ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING INTRODUCTION ENGINEERING YOUR FUTURE

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ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

ENGINEERING

ENGINEERING

YOUR FUTURE

YOUR FUTURE

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HERCULES Engineering Systems Consultants - Engineers - Designers

Agenda

Y What is Engineering? Different disciplines

Y What is Electrical Engineering? Different

Sub-disciplines. Background and overview

Y Main Electrical Engineering sub-disciplines /

Examples

Y Preparing for Your Career While You're Still in High

School

Y Top Reasons for Considering Electrical Engineering Y Steps to start “Engineering your future”

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What is Engineering?

What is Engineering?

Y

Y Engineering is the discipline, art and profession of Engineering is the discipline, art and profession of

acquiring and applying technical, scientific and

acquiring and applying technical, scientific and

mathematical knowledge to design and implement

mathematical knowledge to design and implement

materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and

materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and

processes that safely realize a desired objective or

processes that safely realize a desired objective or

inventions

inventions

“Scientists discover the world that exist; Scientists discover the world that exist; engineers create the world that never was

engineers create the world that never was”” TheodoreVon

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Engineering & Architecture

Engineering & Architecture

Y

Y

Architecture

Architecture

Y

Y

Engineering Disciplines

Engineering Disciplines

– MechanicalMechanical –

– Electrical / ElectronicsElectrical / Electronics – – StructuralStructural – – CivilCivil – – IndustrialIndustrial – – AerospaceAerospace – – ChemicalChemical – – Etc.Etc. Radio, television, telephones, computers, airplanes, space vehicles, automobiles, refrigerators and heaters, office machinery and home appliances, life-saving medical equipment and Martian battles fought with joysticks represent a mere sampling of the now familiar facets of life made possible by

engineers,

technologists and technicians & YOU could be part of it.

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What is Electrical Engineering?

What is Electrical Engineering?

Y

Y Electrical engineering is a profession that uses Electrical engineering is a profession that uses science, science,

technology, and problem

technology, and problem--solving skillssolving skills to design, to design, construct, and maintain products, services, and

construct, and maintain products, services, and

information systems.

information systems.

Y

Y Electrical engineering is the historical name for what is Electrical engineering is the historical name for what is

now called electrical, electronics, and computer

now called electrical, electronics, and computer

engineering.

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Electrical / Electronics Engineering

Electrical / Electronics Engineering

Background and Overview

Background and Overview

Y

Y Generation, distribution Generation, distribution

and/or application of

and/or application of

electricity

electricity, , electronicselectronics and

and electromagnetismelectromagnetism.. Y

Y Electrical engineering is Electrical engineering is

considered the largest

considered the largest

of all engineering

of all engineering

disciplines.

disciplines.

Y

Y Electrical Engineers have a Electrical Engineers have a

desire to understand how

desire to understand how

things work and to learn

things work and to learn

continuously throughout

continuously throughout

their careers.

their careers.

Y

Y As an electrical engineer As an electrical engineer

you could work in areas

you could work in areas

that are at the very

that are at the very

forefront of technological

forefront of technological

innovation.

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Job Titles / Opportunities for Electrical

Job Titles / Opportunities for Electrical

Engineers

Engineers

Y

Y Design Engineer Design Engineer

Y

Y Project Engineer Project Engineer

Y

Y Engineering Specialist Engineering Specialist

Y

Y Chief Engineer Chief Engineer

Y

Y Quality Control Engineer Quality Control Engineer

Y

Y Software Engineer DevelopmentSoftware Engineer Development

Y

Y Network Engineer Network Engineer

Y

Y Engineer Reliability Engineer Reliability

Y

Y Engineer Research Engineer Research

Y

Y Engineer Systems Engineer Systems

Y

Y Design Engineer Design Engineer

Y

Y Field Engineer Field Engineer

Y

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Electrical Engineering

Electrical Engineering

The field now covers a range of sub-studies:

– High and low power generation & distributionHigh and low power generation & distribution

– ElectronicsElectronics –

– Digital SystemsDigital Systems –

– Digital & wireless communicationsDigital & wireless communications –

– Control Systems & AutomationControl Systems & Automation –

– MechatronicsMechatronics EngineerEngineer –

– RoboticsRobotics

– Interior and exterior lighting design Interior and exterior lighting design –

– Computer power supply systemsComputer power supply systems –

– Emergency power systems (UPS)Emergency power systems (UPS) –

– Construction & project managementConstruction & project management

– Life Safety Systems Life Safety Systems –

– Site investigation, inspection and reportsSite investigation, inspection and reports –

– Energy managementEnergy management –

– Alternative sources of power (solar, wind, etc.)Alternative sources of power (solar, wind, etc.) –

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Electrical Engineering / Power Engineering

Electrical Engineering / Power Engineering

Power engineering: dealing with the generation, transmission and

Power engineering: dealing with the generation, transmission and distribution ofdistribution of electricity as well as the design of a range of related devices,

electricity as well as the design of a range of related devices, such as transformers,such as transformers, electric generators, electric motors and power electronics.

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HERCULESENGINEERING SYSTEMS

A photovoltaic system is a system which uses solar cells to convert light into

electricity. A photovoltaic system consists of multiple components, including cells, mechanical and electrical connections and mountings and means of regulating and/or modifying the electrical output.

Due to the low voltage of an individual solar cell (typically ca. 0.5V), several cells are combined into photovoltaic modules, which are in turn connected together into an array. The electricity generated can be either stored, used directly or fed into a large electricity grid powered by central generation plants (grid-connected/grid-tied plant) or combined with one or many domestic electricity generators to feed into a small grid (hybrid plant).

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What is a Fire Alarm?

The main purpose of a fire alarm system is to protect life and property by giving early warning of a fire, so that the occupants can evacuate and/or the Fire Department can respond. A system must be able to detect the initiation of a fire condition, but also notify someone such as emergency personnel, the ocupants of the facility, or both.

Y

Y Complete Life Safety SystemsComplete Life Safety Systems

– Fire alarm and suppression system designFire alarm and suppression system design –

– Intrusion detection systems Intrusion detection systems ““securitysecurity”” –

– Access controlAccess control –

– Sprinkler preSprinkler pre--action systemsaction systems –

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School Renovation Safety and Technology

School Renovation Safety and Technology

Upgrade for LAUSD / Example

Upgrade for LAUSD / Example

Y

Y School Renovation Safety and Technology UpgradesSchool Renovation Safety and Technology Upgrades

– Complete survey of school systems conditions.

– Evaluation and recommendations to upgrade, replace, or retain the existing equipment and related elements.

– Power distribution system evaluation and upgrade

– Complete new systems for public address (Intercom/PA), cable television, security (intrusion alarm), addressable fire alarm, computer data network.

– Upgrade of the power distribution system to accommodate new load additions, and future school expansion.

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Transforming the world & the way we live

The Past

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Transforming the world & the way we live

The Present

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Transforming the world & the way we live

The Future

YOU

Engineer your future, Make a difference,

Have fun, Leave a legacy

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Preparing for Your Career While You're

Preparing for Your Career While You're

Still in High School

Still in High School

Y

Y Mathematics, science, and English form an extremely Mathematics, science, and English form an extremely

important foundation for an engineering career

important foundation for an engineering career

Y

Y Basic understanding of history, culture, and current Basic understanding of history, culture, and current

events are necessary

events are necessary

Y

Y Learn, investigate how things work, talk to others Learn, investigate how things work, talk to others

about engineering (

about engineering ( www.discoverengineering.orgwww.discoverengineering.org)) Y

Y Active participation on school programs, Active participation on school programs,

orientations, etc.

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Top Reasons for Considering

Top Reasons for Considering

Electrical Engineering

Electrical Engineering

Y

Y Job Satisfaction .Job Satisfaction .

– ““YouYou’’re never truly a success until you enjoy what you are doingre never truly a success until you enjoy what you are doing”” Y

Y Wide Choice of Career Opportunities Wide Choice of Career Opportunities

Y

Y Financial SecurityFinancial Security. . –

– Engineering graduates receive the highest starting salary of anyEngineering graduates receive the highest starting salary of anydiscipline.discipline. Y

Y Potential to Benefit SocietyPotential to Benefit Society

– As an engineer, you can choose to work on projects that benefit As an engineer, you can choose to work on projects that benefit society & the society & the environment

environment

Y

Y Intellectual Development & Creative ThinkingIntellectual Development & Creative Thinking

– An engineering education will "exercise" your brain, developing An engineering education will "exercise" your brain, developing your ability to think your ability to think logically and to solve problems.

logically and to solve problems.

– Because we are in a time of rapid social and technological changBecause we are in a time of rapid social and technological changes, the need for es, the need for engineers to think creatively is greater now than ever before.

engineers to think creatively is greater now than ever before.

– Ideal profession to explore, invent, discover, and createIdeal profession to explore, invent, discover, and create Y

Y Prestige & ProfessionalismPrestige & Professionalism

– Respected professionRespected profession Y

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How much money do electrical

How much money do electrical

engineers make?

engineers make?

Y

Y Depends on:Depends on:

1.

1. Engineering specialization Engineering specialization 2.

2. Industry Industry 3.

3. Other areas of Other areas of

specialization and degrees

specialization and degrees

4.

4. Licenses & Certifications Licenses & Certifications (PE

(PE--Professional Engineer, Professional Engineer, PM

PM-- Project manager, etc)Project manager, etc) 5.

5. Years in the industry / Years in the industry / experience

experience

6.

6. Personality & PassionPersonality & Passion 7.

7. Who you work forWho you work for

8.

8.YOUYOU $75,000‐ $95,000 or  more Electrical/Electronics (Electrical,  Software, Control Systems, etc.) $80,000 Aeronoutical $76,000 Mechanical $73,000 Civil / Environmental $71,000 Industrial $69,000 Biochemical Engineering $46,000 Executive Assistance $72,000 Project Manager / Construction Manager $39,000 Administrative / Office Manager $42,000 Retail Store Manager $33,000 Administrative Assistance Base Salary + Bonus Average JOB

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Basic Requirements to become an

Electrical / Electronics Engineer

Y Strong intuition about how things work Y Desire to learn and apply knowledge Y Enjoy technology

Y Passion for creating / enhancing things, processes,

etc.

Y Strong belief that technology properly apply could

benefit and enhance human life

Y What you already have:

– Intelligence / Brain

– Opportunity

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Engineering your future

Engineering your future

Y

Y

S

S

elect your goal -elect your goal

-Y

Y

U

U

nlock your personal potential –nlock your personal potential – Learn, investigate, ask, etcLearn, investigate, ask, etc

Y

Y

C

C

ommit yourself to your plan. ommit yourself to your plan.

Y

Y

C

C

hart your course / Engineer your future (what?, where?, hart your course / Engineer your future (what?, where?, when?

when?

Y

Y

E

E

xpect problems. Don’xpect problems. Don’t give upt give up

Y

Y

S

S

tand firm on your commitment and beliefs. Be proud of tand firm on your commitment and beliefs. Be proud of yourself, and make others proud of you.

yourself, and make others proud of you.

Y

Y

S

S

hare your blessings with others. hare your blessings with others. You

You’’re never truly a success until you enjoy what you re never truly a success until you enjoy what you are doing

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Questions?

Questions?

Thank you

Thank you

Miguel A.

Miguel A. CorcioCorcio, P.E., P.E. mcorcio@hesconsultants.com

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