Comprehensive Exam Reviewer

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LEGAL MEDICINE AND MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE COMPREHENSIVE EXAM REVIEWER

1. It is the dehydration of the whole body which result in the shivering and preservation of the body

a. Saponification b. Maceration c. Adipocere formation d. Mummification

2. Which of the following microorganism plays an important and dominant role in decomposition?

a. Bacillus mesentericus b. Clostridium welchii c. Bacillus proteus vulgaris d. Bacillus coli

3. A person was found dead inside a hotel room and in a state of rigor mortis. Which of the following is true of rigor mortis?

a. Muscles are relaxed b. Pupils are dilated

c. Developed 3-6 hours after death d. Urinary and fecal incontinence

4. Schourup’s formula for the determination of the time of death of any cadaver whose CSF is examined for the following, except

a. Amino acid b. Cholesterol c. Lactic acid

d. Non protein nitrogen

5. Mrs. Delos Reyes had a contractual relationship with Dr. delos Santos. In their relationship, Mrs. Delos Reyes asked Dr. delos Santos a prescription to cause abortion but the doctor refused. Mrs. Delos Reyes filed a civil case for breach of contract. The case was dismissed by the court on what ground?

a. There must be a consent of the contracting parties b. The contractual relation is based on mutual trust and

confidence

c. There must be a cause or consideration

d. The object of contract must be determinate, legal and not outside the commerce of man

6. A physician was called by the plaintiff to assist in the delivery of her child; the physician took with him a young unmarried man and was introduced as his friend. The patient thought the young man was a medical student or another physician. The patient filed an action against the attending physician for which of the following complaints?

a. Violation of her right to confidentiality b. Invasion of her right to privacy

c. Violation of her right to self-determination

d. Violation of her right to give consent to allow the young man in the delivery

7. A resident in a hospital is an invitee and as such he has ministerial and medical duties. Which of the following is a ministerial duty?

a. Placing an improperly capped hot water bottle on a patient’s body

b. Administering the wrong blood to the right patient c. Improperly administering a hypodermic injection

d. Failing to decide that sideboards should be used when needed and do not exist

8. A 19 y/o man was found lying, motionless, breathless along the road. Which of the following tests is used as method of detecting cessation of respiration?

a. Icard b. Magnus c. Winslow d. Diaphanous

9. In a party, Ernesto, a hypertensive patient asked the doctor guest what is best for HPN and the doctor answered amlodipine. Ernesto bought amlodipine and tried it on himself. After 3 doses, he developed severe headache and syncope. He filed a case against the doctor. The case was dismissed on what ground?

a. Ernesto did not pay the doctor

b. Ernesto probably did not follow instructions c. Ernesto has idiosyncratic or hypersensitivity reaction d. Ernesto and the doctor has no contractual relationship 10. Magnus test is done by which of the following procedures?

a. Place a fine feather or a strip of cotton in front of the lips and nostrils

b. Melted sealing wax is dropped on the breast of a person c. Injection of a solution of fluorescein subcutaneously

d. A ligature is applied around the base of a finger with moderate tightness

11. This is claimed to be specific feature of electrical injury a. Metallization

b. Flaky opacities of the lens c. Necrosis

d. Superficial carbonization

12. “Crocodile skin” appearance is seen in which of the following burns? a. Flash

b. Sunburn c. Contact d. Spark

13. Which of the following is a blistering gas? a. Yellow cross

b. Bromobenzyl cyanide c. Chlorine

d. Phosgene

14. Kunkel’s test is a qualitative test for the presence of a. Carbon monoxide

b. Carbon dioxide c. Hydrogen sulfide d. Hydrogen cyanide 15. Positive sign of pregnancy

a. Braxton-Hick’s sign b. Goodel’s sign c. Mayor’s sign d. Hegar’s sign

16. The following are most common ecbolics, except a. Ergot

b. Quinine c. Pituitary extracts d. Pennyroyal

17. Commonly known as “menstrual regulator” a. D and C

b. Use of emmonagogues c. Vacuum suction d. Use of ecbolics

18. The 1st instinct of the child after birth is

a. Defecation b. Sucking c. Restlessness d. Yawning

19. Methods of committing the crime of infanticide by commission, except a. Suffocation

b. Strangulation c. Starvation d. Drowning

20. Which of the following spurious children are conceived by prostitutes? a. Adulterous

b. Incestuous c. Sacrilegious d. Manceres

21. JJ Manaligod is a surgical intern at SLU-HSH caring for the patient. He is a

a. Trespasser b. Licensee c. Borrowed servant d. Invitee

22. Known as the “National Health Insurance Act of 1995” a. RA 1857

b. RA 7875 c. RA 7785 d. RA 1158

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23. Peter was apprehended by the police for reckless driving and was charged with alcoholic intoxication. Which of the following blood alcohol levels gives rise to the presumption that Peter is drunk?

a. 0.05% b. 0.05%-0.10% c. 0.10%-0.15% d. 0.20%

24. An ambulance was rushing to respond to emergency call. The driver runover a pedestrian. Which of the following is correct?

a. The driver has no right superior to those of the pedestrian in street intersection

b. The criminal liability of the ambulance driver is the same as an ordinary transport driver

c. The ambulance has the “right of way” and the police should give ample assistance

d. The hospital is not liable since the act was done by the driver 25. This is an abnormal mental condition whereby a person is performing an

act while in the state of natural sleep a. Somnolencia

b. Somnambulism c. Mesmerism d. Delirium

26. Which of the following is the most potent of all cannabis preparation? a. Hashish

b. Bhang c. Majun d. Ganja

27. The following are color test for opium and its derivative together with Amphetamine, except

a. Marquis test b. Zwikker’s test c. Dillie Koppanyl test d. Van Urk test

28. Which of the following wine is the product of fermentation of fruit juices only after removal of the skin and stem?

a. Red wine b. Still wine c. White wine d. Fortified wine

29. Which of the following laws prescribe the right and obligation of persons in their daily relations with each other and with society?

a. Adjective b. Procedural c. Remedial d. Substantive

30. The following are qualification of those to be accepted members of the Board of Medicine, except

a. He is a natural born citizen of the Philippines

b. He has been in the practice of medicine for at least 15 years c. He is duly registered physician in the Philippines

d. He is not a member of the faculty of any medical school 31. Which of the following is a rule of conduct, obligation, laid by legitimate

power for common observance and benefit a. Custom

b. Law

c. Jurisprudence d. Legal medicine

32. Which of the following is an evidence made known or addressed to the senses of the court?

a. Autoptic b. Testimonial c. Experimental d. Documentary

33. The following are physical evidences except a. Corpus delicti

b. Associative c. Tracing d. Deposition

34. The application of science such as physics, chemistry, medicine and other biological sciences in a crime detection and investigation is known as

a. Forensic medicine

b. Criminology c. Criminalistics d. Legal medicine

35. Which of the following wine is the bottle before fermentation has ceased to that it contains CO2 gas solution

a. Still wine b. Sparkling wine c. Fortified wine d. Dry wine

36. A 16 year old married man consented for tonsillectomy. After

administration of anesthesia, the patient developed severe reaction and became comatose. The parents sued the doctor and the hospital on the grounds that there was no valid consent by their son being a minor. Which of the following is a valid statement?

a. No need for parental consent because it is an emergency case b. The consent by the patient is valid though minor because he is

emancipated

c. Both the doctor and the hospital are liable for lack of informed consent

d. The anesthesiologist is liable because he did not ask consent for anesthesia

37. Mrs. Dela Cruz, mother of four, voluntarily underwent a surgical sterilization because she and her husband had more than the sufficient number of children and those additional children would aggravate her existing bladder and kidney condition. A tubal ligation was done but few months after the operation, Mrs. Dela Cruz became pregnant. Before the termination of pregnancy, the couple filed the suit for damages against the physician. The court allowed damages. Which of the following could be ground for allowing damages?

a. Lack of valid consent b. Professional negligence c. Failure to procedure sterility

d. Doctor did not seek approval from the bioethics committee of the hospital

38. Under which of the following theories or doctrine does a private hospitals for charity performs a quasi-public function?

a. Trust fund doctrine b. Implied waiver theory c. Public policy

d. Independent contract theory

39. Who may not participate as “providers” in the delivery of medical services in the Philippine Medical Care Plan?

a. Hospital duly accredited by the Commission b. Drugstore duly accredited by the Commission

c. A duly licensed doctor of medicine in the Phil who is an active member of good standing of the PMA

d. A duly licensed dentist in the Phil who is an active member of the PDA and accredited by PMCC

40. Which of the following types of abortion is criminal and punishable by law?

a. Intentional b. Post-term c. Spontaneous d. Therapeutic

41. Which of the following organs may be transplanted even several hours after removal from the donor and rejection is virtually non-existent?

a. Bone b. Heart c. Liver d. Kidney

42. The following are rights of a respondent physician in an administrative investigation in the Board of Medicine as provided by the Medical Act. Which statement is not correct? The respondent physician:

a. Testifies as a witness on his behalf

b. Should be entitled to confront and to cross-examine the witness against him

c. To have a speedy public hearing

d. Be represented by a counsel or be heard in person 43. In dental identification, the age may be reflected in dentition and a

person with twenty permanent teeth is how many years old? a. 11

b. 9 c. 13

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d. 10

44. The following are poisons which are exito-motor in action, except a. Brucine

b. Strychnine c. Camphor d. Thebaine

45. Dried flowering tops of the female plant, Cannabis sativa, with rusty green color and characteristic odor is mixed with tobacco and smoked in pipe. What s this special preparation of marijuana?

a. Bhang b. Reefers c. Hashish d. Ganja

46. The race of a living person may be presumed in the features of the face. A person with thick lips and prominent eyes is a

a. Mongolian b. Malayan c. Caucasian d. Negro

47. Under the Dangerous Drug Act, marijuana is classified as what type? a. Prohibited

b. Sedative c. Hypnotic d. Stimulant

48. In the ordinary method of human identification applicable to the living person the “facies” is one of the characteristics not easily changed. Which appearance is indicative of approaching death?

a. Facies leonine b. Mongolian facies c. Hippocratic facies d. Myxedemic facies

49. Where the head is free and mobile, a blow on the occiput may produce lacerated or confusion of the frontal lobe of the brain. This is what type of injury?

a. Direct b. Contre-coup c. Remote

d. Coup-contre-coup

50. Regarding the nature and requisites of the physician-patient relationship which of the following statement is not correct? It is

a. A guaranty of cure b. Contractual c. Consensual d. Fiduciary

51. Lightning causes expansion of the air on account of the super heated atmosphere resulting to laceration of the body surface, severe tearing of the clothing and displacements of parts of the body. Which of the following elements of lightning produces this effect?

a. Compression

b. Direct from the electrical charge c. Surface flash burns from the discharge d. Mechanical

52. When the body has been submerged in water and putrefactive changes show wrinkled skin, scrotum and penis distended with gas, nails and hair still intact with the lungs emphysematous and covering the heart, the time since death is how many weeks?

a. 2 b. 3 c. 4 d.6 53. Which of the following statement is not valid?

a. A woman may have an interrupted hymen and yet may no longer be a virgin

b. A woman may have a lacerated hymen and yet be a virgin c. A woman is still virgin as long as she has not given birth d. There are no conclusive medical findings to show that a woman

is physically virgin

54. Which of the following is not a local effect of radiation emitted by radioactive substance?

a. Endothelial necrosis and localized thrombosis in the blood vessels

b. Sweat glands lose their function and erector pili muscles are very much affected

c. Retardation of cell division

d. Causes sterility, abortion and stillbirths in female 55. Which of the following is not classified as psychological suicide?

a. A person puts his life in jeopardy by voluntary self-injury but the intention to die is low as the method is relatively harmless b. Self-destruction due to self-negligence

c. When it is impulsive and unplanned d. When it is done under great provocation

56. One of the grounds for revocation or suspension of a physician’s certificate of registration is refusal to attend to an emergency. He is not liable id

a. The case is not within his expertise b. Many physicians have refused to go

c. He is always liable of refusing to attend to an emergency d. In so doing, there is a risk in his life

57. Anemic anoxic death is due to decreased capacity of the blood to carry oxygen as in

a. Heart failure

b. Smothering and overlaying c. Drowning

d. CO poisoning

58. The following are duties of physician to the community. Which is not correct?

a. Enlighten the public on danger of communicable diseases and measures for that prevention and care especially during epidemics

b. During an epidemic, he may refuse to attend the needs of the sufferers if it will be risky to his life

c. Should cooperate in the enforcement of sanitary law and regulations

d. Every case of communicable disease under his care should be properly reported to authorities concerned

59. A natural child may be legitimated. Which of the following requisites is not correct?

a. There should be subsequent marriage of the parents b. Child must be acknowledge by the father

c. Child must be acknowledge by both parents before marriage d. Child must be natural

60. Permission to exhume a dead body, for autopsy in the case of legal investigation, shall be obtained and approved by the

a. Hospital director where the patient died b. Attending physician

c. Director of Health d. NBI

61. The following are practical uses of fingerprints, except a. Establish identities of dead bodies

b. Among illiterates, the right thumbprint is universally recognized as a substitute for signature on legal documents c. Prints on file are useful for comparative purposes

d. Prints recovered from crime scene associate person or weapon 62. Dr. X’s wife filed an administrative complaints before the PRC against her

husband who was living with a mistress and abandoned her and his 3 children. His acts are funds for revocation of his registration certificate and classified as

a. Personal disqualification b. Unethical conduct c. Unprofessional conduct d. Criminal act

63. Division of law which deals with the rules concerning pleadings, practices and procedures in all courts of the Philippines

a. Civil Law b. Remedial Law c. Criminal Law d. Special Law

64. The following are types of physical evidences, except a. Corpus delicti

b. Associative c. Testimonial d. Tracing

65. This drug is used as “truth serum” is not admissible in court a. Sodium amytal

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c. Ethyl alcohol

d. Hyoscine hydrobromide

66. Evidences obtained with the use of “truth serum” is not admissible in court because

a. The information is obtained under stress

b. The info given by the subject is not voluntary since he is under the influence of drug

c. The truth serum is still in the experimental stage d. The information is obtained through deceit 67. The law of Multiplicity of Evidence in identification states

a. The more number of body parts available, the better the identification of the person

b. The greater the number of similarities of 2 persons compared, the greater the probability for the conclusion to be correct c. The greater the dissimilarities of two persons compared, the

greater the chance for a correct conclusion d. The greater the number of points of similarities and

dissimilarities of 2 persons compared, the greater is the probability for the conclusion to be correct

68. Which of the following kinds of death is the state of the body in which there is complete, persistent and continuous cessation of vital functions of the brain, heart and lungs which maintains life and death

a. Apparent b. Clinical c. Cellular

d. State of suspended animation

69. Accumulation of blood in the most dependent portion of the dead body a. Suggilation

b. Ecchymosis c. Tete de negri d. Hematoma

70. Diaphanous test is used to determine whether a. Rape was committed

b. A person is dead

c. Death was due to poisoning d. Respiration stopped

71. This consists of injection of a solution of fluorescein simultaneously. If circulation is still present, the greenish-yellow dye will be spread all over the body. If the person is dead, it will remain only at the site of injection. This is the mechanism of

a. Magnus test b. Diaphanous test c. Bromberg’s test d. Icard’s test

72. Which of the following is last to stop after somatic death a. Respiration

b. Atrium c. Ventricles d. Brain 73. Cooling of the body

a. Algor mortis b. Rigor mortis c. Livor mortis d. Da mortis

74. Postmortem rigidity is also called, except a. Death stiffening

b. Death struggle of muscle c. Rigor mortis

d. Muscular irritability

75. The fingers are spread wide and the finger webs are viewed through a strong light. This test is called:

a. Icard-fluorescein dye b. Magnus

c. Winslow-mercury d. Diaphanous

76. Magnus test may be done by which of the following procedures? a. Place a fine feather or strip of cotton in front of the lips and

nostrils

b. Melted sealing wax is dropped on the breast of a person

c. Injection of a solution of fluorescein subcutaneously

d. A ligature is applied around the base of a finger with moderate tightness

77. Schourup’s formula for the determination o the time of death of any cadaver whose cerebro-spinal fluid is examined for the ff except

a. Amino acid b. Cholesterol c. Lactic acid

d. Non-protein nitrogen 78. True of rigor mortis

a. Muscles are relaxed b. Pupils are dilated

c. Develops 3 to 6 hours after death d. Urinary and fecal incontinence

79. Usually the whole body becomes stiff after how many hours after death a. 3

b. 6 c. 12 d. 24

80. The following conditions simulate rigor mortis except a. Heat stiffening

b. Algor mortis c. Cold stiffening d. Cadaveric spasm

81. It is the dehydration of the whole body which results in the shivering and preservation of the body

a. Saponification b. Maceration c. Adipocere formation d. Mummification

82. This term is used when an incurably ill person is allowed to die a natural death without the application of any operation or treatment procedure

a. Active euthanasia b. Passive euthanasia c. Orthonasia d. Dysthanasia

83. Psychological classification of suicide where there is deliberate, planned, premeditated, self murdered

a. First degree b. Second degree c. Third degree d. Justifiable suicide

84. Psychological classification of suicide where it is sometimes called “accidental suicide”

a. First degree b. Second degree c. Third degree d. Justifiable suicide

85. Physical injury found opposite of the application force a. Coup injury

b. Contre-coup injury c. Coup contre-coup injury d. Extensive injury

86. It is the unlawful and violent deprival of another of the use of a part of the body so as to render him less able in fighting either to defend himself or to annoy his adversary

a. Mutilation b. Mayhem c. Physical injury d. Treachery

87. A blow in the forehead which later causes periorbital hemorrhage due to linear fracture of the roof of the orbital fossa is an example of

a. Coup injury b. Contre-coup injury c. Fracture a la signature d. Locus minoris Resistencia

88. The crime of less serious physical injury is committed when the victim is incapacitated or requires medical attendance for a period of:

a. Less than 9 days b. From 9 to 20 days c. From 10 to 30 days d. More than 30 days

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89. A man in a course of a flight with another accidentally was kicked at the genital region causing laceration of the scrotum and consequently removal of the testis. The offender maybe liable for

a. Mutilation

b. Serious physical injury c. Frustrated homicide

d. Physical injuries in a tumultuous affray 90. The crime of mutilation is understood to mean

a. Inflicting physical injury

b. Rendering any part of the body useless c. Intentionally cutting off any part of the body

d. Accidentally depriving a person of any part of the body 91. Which of the following is an example of a high order explosive?

a. Gunpowder b. Trinitrobenzene c. Dynamite

d. Fulminate of mercury

92. Composed of positively charged helium, having a high linear energy transfer and with a poor penetrating power tat can be stopped by a sheet of paper

a. Alpha rays b. Beta rays c. Gamma rays d. Neutron rays

93. The most common constituent of primer are the following except a. Potassium chlorate

b. Antimony c. Barium d. Lead

94. The usual muzzle velocity of a military rifle is how many feet per second? a. 600

b. 1,200 c. 2,500 d. 3,000

95. Which of the following is a single self-loading weapon? a. Automatic pistol

b. Revolver c. Miniature rifle d. Shotgun

96. The free end bullet is flattened commonly used in target practices a. Conical

b. Hemispherical c. Wad-cutter d. Hollow point

97. Which of the following is true of gunshot wound exit? a. Edges are inverted

b. Smudging is absent c. Contact ring is present d. Smaller than the missile

98. Which of the following best describes soiling of the target rather than powder burns?

a. Smoke smudging; gunpowder tattooing

b. Gunpowder tattooing; burning of the margin wound c. Smoke smudging: burning of the margin wound

d. Smoke smudging: gunpowder tattooing and burning of the margin wound

99. A standard 12-gauge shotgun contains only how many shots? a. 3

b. 6 c. 9 d. 12

100. Which of the following is a test for the presence of primer components? a. Walker’s test

b. Paraffin test

c. Harrison and Gilroy’s test d. Gonzales’ test

101. Which of the following is not a characteristic of criminal cases? a. Defendant is entitled to an acquittal unless his guilt is shown

beyond reasonable doubt

b. If a physician is found criminally liable the penalty imposed is imprisonment and/or fie and revocation of his registration certificate

c. In a verdict of acquittal, the plaintiff may appeal d. Party plaintiff is “Republic of the Philippines”

102. Cause of action for damages of injury sustained may be based on a breach of contract. Which is correct?

a. The issue is the negligence of the doctor

b. Rule of damage is the same as that of a malpractice case c. The expert testimony of a physician is not necessary d. A doctor who makes a contract to effect a cure and used the

highest possible skill is not liable if he fails

103. When a surgeon operates on a patient without consent, this constitutes an assault and even without injury resulting, the plaintiff may recover what type of damages?

a. Nominal b. Moderate c. Exemplary d. Liquidated

104. “Due Care” is that degree of care exercised by a physician. Which is not correct? It is a care that

a. Need not be extraordinary but calls for a degree of vigilance and prudence

b. Which most skilled in the profession show c. Which the special nature of the work

d. Which will be done by other physicians in a similar case under a similar condition

105. The doctrine of res ipsa loquitor and common knowledge doctrine are used interchangeably. Technically, the main difference between the two are the following except

a. In res ipsa loquitor there is an obvious need of evidence as to both standard of care and the specific act

b. In common knowledge, the patient must prove the causative act

c. In res ipsa loquitor there is no need for an expert medical witness

d. On common knowledge, there is need for an expert medical testimony to establish standard care

106. Defensive medicine means any act or omission of a physician primarily to avoid malpractice liability. In which case may a physician not be liable?

a. Orders additional diagnostic treatment normally considered unnecessary

b. Hospitalization of a minor procedure as series complication may occur if done in a clinic

c. Avoids performance of hazardous procedure which is essential for the patient to recover

d. Undertaking a hazardous procedure which has no medical justification

107. Damage may be awarded to the following, except

a. Husband for a loss of services and security of the injured wife b. Patient who suffered the injury and must be the plaintiff in the

civil action in court

c. Woman who suffered shortening of the vagina due to negligence of the physician

d. Parents of injured patient is a minor for temporary loss of service

108. Compensatory damages are applied to medical malpractice resulting to death. Indemnity is based on the minimum value of life and other reasons as the following except

a. Amount of damages for death should not be less than minimum value of human life inspite of presence of some mitigating circumstances

b. A recipient not a heir may demand support for a period not to exceed ten years

c. Loss of earning capacity of the deceased, unless before death did not earn due to permanent physical disability not caused by the defendant

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d. Moral damages for mental anguish can be demanded by the spouse legitimate and illegitimate descendants and ascendants 109. The following are characteristics of scalding except

a. Singeing of hair is absent b. Clothings are involved

c. Caused by application of moist heat d. Boundary distinct

110. Which of the following facies is characterized by almond eyes, pale complexion, prominence of the check bones?

a. Hippocratic facies b. Mongolian facies c. Leonine facies d. Myxedemic facies

111. The study and utilization of fingerprint is a. Graphology

b. Dactylography c. Dactyloscopy d. Bibliotics 112. True of females except

a. Hips are broader in relation to shoulders b. Pubic hair straight

c. Thighs conical

d. Trunk abdomninal segment smaller

113. Cyanide and alcohol poisoning is an example of which of the following types of asphyxia death?

a. Anoxic b. Anemic c. Stagnant anoxic d. Histotoxic anoxic

114. Amount of tension (in lbs) in the ligature sufficient to occlude the trachea

a. 4.4 lbs b. 11 lbs c. 33 lbs d. 66 lbs

115. Which of the following is the most common accidental smothering in children?

a. Gagging b. Overlaying

c. Plastic bag suffocation d. Mugging

116. Jesus Christ died of which of the following a. Crucifixion

b. Dehydration and hemorrhage c. Hemorrhage

d. Traumatic asphyxia

117. Which of the following gases is also known as the “silent kiler” a. Carbon dioxide

b. Hydrogen sulfide c. Carbon monoxide d. Hydrogen cyanide

118. Parent who actually hates his or her child and callously and deliberately beast and miscares for it, is what type of child abuse?

a. Intermittent b. One-time c. Constant d. Ignorant

119. Which of the following is an indigent of element of forcible abduction? a. Under 12 y/o

b. Woman is of good reputation c. Victim is single or widow d. ages 12-18 120. Virginity is not an element in which of the following?

a. Incestuous qualified seduction b. Ordinary qualified seduction c. Consented abduction d. NOTA

121. To the spermatic stain on the glass, picric acid is added a. Berberio’s test

b. Florence test

c. Puramen test d. Acid phosphatase test

122. Which of the following is a positive sign of pregnancy? a. Braxton-Hick’s

b. Goodel’s sign c. Mayor’s sign d. Hegar’s sign

123. Which of the following penalties shall be imposed upon a woman who shall practice an abortion upon herself or shall consent that person shall do so

a. Prision mayor b. Destierro

c. Prison correctional it its medium and maximum period d. Prison correctional in its minimum and medium period 124. Which of the following is a direct emmenagogues

a. Ergot b. Castor oil c. Strychnine d. Iron

125. Which of the following tests determine whether respiration took place on a newborn child before death shows changes in the middle ear

a. Fodere’s test b. Castor oil

c. Breslause’s second life test d. Wredin’s test

126. With the IQ between 0-20 the individual is said to be a. Moron

b. Imbecile c. Idiot

d. Feeble-minded

127. Cocaine is an alkaloid from the leaves of the cultivated coca shrub. Which of the following is not correct?

a. Coca leaf is chewed for its stimulating effects and also for depressing appetite

b. Tolerance to drug is slow

c. It stimulates the parasympathetic system causing increased pulse rate and dilatation of pupils

d. Dependence tends to be psychological rather than physical 128. Continuous and excessive use of amphetamine may lead to the

development of the following possible complications except

a. Widespread hemorrhagic and rapid development of myocardial fiber necrosis

b. Develops syndromes resembling heat stroke c. Greater sexual enjoyment while high d. Psychosis and other permanent brain damage

129. Which of the following is the most widely accepted but quite impractical way to determine the concentration of alcohol in the dead body? The examination of the

a. Saliva b. Urine c. Breath d. d. blood

130. Which of the following statements is not correct regarding the scope of the consent of the patient to treatment procedure?

a. A blanket consent is not illegal if performed within the normal dictates of surgery

b. A physician must respect and comply with limitation imposed in the consent otherwise, he will be liable for breach of legal duty c. A consent with the inclusion “to do alternative surgery”

relieves the physician of liability at all times

d. A non-liability clause is the consent which relieves the physician of liability for the inherent risk of dangerous procedures if the patient had full knowledge of what is going to be done 131. Recently, there has been an increasing volume of complaints against

physicians. Which of the following factors is the participating cause of majority of malpractice actions?

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b. Incompetence of the practitioner and commercialization of medical practice

c. ”Doctor’s loose talks” as criticisms of a physician with regards to treatment given by another physician

d. Breakdown in communication and rapport between the physician and his patient

132. A physician diagnosed and treated a patient as suffering from syphilis. Doing a simulated laboratory examination he reported the results of the test positive when in fact it was negative. His acts are grounds for revocation of his registration certificate and classified as

a. Unprofessional conduct b. Unethical conduct c. Personal disqualification d. Criminal acts

133. Dr. Juan dela Cruz acted as a dummy for Dr. Jose Delos Santos who failed to pass the board examination for physicians three times, to practice medicine. The acts of Dr. dela Cruz are grounds for suspension or revocation of his certificate of registration based on what

classification? a. Criminal acts

b. Unprofessional conduct c. Personal disqualification d. Unethical conduct

134. As provided in Sec 24 of the Medical Act of 1959, as amended, on grounds for reprimand, suspension, or revocation of registration certificate is convicted by a court of competent jurisdiction of any criminal offense involving moral turpitude. Which statement is not correct?

a. Even if the physician pleaded guilty of the crime charge, if the court had not made its judgment the license to practice cannot be suspended or revoked

b. It is necessary that the crime committed was in connection with the practice of medicine

c. A physician convicted of a crime and met the punishment will be suspended of his right to practice medicine

135. The following are the basic principles in human transplantation except a. Human body tries to reject transplanted tissue soon after

transplantation

b. Human body regards transplanted tissue as foreign bodies c. The lesser the genetic difference donor and recipient, the more

rapid and vigorous the rejection reaction

d. Probability of success depends on type of tissue or organ and rapidity of its removal after cessation of circulation of the donor

136. The consent of the husband is not necessary when the wife consented for an operation. Which of the following statements is not valid?

a. A married woman, twenty one years of age or over is qualified for all acts of civil life except in cases specified in law b. A wife who is in complete possession of her mental faculty is

entitled to determine whether she shall submit to an operation on herself

c. The wife has the legal capacity to have contractual relationship with her surgeon

d. Under the “right of consortium”, it is a must and necessary to have the consent of the husband for the operation of the wife 137. Who among the following is the first forensic pathologist?

a. Paulis Zacchia b. Orfila c. Imhotep d. Antistus

138. One megaton of atomic bomb exploded in air can cause fire up to a. 2 miles radius

b. 5 miles radius c. 10 miles radius d. 20 miles radius

139. The free end of the bullet is flattened commonly used in target practices

a. Conical b. Hemispherical c. Wad cutter d. Hollow point

140. Which of the following special bullets is made of steel with copper coating (jacket)

a. Tracer b. Plastic c. Armour piercing d. Soft point

141. “Billiard Ball Ricochette Effect” is associated with shot from a. Pistol

b. Automatic rifle c. Revolver d. Shotgun\

142. A defendant was accused of rape confessed that he had carnal intercourse with the complainant at the time and place mentioned. The defendant made a:

a. Involuntary confession b. Admission

c. Voluntary confession d. Extra-judicial confession

143. When blood exposed to the atmosphere, its hemoglobin is converted to hematin. Which statement is not correct?

a. Blood of 1 week and that of six weeks may not present difference in physical and chemical properties b. In warm weather, it takes within 24 hours c. Color is changed from red to scarlet

d. Presence of acid accelerates formation of hematin

144. One method to approximate height of the cadaver with the extremities missing is to measure

a. Length of the head times eight

b. Distance from the base of the skull to the coccyx which is 55% of the height

c. Distance between the suprasternal notch and the pubic symphisis which is one half of the height

d. Length of the vertex of the skull to the pubic symphisis times 3 145. In the differentiation and investigation of the crime scene, a scientific

investigation of the gait pattern may be useful. Which is not correct? a. Gait line is more or less in zigzag fashion especially when the

legs are far apart

b. Stout persons have a more zigzag gait line

c. There may be a difference in the foot line of the left and right foot

d. Foot angle which is very characteristic of a person can never be altered

146. At what stage after death are the pupils dilated and sphincter relaxed with incontinence of urination and defecation?

a. Postmortem rigidity b. Death struggle c. Secondary flaccidity

d. Post mortem muscular irritability

147. The following are to be done in performing autopsies and post-mortem examination except

a. External and internal examination is done in autopsy b. External examination without incision in post mortem

examination

c. Removal of tissues for further examination in autopsy d. Blood and other fluid should not be collected for examination

during post mortem examination 148. Which of the following statement is valid?

a. Any licensed medical practitioner may legally perform an autopsy

b. All patients who died in a government training hospital must be autopsied

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c. A no-official autopsy can be performed without the consent of the next of kin

d. Consent of the next of kin to perform medico-legal autopsy is not necessary

149. A father who killed the seducer of her daughter shall not be entitled to the benefits of article 247 Revised Penal Code, a penalty of destierro under what condition?

a. Promotes the prostitution of his daughter

b. Killing was done immediately after the sexual intercourse c. Daughter is living with the parents

d. Daughter is below 18 years of age

150. The following post mortem finding is found in death due to coma but not due to asphyxia

a. Abdominal viscera congested b. Tardieu spots in the pleura c. Marked post mortem lividity

d. Congestion of the brain and spinal cord

151. In starvation, the following factors influence the length of survival of human body except

a. Children suffer earlier than older people

b. Men can withstand starvation longer than women c. Exposure to higher temperature will accelerate death d. A healthy person can resist more deprival of food 152. Which of the following arguments is against death penalty?

a. It is reformative

b. Capital punishment has deterrent effect c. It is an irreversible punishment

d. Capital punishment does not diminish the certainty of punishment

153. If the body s exhumed for the purpose of performing post-mortem examination, which of the following is not correct?

a. After the body has been in disinterred, it must be identified by the relatives or friends

b. A deodorant and disinfectant must be applied to the body to allow those performing the examination to be more comfortable and safe

c. The body may be identified by marks on it

d. Physician must describe the coffin, clothing and degree of decomposition before stating the actual disease or violence in his report

154. The partial or complete disruption in the continuity of a muscular or ligamentous support of a joint is called?

a. Sublaxation b. Fracture c. Strain d. Sprain

155. A type of abrasion usually observed in hanging or strangulation is a. Graze

b. Impact c. Friction d. Scratch

156. When is there lesser capacity of wounds to heal/ regenerate? a. Affected tissue is not highly specialized

b. Surface epithelium of the skin is affected c. In a child compared to an elderly d. Smooth muscles are affected

157. In the approximation of the length of survival of the victim after receipt of the physician injury, which factors to be considered is not correct

a. Signs of repair of the wound in one to two days after infliction of injury

b. Age of blood stain from the physical change of the skin is not reliable

c. May be approximated from the system changes in the body d. All of the above

158. The distinction between ante-mortem and post-mortem wound is that in the former

a. Staining of edges and cellular tissue can be removed by washing

b. Blood is not clotted c. Hemorrhage is venous

d. Edges gape owing to the reaction of the skin and muscle fibers 159. In neck injuries, which is not correct?

a. Severance of the recurrent laryngeal nerve causes Aphonia b. Wounds of the esophagus is usually accompanied by wounds

of the trachea and large vessels of the neck

c. Severe trauma applied to the neck causes rupture of the muscle and severance of the nerve

d. Wounds of the esophagus are common

160. The trigger is a part of the firearm which causes firing mechanism. Based on trigger mechanism, when pressure applied on the trigger will both cock and fire the firearm by release of the hammer. To what classification of the firearm does belong?

a. Single action b. Double action c. Automatic d. Single shot

161. Powder grains are the unburned, burning and partially burned powder together with the graphite coming of the muzzle. Which is correct?

a. Heavier than smoke and leaves the barrel slowly

b. It is responsible for the tattooing seen in gunshot wound of entrance

c. As the distance of the gun muzzle to the target increases, area of the destruction and density of tattooing decreases d. Presence of stippling may be seen around the wound of

entrance up to a distance of 50 inches

162. Heat cramps is the involuntary spasmodic painful contraction of muscles and is essentially due to?

a. Heat and precipitated by muscular exertion and warm clothing b. Ill-ventilated places with dry high temperature

c. Excessive heat due to direct exposure of the sun d. Dehydration and excessive loss of chloride by sweating

163. The primary cause of death due to cold is/are

a. Decreased dissociation of oxygen from hemoglobin in the RBC and diminisihed power of tissue to utilize oxygen

b. Vascular dilatation with paralysis and increased capillary permeability

c. Vascular spasm which result to edema of the skin surface d. All of the above

164. The release of gases from the body fluid at a high altitude with lower atmospheric pressure will cause a condition called “chokes” which is a. The doubling of the size of hollow viscus like the stomach b. Substernal distress and respiratory distress

c. Pain in the joints and muscles due to air bubbles d. Accumulation of bubbles under the skin observed as

crepitation

165. Mugging belongs to what classification of asphyxia? a. Hanging

b. Anemic anoxic c. Strangulation d. Traumatic crash

166. What type of asphyxia death with the failure of the arterial blood to become normally saturated with oxygen?

a. Stagnant anoxic b. Anemic anoxic c. Anoxic

d. Histotoxic anoxic

167. When car is running with high velocity before the impact, the car may be “accordioned” causing severe chest, neck, and facial injury. This condition occurs in what type of automobile crash?

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b. Front impact c. Rear impact d. Side impact

168. A woman died if peritonitis as a result of having been infected with a venereal disease by a man having a sexual intercourse with her against her will. The offender is guilty of rape with

a. Malicious infection b. Aggravated assault c. Physical injury d. Homicide

169. When a fetus has an approximate length of 13 cm, weighs 204 grams, sex can be distinguished and skull partly ossified with wide sutures and fontanelle, what is the age of pregnancy in months?

a. 6th

b. 3rd

c. 5th

d. 4th

170. The penalty for any person who shall intentionally cause an abortion if the woman shall have consent is

a. Reclusion temporal b. Prison mayor c. Arresto mayor

d. Prision correccional, medium and maximum

171. It is not possible to determine the exact length of time a child has lived after birth. The following points may give an appropriate idea except

a. Caput succedaneum in a child born with head presentation lasts up to the second day

b. The umbilical artery begins to contract at about ten hours after birth

c. Exfoliation of the skin in the abdomen occurs in the first three days of life

d. Body of a newborn child is bright red in color and covered with Vernix caseosa up to two days

172. A physician is diagnosed and treated a patient as suffering from syphilis. Doing a stimulated laboratory examination he reported the result of test as positive when in fact it was negative. His acts are grounds for revocation of his registration certificate and classified as

a. Unprofessional conduct b. Unethical conduct c. Personal disqualification d. Criminal acts

173. Which of the following is not a characteristic of criminal cases? a. Defendant is entitled to an acquittal unless his guilt is shown

beyond a reasonable doubt

b. The physician is criminally liable the penalty imposed is imprisonment and/or fine and revocation of his license c. In a verdict of acquittal, the plaintiff may appeal d. Party plaintiff is “Republic of Philippines”

174. Cause action for damages for injury sustained may be based on a breach of contract. Which is correct?

a. The tissue is the negligence of the doctor

b. Rule of damages is the same as that of malpractice case c. The expert testimony of a physician is not necessary d. A doctor who makes a contract to effect a cure and uses the

highest possible professional skill is not liable if he fails 175. In which of the following instances is the doctrine of common

knowledge not applicable

a. In spite of careful examination the physician made an honest error of judgment

b. When accepted method of medical treatment involves hazards which produced injuries in spite of care exercised by a physician c. The management procedure resulted badly to the expected d. All of the above

176. The doctrine of res ipsa loquitur and common knowledge doctrine are used interchangeably, technically, the main difference between the two are the following except

a. In res ipsa loquitur, there is an obvious need for evidence as to both the standard care and specific act

b. In common knowledge, the patient must prove the causative act

c. In res ipsa loquitur, there is not need of an expert witness d. In common knowledge, there is need for an expert medical

testimony to establish standard care

177. Defensive medicine means any act or omissions of a physician primarily to avoid malpractice liability. In which instance may a physician not liable

a. Order additional diagnostic treatment normally considered unnecessary

b. Hospitalization for a minor procedure as serious complications may occur id done in a clinic

c. Avoid performance of hazardous procedure which is essential for patients to recover

d. Undertaking a hazardous procedure which has no medical justification.

178. The hospital may be liable for the acts of which of the following nurses found in a training hospital

a. OR nurse assisting a private surgeon b. Student nurse

c. Ward staff nurse d. Special duty nurse

179. An invitee is one of the persons coming within the premises of a hospital. Which is not correct?

a. A patient entering premises where he has been warned not to enter is an invitee

b. Hospital is required to make the premises safe fro invitees c. A hospital is liable if an invitee sustained an injury due to

improper upkeep ground

d. A private nurse hired by a patient is an invitee

180. A patient lost the function of his right leg after the physician assisted by a resident physician was not successful in his attempt to remove a pin fragment from the patient’s right hip because his surgical procedure was not in accordance with the sound orthopedic practice. Who is liable?

a. Hospital

b. Physician and hospital c. Hospital and resident d. Physician

181. The pharmacist must take into possession of the prescriptions of all kinds of drugs after delivery of the medicine. Which is not correct?

a. If a patient insists for a copy, he may give him a duplicate or Xerox copy

b. The prescription is the property of the hospital who employed the pharmacist

c. Pharmacist has no right to retain the prescription if no medicine has been delivered

d. He has absolute right to retain the prescription as part of his business record

182. When a surgeon operates on a patient without consent, this constitutes an assault and even without proof of injury resulting, the plaintiff may recover what type of damage?

a. Nominal b. Moderate c. Exemplary d. Liquidated

183. The following are the basic principles in human transplantation except a. Human body tries to reject transplanted tissue soon after

transplantation

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c. The lesser the genetic difference between donor and recipient, the more rapid and vigorous the rejection reaction

d. Probability of success depends on the type of tissue or organ and rapidity of its removal after cessation of circulation of the donor

184. Whorls is a type of fingerprint pattern with two deltas and patterns too irregular in form. Which of the following classification is rare and often with more than two deltas?

a. Accidentals b. Simple whorls c. Central pocket loop d. Lateral pocket loop

185. Heat stiffening is one of the conditions simulating rigor mortis. Which statement is not correct?

a. If the dead body is exposed to temperature above 90 C, muscle proteins coagulate causing muscles to be rigid

b. Because the flexor muscles are stronger than the extensors, the body assumes the “pugilistic attitude”

c. Commonly observed when the body is placed in boiling fluids d. Heat stiffening is more or less permanent and is not easily

affected by putrefaction

186. Which of the following types of asphyxial death is classified as anoxic death?

a. Traumatic crash asphyxia b. Shock

c. Carbon monoxide poisoning d. Cyanide poisoning

187. Under what classification of mental deficiency would a person who is wanting in memory, will power and emotion and with mentality that never exceeds that of a normal child over two years old, with an IQ between 0-20 fall?

a. Imbecile b. Idiot c. Moron d. Feeble minded

188. Which of the following requisites must be present in order that impotency may be a ground for the annulment of marriage?

a. Impotency remedied by surgical interventions b. Impotency not present at time of marriage

c. One party is aware of the existing impotency of the other party d. Impotency must be absolute

189. The doctrine which will bar a patient from recovering damages because ha assents to the risk of injury is

a. Sole responsibility b. Assumption of risk c. Contributory negligence d. Continuing negligence

190. Which of the following is not a cause of death in judicial hanging? a. Cerebral anemia which results to an inhibition of the vital

centers of the brain

b. Partial or complete severance of the spinal cord c. Traumatic asphyxia

d. Dislocation of fracture of the upper cervical vertebra 191. The most prominent sign of death is

a. Progressive fall of body temperature b. Cessation of heart action and circulation c. Cessation of respiration

d. Insensibility of the body and loss of power to move 192. Hypotension will cause release of gases from the body fluids and may

result in doubling on the size of a hollow viscus. This effect is called a. Substernal emphysema

b. Trapped gas c. Chokes d. Bends

193. The testimony of an expert witness is not needed to prove negligent act when which doctrine is applicable

a. Res ipsa loquitur b. Borrowed servant c. Ostensible agent d. Contributory negligence

194. At the time of cholecystectomy, a broken needle was left in the abdomen. A suit of malpractice may be instituted based on the doctrine of

a. Assumption of risk b. Foreseeability c. Res ipsa loquitur d. Captain of the ship

195. Which is not a medical indication for artificial insemination with a source from a donor other than the husband

a. Azoospermia

b. For eugenic reason as the husband has a hereditary disease c. Infertility due to defective sperm cell

d. Oligospermia

196. The following are different types of physical evidence, except a. Corpus delicti

b. Documentary c. Associative d. Tracing

197. What is the liability of a physician who performs a medico-legal post-mortem examination without authorization issued by the inquest officer

a. No liability under common law b. Civilly and criminally liable c. Civilly liable

d. Criminally liable

198. Which of the following will not produce asphyxia death by smothering a. Plastic bag suffocation

b. Gagging c. Mugging d. Overlaying

199. One of the signs of death is the change in and about the eye. Which ophthalmoscopic finding is not correct

a. Pale optic disc like in optic atrophy

b. Retinal vessels are segmented without blood flow c. Remaining portion of fundus may have a blue tinge d. Pale retina

200. The manner of death explains how the cause of death arose. Which statement is NOT correct?

a. Natural death is caused solely by disease

b. Violent death can be determined whether it is suicidal, accidental, or homicidal in post-mortem examination

c. Does not include that manner of death is suicidal, accidental, or homicidal

d. Unnatural death is due to injury of any sort

201. Which of the following kinds of impression is not produced by chance? a. Impression made by fingers smeared with some colored

substance like black ink

b. Prints not visible after impression but made visible by addition of some substance

c. Impression of the finger bulbs with the use of printing ink on the surface of the paper

d. Impression made by pressing finger tips on melted paraffin soap or plastic tape

202. One of the probable signs of pregnancy is the presence of rhythmical contraction and relaxation of the uterus but may also be given by a fibroid uterus. This is called

a. Hegar’s sign b. Braxton-Hick’s sign c. MacDonald’s sign d. Jacquemin-Chadwick sign

203. Communications made by physician which is not actionable even if the physician acted in bad faith is what type of privileged communication

(11)

a. Conditional b. Absolute c. Unconditional d. Qualified

204. Juan was suffering from tuberculosis, has a quarrel with Pedro who gave the former first blows in the hypochondriac region causing bruising of the liver followed by internal hemorrhage and death. Pedro is liable for

a. Homicide b. Not liable c. Murder

d. Serious physical injury

205. Which is not a post-mortem finding in heat stroke? a. Marked lividity

b. Pugilistic position

c. Congestion of the internal organs

d. Petechial hemorrhages in the brain and heart

206. In doing post-mortem examination of the dead body, which of the following belongs to the external examination

a. Identity of the body b. Examination of the clothing

c. Determination of the position and approximate time of death d. Examination of the crime scene

207. A wound which is a result of a person’s indistinctive reaction of self-protection is what special type of wound

a. Defense b. Self-inflicted c. Offensive d. Patterned

208. After death, the factor connected with the body that accelerates the rate of cooling is

a. Obesity of the person b. Acute pyrexial disease c. Death of the middle aged

d. Chronic pyrexial disease associated with wasting

209. Punch drunkenness, a delayed sequelae of intracranial damage in boxing is characterized by

a. Rapid, involuntary clumsy movement that may be a mixture of unrelated or conflicting cortical automatism

b. Slurred speech, slow clumsy movements, unsteadiness of gait, tremor, progressive dementia, and symptoms of progressive ventricular dilatation

c. Absence of unconscious movements, as swinging of the arms during walking, facial expression related to the emotional content of speech and multiple gestures

d. Passive action of an extremity that meets with a plastic-dead-feeling resistance likened to bending a lead pipe

210. When the oxygen is delivered to the tissues but cannot be utilized properly due to a failure of oxidative process is called

a. Anoxic death

b. Histotoxic anoxic death c. Anemic anoxic death d. Stagnant anoxic death

211. A six year old child was subjected to tonsillectomy and in the course of operation the surgeon accidentally removed the uvula. The child allegedly suffered from permanent loss of taste and changes in the tone of voice. The surgeon was

a. Civilly and criminally liable b. Not liable

c. Civilly liable d. Criminally liable

212. Which of the following doctrines does not fall under the doctrine of imputed negligence

a. Common knowledge b. Borrowed servant c. Captain of the ship d. Ostensible agent

213. A surgeon had an agreement with the patient to perform a surgery but played only a minor role in the operation as surgery was done by another surgeon. He may be held liable for

a. Kangaroo practice b. Negligence c. Criminally liable

d. Breach of contract

214. An unwanted child is one of the causes of child abuse or neglect. Which is not correct?

a. Child placed in the middle of emotional triangle of couple b. Child allegedly giving bad luck to family

c. Child born of unmarried woman d. Wife committed adultery

215. The following are examples of tracing evidences except a. Aircraft or ship manifest

b. Physicians clinical record c. Wearing apparel of the offender

d. Blood stain recovered from the area traversed by the wounded suspect

216. Stolen motor vehicle identified by plate number and by body or engine serial number is an example of which of the following evidences?

a. Tracing b. Associative c. Corpus delicti d. Documentary

217. The following are devices which record the psycho-physiological response except?

a. Lie detector machine b. Word association test c. Narcosynthesis

d. Physiological stress evaluation

218. Which of the following makes use of the drug that try to “inhibit the inhibitor”?

a. Use of polygraph b. Narcoanalysis c. Hypnotism d. Confession

219. Which of the following are drugs used to “inhibit the inhibitor”? a. Sodium penthotal

b. Diazepam

c. Hyoscine hydrobromide d. Sodium amytal

220. Which of the following is known to some as “boxer’s hemorrhage”? a. Subdural hemorrhage

b. Pontine hemorrhage c. Intracerebral hemorrhage

221. Children born of void marriage or those born of voidable marriages after the decree of annulment

a. Natural children (proper) b. Natural children of legal fiction c. Natural children of presumption d. Illegitimate children

222. Artificial donor insemination with the consent of the husband but without the consent of the wife may result in

a. Charges of rape against the physician

b. Action for divorce against the husband based on assault c. A paternity suit against the donor

d. Criminal assault against the physician

223. The following are causes of non-consummation of the sexual act, except a. Imperforate hymen

b. Tight thick hymen c. Fear of pregnancy d. Ignorance of sex technique

224. The following are common complaints after marital union except a. Male sex inadequacies

b. Lack of privacy

c. Husband’s preferred perversion d. Less frequent pregnancy

225. False sensory perception occurring midway between falling asleep and being awake

(12)

b. Illusion c. Lilliputian d. Kinesthetic

226. Rigor mortis in the tropical countries lasts on the average for about ________ during cold weather

a. 24 hours only b. 24 to 48 hours c. 48 to 72 hours d. 12 hours

227. After death, which of the following organs putrefies late? a. Brain

b. Lungs c. Liver d. Spleen

228. Which of the following is a single self-loading weapon? a. Automatic pistol

b. Revolver c. Miniature rifle d. Shotgun

229. The following are true or valid statements, except

a. The bullet wound on the chest wall usually has an upward course

b. Wound of the auricle is more rapidly fatal

c. Injury of the cerebral hemisphere is as a rule immediately fatal d. Bullet wound in the brain substance is usually rugged tunnel

with a diameter larger than the caliber of the bullet 230. The following are the same as Paraffin test, except

a. Dermal nitrate test b. Lung’s test c. Diphenylamine test d. Walker’s test

231. Formation of blackish-brown sloughs is a characteristic lesion produced by

a. Sulphuric acid b. Nitric acid c. Potash

d. Hydrochloric acid

232. This is claimed to be a specific feature of electrical injury a. Metallization

b. Flaky opacities of the lens c. Electrical injuries d. Superficial carbonization

233. A gait in which the foot is raised high, thrown forward and brought down suddenly and is seen in person suffering from tabes dorsalis

a. Cow’s gait b. Ataxic gait c. Festinating gait d. Waddling gait

234. In the examination of a stain, Takayama test makes use which of the following reagents?

a. Phenolphthalein b. Benzidrine c. Hemochromagen d. Guaiacum

235. Which of the following is a blistering gas? a. Yellow cross

b. Bromobenzyl cyanide c. Chlorine

d. Phosgene

236. Kunkel’s test is a qualitative test for the presence of a. Carbon monoxide

b. Carbon dioxide c. Hydrogen sulfide d. Hydrogen cyanide

237. These parents often have personally disorders and are coolly indifferent to the destructive nature of their action

a. Intermittent child abuser b. One-time child abuser c. Constant child abuser d. Ignorant abuser

238. The outline of the breast consists of two converging lines which meet at the region of the nipple

a. Hemispherical breast b. Conical breast c. Infantile breast d. Pendulous breast 239. Hymenal opening is like a star

a. Annular b. Septate c. Cribriform d. Stellate

240. The umbilical cord falls at what time after delivery? a. 36 hours

b. 3rd day

c. 5th day

d. 7th day

241. Fear of sacred thing is a. Harpaophobia b. Hierophobia c. Heliophobia d. Dendrophobia 242. Fear of pregnancy a. Coitophobia b. Phengophobia c. Maieusiophobia d. Hierophobia

243. The irresistible impulse to in intoxication either in alcohol or drugs a. Pyromania

b. Dipsomania c. Mutilomania d. Kleptomania

244. This is a form of malingering, whereby something really exists as a fact but is converted to a more serious disability or injury or to an exaggeration of the real complaint

a. Feigned b. Fictitious c. Factitious d. True

245. Which of the following is abused by rugby sniffers a. Benzene

b. Toluene c. Acetone d. Chloroform

246. The feeling of grains of sand are lying under the skin or small insects crawling on the skin giving rise to itching sensation common among cocaine users is called

a. Cocaine body packer b. Magnan syndrome c. Hadfield syndrome d. Stonewalling

247. Cause of action for damages for injury sustained may be based on a breach of contract. Which is correct?

a. The issue is the negligence of the doctor

b. Rule of damages is the same as that of a malpractice case c. The expert testimony of a physician is not necessary d. A doctor who makes a contract to effect a cure and uses the

highest possible professional skill is not liable if he fails 248. Which of the following is not the duty of physician to the community

a. To warn public against dangerous false practices of charlatans and quacks

b. Should never act as a dummy of any illegal practitioner, quacks or charlatans

c. To assist in the administration of justice on medico-legal cases when called upon by the court

d. To be punctual in responding to consultation

249. Person is talkative, argumentative and over-confident. There is difficulty of articulation, loss of coordination to finer movements. The face is flushed with eyeballs congested and he is reckless. He is

a. Slight inebriation b. Moderate inebriation c. Drunk

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d. Dead drunk

250. Which of the following wine is bottled before fermentation has ceased so that it contains CO2 gas solution at greater than atmospheric pressure

a. Still sine b. Sparkling wine c. Fortified wine d. Dry wine

251. The anesthetic level of alcohol is a. 100 mg%

b. 300 mg% c. 400 mg% d. 500 mg%

252. Which of the following methods used in alcohol detection makes use of Breatlr analyzer or Alcometer?

a. Chemical b. Enzymatic

c. Gas chromatography d. Infrared absorption

253. In acute arsenic poisoning, the following organs are required for purpose of chemical analysis, except

a. Liver b. Kidney c. Brain d. Stomach

254. Which of the following laws prescribe the rights and obligations of persons in their daily relations with each other and with society

a. Adjective b. Procedural c. Remedial d. Substantive

255. The act permitting undergraduate but qualified person to take the examination subject to condition that they will not practice their profession until they reach the required age

a. RA 4211 b. RA 4224 c. RA 6615 d. RA 5527

256. The members of the Board of Medicine shall hold office for a term of how many years without immediate reappointment?

a. 3 b. 4 c. 5 d. 6

257. The following are rights inherent in the privilege to practice medicine, except

a. Right to avail of hospital services

b. Right to determine appropriate management procedure c. Right to compensation

d. Right to choose patient

258. The kind of professional fee which is unethical because the amount wagers with unforeseeable contingencies is known as

a. Contingent fee b. Dichotomous fee c. Straight fee d. Retainer’s fee

259. Vicarious liability of a physician refers to his accountability for injury to his patent because of

a. Negligent ct committed by his nurse b. Defective hospital equipment

c. Failure of his patient to obey his instructions d. Misunderstanding between him and his patient

260. A hospital may be held liable for a negligent act of a hospital resident physician under the doctrine of

a. Res ipsa loquitur b. Borrowed servant

c. Command responsibility d. Doctrine of assumption of risk 261. Doctrine of res ipsa loquitur

a. Doctrine of ostensible agent b. Captain of the ship doctrine c. Borrowed servant doctrine d. Doctrine of common knowledge 262. Res ipsa loquitur means

a. Another case is cited

b. The truth of the case is in question c. The location of the case identified d. The thing speaks for itself

263. The criminal liability of the physician in performing euthanasia with the consent of the patient is

a. Murder b. Homicide

c. Giving assistance to suicide d. Not liable

264. During an operation by a private person on a private patient, the surgical nurse assisting the surgeon committed a mistake resulting in injury to the patient. the surgeon and not the hospital will be held liable under the doctrine of

a. Command responsibility b. Borrowed servant c. Calculated risk d. Res ipsa loquitur

265. Medical malpractice is an offense which falls under the jurisdiction of the

a. Philippine Medical Association

b. Association of Philippine Medical Colleges c. Board o Medical Education

d. Board of Medicine 266. Subpoena duces tectum

a. Requires a person to appear in court

b. Requires a person to appear and testify in court

c. Requires a person to appear in court and produce documents or papers in his profession

d. Requires a person to appear in court and produce a person under his care and custody

267. It is a wrongdoing independent of contract a. Medical malpraxis

b. Breach of contract c. Dereliction d. Quasi-delict

268. The following are elements of reckless imprudence, except a. That the offender fails to do an act

b. That the failure to do the act is voluntary c. That it is done with malice

d. That material damage or injury resulted from it 269. Quantitative overtreatment

a. Excessive testing

b. Hospitalization of patient for minor ailment

c. Performance of caesarian section to a normal uncomplicated pregnancy

d. Application of cast without any justifiable reason 270. A hospital where operative procedures are employed as a mode of

treatment is

a. Diagnostic hospital b. Maternity hospital c. Surgical hospital d. Cosmetic hospital

271. A medical intern caring for the patient is a a. Trespasser

b. Licensee c. Invitee

Figure

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