Peru. TE as % of all TEs (SE) % with TE (SE)

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Supplementary Table 1. Prevalence of traumatic events (TEs) and each TE as a proportion of all TEs by country in decreasing order of % for any TE

TE type

Civilian in war zone 11.9 1.35 3.2 0.37 1.7 0.37 0.5 0.10 3.4 0.41 0.7 0.10 2.1 0.31 0.4 0.06

Refugee 1.8 0.42 0.5 0.11 0.1 0.04 0.0 0.01 0.7 0.17 0.2 0.04 0.8 0.25 0.2 0.05

Civilian in region of terror 1.6 0.36 0.4 0.10 5.8 0.59 1.6 0.15 6.4 0.55 1.4 0.13 2.4 0.24 0.5 0.05

Kidnapped 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.08 1.3 0.32 0.3 0.09 1.9 0.47 0.4 0.10 1.4 0.16 0.3 0.03

Relief worker in war zone 1.8 0.47 0.5 0.12 0.5 0.18 0.1 0.05 1.1 0.23 0.2 0.05 1.4 0.23 0.3 0.05 Any Collective violence 15.0 1.34 4.8 0.44 8.1 0.58 2.5 0.21 10.5 0.84 3.0 0.27 6.8 0.44 1.7 0.14 Purposely injured/tortured/killed 1.3 0.39 0.7 0.19 0.3 0.11 0.1 0.08 0.9 0.27 0.3 0.07 1.9 0.26 1.0 0.13

Combat experience 4.5 0.61 1.2 0.17 1.8 0.36 0.5 0.09 2.4 0.62 0.5 0.14 4.9 0.41 1.0 0.08

Accidentally caused serious injury or death 1.1 0.38 0.5 0.14 1.0 0.12 0.4 0.09 1.3 0.22 0.4 0.07 1.4 0.14 0.5 0.07

Saw atrocities 3.9 0.52 2.0 0.48 1.2 0.3 0.5 0.13 2.5 0.47 0.9 0.14 5.5 0.46 2.3 0.20

Witnessed death/dead body/someone hurt 23.8 1.94 14.3 1.19 22.9 1.07 13.1 1.05 36.2 1.57 19.9 0.85 28.2 0.81 12.4 0.50 Any Caused/Witnessed bodily harm 28.8 1.94 18.6 1.36 24.8 1.25 14.7 1.17 37.3 1.59 22.1 0.82 31.3 0.81 17.2 0.58 Beaten up by caregiver 8.7 0.97 2.3 0.22 20.4 0.79 5.5 0.20 22.9 1.52 5.0 0.30 6.6 0.31 1.3 0.06 Witnessed physical fight at home . . . . 31.5 1.14 8.6 0.32 21.0 1.89 4.6 0.25 14.3 0.72 2.9 0.10 Beaten up by someone else 14.0 1.52 9.2 1.10 8.4 0.85 3.9 0.42 5.6 0.64 2.2 0.39 7.1 0.49 3.0 0.22 Any Interpersonal Violence 20.6 1.75 11.5 1.15 43.0 1.13 18.1 0.59 37.6 2.43 11.8 0.70 21.4 0.9 7.3 0.27

Raped 2.2 0.43 0.8 0.19 3.0 0.31 1.4 0.20 4.5 0.58 1.7 0.25 8.9 0.57 3.4 0.16

Sexually assaulted 4.4 0.62 1.9 0.30 6.2 0.9 2.7 0.40 6.9 0.49 2.4 0.17 12.2 0.53 5.4 0.27 Beaten up by spouse or romantic partner 7.9 0.92 2.1 0.23 7.2 0.59 1.9 0.16 7.7 0.58 1.7 0.10 7.8 0.71 1.6 0.12

Stalked 4.9 0.55 1.9 0.26 3.7 0.45 1.5 0.18 6.0 0.91 2.1 0.27 9.6 0.5 3.4 0.18

Traumatic event to loved one 4.0 0.51 1.3 0.18 5.1 0.59 1.5 0.18 8.9 0.84 2.8 0.18 9.7 0.53 3.1 0.18

Private event 9.3 0.93 2.5 0.23 6.2 0.5 1.7 0.13 4.2 0.52 0.9 0.09 6.8 0.38 1.4 0.07

Some other event 9.7 1.06 2.6 0.30 1.9 0.5 0.5 0.14 2.4 0.5 0.5 0.09 7.0 0.43 1.4 0.08

Any intimate partner/ Sexual Violence 29.9 1.79 13.1 0.83 25.0 1.36 11.3 0.71 27.7 1.72 12.0 0.54 36.9 1.36 19.6 0.42 Child with serious illness 18.0 1.3 6.1 0.49 8.3 0.58 2.7 0.24 9.7 1 2.5 0.20 11.5 0.71 3.0 0.13

Natural disaster 3.0 0.67 1.2 0.36 16.4 0.9 6.9 0.57 9.9 1.24 3.8 0.45 17.4 0.98 7.2 0.39

Life-threatening illness 21.7 1.4 7.9 0.51 12.1 0.84 4.2 0.42 10.5 1.08 3.0 0.30 16.0 0.61 4.6 0.20 Toxic chemical exposure 5.4 0.73 2.5 0.35 3.3 0.4 1.9 0.32 4.9 0.82 2.0 0.30 7.1 0.43 4.3 0.31 Other life threatening accident 9.6 1.12 3.4 0.44 8.4 0.83 3.4 0.44 7.5 1 2.3 0.26 9.7 0.46 3.3 0.19 Automobile accident 21.1 1.34 7.3 0.57 20.1 1.16 7.4 0.40 19.2 1.07 6.6 0.44 19.2 0.86 6.0 0.21 Any Accidents or Injuries 52.5 1.65 28.3 1.25 47.9 1.37 26.5 0.76 39.4 1.65 20.1 0.92 50.6 1.25 28.4 0.62 Unexpected death of loved one 41.0 2.12 15.5 0.87 31.6 0.97 12.0 0.75 39.7 1.18 15.3 0.68 41.9 1.15 17.3 0.48 Mugged or threatened with a weapon 10.2 1.45 3.6 0.53 28.8 1.39 12.8 0.70 38.2 1.46 14.2 0.49 18.6 0.58 6.4 0.22

Man-made disaster 8.9 1.18 4.5 0.54 5.3 0.54 2.1 0.28 4.9 0.56 1.6 0.21 6.7 0.48 2.2 0.16

Any Other Trauma 49.5 2.2 23.6 0.99 50.4 1.39 26.9 0.84 60.4 1.46 31.1 0.96 52.1 1.2 25.8 0.48 Total with any event 84.6 1.7 100.0 0.00 83.1 0.81 100.0 0.00 82.7 1.26 100.0 0.00 82.7 0.89 100.0 0.00

Colombia US

TE as % of all TEs (SE) Ukraine

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

% with TE (SE) Peru

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TE type

Civilian in war zone 55.2 2.92 14.3 0.76 5.1 0.42 1.2 0.10 4.2 0.31 1.1 0.07 4.6 0.9 1.1 0.21

Refugee 37.7 3.55 9.8 0.63 0.7 0.19 0.2 0.05 1.6 0.17 0.4 0.05 0.9 0.23 0.2 0.06

Civilian in region of terror 8.6 1.53 2.2 0.39 3.9 0.42 0.9 0.10 3.2 0.26 0.8 0.06 7.7 1.1 1.9 0.25

Kidnapped 3.1 0.71 0.8 0.17 1.1 0.12 0.3 0.03 1.0 0.19 0.3 0.05 2.5 0.57 0.6 0.14

Relief worker in war zone 3.0 0.92 0.8 0.21 1.0 0.18 0.2 0.04 0.9 0.14 0.2 0.04 0.5 0.26 0.1 0.06 Any Collective violence 65.0 3.21 27.9 1.11 9.2 0.54 2.8 0.20 8.2 0.41 2.9 0.17 12.6 1.36 4.0 0.44 Purposely injured/tortured/killed 0.9 0.37 0.5 0.18 . . . . 1.1 0.15 0.9 0.14 1.5 0.56 0.4 0.15

Combat experience 9.5 1.04 2.5 0.28 2.4 0.3 0.6 0.07 2.0 0.19 0.5 0.05 3.6 0.92 0.9 0.23

Accidentally caused serious injury or death 0.9 0.41 0.3 0.18 1.8 0.21 0.7 0.11 1.4 0.19 0.7 0.13 2.7 0.81 0.7 0.20

Saw atrocities 11.2 1.41 5.4 0.71 4.7 0.39 2.5 0.23 3.7 0.22 2.4 0.17 2.6 0.55 1.0 0.22

Witnessed death/dead body/someone hurt 29.5 2.28 17.3 1.03 25.5 0.73 13.2 0.61 27.3 0.76 17.4 0.52 31.0 2.1 15.8 0.92 Any Caused/Witnessed bodily harm 34.9 2.61 26.0 1.41 28.2 0.8 17.0 0.68 29.0 0.75 21.8 0.65 33.3 2.18 18.8 1.08 Beaten up by caregiver 4.1 0.85 1.1 0.21 6.4 0.32 1.5 0.08 5.1 0.38 1.3 0.10 20.7 1.87 5.1 0.39 Witnessed physical fight at home . . . . 10.9 0.44 2.6 0.11 10.4 0.5 2.7 0.14 18.2 1.65 4.5 0.41 Beaten up by someone else 4.1 0.71 1.8 0.32 7.8 0.54 3.8 0.25 6.5 0.35 3.7 0.25 4.6 0.72 1.7 0.29 Any Interpersonal Violence 7.4 1.17 2.8 0.44 19.0 0.71 7.9 0.31 16.8 0.58 7.8 0.32 32.9 2.22 11.3 0.72

Raped 0.3 0.13 0.1 0.07 6.5 0.42 2.7 0.18 5.4 0.4 2.8 0.21 4.1 0.53 1.9 0.33

Sexually assaulted 1.9 0.39 0.8 0.17 11.6 0.54 5.8 0.32 10.0 0.5 5.8 0.33 7.2 0.77 3.0 0.39 Beaten up by spouse or romantic partner 1.6 0.34 0.4 0.09 5.5 0.32 1.3 0.07 4.9 0.3 1.3 0.08 7.8 0.9 1.9 0.22

Stalked 4.5 0.98 2.8 0.57 7.5 0.45 3.2 0.20 7.0 0.41 3.5 0.20 5.3 0.96 1.9 0.28

Traumatic event to loved one 13.2 1.12 5.4 0.62 10.4 0.52 4.1 0.28 7.9 0.43 3.3 0.19 8.5 1.17 3.8 1.18

Private event 5.8 1.23 1.5 0.32 5.1 0.31 1.2 0.08 4.7 0.29 1.2 0.08 4.1 0.86 1.0 0.19

Some other event 2.0 0.6 0.5 0.14 7.6 0.53 1.8 0.12 5.0 0.29 1.3 0.07 2.4 0.58 0.6 0.14

Any intimate partner/ Sexual Violence 21.9 1.82 11.5 0.76 33.3 0.9 20.2 0.65 28.5 0.83 19.1 0.60 26.9 1.85 14.1 1.20 Child with serious illness 4.4 0.88 1.3 0.20 9.2 0.43 3.1 0.18 8.4 0.35 2.7 0.13 5.1 0.63 1.5 0.20

Natural disaster 5.9 1.25 2.0 0.39 9.6 0.57 4.9 0.51 8.8 0.4 4.7 0.34 5.1 0.78 1.7 0.30

Life-threatening illness 5.2 0.89 1.7 0.33 14.3 0.6 5.0 0.24 12.1 0.35 4.4 0.17 8.5 1.31 3.1 0.56 Toxic chemical exposure 0.7 0.33 0.3 0.12 7.9 0.54 6.3 0.48 5.3 0.27 3.9 0.24 3.5 0.67 1.8 0.50 Other life threatening accident 7.3 1.63 2.9 0.65 8.2 0.52 3.4 0.21 6.1 0.39 2.5 0.19 6.4 1.09 2.0 0.35 Automobile accident 12.8 1.4 4.4 0.46 16.3 0.62 6.3 0.25 13.2 0.59 4.8 0.24 18.4 1.7 6.5 0.58 Any Accidents or Injuries 28.7 2.63 12.6 1.02 43.3 0.89 28.9 0.84 37.7 0.76 23.2 0.61 33.4 2.38 16.7 1.01 Unexpected death of loved one 36.6 2.5 15.4 0.90 36.9 0.89 16.3 0.49 35.0 0.8 17.0 0.43 33.0 2.26 16.5 1.00 Mugged or threatened with a weapon 5.1 0.88 2.0 0.35 13.0 0.62 5.0 0.25 12.3 0.47 5.5 0.23 37.4 2.13 17.5 0.93 Man-made disaster 5.5 0.86 1.7 0.20 4.2 0.33 1.7 0.15 5.0 0.37 2.8 0.27 2.7 0.53 1.1 0.28 Any Other Trauma 41.0 2.62 19.1 1.05 44.4 0.98 23.1 0.56 42.9 0.79 25.2 0.49 53.2 2.54 35.1 1.13 Total with any event 81.1 2.7 100.0 0.00 79.3 0.8 100.0 0.00 76.2 0.7 100.0 0.00 75.1 2.6 100.0 0.00

Australia Medellin

Lebanon New Zealand

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

(3)

TE type

Civilian in war zone . . . . 3.6 0.67 1.1 0.21 . . . . 9.7 1.44 3.4 0.42

Refugee 6.1 0.39 1.9 0.12 1.6 0.28 0.5 0.09 . . . . 2.6 0.53 0.9 0.16

Civilian in region of terror . . . . 7.1 0.73 2.2 0.23 . . . . 4.1 1.03 1.4 0.35

Kidnapped 0.5 0.11 0.1 0.03 1.2 0.21 0.4 0.07 1.9 0.36 1.2 0.27 0.6 0.27 0.2 0.09

Relief worker in war zone . . . . 2.1 0.33 0.7 0.10 . . . . 1.5 0.53 0.5 0.17

Any Collective violence 6.4 0.41 2.0 0.12 11.5 0.85 4.9 0.50 1.9 0.36 1.2 0.27 14.8 1.91 6.5 0.62 Purposely injured/tortured/killed 3.2 0.23 2.7 0.23 0.9 0.17 0.5 0.09 1.0 0.3 0.6 0.18 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.26

Combat experience 10.8 0.47 3.3 0.14 2.6 0.35 0.8 0.10 . . . . 6.1 0.75 2.1 0.26

Accidentally caused serious injury or death 1.3 0.16 0.5 0.08 1.9 0.28 1.0 0.22 2.5 0.39 1.4 0.48 2.7 0.55 2.1 0.78

Saw atrocities 9.6 0.45 6.2 0.33 3.9 0.51 2.5 0.40 3.5 0.41 2.1 0.36 4.9 1.05 3.5 0.74

Witnessed death/dead body/someone hurt 26.8 0.53 19.1 0.40 28.5 1.29 18.2 0.86 35.7 1.04 26.5 1.16 24.0 1.53 19.1 1.21 Any Caused/Witnessed bodily harm 34.2 0.56 31.9 0.70 31.8 1.43 22.9 0.96 36.8 1.08 30.6 1.31 29.3 1.81 27.2 1.61 Beaten up by caregiver 3.4 0.3 1.0 0.08 12.0 0.82 3.8 0.26 15.4 1.12 4.6 0.29 2.8 0.49 1.0 0.19

Witnessed physical fight at home . . . 12.6 0.65 3.8 0.21 . . . .

Beaten up by someone else 3.5 0.27 2.6 0.18 12.4 0.61 5.9 0.32 3.9 0.54 2.2 0.30 1.9 0.43 1.4 0.33 Any Interpersonal Violence 6.3 0.39 3.6 0.21 21.0 0.94 9.7 0.48 25.2 1.01 10.6 0.41 4.6 0.64 2.4 0.36

Raped 0.8 0.11 0.3 0.05 2.1 0.27 0.9 0.14 1.0 0.2 0.4 0.10 1.3 0.26 0.7 0.18

Sexually assaulted 6.1 0.36 3.6 0.23 1.6 0.24 0.9 0.17 1.7 0.23 1.0 0.20 4.5 0.83 3.1 0.94 Beaten up by spouse or romantic partner 1.6 0.2 0.5 0.06 7.9 0.48 2.5 0.14 3.7 0.42 1.1 0.13 2.5 0.61 0.9 0.22

Stalked 6.6 0.43 3.7 0.27 4.5 0.43 2.6 0.24 5.5 0.5 2.9 0.30 7.4 0.77 4.1 0.69

Traumatic event to loved one 3.8 0.3 1.8 0.21 5.8 0.41 2.5 0.26 5.2 0.54 2.2 0.30 3.7 0.53 1.6 0.20

Private event 8.7 0.43 2.7 0.12 3.9 0.4 1.2 0.13 2.5 0.27 0.8 0.09 5.2 0.84 1.8 0.32

Some other event 5.2 0.27 1.6 0.08 3.0 0.37 0.9 0.12 2.1 0.3 0.6 0.09 5.8 1.14 2.0 0.43

Any intimate partner/ Sexual Violence 23.8 0.57 14.1 0.54 22.5 0.72 11.5 0.40 16.7 0.81 9.1 0.49 22.0 1.37 14.3 1.67 Child with serious illness 9.4 0.45 4.0 0.23 8.1 0.51 3.5 0.27 6.7 0.85 2.4 0.30 6.4 0.74 2.4 0.24

Natural disaster 1.6 0.16 1.0 0.12 4.1 0.51 1.7 0.21 . . . . 7.8 1.33 6.2 2.78

Life-threatening illness 10.6 0.41 4.7 0.24 13.2 0.76 6.8 0.37 6.4 0.6 2.4 0.20 9.2 1.03 4.4 0.51 Toxic chemical exposure 5.6 0.31 4.6 0.32 3.2 0.4 2.2 0.30 3.4 0.49 2.5 0.44 4.1 0.91 3.3 0.75 Other life threatening accident 7.5 0.39 3.6 0.20 5.6 0.42 2.6 0.27 5.0 0.46 2.1 0.26 4.3 0.93 2.6 0.86 Automobile accident 11.6 0.42 4.7 0.21 13.2 0.64 5.1 0.25 15.4 0.81 6.2 0.26 15.4 1.17 7.2 0.70 Any Accidents or Injuries 34.4 0.67 22.5 0.55 35.0 1.11 21.8 0.53 28.9 1.29 15.5 0.67 36.0 2.01 26.1 2.27 Unexpected death of loved one 38.3 0.76 19.9 0.47 39.2 1.22 19.6 0.57 31.0 1.13 14.2 0.55 28.2 1.86 14.7 1.31 Mugged or threatened with a weapon 9.3 0.36 4.7 0.25 18.3 0.79 8.4 0.37 34.0 1.47 18.2 1.11 11.7 1.04 6.5 0.63 Man-made disaster 2.7 0.23 1.3 0.12 2.8 0.27 1.2 0.14 1.4 0.22 0.6 0.08 4.6 0.78 2.4 0.48 Any Other Trauma 44.6 0.69 25.9 0.47 48.7 1.24 29.2 0.67 52.3 1.75 33.0 1.37 38.3 1.77 23.5 1.18 Total with any event 74.8 0.6 100.0 0.00 73.8 1.2 100.0 0.00 73.8 1.5 100.0 0.00 72.7 2.3 100.0 0.00

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

Israel South Africa Brazil France

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

(4)

TE type

Civilian in war zone 4.3 0.5 1.6 0.19 0.1 0.05 0.0 0.02 9.9 1.11 3.6 0.35 3.7 0.6 1.1 0.17

Refugee 1.9 0.4 0.7 0.15 0.0 0.03 0.0 0.01 5.6 0.87 2.0 0.29 6.1 0.71 1.9 0.20

Civilian in region of terror 2.0 0.37 0.8 0.14 0.8 0.18 0.3 0.06 2.3 0.67 0.9 0.22 5.3 0.64 1.6 0.19

Kidnapped 0.2 0.11 0.1 0.04 2.2 0.33 0.8 0.10 0.3 0.13 0.1 0.05 1.0 0.25 0.3 0.07

Relief worker in war zone 1.7 0.48 0.7 0.18 0.2 0.08 0.1 0.03 1.1 0.27 0.4 0.10 2.3 0.75 0.7 0.23 Any Collective violence 7.5 0.76 3.9 0.40 3.0 0.37 1.1 0.13 14.7 1.33 7.1 0.63 13.9 1.17 5.7 0.46 Purposely injured/tortured/killed 0.3 0.12 0.5 0.22 0.4 0.13 0.2 0.09 0.6 0.21 0.6 0.21 0.5 0.25 0.3 0.14 Combat experience 4.6 0.82 1.8 0.31 0.0 0.02 0.0 0.01 5.1 0.69 1.9 0.28 1.8 0.29 0.5 0.09 Accidentally caused serious injury or death 1.6 0.3 0.7 0.16 1.3 0.24 1.1 0.34 1.4 0.35 0.9 0.44 1.4 0.4 0.6 0.19

Saw atrocities 2.2 0.33 1.8 0.35 0.5 0.15 0.2 0.06 2.9 0.51 2.2 0.51 7.5 0.64 4.9 0.37

Witnessed death/dead body/someone hurt 20.5 1.25 14.7 0.92 16.3 1.09 12.1 0.92 22.4 1.42 17.8 1.07 27.3 1.3 24.3 1.26 Any Caused/Witnessed bodily harm 23.9 1.33 19.4 0.94 17.2 1.11 13.6 1.02 25.1 1.34 23.3 1.15 30.5 1.39 30.6 1.46 Beaten up by caregiver 9.3 0.96 3.6 0.36 18.3 1 6.4 0.33 5.5 0.86 2.0 0.30 10.2 0.84 3.1 0.24

Witnessed physical fight at home 13.0 0.8 5.0 0.29 20.3 1.16 7.1 0.33 . . . .

Beaten up by someone else 3.6 0.44 3.3 0.54 7.4 0.75 4.0 0.40 4.8 0.78 3.9 0.73 5.4 0.65 3.2 0.58 Any Interpersonal Violence 20.0 1.26 11.9 0.66 33.4 1.41 17.5 0.72 9.3 1.04 5.9 0.73 13.8 0.98 6.3 0.67

Raped 1.1 0.22 0.8 0.25 3.9 0.49 2.4 0.52 2.6 0.53 1.8 0.55 0.6 0.28 0.3 0.15

Sexually assaulted 3.4 0.51 3.0 0.47 5.4 0.67 3.1 0.36 5.9 0.82 4.3 0.75 1.3 0.32 0.6 0.14 Beaten up by spouse or romantic partner 2.7 0.37 1.0 0.15 6.0 0.51 2.1 0.17 2.8 0.82 1.0 0.29 4.2 0.59 1.3 0.18

Stalked 5.8 0.57 4.6 0.58 3.7 0.59 2.0 0.30 6.5 0.84 3.3 0.40 2.0 0.31 1.1 0.18

Traumatic event to loved one 2.3 0.39 1.3 0.24 3.5 0.38 1.4 0.18 4.0 0.7 1.9 0.33 4.4 0.58 1.8 0.36

Private event 3.0 0.49 1.2 0.17 3.8 0.38 1.3 0.14 3.5 0.58 1.3 0.21 4.2 0.53 1.2 0.17

Some other event 2.7 0.43 1.0 0.16 1.4 0.29 0.5 0.10 3.3 0.55 1.2 0.19 2.3 0.41 0.7 0.13 Any intimate partner/ Sexual Violence 15.8 1.19 12.9 1.01 19.3 1.06 12.8 0.85 20.7 1.46 14.7 1.35 15.7 1.19 6.9 0.56 Child with serious illness 7.3 0.77 3.7 0.53 7.2 0.84 3.0 0.39 6.7 1.03 2.8 0.46 10.5 0.71 4.6 0.36 Natural disaster 4.2 0.55 1.9 0.23 12.2 1.26 6.7 0.95 5.5 0.73 3.5 1.15 2.4 0.43 1.5 0.39 Life-threatening illness 14.2 1.09 6.9 0.63 10.0 0.9 4.5 0.54 14.1 1.3 6.7 0.52 24.3 1.25 10.8 0.62 Toxic chemical exposure 1.5 0.3 1.2 0.21 4.1 0.62 3.4 0.68 3.4 0.62 4.0 0.85 3.1 1.16 2.8 1.46 Other life threatening accident 6.8 0.76 3.4 0.43 5.1 0.52 2.5 0.31 4.5 0.63 2.5 0.44 5.2 0.54 2.1 0.27 Automobile accident 21.3 1.3 11.8 0.76 15.3 1.22 6.8 0.48 9.1 1.13 3.8 0.56 12.3 0.91 5.2 0.47 Any Accidents or Injuries 41.2 1.54 29.0 1.14 37.4 1.45 26.8 1.33 32.2 1.83 23.4 1.86 39.6 1.53 27.1 1.24 Unexpected death of loved one 23.3 1.15 13.2 0.73 22.7 1.39 12.1 1.02 27.2 2.03 15.9 1.33 38.6 1.18 19.2 0.83 Mugged or threatened with a weapon 9.9 0.83 5.7 0.51 24.6 1.22 15.0 0.79 6.5 0.81 4.1 0.76 8.1 0.76 3.6 0.33 Man-made disaster 6.0 0.86 4.1 0.61 2.3 0.38 0.9 0.14 6.7 1.07 5.4 0.83 1.1 0.33 0.6 0.17 Any Other Trauma 33.5 1.54 23.0 1.12 40.1 1.68 28.0 1.39 34.1 2.15 25.5 1.43 42.1 1.26 23.4 0.83 Total with any event 69.0 1.7 100.0 0.00 68.8 1.8 100.0 0.00 67.3 2.2 100.0 0.00 67.1 1.3 100.0 0.00

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

Germany Nigeria

Portugal Mexico

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

(5)

TE type

Civilian in war zone 11.8 1.96 5.1 0.80 8.3 1.26 3.5 0.47 1.2 0.51 0.8 0.32 5.2 0.63 2.5 0.34

Refugee 4.1 1.18 1.8 0.47 3.0 0.93 1.3 0.35 0.1 0.05 0.0 0.03 0.5 0.13 0.2 0.06

Civilian in region of terror 2.6 0.55 1.1 0.23 3.0 0.74 1.3 0.27 0.5 0.27 0.3 0.19 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.05

Kidnapped 1.1 0.48 0.5 0.21 1.3 0.37 0.6 0.13 0.4 0.27 0.2 0.17 0.7 0.24 0.3 0.12

Relief worker in war zone 1.4 0.36 0.6 0.16 0.6 0.38 0.3 0.16 1.2 0.44 0.8 0.26 0.1 0.06 0.0 0.03 Any Collective violence 15.3 1.98 9.1 1.10 12.6 1.79 6.9 0.95 3.0 0.95 2.1 0.68 5.9 0.68 3.2 0.44 Purposely injured/tortured/killed 0.6 0.21 0.6 0.23 0.2 0.09 0.1 0.07 . . . . 0.4 0.21 0.6 0.41

Combat experience 2.5 0.6 1.1 0.25 1.7 0.58 0.7 0.23 0.4 0.24 0.3 0.15 2.0 0.55 1.0 0.27

Accidentally caused serious injury or death 1.4 0.43 0.7 0.23 2.2 0.77 1.0 0.30 0.5 0.26 0.6 0.29 1.4 0.34 1.0 0.31

Saw atrocities 2.8 0.55 2.5 0.62 1.7 0.77 0.9 0.38 0.1 0.06 0.1 0.04 1.2 0.34 0.9 0.29

Witnessed death/dead body/someone hurt 18.0 1.77 15.5 1.45 19.1 1.51 14.8 1.71 5.4 1.27 3.9 0.56 18.0 1.06 16.8 1.16 Any Caused/Witnessed bodily harm 20.6 2.01 20.5 1.59 21.7 1.63 17.6 1.98 6.0 1.42 4.7 0.84 20.4 1.18 20.3 1.45 Beaten up by caregiver 2.0 0.54 0.9 0.23 3.2 0.63 1.3 0.26 5.3 0.67 3.4 0.38 6.9 0.82 3.3 0.33

Witnessed physical fight at home . . . 6.0 0.88 3.9 0.80 10.6 0.95 5.1 0.50

Beaten up by someone else 4.5 0.69 3.9 0.92 4.1 0.68 2.8 0.50 2.9 0.39 2.4 0.28 7.3 0.72 9.3 0.67 Any Interpersonal Violence 6.2 0.91 4.8 1.00 6.1 0.87 4.1 0.62 12.2 0.78 9.7 0.98 19.7 1.08 17.7 0.88

Raped 1.7 0.75 1.5 0.56 3.4 0.49 3.2 0.59 1.0 0.39 1.7 0.71 0.6 0.17 0.5 0.14

Sexually assaulted 2.9 0.77 2.6 0.68 3.2 0.64 2.6 0.58 2.0 0.41 2.7 0.66 1.7 0.4 2.0 0.53 Beaten up by spouse or romantic partner 2.7 0.73 1.2 0.30 2.5 0.65 1.1 0.27 2.4 0.54 1.5 0.27 4.4 0.54 2.1 0.24

Stalked 5.1 0.83 3.6 0.69 3.6 0.55 3.4 0.69 5.2 0.92 6.0 1.39 2.7 0.46 2.9 0.57

Traumatic event to loved one 3.0 0.51 1.9 0.43 6.2 1.27 5.0 1.12 1.7 0.65 1.4 0.41 1.1 0.32 1.1 0.49

Private event 6.2 1.92 2.7 0.87 3.9 0.64 1.6 0.27 1.5 0.33 0.9 0.15 10.3 1.07 5.0 0.58

Some other event 4.5 0.75 1.9 0.27 5.4 0.81 2.3 0.25 0.9 0.35 0.6 0.23 4.7 0.79 2.3 0.40

Any intimate partner/ Sexual Violence 20.5 2.29 15.4 1.68 20.3 1.92 19.2 2.21 11.9 1.55 14.8 2.25 19.9 1.32 15.9 1.29 Child with serious illness 9.3 0.9 4.7 0.53 6.0 1.35 3.1 0.58 5.2 0.73 3.6 0.44 6.1 0.94 3.4 0.59 Natural disaster 4.4 1.32 2.2 0.53 3.9 1.06 2.0 0.54 12.1 2.33 9.0 1.74 5.4 0.73 3.6 0.55 Life-threatening illness 9.4 1.37 5.6 0.87 10.8 1.03 6.5 0.92 7.7 0.85 6.4 1.02 10.3 1.07 6.6 0.75 Toxic chemical exposure 3.5 0.66 4.4 0.97 2.3 0.49 2.8 0.87 1.3 0.69 2.3 1.22 0.8 0.31 0.7 0.21 Other life threatening accident 3.3 1.08 1.6 0.51 3.9 0.95 1.8 0.37 2.9 0.66 2.3 0.57 4.1 0.66 3.0 0.54 Automobile accident 11.2 1.82 6.0 0.94 7.1 1.1 3.5 0.51 11.9 0.73 9.6 1.15 6.5 0.79 4.3 0.49 Any Accidents or Injuries 32.2 2.56 24.5 1.69 28.2 1.86 19.8 1.23 32.9 2.31 33.1 2.23 25.2 1.74 21.7 1.29 Unexpected death of loved one 24.4 2.23 15.7 1.73 25.4 2.08 17.5 1.47 29.6 2.26 24.0 1.25 23.7 1.43 18.3 1.33 Mugged or threatened with a weapon 10.4 1.47 6.9 1.26 15.1 2.14 9.8 1.22 9.6 1.23 7.8 1.09 2.1 0.4 2.0 0.51

Man-made disaster 3.8 0.96 3.1 0.84 4.9 1.04 5.1 1.69 3.2 0.5 3.8 1.13 1.7 0.38 1.0 0.26

Any Other Trauma 34.5 2.6 25.7 1.85 38.6 2.83 32.4 2.15 36.7 2.16 35.6 1.92 25.8 1.51 21.3 1.32 Total with any event 65.8 3.1 100.0 0.00 65.6 2.8 100.0 0.00 62.4 1.9 100.0 0.00 60.7 1.7 100.0 0.00

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

Murcia-Spain Japan

Belgium Netherlands

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

(6)

TE type

Civilian in war zone 3.5 0.56 1.4 0.21 4.6 0.66 2.1 0.33 4.6 0.51 3.1 0.34 2.6 0.57 1.7 0.36

Refugee 1.6 0.46 0.6 0.17 0.5 0.22 0.2 0.09 0.6 0.26 0.4 0.17 0.7 0.23 0.5 0.16

Civilian in region of terror 20.8 1.27 8.3 0.47 1.1 0.29 0.5 0.12 1.6 0.4 1.1 0.29 3.8 0.67 2.5 0.40

Kidnapped 1.4 0.3 0.5 0.12 1.3 0.35 0.6 0.15 0.8 0.27 0.5 0.18 0.3 0.24 0.2 0.15

Relief worker in war zone 1.8 0.39 0.7 0.16 0.8 0.32 0.3 0.14 1.0 0.34 0.6 0.22 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.07 Any Collective violence 24.3 1.33 11.6 0.55 6.9 0.71 3.7 0.35 7.0 0.65 5.7 0.57 6.1 0.86 5.0 0.67 Purposely injured/tortured/killed 0.3 0.11 0.3 0.13 0.2 0.11 0.2 0.21 0.0 0.01 0.0 0.01 0.1 0.06 0.1 0.04

Combat experience 3.1 0.45 1.3 0.17 1.0 0.34 0.4 0.15 1.1 0.19 0.8 0.14 0.7 0.29 0.4 0.20

Accidentally caused serious injury or death 0.5 0.14 0.5 0.24 0.6 0.18 0.3 0.09 0.5 0.14 0.4 0.10 0.3 0.14 0.3 0.13

Saw atrocities 3.6 0.48 2.8 0.46 0.5 0.24 0.5 0.22 0.4 0.19 0.4 0.21 0.4 0.09 0.3 0.09

Witnessed death/dead body/someone hurt 19.1 1.22 14.0 0.68 25.4 2.23 44.0 2.88 7.3 0.97 8.5 1.14 16.0 1.8 21.8 1.69 Any Caused/Witnessed bodily harm 21.7 1.23 18.9 0.97 25.8 2.22 45.5 2.78 8.7 0.98 10.1 1.22 16.8 1.8 22.9 1.71 Beaten up by caregiver 2.9 0.5 1.1 0.19 2.8 0.55 1.2 0.22 2.5 0.45 1.7 0.32 7.8 0.88 5.2 0.54

Witnessed physical fight at home 5.2 0.67 2.1 0.26 . . . .

Beaten up by someone else 7.3 0.82 4.9 0.44 1.5 0.27 1.4 0.29 1.6 0.47 2.6 0.92 3.9 0.87 4.6 0.78 Any Interpersonal Violence 12.6 1.05 8.1 0.58 4.1 0.61 2.6 0.40 3.8 0.62 4.3 0.94 10.5 1.15 9.7 0.99

Raped 2.8 0.38 2.4 0.41 0.7 0.18 0.6 0.14 0.4 0.14 0.5 0.18 0.1 0.06 0.0 0.04

Sexually assaulted 4.8 0.42 3.8 0.45 1.1 0.26 1.1 0.29 0.7 0.23 0.8 0.22 1.8 0.43 3.1 0.86 Beaten up by spouse or romantic partner 2.6 0.4 1.0 0.15 1.1 0.28 0.5 0.12 0.7 0.24 0.5 0.16 0.8 0.19 0.5 0.12

Stalked 2.8 0.39 2.1 0.36 2.2 0.39 1.8 0.30 1.8 0.34 2.1 0.59 2.8 0.55 3.5 0.83

Traumatic event to loved one 4.9 0.43 2.8 0.33 0.7 0.18 0.3 0.09 1.3 0.27 1.9 1.03 1.2 0.32 0.9 0.23

Private event 4.6 0.55 1.8 0.22 4.8 0.56 2.1 0.28 3.7 0.62 2.5 0.44 2.2 0.41 1.4 0.25

Some other event 4.4 0.51 1.7 0.19 2.5 0.54 1.1 0.23 0.6 0.15 0.4 0.10 1.2 0.29 0.8 0.18

Any intimate partner/ Sexual Violence 18.3 0.93 15.8 1.11 11.3 0.94 7.4 0.61 7.7 0.74 8.8 1.34 8.4 0.97 10.4 1.40 Child with serious illness 5.8 0.61 2.6 0.27 5.4 0.65 2.8 0.44 4.3 0.49 3.4 0.32 3.2 0.54 2.4 0.45 Natural disaster 1.4 0.57 0.7 0.24 7.8 1.29 4.9 0.81 2.9 0.54 2.5 0.55 18.9 1.56 15.4 1.13 Life-threatening illness 7.8 0.74 4.2 0.44 8.0 0.81 4.4 0.58 8.9 0.88 9.4 1.21 7.3 0.94 5.6 0.72 Toxic chemical exposure 2.1 0.37 2.8 0.50 1.8 0.44 3.0 0.72 1.9 0.41 3.0 0.76 2.8 0.63 3.9 0.74 Other life threatening accident 4.0 0.38 2.3 0.27 2.9 0.54 1.8 0.35 5.1 0.85 3.9 0.65 4.9 0.72 4.4 0.57 Automobile accident 8.5 0.89 4.7 0.44 11.7 1.16 6.6 0.69 14.1 1.23 12.3 1.07 6.9 0.72 6.2 0.83 Any Accidents or Injuries 22.8 1.25 17.3 1.04 27.9 1.86 23.5 1.67 28.5 1.41 34.6 1.68 33.7 1.88 37.9 1.88 Unexpected death of loved one 26.7 1.23 16.9 0.87 20.4 1.16 13.3 0.91 20.6 1.36 18.9 1.34 11.1 1.11 8.4 1.00 Mugged or threatened with a weapon 9.8 0.79 5.7 0.50 4.7 0.67 2.7 0.46 13.1 1.37 12.8 1.45 3.4 0.63 3.3 0.59

Man-made disaster 7.0 0.64 5.7 0.52 2.3 0.41 1.4 0.28 4.3 0.72 4.9 1.25 2.8 0.85 2.4 0.64

Any Other Trauma 34.9 1.29 28.3 0.67 24.3 1.35 17.3 1.14 32.0 1.62 36.6 1.99 15.3 1.45 14.0 1.28 Total with any event 60.6 1.7 100.0 0.00 56.1 2.2 100.0 0.00 54.0 1.7 100.0 0.00 52.5 2.6 100.0 0.00

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

Spain China

Northern Ireland Italy

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

(7)

TE type

Civilian in war zone 1.7 0.23 1.3 0.19 0.0 0.03 0.1 0.04

Refugee 0.8 0.18 0.6 0.14 0.1 0.09 0.2 0.12

Civilian in region of terror 0.5 0.13 0.4 0.11 0.0 0.02 0.1 0.03

Kidnapped 0.4 0.15 0.3 0.11 0.2 0.11 0.2 0.15

Relief worker in war zone 0.3 0.17 0.2 0.12 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.06

Any Collective violence 3.1 0.41 2.9 0.42 0.4 0.16 0.6 0.21

Purposely injured/tortured/killed 0.3 0.16 0.5 0.25 0.2 0.09 0.3 0.20

Combat experience 1.2 0.29 0.9 0.23 0.5 0.19 0.7 0.25

Accidentally caused serious injury or death 0.6 0.22 0.5 0.16 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.07

Saw atrocities 1.3 0.18 1.7 0.41 0.2 0.06 0.3 0.11

Witnessed death/dead body/someone hurt 10.7 0.74 15.7 1.52 6.7 0.68 17.2 1.83 Any Caused/Witnessed bodily harm 12.0 0.81 19.3 1.71 7.1 0.7 18.7 1.86

Beaten up by caregiver 3.1 0.46 2.4 0.31 0.7 0.2 0.9 0.26

Witnessed physical fight at home 3.7 0.4 2.8 0.28 . . . .

Beaten up by someone else 2.0 0.33 2.2 0.48 0.5 0.21 1.6 0.79

Any Interpersonal Violence 7.5 0.72 7.4 0.68 1.2 0.3 2.6 0.85

Raped 0.6 0.25 0.5 0.20 0.2 0.04 0.3 0.07

Sexually assaulted 0.7 0.23 1.0 0.37 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.26

Beaten up by spouse or romantic partner 3.1 0.4 2.4 0.36 1.4 0.22 1.9 0.32

Stalked 1.9 0.42 3.6 0.92 0.5 0.17 1.1 0.32

Traumatic event to loved one 0.3 0.11 0.3 0.10 0.6 0.22 1.3 0.58

Private event 2.2 0.41 1.7 0.32 2.5 0.39 3.3 0.51

Some other event 1.1 0.23 0.9 0.16 3.1 0.47 5.5 0.86

Any intimate partner/ Sexual Violence 8.1 0.75 10.3 1.16 6.6 0.64 13.8 1.11 Child with serious illness 4.7 0.58 4.3 0.67 3.7 0.58 6.2 0.97

Natural disaster 5.2 0.48 7.9 1.03 1.3 0.3 2.8 0.67

Life-threatening illness 10.0 0.75 11.9 1.27 5.1 0.78 9.4 1.14

Toxic chemical exposure 2.4 0.36 3.8 0.79 0.8 0.17 2.4 0.50

Other life threatening accident 5.5 0.57 5.6 0.66 2.7 0.43 4.9 1.11

Automobile accident 9.3 0.63 10.2 0.81 6.9 0.87 12.8 1.43

Any Accidents or Injuries 26.4 0.93 43.8 2.06 16.1 1.16 38.7 2.28 Unexpected death of loved one 10.5 0.72 11.5 0.82 11.0 1.02 21.1 2.86 Mugged or threatened with a weapon 3.5 0.68 3.4 0.46 1.2 0.31 3.2 1.15

Man-made disaster 1.4 0.3 1.4 0.30 0.9 0.19 1.4 0.31

Any Other Trauma 13.9 1.01 16.3 0.99 12.6 1.1 25.7 2.79

Total with any event 41.5 1.1 100.0 0.00 28.6 1.3 100.0 0.00

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

Romania Bulgaria

% with TE (SE)

TE as % of all TEs (SE)

Figure

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References

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