DECD school sector teaching workforce Summary

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Issue

 

4

 ‐ 

June

 

2014

 

Prepared

 

by:

 

HR

 

Systems

 

and

 

Workforce

 

Information,

 

Human

 

Resources

 

&

 

Workforce

 

Development

 

The following is a profile of the DECD Teaching Workforce who were actively employed or on paid leave (unless otherwise 

stated) as at the last pay day in June 2014.  The Teaching Workforce identified in this analysis is defined as all teachers and 

leaders employed by DECD under the Education Act.1 

The term “Teaching Workforce” used throughout this bulletin refers to all categories within the school sector only – leader, 

other leader, teacher, other. 

Source:   Data presented in this report is based on the June 2014 Workforce Information Collection prepared for the 

Department of the Premier and Cabinet.  A series of adjustments are undertaken in relation to the data to comply with DPC 

standards.  Therefore totals may vary from other internal DECD publications sourced directly from the HRMS system. 

Permanent/Temporary profiles include employees on leave but exclude claim paid employees (such as temporary relieving 

teachers, swimming instructors, hourly paid instructors, bus drivers).  Therefore data presented for the Permanent/Temporary 

Profiles may vary from other internal DECD publications. 

“Full time” are employees who work greater or equal to 0.98 full time equivalent (FTE). 

Any use of, or interpretation of data other than what is represented in this report is not the responsibility of HRWD Issue 1 – June 2010 is not available for publication due to a change in teaching group classifications, causing a break in the data series.  Overview

Key characteristics of the teaching workforce include: 

 The total DECD school sector teaching workforce was 17047 or 14217.0 full time equivalents (FTEs).  The majority (77.7%) are working in a teaching capacity (category Teacher only).

 The average age of the teaching workforce was 46 years, and 54.6% are aged 45 and over, compared to 55.7% for the total DECD workforce.

 10873(63.8%) worked full time (>=0.98 FTE) and 6174(36.2%) were part time employees.  However the rate of increase in the part time teaching workforce was higher (11.7%) than the full time teaching workforce (0.5%) over the period.  Female employees made up 72% of employees while 28% were male.  Since 2010 there has been a gradual decrease

(‐1.7% or 84 persons) in the total number of males in the teaching workforce.

 724 employees were on unpaid leave (in addition to the 17047 employees stated above).  881 employees separated during 2013/2014 (including contract expired) 2

1 Unless otherwise stated, the classifications included in each teacher category are:

Leaders – Principal Bands, Permanent Relieving Principal

Other Leaders – Deputy Principals, Leader Bands, Coordinators, Senior Leaders, Seniors

Teacher – Advanced Skill Teacher, Itinerant Teacher, Permanent Relieving Teacher, School Teacher, Temporary Relieving Teacher, Highly

Accomplished Teacher and Lead Teacher

Other – Directors, Superintendents, Education Act Negotiated Conditions, District Improvement Coordinator, Manager – Regional Services, Hourly

Paid Instructors, Seconded Teacher, Swimming Instructors.

2

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Comparison between 2010 and 2014 Employees

As indicated in the tables below the majority of the teaching workforce demographics show a gradual upward trend since 

2010.  The exceptions to this are the leadership group, males and % aged 45 or over which have trended downwards.   

Table 1: School Sector Teaching Workforce Demographics over the last 5 years 

 

 

Table 2: School Sector Teaching Workforce by Temporary/Permanent over the last 5 years  

Trend Over the Last 5 Years Average 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

% change since 2010 11779.2 Permanent (Persons) 11845 11816 11887 11770 11578 -2.3% 3287.6 Temporary (Persons) 3023 3141 3118 3404 3752 24.1%    

N.B. Includes employees on leave (excludes claim paid employees).  The percentage shown above represents the change in totals between 

2010 and 2014, NOT the proportion of permanent compared to temporary workforce 

Note: The dot on the lines in the tables above indicates the highest figure reported over the last 5 years.

Age and Gender Profile

Approximately 72% of the DECD teaching workforce is female.  54.6% of the teaching workforce is aged 45 years and above.  

This may be attributed in part to the influence of the post war baby boomers on the workforce.  By comparison only 16.2% of 

the teaching workforce is aged less than 30 years at June 2014. 

There has been a significant increase in the number of the school sector teaching workforce aged 60 years and above over 

the last five years for both females (+52.4%) and males (+40.0%) showing clearly the ageing of the workforce.  In recent years 

the teaching workforce aged 50‐59 years has reduced which may partly be due to a natural shift in the 60+ category, as well 

as a number choosing to leave the teaching workforce before the age of 60. 

There has also been an increase in the number of the school sector teaching workforce aged less than 30 years over the last 

five years for both females (+22.1%) and males (+35.2%). 

At June 2014, the average age of teachers only (category teacher only  ‐ excluding “others”) was 45 years and leaders only 

(excluding other leaders) was 53 years compared to an average age of 46 years for the total school sector teaching workforce. 

Trend Over the Last 5 Years Average 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

% change since 2010

13590.8 Teachers and Others (Persons) 13155 13427 13615 13777 13980 6.3% 3091.4 Leaders and Other Leaders (Persons) 3195 3037 3046 3112 3067 -4.0% 16682.2 Total Teaching Workforce (Persons) 16350 16464 16661 16889 17047 4.3% 13989.7 Total FTE (Teachers and Leaders) 13826.6 13952.0 14058.7 14121.3 14217.0 2.8% 11871.6 Females (Persons) 11497 11646 11851 12086 12278 6.8%

4810.6 Males (Persons) 4853 4818 4810 4803 4769 -1.7%

10886.0 Full-time (Persons) 10823 10929 10940 10865 10873 0.5% 5796.2 Part-time (Persons) 5527 5535 5721 6024 6174 11.7%

46.2 Average Age 47 46 46 46 46 -2.1%

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Table 3: School Sector Teaching Workforce by Age Group and Gender 

  At June 2014, 59.4% of leaders (excluding other leaders) are females compared to 40.6% males.  The distribution of male and 

female teachers (excluding others) (73.8% female, 26.2% male) aligns more closely with the overall gender distribution of the 

whole school sector teaching workforce (72% female, 28% male). 

The age distribution by gender of the teaching workforce varies across the different categories.  Overall the male teaching 

workforce has a higher proportion aged 50+ years than females (48.9% compared to 43.7% respectively).  More specifically: 

 For both females (76%) and males (66.5%) in leader roles (excluding other leaders) over three in five employees are 

aged 50 + years  

 Almost half (48.9%) of males employed across the different teaching workforce categories are aged 50+ years (66.5% 

leadership, 48.4% other leaders, 47.2% teachers, 58.5% others) 

 Less than half of females in other leadership (46.7%) roles are aged 50+ years.   

Table 4: School Sector Teaching Workforce by Age Group, Gender and Category, June 2014 

Gender Age Group 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

% change since 2010 Female <20 8 8 8 9 9 12.5% 20-24 534 572 579 628 648 21.3% 25-29 1152 1209 1247 1329 1412 22.6% 30-34 887 934 1118 1215 1251 41.0% 35-39 1057 1024 1038 1047 1096 3.7% 40-44 1073 1136 1129 1235 1284 19.7% 45-49 1255 1214 1179 1165 1212 -3.4% 50-54 2115 1927 1749 1610 1447 -31.6% 55-59 2184 2208 2236 2148 2042 -6.5% 60-64 967 1125 1209 1316 1449 49.8% 65+ 265 343 359 384 428 61.5% Total 11497 11700 11851 12086 12278 6.8% Male <20 8 4 4 7 5 -37.5% 20-24 149 162 176 163 179 20.1% 25-29 354 391 415 485 507 43.2% 30-34 343 367 371 402 471 37.3% 35-39 404 413 418 440 433 7.2% 40-44 395 395 386 403 440 11.4% 45-49 424 396 423 406 401 -5.4% 50-54 848 723 626 557 492 -42.0% 55-59 1246 1230 1154 1050 884 -29.1% 60-64 546 567 623 675 699 28.0% 65+ 136 170 214 215 258 89.7% Total 4853 4818 4810 4803 4769 -1.7% <20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65+ Total Females Leader 0 0 3 9 13 24 37 68 115 77 12 358 Other Leader 0 7 109 183 152 214 202 257 284 184 35 1627 Teacher 0 615 1281 1031 888 994 910 1032 1556 1103 355 9765 Other 9 26 19 28 43 52 63 90 87 85 26 528 Total 9 648 1412 1251 1096 1284 1212 1447 2042 1449 428 12278 Males Leader 0 0 4 7 20 23 28 32 88 37 6 245 Other Leader 0 2 60 91 93 105 81 99 176 111 19 837 Teacher 0 158 435 362 309 296 274 331 569 519 222 3475 Other 5 19 8 11 11 16 18 30 51 32 11 212 Total 5 179 507 471 433 440 401 492 884 699 258 4769

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Figure 1: School Sector Teaching Workforce by Age Group, Gender and Category, June 2014 

 

 

 

39.5% of the total school sector teaching workforce are located in primary schools, 23.3% in secondary schools, 13.7% in 

combined schools and 23% in Aboriginal, special schools and non‐school locations.   A further 0.5% of the school sector 

teaching workforce is located in Early Years sites. 

The age distribution of the total teaching workforce by school type is similar to the overall age distribution of the total 

teaching workforce whereby the age group 50+ years is dominant – 43.5% primary, 45.5% secondary, 38.7% combined and 

51.4% in Aboriginal, special schools and non‐school locations.  By comparison the teaching workforce aged less than 30 years 

is 16.2% with a variance of + 3.9% , ‐5.4%. 

   

Table 5: School Sector Teaching Workforce by Age Group and School Type,  June 2014 

N.B. Early Years school type refers to teachers employed under the Education Act working in Early Years sites.  It does not include Children’s Services Act employees.  Other schools 

include Aboriginal/Anangu Schools, Special Schools, Specialist Facilities, Support Services and Other site types.            0.0% 3.0% 6.0% 9.0% 12.0% 15.0% <20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65+ Females

Leader Other Leader Teacher Other

<20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65+

Males

Leader Other Leader Teacher Other

Early Years Primary Secondary Combined Other TOTAL

<20 0 4 1 9 14 20-24 2 287 168 134 236 827 25-29 8 713 517 333 348 1919 30-34 10 728 412 271 301 1722 35-39 12 640 322 226 329 1529 40-44 7 748 381 239 349 1724 45-49 11 692 355 222 333 1613 50-54 17 766 493 234 429 1939 55-59 14 1314 671 330 597 2926 60-64 11 715 505 275 642 2148 65+ 1 137 137 62 349 686 Total 93 6740 3965 2327 3922 17047

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Figure 2: School Sector Total Teaching Workforce by Metro/Country, Category and Age Grouping, June 2014 

Full-time/Part-time Profile

Almost two thirds (63.8%) of the DECD School Sector Teaching Workforce is employed in a full time capacity (>=0.98FTE).   

Over the five years there has been a slight shift where the proportion of part time employees has increased from 33.8% to 

36.2%. 

There is a significant difference between leadership and teachers only/others working full time, with 99% of Leaders and 91% 

of other leaders (deputy principal, leader band, co‐ordinator, senior leader and senior) being full time. 

This compares with 58.2% of teachers only being full time and 44% of the “other” Education Act employees being full time.   

Table 6: School Sector Teaching Workforce by Full Time/Part Time and Category 

            66.1% 39.1% 34.2% 44.7% 0.0% 20.0% 40.0% 60.0% 80.0% 100.0% Leader Other Leader Teacher Other Country Regions

<30 years 30-49 years 50+ years

77.9% 51.4%

46.2% 57.5%

0.0% 20.0% 40.0% 60.0% 80.0% 100.0%

Metropolitan Regions (excluding Not Allocated)

<30 years 30-49 years 50+ years

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

% change since 2010

Full Time (Persons) Leader 642 636 625 602 597 -7.0%

Other Leader 2311 2210 2214 2285 2242 -3.0%

Teacher 7404 7642 7663 7590 7708 4.1%

Other 466 441 438 388 326 -30.0%

Total 10823 10929 10940 10865 10873 0.5%

% Full Time 66.2% 66.4% 65.7% 64.3% 63.8% -3.6%

Part Time (Persons) Leader 4 1 5 8 6 50.0%

Other Leader 221 190 202 217 222 0.5%

Teacher 4885 4949 5097 5432 5532 13.2%

Other 417 395 417 367 414 -0.7%

Total 5527 5535 5721 6024 6174 11.7%

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Temporary and Permanent Profile

Hourly paid instructors, swimming instructors and temporary relief teachers are not included in this profile as the nature of their 

employment is not a pathway to permanency under current DECD policy.  In addition, the teaching workforce on unpaid leave as 

at 30 June 2014 has been included in this analysis to give a more accurate representation of the total permanent/temporary 

profile. 

Approximately three quarters (75.5%) of the total school sector teaching workforce is employed on a permanent basis.  Of 

the permanent school sector teaching workforce (11578), the vast majority of employees are teachers only (73%), with only 

4.9% of the permanent teaching workforce being Leaders only.   Other leaders account for 19.4% and others 2.6% of the 

permanent school sector teaching workforce. 

When considering permanent/temporary status by individual teaching category, 94.4% of DECD Principals (leaders) are 

employed on a permanent basis compared to 71.2% of the total teaching workforce. 

The majority of the teaching workforce employed on a temporary basis are teachers in a teaching role (91.2%).    

 

Table 7: School Sector Teaching Workforce by Permanent/Temporary and Category 

 

Classification Profile

77.7% of the total teaching workforce is made up of teachers only at various classification levels.  Only 3.5% of the teaching 

workforce are Principals, with a further 14.5% in other leadership roles.  The total leadership group consists of just under one 

fifth (18%) of the teaching workforce.   

Swimming instructors are the largest group of other teachers employed by DECD (261 or 1.5% of the total school sector 

teaching workforce) followed closely by seconded teachers (194 or 1.1% of the total school sector teaching workforce).  In 

total, 740 (4.3%) of the teaching workforce are employed in a non‐teaching capacity. 

A number of changes to the structure of the teaching workforce have been implemented in recent years which are reflected 

through changes in the overall workforce mix.  In 2013 a major change was made to the leader classifications as part of the 

South Australian School and Preschool Education Staff Enterprise Agreement 2012, see notes attached to the following table. 

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

% change since 2010 Permanent (Persons) Leader 629 623 605 587 572 -9.1%

Other Leader 2382 2282 2277 2310 2250 -5.5%

Teacher 8385 8495 8595 8507 8451 0.8%

Other 449 416 410 366 305 -32.1%

Total 11845 11816 11887 11770 11578 -2.3%

Temporary (Persons) Leader 21 20 27 30 34 61.9%

Other Leader 195 173 189 246 246 26.2%

Teacher 2763 2905 2849 3085 3421 23.8%

Other 44 43 53 43 51 15.9%

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Table 8: School Sector Teaching Workforce by Classification   

Classification (as at 01/02/2013) 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

% change since 2010 Leader 1 Principal Band A-1 88 46 44 16 16 -81.8%

Principal Band A-2 73 101 100 125 125 71.2%

Principal Band A-3 176 151 155 140 143 -18.8%

Principal Band A-4 110 126 120 109 102 -7.3%

Principal Band A-5 102 98 98 92 91 -10.8%

Principal Band A-6 34 47 48 60 58 70.6%

Principal Band A-7 29 27 27 26 26 -10.3%

Principal Band A-8 26 20 18 18 18 -30.8%

Principal Band A-9 8 21 20 23 23 187.5%

Permanent Relieving Principal 0 0 0 1 1 NA

Total 646 637 630 610 603 -6.7%

Other Leader 2 Assistant Principal Level 1 150 - - - - NA

Assistant Principal Level 2 261 - - - - NA

Coordinator Level 1 113 - - - - NA

Deputy Principal Band B-1 - - - - 1 NA

Deputy Principal Band B-2 146 138 139 125 133 -8.9%

Deputy Principal Band B-3 84 89 80 66 67 -20.2%

Deputy Principal Band B-4 57 58 58 59 58 1.8%

Deputy Principal Band B-5 36 33 30 26 20 -44.4%

Deputy Principal Band B-6 0 12 19 18 18 NA

Senior 109 97 83 71 60 -45.0% Leader Band B-0 416 424 386 88 17 -95.9% Leader Band B-1 1160 1116 1136 1484 1478 27.4% Leader Band B-2 - 153 170 208 241 NA Leader Band B-3 - 275 301 332 327 NA Leader Band B-4 - 3 6 6 15 NA Leader Band B-5 - 2 8 19 26 NA Leader Band B-6 - - - - 2 NA

Permanent Relieving Leader - - - - 1 NA

Total 2532 2400 2416 2502 2464 -2.7%

1. From 01/02/2013 onwards Leader classifications have changed.

Principal - PC01 translated to Principal Band A-1, Principal - PC02 translated to Principal Band A-2, Principal - PC03 translated to Principal Band A-3 and so on.

2.From 01/02/2013 onwards Other Leader classifications have changed.

Coordinator Level 2 translated to Leader Band B-0, Coordinator Level 3 translated to Leader Band B-1.

Deputy Principal - PC01 translated to Deputy Principal Band 2, Deputy Principal - PC02 translated to Deputy Principal Band B-3, Deputy Principal - PC03 translated to Deputy Principal Band B-4 and Deputy Principal - PC04 translated to Deputy Principal Band B-5.

Senior Leader Level 1 translated to Leader Band B-2, Senior Leader Level 2 translated to Leader Band B-3, Senior Leader Level 3 translated to Leader Band B-4 and Senior Leader Level 4 translated to Leader Band B-5.

Assistant Principal Levels were translated to Senior Leader levels in 2011 and then translated to Leader Band levels in 2013.

1. From 01/02/2013 onwards Leader classifications have changed.

Principal - PC01 translated to Principal Band A-1, Principal - PC02 translated to Principal Band A-2, Principal - PC03 translated to Principal Band A-3 and so on.

2.From 01/02/2013 onwards Other Leader classifications have changed.

Coordinator Level 2 translated to Leader Band B-0, Coordinator Level 3 translated to Leader Band B-1.

Deputy Principal - PC01 translated to Deputy Principal Band 2, Deputy Principal - PC02 translated to Deputy Principal Band B-3, Deputy Principal - PC03 translated to Deputy Principal Band B-4 and Deputy Principal - PC04 translated to Deputy Principal Band B-5.

Senior Leader Level 1 translated to Leader Band B-2, Senior Leader Level 2 translated to Leader Band B-3, Senior Leader Level 3 translated to Leader Band B-4 and Senior Leader Level 4 translated to Leader Band B-5.

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For Further Information

Contact:   HR Systems and Workforce Information 

Ph: 8463 7592 

Fax: 8204 8685 

Email: DECDWorkforceDataandPlanning@sa.gov.au 

A copy of the report can be found at https://www.decd.sa.gov.au/department/research-and-data/workforce-reports 

Classification (as at 01/02/2013) 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 since 2010 Teacher Advanced Skills Teacher Level 1 772 - - - - NA

Advanced Skills Teacher Level 2 103 186 250 322 372 261.2%

Itinerant Teacher 4 3 4 4 4 0.0%

Key Teacher 359 - - - - NA

Permanent Relieving Teacher 76 88 97 84 73 -3.9%

Highly Accomplished Teacher - School - - - - 37 NA

Lead Teacher - School - - - - 18 NA

Teacher - School 9159 10425 10421 10524 10683 16.6%

TRT - School 1816 1889 1988 2088 2053 13.1%

Total 12289 12591 12760 13022 13240 7.7%

Other Assistant Regional Director 17 15 19 16 - NA

Curriculum Superintendent 4 4 6 3 4 0.0%

District Improvement Coordinator 1 1 1 1 - NA

ED Act negotiated conditions 175 164 142 125 131 -25.1%

Hourly Paid Instructor Class 2 0 1 1 1 1 NA

Hourly Paid Instructor Class 3 91 87 76 44 69 -24.2%

Hourly Paid Instructor Class 4 85 62 70 61 57 -32.9%

Manager, Regional Services 22 21 20 22 19 -13.6%

Regional Director 13 15 12 17 - NA

Seconded Teacher Level 1 9 3 2 3 11 22.2%

Seconded Teacher Level 2 113 111 121 105 66 -41.6%

Seconded Teacher Level 3 125 115 127 110 117 -6.4%

Superintendent 6 5 6 3 4 -33.3%

Swimming Instructor 222 232 252 244 261 17.6%

Total 883 836 855 755 740 -16.2%

Figure

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