USING THE MOBILE PHONE WHILE DRIVING Is it dangerous to use the phone while driving?
Driving is a complex task, requiring drivers to use and coordinate a number of skills. Any lapse in concentration increases the risk of the vehicle being involved in a crash. Inattention is reported as a contributing factor for 33% of fatal crashes and 45% of serious injury crashes per year.
Driving while using a hand held mobile phone can cause both physical and mental distraction which impairs driving performance.
Using a mobile phone while driving can significantly impair a driver’s:
visual search patterns
ability to maintain speed and position on the road
ability to judge safe gaps in the traffic
general awareness of other road users.
Many drivers use their mobile phone while driving. However, this can be bad for road safety. Motorists can be physically distracted if they drive a vehicle and operate a mobile phone simultaneously.
However, the greatest danger is cognitive distraction because the driver needs to concentrate on both driving and phoning. The ability to divide one's attention between simultaneous tasks is limited, thus leading to possible dangerous situations. For example, it can result in drivers not noticing traffic signals in time, braking too late, or not adapting adequately to awkward traffic situations such as slipperiness. Mobile phone users have a greater chance of being involved in a crash, but this increased crash rate is not exclusively due to mobile phoning:
mobile phone users also wear their seatbelt less and show risky behaviour such as drink-driving and speeding more frequently.
Research shows that using a mobile phone while driving increases the risk of crashing by at least four times. The most common types of crashes associated with mobile usage are ‘run-off-the-road’ crashes and ‘rear end’ crashes.
Using a mobile phone while driving can bring even greater danger to novice drivers as they may experience difficulty in balancing the many demands on their driving - from perceptual, mental and physical tasks. Research has found novice drivers who use a mobile phone spend less time looking at the road ahead. They are also more likely to wander over the road (across traffic lanes) and take longer to notice driving hazards.
A mobile phone can be important in an emergency. If you need to use your mobile phone to call for help, stop and park safely where you will not endanger other road users.
Learner’s Permit (L) and Provisional (P1) drivers are banned from using any type of mobile phone function while driving. The mobile phone ban includes:
using hands-free mode including Bluetooth technology
Safe driving tips for using a mobile phone
Never read or send text messages while driving
Use voicemail instead of answering your phone while driving Pull over safely and park to make or receive a call
Plan breaks in your trip for phone calls
Tell your family and friends not to call when you know you’ll be driving Never look up phone numbers while driving
How do mobile phones distract drivers?
Using a mobile phone while driving distracts you in many ways:
Physical distraction - for example handling the phone while driving or taking your hand off the steering wheel to dial a phone number or to answer/end a call.
Visual distraction - for example taking your eyes off the road.
Cognitive (mental) distraction - for example doing two mental tasks at the same time, like having a conversation and driving.
Why is it dangerous to use a mobile phone while driving?
Research shows that dialing and talking on a mobile phone while driving can lead to:
Riskier decision making
Deciding when it is safe to turn in traffic is a complex task.
Using a mobile phone while driving affects judgment and concentration and you may fail to choose a safe gap.
When making a decision to turn across oncoming traffic, you also tend not to consider the environmental conditions such as, when it is raining or the roads are slippery. If you don’t make safe turns you could crash.
Slower reactions You generally react slower when using a mobile phone, particularly when you’re deep in conversation. You may take longer to respond to traffic signals or completely
Slower and less controlled braking
During a mobile phone call your brake reaction time is slower, and you brake with more force and less control
which results in shorter stopping distances available between yourself and the car in front.
Wandering out of your lane
You’re more likely to wander out of your lane when you’re using a mobile phone, even on a straight road with
Not being alert to your
When using a mobile phone, you tend to spend less time checking your mirrors and what’s going on around you.
This affects your ability to monitor and negotiate traffic safely.
Why is talking to a passenger different to talking on a mobile?
If a dangerous situation develops, your passenger can stop talking and let you concentrate on driving. On a mobile phone, the person you’re talking to isn’t aware of the danger and will keep talking, further distracting you when your full concentration is needed.
Why is text messaging even more dangerous?
Text messaging while driving results in physical, visual and cognitive distraction.
Research shows that retrieving and sending text messages increases the amount of time a driver spends not looking at the road. Your eyes maybe taken off the road for up to four times longer when text messaging compared to when not text messaging when driving. This can lead to:
incorrect lane changes
wandering from your lane
missing road signs and hazards like pedestrians, cyclists and other vehicles.
The more you talk the less you see!
Even the best drivers have difficulty in processing two or more pieces of information at the same time, especially if the tasks are similar or they demand more attention than the driver can give at one time.
For example, it is more difficult to drive safely and have a simple conversation in a complex driving situation such as in peak hour, on unfamiliar roads, at night or in
wet weather. It is less difficult to drive safely in light traffic while having a simple conversation with a passenger.
It is more difficult to drive safely and have a complex conversation in light traffic.
Complex conversation needs more attention and takes your mind off the road.
When your mind is not on the road, someone could die.