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“Knowledge Librarian” An International Peer Reviewed Bilingual E-Journal of Library and Information Science

USE OF E-RESOURCES BY THE FACULTIES OF DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS OF SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY, PUNE - A STUDY

Pawar Lalita Gajanan* Dr. Tukaram Ramchandra Borse**

* Librarian,

COET North Maharashtra Knowledge City,

Jalgaon, Maharashtra, India.

** Librarian, Central Library, North Maharashtra University,

Jalgaon, Maharashtra, India.

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ABSTRACT: - The paper reveals the uses of e-resources by faculties of the department of physics of Savitribai Phule University, Pune; for the purpose of use pattern of e-resources along with frequency of use and how the faculties searched the e-resources and which is the search engine they use for finding the e- resources. The paper also reveals and differentiates the different e-resources that are used by faculties of physics at Savitribai Phule Pune University.

KEY WORDS – E-Resources, Use, Faculty, Physics , Savitribai Phule Pune University.

1. INTRODUCTION:

Information Communication Technology is being used wildly in library and information services for the acquisition, processing and dissemination of information. Libraries and information centers have been using ICT techniques and ICT based resources to cater the information needs (Haneeta K, 2007). The access to electronic resources in

higher education institution is rapidly increasing.

Electronic resources are proved valuable tools for the process of teaching, learning and research.

Electronic resources can provide many advantages over traditional print based resources as they contain current information because they are updated frequently, e-resources offer advanced search capabilities, they offer flexibility in the

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storage of obtained information such resources enable access of information without the restrictions of time and location (Aspasia, 2009).

2. LITERATURE REVIEW

A number of relevant studies have been carried out on the maximum and minimum use of e resources by teachers, students and research scholars of Universities research institutions.

(Singh, 2013) he explained the users awareness of various e-resources available in the IIM Bangalore Library. 97.30 percent respondents are well aware of e-resources and facilities provided in the IIM Bangalore library. Majority i.e.77.3percent respondents are aware that library is the member of IIM Consortium and INDEST- AICTE Consortium, 72.97 percent of the respondents using e-resources for writing articles/research papers and research work projects.

(Shukla, 2011) in his article “use of e- resources by research scholars of Institute of Technology Banaras Hindu University India”

examine that 76percent respondent use-resources daily whereas 22percent respondent use it weekly for their research activity, majority of the respondent use e-journal daily. As compare print resources to electronic resources 64percent respondent prefer e-resources where as 34 percent use both e-resources and print resources.64 percent respondent know about e-resources through their teachers, friends and collogues, while 42 percent scholars come to know about e-

resources by search engine. Paper also highlight the purpose of use of e-resources that 88percent use it for their research activities,38 percent for publishing articles, 30 percent for finding relevant information in the area of specialization, while 22 percent respondent use for keep up to date their self.

(Togia, 2009) in his article presented in International Conference Chennai he examine use of electronic resources by the graduate students at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. He used survey method for data collection, study focus on the awareness of resources, the frequency of use of resources, types of information resources referred by students. The level of training they have received in using of the resources. Nearly half of the respondents 49.1 percent had never used ERIC the fundamental resource of education literature, only 6.8 percent respondents are aware if e-resources by attending the library program.

3. E-RESOURCES

The Electronic resources are systems in which information is stored electronically and made accessible through electronic systems and computer networks. These resources include OPAC, CD-ROMs Online Databases, E Journals, E books, Internet resources etc. Multiple access speed, richer in content, reuse, timeliness anywhere access is some the features of e- resources.

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“Knowledge Librarian” An International Peer Reviewed Bilingual E-Journal of Library and Information Science

4. PHYSIC DEPARTMENT OF

SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE

UNIVERSITY PUNE:

Department of Physics started in 1952 which is located in science campus in the university. Dr.

S I Patil is the heat of the department; the school offers the M.Sc and PhD degree programs. The research programs of the Department cover a number of areas like Material sciences, Solid State Physics Condensed Matter Physics, Nonlinear Dynamics, Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, Cloud Physics, Thin/Thick Films, Diamond Coatings, Nuclear and Accelerator Physics, Lasers, Plasma Physics, Field Electron/Ion Microscopy, Biophysics etc.

5. SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The scope of this study is limited to the teaching faculties of Physics department of Savitribai Phule Pune University of Maharashtra only.

6. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

To find out the quality of e-resources in library

To find out the frequency of use of e- resources.

To find out the purpose of use of e-resources.

To find out the sources used for locating electronic information.

To find out the frequently used search engine.

7. METHODOLOGY

According to objective of the study a structural questionnaire was prepared to collect data from the teaching faculty of department of Physical science department of Pune University. The questionnaire contains questions regarding to the awareness and use of e resources. Out of 33 questionnaire distributed, 22 respondents fill it which is 66.6%. After collection data was analyzed and presented it in the tabular form.

8. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

A simple percentage analysis was carried out on the extracted from the questionnaire based on gender, designation, teaching experience etc. Wherever necessary the data was analyzed

& represented in the form of tables, graphs, charts to show the result prominently.

8.1 Distribution of Respondent According to Gender

Gender wise distribution of faculties are presented in table no.8.1

Gender No. of Faculties Percentage

Male 17 77.27

Female 5 22.73

Total no. 22 100

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Figure 8.1 shows that majority of the respondent i.e. 17 (77.27per cent) are male, remaining 22.73per cent are female. It is clearly

8.2 Designation of respondent

The table no 8.2 distributed teaching faculties in different designation.

8.2 Designation of Respondents

No. of Faculties

Percentage

Professor 8 36.36%

Associate Professor 3 13.7%

Assistant Professor 9 41%

Professor of Emeritus

2 9%

22 100%

Respondent were further asked about the designation and in the table no.8.2 it is found that 41percent are Assistant Professor, 36.36 percent respondent are Professor, 13.7percent respondent are Associate Professor, and Professor of Emeritus are 9percent.

8.3 Teaching Experience

Experience is the knowledge or masters of an event or subject gained through involvement in or exposure it. A person with considerable experience in a specific field can gain a reputation as expert.

Experience No. of Faculties

Percentage

0-10 Years 7 31.9%

11-20 years 5 22.7%

More than 20 years 10 45.4%

Total 22 100%

Figure no.8.3 indicates the teaching experience 45.4 percent respondent having more than twenty years experience, 31.9 percent teaching faculties having 0-10 years teaching experience while 22.7 percent respondents having 11-20 years teaching experience.

17

5

22 77.27

22.73

100

0 20 40 60 80 100 120

Male Female Total no.

No. of Faculties 8.1 Gender wise Distribution

8, 36%

3, 14%

9, 41%

2, 9%

Professor Associate Professor Assistant Professor 8.2 Designation of respondents

0 2 4 6 8 10

0-10 Years

11-20 years

More than 20

years 7

5

10

31.90% 22.70% 45.40%

No. of faculties

% 8.3 Teaching Experience

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“Knowledge Librarian” An International Peer Reviewed Bilingual E-Journal of Library and Information Science

8.4 Frequency to visit the library

Further the faculties were asked about frequency to visit the library and the findings were shows in the following table.

8.4 Frequency of Visit to the Library

No. of Faculties

Percentag e

Daily 0 0

Two to three times a week

3 13.7%

Weekly 1 4.5%

Monthly 1 4.5%

Occasionally 17 77.3%

Total 22% 100%

Figure 8.4 shows that majority of the respondent i.e.17 ( 77.3 percent) occasionally visit to the library, after that 3(13.7) percent faculties are visit two or three times a week while only 4.5 percent respondent visit to the library weekly and monthly.

8.5 Availability of e- resources in the library

The library has purchased subscriptions to many electronic information resources in order to provide user with access to them free of charge.

8.5 Availability of e- resources in the library

No. of Faculties

Percentag e

Yes 21 95.4%

No 1 4.5%

Don’t know 0 0%

22 100%

Further asked the teaching faculty about availability of e-resources in the library 95.4percent respondent says yes while only 4.5 percent having no information about e-resources available in the library.

8.6 Awareness of e- resources

Awareness of E-resources indicated user’s knowledge of the availability of the resources, their services and the extent of accessibility to the E-resources (Jonathan, 2015).

0

3

1 1

17

0 13.70% 4.50% 4.50% 77.30%

0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18

faculties Percentage 8.4 Frequency of

visit to the library

21

1 0

95.40%

4.50% 0%

0 5 10 15 20 25

Yes No Don’t know

Percentage No. of Faculties 8.5 Availability of E-resources

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8.6 Awareness of e- resources

No. of Faculties

Percentage

E-Books 20 90.9%

E – journals 22 100%

E – encyclopedia 15 68.1%

E- Thesis 11 50%

E- news papers 15 68.1%

CD ROM databases 5 22.7%

Online databases 10 45.4%

E – Mail 18 81.8%

Discussion groups 9 40.9%

Internet 17 77.2%

OPAC of

Library(Online Public Access Catalog)

9 40.9%

Other resources if any .pl. specify.

00 00

After that the respondent asked about various

respondents i.e. 100 percent aware of e-journal followed by 90.9 percent are aware of e-books then81.8 percent respondents are aware of e-mail, 77.2 percent known about Internet whereas 68.1 percent are aware of e-encyclopedia and e-news paper,50 percent are known e-thesis,45.4 percent are aware of online databases than 40.9 percent aware of discussion group and OPAC of library and only22.7 percent respondents are aware of CD ROM databases.

8.7 Awareness approach to e- resources

Faculties were further asked to indicate the awareness approach to E-resources and the results are shown in table no 8.7.

8.7 Awareness approach to e-

resources

No. of Faculties

Percentage

Through membership 7 31.8%

Through library web sites

19 86.3%

Through informatics broachers of library

7 31.8%

Through your colleagues

8 36.3%

Through staff and other sources

10 45.4%

Others 4 18.2%

0 5 10 15 20 25 E-Books

E – journals E – encyclopedia E- Thesis E- news papers CD ROM databases Online databases E – Mail Discussion groups

Internet OPAC of…

Other resources if any…

123456789101112

20 22 15 11

15 5

10 18 9

17 9 0

90.90%

100%

68.10%

50%

68.10%

22.70%

45.40%

81.80%

40.90%

77.20%

40.90%

0

Percentage No. of Faculties 8.6 Awareness of e-resources

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“Knowledge Librarian” An International Peer Reviewed Bilingual E-Journal of Library and Information Science

Majority of the respondent are aware about e- resources through library web site i.e. 86.3 percent after that 45.4 percent respondent are aware through staff and other sources, 36.3 percent respondent knowing about e-resources through their colleagues followed by 31.8 percent respondent aware through information broachers of library and through membership, only 18.2 percent respondents are aware through other sources which are not specify by faculties.

8.8.Type of used e- resources

There are various types of E-resources used by faculties are as followed.

8.8 Type of used e- resources

No. of Faculties

Percentage

E-book 18 81.8%

E- Journals 21 95.4%

E- dictionaries 10 45.4%

E- encyclopedia 11 50%

E- Theses& projects 12 54.5%

E- Newspapers 13 59%

Subject Gateway 6 27.2%

Online NEWS Paper 4 18.1%

CD Rom databases 3 13.6%

Online databases 8 36.3%

E- Mail 11 50%

E-listserv/Discussion groups

3 3.6%

E – archives 2 9%

E- Thesis /Dissertation

5 22.7%

E-zines 8 36.3%

Others ,if any pl.

mention name

00 00

The above table no 8.8 highlights the types of e- resources used by faculties that 95.4 percent respondent prefer to use e-journals after that 81.1 percent faculties used e-books,59 percent are used e-news papers ,54.5 percent respondent used e- thesis and projects , 50 percent respondents use e- mail service and e-encyclopedia ,whereas 45.4 percent use e-dictionaries then 36.3 percent are use online databases and e-magazines followed by 27.2 percent respondents use subject gateway ,22.7 percent use e-thesis and dissertation ,18.1 percent respondents use online news paper whereas 13.6 percent respondents use CD ROM databases and e-listserv/discussion groups and only 9 percent respondent use e-archives facility.

8.9.Frequency of using E Resources

8.9 Frequency of using e-resources

No. of Faculties

Percentage

Daily 21 95.5%

Weekly 1 4.5%

Forth nightly 0 0

Monthly 0 0

Others 0 0

19 7 7

8

10

4

8.7 Awareness approach to e- resources

Through membership

Through library web sites Through informatics broachers of

0 5 10 15 20 25 21

1 0 0 0 95.50% 4.50% 0 0 0

No. of Faculties Percentage 8.9 Frequency of using E-resources

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Table no 8.9 indicates that 95.5 percent respondent daily access e-resources whereas only 4.5 percent respondents access weekly.

8.10 Purpose of using e-resources

There are different purposes amongst users in using E-resources. Faculties of physics were asked about their purpose to access and use of E- resources. Regarding this question many purposes were indicated in following table.

8.10 Purpose of using e-resources

No. of Faculties

Percentag e

To update knowledge 18 81.8%

For study purpose 16 72.7%

For research work 20 90.9%

For preparing assignment

8 36.3%

For teaching purpose 12 54.5%

Writing a research paper for publications

15 68.2%

Subject specific information

12 54.5%

Others , pl .mention specific purpose

0 0

Table no. 8.10 indicates that 90.9 percent respondent use electronic resources for their

research work, 81.8 percent respondent use for up to date their knowledge, 72.7 percent respondents refer e-resources for study purpose whereas 68.2 percent respondent refer e-resources for writing research papers followed by 54.5 percent respondent use e resources for teaching and gating subject specific information and 36.3 percent respondent use for preparing assignment.

8.11 Sources used for locating e-information There are various information resources through which users can access information these are as followed.

8.11 Sources used for locating e-information

No. of Faculties

Percentag e

Library databases 8 36.3%

Directories 1 4.5%

Indexes 3 13.6%

Bibliographies 3 13.6%

Union catalogues 0 0%

OPAC of Library 7 31.8%

Other, (Name of Source)

0 0%

81.80%

72.70%

90.90%

36.30%

54.50%

68.20%

54.50%

0 0

5 10 15 20 25

Percentage

No. of Faculties 8.10 Purpose of using E-resources

8

1

3 3

0 7

36.30% 0

4.50% 13.60% 13.60% 0% 31.80%

0 0%

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

0 2 4 6 8

No. of Faculties Percentage 8.11 Sources used for locating

Information

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“Knowledge Librarian” An International Peer Reviewed Bilingual E-Journal of Library and Information Science

Tables no 8.11 reveals that 36.3 percent respondent using Library databases for locating electronic Information, 31.8 percent respondent use OPAC of library followed by 13.6 percent respondent use Indexes and Bibliographies and only 4.5 percent respondent prefer Directories for locating information.

8.12 Search engine frequently used for literature queries

Search engine is a web based tool that enables users to locate information on the World Wide Web. When faculties asked about the frequently used for literature search the views of faculties are tabulated as follow.

8.12 Search engine

frequently used for literature queries

No. of Faculties Percentage

Google 20 90.9%

Google scholar 13 59%

Yahoo! 4 18.1%

MSN 0 0%

Alta vista 0 0%

Lycos 0 0%

Ask.com 1 4.5%

Khoj.com 0 0%

Look.com 0 0%

Dog pile 0 0%

Netscape Navigator

1 4.5%

Others 1 4.5%

Table no.8.12 Show that 90.9percent respondent prefer Google search engine for accessing

information, followed by 59percent respondent use Google Scholar, whereas 18.1 percent are using Yahoo! and 4.5 percent respondents are use Ask.com, Netscape Navigator and other search engine.

CONCLUSION:

Electronic information resources are wildly uses in all disciplines of education. Electronic resources are very popular in teaching, learning and research activities. The study was seen that majority of faculties are aware of electronic resources available through online and offline. E- journals are maximum preferable e-resource by faculties. E-resources are used every day for research work, updating knowledge, study purposes, teaching and getting subject specific information. Google is most preferable search engine.

REFERENCES

1. Aspasia, T. (2009). "Awareness and use of electronic information resources by education graduate students:Preliminary results from the Aristotle University of Thessalonik". Qulitative and Quntitative Methods in Libraris.International Conference (pp. 1-8). Chania Grete Greece:

QQML2009.

2. Haneeta K, M. (2007). "Use of ICT based resources and services in special libraries in Kerala". Annals of Library and Information studies , 54, 23-31.

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3. Jonathan, C.(2015) "Categories availability and awareness of Electronic Information Resources by postgraduate Library users in South East Nigerian Federal University" International Journal of Library Science, 4(1),7-12.

4. Shukla, P. (2011). "Use of e-resources by research scholars of Institute of Technology,Banaras Hindu University,India".

Researchers World Journal of Arts,Science and Commerce , II (2), 184-194.

5. Singh, V. K. (2013). "Use of E resources and services by users at Indian Institute of Management Bangalore:A Study". International Journal of Humanities and Social Science , 2 (9), 16-31.

6. Togia, A. (2009). Awareness and use of electronic Information resources by education graduate students:Preliminary resultsfrom the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Qulitative and Quntitative Methods in Libraries,International Conference. (pp. 1-8). Chania Crete Rreece:

QQML2009.

References

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