Introduction ... 3
Biotechnology Cluster in São Paulo State ... 4
2.1. Sistema Indústria - Industrial Cluster ... 4
FIESP – Federação das Indústrias do Estado de São Paulo ... 4
CIESP – Centro das Indústrias do Estado de São Paulo ... 5
CNI – Confederação Nacional da Indústria ... 5
SENAI – Serviço Nacional de Aprendizagem Industrial ... 5
IBCT – Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia ... 5
2.2. Universities ... 5
USP – Universidade de São Paulo ... 5
ESALQ-USP - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz Queiroz" da Universidade de São Paulo ... 6
UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista ... 6
UNICAMP – Universidade de Campinas ... 6
2.3. Scientific Park, Incubators and other Supporting Institutions... 7
BRBIOTEC - Associação Brasileira de Biotecnologia ... 7
- ... 7
ESALQTec ... 7
INCAMP ... 7
- ... 8
- ... 8
Agrofood Cluster in São Paulo State... 8
3.1. Industry Association ... 8
ABIA - Associação Brasileira das Indústrias da Alimentação ... 8
ABIAM - Associação Brasileira da Indústria e Comércio de Ingredientes e Aditivos para Alimentos ... 8
3.2. Governmental Technologica Agency and its Research Institutes ... 9
APTA - Agência Paulista de Tecnologia dos Agronegócios ... 9
IAC - Instituto Agronômico de Campinas ... 9
ITAL -Instituto de Tecnologia de Alimentos ... 9
IB – Instituto Biológico ... 9
IZ – Instituto de Zootecnia ... 9
Biotechnology Cluster in Minas Gerais State ... 11
4.1. Sistema Indústria - Industrial Cluster ... 11
FIEMG – Federação das Indústrias do Estado de Minas Gerais... 11
CIEMG – Centro Industrial e Empresarial de Minas Gerais ... 12
4.2. Universities ... 12
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais – UFMG ... 12
UFV – Universidade Federal de Viçosa ... 12
4.3. Research Institutes ... 12
BIOAGRO – Instituto de biotecnologia Aplicada à Agropecuária ... 12
4.4. Scientific Park, Incubators and other Supporting Institutions... 12
Inova Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) ... 12
CenTev – Centro Tecnológico de Desenvolvimento Regional de Viçosa ... 13
Incubadora CENTEV/UFV... 13
TecnoPARQ – Parque Tecnológico de Viçosa ... 13
Biominas Brasil ... 13
EMBRAPA – Empresa Brasileira de peesquisa Agropecuária ... 14
Agrofood Clusteres in Minas Gerais ... 14
5.1. Trade Union ... 15
Silemg - Sindicato da Indústria de Laticínios do Estado de Minas Gerais ... 15
Other Supporting Institutions ... 15
Apex-Brasil – Agência Brasileira de Promoção de Exportações e Investimentos ... 15
Cluster Consulting ... 15
INDI – Instituto de desenvolvimento Integrado de Minas Gerais ... 15
Central Exportaminas ... 16
SEBRAE – Serviço Brasileiro de Apoio às Micro e Pequenas Empresas ... 16
ABAG - Associacao Brasileira do Agronegocio ... 16
FAPESP – Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo ... 16
BNDS - Investment bank/State development Bank ... 16
Wisbrun Consultant & Management... 17
CenDoTec - Centre franco-brésilien de Documentation Technique et Scientifique ... 17
InvestInFrance Agency – Agência Francesa para Investimentos Internacionais ... 17
FINEP – Agência Brasileira de Inovação ... 17
Supporting Agencies and Services... 18
Diagram of Institutional Relationship ... 19
7.1. Industrial Cluster ... 19
7.2. Universities ... 20
7.2.1. São Paulo ... 20
7.2.2. Minas Gerais ... 23
7.3. Governamental Technological Agency ... 25
7.3.1. São Paulo ... 25
The agriculture development in São Paulo occurred in the 19th century with coffee
agriculture. The coffee culture added economic importance for the state and it produced a positive impact on the development of other economic activities. After the coffee crisis (in the 20s decade) São Paulo started to produce other agricultures as sugar cane, cotton and citrus. The existence of a research and extension infrastructure allowed the state to be important producer of many products and contributed to the agriculture to have high productivity and technological levels (SCHUH et al. 2003, 5-6).
The biotechnology sector in Brazil started to be developed in the first half of the 20th
century with remarkable performance of researchers1 in the field of fought and
prevention of diseases. In the 40s, the classic biotechnology attracted the scientists from the University of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, who founded a pioneer Agroceres Seeds, aiming to produce hybrid corn seeds from selected genetic material in the country. The Agricultural Brasil Sul, in the 60s, turned to production and selection of forage seeds and genetic research to obtain hybrid grain sorghum and forage sorghum cultivars of sweet corn for human consumption. The Agroflora Forestry and Agriculture, devoted to the research and production of improved seeds and selection of plant varieties adapted to different seasonal conditions (VILLEN 2002).
Minas Gerais had its first biotechnology-based company in 1976. From the 90s, the sector registered the high growth in the South-East, reflecting the concentration of the economic resources of the country. In 1990 there were seven biotechnology-based companies in the state. In 2004 they were 75 in operation. There is an embryonic cluster that has potential to develop and its best opportunities comes from a partnership of universities, research centers, a business incubator (Biominas), SEBRAE, the Association of Industries of pharmaceutical and chemical products for Industrial Purposes in the State of Minas Gerais - SINDUSFARQ and the Federation of Industries of Minas Gerais - FIEMG, through the Institute Euvaldo Lodi – IEL (BIOTEC, 2007).
This document identifies the main institutions in the agrofood and biotechnology clusters São Paulo State and Minas Gerais in Brazil. Based on the ‘Triple Helix’ concept, basic information was collected about the main industry representing organizations, universities and research centres, business incubators and governmental supporting institutions.
The research was focused on São Paulo State and Minas Gerais because of the high concentration of international representative offices in São Paulo, because both regions are most relevant within the context of international research and education in this field and because of the high concentration of private biotech companies including an embryonic biotechnology cluster in Minas Gerais.
The biotechnology concept used for this research was based on the OECD list-based definition of biotechnology techniques. Thus it was gather information regarded institutions that offers support or are directly involved in activities such as: biological pest control and bio fertilizers; transgenic seeds and plants; genetic improvement and cloning of plants and animals; development of
new technologies in animal
reproduction. The focus of the “Feeding the planet” project is on biotechnology applied to the agricultural process.
However the information gathered does not encompassed the identification of individual companies in each region. Therefore the description presented can regards to activities as human drug development; vaccines; cell therapy; stem cell research; development of new vectors and formulations; diagnostic; and recombinant proteins. This document has an (i) Introduction and more 6 parts: (ii) Biotechnology Cluster in São Paulo State, (iii) Agrofood Cluster in São Paulo State, (iv) Biotechnology Cluster in Minas Gerais, (v) Agrofood Cluster in Minas Gerais, (vi) Other Supporting Institutions and (vii) Diagram of Institutional Relationship.
Biotechnology Cluster in São Paulo State
According to the Brazil Biotech Map 2011(BRBIOTEC, 2011), the state of São Paulo has 96 biotech private companies where 43 are located in the capital. The state has several companies in other cities as Campinas (9) and Ribeirão Preto (9). The majority of the companies in the state regards to human health (41) followed by animal health (39) and Agriculture (8).
Sistema Indústria - Industrial Cluster
FIESP – Federação das Indústrias do Estado de São Paulo
The industrial federation of São Paulo (FIESP) is the biggest industrial institution that joins together 130 trade unions from 130.000 different industrial sectors.
The Department of Competitiveness and Technology (Decomtec) aims to study and analyse the productive sector of São Paulo State. The main objectives are to increase
quality, innovation and technology; stimulate investments and access to credit; to promote development of regional Clusters (APLs2); to promote performance improvement of business management; and to stimulate the growth of the productive chains.
The Department of Agrobusiness (Deagro) aims to support the Brazilian agroindustry demands trough cooperation with the agribusiness council (Cosag). It has four departments: agriculture inputs; agriculture and livestock; agroindustry and international trade.
CIESP – Centro das Indústrias do Estado de São Paulo
São Paulo city has offices of the most important companies, industrial and commercial associations, governmental agencies and others.
The Centre of Industries of São Paulo (CIESP) is one of the major organizations for industrial companies in the world. It represents over 9.000 members in the State and besides its headquarter, CIESP has 42 regional offices distributed along the State of São Paulo. The main purposes of CIESP is to offer technical support to its members, being an effective and operating representation towards the government, and to create a favourable environment to increase the business of its associates.
The Foreign Trade Department of CIESP assists companies to find partners in foreign countries.
CNI – Confederação Nacional da Indústria
The CNI is the National Confederation of Industries, an industrial trade unions representative. Its main goal is to improve policies and laws to strength the industrial sector in Brazil. It administrates the National Service of the Industrial Learning (SENAI), Social Service of Industry (SESI) and the Evaldo Lodi Institute (IEL).
SENAI – Serviço Nacional de Aprendizagem Industrial
SENAI is the National Service of the Industrial Learning that offers professional education and technological services to promote the innovation of Brazilian industries. Beyond its technology centres and professional educational units, the SENAI offers a network with 208 laboratories across the country.
IBCT – Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia
IBICT is the Brazilian Science and Technology Information Institute. They promote technical and technological cooperation by information technology transfer (e.g. scientific publications database) among different institutions.
USP – Universidade de São Paulo
The University of São Paulo (USP) is the major institution of higher education and research in Brazil and it has around of 90.000 students. It is a public institution funded by São Paulo state government. It has twelve campuses, four of them in São Paulo. They
2 APLs: Arranjos Produtivos Locais are territorial agglomerations of economic, political and social agents
are located in the cities of Bauru, Lorena, Piracicaba, Pirassununga, Santos, Ribeirão Preto and two in São Carlos. The USP is involved in teaching, research and extension education in all areas of knowledge. USP was at the 158th position at The Times World
University ranking 20133. The 2010 Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World
Universities4, classifies USP at 74ª position. Regarding intellectual production the
Medicine Faculty accounts more than 4.200 works, followed by the Polytechnic School (1289) and ESALQ (1162). The university has strong reputation on Engineering & Technology field.
The USP innovation Agency operates in fields such as technology transfer, cooperation between the university and companies, entrepreneurship, sustainability and access to technology. Among the technologies developed, food, biofuel, environment and agriculture are the main research fields.
ESALQ-USP - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz Queiroz" da Universidade de São
It is a school of agriculture integrated to the University of São Paulo (USP). It is located in Piracicaba city, and it offers undergraduate and graduate courses in bioinformatics, genetics, genetic improvement of plants, and physiology and biochemistry of plants. It is well-known for R&D in biotechnology for agriculture.
UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista
Unesp is a multicampus university in Brazil. Its located in the State Capital and 22 others distributed throughout the State. For the development of its main activities Unesp receives financial aid from the main research supporting agencies in the country5. The Natural Sciences field is mentioned on the TopUniversities 2013 world university ranking6. At the national ranking UNESP is at the 6th position and its highlight is research & innovation.
The Innovation Agency (UNESP-AUIN - Agência Unesp de Inovação da Universidade Estadual Paulista) has the mission to manage the protection policy and innovation of the intellectual creations owned by UNESP and their effective economic exploitation. Among the innovation technologies Human Health has 21 projects to be developed, followed by New Materials (13) and Agriculture (8).
UNICAMP – Universidade de Campinas
UNICAMP has three campuses, the main one in Campinas and the others in Piracicaba and Limeira. It has around 50.000 people involved in study and research activities. It is offered courses in science, technology, biomedical, humanities and arts. UNICAMP has various agricultural biologic pests control programs and it attracts several high-tech industries around.
3http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/2012-13/world-ranking 4From Higher Education Evaluation & Accreditation Council of Taiwan.
5 FAPESP, CNPq, CAPES and FINEP
The innovation agency INOVA (Agência de Inovação da UNICAMP) aims to establish a network between the university and the society to improve spinoffs and research activities. There is a Scientific and Technology Park under construction to home technology-based companies and projects in biofuels.
Scientific Park, Incubators and other Supporting Institutions
BRBIOTEC - Associação Brasileira de Biotecnologia
The Brazilian Association of Biotechnology (BRBIOTEC) is a private organization. Its objective is to develop the biotechnology sector in Brazil through actions that strengthen the industry, thereby generating business, attracting investments and raising Brazil’s international profile in biotechnology production.
BRBIOTEC Brasil consists of companies involved in agriculture, environment, energy and health that develop technology and seek to provide a global quality of life; small and medium-sized businesses that fuel the growth of the industry; business leaders, start-ups and spinoffs that produce innovative products and services; scientists and experts in high academic technology transfer and renowned institutions; network support in legal, accounting, finance and intellectual property matters for investors, government officials, and service providers who are committed to the development of biotechnology in Brazil; and entrepreneurs from several fields.
The Center of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Technology (CIETEC) is a private association that conducts different processes of pre-incubation, incubation and post-incubation of innovative companies. It is aimed mainly to strengthen and consolidate the management of the companies, as well as technological development, market share and high-level employment generation. It is offered physical infrastructure for the installation and operation of companies, supporting services to meet their demands in the areas of technology management, business and marketing. These services and the multi-systemic environment are developing a conceptual model aiming to be a technology park.
The CIETEC has currently operational and physical infrastructure to support about 130 technology-based companies. It is a multi-sectorial business incubator with 149 associated companies. Regarding biotech related area, there are 18 in biotechnology, 30 in health and medicine, 13 in environment and 20 in chemistry.
ESALQ has a business incubator ESALQTec focused in agriculture and husbandry. It aims to support the micro and small enterprises innovation; facilitate access to technological innovations and management and also to stimulate cooperation.
It is the technology based business incubator of UNICAMP incorporated to INOVA7 . Its objectives are to encourage and protect the development of new technology-based
enterprises through the provision of infrastructure and technological as well as management support for new entrepreneurs. Among agriculture and animal health technologies developed it is possible to mention some of incubated companies, such as: Agricef (agricultural products and services), Biomicrogen (animal genetics), Engene Engenharia Genética (animal health and genetics engineering), Rhea Biotec (antibodies), SDA Med (agriculture and animal health).
It is located in Ribeirão Preto and it is focused on human health. It has 32 companies in total, 17 of which are in life sciences. Its goal is to support the creation, development and improvement of micro and small technology-based companies. They provide technological, managerial, marketing and human resources support. The SUPERA incubate companies that develop products with high technological content, in biotechnology, materials, and medical and dental equipment, information technology, chemistry, and nuclear techniques.
- cos de Botucatu
It is the business and technological projects incubator of Botucatu that has partnership with the Technological Innovation Center of UNESP (NIT8). Its mission is to foster the creation of innovative of the small and micro businesses, assisting them in managing and promoting its consolidation in the market. It has 38 associated companies in which 6 are biotechnology environment and agriculture related activities.
Agrofood Cluster in São Paulo State
ABIA - Associação Brasileira das Indústrias da Alimentação
It is the Food Industry Association. It is the main organization of food industry (processed food) for the whole of Brazil. Its objectives are to stimulate the development of the food industry, to focus on consumer interest and environmental protection; to ensure adequate legislation to constant technological evolutions of processed food, to encourage the use of improved production techniques; to promote economic empowerment of food sector.
ABIAM - Associação Brasileira da Indústria e Comércio de Ingredientes e Aditivos
The Food Ingredients Industry Association (ABIAM) is an association of industries of food ingredients founded in 1979. Its members are big, medium or small companies. Its main objective is to encourage technical improvements and economic strength of the industry by sharing information between its members and by promoting networking with related organizations. ABIAM also aims to promote cooperation within the food ingredients industry and improve the concerned legislation.
Governmental Technologica Agency and its Research Institutes
APTA - Agência Paulista de Tecnologia dos Agronegócios
The São Paulo’s Agency for Agribusiness Technology coordinates all agriculture and cattle raising research in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Its main objective is to generate and transfer scientific and technological knowledge in agribusiness, thereby harmonizing the socio-economic development with environmental balance. It has 15 regional poles of development, spread throughout the state. APTA has guided itself by the prospects of technological demands, and does it regionally, as an instrument to guide the research of the entire agency.
In addition to the poles, APTA’s structure encompasses the six research bodies of the Secretaria da Agricultura and Abastecimento (SAA – Secretariat of Agriculture and Supplies): the Instituto Agronômico de Campinas (IAC -Agronomical Institute); the Instituto Biológico (Biological Institute); the Instituto de Economia Agrícola (IEA - Agricultural Economics Institute); the Instituto de Zootecnica (IZ - Zoo technical Institute); the Instituto de Pesca (Fisheries Institute) and the Instituto de Tecnologia de Alimentos (ITAL – Food Technology Institute). The agency centres its activities on four strategic programs: bioenergy, environmental sustainability, organization of the rural and outlying areas, and food safety. As the second largest agribusiness technological research institution in Brazil and the Southern Hemisphere, APTA features 64 experimental units and 43 research laboratories.
IAC - Instituto Agronômico de Campinas
Agronomical Institute of Campinas (IAC) researches, generates and transfers science and technology devoted to agriculture and related applied fields, with the aim of optimizing plant production, sustainable socio-economic development and environmental quality. It develops conventional breeding, genome studies of crops (coffee, sugarcane and citrus), genetic improvements and it conducts collaborative research focusing on genome, disease and development of varieties. It provides inputs to the food industry
ITAL -Instituto de Tecnologia de Alimentos
The Institute of Food Technology (ITAL) is focused on technology, science, innovation, and food & beverage packaging. The technology areas are organized to provide specialized assistance in various fields such as meat products, cereal, chocolate, confectionery, dairy products, fruits, vegetables, food process engineering and post-harvest techniques.
IB – Instituto Biológico
The Biologic Institute (IB) aims to develop scientific and technological knowledge for agriculture in the areas of animal and plant health, agro-ecology, and knowledge transfer. It is also focused on the development and improvement of large-scale system of bio insecticides production.
IZ – Instituto de Zootecnia
The Institute of Animal Science and Pastures (IZ) deals with the whole animal production chain. It is offered products and services regarded to beef and dairy cattle;
sheep; pigs; tropical forage plants; reproduction techniques; breeding and genetics; animal and vegetable bio techniques.
Biotechnology Cluster in Minas Gerais State
Minas Gerais has 58 private companies and Belo Horizonte is the second most important city in the country with 43 companies. Others cities have also biotech private companies such as Viçosa (7) and Uberlândia (5). The main biotech sector of Minas Gerais is the animal health (30), followed by human health (19) and agriculture (8) (BRBIOTEC, 2011).
Sistema Indústria - Industrial Cluster
FIEMG – Federação das Indústrias do Estado de Minas Gerais
The Industrial Federation of Minas Gerais State contributes to the sustainable development and competitiveness as well as the increase and improvement of the cooperation between the regional industries. It is offered support and advisory services related to finance and credit, tributaries and labour affairs and also environment.
FIEMG has the Program of Competitiveness Support of the APL’s of Minas Gerais in which aims to increase the production and competitiveness of industries and rural producers. Among seven clusters9 the biotechnology and the fruit are part of the program in which develop actions as corporate training and consultancy; technology and innovation; environment and social development; marketing and export; and logistics and infrastructure.
The Biotechnology MRBH APL was set to create, produce and market innovative products and services in biotechnology. It operates in the human health, animal health, environment and agribusiness and consists of 10 municipalities in the metropolitan area, including Belo Horizonte. It is situated in the central region of Minas Gerais10. Its vision is to structure the cluster, to increase its sustainable productivity (management, technology and logistics) by improving the generation and commercialization of technologies for different markets, making it an international hub for innovation.
The Fruit APL is located in Jaíba11, in the North of Minas Gerais, and within the mining area of the Polygon of Drought12. The APL was set to produce and market fresh fruits (with regional brand), in a socially, environmentally and economically sustainable way. Its vision is to become a national and international benchmark in sustainable production of tropical fruits.
9The selected clusters to join the program are: biotechnology (metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte),
Shoes (Nova Serrana), shoes and bags (metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte), electronics (Santa Rita do Sapucaí), fruit (Jaíba region), foundry (Divinópolis, Itaúna and Cláudio cities) and furniture (Ubá).
10It is located 445 km from Rio de Janeiro, 586 km from São Paulo.
11It is located 622 km from Belo Horizonte, 1180 km from Rio de Janeiro, 1325 km from São Paulo. 12According to Northeast Development Governmental Department – SUDENE, the Polygon of Drought
encompasses 1.348 municipalities in 9 states of Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Minas Gerais, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte and Sergipe). It is an area subjected to repeated and prolonged droughts and therefore subjected to special arrangements in the public sector.
CIEMG – Centro Industrial e Empresarial de Minas Gerais
The Industrial and Corporate Center of Minas Gerais (CIEMG) aims to promote the sustainable growth of the industrial supply chain of Minas Gerais. CIEMG is focused in cooperation to increase the industrial competitiveness. It is promoted professional training by courses, workshops and seminars. It is part of FIEMG cluster, thus it is offered the services and products from SESI-MG, SENAI-MG and IEL.
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais – UFMG
The Federal University of Minas Gerais is the biggest university in the state and it has three campuses, one in Montes Claros and two in Belo Horizonte. The university has around 30.000 students. It is involved in teaching, research and extension education in all areas of knowledge. UFMG is also one of the largest innovation centres in Brazil. In 2010 UFMG was the Brazilian institution that required more patents13. In 2013, QS
World University Rankings ranked the UFMG as the second best Brazilian federal university, as well as the fourth best university in the country, having occupied the tenth position among institutions in Latin America. The Technology Transfer and Innovation department (CTIT) stimulates and promotes the integration between UFMG and society, through the creation of partnerships between researchers and the business sector, with regard to the development and transfer of technology.
UFV – Universidade Federal de Viçosa
The Federal University of Viçosa has around 10.000 students. It is involved in teaching, research and extension education and agronomy is the most developed within others areas of knowledge. The federal university has a biotechnology center (BIOAGRO) for agribusiness that is recognized as one of the best in the country. BIOAGRO has tradition in the field of biotechnology for agribusiness, as it was created in 1988.
BIOAGRO – Instituto de biotecnologia Aplicada à Agropecuária
The Institute Biotechnology applied to Livestock (BIOAGRO) is a research institute from UFV (located in Viçosa) that develops biotechnology research and looks for cooperation (national either international) and funds from public/private sector.
Scientific Park, Incubators and other Supporting Institutions
Inova Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)
The INOVA-UFMG is a technology-based incubator that aims to stimulate spinoffs; to facilitate innovative start-ups; to connect the university and the market; and to improve
13According to data from the National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI). In 2010 recorded 350
the competitiveness of the local industries. Incubates companies in several areas of activity, of the 50 associated companies, 10 are related to biotechnology.
CenTev – Centro Tecnológico de Desenvolvimento Regional de Viçosa
The Technological Center of Regional Development of Viçosa (CENTEV) is linked to UFV and it has the objectives to coordinate programs and actions, which enable the UFV (Universidade Federal de Viçosa) to participate in the process of national technological development. It aims to increase the interaction between the UFV and the productive sector; to stimulate, coordinate and support entrepreneurial actions, such as student-managed businesses, incubation of technology-based enterprises; to survey the technological potentials of the UFV; and develop social and educational activities with governmental partnership.
The CENTEV/UFV is composed by the Technology-based business incubator (CENTEV/UFV), Student led Enterprise Center, Technological Park of Viçosa and Center for Social Development and Education.
The operation is funded by UFV, with the City of Viçosa (PMV), the State Secretariat for Science, Technology and Higher Education of Minas Gerais (SECTES) support.
The technology-based business Incubator (CENTEV/UFV) is one of the units of the Technological Center for Regional Development of Viçosa, which main goals are to coordinate entrepreneurial actions towards local development. It was inaugurated in 2001, has graduated more than 20 companies.
It offers support and orientation for the development of technological innovative companies. In addition to space for scientific and business activities are also offered management support and specialist consultancies. The pre-incubation, incubation and pos-incubation programs provide orientation to the conception, implementation and consolidation enterprises’ phases. Most of the incubated companies are related to agrofood, agrobusiness and environment.
TecnoPARQ – Parque Tecnológico de Viçosa
The Technology Park (TecnoPARQ) provides to technology-based companies, research institutes and business conditions to knowledge transfer and innovative technology ventures. It aims the local and regional sustainable development. The TecnoPARQ promotes technology innovation, entrepreneurship, consultancies, institutional contacts, access to equipment and instrumentation for research and also encourages public-private partnership. It was created in 2008 and most of the companies are in the biotechnology and IT fields, which several deal with food.
Biominas Brasil is a private institution located in Belo Horizonte dedicated to promote business opportunities in Brazil’s life sciences sector. It supports national and international businesses development, from conception to maturity, by providing: specialized consultancy and business development expertise; incubation, investments and market relations.
It is located in Belo Horizonte and linked to Biominas Brasil, the business incubator is focused on supporting the creation and development of projects of the technology-based companies in the sector of life sciences. It has partnership with UFMG, SEBRAE, CNPq among others public and private institutions.
EMBRAPA – Empresa Brasileira de peesquisa Agropecuária
The Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation's mission is to provide feasible solutions for the sustainable development of Brazilian agribusiness through knowledge and technology generation and transfer. EMBRAPA is a company owned by the Federal government. It is a leader in development of bio and nanotechnology for agribusiness. It has units in many Brazilian States. It has an incubator for new enterprises in agribusiness and also laboratories for cloning, molecular biology, tissue culture, bioremediation, genetic engineering, nanoparticles and transgenic organisms.
Agrofood Clusteres in Minas Gerais
In 2010, the primary sector (agricultural and animal products) accounted for 24.4% of the exports and agriculture and cattle raising jointly generate more than USD 45 billion per year in Minas Gerais.
Minas Gerais is the main coffee producer in the Brazil having 1 million hectares of planted crops being responsible for half of the processed coffee production in the country. The most important region for the coffee production is the south of the state. The Cerrado Coffee Cluster produces, processes, commercializes and distributes coffee located in Patroc nio (MG) and its surrounding areas. The cluster has small, medium and big producers. There are also 1 federation, 7 associations, 9 cooperatives, 1 coffee roaster, and trading companies, among which Mitsui, Louis Dreyfus, Tristao, Atlantica, EISA, UCC, Stockler and Volcafe.
The Jaiba Fresh Fruit Cluster produces, processes, commercializes and distributes fruit and its byproducts in the Jaíba Region (MG)14. The cluster has been growing consistently due to projects (e.g. irrigation) that have been implemented in the region. In the last five years the harvested area has doubled. A federal university and a technology center are to be opened in Janaúba in 2013. The goal is to develop research to support to the production of fruit. Among the fruits are banana, mango, lime and papaya.
The RMBH Distribution and Processed Food Cluster produces, processes, commercializes and distributes food located in Ceasa Contagem (Contagem, MG) and its surroundings. The cluster has been developing at a steady rate. It was created in 1974, Ceasa Minas has been under the administration of the federal government since 2000,
14The cities that are part of the cluster are Jaiba, Janauba, Matias Cardoso, Verdelandia, Porteirinha and
which distinguishes it from the other Ceasas in Brazil. The cluster has 560 companies, which 535 are located in Ceasa Contagem.
Minas Gerais has universities and other entities with consistent knowledge on food technology that structuring themselves to promote technology transfer. i osa has great tradition in food research and has been strengthening the innovation culture through UFV. There is also the CE TE , i osa egional Development Technology Center (which encompasses a business incubator, a junior enterprise, and a technology park).
Silemg - Sindicato da Indústria de Laticínios do Estado de Minas Gerais
The dairy industry trade union (Silemg) seeks to improve the quality of the Minas Gerais dairy industry and also to improve the working conditions. Its objective is to promote the industry growth with active participation of the regional entrepreneurs and with the Federation of Industries of the State of Minas Gerais - FIEMG.
Other Supporting Institutions
Apex-Brasil – Agência Brasileira de Promoção de Exportações e Investimentos
Apex-Brasil is a Brazilian government agency linked to the Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade (MDIC). The mission of the Brazilian Trade and Investment Promotion Agency (Apex-Brasil) is to promote exports of Brazilian products and services, contribute to the internationalization of Brazilian companies and attract foreign investments.
Cluster Consulting15 is a strategic consulting firm in Belo Horizonte specialized in supporting governments and institutions in economic development of regions by improving their competitiveness and innovation through clusters.
INDI – Instituto de desenvolvimento Integrado de Minas Gerais
The Integrated Development Institute of Minas Gerais is linked to the Secretary of State for Economic Development (HEAD), it is held by Minas Gerais’ Energetic Company (Cemig) and the Development Bank of Minas Gerais (BDMG)16. INDI assists investors willing them to establish a company, make business or invest in any of the state’s 853 municipalities. Targets of I DI’s activities range from Minas’ socioeconomic development, to disclosure, in Brazil and abroad, of business opportunities, to consolidation of companies headquartered in the state.
15The founder and main partner is Carlos Tarrasón, an expert in Brazilian politics and economics with
extensive experience working with clusters in Brazil. He participates actively in the debate and the design of micro economic policy supporting the development of the states of Brazil.
The Exportaminas is an administrative unit of the Special Coordination for Foreign Trade Department, organ of the Secretariat for Economic Development of Minas Gerais State, for the Minas Gerais foreign trade development. The unit focuses its actions on internationalization and promotion of commercial products and services for Minas Gerais companies as well as in the preparation of such enterprises to participate in international trade.
SEBRAE – Serviço Brasileiro de Apoio às Micro e Pequenas Empresas
The Brazilian Service for Small and Micro Enterprise is a private development agency. Its mission is to promote the competitiveness and sustainable development of micro and small enterprises. Through partnerships with the public and private sectors, SEBRAE promotes training programs, cooperation, territorial development and access to markets. It works by reducing the tax burden and bureaucracy for easy opening markets and expanding access to credit, technology and innovation. It has its national headquarters in Brasilia and offices in each state, with nearly 700 service points.
ABAG - Associacao Brasileira do Agronegocio
ABAG is the agribusiness association for export. Its main objective is to improve the agribusiness chain in order to add value and emphasize the importance for the Brazilian sustainable development. It also organises food industry events.
FAPESP – Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo
It is independent public foundation with the mission to foster research, the scientific and technological development of the State of São Paulo. This is achieved through the support of research projects carried out in higher education and research institutions, in all fields of knowledge (Health Sciences; Biology; Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences; Engineering; Physics; Astronomy; Chemistry; Geosciences; Mathematics and Computer Science; Architecture and Urbanism; Humanities and Social Sciences; and Technological Innovation).
FAPESP has awarded more than 45 thousand fellowships and 35 thousand financial awards to research. The balance of these years of continuous investment shows that the Foundation has made an important contribution to the expansion and strengthening of scientific and technological research in the State of São Paulo.
For each major area of knowledge, the FAPESP Board of Scientific Directors maintains a committee of recognized experts who are responsible for coordinating the process of analyzing the merits of the grant proposals submitted to FAPESP.
BNDS - Investment bank/State development Bank
The Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES) is the main financing agent for development in Brazil. The BNDES emphasizes three factors that are considered strategic: innovation, local development and socio-environmental development. BNDES supports the internationalization of Brazilian companies. The BNDES has other relations with the global market, for example, with multilateral organizations and fund agents, through which the Bank raises funds and finances projects of common interest. The BNDES has also consolidated funds with the international market.
Wisbrun Consultant & Management
Support companies willing to enter the Brazilian market and to achieve sustainable growth for the coming decades. WCM provides services as: market Intelligence and feasibility study; M&A and due diligence support; business plan; selecting, hiring & developing human resources; and company’s management & operation.
CenDoTec - Centre franco-brésilien de Documentation Technique et Scientifique
It is a French representation that supports the scientific, academic and technological development. It is also facilitate the flow of information between France and Brazil.
InvestInFrance Agency – Agência Francesa para Investimentos Internacionais
It is a French agency for foreign investments. It provides assistance to speed up the procedures and to help companies to get in touch with the relevant government departments. It is also offered detailed information on the legal regulations.
FINEP – Agência Brasileira de Inovação
FINEP is the financing innovation agency that promotes economic and social development of Brazil by public funds to science, technology and innovation. Its focus is in companies, universities, technological institutes and other public or private institutions. Its main objectives is to operate in the entire innovation chain, focusing on strategic, structural and impact to the sustainable development of Brazil.
OCB – Organização das Cooperativas Brasileiras
The Brazilian Cooperative Organization (OCB) is the highest agency for representing cooperatives in the country. The agricultural and livestock segment is currently the strongest sector among Brazilian cooperatives, with the highest number of cooperatives and members in Brazil. These cooperatives normally cover the entire productive chain, from the preparation of the land, to industrialization and the sale of products.
The agricultural and livestock cooperatives17 have been established throughout the country and they are responsible for a significant share of exports18 and, at the same time, supply the domestic market with food products. A wide range of services are provided – technical support, storage, industrializing and promotion of products, as well as social and educational assistance.
OCESP – Organização das Cooperativas do Estado de São Paulo
The Cooperatives of São Paulo State Organization promotes the cooperative through education, integration, representation, orientations and communication actions. The Agriculture and livestock sector has 121 cooperatives and more than 180.000 cooperates. It is the 4th large cooperative sector in the state19. It joins the National
17They are rural producers, including pastures and fisheries, which own their means of production,
involving the purchase or sale of common production, storage and industrializing, and the provision of technical, educational and social assistance.
18According to the OCB the agriculture is responsible to 38,4% of agricultural GDP, 47,5% of the
Cooperative GDP and USD 3,3 billion of direct exports (2007). http://www.ocb.org.br/
19The Credit cooperative is the largest in São Paulo state with 220 cooperatives, followed by Health (185)
Cooperative Learning System in the São Paulo state (SESCOOP/SP) that promotes courses, workshops, technical meetings and cultural activities.
OCEMG – Organização das Cooperativas do Estado de Minas Gerais
The Cooperatives of Minas Gerais State Organization is an institution of political representation, union-employer and defense of cooperatives in the State. It joins the National Cooperative Learning Minas Gerais (Sescoop-MG), responsible for the activities of training, monitoring and promotion of social activities. The Ocemg still included the Federation of Unions of Cooperatives in the states of Alagoas, Bahia, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais and Santa Catarina (Fecoop-Sulene). The Agriculture and livestock sector has 174 cooperatives and more than 160.000 cooperates. It is the largest cooperative sector in Minas Gerais. The Cooxupé is the biggest agricultural and livestock cooperative in the state and coffee is its main product.
Supporting Agencies and Services – France
Supporting Agencies and Services – Italy
Supporting Agencies and Services – The Netherlands
Embassy Consulate-General of the Netherlands in Sao Paulo http://saopaulo.nlconsulado.org
Nico van Dijk +55 11 3811 3300 firstname.lastname@example.org
Chamber of Commerce Dutcham www.dutcham.nl
Thomas Lagemann + 55 11 3221 58 99 email@example.com
NL Agency Agentschap NL www.agentschapnl.nl
Theo Groothuizen +55 11 3811 3307 SAO-IA@minbuza.nl Finantial Services Deloitte www.deloitte.nl +55 11 5186-6686 firstname.lastname@example.org KPMG Accountants NV www.kpmg.com.br Eduardo Pocetti 55 11 2183-3000 PriceWaterhouse Coopers www.pwc.nl +55 11 3674-2000 Rabobank www.rabobank.com + 55 11 5503-7000 email@example.com
Diagram of Institutional Relationship
Governamental Technological Agency
SCHUH P., Barros A., Shirota R. and Nicolleta A. 2002. Paulo. São Paulo: FAPESP, 2003. 5-6
ILLE . “Biotecnologia – Histórico e Tendências”. Revista de Graduação de
Engenharia Química, Ano V No. 10 Jul-Dez 2002: Mandruvá. Accessed September 19, 2013. http://www.hottopos.com/regeq10/rafael.htm
BI TEC, “Plano de Desenvolvimento do Arranjo Produtivo de Biotecnologia da egia o Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte”, 2007. Accessed September 17, 2013.
http://www.desenvolvimento.gov.br/arquivos/dwnl_1248287911.pdf B BI TEC. “Brazil Biotech Map 2011.” Accessed September 17, 2013.