Blow up a balloon. Materials: Instructions: 1 small plastic bottle Vinegar Bicarbonate of soda Balloon Teaspoon Paper funnel

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Materials:

1 small plastic bottle Vinegar Bicarbonate of soda Balloon Teaspoon Paper funnel Instructions:

Put 1cm of water into the bottle then add 2 cm of vinegar.

Use the funnel to put 2 teaspoons of bicarbonate of soda into the balloon.

Place the mouth of the balloon over the bottle, making sure none of the bicarb falls into the bottle.

Lift the end of the balloon and allow all of the bicarb to fall into the bottle in one go.

Shake it well and watch the balloon inflate itself!

This is a reaction between a base (bicarb) and an acid (vinegar) which produces a bi-product (carbon dioxide). The gas cannot escape and therefore fills the balloon.

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Materials: Film pot Vitamin C tablet Water A little glitter Black paper Instructions:

Place the film pot on the black paper and put the tablet into the pot.

Pour in a little water and put the lid on quickly. Pour a little glitter on top of the lid and wait…. The hotter the water, the higher the lid!

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Materials:

Bottle of lemonade (label off) Food colouring

Salt

Instructions:

Take the lid off the lemonade, listen!

Add some colour to improve the visual effect. Pour in a handful of salt.

This can be repeated by the children with their own small set of equipment on a plastic tray.

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Materials: 1l bottle Funnel Vegetable oil Water Food colouring Alka-Seltzer tablet Glitter Instructions:

Fill a clean bottle ⅓ full with water Add a few drops of food colouring Fill the rest of the bottle with cooking oil Break up an Alka-Seltzer tablet and add it to the bottle about ½ at a time.

Watch!

Don’t use yellow colouring as it doesn’t show against the oil

Add glitter to make a change.

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Materials:

Glass jar or vase Moth balls

Vinegar

Bicarbonate of soda Teaspoon

Instructions:

Fill the jar with water

Stir in about ⅓ cup of vinegar and 2 teaspoons of bicarbonate of soda - stir carefully and slowly so the mixture doesn’t froth up too much.

Drop a few moth balls into the fizzy liquid.

Bouncing Moth Balls

Be warned: this can go on for several hours!

The bubbles are carbon dioxide which is formed when the vinegar and bicarbonate of soda join together. When the moth balls are at the bottom of the jar, they collect bubbles. The bubbles are lighter than water and they lift the moth balls to the surface where the bubbles escape and the moth balls then sink down again.

If the moth balls are too smooth, the bubbles can’t hold on so the trick won’t work. Rub the surface with sand paper to rough it up a bit!

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Materials:

1 Pint of whole milk (600ml) Pipette

2 colours (food colouring) Washing up liquid

Cotton buds A tray with a lip

Instructions:

Put the milk in the tray

“look tray, milk...pour pour...more? More”

Show the children the colours.

Get a child to choose a colour to use 1st

“blue green- you choose”

Use the pipette to drop some colour into the middle of the tray

“blue ready steady drip...more? More”

“drip, drip, drip.”

Show the children the fairy liquid

“Look! washing up liquid”

Use the pipette to drop some w.liquid Near the colours in the milky mix

“ready steady- drip, drip oh look” Show the children the cotton buds

“look cotton bud- stir …more? More”

Use simple language to talk about what is happening

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Materials:

White background sheet Black paper

A cup to make castles with (little pie dish) Bowl to pour flour into

Sieve

Instructions: Show the flour

“look flour …. “

Put the flour into a container

“pour pour …more? More”

Show the children the cup

“look cup….”

Scoop some flour into the cup and pat the top

“scoop, scoop- pat, pat, pat”

Make a castle!

“ready steady- oh 1”

Show the children the sieve, sieve some flour on to the black paper

“Sprinkle, sprinkle …more? More”

Draw a number in the flour

In the air, show it with your fingers

“ one, one, one”

Repeat the process up to 5.

Get the children to squash the castles

“ready steady- oh splat!”

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Materials:

1 set of stacking shot glasses or clear plastic glasses to make into a pyramid

2 primary colours (food colouring) Three jugs

White background sheet

Instructions:

Put the cups on the table

“look cups ….”

Show them how to build a pyramid

“look build”

Show the children two jugs of different coloured water

“red- yellow”

Show the children the colours

Get achild to choose a colour to use 1st

“yellow red- you choose….. first”

Pour the water onto the top level

“pour pour …more? More”

Pour the water into the middle level

“pour pour …more? More”

On the top level half fill the glasses with one colour. Then fill with the next colour

“pour pour …oh look orange!”

Pour the coloured water into the right jugs. Use the third jug for the orange

“red in here, yellow here, orange here”

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Materials:

1 block of ice (use a large Tupperware container or a balloon)

4 paper towels (or a transparent container) Pipette

2 colours (food colouring- yellow/blue) Salt

Hot water

White plastic sheet

Instructions:

Put the paper towel on the table

“look paper towels 1,2,3,4

Show the container with the ice

“look what’s in here…ice cold ice”

Turn the ice on to the table Let the children come and touch

“oh…ice cold ice”

Show the children the Salt

“Sprinkle, sprinkle …more? More”

Show the children the water

“Oh hot water”

Let the children feel some warm water in a dish

“warm water”

Pour on the hot water

“pour pour …more? More”

Let it melt for a moment or two Show the children the colours

Get a child to choose a colour to use 1st Use the pipette to drop some colour Onto the ice block

“blue ready steady drip...more? More “drip, drip, drip.”

Ice Mountain

Use simple language to talk about what is happening

“melting, look a mountain, look rivers, blue and yellow make green etc”

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Materials: A pile of leaves

White background sheet

Instructions:

Put the white plastic sheet down

“spread it out, spread the sheet”

Pile on the leaves

“look leaves-brown leaves, yellow leaves, red leaves”

Crunch some leaves in your hand

“crunchy leaves …more? More”

Throw some leaves in the air

“floating leaves …more? More”

Ask the children to watch, run around the group then come to the middle and kick the leaves about!

“Watch me, run run run run oh kick”

Invite the children to have a turn.

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Materials: 1 large cup

1 tray for underneath the cup Pipette

2 colours (food colouring- yellow/blue) Oil

Lemonade

White plastic sheet

Instructions:

Put the plastic sheet on the table

“spread it out, spread the sheet”

Show the cup

“look cup, cup on the tray”

Pour some oil into the cup

“oil, pour pour …more? More”

Show the children the lemonade

“What’s this? Lemonade, pour pour …more? More”

Show the children the colours and get a child to choose a colour Use the pipette to drop some colour Into the cup

“blue ready steady drip...more? More “drip, drip, drip.”

Show the children the Salt

“Sprinkle, sprinkle …more? More”

Use simple language to talk about what is happening

“whirlpool, changing places, bubble bubble etc”

Give each child a chance to make their own

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Materials:

1 egg with stick on feet

Pen- to draw a face on the egg Blocks to build a wall

Toy soldiers, Toy horses Paper for humpty to fall on White background sheet

Instructions:

• Im going to build a wall, a wall of bricks,1 2 3 4 5 6 (build bricks in a pyramid) • Look an egg, (draw on face)

• lets draw a face…2 eyes, a nose, a smiling mouth, some hair, 2 ears (stick on feet) 2 feet….

• oh look its Humpty Dumpty, here come HD, he saw a wall, he saw a big wall • I want to climb it thought HD. Up he climbed 1,2,3…he got higher and higher • Look at me he said. I am high on the wall. He sat down on the wall- Humpty Dumpty sat on the wall.

• Along came the kings horses, look up there on the wall- Hi horses look at me sitting High on the wall!

• Along came the kings men-the soldiers, look up there on the wall- Hi soldiers look at me sitting High on the wall.

• HD danced around oh he leaned over the edge, oh no HD had a great fall, Oh no said the kings horses, Oh no said the kings men, they couldn’t put Humpty together again.

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Materials:

A bucket (or the singing pumpkin)

6 exciting objects (objects should be changed each session)

Instructions:

Place the bucket in front of the children

“look bucket, Oh what’s in my bucket today”

Pull the objects out one by one and show the children, no touching-just looking.

If you are using the singing pumpkin, let the singing to finish, so that the children has also to learn to wait.

My exciting bucket

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Materials: Flour 1 sieve

Black cardboard

Instructions:

Put the black cardboard as the base Get the flour and show it to the children

“flour”

Put some flour on the sieve

“pour” “more”

Sprinkle gently the flour on the cardboard

“shake”

Draw something simple for the children to look at.

“happy””sad””rainning” etc.

Fold the cardboard and get rid of that flour Repeat the process once or twice more

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Materials:

3 tubes stack to a steady cardboard (tubes must be big enough as you need to put your hand inside)

Exciting toys (small ones such as clockwork toys, bouncy balls, popeye, etc)

Little box to put the toys inside

Instructions:

Put on the toys in the box and the box in one of the tubes.

Encourage one of the children to scan through the different tubes to find the box.

“looking”

Let the child open the box and find the toy Comment on the toy’s characteristics (i.e. jumpy, soft, etc) by using just one word.

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Materials:

3 or 4 different noise makers (rainmaker, tambourine, bells, etc).

Screen

Instructions:

Put the screen up and play one of the instruments Let them listen for a few seconds

Remove the screen and repeat the sounds Describe the sounds in a simple manner

“rrrrrr” “ssssss” “happy”, etc

Repeat with the rest of the objects

At the end of the session, let the children play with them

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Materials: Snow powder Water Colour paint Glitter Transparent bowl Instructions:

Get the water mixed with two colour bottles of water.

Show one of them to the children.

“red”

Pour a bit in the bowl.

“pour”

Show them the glitter.

“glitter”

Sprinkle a bit of glitter.

Put the powder in and let it to take effect. Show to the children and let them touch.

“snow” “cold” ”spongy”

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Materials:

2litres plastic bottle with a lid

Large bottle of baby oil or light cooking oil Food colouring

Water Funnel

Small pieces of cork or foam

Instructions:

Fill the bottle with water

“water”

Add some colour

“blue”

Add baby oil using the funnel

“oil”

Insert the cork

“ploff!”

Close the bottle and gently tilt the bottle left and right to see the waves and the cork floating on it.

“wavy”, etc.

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Materials:

A non transparent bag

Small toys with different textures and sizes

Instructions:

Show the bag to the children “Touching”

Encourage the children to touch inside the bag and extract a toy. Persuade them if they try to look inside.

Show the toy and let them briefly touch it. Repeat for each child.

Figure

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References

Related subjects : plastic bottle