CARBOHYDRATES CHEMISTRY, lecture for 1st year M B B S . delivered by Dr mohammad waseem kausar

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@r ASNFAAF@ UFZCCA KFSZF_  @r ASNFAAF@ UFZCCA KFSZF_  Fzzdzpfhp rmlczzmr( Odm!jncadzprt Fzzdzpfhp rmlczzmr( Odm!jncadzprt D A @ J( D A @ J(

Jfromnt`rfpcz jncadzprt

Jfromnt`rfpcz jncadzprt

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Jfromnt`rfpc

Jfromnt`rfpc

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 ‚   ‚  Jcii zprsjpsrc7Jcii zprsjpsrc7  ‚ 

 ‚  Jciisimzc) IRZ) jndpdhJciisimzc) IRZ) jndpdh

Jciisimzc dh ifhp jcii ufiiz

Jciisimzc dh ifhp jcii ufiiz

Idmmitzfjjnfrd`cz .IRZ$Idmmitzfjjnfrd`cz .IRZ$ dh ofjpcrdfi jcii ufii

dh ofjpcrdfi jcii ufii

Jndpdh dh

Jndpdh dh

c~mzkcicpmh

c~mzkcicpmh

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Pnc cicachpz undjn afkc sr

Pnc cicachpz undjn afkc sr

jfomnt`fpcz fc7

jfomnt`fpcz fc7

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Zmac jfromnt`rfpcz fizm jmhpfdh H fh` Z

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Jfomnt`fpcz

Jfomnt`fpcz

   jmaamhit khmuh fz zsefrz)

jmaamhit khmuh fz zsefrz)

Zfjjnfrd`c) nt`rfpcz .N?m$ ml 

Zfjjnfrd`c) nt`rfpcz .N?m$ ml 

jfromh

jfromh

  

F_C FI@CNT@C M_ KCPMHC @C_D\FPD\CZ ML RMITNT@_DJF_C FI@CNT@C M_ KCPMHC @C_D\FPD\CZ ML RMITNT@_DJ FIJMNMIZ mr 

FIJMNMIZ mr 

   Frc mitnt`rm~tifpc

Frc mitnt`rm~tifpc` jmamsh`z udpn

` jmamsh`z udpn fp icfzp : jfromhz)

fp icfzp : jfromhz) udpn mpchpdfiit

udpn mpchpdfiit

fjpd|c

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fi`cnt`c.JNM$ m kcpmhcfi`cnt`c.JNM$ m kcpmhc .JM$ emsr

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Fz dh ufpcr (c(e `cm~trdomzcJ33NN6622MM00((

Zmsjcz

Zmsjcz

 ‚  ‚ RifhpzRifhpz  ‚  ‚ fhdafizfhdafiz

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ODMAC@DJFI DARM_PFHJC

ODMAC@DJFI DARM_PFHJC

   F |frdcpt ml lshjpdmhz dh F |frdcpt ml lshjpdmhz dh pnc jciipnc jcii  ‚ 

 ‚  Rrm|d`cz afgmrdpt ml Rrm|d`cz afgmrdpt ml chcret.0(6 kdimjfimrdcz-ea$chcret.0(6 kdimjfimrdcz-ea$  ‚ 

 ‚  Zprsjpsrfi jmamhchp ml jcii ufii(Zprsjpsrfi jmamhchp ml jcii ufii(  ‚ 

 ‚  Dh fhdafi jciiz jfromnt`rfpcz mh pnc c~pcrdmr zsrlfjc ml pnc Dh fhdafi jciiz jfromnt`rfpcz mh pnc c~pcrdmr zsrlfjc ml pnc jcii zcr|c fjcii zcr|c f rcjmehdpdmh fh` d`chpdldjfpdmh lshjpdmh

rcjmehdpdmh fh` d`chpdldjfpdmh lshjpdmh  ‚ 

 ‚  Zcr|c fz Zcr|c fz acpfomidj dhpcrac`dfpc.E!acpfomidj dhpcrac`dfpc.E!<!$<!$  ‚ 

 ‚  Jmamhchp ml hsjicmpd`cz pnfp lmra @HF ) _HFJmamhchp ml hsjicmpd`cz pnfp lmra @HF ) _HF  ‚ 

 ‚  rcjsrzmr lmr zthpnczdz ml fii pnc mpncr jfromnt`rfpcz dh pnc om`t c(e( rcjsrzmr lmr zthpnczdz ml fii pnc mpncr jfromnt`rfpcz dh pnc om`t c(e(

eitjmech) efifjpmzc) rdomzc) eitjmidd`z) eitjmrmpcdhz fh` rmpcmeitjfhz( eitjmech) efifjpmzc) rdomzc) eitjmidd`z) eitjmrmpcdhz fh` rmpcmeitjfhz(  ‚ 

 ‚  Lmr zthpnczdz ml Lmr zthpnczdz ml LF) jnmiczpcrmi) fadhm fjd`zLF) jnmiczpcrmi) fadhm fjd`z  ‚ 

 ‚  Jfromnt`rfpcz `crd|fpd|cz frc szc` fz `rsez c(e(Jfromnt`rfpcz `crd|fpd|cz frc szc` fz `rsez c(e(  ‚ 

 ‚  Rrdhjdfi zsefr dh adik) efifjpmzcRrdhjdfi zsefr dh adik) efifjpmzc  ‚ 

 ‚  Zprmhe `cpm~dldjfpdmh fechp dh om`t c(e( Zprmhe `cpm~dldjfpdmh fechp dh om`t c(e( Eisjmrmhdj fjd`Eisjmrmhdj fjd`  ‚ 

 ‚  Rift f rmic Rift f rmic dh isordjfpdmh) jciisifr dhpcrjmaashdjfpdmh) fh` daashdpt(dh isordjfpdmh) jciisifr dhpcrjmaashdjfpdmh) fh` daashdpt(  ‚ 

 ‚  @dzcfzcz zzmjdfpc` udpn jfromnt`rfpc acpfomidza dhjis`c@dzcfzcz zzmjdfpc` udpn jfromnt`rfpc acpfomidza dhjis`c @dfocpcz aciidpsz)@dfocpcz aciidpsz) efifjpmzcadf) eitjmech zpmfec `dzcfzcz) fh` ifjpmzc dhpmicfhjc

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Jfromnt`rfpcz Jifzzdldjfpdmh

Jfromnt`rfpcz Jifzzdldjfpdmh

hm zfpdzlfjpmrt jifzzdldjfpdmh(

hm zfpdzlfjpmrt jifzzdldjfpdmh(

  

ECHC_FIIT 

ECHC_FIIT 

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daic jfromnt`rfpcz

daic jfromnt`rfpcz

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?(Jmaic~ jfromnt`rfpcz

  

Mh pnc ofzdz ml nt`rmitzdz

Mh pnc ofzdz ml nt`rmitzdz

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6(Amhmzfjjnfd`cz

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0(Rmitzfjjnfd`cz(

fh` (@cd|c`

fh` (@cd|c` jfromnt`rfpcz

jfromnt`rfpcz

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Amhmzfjjnfrd`cz

Amhmzfjjnfrd`cz

Amhmzfjjnfrd`cz

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Amhmzfjjnfd`cz

Amhmzfjjnfd`cz

!Zdheic Zsef!

!Zdheic Zsef!

  Eisjmzc

Eisjmzc

Pnc Lmrasif lmr eisjmzc dz

Pnc Lmrasif lmr eisjmzc dz

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@!Lrsjpmzc

@!Lrsjpmzc

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   Pnczc frc pnc ofzdj osdi`dhe oimjkz ml mpncr 

Pnczc frc pnc ofzdj osdi`dhe oimjkz ml mpncr 

jfromnt`rfpcz

jfromnt`rfpcz

   Zdaic zsefrz

Zdaic zsefrz

   Jfh hmp oc lsrpncr nt`rmitwc`

Jfh hmp oc lsrpncr nt`rmitwc`

    Hfac

 Hfac szsfiit

szsfiit zslld~

zslld~ !

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mzc

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Cadrdjfi lmrasif dz J

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) ncrc ’ h‑ 1: mr amrc

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Jmimr iczz) undpc) zmid` jrtzpfiidhc dh hfpsrc) zmisoic

dh ufpcr) zuccp pfzpc) dhzmisoic dh hmh!mimr zmi|chp

dh ufpcr) zuccp pfzpc) dhzmisoic dh hmh!mimr zmi|chp

   Zdaiczp

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frc pum)

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frc :

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jfromh( Prdmzcz

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eitjcrfi`cnt`c , `dnt`rm~tfjcpmhc(

eitjcrfi`cnt`c , `dnt`rm~tfjcpmhc(

   Zso`d|dzdmh ml a-z

Zso`d|dzdmh ml a-z

6(Mh pnc ofzdz ml ’J‑ fpmaz(

6(Mh pnc ofzdz ml ’J‑ fpmaz(

?(Mh pnc ofzdz ml lshjpdmhfi erms(

?(Mh pnc ofzdz ml lshjpdmhfi erms(

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Jifzzdldjfpdmh ml a-z

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6(hsaocr ml jfromhz

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?(Mh pnc ofzdz ml lshjpdmhfi emsr

?(Mh pnc ofzdz ml lshjpdmhfi emsr

   Fi`mzcz fc amhmzfjjnd`cz udpn fh fi`cnt`c

Fi`mzcz fc amhmzfjjnd`cz udpn fh fi`cnt`c

emsr fh` afht nt`m~ti .!MN$ emsrz(

emsr fh` afht nt`m~ti .!MN$ emsrz(

   Kcpmzcz fc amhmzfjjnd`cz udpn f kcpmhc

Kcpmzcz fc amhmzfjjnd`cz udpn f kcpmhc

emsr fh` afht nt`m~ti .!MN$ emsrz(

emsr fh` afht nt`m~ti .!MN$ emsrz(

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Zmac rmrcpdcz ml a-z udpn clcchjc pm

Zmac rmrcpdcz ml a-z udpn clcchjc pm

eisjmzc

eisjmzc

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jndrfi Jfromh

jndrfi Jfromh

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jmhldesrfpdm

jmhldesrfpdmh ml jndrfi

h ml jndrfi J lsrpnczp fuft lrma jfromhti

J lsrpnczp fuft lrma jfromhti

erms `cpcradhcz uncpn

erms `cpcradhcz uncpncr @!

cr @! mr I!

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Jndrfidpt rsicz(

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_dhe lmrafpdmh - _dhe zprsjpsrc

_dhe lmrafpdmh - _dhe zprsjpsrc

Fh fi`mzc7 Eisjmzc

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F kcpmzc7 Lrsjpmzc

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_dhe Zprsjpsrc

_dhe Zprsjpsrc

   Idhcfr khmuh fz

Idhcfr khmuh fz ’Ldzjncr‑ zprsjpsrc‑

’Ldzjncr‑ zprsjpsrc‑

   _dhe khmu fz f

_dhe khmu fz f ’Nfumrpn rmgcjpdmh‑

’Nfumrpn rmgcjpdmh‑

Jtjidwfpdmh

Jtjidwfpdmh

|df dhprfamicjsifr ncadfjcpfi .ncadkcpfi$

|df dhprfamicjsifr ncadfjcpfi .ncadkcpfi$

lmrafpdmh

lmrafpdmh

   J!6 ocjmacz jndrfi smh jtjidwfpdmh !

J!6 ocjmacz jndrfi smh jtjidwfpdmh ! fhmacrdj jfromh

fhmacrdj jfromh

   Fhmacrdj J jmhpfdhz !MN erms undjn aft oc

Fhmacrdj J jmhpfdhz !MN erms undjn aft oc

mr 

mr 

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CRDAC_Z

CRDAC_Z

  Jfromnt`rfpc dzmacrz pnfp `dllcr 

Jfromnt`rfpc dzmacrz pnfp `dllcr 

dh jmhldesrfpdmh frmsh` mhit mhc

dh jmhldesrfpdmh frmsh` mhit mhc

zcjdldj jfromh fpma .udpn pnc

zcjdldj jfromh fpma .udpn pnc

c~jcpdmh ml pnc jfromhti jfromh$

c~jcpdmh ml pnc jfromhti jfromh$

Crdacz7 Dzmacz `dllcdhe fz f

Crdacz7 Dzmacz `dllcdhe fz f

czsip ml |fdfpdmhz

czsip ml |fdfpdmhz

dh

dh

jmhldesrfpdmh ml pnc !MN fh` !N

jmhldesrfpdmh ml pnc !MN fh` !N

mh jfromh

mh jfromh

fpmaz ?) :) fh` 0 ml eisjmzc frc

fpmaz ?) :) fh` 0 ml eisjmzc frc

khmuh fz cdacrz( ( Lmr c~faic)

khmuh fz cdacrz( ( Lmr c~faic)

eisjmzc fh` efifjpmzc frc J!0

eisjmzc fh` efifjpmzc frc J!0

cdacrz )pncdr zprsjpsrcz `dllcr 

cdacrz )pncdr zprsjpsrcz `dllcr 

mhit dh pnc mzdpdmh ml pnc !MN

mhit dh pnc mzdpdmh ml pnc !MN

erms fp jfromh 0

erms fp jfromh 0

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MRPDJFI FJPD\DPT

MRPDJFI FJPD\DPT

   Pnc rczchjc ml fztaacprdj jfromh fpmaz fizm

Pnc rczchjc ml fztaacprdj jfromh fpmaz fizm

jmhlcrz

jmhlcrz mrpdjfi fjpd|dpt mh p

mrpdjfi fjpd|dpt mh pnc jmarmsh`( Unch

nc jmarmsh`( Unch

f ocfa

f ocfa ml ifhc!mifrdwc` idenp dz fzzc` pnrmsen

ml ifhc!mifrdwc` idenp dz fzzc` pnrmsen

f zmispdmh ml fh

f zmispdmh ml fh mrpdjfi dzmac) dp udii oc mpfpc`

mrpdjfi dzmac) dp udii oc mpfpc`

cdpnc pm pnc denp)

cdpnc pm pnc denp) `c~prmrmpfpmrt .+$; mr pm pnc

`c~prmrmpfpmrt .+$; mr pm pnc

iclp) ic|mrmpfpmrt .∟$( Pnc `drcjpdmh ml rmpfpdmh dz

iclp) ic|mrmpfpmrt .∟$( Pnc `drcjpdmh ml rmpfpdmh dz

dh`cch`chp ml pnc zpcrcmjncadzprt ml pnc zsefr)

dh`cch`chp ml pnc zpcrcmjncadzprt ml pnc zsefr)

zm dp aft oc `czdehfpc` @.∟$) @.+$) I.∟$) mr I.+$(

zm dp aft oc `czdehfpc` @.∟$) @.+$) I.∟$) mr I.+$(

Lmr c~faic) pnc hfpsrfiit mjjsrrdhe lmraml 

Lmr c~faic) pnc hfpsrfiit mjjsrrdhe lmraml 

lrsjpmzc dz pnc @.∟$ dzmacr(

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References

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