Year 1 Parents Literacy Workshop. Please write on a post-it note any specific difficulties you have reading with your child.







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Year 1

Parents’ Literacy Workshop

Please write on a post-it note any specific

difficulties you have reading with your child.


What are your memories of

learning how to read and write?

If parents engage with their children's

education, the attainment of the child will

increase by 15% no matter what the

social background of the family. -


What will we cover?

• Timetable • Text types

• Early reading and phonics

• Ideas for spelling ‘tricky words’ • Year 1 phonics programme

• Ideas for reading

– Before – During – After

• How to help your child read a word • Other ideas


Early reading and writing development.

‘The simple view of reading’ – Jim Rose


Phonics is …


Knowledge of the Alphabetic code


Skills of segmentation and blending


“..the more words children know and

understand before they start on a

systematic programme of phonic work the

better they are to succeed...a broad and

rich language experience for children

the hallmark of good early years practice.”





Phoneme The smallest unit of sound that you can hear within a word. The word phoneme refers to the sound , NOT the letter(s) which represent the sound in writing.

c/a/t = 3 phonemes th/e/n = 3 phonemes ch/air = 2 phonemes s/t/r/aigh/t = 5 phonemes ough/t = 2 phonemes

Grapheme The letters used to represent a phoneme f – fat, enough, telephone ae – pain, hay, weight

Blend To list the phonemes within a word and put together quickly to form the word. (Taught as a strategy for reading unknown words.)

Segment To split a word into its separate phonemes,


The sounds of spoken English

• 44 sounds or ‘phonemes’

• 19 – vowel sounds

• 25 – consonant sounds

• Phoneme – smallest unit of sound in a



How many phonemes are there in

the following words?








Tricky words

High Frequency Words :

• Decodable /



Most frequently used words in English


Mostly phonetically


• Tricky /


words :

High frequency words which

are not


Teaching sequence for tricky and decodable



Reading and spelling strategies for



• Whilst out and about spot words and practise verbal spellings

• Play guess the word – write a tricky word on child’s back/hand with your finger

• Play dominoes or pairs or snap with words

• Count how many times you can find a particular word in a reading book

• Writing small to large – motor memory

• Say the letters – letter names ‘G,O spells GO’ - auditory memory

• Say the word how it’s spelt - ‘Watt-er’

• Use magnetic letters, e.g. give children letters ‘t’, ‘h’, ‘e’,


Phase 3, 4 and 5

• Phase 3: learning the first spelling of long

vowel sounds

‘day, stay, light, night, blow’

• Phase 4: revising all the sounds and

graphemes taught, practising adjacent

consonants and polysyllabic

‘stamp, brush, drink, shampoo, fireman

• Phase 5: learning 2


, 3


and alternative

spellings of long vowels sounds

‘make, wait, pie, bike, fly’


Progression of

phonemes taught


Developing Reading.

What are we trying to achieve?

The aim is to produce enthusiastic


Before reading

– Have your child look at the cover and predict

what they think the story is going to be about

– Have your child decide whether the book is a

story (fiction) book or a real (non-fiction) book

– Point out the name of the book (title), the person

who wrote the book (author) and the person who

drew the pictures for the book (illustrator)

– Have your child look for the blurb, read it to your


– Do a picture walk through the book and let your

child tell you what they think the book is about


How to help your child read a word

• Which letter phonemes do you recognise? Can you blend them together?

• Does the word make sense? Read the sentence again to check.

• Is there another word that would make sense? • Is it a word you know?

• Have you read the word before? Is it on another page? • Are there any bits of the word you recognise?

• Miss out the word, say ‘mmmm’, finish the sentence. Then go back and work out what the word was.

• In a rhyming book, think of a word that rhymes. • Use the first 1 or 2 sounds with another strategy

Always go back and read the sentence again!

Always use your own parental judgement. If your child is tired or feeling unconfident, shift the balance of reading more towards you...


During reading

– Ask your child many questions about the

characters in the book as you read the


– Have your child use his/her finger to follow

the direction of the text (top to bottom, left

to right)

– Have your child look at the sentences and

see if he/she can identify any of the sounds

in the words or any of the HF words they


After reading

– Discuss with your child what they

liked/disliked about the story

– Can your child think of another title for the

book and why?

– Did the story have a sad or happy ending?

Can your child think of a different ending

for the story?

– Can your child think of another character

which he/she might want to add to the


You can always come and speak to your class

teacher about your child’s Literacy progress.

If you have any questions, you can email:


What books do your children


Julia Donaldson Poppy Catt Colin McNaughton Allan Alhberg Eric Carle

Dr Seuss series Mr Men

• Library

• Book people –


Other workshops

Year 1 handwriting workshop


Making Sentences

• Ask them what they want to write.

• Make it into a sentence, e.g. “I saw the roller coaster at the park.”

• Say the sentence 2 or 3 times.

• Count the words of the sentence on your fingers.

• What was the first word? Do you know how to spell it. Write the first word.

• Read the word they wrote. Say the whole sentence again counting the words. Which word do we have to write next? • Do you know how to spell that word? Stretch the word (say it

slowly). What does it begin with? What else can you hear? • Write the letters that match the sounds they can hear in the


• Read the sentence so far. What is the next word?

• Keep repeating the above steps until they have finished the sentence.



Related subjects :