A survey to the predictive value of personal dimensions, anxiety trait and depressive quality in smoking

Download (0)

Full text

(1)

Journal of Behavioral Sciences

Vol. 7, No. 3, Autumn 2013 Pages: 255-262

A survey to the predictive value of personal dimensions, anxiety trait and

depressive quality in smoking

Mousavi AS. MSc, Matinkhah F. MSc1, Masjedi MR. MD2

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran 1Department of Pscyhology, Psychology and Educational Science Faculty, University of Isfahan, Tehran, Iran

2Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Tehran, Iran

Submitted: 2012.11.6 Accepted: 2013.8.18

Abstract

Introduction: Research finding shows that some personality traits are linked with smoking. Thus, scrutiny of the five major personality dimensions, anxiety trait, depressive quality and their connection to smoking, was the aim of this research.

Method: 22 faculties from governmental and non-governmental universities in Tehran, through random sampling, and 913 students from the faculties, via convenient sampling were selected respectively, in terms of ex facto design and application of two-steps sampling method. Costello & Comrey anxiety-trait and depressive-trait scale (1967) along with Golberg five major personality scale (1999) were used for data gathering. Data analysis was conducted by SPSS-16 using descriptive methods, Pearson’s correlation and logestic regression.

Results: Sex, openness to experience and depressive trait could directly predict smoking; On the other hand agreeableness, conscientiousness and anxiety trait inversely predicted it. Conclusion: Some of the personality dimensions are linked with smoking, but more research is required, due to divergence of findings. Depressive trait is a predisposing factor to smoking and on the contrary anxiety trait can prevent smoking as a protective cognitive mechanism.

Keywords: Smoking, Personality Dimensions, Anxiety Trait, Depressive Trait

(2)

هرود 7 ، هرﺎﻤﺷ 3 ، ﺰﯿﯾﺎﭘ 1392

:تﺎﺤﻔﺻ 262 -255

ﺶﯿﭘ ﺶﻘﻧ

نﺪﯿﺸﮐرﺎﮕﯿﺳ رد ﯽﮔدﺮﺴﻓا و باﺮﻄﺿا ﻪﮔر ،ﯽﺘﯿﺼﺨﺷ دﺎﻌﺑا ﻦﯿﺑ

يﻮﺳﻮﻣ تادﺎﺳ فﺮﺷا

ﻦﯿﺘﻣ ﻪﻤﻃﺎﻓ ، هاﻮﺧ

1

يﺪﺠﺴﻣ ﺎﺿرﺪﻤﺤﻣ ،

2

ناور هوﺮﮔ اد ،ﯽﻧﺎﺴﻧا مﻮﻠﻋ هﺪﮑﺸﻧاد ،ﯽﺳﺎﻨﺷ ،ناﺮﻬﺗ ،سرﺪﻣ ﺖﯿﺑﺮﺗ هﺎﮕﺸﻧ

ناﺮﯾا

1

ناور هوﺮﮔ ناور هﺪﮑﺸﻧاد ،ﯽﺳﺎﻨﺷ ،ﯽﺘﯿﺑﺮﺗ مﻮﻠﻋ و ﯽﺳﺎﻨﺷ

،ناﺮﻬﺗ ،نﺎﻬﻔﺻا هﺎﮕﺸﻧاد ناﺮﯾا

2

ﺳرﺎﻤﯿﺑ ،ناﺮﻬﺗ ،يرﻮﺸﻧاد ﺢﯿﺴﻣ نﺎﺘ ناﺮﯾا

:ﺖﻓﺎﯾرد ﺦﯾرﺎﺗ 16

/8 / 1391 :شﺮﯾﺬﭘ ﺦﯾرﺎﺗ

27 /5 / 1392

ﯿﮑ

هﺪ

ﻪﻣﺪﻘﻣ ﻪﺘﻓﺎﯾ : نﺎﺸﻧ ﯽﺸﻫوﮋﭘ يﺎﻫ ﯽﮔﮋﯾو ﯽﺧﺮﺑ طﺎﺒﺗرا ﺮﮔ

و ﯽﺘﯿﺼﺨﺷ يﺎﻫ ﻪﺒﻨﺟ

ﻫوﮋﭘ فﺪﻫ سﺎﺳا ﻦﯾا ﺮﺑ .ﺖﺳا نﺪﯿﺸﮐ رﺎﮕﯿﺳ رﺎﺘﻓر زا ﯽﯾﺎﻫ ﺶ

ﺶﯿﭘ ناﺰﯿﻣ ﯽﺳرﺮﺑ ﺮﺿﺎﺣ ﯽﻨﯿﺑ

.دﻮﺑ نﺪﯿﺸﮐرﺎﮕﯿﺳ درﻮﻣ رد ﯽﮔدﺮﺴﻓا و باﺮﻄﺿا ﻪﮔر ،ﺖﯿﺼﺨﺷ گرﺰﺑ ﻞﻣﺎﻋ ﺞﻨﭘ ﯽﺘﯿﺼﺨﺷ دﺎﻌﺑا ﯽﮔﺪﻨﻨﮐ

شور ﻪﻧﻮﻤﻧ شور دﺮﺑرﺎﮐ ﺎﺑ ،ﺮﺿﺎﺣ ﯽﮕﺘﺴﺒﻤﻫ حﺮﻃ رد : ﻪﻠﺣﺮﻣ ود يﺮﯿﮔ

اﺪﺘﺑا رد ،يا 22

ﺑ هﺪﮑﺸﻧاد ﻪ ﯽﺸﻫوﮋﭘ ﻪﻌﻣﺎﺟ زا ﯽﻓدﺎﺼﺗ ترﻮﺻ

هﺪﮑﺸﻧاد) هﺎﮕﺸﻧاد يﺎﻫ هﺪﮑﺸﻧاد ﻦﯾا زا ﺲﭙﺳ .ﺪﺷ بﺎﺨﺘﻧا (ناﺮﻬﺗ ﺮﻬﺷ دازآ و ﯽﺘﻟود يﺎﻫ

،ﺎﻫ 913 ﻪﺑ ﻮﺠﺸﻧاد ﺶﺳﺮﭘ ﻪﺑ سﺮﺘﺳد رد ترﻮﺻ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ

ﺎﻫ

هداد يروآدﺮﮔ ياﺮﺑ .ﺪﻧداد ﺦﺳﺎﭘ ﺎﻫ

ﯽﮔدﺮﺴﻓا ﻪﮔر و باﺮﻄﺿا ﻪﮔر سﺎﯿﻘﻣ يﺮﻣﻮﮐ و ﻮﻠﺘﺳﺎﮐ

) 1967 ﺰﺑ ﻞﻣﺎﻋ ﺞﻨﭘ و ( ﺖﯿﺼﺨﺷ گر

ﺪﻠﮔ گﺮﺑ

) 1999 ﻪﺑ ( .ﺖﻓر رﺎﮐ هداد شور دﺮﺑرﺎﮐ ﺎﺑ ﺎﻫ .ﺪﻧﺪﺷ ﻞﯿﻠﺤﺗ ﮏﯿﺘﺴﺟﻮﻟ نﻮﯿﺳﺮﮔر و نﻮﺳﺮﯿﭘ ﯽﮕﺘﺴﺒﻤﻫ ،ﯽﻔﯿﺻﻮﺗ رﺎﻣآ يﺎﻫ

ﻪﺘﻓﺎﯾ ﺎﻫ ﮔدﺮﺴﻓا ﻪﮔر و ﻪﺑﺮﺠﺗ ﻪﺑ ﯽﮔدﻮﺸﮔ ،ﺖﯿﺴﻨﺟ : ﻪﺑ ﯽ

ﻪﻔﯿﻇو ،ﻖﻓاﻮﺗ و ﻢﯿﻘﺘﺴﻣ رﻮﻃ ﺎﻨﺷ

ﻪﺑ باﺮﻄﺿا ﻪﮔر و ﯽﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ ﺪﻨﺘﺴﻧاﻮﺗ سﻮﮑﻌﻣ رﻮﻃ

ﺶﯿﭘ ار رﺎﮕﯿﺳ .ﺪﻨﻨﮐ ﯽﻨﯿﺑ

ﻪﺠﯿﺘﻧ يﺮﯿﮔ ﯽﮔﮋﯾو ﯽﺧﺮﺑ : ﻪﺘﻓﺎﯾ ﯽﻨﮕﻤﻫﺎﻧ ﻞﯿﻟد ﻪﺑ ﯽﻟو ،ﺖﺳا طﺎﺒﺗرا رد رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ ﺎﺑ ﯽﺘﯿﺼﺨﺷ يﺎﻫ

رﺮﺑ ﻪﺑ ،ﯽﺸﻫوﮋﭘ يﺎﻫ ﯽﺳ

يﺮﺘﺸﯿﺑ يﺎﻫ

ﯽﮔدﺮﺴﻓا ﻪﮔر .ﺖﺳا زﺎﯿﻧ ﻪﻨﯿﻣز ﻞﻣﺎﻋ

ﻪﺑ باﺮﻄﺿا ﻪﮔر و ﺖﺳا رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ زﺎﺳ ﻪﻠﺑﺎﻘﻣ مﺰﯿﻧﺎﮑﻣ ﮏﯾ ترﻮﺻ

ﯽﻣ ﯽﺘﯾﺎﻤﺣ ﯽﺘﺧﺎﻨﺷ يا ﺗ

ﻊﻧﺎﻣ ﺪﻧاﻮ

.دﻮﺷ رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ

هژاوﺪﯿﻠﮐ ﺎﻫ ﯽﮔدﺮﺴﻓا ﻪﮔر ،باﺮﻄﺿا ﻪﮔر ،ﯽﺘﯿﺼﺨﺷ دﺎﻌﺑا ،رﺎﮕﯿﺳ :

:لﻮﺌﺴﻣ هﺪﻨﺴﯾﻮﻧ يﻮﺳﻮﻣ تادﺎﺳ فﺮﺷا

(3)
(4)
(5)

258 / ﻦﯿﺘﻣ ،يﻮﺳﻮﻣ يﺪﺠﺴﻣ ،هاﻮﺧ لوﺪﺟ 1 . ﺖﯿﻌﻤﺟ يﺎﻫﺮﯿﻐﺘﻣ رد يرﺎﮕﯿﺳﺮﯿﻏ و يرﺎﮕﯿﺳ داﺮﻓا ﯽﻧاواﺮﻓ ﺪﺻرد و ﯽﻧاواﺮﻓ ﯽﺘﺧﺎﻨﺷ ﺖﯿﻌﻤﺟ يﺎﻫﺮﯿﻐﺘﻣ ﯽﺘﺧﺎﻨﺷ يرﺎﮕﯿﺳﺮﯿﻏ هوﺮﮔ يرﺎﮕﯿﺳ هوﺮﮔ ﯽﻧاواﺮﻓ ﺪﺻرد ﯽﻧاواﺮﻓ ﺪﺻرد ﻞﻫ ﺄﺗ ﺖﯿ ﻌﺿ و دﺮﺠﻣ 417 6/ 85 364 4/ 85 ﻞﻫﺄﺘﻣ 51 5/ 10 43 1/ 10 ﻪﻘﻠﻄﻣ 2 4/ 0 4 9/ 0 ﺺﺨﺸﻣﺎﻧ 17 5/ 3 15 5/ 3 ﺖﯿﺴ ﻨﺟ نز 232 6/ 47 74 4/ 17 دﺮﻣ 251 5/ 51 347 5/ 81 ﺺﺨﺸﻣﺎﻧ 4 8/ 0 5 2/ 1 تﻼ ﯿﺼ ﺤﺗ ﻢﻠﭙﯾد قﻮﻓ 4 8/ 0 3 7/ 0 ﯽﺳﺎﻨﺷرﺎﮐ ﺖﺴﺨﻧ لﺎﺳ 52 7/ 10 37 7/ 8 ﯽﺳﺎﻨﺷرﺎﮐ مود لﺎﺳ 72 8/ 14 57 4/ 13 ﯽﺳﺎﻨﺷرﺎﮐ مﻮﺳ لﺎﺳ 69 2/ 14 59 8/ 13 لﺎﺳ ﯽﺳﺎﻨﺷرﺎﮐ مرﺎﻬﭼ 83 0/ 17 102 9/ 23 ﺪﺷرا ﯽﺳﺎﻨﺷرﺎﮐ 179 8/ 36 140 9/ 32 يﺮﺘﮐد 15 1/ 3 6 4/ 1 ﺺﺨﺸﻣﺎﻧ 13 3/ 97 22 2/ 5 ﻦﺳ ﻦﯿﮕﻧﺎﯿﻣ 09 / 23 52 / 23 رﺎﯿﻌﻣ فاﺮﺤﻧا 42 /3 24 /3 ﻪﻨﻣاد 39 -17 37 -18 لوﺪﺟ 2 . سﺎﯿﻘﻣ خﺎﺒﻧوﺮﮐ يﺎﻔﻟآ و رﺎﯿﻌﻣ فاﺮﺤﻧا ،ﻦﯿﮕﻧﺎﯿﻣ هدﺮﺧ و ﺎﻫ سﺎﯿﻘﻣ ﺎﻫ ﻒﯾدر سﺎﯿﻘﻣ هدﺮﺧ /سﺎﯿﻘﻣ يرﺎﮕﯿﺳﺮﯿﻏ يرﺎﮕﯿﺳ ﻦﯿﮕﻧﺎﯿﻣ رﺎﯿﻌﻣ فاﺮﺤﻧا ﻦﯿﮕﻧﺎﯿﻣ رﺎﯿﻌﻣ فاﺮﺤﻧا 1 نوﺮﺑ ﯽﯾاﺮﮔ 13 /3 67 /0 10 /3 68 /0 2 ﻖﻓاﻮﺗ 73 /3 63 /0 52 /3 69 /0 3 ﻪﻔﯿﻇو ﯽﺳﺎﻨﺷ 37 /3 68 /0 11 /3 70 /0 4 ﯽﻧﺎﺠﯿﻫ يراﺪﯾﺎﭘ 05 /3 74 /0 94 /2 73 /0 5 ﻪﺑﺮﺠﺗ ﻪﺑ ﯽﮔدﻮﺸﮔ 52 /3 62 /0 60 /3 63 /0 6 ﺖﻔﺻ باﺮﻄﺿا 71 /2 79 /0 69 /2 75 /0 7 ﺖﻔﺻ ﯽﮔدﺮﺴﻓا 43 /2 86 /0 78 /2 84 /0 لوﺪﺟ 3 . هدﺮﺧ نﺎﯿﻣ ﯽﮕﺘﺴﺒﻤﻫ سﺎﯿﻘﻣ يﺎﻫ 5 ﺪﻟﻮﮔ ﺖﯿﺼﺨﺷ گرﺰﺑ ﻞﻣﺎﻋ گﺮﺑ )1 ( )2 ( )3 ( )4 ( )5 ( نوﺮﺑ ) ﯽﯾاﺮﮔ 1( 1 ) ﻖﻓاﻮﺗ 2( * 225 /0 1 ﻪﻔﯿﻇو ) ﯽﺳﺎﻨﺷ 3( 037 /0 * 317 /0 1 ) ﯽﻧﺎﺠﯿﻫ يراﺪﯾﺎﭘ 4( * 195 /0 044 /0 * 172 /0 1 ) ﻪﺑﺮﺠﺗ ﻪﺑ ﯽﮔدﻮﺸﮔ 5( * 107 /0 * 426 /0 * 216 /0 056 /0 - 1

* P≤ /001

(6)
(7)

260 / ﻦﯿﺘﻣ ،يﻮﺳﻮﻣ يﺪﺠﺴﻣ ،هاﻮﺧ

ﯽﻣ ﯽﻣ رﺎﻈﺘﻧا ﻦﯾاﺮﺑﺎﻨﺑ ،ﺪﻨﯾآ نوﺮﺑ ،ﯽﻧﺎﺠﯿﻫ يراﺪﯾﺎﭘ دور

ﯾاﺮﮔ و ﯽ

ﻪﻔﯿﻇو فﺮﺼﻣ ﺎﺑ ﯽﺳﺎﻨﺷ .ﺪﻨﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﺷاد سﻮﮑﻌﻣ طﺎﺒﺗرا رﺎﮕﯿﺳ

ﻪﺑ ﻪﺘﻓﺎﯾ ﯽﻠﮐ رﻮﻃ ﯽﮔﮋﯾو طﺎﺒﺗرا صﻮﺼﺧ رد دﻮﺟﻮﻣ يﺎﻫ

يﺎﻫ

ﻪﭽﻧآ .ﺖﺳا ﻦﮕﻤﻫﺎﻧ ﺮﮕﯾﺪﮑﯾ ﺎﺑ يﺪﺣ ﺎﺗ رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ و ﯽﺘﯿﺼﺨﺷ ﺶﯿﺑ زا ﻪﺘﻓﺎﯾ ﺮﺗ گرﺰﺑ ﻞﻣﺎﻋ ﺞﻨﭘ ﻪﯾﺮﻈﻧ ﻦﺘﻣ و ﯽﺸﻫوﮋﭘ يﺎﻫ

ﯽﻣ طﺎﺒﻨﺘﺳا ﺖﯿﺼﺨﺷ ناور ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا رﺎﻈﺘﻧا ﻦﯾا ،دﻮﺷ

ﮔرﻮﺠﻧر ،ﯽﯾاﺮ

اﺮﮔ نوﺮﺑ و ﻖﻓاﻮﺗ و ﻢﯿﻘﺘﺴﻣ طﺎﺒﺗرا ﻪﺑﺮﺠﺗ ﻪﺑ ﯽﮔدﻮﺸﮔ و ﯽﯾ

ﻪﻔﯿﻇو رد .ﺪﻨﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﺷاد رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ ﺎﺑ سﻮﮑﻌﻣ طﺎﺒﺗرا ﯽﺳﺎﻨﺷ طﺎﺒﺗرا و ﻪﺑﺮﺠﺗ ﻪﺑ ﯽﮔدﻮﺸﮔ ﻢﯿﻘﺘﺴﻣ طﺎﺒﺗرا ﺮﺿﺎﺣ ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ

ﻪﻔﯿﻇو و ﻖﻓاﻮﺗ سﻮﮑﻌﻣ هوﺮﮔ ود .ﺪﺷ ﺪﯿﯾﺄﺗ رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ ﺎﺑ ﯽﺳﺎﻨﺷ

ناور رد ﻫ ،ﺪﻨﺘﺷاد توﺎﻔﺗ ﺮﮕﯾﺪﮑﯾ ﺎﺑ ﺰﯿﻧ ﯽﯾاﺮﮔرﻮﺠﻧر ﯾا ﺪﻨﭼﺮ

توﺎﻔﺗ .ﺪﯿﺳﺮﻧ يرﺎﻣآ ظﺎﺤﻟ ﻪﺑ لﻮﺒﻗ ﻞﺑﺎﻗ بﺎﺼﻧ ﺪﺣ ﻪﺑ توﺎﻔﺗ ﺮﺑ رد يرﺎﮕﯿﺳﺮﯿﻏ و يرﺎﮕﯿﺳ هوﺮﮔ ود رﺎﻈﺘﻧا فﻼﺧﺮﺑ ﻦﺘﺷاﺪﻧ و

ن

ناور و ﯽﯾاﺮﮔ ﯽﯾاﺮﮔرﻮﺠﻧر

_ يﺮﮕﯾد ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ رد ﻪﺘﺒﻟا ﻪﮐ ]

13 [ ﺰﯿﻧ

ﺖﺳا هﺪﺷ شراﺰﮔ

_

ﯽﻣ ﺪﻧاﻮﺗ ﻪﻧﻮﻤﻧ تﻼﮑﺸﻣ ﻞﯿﻟد ﻪﺑ د يﺮﯿﮔ

ر

توﺎﻔﺗ ،سﺮﺘﺳد ﻪﻫﺮﺑ رد هﺮﻣزور ﯽﮔﺪﻧز يﺎﻫرﺎﺸﻓ ﺎﯾ ﯽﮕﻨﻫﺮﻓ يﺎﻫ

ﻪﻧارﺎﯾ فﺬﺣ ﻪﻧﻮﻤﻧ ياﺮﺑ) يﺮﯿﮔ ﻪﻧﻮﻤﻧ ﯽﻧﺎﻣز ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ .ﺪﺷﺎﺑ (ﺎﻫ

ﻫ يﺎ

ﯽﻣ صﻮﺼﺧ ﻦﯾا رد ﯽﺗآ ﻪﺘﻓﺎﯾ ﯽﻨﮕﻤﻫﺎﻧ يﺎﺸﮕﻫار ﺪﻧاﻮﺗ

يﺎﻫ

.ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﻨﯿﻣز ﻦﯾا ﯽﺸﻫوﮋﭘ باﺮﻄﺿا ﻪﮔر داد نﺎﺸﻧ ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ ﺮﮕﯾد ﻪﺘﻓﺎﯾ ﺰﯿﻧ ﯽﮔدﺮﺴﻓا ﻪﮔر و

ﯽﻣ ﺶﯿﭘ ار رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ ﺪﻨﻧاﻮﺗ ﻖﯿﻗد نﺎﯿﺑ ﻪﺑ .ﺪﻨﯾﺎﻤﻧ ﯽﻨﯿﺑ

ﺗ ﻪﮔر ﺮ

رد ار رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ لﺎﻤﺘﺣا ﻻﺎﺑ ﯽﮔدﺮﺴﻓا ﻪﮔر و ﻦﯿﺋﺎﭘ باﺮﻄﺿا ﯽﻣ ﺶﯾاﺰﻓا دﺮﻓ ﻢﻫ .ﺪﻫد

،ﻪﺘﻓﺎﯾ ﻦﯾا ﺎﺑ ﻮﺳ يﺮﮕﯾد ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ

] 31 [

ﯽﻣ باﺮﻄﺿا ﻪﮔر داد نﺎﺸﻧ ﻪﻠﺑﺎﻘﻣ مﺰﯿﻧﺎﮑﻣ ﮏﯾ ناﻮﻨﻋ ﻪﺑ ﺪﻧاﻮﺗ

ا ي

ﻪﻧﺎﺸﻧ ﺎﺑ ﻪﻬﺟاﻮﻣ رد ﯽﺘﯾﺎﻤﺣ ﯽﺘﺧﺎﻨﺷ .ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﯽﮕﺘﺴﺑاو يﺎﻫ

ﭘ ﺶﻫوﮋ

ﺮﮕﯾد رد ﻢﺸﺧ ﺖﻔﺻ و ،نﺎﻧز رد ﺎﻬﻨﺗ ،باﺮﻄﺿا ﻪﮔر داد نﺎﺸﻧ ﺰﯿﻧ رد .ﺖﺳا ﻂﺒﺗﺮﻣ نﺪﯿﺸﮐ رﺎﮕﯿﺳ ﺎﺑ رادﺎﻨﻌﻣ رﻮﻃ ﻪﺑ ﺲﻨﺟ ود ﺮﻫ نﺎﺸﻧ ﺰﯿﻧ رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ و ﯽﮔدﺮﺴﻓا ﻪﮔر نﺎﯿﻣ طﺎﺒﺗرا صﻮﺼﺧ ﯽﻣ ﯽﮔدﺮﺴﻓا ﻪﮔر ﺖﺳا هﺪﺷ هداد هﺎﺗﻮﮐ نﺎﻣز ﺪﻧاﻮﺗ

ﺖﺸﮔزﺎﺑ ﺮﺗ

ﺶﯿﭘ ار رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ ﺪﯾﺎﻤﻧ ﯽﻨﯿﺑ

] 19 [ ﻪﺘﻓﺎﯾ ﻦﯾا ﻦﯿﯿﺒﺗ رد . ﺎﻫ

نﺎﻤﻫ ﻪﺑ باﺮﻄﺿا ﻪﮔر ،ﺪﺷ نﺎﯿﺑ ﻪﮐ رﻮﻃ مﺰﯿﻧﺎﮑﻣ ﮏﯾ ترﻮﺻ

ﻪﻠﺑﺎﻘﻣ باﺮﻄﺿا ﻪﮔر ياراد دﺮﻓ ،هدﺮﮐ ﻞﻤﻋ ﯽﺘﺧﺎﻨﺷ يا ﻪﺑ ﻻﺎﺑ

رد و ﺖﺳا سﺎﺴﺣ رﺎﯿﺴﺑ شرﺎﺘﻓر يﺎﻫﺪﻣﺎﯿﭘ و ﺎﻫرﺎﺘﻓر طﺎﺒﺗرا ﺶﯿﭘ ،هدﺮﮐ ﺮﮑﻓ شرﺎﺘﻓر يﺎﻫﺪﻣﺎﯿﭘ صﻮﺼﺧ ﯽﻣ ﯽﻨﯿﺑ

ﺪﯾﺎﻤﻧ ﺎﺑ .

ﻧﺎﮑﻣ ﻦﯿﻨﭼ ﯽﻣ رﺎﻈﺘﻧا ﯽﻣﺰﯿ ﻪﮔر ﻪﮐ يدﺮﻓ رد رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ دور

ﻦﯿﯾﺎﭘ دراد ﻻﺎﺑ باﺮﻄﺿا ،ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﺮﺗ

ﯽﻣ وا ﻪﮐ اﺮﭼ ﻨﻣ يﺎﻫﺪﻣﺎﯿﭘ ﺪﻧاﻮﺗ

ﯽﻔ

ﻪﺑ ار نﺪﯿﺸﮐ رﺎﮕﯿﺳ ﺶﯿﭘ ﯽﺘﺳرد

راد دﺮﻓ ﻞﺑﺎﻘﻣ رد .ﺪﻨﮐ ﯽﻨﯿﺑ يا

باﺮﻄﺿا ﻪﮔر ﻢﮐ و ﺖﺴﯿﻧ شرﺎﺘﻓر يﺎﻫﺪﻣﺎﯿﭘ ناﺮﮕﻧ ﯽﻠﯿﺧ ﻦﯿﯾﺎﭘ

ﺗ ﺮ

ﺶﯿﭘ ﻪﺑ يرﺎﺘﻓر يﺎﻫﺪﻣﺎﯿﭘ ﯽﻨﯿﺑ ا

لﺎﻤﺘﺣا ﻦﯾاﺮﺑﺎﻨﺑ ،دراد ﻪﻗﻼﻋ ش

ﯽﻣ ﻢﯿﻘﺘﺴﻣ طﺎﺒﺗرا درﻮﻣ رد .ﺪﯾﺎﻤﻧ ﻪﺑﺮﺠﺗ ار رﺎﮕﯿﺳ يدﺮﻓ ﻦﯿﻨﭼ دور

ﯽﮔدﺮﺴﻓا ﻪﮔر ﯽﻣ ﺰﯿﻧ نﺪﯿﺸﮐرﺎﮕﯿﺳ ﺎﺑ

ﺖﻔﮔ ناﻮﺗ ﺶﯾاﺮﮔ

ﺺﺨﺷ

ﯽﻣ ﻢﻫاﺮﻓ ار نﺪﯿﺸﮐ رﺎﮕﯿﺳ ﻪﻨﯿﻣز ،ﯽﻔﻨﻣ ﻖﻠﺧ ﻪﺑﺮﺠﺗ ﻪﺑ وآ

ﻪﭽﻧآ .در

ﯽﻣ ﻦﻫذ ﻪﺑ ﻦﯾا ﺪﺳر

ﻪﮔر ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﯽﮑﯾدﺰﻧ طﺎﺒﺗرا باﺮﻄﺿا

ﺑ ﻞﻣﺎﻋ ﺎ

ﻪﻔﯿﻇو ﻞﻣﺎﻋ ﺎﺑ ﯽﮑﯾدﺰﻧ طﺎﺒﺗرا ﯽﮔدﺮﺴﻓا ﻪﮔر و ﯽﺳﺎﻨﺷ ناور

و باﺮﻄﺿا ﻪﮔر ﺮﺿﺎﺣ ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ رد .ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﺷاد ﯽﯾاﺮﮔرﻮﺠﻧر ﻪﻔﯿﻇو ﻪﺑ ﺪﻨﺘﺴﻧاﻮﺗ ود ﺮﻫ ﯽﺳﺎﻨﺷ رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ سﻮﮑﻌﻣ ترﻮﺻ

ار

ﺶﯿﭘ ﻪﺘﻓﺎﯾ ،رﺎﻈﺘﻧا فﻼﺧﺮﺑ ﺪﻨﭼ ﺮﻫ .ﺪﻨﯾﺎﻤﻧ ﯽﻨﯿﺑ ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ يﺎﻫ

ﺮﺿﺎﺣ

ناور ﻢﯿﻘﺘﺴﻣ طﺎﺒﺗرا ﺖﺴﻧاﻮﺘﻧ ﻧ ار نﺪﯿﺸﮐرﺎﮕﯿﺳ و ﯽﯾاﺮﮔرﻮﺠﻧر

نﺎﺸ

ﯽﮔدﺮﺴﻓا ﻪﮔر و نﺪﯿﺸﮐ رﺎﮕﯿﺳ رادﺎﻨﻌﻣ طﺎﺒﺗرا ،ﺪﻫد د نﺎﺸﻧ ار

.دا

ﯽﮔدﺮﺴﻓا ﻪﮔر ﺖﺳا ﻦﮑﻤﻣ ﻞﻣﺎﻋ زا ﯽﮑﭼﻮﮐ ﻪﻋﻮﻤﺠﻣ ﺮﯾز

ناور ﺶﯿﭘ ار نﺪﯿﺸﮐ رﺎﮕﯿﺳ ﺪﻧاﻮﺘﺑ ﺮﺘﻬﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﯽﯾاﺮﮔرﻮﺠﻧر ﯽﻨﯿﺑ

ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ .ﺪﯾﺎﻤﻧ ﯽﻣ ﻪﻨﯿﻣز ﻦﯾا رد ﯽﺗآ يﺎﻫ

.ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﺎﺸﮕﻫار ﺪﻧاﻮﺗ

ﺶﯿﭘ ار رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ ﺖﺴﻧاﻮﺗ ﺰﯿﻧ ﺖﯿﺴﻨﺟ ﺮﺿﺎﺣ ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ رد ﺑ

ﯽﻨﯿ

ﺑ ﻪﺑ ،ﺪﯾﺎﻤﻧ ﺶﯿﺑ نﺎﻧز ﻪﺑ ﺖﺒﺴﻧ نادﺮﻣ ﺮﮕﯾد نﺎﯿ ﺼﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺮﺗ

رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮ

ﯽﻣ يور .ﺪﻧروآ ﻢﯿﮐ ] 32 [ ﻪﻘﺑﺎﺳ ،ناﺮﺘﺧد ﻪﺑ ﺖﺒﺴﻧ ناﺮﺴﭘ داد نﺎﺸﻧ

ﺶﯿﺑ فﺮﺼﻣ ناﺰﯿﻣ و ﺪﻧراد تﺎﯿﻧﺎﺧد فﺮﺼﻣ رد يﺮﺗ ﻻﺎﺑ ﺰﯿﻧ نﺎﺷ

ﺮﺗ

ﺰﯿﻧ ناﺮﯾا رد .ﺖﺳا ]6

[ ﺶﯿﺑ ﺮﺴﭘ نﺎﯾﻮﺠﺸﻧاد رد رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ ﺗ

.ﺖﺳا ﺮﺘﺧد نﺎﯾﻮﺠﺸﻧاد زا ﯽﻗﺮﺗ

هﺎﺟ ] 33 [ ﺖﯿﺴﻨﺟ داد نﺎﺸﻧ ﺰﯿﻧ

ﻣرﺎﻬﭼ ﺶﯿﭘ ﻦﯿ ﻦﯾﺪﺑ ،ﺖﺳا رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ ﻦﯿﺑ ﻤﺘﺣا ﻪﮐ ترﻮﺻ

لﺎ

ناﺮﺘﺧد زا ﺮﺘﺸﯿﺑ ناﺮﺴﭘ رد فﺮﺼﻣ ﻪﺘﻓﺎﯾ ﻦﯾا ﻦﯿﯿﺒﺗ رد .ﺖﺳا

ﯽﻣ ﻪﺑ نﺪﯿﺸﮐ رﺎﮕﯿﺳ .دﺮﮐ هرﺎﺷا ﮓﻨﻫﺮﻓ ﺶﻘﻧ ﻪﺑ ناﻮﺗ ﯾو

رد هﮋ

ﺶﯿﺑ ﺎﻣ ﮓﻨﻫﺮﻓ ﻦﯿﻤﻫ ﺪﯾﺎﺷ و ﻪﻧﺎﻧز ﺎﺗ ﺖﺳا ﻪﻧادﺮﻣ يرﺎﺘﻓر ﺮﺗ

ﺐﻟﺎﻗ ﯽﺘﺨﺳ ﺎﺑ ﻪﻬﺟاﻮﻣ رد نادﺮﻣ دﻮﺷ ﺚﻋﺎﺑ ﯽﮕﻨﻫﺮﻓ يﺎﻫ و ﺎﻫ

ﺖﺣار تﻼﮑﺸﻣ ﻦﮑﻤﻣ ﺮﮕﯾد ﻦﯿﯿﺒﺗ .ﺪﻧروآ يور رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺮﺗ

ﺷﺎﺑ ﻦﯾا ﺖﺳا ﯽﮔﮋﯾو ﺮﻈﻧ زا نﺎﻧز و نادﺮﻣ ﻪﮐ ﺪ

ﮐ ﯽﺘﯿﺼﺨﺷ يﺎﻫ ﻪ

.ﺪﻨﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﺷاد توﺎﻔﺗ ﺮﮕﯾﺪﮑﯾ ﺎﺑ ،ﺖﺳا ﻂﺒﺗﺮﻣ رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﻓﺎﯾ ﺪﯿﯾﺄﺗ ترﻮﺻ رد ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ ﺮﮕﯾد رد ﺮﺿﺎﺣ ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ يﺎﻫ

و ﺎﻫ

مﺰﯿﻧﺎﮑﻣ ﯽﯾﺎﺳﺎﻨﺷ ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ ﺎﺑ نﺪﯿﺸﮐرﺎﮕﯿﺳ رد ﻞﯿﺧد يﺎﻫ

يﺎﻫ

ﺶﯿﺑ ﯽﻣ ،ﻪﻨﯿﻣز ﻦﯾا رد ﺮﺗ ﻪﺑ ناﻮﺗ

ﺶﯿﭘ رﻮﻈﻨﻣ ﺪﻣ يﺮﯿﮔ

ﻼﺧا ﯽﺗ

ﻪﮔر ﺮﺛا مﺰﯿﻧﺎﮑﻣ درﻮﻣ رد ﻪﮐ ﻪﭽﻧآ ﺮﮔا لﺎﺜﻣ ياﺮﺑ .داد مﺎﺠﻧا باﺮﻄﺿا ،ﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﻔﮔ نﺪﯿﺸﮐ رﺎﮕﯿﺳ رﺎﺘﻓر رد ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ ﺮﮕﯾد رد

ﺰﯿﻧ ﺎﻫ

ﯽﻣ ،دﻮﺷ ﺪﯿﯾﺄﺗ ﯽﻨﯿﯾﺎﭘ ﺪﺣ رد ﯽﮔﮋﯾو ﻦﯾا ﺮﻈﻧ زا ﻪﮐ يداﺮﻓا ﻪﺑ ناﻮﺗ

ﮏﯿﻨﮑﺗ ،ﺪﻨﺘﺴﻫ ﺶﯿﭘ ناﻮﺗ ﻪﮐ داد شزﻮﻣآ ار ﯽﯾﺎﻫ

ﯽﻨﯿﺑ ﻨﮐ ﯽﮔﺪﻨ

رﺎﺘﻓر يﺎﻫﺪﻣﺎﯿﭘ ﯽﻣ ﺶﯾاﺰﻓا ار

هﻮﯿﺷ شزﻮﻣآ ﺎﺑ ﺎﯾ ،ﺪﻫد ﻓا ﻪﺑ ﯽﯾﺎﻫ

داﺮ

ﯽﮔدﺮﺴﻓا ﻪﮔر ﺎﺑ ﻪﻨﯿﻣز ﺖﻟﻼﻣ ﺮﺑ ﻪﺒﻠﻏ ياﺮﺑ ﻻﺎﺑ

ﺼﻣ زا ،دﻮﺧ يا فﺮ

ﺶﯿﭘ نﺎﻧآ رد رﺎﮕﯿﺳ .دﺮﮐ يﺮﯿﮔ

ﮕﯿﺳ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺷاد ﻪﺟﻮﺗ ﺪﯾﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﺒﻟا رﺎ

،ﯽﻧﺎﺴﻧا يﺎﻫرﺎﺘﻓر ﺮﮕﯾد ﺪﻨﻧﺎﻣ نﺪﯿﺸﮐ ﮏﺗ ﺖﻠﻋ

و دراﺪﻧ يﺪﺣاو

ﯽﻣﺎﻤﺗ ﺪﯾﺎﺑ ،ﺮﺛﺆﻣ ﻪﻠﺧاﺪﻣ ياﺮﺑ ﻪﻣادا و عوﺮﺷ رد ﻞﯿﺧد ﻞﻣاﻮﻋ

ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ ﺪﻨﻣزﺎﯿﻧ ﺮﻣا ﻦﯾا و ﺖﻓﺮﮔ ﺮﻈﻧ رد ار نﺪﯿﺸﮐ رﺎﮕﯿﺳ ﺎﻫ

ي

ﺶﯿﺑ ﻖﯿﻗد و ﺮﺗ مﺰﯿﻧﺎﮑﻣ ﯽﯾﺎﺳﺎﻨﺷ ياﺮﺑ ﺮﺗ

ﯿﻣز ﻦﯾا رد ﺮﺛا يﺎﻫ ﻪﻨ

ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ دﻮﺒﻤﮐ و سﺮﺘﺳد رد يﺮﯿﮔ ﻪﻧﻮﻤﻧ شور .ﺖﺳا ﻪﺑﺎﺸﻣ يﺎﻫ

مﺎﺠﻧا ﺖﯾدوﺪﺤﻣ زا ،ناﺮﯾا رد هﺪﺷ .دﻮﺑ ﺮﺿﺎﺣ ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ يﺎﻫ

ﻪﺠﯿﺘﻧ

يﺮﯿﮔ

ﯽﮔﮋﯾو ﯽﺧﺮﺑ ﯽﻟو ،ﺖﺳا طﺎﺒﺗرا رد رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ ﺎﺑ ﯽﺘﯿﺼﺨﺷ يﺎﻫ

ﻪﺘﻓﺎﯾ ﯽﻨﮕﻤﻫﺎﻧ ﻞﯿﻟد ﻪﺑ ﯽﺳرﺮﺑ ﻪﺑ ،ﯽﺸﻫوﮋﭘ يﺎﻫ

ﺶﯿﺑ يﺎﻫ ﺗ رد يﺮ

ﯽﮔدﺮﺴﻓا ﻪﮔر .ﺖﺳا زﺎﯿﻧ ﻪﻨﯿﻣز ﻦﯾا ﻪﻨﯿﻣز ﻞﻣﺎﻋ

ﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ زﺎﺳ رﺎﮕ

ﻪﻠﺑﺎﻘﻣ مﺰﯿﻧﺎﮑﻣ ﮏﯾ ترﻮﺻ ﻪﺑ باﺮﻄﺿا ﻪﮔر و ﺖﺳا ﺘﺧﺎﻨﺷ يا

هرود ،يرﺎﺘﻓر مﻮﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﺠﻣ 7

(8)

ﯽﻣ ﯽﺘﯾﺎﻤﺣ رﺎﮕﯿﺳ فﺮﺼﻣ ﻊﻧﺎﻣ ﺪﻧاﻮﺗ

.دﻮﺷ

ﺮﮑﺸﺗ :ﯽﻧادرﺪﻗ و

ﻦﯾﺪﺑ ﻠﯿﺳو ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ ﺰﮐﺮﻣ زا ﻪ و ﻞﺳ يﺎﻫ

يرﺎﻤﯿﺑ ﯽﻟﺎﻣ ﺖﯾﺎﻤﺣ ياﺮﺑ يرﻮﺸﻧاد ﺢﯿﺴﻣ نﺎﺘﺳرﺎﻤﯿﺑ يﻮﯾر يﺎﻫ ﻢﻫ ،ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ زا

ﺮﺘﮐد نﺎﯾﺎﻗآ بﺎﻨﺟ ،ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ نارﺎﮑﻤﻫ ﻦﯿﻨﭼ

يﻮﺳﻮﻣ ﺪﯿﺣو ،ﯽﻧﺪﻌﻣ ﺎﺿرﺪﻤﺤﻣ زا ﺰﯿﻧ ،ﯽﻧﺎﻀﻣر ﯽﻠﻋ و رواد

ﺶﺳﺮﭘ ﷲا هﺪﯿﻌﺳ ﻢﻧﺎﺧرﺎﮐﺮﺳ ،مﺮﺘﺤﻣ ﺮﮔ و يداد

ﮐ ﯽﻧﺎﯾﻮﺠﺸﻧاد ﻪ

ﯽﻣ ﯽﻧادرﺪﻗ ﻪﻧﺎﻤﯿﻤﺻ ،ﺪﻧدﺮﮐ يرﺎﯾ ﺶﻫوﮋﭘ مﺎﺠﻧا رد ار ﺎﻣ .دﻮﺷ

ﻊﺑﺎﻨﻣ

1. Dimatteo M. The psychology of health. California: Brooks/ Cole Publication Company; 1991.

2. Tobacco use United States. Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 1999.

3. Rekve R. Prevalence of smoking among high school students and teachers in Hamar. Tidss Nor laegeforen. 2000; 120(14):1637-8.

4. Mohammad K, Noorbala AA, Karimlu M, Majdzade SR. Changing process of prevalence of smoking in Iran (1991-99), based on two national projects of health and disease. Hakim Med J. 2000; 3(4):290-4. [Persian]

5. Heidari G, Sharifi H, Hosseini M, Masjedi M. The effect of family in student’s smoking in Tehran. J Med Couns Islam Repub Iran. 2003; 24(1):24-31. [Persian]

6. Masjedi M, Azaripour Masoule H, Heidari G, Alinezhad Taheri S, Velayati A. Prevalence of smoking in Tehran university students. J Med Couns Islam Repub Iran. 2007; 20(4):283-87. [Persian] 7. Munafo M, Johnstone E, Murphy M, Walton R. New directions in the genetic mechanisms underlying nicotine addiction. Addict Biol. 2001; 6(2):109-17.

8. Bush T, Richardson L, W K, Russo J, Lozano P, McCauley E, et al. Anxiety and depressive disorders are associated with smoking in adolescents with asthma. J Adolesc Health. 2007; 40(5):425-32. 9. Breslau N, Novak S, Kessler R. Psychiatric disorders and stages of smoking. Biol Psychiatr. 2004; 55(1):69-76.

10. Gilbert D. The situation-trait adaptive response (STAR) model of drug use, effects, and craving. Hum Psychophath. 1997; 12(8):89-102.

11. Munafo M, Black S. Personality and smoking status: A longitudinal analysis. Nicotine Tobacco Res. 2006; 9(3):397-404.

12. Heath A, Madden P. Genetic influence on smoking behavior. In: Turner J, Cardon, LR, Hewitt, JK, editor. Behavior Genetic Approaches in Behavioral Medicine New York: Plenum Press; 1995.

13. McCann SJ. Longevity, big five personality factors, and health behaviors. J Psychol. 2005; 139(3):273-86.

14. Azizi A, Mirzaee A, Shams J. Relationship of emotional regulation and smoking dependence in university students. Hakim Med J. 2010; 13(1): -11. [Persian]

15. Rezvanfard M, Ekhtiyari M, Mokri A, Kaviani H. Relationship of personality characters and impulsivity with nicotine dependence in smoking individuals. Adv Cogn Sci. 2008; 9(4):33-49. [Persian]

16. Farzinrad B, Asgharnejad Farid A, Yekke Yazdandoust R, M HA. Comparison of copying strategies and personality styles in depressed and non-depressed students. J Behav Sci. 2010; 4(1):17-21. [Persian]

17. Ghalebi-Hajivand R, Ahmadi A, Kakavand A. Investigation of the humor styles as moderators relationship between the big five personality and general health. J Behav Sci. 2012; 6(1):79-85. [Persian]

18. Schmutte P, Ryff C. Personality and well-being: What is the connection? J Pers Soc Psychol. 1997; 73(3):549-59.

19. Gilbert D, Crauthers D, Mooney D, McClernon F, Jensen R. Effects of monetary contingencies on smoking relapse: Influences of trait depression, personality, and habitual nicotine intake. Exper Clin Psychophath. 1999; 7(2):174-81.

20. Beck A, Ward C, Mendelson M, J M, Erbaugh J. An inventory for measuring depression. Arch Gen Psychiatr. 1961; 4:561-71.

21. Hamilton M. A rating scale for depression. J Neurosurg Psychiatr. 1960; 23(1):56-62.

22. Costello C, Comrey A. Scales for measuring depression and anxiety. J Psychol. 1967; 66(2):303-13.

23. Ghorbani N, Bing M, Watson P, Davison H, Mack D. Self-reported emotional intelligence: Construct similarity and functional dissimilarity of higher-order processing in Iran and the United States. Int J Psychol. 2002; 73( 5):297-308.

24. Goldberg L. A broad-bandwidth, public domain, personality inventory measuring the lower-level facets of several five-factor models. In: Personality psychology in Europe [Internet]. The Netherlands: Tilburg University Press; 1999.

25. Ghorbani N, Watson P. Pathological narcissism in Iranian and American students. Contemp psychol. 1385; 1(1):20-8. [Persian]

26. Ghorbani N, Watson P, Gharamaleki A, Morris R, Hood R. Muslim-Chritian Religious Orientation Scales: Distinctions, Correlations, and Cross- Cultural Analysis in Iran and the United States. Int J Psychol Relig. 2002; 12(2):69-91.

27. Harakeh Z, Scholte R, De Vries H, Engels R. Association between personality and adolescent smoking. Addict Behav. 2006; 32(2):232-45. 28. Munafo M, Zetteler J, Clark T. Personality and smoking status: A meta-analysis. Nicotine Tobacco Res. 2007; 9(3):397-404.

(9)

262 / ﻦﯿﺘﻣ ،يﻮﺳﻮﻣ يﺪﺠﺴﻣ ،هاﻮﺧ

30. Mousavi A ,Matin Khah F, Asef F. Comparison of psychological symptoms in smokers, non-smokers and non-smokers referring for cessation. Knowled Res Appl Psychol. 2011; 12(1):66-75. [Persian]

31. Abdel Moneim H, Bishry Abdel H, El-Rasheed Abdel H, Heba Hamed E, Abdel Rahman S. State-trait anxiety and smoking abstinence. Mid East Curr

Psychiatr. 2012; 19 (1):8-11.

32. Kim Y. Korean adolescents' smoking behavior and its correlation with psychological variables. Addict Behav. 2005; 30(2):343-50.

33. Taraghijah S, Hamdiye M ,Yaghubi N. Study of predictive factors of smoking and waterpipe in governmental universities. Res J Med Couns. 2011; 34(4):249-56. [Persian]

هرود ،يرﺎﺘﻓر مﻮﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﺠﻣ 7

Figure

Updating...

References