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EFFEctive

Strategies

for getting more

EFFEctive

Strategies

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BETTER FUEL

EFFICIENCY

STARTS HERE

CHAPTER 1

CHAPTER 1

BETTER FUEL

EFFICIENCY

STARTS HERE

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VOLVO’S

COMMITMENT TO

FUEL EFFICIENCY

The benefits of increased fuel efficiency are simple: you save money and reduce CO2 emissions. Getting the

most from every drop of fuel depends on factors that range from engine and transmission performance to truck cab design, the routes you take and the drivers you hire and train.

Since today’s fuel prices account for a large portion of your fleet’s total operating costs, Volvo continues to drive strategies and innovations to help you log more miles using less fuel.

The strategies featured here are proven tools for saving money. Put them to work and you’ll make your fleet more profitable, year after year.

Section 1

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First Air-to-Air Intercooler

First Aerodynamic Headlights

Volvo D12 Overhead Cam Direct Injection Engine

VNL Aerodynamic Restyle VNL Aerodynamic

Enhancements Volvo D11, D13, D16 Global

Engine Platforms Volvo I-Shift Introduced VN Launch Establishes a New Aerodynamic Standard

First Aerodynamic Truck with Tapered Hood and Full Aerodynamic Package

1983 1987 1978 2005 1994 FuelWATCH Fuelwatch Initiative

Volvo’s SCR No Regen Engine with Eco- and Dual-Torque options

Redesigned Cab Aerodynamics Mass-Based Variable Torque Online Driver Development &

Fuel Management Analysis

Volvo introduces the revolutionary XE13 fuel efficiency package

2008 2007

2002 1996

2010

Volvo introduces the revolutionary XE13 fuel efficiency package Volvo extends the award-winning XE fuel efficiency line with the introduction of the XE16, a heavy-spec package rated for combination weights up to 143,000 pounds. 2012

Vol

vo trucks:

a his

tor

y of

f

uel

efficienc

y inno

va

tion

What will Volvo introduce next? Stay tuned!

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VOICE OF THE

CUSTOMER

“We’re seeing 8.5 MPG from our 11-liter

Volvo engines;

that’s 10% better than

other trucks in our fleet.”

JERRY MORROW

Vice President, Ploger Transportation Bellevue, OH

M

OVIE

1.1 Fleet Testimonial

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4

VOICE OF THE

CUSTOMER

“We’re seeing 8.5 MPG from our 11-liter

Volvo engines;

that’s 10% better than

other trucks in our fleet.”

JERRY MORROW

Vice President, Ploger Transportation Bellevue, OH

M

OVIE

1.1 Fleet Testimonial

Section 2

4

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VOICE OF THE

CUSTOMER

“We’re very pleased with the fuel

mileage we’re getting from our Volvo

trucks.

Our new units with Volvo Power

and I-Shift are exceeding 8 MPG.”

JOHN FRITZIUS

General Manager, Motor Carrier Service, Inc. Northwood, OH

M

OVIE

1.2 Fleet Testimonial

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5

VOICE OF THE

CUSTOMER

“We’re very pleased with the fuel

mileage we’re getting from our Volvo

trucks.

Our new units with Volvo Power

and I-Shift are exceeding 8 MPG.”

JOHN FRITZIUS

General Manager, Motor Carrier Service, Inc. Northwood, OH

M

OVIE

1.2 Fleet Testimonial

Section 3

5

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VOICE OF THE

CUSTOMER

“Our Volvo trucks with SCR are

delivering excellent fuel economy across

the board, and we have the data to

support it.

We’ve had no regeneration

issues, and frankly, the vehicles have been

performing even better than we

expected.”

DEAN D

E

SANTIS

President, Heritage Transport Indianapolis, IN

M

OVIE

1.3 Fleet Testimonial

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6

VOICE OF THE

CUSTOMER

“Our Volvo trucks with SCR are

delivering excellent fuel economy across

the board, and we have the data to

support it.

We’ve had no regeneration

issues, and frankly, the vehicles have been

performing even better than we

expected.”

DEAN D

E

SANTIS

President, Heritage Transport Indianapolis, IN

M

OVIE

1.3 Fleet Testimonial

Section 4

6

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FUel efficiency

Innovation

FUel efficiency

Innovation

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FUEL EFFICIENCY

INNOVATION

There are a host of vehicle features and variables that 


can affect fuel efficiency. At Volvo Trucks, we’ve focused 


our efforts on factors that can make the biggest 


difference for fuel-conscious fleets.

Volvo technology is focused on three factors: • Powertrain

• Aerodynamics

• Driver Tools for Efficiency

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1% HERE, 1% THERE. IT ALL ADDS UP.

Small increases in fuel efficiency quickly add up to sizeable savings. That’s the strategy behind the Volvo innovations that help you get more from every drop. We constantly look for new ways to make our trucks go further with less fuel and less impact on the environment. It’s an approach that’s made us a leader in our field.

Our D13 engine and I-Shift transmission create the industry’s most efficient powertrain. Our advanced aerodynamics dramatically reduce wind resistance. And our driver tools make every trip more productive.

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integrated

powertrain

CHAPTER 3

integrated

powertrain

CHAPTER 3

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INTEGRATED

POWERTRAIN

A powerful engine that delivers

high efficiency and low emissions.

Plus an intelligent transmission that

automatically keeps the engine

running in the sweet spot.

Welcome to the fuel-saving Volvo 


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XE13 POWERTRAIN

PACKAGE

XE = Exceptional Efficiency

It is your best option for maximum

fuel economy.

The innovative XE13 powertrain package effectively lowers engine RPM at cruising speed, a concept Volvo calls downspeeding. As you know, the benefit of lower engine rpm is lower fuel consumption.

Section 1

11

I

MAGE

3.1

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XE13 POWERTRAIN

PACKAGE

XE = Exceptional Efficiency

It is your best option for maximum

fuel economy.

The innovative XE13 powertrain package effectively lowers engine RPM at cruising speed, a concept Volvo calls downspeeding. As you know, the benefit of lower engine rpm is lower fuel consumption.

Section 1

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12

Volvo I-Shift and XE13 software work

together to get more from every drop of fuel.

Since the Volvo powertrain is fully integrated, each

component always knows the demand placed on the other. This constant communication allows the I-Shift

transmission to control the D13 engine, rather than the other way around.

Staying in the sweet spot boosts fuel efficiency up to three percent.

The XE13 package consistently operates in the engine’s “sweet spot” – 1050 RPM to 1500 RPM – with the most efficient range typically between 1100 RPM to 1200 RPM. Operating in this range yields about a 1.5 percent fuel efficiency improvement for every 100 RPM of

downspeeding, so the XE13 provides a fuel efficiency gain of up to three percent.

Designed for virtually all North American Interstate Highways.

The XE13 package is ideal for long haul and regional haul routes, bulk haulers, and a wide range of over-the-highway applications. Bulk haulers, fleets with lighter payloads and those who go out heavy and return empty will see the greatest improvement in fuel efficiency.

The package is optimized for speeds 62-68 miles per hour, but works well at all speeds. Whether mountain, city or any

MOVIE 3.1 XE13

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Volvo I-Shift and XE13 software work

Since the Volvo powertrain is fully integrated, each

component always knows the demand placed on the other. This constant communication allows the I-Shift

transmission to control the D13 engine, rather than the other way around.

Staying in the sweet spot boosts fuel efficiency

up to three percent.

The XE13 package consistently operates in the engine’s “sweet spot” – 1050 RPM to 1500 RPM – with the most efficient range typically between 1100 RPM to 1200 RPM. Operating in this range yields about a 1.5 percent fuel efficiency improvement for every 100 RPM of

downspeeding, so the XE13 provides a fuel efficiency gain of up to three percent.

Designed for virtually all North American

Interstate Highways.

The XE13 package is ideal for long haul and regional haul routes, bulk haulers, and a wide range of over-the-highway applications. Bulk haulers, fleets with lighter payloads and those who go out heavy and return empty will see the greatest improvement in fuel efficiency.

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13

route in between, there are no highways where the XE package can’t go.

The XE13 powertrain package includes the

following components:

• Volvo D13 engine with 425 or 455 horsepower rating and 1750 lb-ft of torque

• Volvo I-Shift overdrive transmission with a 0.78:1 ratio • Axle ratios of 2.64 to 2.69

“One of the trucking industry’s most

significant technical innovations.”

The XE13 powertrain package was named the North American trucking industry’s most significant technical innovation of 2011. The 21st annual Technical Achievement Award was presented to Volvo Trucks by the Truck Writers of North America (TWNA).

Introducing the XE16: Exceptional fuel efficiency

for fleets requiring the high horsepower and

torque of the Volvo D16 engine.

Volvo also offers two XE packages with the 16-liter Volvo D16 engine. A heavy-spec XE16 package – rated for combination weights up to 143,000 pounds – is designed specifically for heavy long combination vehicles. A lighter-spec XE16 package combines exceptional fuel efficiency with outstanding performance for five-axle

tractor-semitrailer combinations up to 80,000 pounds. 

Both XE16 packages deliver the full power and low-end torque needed for higher weight applications while saving fuel by running at a lower rpm. Fleets can count on 2,050 lb-ft. of torque with engine speeds as low as 1,000 rpm for excellent low-rpm drivability.

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route in between, there are no highways where the XE package can’t go.

The XE13 powertrain package includes the

following components:

• Volvo D13 engine with 425 or 455 horsepower rating and 1750 lb-ft of torque

• Volvo I-Shift overdrive transmission with a 0.78:1 ratio • Axle ratios of 2.64 to 2.69

“One of the trucking industry’s most

significant technical innovations.”

The XE13 powertrain package was named the North American trucking industry’s most significant technical innovation of 2011. The 21st annual Technical Achievement Award was presented to Volvo Trucks by the Truck Writers of North America (TWNA).

Introducing the XE16: Exceptional fuel efficiency

for fleets requiring the high horsepower and

torque of the Volvo D16 engine.

Volvo also offers two XE packages with the 16-liter Volvo D16 engine. A heavy-spec XE16 package – rated for combination weights up to 143,000 pounds – is designed specifically for heavy long combination vehicles. A lighter-spec XE16 package combines exceptional fuel efficiency with outstanding performance for five-axle

tractor-semitrailer combinations up to 80,000 pounds. 

Both XE16 packages deliver the full power and low-end torque needed for higher weight applications while saving fuel by running at a lower rpm. Fleets can count on 2,050 lb-ft. of torque with engine speeds as low as 1,000 rpm for excellent low-rpm drivability.

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14

VOLVO POWER

WITH ECO-TORQUE

Volvo D11, D13 and D16 engines

with Eco-Torque feature low RPM

and top gear operation to save fuel.

Volvo engines with our innovative Eco-Torque

feature deliver torque ratings that maximize

their fuel efficiency.

With Eco-Torque, the truck accelerates normally through all bottom gears. In the top two gears, where most fuel is consumed, the engine defaults to a lower torque curve. Higher torque is available on demand, but only under certain conditions.

Section 2

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3.1

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More power for the hills.

More efficiency for your bottom line.

Each Volvo Eco-Torque engine rating has a higher torque curve and a lower torque curve. The nominal horsepower for each rating is associated with the higher torque curve. On a steep grade, performance is enhanced when the engine automatically switches to the higher curve. Engine efficiency under these full-load, low-RPM conditions is at its maximum. The engine will revert to the low curve when the power demand is removed and cruise conditions are

resumed. This saves fuel by encouraging operation at a lower, more efficient RPM, and provides a fleet engine that’s capable of cresting most hills in the top gear. Plus, the driver quickly learns that this exceptional Eco-Torque performance is obtained by operating at low engine RPM.

Ratings that save your fleet money now, and pay

you back at trade-in.

All Volvo engines may be up-rated to the highest rating within their displacement with only a software flash, limited only by transmission capacity. For example, a

fuel-efficiency-conscious fleet owner may specify the tractor with a 405 Eco-Torque engine and Volvo I-Shift

transmission. At trade-in, the engine may simply be re-flashed to a full 500 horsepower and 1750 lb-ft torque for higher residual value. There’s no need to replace any driveline or cooling components, and no engine hardware, such as turbo or injectors, needs to be changed.

What kind of fuel efficiency does Eco-Torque

deliver?

A lot depends on driver, payload, terrain and other factors. But with Eco-Torque, you can expect fuel efficiency that delivers more miles from every drop of diesel.

0 500 1000 1500 2000 200 300 400 500 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 Torque (Lb-ft) Power (Hp) Volvo D13-500 Eco-Torque 1750 / 1550

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More power for the hills.

More efficiency for your bottom line.

Each Volvo Eco-Torque engine rating has a higher torque curve and a lower torque curve. The nominal horsepower for each rating is associated with the higher torque curve. On a steep grade, performance is enhanced when the engine automatically switches to the higher curve. Engine efficiency under these full-load, low-RPM conditions is at its maximum. The engine will revert to the low curve when the power demand is removed and cruise conditions are

resumed. This saves fuel by encouraging operation at a lower, more efficient RPM, and provides a fleet engine that’s capable of cresting most hills in the top gear. Plus, the driver quickly learns that this exceptional Eco-Torque performance is obtained by operating at low engine RPM.

Ratings that save your fleet money now, and pay

you back at trade-in.

All Volvo engines may be up-rated to the highest rating within their displacement with only a software flash, limited only by transmission capacity. For example, a

fuel-efficiency-conscious fleet owner may specify the tractor with a 405 Eco-Torque engine and Volvo I-Shift

transmission. At trade-in, the engine may simply be re-flashed to a full 500 horsepower and 1750 lb-ft torque for higher residual value. There’s no need to replace any driveline or cooling components, and no engine hardware, such as turbo or injectors, needs to be changed.

What kind of fuel efficiency does Eco-Torque

deliver?

A lot depends on driver, payload, terrain and other factors. But with Eco-Torque, you can expect fuel efficiency that delivers more miles from every drop of diesel.

0 500 1000 1500 2000 200 300 400 500 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 Torque (Lb-ft) Power (Hp) Engine Speed (Rpm) Volvo D13-500 Eco-Torque 1750 / 1550 15 24

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I-SHIFT

Volvo’s I-Shift transmission keeps

your fleet in the sweet spot.

I-Shift: Better for you, your fleet and your

bottom line.

Volvo I-Shift is a 12-speed, two-pedal, automated manual transmission (AMT) that maximizes driver comfort, payload capacity and fuel efficiency.

I-Shift is designed to integrate seamlessly with Volvo engines and requires virtually no maintenance. It’s 


ideal for applications such as line haul, heavy haul, construction, distribution, pick-up and delivery. Available in four feature-specific packages, I-Shift 


can be customized to fit the demanding needs of 


fleets of all sizes.

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A transmission with intelligence.

The I-Shift transmission management system employs a next-generation microprocessor to deliver “intelligent” features that improve driveability and fuel efficiency. For example, I-Shift knows the efficiency map for each Volvo engine. By continuously monitoring the changing grade, vehicle speed, acceleration, torque demand, weight, rolling and air resistance, I-Shift can instantly predict and select the most efficient utilization of the engine. In other words, it knows when and where a shift would be beneficial.

Advantages to reduce your fuel costs.

I-Shift lets every driver shift like a fuel efficiency expert, reducing your fleet’s fuel costs. Smooth shifting puts less stress on the driveline and the tires, and can extend the useful life of the driveline and minimize maintenance. I-Shift is also light in weight, increasing your payload opportunity. Drivers can trust I-Shift to always select the right gear to stay in the engine’s “sweet spot.” This level of ease reduces fatigue, helps with driver retention and reduces the time it takes for a driver to make a profit on the road.

The best AMT on the road is the best AMT for

your fleet.

Volvo I-Shift has the highest torque capacity in the industry. It’s almost 200 pounds lighter than the competition, and requires little maintenance. It’s the only AMT with features like Eco-Roll® to save fuel, and Kick-Down to maximize

acceleration. And only I-Shift is available with enhanced PTO functions.

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A transmission with intelligence.

The I-Shift transmission management system employs a next-generation microprocessor to deliver “intelligent” features that improve driveability and fuel efficiency. For example, I-Shift knows the efficiency map for each Volvo engine. By continuously monitoring the changing grade, vehicle speed, acceleration, torque demand, weight, rolling and air resistance, I-Shift can instantly predict and select the most efficient utilization of the engine. In other words, it knows when and where a shift would be beneficial.

Advantages to reduce your fuel costs.

I-Shift lets every driver shift like a fuel efficiency expert, reducing your fleet’s fuel costs. Smooth shifting puts less stress on the driveline and the tires, and can extend the useful life of the driveline and minimize maintenance. I-Shift is also light in weight, increasing your payload opportunity. Drivers can trust I-Shift to always select the right gear to stay in the engine’s “sweet spot.” This level of ease reduces fatigue, helps with driver retention and reduces the time it takes for a driver to make a profit on the road.

The best AMT on the road is the best AMT for

your fleet.

Volvo I-Shift has the highest torque capacity in the industry. It’s almost 200 pounds lighter than the competition, and requires little maintenance. It’s the only AMT with features like Eco-Roll® to save fuel, and Kick-Down to maximize

acceleration. And only I-Shift is available with enhanced PTO functions.

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19

SCR vs. EGR

Two technologies.

But only

one way to increase your

fleet’s fuel efficiency.

The challenge: meeting EPA 2010

requirements.

As the diesel engine industry worked to meet EPA 2010 emissions requirements, two NOx-reduction

technologies emerged: SCR, Selective Catalytic Reduction; and MEGR, Massive Exhaust Gas Recirculation. While SCR and EGR seem to be

competing technologies, Volvo found a way to use the best of both. Our proprietary SCR aftertreatment uses less EGR and eliminates active regeneration. It improves fuel efficiency, engine performance and driver uptime.

Section 4

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SCR: The preferred technology for EPA

2010 engines.

An MEGR engine uses more recycled exhaust, which reduces the amount of available oxygen and creates more soot. This increases the need for active regeneration—and uses more fuel. On the other hand, the Volvo SCR system reduces the amount of EGR, increasing the amount of

oxygen and reducing the need for regeneration, which helps to increase fuel efficiency.

With Volvo SCR, a small amount of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)—a water solution of urea—is injected into the

exhaust. This turns the NOx into nitrogen and water vapor, with no pollution. Most importantly, it allows the engine to be restored to a more normal state of operation for better performance and increased fuel efficiency.

No active regeneration.

For 2010, Volvo went the extra mile to develop the ultimate regeneration technology. By rebalancing the NOx-to-soot ratio, Volvo has increased passive regeneration—which occurs automatically—to a level that eliminates the need for active regeneration under normal highway driving

conditions. This not only saves fuel, but reduces driver

Volvo SCR engines can deliver up to 5% better

fuel efficiency.

Getting more from every drop of fuel is the primary reason why Volvo Trucks selected SCR for our EPA 2010 engines. In fact, these engines can deliver 5% better fuel efficiency than our highly efficient EPA ’07 engines. And for every dollar you invest in DEF, you’ll get two dollars back in reduced diesel fuel costs. Even with the cost of DEF taken into account, Volvo truck engines for EPA ’10 will help you reduce your fleet’s fuel costs.

SCR: The preferred technology for EPA

2010 engines.

An MEGR engine uses more recycled exhaust, which reduces the amount of available oxygen and creates more soot. This increases the need for active regeneration—and uses more fuel. On the other hand, the Volvo SCR system reduces the amount of EGR, increasing the amount of

oxygen and reducing the need for regeneration, which helps to increase fuel efficiency.

With Volvo SCR, a small amount of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)—a water solution of urea—is injected into the

exhaust. This turns the NOx into nitrogen and water vapor, with no pollution. Most importantly, it allows the engine to be restored to a more normal state of operation for better performance and increased fuel efficiency.

No active regeneration.

For 2010, Volvo went the extra mile to develop the ultimate regeneration technology. By rebalancing the NOx-to-soot ratio, Volvo has increased passive regeneration—which occurs automatically—to a level that eliminates the need for active regeneration under normal highway driving

conditions. This not only saves fuel, but reduces driver

Volvo SCR engines can deliver up to 5% better

fuel efficiency.

Getting more from every drop of fuel is the primary reason why Volvo Trucks selected SCR for our EPA 2010 engines. In fact, these engines can deliver 5% better fuel efficiency than our highly efficient EPA ’07 engines. And for every dollar you invest in DEF, you’ll get two dollars back in reduced diesel fuel costs. Even with the cost of DEF taken into account, Volvo truck engines for EPA ’10 will help you reduce your fleet’s fuel costs.

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20

SCR: The preferred technology for EPA

2010 engines.

An MEGR engine uses more recycled exhaust, which reduces the amount of available oxygen and creates more soot. This increases the need for active regeneration—and uses more fuel. On the other hand, the Volvo SCR system reduces the amount of EGR, increasing the amount of

oxygen and reducing the need for regeneration, which helps to increase fuel efficiency.

With Volvo SCR, a small amount of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)—a water solution of urea—is injected into the

exhaust. This turns the NOx into nitrogen and water vapor, with no pollution. Most importantly, it allows the engine to be restored to a more normal state of operation for better performance and increased fuel efficiency.

No active regeneration.

For 2010, Volvo went the extra mile to develop the ultimate regeneration technology. By rebalancing the NOx-to-soot ratio, Volvo has increased passive regeneration—which occurs automatically—to a level that eliminates the need for active regeneration under normal highway driving

conditions. This not only saves fuel, but reduces driver downtime.

Volvo SCR engines can deliver up to 5% better

fuel efficiency.

Getting more from every drop of fuel is the primary reason why Volvo Trucks selected SCR for our EPA 2010 engines. In fact, these engines can deliver 5% better fuel efficiency than our highly efficient EPA ’07 engines. And for every dollar you invest in DEF, you’ll get two dollars back in reduced diesel fuel costs. Even with the cost of DEF taken into account, Volvo truck engines for EPA ’10 will help you reduce your fleet’s fuel costs.

20 20

SCR: The preferred technology for EPA

2010 engines.

An MEGR engine uses more recycled exhaust, which reduces the amount of available oxygen and creates more soot. This increases the need for active regeneration—and uses more fuel. On the other hand, the Volvo SCR system reduces the amount of EGR, increasing the amount of

oxygen and reducing the need for regeneration, which helps to increase fuel efficiency.

With Volvo SCR, a small amount of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)—a water solution of urea—is injected into the

exhaust. This turns the NOx into nitrogen and water vapor, with no pollution. Most importantly, it allows the engine to be restored to a more normal state of operation for better performance and increased fuel efficiency.

No active regeneration.

For 2010, Volvo went the extra mile to develop the ultimate regeneration technology. By rebalancing the NOx-to-soot ratio, Volvo has increased passive regeneration—which occurs automatically—to a level that eliminates the need for active regeneration under normal highway driving

conditions. This not only saves fuel, but reduces driver downtime.

Volvo SCR engines can deliver up to 5% better

fuel efficiency.

Getting more from every drop of fuel is the primary reason why Volvo Trucks selected SCR for our EPA 2010 engines. In fact, these engines can deliver 5% better fuel efficiency than our highly efficient EPA ’07 engines. And for every dollar you invest in DEF, you’ll get two dollars back in reduced diesel fuel costs. Even with the cost of DEF taken into account, Volvo truck engines for EPA ’10 will help you reduce your fleet’s fuel costs.

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advanced

aerodynamics

advanced

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ADVANCED

AERODYNAMICS

Our innovative cab design

reduces aerodynamic drag

from every angle.

It’s been shown that above 50 MPH, 50% of a truck’s power can be consumed by wind drag. Obviously, that has

a major impact on fuel efficiency. And it’s why Volvo

continually makes a major investment in aerodynamic research, testing and redesign.

In 1996 we changed the way the industry looked at

aerodynamics and its impact on fuel efficiency. In 2002 we enhanced the VN’s aerodynamic features to further

reduce drag and improve fuel efficiency. We refined the aerodynamic design again in 2010, improving fuel

efficiency by an additional 1%. Today, we’ve added even

more aerodynamic innovations to further reduce wind resistance and increase mpg.

Some enhancements have been big, others deceptively small. But regardless of size, they all add up to make a

significant improvement in your fleet’s fuel efficiency.

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Aerodynamic headlight assembly

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ALLERY

4.1

Aerodynamic Gallery

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ADVANCED

AERODYNAMICS

Our innovative cab design

reduces aerodynamic drag

from every angle.

It’s been shown that above 50 MPH, 50% of a truck’s power can be consumed by wind drag. Obviously, that has

a major impact on fuel efficiency. And it’s why Volvo

continually makes a major investment in aerodynamic research, testing and redesign.

In 1996 we changed the way the industry looked at

aerodynamics and its impact on fuel efficiency. In 2002 we enhanced the VN’s aerodynamic features to further

reduce drag and improve fuel efficiency. We refined the aerodynamic design again in 2010, improving fuel

efficiency by an additional 1%. Today, we’ve added even

more aerodynamic innovations to further reduce wind resistance and increase mpg.

Some enhancements have been big, others deceptively small. But regardless of size, they all add up to make a

significant improvement in your fleet’s fuel efficiency.

Aerodynamic headlight assembly

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23

NO TRACTOR

HANDLES AIR BETTER

THAN A VOLVO VN

Controlling the air. That’s the key

to fuel efficiency.

Research tells us that a 1% reduction in drag can increase fuel economy by 0.3 to 0.5% at highway speeds. It’s also true that about 50% of the drag of a tractor-trailer combination is attributed to trailer. That’s right: 50%.

But trailer drag is affected by the how well the truck moves through the air, and how it passes the air from tractor to trailer. And the better a tractor handles the air, the lower the drag from the trailer. Which is good news

for Volvo fleets.

Section

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There are three rules for maximizing a truck’s

aerodynamics

1. ATTACH the air as close to the front of the truck 


as possible. 2. Keep it attached.

3. PASS the air along as EFFICIENTLY as possible.

The more quickly a truck attaches and takes control of the air, the better it can maintain control of the air – all the way to the end of the trailer.

Rounded surfaces are best for taking control of air. That’s why Volvo trucks have a sloping nose and smooth curves designed for reducing drag. Volvo cabs are smooth sided, without obstructions to catch the air and cause drag.

We’ve removed airflow obstacles such as air cleaners, door

handles and exterior grab handles. Even our mirrors and headlights are designed to reduce air drag.

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ATTACH THE AIR.

CONTROL IT.

SAVE FUEL.

With the right design, every part

of the truck can increase your

fuel efficiency.

Controlling the air is the key to fuel efficiency, and the Volvo VN takes control from the front bumper to the back of the trailer. Move your cursor to each part to see how it enhances the VN’s aerodynamics.

Section 2

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SUMMARY

Aerodynamics fuel

efficiency by the numbers:

• 10% fuel efficiency increase by reducing speed from 65 to 55 MPH.

• 2% fuel efficiency increase by removing bug deflector. • 10% fuel efficiency lost by hauling a high trailer with mid-roof cab.

• 3% fuel efficiency increase by closing the trailer gap from 60” to 40”.

• 1% fuel efficiency increase by using an Adjustable 


Trim Tab.

Adjustable Trim Tab

Trailer Gap

Cab Roof to Trailer Height Chassis Fairings Sun Visor Windshield Ground Effects Hood Tires Wheel Opening Light Pods Aero Bumper

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driver tools for

fuel efficiency

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DRIVER

INFORMATION

DISPLAYS

The information you need to be

fuel-efficient, all in one place.

Indicators for fuel efficiency and performance.

All Driver Information Displays feature menu-driven commands to help manage Volvo’s SCR aftertreatment system. Base and Premium displays also feature menus for additional features and functions. Drivers can scroll through digital gauges, view fuel data, review trip and distance data, and more.

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29

Performance Bonus Guide

The Performance Bonus Guide option is designed to

encourage drivers to operate their Volvo truck for optimum

efficiency. Efficient operation can be rewarded with an

increase to their Road Speed Limit, or drivers can receive

other incentives as you see fit.

The Performance Bonus display provides real-time status of vehicle performance, so drivers know exactly when they’re getting the most from every drop of fuel—for example, when they’re in the “sweet spot” and achieving the best mileage.

For more about Volvo Performance Bonus features, 
 see page 37.

Sweet Spot Indicator

When drivers are in the "sweet spot," they’re achieving the best fuel economy. The integrated Sweet Spot indicator is standard with all Volvo engines, and assists the driver by automatically calculating what percentage of time the truck has been operating in optimum engine speed for driving conditions.

On the display, one dollar sign means the engine is operating in a ‘less efficient’ area of the sweet spot. Fuel consumed in this mode will count 50% towards calculated sweet spot percentage.

Two dollar signs means the engine is in the sweet spot. Fuel consumed in this mode will count 100% towards sweet spot percentage.

Sweet Spot Fuel Savings:

$80,000 Fuel cost 125,000 miles, $4.00/gallon $800 Savings with 1% average improvement $3,200 Over 4-year vehicle life

$48,000 Savings for a fleet of 15 trucks

$0 Cost of the Sweet Spot Indicator

29

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Performance Bonus Guide

The Performance Bonus Guide option is designed to

encourage drivers to operate their Volvo truck for optimum

efficiency. Efficient operation can be rewarded with an

increase to their Road Speed Limit, or drivers can receive

other incentives as you see fit.

The Performance Bonus display provides real-time status of vehicle performance, so drivers know exactly when they’re getting the most from every drop of fuel—for example, when they’re in the “sweet spot” and achieving the best mileage.

For more about Volvo Performance Bonus features, 
 see page 37.

Sweet Spot Indicator

When drivers are in the "sweet spot," they’re achieving the best fuel economy. The integrated Sweet Spot indicator is standard with all Volvo engines, and assists the driver by automatically calculating what percentage of time the truck has been operating in optimum engine speed for driving conditions.

On the display, one dollar sign means the engine is operating in a ‘less efficient’ area of the sweet spot. Fuel consumed in this mode will count 50% towards calculated sweet spot percentage.

Two dollar signs means the engine is in the sweet spot. Fuel consumed in this mode will count 100% towards sweet spot percentage.

Sweet Spot Fuel Savings:

$80,000 Fuel cost 125,000 miles, $4.00/gallon $800 Savings with 1% average improvement $3,200 Over 4-year vehicle life

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31

DRIVING TIPS

Proven ways to increase fuel

efficiency

and lower costs.

Nothing affects your bottom line more than driver performance. Here are proven tips that tell drivers what to do—and what not to do—to maximize truck

performance and get more out of every drop of fuel.

Section 2

M

OVIE

5.1 Driving Tips

31

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DRIVING TIPS

Proven ways to increase fuel

efficiency

and lower costs.

Nothing affects your bottom line more than driver performance. Here are proven tips that tell drivers what to do—and what not to do—to maximize truck

performance and get more out of every drop of fuel.

Section 2

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32

Driving Tips – What to do:

• Slow down! Above 55 mph, each 1 mph increase reduces fuel efficiency by 0.1 mpg.

• Coast when possible. When approaching the crown of a hill or a red light, release the accelerator. Using the truck’s own momentum can save fuel.

• Operate at a constant speed. On smooth, flat stretches, use cruise control to supply a more even amount of fuel.

• Driving technique can impact fuel efficiency up to 5%. The most efficient drivers can get about 30% better fuel efficiency than the least efficient drivers.

• Try to stay in top gear at least 85% of the distance in a normal highway application; let the engine lug down when slowing.

• Make as few shifts as possible (skip shift). This avoids unnecessary high revs that can rob fuel. Shift between 1150 and 1500 rpm.

What NOT to do:

• Avoid speed changes (speeding up and slowing down). Each 0 to 65 mph acceleration uses up to ½ gallon 
 of fuel.

• Avoid idling whenever possible. Each hour of idle time (in long-haul operation) can decrease fuel efficiency by 1%. Fuel used during idle does not move your freight and reduces overall fuel efficiency. Also, be aware of idling restrictions in many states.

32

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Driving Tips – What to do:

• Slow down! Above 55 mph, each 1 mph increase reduces fuel efficiency by 0.1 mpg.

• Coast when possible. When approaching the crown of a hill or a red light, release the accelerator. Using the truck’s own momentum can save fuel.

• Operate at a constant speed. On smooth, flat stretches, use cruise control to supply a more even amount of fuel.

• Driving technique can impact fuel efficiency up to 5%. The most efficient drivers can get about 30% better fuel efficiency than the least efficient drivers.

• Try to stay in top gear at least 85% of the distance in a normal highway application; let the engine lug down when slowing.

• Make as few shifts as possible (skip shift). This avoids unnecessary high revs that can rob fuel. Shift between 1150 and 1500 rpm.

What NOT to do:

• Avoid speed changes (speeding up and slowing down). Each 0 to 65 mph acceleration uses up to ½ gallon 
 of fuel.

• Avoid idling whenever possible. Each hour of idle time (in long-haul operation) can decrease fuel efficiency by 1%. Fuel used during idle does not move your freight and reduces overall fuel efficiency. Also, be aware of idling restrictions in many states.

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33

Extra steps you can take:

• Minimize your trailer gap. If possible, move stationary fifth wheels forward, or add some rear stops on sliders.

Decrease your trailer gap (especially on box vans) for best fuel savings. Reducing trailer gap 10" can save up to 1% or more. The best gap is approximately 38” to 43".

• Evaluate electronic engine settings. Electronic settings are easily changed; settings that match your application can yield the best savings. Use optimum Road 


Speed Limits.

• Use Gear Down Protection. Your best fuel efficiency is in high gear, not one gear down.

Other factors that affect fuel efficiency:

• At any speed, the driver is the biggest contributor to MPG. After that, tires are the most important factor in mpg below 55 MPH; aerodynamics contributes most above 55 MPH.

• Above 55 MPH, each 2% reduction in aerodynamic drag results in approximately 1% improvement in fuel

efficiency.

• Fuel efficiency can increase up to 7% after tires are broken in (35,000–50,000 miles).

• Used lug drive tires can get up to 0.4 MPG better fuel efficiency than new lug tires.

• Ribbed tires on drive axles can get 2-4% better fuel efficiency than lug tires.

• Each 10 PSI that a truck tire is underinflated can reduce fuel efficiency by 1%.

33

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Extra steps you can take:

• Minimize your trailer gap. If possible, move stationary fifth wheels forward, or add some rear stops on sliders.

Decrease your trailer gap (especially on box vans) for best fuel savings. Reducing trailer gap 10" can save up to 1% or more. The best gap is approximately 38” to 43".

• Evaluate electronic engine settings. Electronic settings are easily changed; settings that match your application can yield the best savings. Use optimum Road 


Speed Limits.

• Use Gear Down Protection. Your best fuel efficiency is in high gear, not one gear down.

Other factors that affect fuel efficiency:

• At any speed, the driver is the biggest contributor to MPG. After that, tires are the most important factor in mpg below 55 MPH; aerodynamics contributes most above 55 MPH.

• Above 55 MPH, each 2% reduction in aerodynamic drag results in approximately 1% improvement in fuel

efficiency.

• Fuel efficiency can increase up to 7% after tires are broken in (35,000–50,000 miles).

• Used lug drive tires can get up to 0.4 MPG better fuel efficiency than new lug tires.

• Ribbed tires on drive axles can get 2-4% better fuel efficiency than lug tires.

• Each 10 PSI that a truck tire is underinflated can reduce fuel efficiency by 1%.

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35

DRIVER

DEVELOPMENT

Cut your fuel costs

with effective

driver training.

The driver is the key to vehicle performance. That’s why effective driver training can pay off almost immediately. Tests show that drivers who adopt more fuel-efficient driving techniques can reduce fuel costs 5% or greater. Volvo driver development is designed to teach drivers what to do in any situation when the engine is running. Here are our top tips for driving, setting the engine 
 and using Volvo’s Performance Bonus Guide to 
 train your drivers.

Section 3

35

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Engine settings:

• Electronic settings available with every Volvo engine can be set to help the driver in specific—and often less

obvious—activities. Maximum Road Speed has a dramatic effect on fuel efficiency, and the Volvo Road Speed Limit— set for reasonable road speeds—helps many operators reduce fuel consumption.

• The Eco Road Speed Limit Control allows the truck to slow 2 mph on upgrades before responding to the throttle, for maximum power to maintain road speed. Volvo’s Gear Down Vehicle Speed Limiter encourages the driver to operate in top gear for maximum fuel efficiency.

Vehicle operation:

• Allow engine to lug down (shift between 1150 and 1500 rpm).

• Try to stay in top gear at least 85-90% of the time in normal highway driving.

• When approaching the crown of a hill or red light, release the accelerator and use the truck’s own momentum to save fuel.

Idle time:

• With an idle time of 10% of total engine hours, you’ll see a 1% fuel efficiency loss.

Speed:

• Slow down: an increase of 1 mph equals a loss of 0.1 mpg.

Terrain and routes:

• Steady (average) speed is better than many small up and down speed changes; each acceleration between 0 and 65 mph uses about ½ gallon of fuel or the equivalent of 4-5 minutes of typical highway driving.

• Stop/go/traffic accelerations have a HUGE impact.

• On a smooth, flat stretch of road, utilize cruise control to supply a more even amount of fuel.

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36

Engine settings:

• Electronic settings available with every Volvo engine can be set to help the driver in specific—and often less

obvious—activities. Maximum Road Speed has a dramatic effect on fuel efficiency, and the Volvo Road Speed Limit— set for reasonable road speeds—helps many operators reduce fuel consumption.

• The Eco Road Speed Limit Control allows the truck to slow 2 mph on upgrades before responding to the throttle, for maximum power to maintain road speed. Volvo’s Gear Down Vehicle Speed Limiter encourages the driver to operate in top gear for maximum fuel efficiency.

Vehicle operation:

• Allow engine to lug down (shift between 1150 and 1500 rpm).

• Try to stay in top gear at least 85-90% of the time in normal highway driving.

• When approaching the crown of a hill or red light, release the accelerator and use the truck’s own momentum to save fuel.

Idle time:

• With an idle time of 10% of total engine hours, you’ll see a 1% fuel efficiency loss.

Speed:

• Slow down: an increase of 1 mph equals a loss of 0.1 mpg.

Terrain and routes:

• Steady (average) speed is better than many small up and down speed changes; each acceleration between 0 and 65 mph uses about ½ gallon of fuel or the equivalent of 4-5 minutes of typical highway driving.

• Stop/go/traffic accelerations have a HUGE impact.

• On a smooth, flat stretch of road, utilize cruise control to supply a more even amount of fuel.

36

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Volvo’s Performance Bonus Guide

gives drivers immediate fuel

efficiency feedback.

The Performance Bonus Guide is a unique ride-along “coach” in the Volvo Driver Instrumentation Display that tells the driver how to operate the engine for best fuel efficiency. The Performance Bonus Guide is active over 25 mph, and includes the driver features described by the image on the right.next page. described on the

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37

Volvo’s Performance Bonus Guide

gives drivers immediate fuel

efficiency feedback.

The Performance Bonus Guide is a unique ride-along “coach” in the Volvo Driver Instrumentation Display that tells the driver how to operate the engine for best fuel efficiency. The Performance Bonus Guide is active over 25 mph, and includes the driver features described by the image on the right.

37

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smartway

certified

(54)

SMARTWAY

CERTIFIED SPECS

Getting more from every drop of fuel

makes sense for your fleet. And for

our planet.

Volvo manufactures EPA SmartWay-verified

technologies.

Volvo Trucks is proud to partner with the U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency to manufacture EPA SmartWay-verified technologies. This type of technology is found on our SmartWay Certified VN Tractors. Volvo has developed a comprehensive package of SmartWay components that deliver high fuel efficiency and low emissions.

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What makes a Volvo VN a Certified SmartWay

vehicle?

The EPA’s SmartWay program has strict requirements that each truck must meet to become a Certified SmartWay truck. Volvo starts with a sophisticated aerodynamic

design, honed through extensive computer simulation and wind tunnel testing. Then we add enhancements.

Aero bumper

Volvo’s aerodynamic bumper optimizes airflow around and under the vehicle, and has an optional extended drag

reduction plate to reduce turbulence behind the bumper for even better airflow.

Chassis fairing

The full-length chassis fairing reduces wind resistance over chassis-mounted components such as fuel tanks.

Aero mirrors

Even a small component can make a difference for wind resistance, so Volvo’s mirrors are smoothed and rounded to catch as little air as possible when traveling down the road.

Roof fairing

Moving the air smoothly from over the cab to over the trailer makes a huge difference. Our integrated cab high roof fairings bridge the gap, whether the cab has a flat, mid- or full-height roof. We even offer a patented adjustable fairing extension with a trim tab, so operators can precisely tailor their aerodynamics to their trailer, for up to a 1% increase in fuel efficiency.

Cab side extenders

Cab side extenders reduce the distance between the back of the cab and the front of the trailer, for a major

aerodynamic boost. Volvo’s extenders and optional

extended fairings feature a compound curve that matches the cab curve to the trailer. This allows the truck to pass the air to the trailer with minimum turbulence.

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What makes a Volvo VN a Certified SmartWay

vehicle?

The EPA’s SmartWay program has strict requirements that each truck must meet to become a Certified SmartWay truck. Volvo starts with a sophisticated aerodynamic

design, honed through extensive computer simulation and wind tunnel testing. Then we add enhancements.

Aero bumper

Volvo’s aerodynamic bumper optimizes airflow around and under the vehicle, and has an optional extended drag

reduction plate to reduce turbulence behind the bumper for even better airflow.

Chassis fairing

The full-length chassis fairing reduces wind resistance over chassis-mounted components such as fuel tanks.

Aero mirrors

Even a small component can make a difference for wind resistance, so Volvo’s mirrors are smoothed and rounded to catch as little air as possible when traveling down the road.

Roof fairing

Moving the air smoothly from over the cab to over the trailer makes a huge difference. Our integrated cab high roof fairings bridge the gap, whether the cab has a flat, mid- or full-height roof. We even offer a patented adjustable fairing extension with a trim tab, so operators can precisely tailor their aerodynamics to their trailer, for up to a 1% increase in fuel efficiency.

Cab side extenders

Cab side extenders reduce the distance between the back of the cab and the front of the trailer, for a major

aerodynamic boost. Volvo’s extenders and optional

extended fairings feature a compound curve that matches the cab curve to the trailer. This allows the truck to pass the air to the trailer with minimum turbulence.

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Lower emissions plus greater fuel efficiency.

That’s smart.

Low emissions are central to SmartWay goals, and Volvo’s D11, D13 and D16 SCR engines are certified to the

stringent EPA ’10 emissions requirements. Volvo SCR engines can deliver up to 5% better fuel efficiency than our previous generation of engines. So you get more from every drop.

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fuel

efficiency

down

the road

(59)

VOLVO LINK

Onboard monitoring to improve

efficiency and uptime.

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46

The more you know about your fleet, the more

efficiency you’ll gain.

Volvo Link supports a wide range of vehicle and fleet

management services that help you stay connected to your

trucks and drivers. Monitor and manage your fleet’s

productivity as you receive regular updates on vehicle

performance, track locations, manage fuel efficiency, and

more. Volvo Link hardware is standard equipment on all

new Volvo trucks, and can be retrofit into most trucks. With

affordable monthly service packages, Volvo Link brings the advantages of integrated vehicle communication to any

fleet operating anywhere in the United States and Canada.

Simple tracking for every truck in your fleet.

Data on your trucks can be accessed through any PC, which means you can easily check a truck’s location

and monitor the performance of both truck and driver. The services supported by Volvo Link are designed to help you manage exceptions, rather than

spend time with every truck in your fleet. With critical

information just a keystroke away, you can quickly zero in on vehicle performance issues that may be costing you money.

46

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PUTTING THESE

STRATEGIES TO WORK

Start saving money on every truck

in your fleet.

Volvo Trucks has a long history of fuel efficiency

innovation.

And since today’s fuel prices account for a large portion 


of your fleet’s total operating costs, we’re constantly 


pioneering new strategies to help you reduce 


fuel consumption.

These proven strategies for fuel efficiency will

help you get more out of every drop.

By saving fuel, you’ll save money. And you’ll do it truck after truck, mile after mile. Have questions or need more

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Get the FREE iBook

Learn more about efficient strategies for getting more out of every drop. With interactive product images, videos and driver tips, the Volvo Trucks iBook delivers in-depth information about Volvo’s commitment to fuel efficiency.

Download the

Volvo Trucks

iBook

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Volvo Trucks North America

PO Box 26115 Greensboro, NC 27402-6115

Volvo Trucks Canada

2100 Derry Road West, Suite 410 Mississauga, ON L5N 0B3

Volvo Trucks North America: Volvo Trucks Global:

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Volvo Trucks North America

PO Box 26115 Greensboro, NC 27402-6115

Volvo Trucks Canada

2100 Derry Road West, Suite 410 Mississauga, ON L5N 0B3

©2012 Volvo Group North America, LLC Some vehicles shown with optional equipment.

Volvo Trucks North America: Volvo Trucks Global:

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Volvo Trucks North America

PO Box 26115 Greensboro, NC 27402-6115

Volvo Trucks Canada

2100 Derry Road West, Suite 410 Mississauga, ON L5N 0B3

©2012 Volvo Group North America, LLC Some vehicles shown with optional equipment.

Volvo Trucks North America: Volvo Trucks Global:

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Volvo Trucks North America

PO Box 26115 Greensboro, NC 27402-6115

Volvo Trucks Canada

2100 Derry Road West, Suite 410 Mississauga, ON L5N 0B3

©2012 Volvo Group North America, LLC Some vehicles shown with optional equipment.

Volvo Trucks North America: Volvo Trucks Global:

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a Volvo Trucks North AmericaPO Box 26115

Greensboro, NC 27402-6115

Volvo Trucks Canada

2100 Derry Road West, Suite 410 Mississauga, ON L5N 0B3

Some vehicles shown with optional equipment.

Volvo Trucks North America: Volvo Trucks Global:

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Volvo Trucks North America

PO Box 26115 Greensboro, NC 27402-6115

Volvo Trucks Canada

2100 Derry Road West, Suite 410 Mississauga, ON L5N 0B3

©2012 Volvo Group North America, LLC Some vehicles shown with optional equipment.

Volvo Trucks North America: Volvo Trucks Global:

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Volvo Trucks North America

PO Box 26115 Greensboro, NC 27402-6115

Volvo Trucks Canada

2100 Derry Road West, Suite 410 Mississauga, ON L5N 0B3

©2012 Volvo Group North America, LLC Some vehicles shown with optional equipment.

Volvo Trucks North America: Volvo Trucks Global:

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a Volvo Trucks North AmericaPO Box 26115

Greensboro, NC 27402-6115

Volvo Trucks Canada

2100 Derry Road West, Suite 410 Mississauga, ON L5N 0B3

Some vehicles shown with optional equipment.

Volvo Trucks North America: Volvo Trucks Global:

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