Subject: Technical English -I
Topics to be covered in Topic 3
Grammar: Basic English Grammar and
Parts of speech
There are mainly eight parts of speech, which are
• A noun is a naming word. A noun is the name of a
Examples of nouns: Daniel, London, table, dog,
teacher, pen, city, happiness, hope.
The noun which is used to name a specific
Proper noun begins with a capital letter.
• Examples of pronoun:
They like Anthony.
Common nouns are used to name a
• general type of person
• Examples of common nouns: girl, city,
animal, friend, house, food.
His friend accompanies him.
It is the name of
Example of material noun: water, iron, steel, sugar, wood.
Protein is critical for energy.
It is the name given to a
Examples of collective noun: mob, nation, people
Everyone in the audience applauded loudly
when Elvis appeared on stage.
It is the name of things that could be experienced through the
five senses, such as sight,
smell, hearing, taste, and touch, that
Example of concrete nouns: sunrise, fragrance, sweet, rain.
Would someone please answer the phone?
In the sentence above, the noun phone is a concrete noun:
you can touch it, see it, hear it, and maybe even smell it or
• It is usually the name of a
considered apart from the object .
EXAMPLES OF ABSTRACT NOUNS
Honesty is a best policy.
A pronoun is a word that
replaces a noun
Example of pronoun:
-Rohan is my friend. Rohan is very intelligent.
Rohan is my friend. He is very intelligent.
Personal pronouns are used in place of the
of the sentence. Personal pronoun describes the
The first person (I, me , we, us).
- The Second person (
- The third person or thing spoken about (he, she,
it, they, hi, her, them).
Possessive Pronouns are those pronouns that indicate
• Example of possessive pronoun:
The house is theirs and its paint is flaking.
Here, the possessive pronoun is theirs.
• Pronouns that point to specific things:
Examples of demonstrative pronoun:
This is an apple.
• Relative pronouns introduce relative clauses. The
most common relative pronouns are
• Example of relative pronoun:
The cyclist who won the race trained hard.
Here, the relative pronoun is who.
• We use interrogative pronouns to ask questions.
These are also known as wh-words.
• Examples of interrogative pronoun:
Who called last night?
• Reflexive pronouns end in
refer back to the subject forms of personal
• Example of reflexive pronoun:
We didn’t decorate it ourselves. Someone else
did it for us.
• Words that
describe a noun
are called adjectives.
Examples of adjectives:
-Since it’s a hot day, Lisa is wearing a sleeveless.
-They live in a big, beautiful house.
Types of adjectives
Adjective of Quality
• Words such as
give us information about the quality of the noun.
They are called adjectives of quality.