Parts of Speech Table

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Verb:

Verb:

A

A verbverb, from the Latin, from the Latin verbum verbum meaningmeaning word word , is a word (part of , is a word (part of speech) that in syntax conveysspeech) that in syntax conveys an action (

an action (bring bring ,, read read ,, walk walk ,, run run ,, learn learn ), or a state of being (), or a state of being (be be ,, exist exist ,, stand stand ).).

Noun:

Noun:

In linguistics, a

In linguistics, a nounnoun is a member of a is a member of a large, open lexical category whose large, open lexical category whose members can occur asmembers can occur as the main word in the subject of a clause, the object of a verb, or the object of a preposition (or put more the main word in the subject of a clause, the object of a verb, or the object of a preposition (or put more simply, a noun is a

simply, a noun is a word used to name a person, animal, word used to name a person, animal, place, thing or abstract idea).place, thing or abstract idea).

Adjective:

Adjective:

In grammar, an

In grammar, an adjectiveadjective is a 'describing' word; the main syntactic role of which isis a 'describing' word; the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.

to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.

Adverb:

Adverb:

An

An adverbadverb is a part of speech is a part of speech that modifies verbs or any part of speech that modifies verbs or any part of speech other thanother than a noun (modifiers of nouns are primarily

a noun (modifiers of nouns are primarily adjectives and determiners).adjectives and determiners).

Pronoun:

Pronoun:

In linguistics and grammar, a

In linguistics and grammar, a pronounpronoun (Lat:(Lat:pronomen pronomen ) is a pro-form that substitutes for) is a pro-form that substitutes for

a noun (or noun phrase), such as, in English, the words

a noun (or noun phrase), such as, in English, the words it it (substituting for the name of a certain object)(substituting for the name of a certain object) and

and he he (substituting for the name of a person). The replaced (substituting for the name of a person). The replaced noun is called thenoun is called the antecedentantecedent of theof the pronoun.

pronoun.

Preposition:

Preposition:

The word

The word preposition preposition comes from Latin, a language in which such a word is usually placed beforecomes from Latin, a language in which such a word is usually placed before its complement. (Thus it is pre-positioned.) English is

its complement. (Thus it is pre-positioned.) English is another such language. In many languagesanother such language. In many languages (e.g. Urdu, Turkish, Hindi and Japanese), the

(e.g. Urdu, Turkish, Hindi and Japanese), the words with this grammatical function come after, not words with this grammatical function come after, not beforebefore the complement. Such words are then commonly called

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Conjunction:

Conjunction:

In grammar, a

In grammar, a conjunctionconjunction is a part of speech that connects twois a part of speech that connects two words, sentences, phrases or clauses together.

words, sentences, phrases or clauses together.

Interjection:

Interjection:

In grammar, an

In grammar, an interjectioninterjection oror exclamationexclamation is a word used to express an emotion or sentimentis a word used to express an emotion or sentiment on the part of the speaker (although most interjections have clear definitions). Filled pauses such

on the part of the speaker (although most interjections have clear definitions). Filled pauses such as

as uh uh ,, err err ,, um um are also considered interjections. Interjections are typically placed aare also considered interjections. Interjections are typically placed a t the beginning of at the beginning of a sentence.

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Parts of Speech Table

Parts of Speech Table

part of 

part of 

speech

speech

function or

function or

"job"

"job"

example

example

words

words

example sentences

example sentences

Verb

Verb

action

action or

or state

state

(to)

(to) be,

be, have,

have,

do, like, work,

do, like, work,

sing, can,

sing, can,

must

must

This

This is

is an Urdu book. I

an Urdu book. I

like

like this book

this book

Noun

Noun

thing

thing or

or person

person

pen,

pen, dog,

dog,

work, music,

work, music,

town, London,

town, London,

teacher, John

teacher, John

This is my

This is my dog

dog. He lives in

. He lives in

my

my house

house. We live

. We live

in

in London

London..

Adjective

Adjective

describes

describes a

a noun

noun a/an,

a/an, the,

the, 10,

10,

some, good,

some, good,

big, red, well,

big, red, well,

interesting

interesting

This house is

This house is big

big..

Adverb

Adverb

describes a

describes a

verb, adjective

verb, adjective

or adverb

or adverb

quickly,

quickly,

silently, well,

silently, well,

badly, very,

badly, very,

really

really

This is

This is really

really nice book.

nice book.

Pronoun

Pronoun

replaces

replaces a

a noun

noun

I,

I, you,

you, he,

he,

she, some

she, some

Sara is Pakistani.

Sara is Pakistani. She

She is

is

Intelligent.

Intelligent.

Preposition

Preposition

links a noun to

links a noun to

another word

another word

to, at, after,

to, at, after,

on, but

on, but

We

We

went

went to

to school

school on

on Monday.

Monday.

Conjunction

Conjunction  joins clauses or

 joins clauses or

sentences or

sentences or

words

words

and, but,

and, but,

when

when

I like dogs

I like dogs and

and I like cats. I

I like cats. I

like cats

like cats and

and dogs.

dogs.

Interjection

Interjection

short

short

exclamation,

exclamation,

sometimes

sometimes

inserted into a

inserted into a

sentence

sentence

oh!, ouch!,

oh!, ouch!,

hi!, well

hi!, well

Ouch

Ouch! That hurts!

! That hurts! Hi

Hi! How

! How

are you?

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