Interactive Fire Alarm System

19  Download (0)

Full text

(1)

®

®

Interactive

(2)

Milestones in the development of

Fire Alarm System by Autronica:

Milestones in the development of

Fire Alarm System by Autronica:

1959:

1959: The first fully transistorised Conventional Fire Alarm System in the world (BS-10)

1969:

1969: TheThe firstfirst low voltage smoke detectorlow voltage smoke detector (BJ(BJ--1)1) 1979:

1979: AutronicaAutronica introduces theintroduces the firstfirst Analogue Addressable Analogue Addressable Fire Alarm System (BS

Fire Alarm System (BS--3)3)

1989:

1989: AutronicaAutronica launches thelaunches the firstfirst Analogue Addressable Analogue Addressable Fire Alarm System

Fire Alarm System with activewith active handlinghandling of detectorof detector signals signals (DYFI)(DYFI)

1999:

1999: AutronicaAutronica delivers thedelivers the firstfirst selfself--verifyingverifying Fire Alarm System Fire Alarm System capable of controlling itself

(3)

Traditional AnalogueAddressable

centralized Fire Alarm System:

Traditional AnalogueAddressable

centralized Fire Alarm System:

PRESS HERE TRYKK HERKNUS GLASSET BREAK GLASS

PRESS HERE TRYKK HERKNUS GLASSET BREAK GLASS

PRESS HERE TRYKK HERKNUS GLASSET BREAK GLASS

PRESS HERE TRYKK HERKNUS GLASSET BREAK GLASS

PRESS HERE TRYKK HERKNUS GLASSET BREAK GLASS

PRESS HERE TRYKK HERKNUS GLASSET BREAK GLASS

PRESS HERE TRYKK HERKNUS GLASSET BREAK GLASS PRESS HERE TRYKK HER KNUS GLASSET BREAK GLASS Autronica Autronica Autronica Autronica Autronica FIRE MORE ALARMS PREWARNING FAULT POWER SILENCE BUZZER FIRE MORE ALARMS PREWARNING FAULT POWER SILENCE BUZZER FIRE MORE ALARMS PREWARNING FAULT POWER SILENCE BUZZER FIRE MORE ALARMS PREWARNING FAULT POWER SILENCE BUZZER FIRE MORE ALARMS PREWARNING FAULT POWER SILENCE BUZZER Autronica SLOKKEANLEGG AKTIVERT BRANNVENTILASJON AKTIVERT BRANNVESEN MOTTATT MELDING ALARMSTED UTKOBLET FORVARSEL FEIL DELER AV ANLEGGET UTKOBLET NETT FLERE ALARMER AVSTILL KLOKKER TILBAKESTILL

DYNAMIC FILTER PROCESS

BS 100 BRANN Basement Ground floor 1st floor 2nd floor 3rd floor 4th floor

(4)

PRESS HERE TRYKK HERKNUS GLASSET

BREAK GLASS BN- 35 BRANNALARM Tilpasningsenhet FIRE ALARM Interface unit Nr. No. Autronica Autronica Autronica PRESS HERE TRYKK HERKNUS GLASSET

BREAK GLASS BN- 35 BRANNALARM Tilpasningsenhet FIRE ALARM Interface unit Nr. No. PRESS HERE TRYKK HERKNUS GLASSET BREAK GLASS BN- 35 BRANNALARM Tilpasningsenhet FIRE ALARM Interface unit Nr. No. INFORMASJONSPANEL More Alarms Silence buzzer Power Fire vent. activ. Fire ext. aktivated Fire Brig. recvd.

ALARM

Power Fire Brig. recvd. Fire vent. activ. Fire ext.. acktivated

0 ALARM ? C 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Silence buzzer Silence sounders Reset More Alarms Prewarning Early warning System fault Function disabled Test Fault Self Verify BN- 35 BRANNALARM Tilpasningsenhet FIRE ALARM Interface unit Nr. No. PRESS HERE TRYKK HERKNUS GLASSET BREAK GLASS

INFORMASJONSPANEL

More Alarms Silence buzzer Power Fire vent. activ. Fire ext. aktivated Fire Brig. recvd.

ALARM BN- 35 BRANNALARM Tilpasningsenhet FIRE ALARM Interface unit Nr. No. PRESS HERE TRYKK HERKNUS GLASSET BREAK GLASS I/O Autronica Autronica Autronica Power Fire Brig. recvd. Fire vent. activ. Fire ext.. acktivated

0 ALARM ? C 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Silence buzzer Silence sounders Reset More Alarms Prewarning Early warning System fault Function disabled Test Fault Self Verify Operator Operator Panel Panel Controller

Controller ControllerController

Controller

Controller

Repeater

Repeater PanelPanel

Info Panel Info Panel Fire Fire Alarm Alarm Panel Panel LAN LON Autromaster Autromaster 50005000 Booster

Booster AutroLON communication networkAutroLON communication network

AutroSafe, the unique distributed

system

AutroSafe, the unique distributed

system

(5)

Power Fire Brig. recvd. Fire vent. activ. Fire ext.. acktivated

0 ALARM ? C 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Silence buzzer Silence sounders Reset More Alarms Prewarning Early warning System fault Function disabled Test Fault Self Verify PRESS HERE TRYKK HERKNU S G LASSET

BREAK GLASS BN- 35 B RANNALARM Tilpasningsenhet FIRE ALARM In terface unit N r. No. Autronica Autronica Autronica

EN-54 Regulations

EN-54 Regulations

Construction

General system requirements:

• Maximum 512 points shall be lost at one system failure (main processor failure)

• One fault in a random loop ( i.g. detector or alarm loop), shall not affect the control panel unit or any other loop • One fault in a random loop ( i.g. detector or alarm loop),

shall not affect the control panel unit or any other loop • When more than 32 points are installed in one loop,

one failure shall not cause the loss of more than 32 points

(6)

Interactive Fire Alarm System:

Interactive Fire Alarm System:

Power Fire Brig. recvd. Fire vent. activ. Fire ext.. acktivated

0 ALARM ? C 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Silence buzzer Silence sounders Reset More Alarms Prewarning Early warning System fault Function disabled Test Fault Self Verify PRESS HERE TRYKK HERK NU S G LA SSET

B REAK GLASS BN- 35 BRANNALARM Tilpasningsenhet FIRE ALARM Interfa ce unit Nr. No. Autronica Autronica Autronica

Duplex communication in the detector loop

Î

Data processing in every point

Î

Decision about incidents is taken by the

point in the detector loop

Î

Î

Display must show Alarm, Fault, Disablement

and test at the same time

Safety-polling from the control panel

(7)

Automatic Addressing:

Automatic Addressing:

When powering up,

the system will automatically

find all units “ID’s”, register

and “remember”...

001199828000346 004199828001125 006199828001025 007199828000725 001199828000025 008199827600125 008199827600126

and simultaneously register

each detectors place in the

loop

ID IDENTITETSKORT Multi Sensor SENSOR MULTI 14 05 17 NRR <123 004 567 8< 246 DES 00 Power Fire Brig. recvd. Fire vent. activ. Fire ext.. acktivated

0 ALARM ? C 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Silence buzzer Silence sounders Reset More Alarms Prewarning Early warning System fault Function disabled Test Fault Self Verify PRESS HERE TRYKK HER KNUS GLASSET BREAK GLASS BN- 35 BRANNALARM Tilpasningsenhet FIRE ALARM Interface unit Nr. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Each detector has a uniqe ID,

and automatic addressing gives

fast commissioning, fewer faults

and easy retrofit

(8)

Panels, displays and controllers with SelfVerify:

Maximum flexibility.

Simple to read, understand and operate.

Panels, displays and controllers with SelfVerify:

Maximum flexibility.

Simple to read, understand and operate.

Operator’s Panel

Connected to AUTROLON

Operates/controls the whole Fire Alarm System, or parts of it

All panels have 16x40 character information displays

Repeater panel

Connected to AUTROLON

Controls part of the Fire Alarm System

Information Panel

Connected to AUTROLON System information only

Loop Controller

Connected to AUTROLON

(9)

Complete range of products for

any application

Complete range of products for

any application

Series 500 marine-, offshore-, exi-applications With special protection for Units Series Optical smoke detectors Heat detectors High sensitive smoke detectors Multisensor smoke detectors Manual call points Interface/

address units Sounder

Series 200 Standard Interactive Addressable units Series 300 With SelfVerify functions

(10)

SelfVerify, why?

SelfVerify, why?

Statistics from Offshore:

40% of all critical faults are faults on detectorchamber or electronics.

Depending of system type, some or

none of these failures are not detected.

45% of all critical faults are functions left disconnected after manual testing.

5% are detectors painted over and hence do not function.

Life Cycle Cost:

Depending on system type, test periods, etc:

Savings 30 – 70%

Same type of faults are expected on landbased systems, savings in Life Cycle Costs are however not supposed to be the same. Better service should mean savings.

(11)

Why Self Verification

onshore

Why Self Verification

onshore

• Onshore security

– Same failure rates expected

– Inhibit problem, due to testing

– Higher system reliability. Simpler and more

reliable maintenance

• Onshore cost.

– Not the same figures, but still possible to reduce

cost on service

(12)

What is Self Verification

What is Self Verification

®

(13)

Standard analogue, addressable Fire Alarm System

Standard analogue, addressable Fire Alarm System

Operation Power supply Communication interface Fault warning Fault signal Fire Alarm

Fire Alarm signal

Alarm signal Detector Loop

Smoke detector

Power Supply Communication interface Fault Warning Fault Signal Fire Alarm

Fire Alarm Signal

Alarm signal Monitored parts Communication interface Signal handling Detector smoke chamber Detector test with test gas

STOP!

ALARM!

ALARM!

(14)

SelfVerify:

Fail safe detectors gives increased reliability

and reduce maintenance cost dramatically

SelfVerify:

Fail safe detectors gives increased reliability

and reduce maintenance cost dramatically

Power supply

Communication-interface

Fire Alarm

Fire Alarm Signal

Operating Fault warning Fault signal Alarm-signal

Smoke detector

Monitored

Monitored partpart

Communication-interface Signal processing Detector smoke-chamber SV-control SelfVerify stimulator STOP!

ALARM!

ALARM!

(15)

MultiSensor Smoke Detector:

MultiSensor Smoke Detector:

Fastest and most reliable notification

of an incipient fire

Fastest and most reliable notification

of an incipient fire

PARTICLE SIZE = Ion Smoke Detector = Optical Smoke Detector = MultiSensor Detector

Heat

Heat

compensated

compensated

(16)

Detectors adapted to the local environment:

Faster warning and fewer unwanted alarms

Detectors adapted to the local environment:

Faster warning and fewer unwanted alarms

SMOKE DENSITY CL EA N E NV IRO NM EN T CL EA N E NV IRO NM EN T NO RM AL ENVI RO NME NT NO RM AL ENVI RO NME NT INDU STRI AL E NVIR ONME NT INDU STRI AL E NVIR ONME NT ENVIRONMENT ADAPTATION SENSITIVITY A A

(17)

Reliable and fast alarm of slow fire

development

DYFI+ functions:

DYFI+ functions:

TIME

SMOLDERING FIRE FILTER

= MEASURED VALUE = PROCESSED VALUE

SENSITIVITY

A

(18)

Filters out misleading phenomena

that result in unwanted alarms

TIME

TRANSIENT FILTER

DYFI+ functions:

DYFI+ functions:

= MEASURED VALUE = PROCESSED VALUE

SENSITIVITY

A

(19)

Fault warning before unwanted

alarm or “dying” detector

DYFI+ functions:

DYFI+ functions:

TIME

POLLUTION FILTER

= MEASURED VALUE = PROCESSED VALUE

SENSITIVITY

A

Figure

Updating...

References

Related subjects :