% of total

√ About 26% of the students enrolled in higher education have chosen S & T areas

Labour activity / Employment

√ Active population in 2011: 130,000 individuals (2.3% of total)

√ Employed population (2011): 112,000 individuals (2.3% of total)

√ The employment and activity rates among individuals with more than 15 years are above the national average (54.6% versus 53.5% and 63.4 versus 61.3%, respectively)

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Active Population / Employment 117 126 119 128 119 129 120 130 112 125 2,3 2,4 2,3 2,3 2,3 100 110 120 130 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Source: INE - Employment Statistics

1,0 2,0 3,0

Active Population Employed Population Employment (% of total)

√ Positive developments in qualification and training of the active population, contributes to the increase of a skilled workforce

Knowledge

√ Almost a half of the population between 16 and 74 years old use computers and 47% have Internet access

Information Society - Computer and Internet Access, 2010

59,9 49,5 54,0 47,3 59,5 55,4 53,7 51,1 0,0 10,0 20,0 30,0 40,0 50,0 60,0 70,0 Households Individuals 16-74 years Households Individuals 16-74 years Computer Internet

Source: INE/Survey on Information and Communication Technologies usage in private households, 2010

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Economy

√ Madeira Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2010: 5,224 million € (3% of national GDP and 1.7% increase compared to the previous year)

√ GDP per capita - 2nd highest (21,100 €) following Lisbon and above Portugal and European averages: (130 – index Portugal=100 and 105 index – EU27=100)

GDP per inhabitant in PPP (UE27=100)

60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010P Portugal Madeira

Source: INE P= Provisional data

√ Annual average growth rate of GDP (2001-2010): 5.4% (national average in the same period: 2.8%) GVA Breakdown - 2010 Services 84,2% Industry (energy and construction) 14,1% Agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing 1,7% Source: INE Employment Breakdown - 2010 Services 71,1% Agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing 11,9% Industry (energy and construction) 16,9% Source: INE

√ Turnover generated in 2009: 6,700 million € (368 million € in the Manufacturing industry) which represents 2% and 0.5% of national and manufacturing turnover

√ Industrial activity mainly performed by SME’s

√ The region is dominated by the Services sector (84% of GVA and 71% of employment breakdown in 2010), with a strong presence of activities related to tourism, wholesale and retail trade and real estate operations

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Between 2000 and 2009 the gross household disposable income per capita increased by nearly 47.5% as a result of high activity and employment rates

√ Balance of trade deficit although exports have registered 15% increase in 2011 (Madeira exports represent 0.1% of total Portuguese exports)

Trade Balance 39 66 60 55 63 157 175 153 136 113 -117 -109 -93 -81 -50 -150 -100 -50 0 50 100 150 200 2007 2008 2009 2010P 2011P P= Preliminary data (2010-2011) M illio n €

Exports Imports Balance

+ 14.7%

Source: INE (declared values)

0.1% to tal exp.

√ Industrial products represent almost half of Madeira exports in 2011, followed by Food products (37%)

Internacional Trade - Main Products, 2010P

7. 822 3. 689 2.883 1.619 8. 731 46. 285 9. 465 9.938 12.576 4.503 2.575 29. 556 7.115 2.232 0 5.000 10.000 15.000 20.000 25.000 30.000 35.000 40.000 45.000 50.000

Food products Machinery and tools

Chemicals Animals and

animal products

Plastics and rubber

Base metals Optical and

precision instruments P= Preliminary data T hous and € Exports Imports

Fonte: INE (valores declarados)

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Companies

√ Almost 22,000 companies are located in Madeira. These companies generate a turnover exceeding 6 billion € and have more than 80,000 employees

√ The business structure is dominated by SME’s

Business Enterprises - Number of companies and R&D Personnel, 2009 1.060.906 3.717.920 74.234 718.507 901 5.933 107.536 472.730 1.966 13.076 514.326 1.596.929 11.436 40.610 21.855 80.504 Business Enterprises (N.) R&D Personnel (n.) Business Enterprises (N.) R&D Personnel (n.) P or tu gal M adei ra Services Construction Manufacturing Total Source: INE

√ The manufacturing industry is represented by more than 900 companies, which generate a turnover around 368 million € and have approximately 6,000 employees. The most representative industries1 are the following: Metal products (20.1% of total), Food industry (18.9%), Wood and Cork (17.9%) and Non-Metallic Minerals (6.2%)

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Data refers to manufacturing companies (number) located in the region (GVA and Turnover data by sector are not available)

Business Enterprises - Turnover and GVA, 2009

335.887 82.736 70.630 16.715 368 136 280 185.085 38.964 4.507 992 6.700 1.885 34.581 9.501 878 Turnover (M€) GVA (M€) Turnover (M€) GVA (M€) P or tug al M a dei ra Services Construction Manufacturing Total Source: INE

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√ Number of exporting companies in 2010: 131 (0.7% of total)

√ Madeira has 28 Research Institutions (R&D Centres) with international prestige

Business Companies - R&D Personnel (Thousand)

6.133 9.459 12.784 14.510 13.922 50 57 64 61 52 Portugal Madeira Portugal Madeira Portugal Madeira Portugal Madeira Portugal Madeira 2005 2006 20 07 2008 2009 Source: INE

Business Enterprises - R&D Expenditure (Thousand€)

462.015 736.402 1.010.790 1.295.099 1.311.070 6.605 1.564 2.284 1.663 832 Portugal Madeira Portugal Madeira Portugal Madeira Portugal Madeira Portugal Madeira 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Source: INE

√ R&D personnel hired by companies increased 4%, between 2005 and 2009, and spending in R&D suffered a reduction of 6%

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