Erzurum Provincial Directorate of Culture and Tourism

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As in any developed country, sports becoming popular and bringing up elite competitor athletes are of great importance.

Managing this process successfully is possible by developing a good infrastructure of facilities. New football facilities built in Erzurum raise productivity of Erzurum and its vicinity in the field of football as well as they have the characteristic to provide the camp opportunity to the most significant clubs of our country.

I thank, as a sportsman, anyone who has granted their support wishing that the football field and the camp facilities built in this beautiful city contribute to our country at an ultimate level.

Fatih TERİM

Technical Director of National Team of Turkey

Erzurum is positioned as the highest city of Turkey with the plateau on which it is located, with mountain ranges and flatlands surrounding it. There are Artvin-Rize on the north, Bayburt-Erzincan on the west, Bingöl-Muş on the south and Ağrı-Kars on the east of Erzurum which is found in the Eastern Anatolia Region. The city spreads to a wide area at the feet of Eğerli Mountain on the Palandöken Mountain Range on the southeastern valley cited with his name on the upper basin of Karasu which is the beginning part of Fırat River.

The city has become an important accommodation and trade center leading to the Mediterranean countries for the Iranian-Indian and the Middle Asian trade since the Middle Age. Erzurum, having hosted many civilizations such as Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman, has succeeded to bring prominent works of art like Double Minaret Madrasa, Ulu Mosque, Yahudiye Madrasa and Erzurum Castle to the present. There are also important historical places such as Anı Ancient City (250 km), Ishak Pasha Palace (280 km) close to the city. Erzurum which has advantaged geographical values and natural conditions for High-Altitude Trainings, winter and nature sports draws attention also with its availability. The city center is 10 km away from Erzurum Airport and Palandöken Ski Center is at a distance of only 15 km.

ERZURUM

WHERE IS IT LOCATED?

Turkey Karadag Belarus Slovakia ERZURUM

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WHAT IS

A HIGH

ALTITUDE

TRAINING?

It is gaining sportive productivity from advantaging physiological adaptation formed by altitude hypoxia in the organism. First critical studies in this field were handled due to 1968 Mexican Olympic Games. Athletes who live on a high altitude showing higher performance especially in sports of resistance after Mexico City Olympic Games lead people deservedly to associate high altitude training with performance. Studies conducted have resulted in that hypoxic (low oxygen) exercises provided by high altitude affect athletes in a way of increasing

performance and resistance. Human body undergoes a series of changes including an increase in hemoglobin and red blood cells, high breath rate in order to adapt to this height on areas with high altitude. Oxygen carrying capacity of the body rises on high altitude as well as initially an increase in red blood cells.

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The ideal heights to benefit from a high altitude training are between 1800 – 2300 m. Heights below 1800 m result in very little stimulation, heights above 2800 cause oxygen deficiency.

The most favorable period is 3-4 weeks. The more often are the trainings repeated, the faster is the adaptation. They can be repeated for several times in a single season. Even a 10-day period (minimum period) in high altitude trainings is effective.

HOW /

WHERE TO DO

HIGH ALTITUDE

TRAININGS?

WHAT ARE THE

BENEFITS OF

HIGH ALTITUDE

TRAINING?

Adapting the body to the high altitude means the growth of red blood cell rate at 30-50%. Therefore, the number of blood cells, hemoglobin and enzymes in muscle tissues of the athletes boost as a result of trainings on high altitude. This increase is related to the training with low oxygen at the height.

In pursuit of high altitude training performed at a proper height and within a proper period, oxygen-use capacity and hemoglobin level go up and strengthens muscle tissue in oxygenic and oxygen-free environments. This training increases the productivity and resistance of the athlete in lower altitudes.

Trainers reach to the resistance and productivity expected from the athletes in any branch particularly in training camps of high altitude at the beginning of seasons.

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Erzurum city center is established on the northeastern of Turkey (41 17 E; 39 55N) between the heights of 1750 – 3176 m.

Erzurum has cold summers and severe climate in winters. Downfall is generally as snow in winter and as rain in summer. The number of raining days in summer are pretty low. Coexistence of the effects of high temperature and humidity on athlete’s performance is never seen in Erzurum. Additionally, light winds from the northeast and the east even in warm summer middays get rid of the stress of the warmth.

WHAT ARE THE

ADVANTAGES

OF ERZURUM?

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DISTRIBUTION OF ERZURUM

BIOCLIMATIC COMFORT VALUES

PERCENT

AGE DISTRIBUTION

MONTHS

Extreme cold Cold Cool Slightly cool Comfortable Slightly warm Mild Hot Extreme hot

Bioclimatic comfort values are yet to be used instead of normal temperatures in the world and they refer to the quality of weather in a field for people. In a scientific study (Toy 2010) conducted with the most commonly used PET (Physiological Equivalent Temperature) Index, values for a total of 44 settlement centers including Erzurum have been calculated and Erzurum was decided to have rather positive features in terms of human health and performance of athletes.

In a thesis study in 1995, performances of athletes at the sea level were assessed after they exercised on high altitude in Erzurum and positive features of Erzurum were scientifically approved (Doğar 1995).

Erzurum, with all these features, can appeal not only to athletes but also to trainings of trainers and referees at a rather high rate.

Modernized thermal facilities and both Regional Hospital for Research and Training and Research Hospital of Faculty of Medicine in Atatürk University are available to serve for athlete camps in terms of the health of athletes in Erzurum city center (the town of Aziziye).

Erzurum can also offer the opportunity of low prices in accommodation because athlete camp seasons coincide with the off-seasons. Other than field work, there are facilities like fitness center, hamam, sauna for the use of athletes. Especially that football fields are in the city center close to hotels is for the advantage of the city.

Turkey’s Training Center for Olympic Games

One of Turkey’s Training Center for Olympic Games to prepare the talented young for Olympics is in Erzurum. Athletes in the fields of boxing, athletics, ice skating and ski are brought up in Erzurum. Olympic Training Center of Erzurum is found at the Ski Jumping Towers.

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Service sector, stock-breeding and winter tourism are the main areas of activity in the historical city dating back to 6-7 thousand years. Beside the sport facilities established by the public and intended for winter tourism, there are 5 private accommodation facilities.

Total bed capacity of these facilities are over 2000. In addition to these facilities, there are 3 star hotels in the city center. Erzurum successfully hosted major national and international sports organizations (UNIVERSIADE 2011).

HIGH ALTITUDE

ATHLETE

CAMPS

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In terms of suitable football fields for trainings, there are 11 fields in total in Erzurum, 2 inside Atatürk University and 9 including the ones which are planned around the stadium and in the town of Aziziye in addition to Kazım Karabekir Stadium belonging to the Provincial Directorate of Youth and Sports. Besides, there are 5 fields which were began to be established inside the town Palandöken of Erzurum Metropolitan Municipality. All training fields are of UEFA standards.

Name of the Facility Height Distance to the

City Center Distance to the Mountain Hotels

Kazım Karabekir Stadium and the Fields Around

1825-1829–1830- 1833–1835–1836-1840 0 7,1 km University 1 1880–1887–1890 1900 0 5,3 km University 2 (Roadside of Cat Highway) 1900–1910 0 5,3 km

Kayakyolu Sport Area 1980-1990-2000-2200

1979-2006 0 2,1 km

Agencies who organize summer and winter camps of football clubs examined fields in Erzurum and visited Vali Ahmet Altıparmak in his Office. (12.11.2013)

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Erzurum containing Palandöken, Konaklı and Kandilli ski centers serves winter tourism and sport clubs with ice halls and ski jumping towers. SKI JUMPING TOWERS: They are found at Kiremitliktepe on Erzurum-Cad Highway on the north of Palandöken Ski Center. They became one of the symbols of Erzurum 2011 Universiade Winter Games with the height of 125 m and their crescent shape. The facilities include two jumping towers and platforms for K125 and K95 competitions and three training platforms of K65, K40 and K20. According to the sea level, the peak of K95 jumping tower is at 1.995 m, its lowest point is at 1.902 m; the peak of K125 jumping tower is at 1.995 m and its lowest point is at 1.902 m.

WINTER SPORTS

FACILITIES IN

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CURLING ARENA: The facility found in Mecidiye Quarter has 5 curling competition area and a seat capacity of 1000 people. This sport area has individual rooms for referee, jury, chief referee, technical delegation and 4 rooms for athletes. ICE SKATING HALL: The hall found

in Hacı Ahmet Baba Quarter was made open to service in 2009. There are dressing rooms, resting rooms, medical room, dopping control room and rooms for security, jury and technical panel in this hall with the capacity of 2000 spectators.

SHORT TRACK SALONU: The hall found in Hacı Ahmet Baba Quarter was made open to service in 2009. The hall has the capacity of 500 spectators and has the dimensions of 30x60 m². Inside the track building, there are ICE HOCKEY HALLS: There are two halls designed for men and women. The halls are found inside the Cemal Gürsel Sport Complex. Ice Hockey Hall for Men with dimensions of 60 x 30 m has a seat capacity of 3000. And Ice Hockey Hall for Women has a seat capacity of 500 people and is in dimensions of 60 m x 30 m.

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ACCOMODATION

IN ERZURUM

Polat Renaissance Oteli

Palandöken Ski Center +90 (442) 232 00 10 +90 (442) 232 00 99 palandoken@polatholding.com www.polatturizm.com 224 694 600 900 Dedeman Palandöken

Palandöken Ski Center +90 (442) 316 24 14 +90 (442) 316 36 07 palandoken@dedeman.com.tr www.dedeman.com 186 631 215 105

Xanadu Snow White

Palandöken Ski Center +90 (442) 230 30 30 +90 (442) 317 30 40 info@xanaduhotels.com.tr www.xanaduhotels.com.tr 181 503 500 360

Tourinn Palan Otel

Palandöken Ski Center +90 (442) 317 07 07 +90 (442) 317 07 00

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Dedeman Ski Lodge

Palandöken Ski Center +90 (442) 317 05 00 skilodge@dedeman.com www.dedeman.com 54 176 90 170

Palandöken Kayak Evi

Palandöken Ski Center +90 (442) 317 08 04 erzurum@gsb.gov.tr erzurum.gsb.gov.tr 67 150 120 50 Hotel Dilaver

Aşağı Mumcu Street +90 (442) 235 00 68 www.hoteldilaver.com 75 150 80 80

Akçay Otel

Cumhuriyet Street No: 2 +90 (442) 235 32 64 www.akcayhotel.com 36 72

Esadaş Otel

Cumhuriyet Street 27/A +90 (442) 233 54 25 www.esadas.com 38 80 80

Otel Amiller

Kazım Karabekir Street +90 (442) 234 92 17 www.otelamiller.com 46 108 80 100

Grand Hitit Otel

Kazım Karabekir Street +90 (442) 233 50 01 www.grandhitithotel.com.tr 40 70 70

Hekimoğlu Oteli

Kazım Karabekir Street No: 66 +90 (442) 234 30 49 40 60 150 60

Otel Polat

Kazım Karabekir Street No: 4 +90 (442) 235 03 63 www.otelpolat.com 58 115 80 80

Kral Otel

Erzincan Kapı Street No: 18 +90 (442) 234 64 00 34 50

Center in which to shop in Erzurum are significantly close to Palandöken Ski Center, winter sports facilities and training centers. From Palandöken Ski Center is Erzurum AVM at a distance of 3,5 km, Taşhan is of 6 km, Tasmagazalar Street is of 7 km.

Erzurum has been popular worldwide by means of Oltu stone labor. Rosary, cigarette holder, bracelet, necklace, broach, earrings and combs made of Oltu stone and silver are of main souvenirs of the neighborhood. Aside from Oltu stone; golden jewelry, knick-knacks and accessories could be bought in Erzurum. Local cheese, honey and molasses are also of the substantial food products to be bought in Erzurum.

SHOPPING

IN ERZURUM

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CULTURE

AND TOURISM

IN ERZURUM

Beside natural conditions and convenience of geographical position, Erzurum being one of the oldest settlement centers enabled it to become an attraction center by means of culture and tourism.

Double Minaret Madrasa as a Seljukian work of art from the 13. century which is a beautiful sample for madrasas with an open yard.

Yakutiye Madrasa as an Ilhanlı work of art belonging to 1310 is eye-catching with its minaret ornamented with ceramics.

Ulu Mosque as one of the Saltukian works of art from the 12. century draws attention with its wide stone columns.

Erzurum Castle of 16 centuries as a work of art of Theodosius, the Byzantinian Emperor.

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Narman Fairy Chimneys worth seeing with their

red color and interesting shapes. Coruh River and Tortum Stream eye-catching with their convenient presence for nature sports. Lala Pasha Mosque, the architectural plan of

which belongs to Architect Sinan, as an Ottoman work of art.

Erzurum bastions which have witnessed severe wars at the last periods of Ottoman Empire.

The best sample for mausoleums in Anatolia… Emir Saltuk Cupola and Three Cupolas (Üç Kümbetler) from the 12. century.

Palandöken Mountains and local culture and traditions embellishing this unique geography.

Contributors Ahmet ALTIPARMAK (Erzurum Governor) Fikret ÖZTÜRK (Erzurum Provincial Directorate of Culture and Tourism) Talha Bekir ÖZMEN (General Secretary of the Northeastern Anatolia Development Agency) Editors Ahmet ÇOLAK Barış DÜNDAR Hanifi ASLANTÜRK Design Ümit PAKSOY (Tablet İletişim)

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Erzurum Governorship 0.442 237 50 00 0.442 235 47 15 (faks) www.erzurum.gov.tr Erzurum Provincial Directorate of Culture and Tourism 0.442 23 509 25 0.442 233 07 71 (fax)

"MY CHOICE FOR HIGH-ALTITUDE TRAINING IS

ERZURUM. BECAUSE ERZURUM IS NOT ONLY

A CENTER FOR HIGH-ALTITUDE TRAINING,

BUT A CITY OF HISTORY AND CULTURE AT

THE SAME TIME."

ELVAN ABEYLEGESSE

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