Imam Mahdi Malayalam

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shfn-s∏´p

apl-ΩZv Da¿ F®v. F.

{]km-[-I¿:

Ckvemw C‚¿\m-j-W¬ ]ªn-t°-j≥

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Mahdi Imam Velippettu

(Malayalam)

Author:

Muhammed Umar H.A.

First Edition : July 1987 Copies-2000 Second Edition : Dec 1988 Copies-2000

Third Edition : Nov 1992 Copies-5000

Fourth Edition : Nov 1996 Copies-5000

Fifth Edition :Nov 2011 Copies-2000

Printed at:

Geedhanjali Printing Press, Calicut. Published by:

Islam International Publication Fort Road-kannur.

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{]km-[I Ipdn∏v

Ahkm\ ImeØv hmKvZØ alvZna-kolv temI-k-a£w \n¿h-ln-°p∂ al-Ømb c≠v Xcw ZuXy-ß-fmWv alvZn F∂pw akolv F∂p-ap≈ \ma hnti-j-W ß - f n - e p ƒ s ° m - ≠ n - c n - ° p - ∂ - X v . a k o l v F ∂ hntijWØns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ ]cn-ip-≤-\mb ssZh-Øns‚ GI-Xm-`m-h-Øn∂v `wKw hcp-Øp∂ hn[-Øn¬ IrkvXp-aXw h®p ]pe¿Øp∂ A_-≤-P-Sn-e-amb hnizm-k-ß-fpsS s]m≈-Øcw At±lw Xpd∂p Im´p-∂Xpw Ckvemans\-Xn-cn-ep≈ IS-∂m-{I-a-W-ßsf sNdp-°p-∂-Xp-am-Wv. alvZn F∂ hnti-j-W-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ apkvenw kap-Zm-bØn\v [m¿an-I-]-chpw B≤y-mfln-I-]-c-hp-amb NypXn kw`-hn-°p-Ibpw \m\m-Xcw hnizmk ssh]-co-Xy-߃ Ah-cn¬ IS∂p IqSp-Ibpw sNøp-tºmƒ Ah Zpco-I-cn-®p-sIm≠v hnip≤ Jp¿-Bs‚ bYm¿∞ aln-am-hn-emkw At±lw temIØv ÿm]n-°p-Ibpw Ckvemw aX-Øns‚ bi v Db¿Øn-°m-´p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xm-Wv. Npcp-°-Øn¬ {]h-Nn-°-s∏´ alm-flmhv Htc hy‡n-bm-sW∂pw alØmb ZuXy-]q¿Øo-I-c-W-amWv At±lw aptJ\ temI-Øp-≠m-IpI F∂pw Zo¿L-Z¿i-\-ß-fn¬ \ n ∂ p w k p h n - Z n - X - a m - I p ∂ p ≠ v . A h - k m \ I m e Ø v tam£hpw c£bpw At±lw aptJ\Øs∂-bm-bn-cn°pw D≠m-IpI F∂pw {]h-N-\-ß-fn¬ ]d-bp∂p. AXp sIm≠mWv alvZn-Camw BK-X-\m-bm¬ Fs‚ kemw At±-l-Øn\v FØn-°m\pw a™p-I-´-bn¬ Cg™p sN∂n-s´-¶nepw At±-l-Øn\v ss_AØv sNøm\pw \_n (k) Xncp-ta\n apkvenw kap-Zm-b-tØmSv \njvI¿jn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. alvZn-C-am-ans\ Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂-Xn\v AS-bm-f-ß-fpsS hy‡-amb Hcp Nn{Xw Xs∂ B ]pWym-flmhv

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ka¿∏n-°p-Ibp-≠m-bn. hnip≤ Jp¿-Bs‚bpw Xncp lZo-Yp-I-fp-sSbpw ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ hmKvZØ alvZnCam-ans\ kw_-‘n-®p≈ khn-kvX-c-amb hnh-c-W-ß-fmWv Cu {KŸ-Ønse D≈-S°w. Cu {KŸ-sa-gp-Xnb auem\m apl-ΩZv Da¿ kmln-_n\v R߃ {]tXyIw \μn Adn-bn-° p - ∂ p . k X y m - t \ z - j n - I ƒ Adn-bn-° v D ] - I m c s ∏ S p - s a ∂ {]Xo£tbmsS R߃ CXv klr-Zbw ka¿∏n-°p-I-bm-Wv. kZv¿ Ckvemw C‚¿\m-j-W¬ ]ªn-t°-j≥kv, t^m¿´v tdmUv, IÆq¿ 3-11- 2011 Kannur

(6)

BapJw

Ah-km-\-Im-eØv alvZn Camw shfn-s∏-Sp-sa∂p apkvenwIƒ Ckvemans‚ Bcw-`-Imew apX¬s° hniz-kn®p t]m∂n-´p-≈Xpw Cu hnizm-k-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ alvZn Cam-ans‚ hc-hns\ {]Xo-£n®p t]m∂n-´p-≈-Xp-am-Wv. Camw alvZnbpsS hc-hns\ ]‰n lZokp {KŸ-ß-fn¬ {]Xn-]m-Zn-°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. Camw alvZn {]Xy-£-s∏-´m¬ lna-Øn-eqsS Cg-™p \oßn-bn-s´-¶nepw At±-l-Øn\v ss_AØv sNø-W-sa∂pw Camw alvZn shfn-s∏-´m¬ At±-lsØ Is≠-Øp-∂-h¿ Xs‚ kemw FØn-°-W-sa∂pw \_n-\m-b-I¿(-k) Xncp-ta\n Acp-fn-bn-´p-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

Cukm-\-_n(-A) ac-W-s∏-SmsX c≠m-bncw sIm√-ambn BIm-i-Øn¬ Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂p-s≠∂pw HSp°w \mfn¬ Cukm-\-_n(-A) BIm-i-Øn¬ \n∂pw Cd-ßn hcp-sa∂pw alvZn Cam-an-t\m-sSm∏w At±-lhpw Ahn-i-zm-kn-Iƒs°-Xn-cmbn s]mcpXn Ckvemans\ hnP-bn-∏n®p ImWn-°p-sa-∂p-amWv s]mXpsh apkvenwIƒ hniz-kn®p h∂n-´p-≈-Xv. F∂m¬, e¬

alvZnøp C√m Cukm Cukm A√msX as‰mcp alvZn C√

F∂ \_n hmIy-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ alvZn Camapw ako-lp_v\p a¿bapw Hcmƒ Xs∂-bm-bn-cn-°p-sa∂pw hy‡-am-°-s∏-´p-sh-¶nepw Cukm-\-_n(-A) acn®p t]msb∂p Jp¿-B≥ aptJ\ sXfn-™p Ign-™-tXmsS alvZn ako-lns‚ Bhn¿`m-h-sØ-Ip-dn-®p-≈ apkvenw hnizm-k-߃°v Cf°w ]‰n. Ah-km-\-Im-eØv Ckvem-ans\ ]p\-cp-≤-cn-°m≥ th≠n ssZh-Øm¬ \nbp-‡-\mb alvZnbpw hmKvZØ akolpw Xm\m-sW∂p AlvaZnøm {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ hnip≤ ÿm]-I-cmb lZvdØv an¿km Kpemw AlvaZp¬ JmZn-bm-\n(-A) hmZn-®p. B ]pWym-flmhv kXym-h-Zn-bm-sW∂p hy‡-am-°p∂ At\Iw ZrjvSm-¥-߃ shfn-s∏-Sp-Ibpw hmKvZØ alvZo ako-lns\ kw_-‘n® {]h-N-\-߃ ]q¿Øn-bm-hp-Ibpw sNbvXp. F∂m¬ _lp-`q-cn-]£w hcp∂ apkvenwIƒ ap≥ Ign™

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as‰√m kXym-flm-°-sfbpw t]mse B Znhy ]pcp-j-s\bpw I≈ hmZn-bm°n X≈n-°-f-bp-I-bmWv sNbvX-Xv.

apkvenwIƒ A`q-X-]q¿Δamwhn[w A[x]Xn®p t]mIp-Ibpw Ckveman¬ \n∂pw AI∂p t]mIp-t]mIp-Ibpw Jp¿-Bs‚ I¬]-\-Isf ]n≥]pdw X≈n \mi-Iq-]-Øn¬ ]Xn-°p-I-bpw sNbvX Cu ImeL-´-Øn¬ apkvenwIsf kap-≤-cn-°p-∂-Xn\pw Ckvemans\ hnP-bn-∏n-°p-∂-kap-≤-cn-°p-∂-Xn\pw th≠n A√mlp Ahs‚ ]≠p ]s≠-bp≈ coXn-apd {]Imcw Hcp-°n-bn-´p≈ Znhy-am¿§-amWv alvZo Camw aptJ\ ÿm-]n-X-am-bn-´p≈ AlvaZnøm Pam-A-Øv. Ckvem-ans\ hnP-bn-∏n-°m\pw apkvenw-Isf D≤-cn-°m-\p-ap≈ as‰√m a¿§-ßfpw Ct∂mfw ]cm-P-b-s∏-´Xp t]mse taen-epw ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-Itb D≈q. ]Ww sImt≠m s]t{Smt-Umf-dp-Iƒ sImt≠m a‰p `uXnI i‡n-Iƒ sImt≠m C∂sØ apkvenwIsf D≤-cn-°pI km≤y-a-s√∂p CX-]-cy¥-ap-ff temI-hym-]-I-amb apkvenw {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fp-sSbpw ]cn-{i-a-ß-fp-sSbpw ]cm-Pbw hnfn-®-dn-bn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. hmKvZØw sNø-s∏´ akolpw alvZnbpw Bbn Ah-X-cn® Znhym-flmhv aptJ\ am{Xsa Ckvemans‚ ]p\-cp-≤m\w km≤y-am-Ip-I-bp≈q F∂p \_n Icow(-k) Xncp-ta\n {]h-Nn-®n-´p-s≠∂ bmYm¿∞yw hnkva-cn®p IqSm.

\_n-\m-b-I¿(-k) Xncp-ta-\n-bpsS {]h-N-\-Øns‚ ]q¿Øo-I-c-W-am-bn-´mWv lZvdØv AlvaZp¬ JmZn-bm-\n(-A) Ah-Xo¿Æ-\m-b-Xv. B ]pWym-flm-hns‚ BK-a-\sØ Ipdn-®p≈ AS-bm-f-ßfpw kXy-km-£y-ßfpw kw£n-]vX-ambn hnhcn® n ´ p ≈ C u s N d p ] p k v X I w k l r Z b c m b k X y m -t\zjnIfpsS apºmsI ka¿∏n-°m≥ km[n-®-Xn¬ Rm≥ A√m-lp-hns\ kvXpXn®p sIm≈s´!

tImgn-t°m-Sv,

(8)

ِمی ِحﱠرلا ِنٰمْحﱠرلا ِﷲ ِم ْسِب

alvZn Camw shfn-s∏´p

Ckvemans‚ km¿Δ euIn-Ihpw ]cn-]m-h-\hpw Bb A≤ym-]-\-ßsf saßpw {]N-cn-∏n-°p-hm\pw temI-Ø n \ p i m i z X a m ¿ § Z ¿ i \ w \ ¬ I p ∂ h n i p ≤ Jp¿Bs‚ kXysØ Db¿Øn-°m-´p-hm\pw {]hm-NI t{ijvTcpw temIm-\p-{K-lnbpw Bb lZvdØv apl-ΩZv apkvX-^m(-k) Xncp-ta-\n-bpsS Ah-X-c-tWmt±yiy-sØbpw B ]pWym-flmhv Acpƒ sNbvX lr-Z-bm-I¿j-I-amb XXz-⁄m-\-ß-sfbpw {]Im-in-∏n-°p-hm\pw Bbn A¥y-Im-eØv Ah-Xo¿Æ-cm-Ip-sa∂v hmKvZØw sNø-s∏´ alvZo ako-lns\ Ipdn®v Bbn-c-Øn-\m-\qdv kwh-’-c-߃°v apºv Xs∂ {]h-N\w sNø-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. B {]h-N-\-ß-sf-sb√mw km£m-XvI-cn®p sIm≠v hmKvZØw sNø-s∏´ Camw alvZn(A) {]Xy-£-s∏-´-t∏mƒ A⁄m-\m-‘-Xbpw A_≤ hnizm-k-ßfpw sh®p ]pe¿Øp∂ apkvenw _lp-P-\-߃ B alm-flm-hns\ \ntj-[n-°p-Ibpw \ncm-I-cn-°p-I-bp-am-Wp-≠m-b-Xv.

apkvenwIƒ blq-Zn-\-km-dm-°sf t]mse Bbn-Øo-cp-Ibpw Ahsc t\¿h-gn-bn-te°p \bn-t°≠hcmb ]fin-X≥am¿ BIm-i-Øn≥ Iogn¬ G‰hpw \mi-Im-cn-I-fm-bn-Øo-cp-Ibpw sNøp∂ Ime-L-´-Øn-em-bn-cn°pw Camw alvZn-bpsS Ah-X-c-W-ap-≠m-IpI F∂ \_n hN\w A£cw {]Xn ]q¿Øn-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂p.

{]h-N\w

Ckveman¬ AXns‚ t]cpw Jp¿-B-\n¬ AXns‚ en]nbpw am{Xw Ah-ti-jn-°p∂ Hcp

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Ime-L-´-Øn-em-bn-cn°pw B ]pWym-flmhv Ah-Xo¿Æ-cm-hpI F∂pw lkvdØv \_n-I-cow(-k) Acpƒ sNbvXn-´p-≠v. Xncp-\-_n(-k) C{]-Imcw Acp-fp-I-bp-≠m-bn.

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Ckveman¬ AXns‚ t]cpw Jp¿-B-\n¬ AXns‚ en]nbpw am{Xw Ah-ti-jn-°p∂ Hcp Ime-L´w Fs‚ kap-Zm-b-Øn¬ hcpw. At∏mƒ A√mlp Camw alvZnsb Ab®p At±lw hgn Ckveman\p hnP-bw \¬Ip-I-Ibpw AXns\ ]p\-cp-≤-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw.(b\m-_oD¬ ah±x

(hm-fyw 3 `m: 100) C{]-Imcw B ]pWym-flmhv BK-X-\m-bm¬

a™n≥ I´-Iƒ°v ta¬ Im¬ap-´p-I-fn¬ Cg™p sNs∂-¶nepw At±-l-Øn\v ss_AØv sNø-W-sa∂pw Xs‚ kemw FØn--°-W-sa∂pw \_n-Xn-cp-ta-\n(-k) Xs‚ kap-Zm-b-tØmSp \n¿t±-in-®n-´p-≠v.

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At±lw Ah-Xo¿Æ-cm-bm¬ dkq-ep-√m-bpsS kem-ans\ FØn-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. (apkv\Zv AlvaZv _v\p lº¬ hmfyw 2 `m: 394)

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\n߃ At±-l-sØ-°-≠m-¬, a™n≥I´Iƒ°v aosX Cg™p sN∂n-s´-¶nepw At±-l-Øn\v ss_AØv sNtø-≠-Xm-Wv. Fs¥-∂m¬ At±lw \n›-b-ambpw A√m-lp-hns‚ {]Xn-\n-[n-bmb alvZn As{X.(A¬ apkvX-Zvd°v hmfyw 4 InXm-_p¬ ^nX≥ `m: 464)

(10)

A¥y-Im-e-Ø-h-X-cn-°p∂ hmKvZØw sNø-s∏´ alvZnsb Ipdn®v lkvd-Øv \_n Icow(-k) C{X-tbsd {]m[m-\yhpw Kuc-hhpw I¬]n®n-cp-s∂-¶nepw C∂sØ apkvenwIƒ {]kvXpX {]h-N\ßsf Xosc Ah-K-Wn®p If-™Xp XnI®pw Zu¿`m-Ky-I-c-sat∂ ]d-tb-≠q.

apkvenwI-fpsS A[x-]-X\w

apkvenw-I-fpsS A[x-]-X\w ]q¿Øn-bm-Ip-tºm-gmWv Ahsc D≤-cn-°m\pw ]cn-ip≤ Jp¿-Bs‚ ]hn-{Xm-≤ym-]-\-ß-fn-te°v Ahsc £Wn-°m\pw Bbn alvZn auDuZv Ah-X-cn-°pI F∂pw lZo-kp-I-fn¬ hy‡-am-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.

at‰Xv Ime-sØ°mfpw Hcm-flo-tbm-≤m-c-Is‚ BK-a\w Bh-iy-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp Ime-L-´-am-Wn-Xv. kwkvIm-c-Øn-s‚bpw ]cn-jvIm-kwkvIm-c-Øn-s‚bpw t]cn¬ {]mIr-Xhpw Incm-Xhpw Bb hj-f-Øc-߃ \mw C∂p \mep-]p-dhpw ImWp-∂p.

C∂sØ timN-\o-b-amb Ah-ÿ-sb-°p-dn®v eJv\u-hn¬ \n∂pw ]pd-s∏-Sp∂ knZvsJ PZoZv F∂ hmcnI C{]-Imcw Fgp-Xp-∂p:˛

kwkv-Im-c-Øns‚ t]cn¬ \rØw, kwKo-Xw, \·Xm {]Z¿i-\w, A\n-b-{¥n-X-amb kv{Xo ]pcpj kº¿°w, A«oe kn\n-a-Iƒ F∂n-h-bpsS then-tb‰w Xs∂ \mw I≠p sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p. kwkvImc cmln-Xy-Øn-s‚bpw \n¿ΩX Nn¥m-K-Xn-bp-sSbpw Cu B{I-aWw hmkvX-h-Øn¬ aX-]-cn-Xym-K-Øn-s‚bpw ssewKo-Im-cm-P-I-Xz-Øn-s‚bpw B{I-a-Wam-Wv. CXn\p ]cn-lm-c-sa¥v? Xp¿°n-bm-I-s´, CuPn-]vXm-I-s´, Cdm≥, C≥tUm-t\-jy, imw, Cdm°v BI-s´, C¥ytbm ]m°n-ÿmt\m BIs´ Cu kwkvIm-cm-`m-k-Øns‚ Hgp-°n¬ s]´p t]mbn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. {]hm-N-I-Xz-]-c-amb Hcp ZrV-\n-›-b-Øn\p a{Xsa Cu {]hm-lsØ XS™p \n¿Øp-hm≥

(11)

km[n-°p-I-bp-≈ q . C k v e m - a n ¬ C ∂ v H c p a l X v h y ‡ n - b p s S Bhn¿`mhw D≠m-bn-´n-√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ \mep-`m-Khpw Nn¥m-]-c-amb Hcp æm\X ]c-∂n-cn-°p-∂-Xm-bn-°m-Wmw. Cu am\-koI tImfn-f°w Hcp alm-flm-hns‚ BK-a-\sØ ImØn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. \ap°v cmjv{So-b-amb Hcp h¿Ø\w D≠m-°p-∂-Xn\v ]I-c-ambn am\-ko-I-amb ]cn-h¿Ø\w hcp-Øp∂ Hcp am¿§-Z¿insb Bh-iy-ap-≠v. Cu Ime-Øv apkvenwIƒ°v Hcp imlvhen-bp-√m-bp-sStbm, C_v\p-Xo-an-b-bp-sS-tbm, apP-±nZv A¬^n-km-\n-bp-sStbm Bh-iy-ap≠v!(knZvssJ PZo-Zv.10-˛6-˛1960)

auZqZn ]m¿´n-bpsS ÿm]-I-t\-Xm-hmb auZqZn kmln_v ]d-bp-∂Xv ImWpI:

C∂p apkvenwI-sf∂p ]d-b-s∏-Sp∂ P\-k-aq-l-Øns‚ ÿnXn-bm-sW-¶n¬ Ah-cn¬ Bbn-c-Øn¬ 999 t]cpw CkvemanI ⁄m\-an-√m-Ø-hcpw kXyhpw Ak-Xyhpw XΩn-ep≈ Xncn-®-dnhv C√m-Ø-hcpw BWv. Ah-cpsS kz`m-hhpw apgp-h\pw Xs∂ A\nkveman-I-am-Wv. Hcp ]mc-ºcyw F∂ t]cn¬ apk¬am≥ F∂ t]¿ Ah¿°v e`n-®n-cn-°p∂p F∂p am{Xw (ap-k¬am≥ Hu¿ auPqZm knbm-kn-I-iva-I-iv, `m.105-˛106)

ho≠pw At±lw ]d-bp∂p:˛

A[n-I-t]cpw CJm-a-Øp-±o-\n\p th≠n Hcp ]cn-]q¿Æ a\p-jys\ At\z-jn®p sIm≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. AXm-b-Xv, Ah¿°v C∂p Hcp \_n-sb-bm-Wm-h-iyw. \mhp sIm≠vv JX-ap-∂p-_p-ΔØv F∂v Dcp-hn-Sp-∂p-s≠-¶nepw \_n(-k) °ptijw as‰mcp \_n°p hcmw F∂p ]d-bp-∂-bm-fpsS \mhv ]ngp-sX-Sp-°p-hm≥ Hcp-sº-Sp-∂p-sh-¶nepw Ah-cpsS lrZ-bw-˛-a-\x-km£n Hcp \_n-bpsS Bh-iy-I-Xsb a{¥n®p sIm≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. \_n-bn¬ Ipd-™ H∂nepw Ah¿ Xr]vX-c-√. (X¿÷p-am-\p¬ Jp¿-B≥, Unk.42).

a\- m-£n-bpsS Cu hnfnsb Ah-K-Wn-°m≥ Bcmepw km≤y-a-√. Aßns\ at‰-sXmcp Ime-sØ-°mfpw

(12)

Hcm-flob ]cn-jvI¿Øm-hns‚ BK-a\w Bh-iy-am-bn-Øo¿∂ Hcp k∂n-Kv[- Im-e-L-´-Øn-emWv \mw C∂p-≈-Xv. {]kvXpX Ime-L-´sØ Ipdn®pw AXn¬ Ah-Xo¿Æ-cm-Ip∂ Camw alvZnsb Ipdn®pw At±-l-Øns‚ t]¿, {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp∂ ÿew, Imew apX-em-b-hsb Ipdn®pw B ]pWym-flm-hns‚ Ime-Øp-≠m-Ip∂ al-Ømb AS-bm-f-ßsf Ipdn®pw \_n Icow(-k) hfsc hy‡-ambn {]h-N-\-߃ sNbvXn-´p-ap≠v. Ah-bn¬ NneXp ChnsS D≤-cn°mw:

Imew:˛ lkvdØv A_q JØmZ: A≥km-cn(-d) C{]-Imcw cnhm-bØv sNøp∂p:

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ِنْ?

َتَأ

alvZn-bpsS AS-bm-f-߃ 200 h¿j-߃°v tijw {]Xy-£-s∏´p XpS-ßp-∂-Xm-bn-cn°pw F∂v dkq¬ Icow (-k.-A) Acpƒ sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p. (C_v\p-amP InXm-_p¬ ^nX≥, aniv°mØv )

kp{]-kn≤ apl-±n-kmb lkvdØv A√ma: Camw Aen-øp¬Jm-cn(-dlv) {]kvXpX lZo-kn\v hni-Zo-I-cWw \¬In-s°m≠v C{]-Imcw {]kvXm-hn-°p∂p: A¬ anA-ssX≥ F∂ ]Z-Øn¬ h∂n-cn-°p∂ A¬ F∂Xv sIm≠p-ff hnh£ Bbncw h¿j-߃°p tijw D≈ 200 h¿j-߃°p ]ndsI F∂m-bn-cn-°pw. AXm-bXv Bbn-c-Øn-bn-cp-∂qdv kwh-’-c-߃°p tijw Camw -a-lvZn-sb-∏-‰n-bp≈ AS-bm-f-߃ {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp-∂-Xm-bn-cn-°pw. B Imew Camw alvZn-bpsS Bhn¿`m-h-Im-e-am-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. (an-¿ImØp¬ a^m-Øolv idlv

(13)

anivIm-Øm¬ akm-_n-lv `: 182)

{]kvXpX Ime-sØ-°p-dn®v A¬]w IqSn hy‡-am°ns°m≠v lkvdvØv lpssZ^ _n≥ A¬b-am\n C{]-Imcw cnhm-bØv sNøp∂p:

ِﷲ ُلو ُسَر َلا

َق

َو ٌفْلَا ْت َض َم ا َذِا

َنوُعَبْرَا َو ِناَتٓأِم

ﱠی ِد ْھَلما ُﷲ

َثَعْبَی ًةَن َس

1240 h¿j-߃°p tijw A√mlp alvZnsb \ntbm-Kn-®-b-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cn°pw (A∂-Pvap- -Jn_v hmfyw 2 `: 207)

{]kvXpX lZokv Ckvemans‚ Bcw-`-L-´-Øn¬ hf-sc-b-[nIw {]kn-≤n-bm¿÷n-®n-cp-∂-Xmbn A∂-Pvap- m-Jn_v F∂ {KŸ-Øn¬ \n∂v a\- n-em-hp-∂p.

l k v d Ø v C a m w _ p J m - c n , l k v d Ø v C a m w AlvaZv_n≥ l≥_¬ apX-emb c≠mw \q‰m-≠nse (lnPvd: h¿jw) kp{]kn≤ apl-±n-ko-ß-fpsS Kpcp-\m-Y-cmb lkvdØv blv b_n≥k-CuZv (lvPvd: h¿jw 120-˛198) Xs‚ aPvaqA Alm-Zokv F∂ {KŸ-Ønepw (lnPvd: h¿jw) aq∂mw \q‰m-≠nse as‰mcp kp{]-kn≤ apl-±n-km-bn-cp∂ lkvdØv A_vZp-√m-ln_v\p apl-Ω-Z n _ v \ p A _ o - s s i - _ , ( l n : 1 5 9 - ˛ 2 3 5 ) l k v d Ø v A_vZp_v\p Aao-Zv F∂n-hcpw {]kvXpX lZokv apkv\Zv I_o¿ hX-^vko¿ F∂ {KŸ-Øn¬ ]I¿Øp-I-bp-≠m-bn-´p-≠v.

ÿew:˛ Camw alvZn {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp∂ ÿew

C¥y-bm-bn-cn-°p-sa∂p \_n-I-cow(-k) {]h-Nn-°p∂p:

ُدَم ْحَا ُەُم ْسِا ِّیِدُھَلما َعَم ُنوُکَت َیِLَو َدنِھلا ُزْعَت ّةَباَصِع

AlvaZv F∂p t]cp≈ alvZn-tbm-sSm∏w Hcp Pam-AØv C¥y-bn¬ PnlmZv (a-X-{]-N-c-Ww)

(14)

ُﷲ ُەُق ِّدَصُیَو ەَع ِدَک اَھَل ُلاَقُی ٍةَیْرَق ْنِم ﱡیِدْھَلما ُجُرْخَی

IZvA F∂ t]cn-e-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ ÿeØv Camw alvZn shfn-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw ssZhw At±-lsØ km£y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xp-am-Wv. (Phm-ln-dp¬ Akv-dm¿, _nlm-dp¬ A≥hmdv hmfyw13 `:19)

hwiw:˛ Camw alvZn-bpsS hwi-sØ-°p-dn®v

klm-_m-°ƒ°v \_n-I-cow(-k.-A)-]-d™p sImSpØp sIm≠v lkvdØv k¬am-\p¬ ^mcn-kn-bpsS Npa-en¬ ssIsh®p C{]-Imcw Acpƒ sNøp-I-bp-≠mbn:

ﱡWلا َدْنِع ُناَمیِالا ُناَمْیِالا َنا

َک ْوَل

ُجَر ُەَل اَنَل اّیَZ

ٌلاَجِر ْوَا ٌل

ِء ٰلاؤٰھ ْنِم

Cuam≥ kpd-øm(-Im¿Øn-I) \£-{X-tØmfw D b ¿ ∂ p t ] m I p ∂ I m e w h ∂ m ¬ C t ± - l - Ø n s ‚ (^m¿kn) hwi-Øn¬ \n∂pw Hcmtfm Nnetcm AXns\ `qan-bn-te°v Xncn®p sIm≠p hcp-∂-Xm-Wv. (_pJmcn hmfyw 3, `mKw: 131)

as‰mcp cnhm-b-Øn¬ C{]-Imcw ]d-bp∂p:

Cuam≥ kpdøm \£-{X-tØmfw Db¿∂p t]mI-bm-sW-¶nepw ^m¿kn hwi-Øn¬ \n∂pw Hcmƒ AXns\ Xncn®p sIm≠p hcp-∂-Xm-bn-cn-°pw. (I≥kp¬ DΩm¬ hmfyw 6 `m: 264)

t]cv:˛ Camw alvZn-bpsS t]cpw \ap°v dkq¬ Icow (-k)

(15)

alvZn-bpsS t]¿ Alv aZv ,A-_vZp-√m, alvZn F∂m-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v \_n-I-cow(-k) Acpƒ sNbvX-Xmbn Rm≥ tIƒ°p-I-bp-≠mbn F∂p lpssZ^ cnhm-bØv sNøp∂p (_nlm-dp¬ A≥hm¿ hmfyw 13, `m: 174)

as‰mcp cnhm-b-Øn¬ C{]-Imcw ]d-bp∂p:

ُدَمْحَا ُەُم ْسا ﱡیِدْھَلما ُەﱠنِإ

َف

Camw alvZn-bpsS t]cv AlvaZv F∂m-bn-cn°pw (A¬ ^Xmhm A¬lZo-knø `:38)

{]ÿm-\-Øns‚ t]cv:˛ A¥y-Im-e-Øv Xs‚

kap-Zmbw 73 I£n-I-fmbn ]ncn™p t]mIp-sa∂pw Ah-bn¬ Fgp-]-Ønc≠pw \c-Im-h-Im-in-I-fm-bn-Øo-cp-sa∂pw Hcp Pam-AØv am{Xw \mtam-£m¿l-am-bn-cn-°p-sa∂pw B Pam-AØv Xs‚bpw kl-N-c-cp-sSbpw {]h¿Ø\ ]Ÿm-hn¬ Ncn-°p-∂-h-cm-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂p-ap≈ \_n-Xn-cp-ta-\n(-k.-A)-bpsS Xnc-phm-Iy-Øn\p anivImØv hyJym-\-amb an¿Jm-Øn¬ C{]-Imcw Fgp-Xp∂p:

Fgp-]Øn c≠p Iq´cpw \c-I-Øn¬ ]Xn-°p-∂-h-cm-bn-cn°pw tam£m¿l-amb Pam-AØv apl-Ω-Zo-kp-∂-Øn¬ Ncn-°p∂ ]cn-ip≤ AlvaZnøm Xco-J-Øn¬

(16)

({]-ÿm-\-Øn¬) s]´-h-cm-bn-cn°pw (an¿JmØv id-Av anivImØv hmfyw 1 `m: 204)

lkvdØv apP-±nZv A¬^n-km\n(d) C{]-Imcw Fgp-Xp∂p:

B ImeØv lJo-JØp apl-Ω-Zn-bpsS t]cv lJo-JØp Alv aZn F∂m-bn-cn-°pw. AXv (A-“-Zn-ø-Øv) A√m-lp-hns‚ Al-Zv(-G-I-Xzw) F∂ kn^-Øns\ shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xm-bn-cn°pw (cnkme a_vZ-Av aBZv `m: 58)

Ime-kq-N\: ՕșɨՑՔ ՓɈՒɏ ՒȲȆ ՑȼՓɐՕɦȄ Ȅ ՑȰՓǻՑɼ ] նկ:ղ [ acp-°-∏¬ F∂-dn-b-s∏-´n-cp∂ H´-I-߃ Dt]-£n-°-s∏-Spw. AXm-b-Xv-˛-I-c-bnepw IS-enepw BIm-iØpw Xzcn-X-ambn k©-cn-°p∂ ]pXnb hml-\-߃ ImcWw H´I khmcn Dt]-£n-°-s∏-Spw. \mK-cn-IX:

ՕȔՑȳ Փȼ Ւȧ ՒȺɽ ՒȧՒɽ

Օ

ɦȄ

Ȅ

Ȱ Փǻ

Ց

Ցɼ

] նկ:ճ [ h\y- P-¥p-°ƒ H∂n®p tN¿°-s∏-Spw. ImgvN-_w-•m-hp-Ifpw ayqkn-b-ßfpw aptJ\ temI-Øns‚ hnhn[ `mK-ß-fn¬ I≠p hcp∂ ]£n arKm-Zn-Iƒ Hcp-an®v tN¿°-s∏-Spw. B[p-\nI \mK-cn-I-X-bpsS \nizm-k-ta‰v ]nt∂m-° m - h - ÿ - b n ¬ I g n - b p ∂ { ] m I r X P \ - h n - ` m - K - ß ƒ temIØv {]_p≤ i‡n-bmbn hcpw

`qÿnXn: [ նկ:մ]

ՕȔՑȳ ՔՓݨ Ւܥ ՒȲȆ ՑȨՓȍ

ɦȄ

Օ

Ȅ

Ȱ Փǻ

Ց

Ցɼ

I\m-ep-Iƒ Iodn-bp-≠m°n \Zn-Ifpw kap-{Z-ßfpw ]c-kv]cw kwtbm-Pn-∏-°-s∏-Spw. AWs-°-´p-Iƒ \n¿Ωn®v Acp-hn-Iƒ Iq´n-H-gp-I-s∏-Spw.

KXm-K-X-]p-tcm-KXn: [ նկ:յ]

Օș Ցȡ ՔՓɼ

Ւȴ Ւȶɽ ՒɘէɳɦȄ ȄՑȰՓǻՑɼ

(17)

KXm-KX kuI-cy-߃ IqSmsX tdUn-tbm, sSen-hn-j≥ apX-e m b h m ¿ Ø m h n \ n - a b k w h n - [ m - \ - ß ƒ a p t J \ At\ym\yw kº¿°w ]pe¿Øp amdm-Ipw. hnhn[ Xc-Øn-ep≈ ]m¿´n-Ifpw kl-I-cW kwL-S-\-Ifpw cwK-Øn-d-ßpw.

{]kn-≤o-I-c-W-߃: [ նկ:կծ]

ՕȔՑȳ Փȼ

ɲ

Ւ

ə Ւݰ էܶɦȄ Ȅ

Ւ

Ȱ Փǻ

Ց

Ցɼ

{KŸ-ßfpw amkn-I-Ifpw ]{X-ßfpw hf-sc-b-[nIw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°-s∏-Spw. ]cn-jvIrX A®Sn b{¥-ß-fpsS klm-b-Øm¬ ]{X-am-kn-I-I-fpsS {]kn-≤o-I-cWw h≥ tXmXn¬ \S°pw. hmb-\-im-e-I-fp-sSbpw {KŸ ime-I-fp-sSbpw hnImkw ChnsS kqNn-X-am-Wv.

aX-cwKw

Camw alvZn-bpsS Bhn¿`m-h-Im-esØ aX-]-c-amb ÿnXn-Is-f-°p-dn®v \_n Xncp-ta-\n(-k) hni-Z-amb {]h-N-\-߃ sNbvXn-´p-≠v.

1) B ImeØp {InkvXp aX-Øn\p hºn® A`n-hr-≤n-bp-≠m-Ipw.

{InkvXp-a-XØn-s\-Xn-cn¬ Ckvemw aX-Øns‚ timN-\o-bm-h-ÿ-sb-°p-dn®v C{]Imcw Acpƒ sNøp∂p

Ցȉ

ȆՎȍмՓȳ

ɓ

Ց

ՒȮɽՒɐՑо ՑȷՑɼ ȆՎȍмՓȳ

ɓ

Ց

Ւɬ

ֺ ՕȷՓ

Ց

ל

Օ

Ƿ Ցȯ

Ց

2) B ImeØv Ckvemw Bcw-`-Z-i-bn-se∂ t]mse _e-lo-\-amb Hc-h-ÿ-bn-em-bn-Øo-cpw.(C_v\p amP )

kap-Zm-b-cwKw

1. apkvenwIƒ Z÷m-ens‚ ˛]m-›mXy ]cn-jvIr-Xn-bpsS ˛A-\p-bm-bn-I-fm-bn-Øo-cpw.

2. Ckvem-an¬ AXns‚ t]cpw Jp¿-B-\n¬ AXns‚ en]nbpw am{Xw Ah-ti-jn-°pw. ]≈n-Iƒ

(18)

P\-_m-lp-ey-ap-≈-h-bm-bn-cn-°p-sa-¶nepw lnZm-bØv D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√. Ah-cpsS ]fin-X≥am¿ BIm-i-Øn≥ Iogn¬ \nIrjvS P¥p-°-fm-bn-cn°pw

3. apkvenwIƒ \a-kvImcw Dt]-£n-°p-Ibpw kImØv Hcp ]ng-bmbn KWn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw.

4. lkvdØv Aen C{]-Imcw cnhm-bØv sNøp-∂p. Ad-_n-Iƒ (Ckvemw) aX-hp-ambn hfsc AI∂p t]mIp-∂-Xm-bn-cn-°pw.

5. apkvenwIƒ blq-Zn-I-sfbpw {InkvXym-\n-I-sfbpw ]cn-]q¿Æ-ambpw ]n¥p-S-cp-∂--Xm-bn-cn-°pw.

kZm-Nm-c-cwKw

1. B ImeØv A«oe kmln-Xyhpw hy`n-Nm-chpw h¿≤n-°p-Ibpw hy`n-Nmc k¥-Xn-Iƒ s]cp-Ip-Ibpw sNøpw (C_v\p A_n-io-_.-bpsS cnhm-b-Øv-˛-ln-÷p¬ Indm-a) 2. B ImeØv aZyw hf-sc-b[nIw D]-tbm-Kn-°-s∏Spw F∂v A\-kn-_v\p-am-enIv cnhm-bØp sNbvXn-cn-°p∂p 3. NqXp-Ifn hn]p-e-ambn \S-amSpw

4. Aam-\Øv (hn-iz-ÿ-X) Db¿Ø-s∏Spw

5. a°ƒ aXm-]n-Xm-°sf A\p-k-cn-°msX Ahsc A]-am-\n-°p-Ibpw IjvS-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw sNøpw(-lp-ssZ-^m-_n≥ bam≥ cnhm-bØv sNbvX-Xv)

6. kºØpw {]uVnbpw ap≥\n¿Øn P\-߃ {]Io¿Øn-°-s∏-Spw. Bfp-Iƒ ss[cy-hm-s\∂pw _p≤n-\-am-s\∂pw {]Xm-]-im-en-sb∂pw a‰pw {]Io¿Øn-°-s∏-Spw. ]s£ Ah-cpsS lrZ-b-Øn¬ ISp-I-f-sh-¶nepw Cuam≥ D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√.

thj-`q-j-Iƒ

1. B ImeØv kv{XoIƒ hkv{X-[m-cWw sNbvXmepw \Kv-\-I-fm-bn-cn-°pw.

2. B ImeØv kv{XoIƒ H´-I-Øns‚ ]q™ t]mse Xß-fpsS Xe-ap-Snsb Ae-¶-cn-°pw.

(19)

3. kv{XoIƒ Xß-fpsS `¿Øm-°≥am-scmØv hym]m-c-Øn¬ G¿s∏-Spw.

4. kv{XoIƒ ]pcp-j-thjw [cn-®p kzX-{¥-cmbn hnekpw (C_v\p A∫m-kv)

5. ]pcp-j≥am¿ kv{XoIsf t]mse hkv{X-[m-cWw sNøpw. Ah-sc-t]mse Na™p \S°pw (lp-ssZ-^-Øp-_v\p-b-am≥) 6. B ImeØv s]´-∂p≈ ac-W-߃ (lr-Zb kvXw`\w apX-em-b-h) A[n-I-am-bp-≠m-hpw. `c-W-cwKw 1. ]en-i-bn-S-]mSv hf-sc-b-[nIw h¿≤n-°p∂Xmbn-cn-°pw (-_m-¶n-ßv, C≥jq-d≥kv apX-em-b-h) 2. Zcn-{Zcpw C√m-Ø-hcpw `c-Wm-[n-Im-c-Øn-te-dpw. 3 sXmgn-emfn {]ÿm-\-Øn\p hºn® i‡n-bp-≠m-bn-cn-°pw.

4. `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ s]cp-Ipw. (P-\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ `c-W-I¿Øm-°-fm-bn-Øo-cpw) (lp-ssZ-^).

Z÷m¬

Z÷m¬ ]pd-s∏Spw

Z÷m-ens‚ hesØ IÆv (B-flob ZrjvSn) A‘-am-bn-cn-°pw. \nß-fn¬ Bsc-¶nepw Ahs\ I≠m¬ kqdx Ilv^ns‚ {]mcw` hN-\-߃ (tb-ip-hns‚ ssZh-Xz-Øn-s\-Xn-cmb hN-\-߃ AS-ßn-b-h) HmXp-hn≥. Z÷m¬ ag s]øm≥ BIm-i-tØmSp I¬]n-°p-tºmƒ BImiw sh≈w sNmcn-bp-Ibpw (Ir-{Xna ag s]øn-°p-I-bpw) apf-∏n-°pI F∂v `qan-tbmSv I¬]n-°p-tºmƒ `qan apf-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. `qan-bnse \nt£-]-߃ ]pdØp sIm≠p hcpw. Ahs‚ IqsS sdm´n-bpsS aebpw sh≈-Øns‚ tXmSpw D≠m-Ipw.(an-ivIm-Øv)

B[p-\nIbpK-Øn¬ {]Xy-£-amtbm ]tcm-£-amtbm B[n-]-Xyw t\Sn-bn-cn-°p∂ ]m›mXy ]cn-jvIm-c-amWv

(20)

Z÷m¬ sIm≠v hnh-£n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. Iayq-WnÃv {]ÿm-\hpw Z÷m-ens‚ Hcp cq]-am-Wv.

bAv-PqPv aAv-PqPv

bAv-PqPv aAv-PqPv {]Xy-£-amIpw

djybpw Ata-cn-°bpw Ah-cpsS D]-{Kl cmjv{S-ß-fp-amWv bAv-PqPv aAv-PqPs‚ F∂v C∂v hfsc hy‡-ambn Ign-™p.

Ad-_n-Iƒ°v \mi-\jvSw

lkvdØv dkq¬ Icow(-k) C{]-Imcw Acpƒ sNøp∂p:



Ad-_n-Iƒ°v hºn® \mi-\-jvS-߃ hcp∂XmWv. bAv-PqPv aAv-PqPv Nph-cn¬ Hcp Zzmc-ap-≠m-bn-cn-°p∂p F∂p ]d™p sIm≠v Xs‚ Nq≠p hncepw s]cp-hn-cepw tN¿Øp \_n Xncp-ta\n Hcp Zzmc-ap-≠m°n ImWn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. (klo-lp¬ _pJmcn )

bAv-PqPv aAv-PqPv (A-ta-cn-°≥-˛-d-jy≥ cmjv{S-߃) aptJ\ Ad-_n-Iƒ°v hºn® \mi-\-jvS-ß-sf t\cn-tS≠n hcp-∂-Xm-Wv.

1967 se Ad_v C{km-bo¬ .bp≤w Ad_v teI-Øn\v hcp-Ønb \mi-\-jvS-߃ Cu {]h-N-\-Øns‚ ]q¿Øo-I-c-W-sa-t∂mWw kw`-hn-®-Xm-Wv. XpS¿∂p ]›n-ta-jy-bn-emsI D≠mb t]mcm-´-ßfpw sImSpw \mi-ßfpw {]h-N-\sØ icn-sh-°p-∂p.

Cu {]h-N-\-Øns‚ AXn hy‡amb ]q¿Øo-I-cWw Cu ASpØ Ime-Øp-≠mb CdmJv IpsshØv bp≤hpw AXns‚ `bm-\-I-amb {]Xym-Lm-X-ßfpw

(21)

a\- n-em-°n-Ø-cp-∂p. 1990 BKÃv 22 \p CdmJv {]kn-U≠v k±mw lpssk≥ IpsshØv B{I-an®v Iog-S-°n-b-t∏mƒ kuZn Ad_v kzbw kwc-£-W-Øn-s\∂ hymtP\ ]m›mXy (Z-÷m¬) i‡n-I-tfmSv klm-b-a¿∞n-®p. AXns\ XpS¿∂p-≠mb bp≤-Øn¬ Ad_v cmjv{S-߃ H∂-S¶w B[p-\nI Z÷m-emb Ata-cn-°≥ {]kn-U≠v tPm¿Pv _pjns‚ {Iqc Ic-ß-fn¬ Aa¿∂p t]mbn-˛-A-d_v cmjv{S-߃°v _ney≥ IW-°n¬ tUmf-dp-Iƒ \jvS-s∏-´p. e£-°-W-°n-ep≈ \nc-]-cm-[n-I-fmb apkvenw kv{XoIfpw ]pcp-j≥amcpw Ip´n-Ifpw sIm√-s∏-´p. C∂pw Cdm-Jv, Ipssh-Øv, kuZn-A-td_y apX-emb Ad_v cmjv{S-߃ bAv-PqPv aAv-PqPv aqe-ap-≠m-°-s∏´ `oXn-bp-sSbpw `b-Øn-s‚bpw \ngenemWv Ign™p hcp-∂-Xv. ae-bmf at\m-ca 6˛9-˛92 C{]-Imcw dnt∏m¿´p sNøp-∂p.

acp∂pw Blm-chpw C√msX Cdm-Jn¬ t]mb-h¿jw 27000 Ip´n-Iƒ ac-W-a-S-™p. apXn¿∂-h¿ 60000 t]cpw. Cdm-Jn-s\-Xn-sc(-Z-÷m-en-i-‡n-Iƒ) \S-∏m°n hcp∂ kmº-ØnI D]-tcm-[-amWv CXn\p Imc-Ww. (a-e-bmf at\m-c-a6-˛9-˛92)

Kƒ^v bp≤w aqew Ad_v cmjv{S-߃°v 650 _ney≥ tUmf¿ \jvS-s∏-´p-sh∂pw bp≤w Kƒ^nse ]cn-ÿn-XnI BtcmKy taJ-e-bn¬ krjvSn® BLm-X-ß-fpsS kmº-ØnI aqeyw Ct∏mgpw \n¿Æ-bn-°-s∏-´n-´n-s√∂pw am[yaw (11-˛9-˛92) ]d-bp∂p.

kqcy-N{μ {Kl-W-߃

Camw alvZn-bpsS Ime-Øp-≠m-hp∂ al-Ømb c≠-S-bm-f-ßsf Ipdn®v lkvdØv \_n-I-cow(-k) C{]-Imcw Acpƒ sNøp∂p:

(22)



\ΩpsS alvZnbv°p c≠p AS-bm-f-ß-fm-Wp-≈-Xv. BImi `qan-Iƒ D≠m-bXp apX¬ CØ-c-Øn-ep≈ AS-bm-f-߃ D≠m-bn-´n-√. AXm-b-Xv, Htc da-km≥ amk-Øn¬ N{μ-{K-l-W-Øn-\mbn \n›-bn-°-s∏´ cm{Xn-I-fn¬ (13,14,15) {]Ya cm{Xn-bn¬ (13˛mw cm{Xn) N{μ\pw kqcy-{K-l-W-Øn-\mbn \n›-bn-°-s∏´ Znh-k-ß-fn¬ (27,28,29) a≤y-\m-fn¬(28-˛mw\p) kqcy\pw {KlWw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. BIm-i-`q-an-Iƒ D≠m-bXv apX¬ CØ-c-Øn-ep≈ kw`hw D≠m-bn-´n-√. (kp\\p Zmdp JpØv\n hmfyw 2 `m: 65) {]kvXpX kqcy-N{μ {Kl-W-߃ c≠p {]mhiyw {]Xy-£-am-Ip-∂-Xm-sW∂pw dkq¬ Icow(-k) Acpƒ sNbvXn-´p-≠v.

\n›-b-ambpw da-km-\n¬ kqcy\p c≠p XhW {Kl-W-ap-≠mIpw

Ah-km-\- Im-eØ-h-Xo¿Æ-cmhp∂ hmKvZØ akolpw Camw alvZnbpw c≠p hy‡n-I-fm-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂mWv s]mXpsh apkv enwIƒ hniz-kn®p h∂-Xv. CXv lkvdØv \_n-I-cow(-k) Xncp-ta-\n-bp-sSbpw CXc Cam-ao-ß-fp-sSbpw {]h-N-\-߃°pw {]kvXm-h-\-Iƒ°pw ]msS hncp-≤-amb hnizm-k-am-Wv.

(23)

Camw alvZnbpw akolpw

lkvdØv dkq¬ Icow(-k) C{]-Imcw Acpƒ sNøp-∂p.

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\nß-fn¬ Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂-h¿ hmKvZØ ako-lns\ Camw alvZn-bmbn ImWp-∂-Xm-bn-cn-°pw.(apkv\Zv AlvaZv _v\p lº¬ hmfyw :2 `m 411)

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hmKvZØ ako-lns\ IqSmsX thsd(-C-amw)

alvZn-bn√ (C_v\p amPm `m: 302)

a p l - Ω Z o D Ω - Ø n ¬ s ] ´ ] e a l m - fl m - ° f p w lkvdØv Camw alvZnbpw akolpw Htc Bfmbncn°p-∂-Xm-sW∂ hnizmkw {]ISn∏n-®-h-cm-bn-cp-∂p.

ssiJp¬ AIv_¿ lkvdØv aplvbp-±o-\n_v\p Ad-_n(-d-lv) C{]-Imcw Acpƒ sNøp-∂p.

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Ah-km-\-ImeØp≈ hmKvZØ ako-lns‚ Ah-X-cWw as‰mcp hy‡n-Xz-Øn-em-bn-cn°pw

(X^vko¿ Adm-bn-kp¬ _bm≥ hmfyw 1 `m;262)

lkvdØv \nAvaØp-√mlv hen(-d-lv) C{]-Imcw ]d-bp∂p:

(24)

At±lw alvZnbpw Bbn-cn°pw ako-lp-am-bn-cn-°pw. c≠p KpW-ßfpw At±-l-Øn¬ {]Xy-£-am-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv.

(A¬-A¿_-bo≥ ^o Alvhmen¬ alvZn-øo≥)

lZvdØv A√ma: lpssk-\p_v\p apCu-\p-±o≥ A¬ssa-_-Zn (N-caw 8˛mw lnPncn ˛1466. G.-Un) C{]-Imcw Acpƒ sNøp-∂p.

ίϭέ̡ ϡϼγϟ΍ ؟ϳϠϋ ̵Ω٬ϣ έΩ ϡϼγϟ΍ ؟ϳϠϋ ̶γϳϋ Ρϭέ

Εγ΍ ίϭέΑ ϥϳ΍ ̶γϳϋ ϝϭίϧ ϭΩϧ̯

lkvdØv akolv auDu-Zns‚ Bflob {]`mhw l: alvZn-bm¬ {]Xy-£-am-Ip-∂-Xm-Wv. akolv auDu-Zns‚ Ah-X-cWw F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xpw CXp Xs∂-bm-Wv.

(Km-b-Øp¬ aJvkq-Zv, `m:21)

ssiJv apl-ΩZv A{Iw km_ncn (N-c-aw, lnPvd 1129) C{]-Imcw {]kvXm-hn-°p∂p: ϭ Ωϧ̯ ίϭέ̡ ̵ΩϬϣ έΩ ̶γϳϋ Ρϭέ ؟̯ Ϋϣ΍ فοϭϳ ϥϳϣ٫ ί΍ ΕέΎΑϋ ϝϭίϧ ϻ ΙϳΩΣ ϥϳ΍ ϕΑΎρϣ Εγ΍ ίϭέΑ ϡϳέϣ ϥΑ΍ ̶γϳϋ ϻ΍ ̵ΩϬϣ

Nne-cpsS hnizmk {]Im-cw, Cukm-bpsS Bflob {]`mhw alvZn-bn¬ {]Xy-£-am-Ip-∂-Xm-Wv. lZo-kn-ep≈ \pkq¬ F∂ hm°ns‚ A¿∞w {]Xy-£o-`-hn-°pI F∂-s{X. em alvZnø C√m Cukm F∂ lZo-kns‚ hymJym-\hpw CXv Xs∂-bm-Wv.

Npcp-°-Øn¬, hmKvZØ akolpw alvZn-bpw, c≠v hy‡n-I-f-s√∂p {]kvXpX D≤m-c-W-ß-fn¬ \ns∂√mw a\- n-em-°m≥ km[n-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. (C-J-v-Xn-_m-kp¬ A≥hm¿ `m: 21)

(25)

lZvdØv Camw alvZnsb Ipdn®p lZvdØv \_n Icow ( - k ) X n c p - t a - \ n b p s S { ] k v X p X { ] h - N - \ - ß - s f √ m w A£cw {]Xn ]q¿Øn-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xmbn \njv]-£-ambn Nn¥n-°p∂ GsXm-cmƒ°pw a\- n-em-°m≥ km[n-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. AXm-b-Xv, lnPvd h¿jw 1240 \p tijw C¥y-bn¬ IZvA F∂ ÿeØv ]m¿kn hwi-P-\mbn AlvaZv F∂ t]tcmSp IqSn B ]pWym-flmhv BK-X-\m-hp-∂-Xm-sW∂ Xncp-h-N-\-߃ ]q¿Æ-ambpw ]pe¿∂n-cn-°p-∂p.

A¬]w Ncn{Xw

1250 iΔm¬ amkw 14 \p (1835 ^n{_-hcn 13 \p sh≈n-bm-gvN) C¥y-bnse JmZn-bm≥ F∂ {Kma-Øn¬ ]m¿kn hwi-P-\mbn Alv aZv(A) P\n-®p. At±-l-Øns‚ {]ÿm-\-amb AlvaZnøm {]ÿm\w (A-Ø-co-J-Øp¬ Alv a Z n - ø ) F ∂ t ] c n ¬ H c m - t K m f { ] ÿ m - \ - a m - b n , hnizhn{ipXambn

1891 ¬ At±lw Xm≥ Camw alvZn-bm-sW∂p hmZn-®p. {]kvXpX hmZ-Øns‚ aq∂mw h¿jw 1894epw \memw h¿jw 1895 epw C¥y-bnepw Ata-cn-°-bnepw A\p-{I-a-ambn kqcy-N-{μ-{K-l-W-߃ kw`-hn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. AXm-b-Xv, C¥y-bn¬ 1894 am¿®v 21 \p N{μ\pw G{]n¬ 6 \p kqcy\pw ASpØ h¿jw Ata-cn-°-bn¬ am¿®v 11 \p N{μ\pw 26\p kqcy\pw {KlWw kw`-hn-®p. tPm¿Pv. F^v. Nmtºgvkv 1902 ¬ cNn®v e≠-\n¬

{]kn-≤-s∏-Sp-Ønb The story of EclipsesF∂ {KŸ-Øn¬ {]kvXpX

{Kl-W-ßsf Ipdn®v tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.

1908 sabv 26 \p hmKvZØw sNø-s∏´ alvZo(-A) Xs‚ ZuXy \n¿Δ-l-Wm-\-¥cw Nc-a-KXnbS-™-t∏mƒ At±-l-Øns‚ H∂mw Jeo-^-bmbn Ad_n hwi-P-\mb lpvdØv auem\m \qdp-±o≥(-d) sXc-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´p. 1914 am¿®v 13 \p At±lw \ncym-X-\m-b-t∏mƒ c≠mw Jeo-^-bmbn lZvdØv Alv aZv(-A) s‚ ]p{X\pw hmKvZØw

(26)

sNø-s∏´ ]cn-jvI¿Ømhv (apkvenlv auDu-Zv) F∂p A√m-lp-hn-\m¬ kphn-tijw \¬I-s∏´ alm-flmhpw Bb lZvdØv an¿km _io-dp-±o≥ alvaqZv AlvaZv(-d) Xnc-™-Sp-°-s∏-´p. 1968 \hw-_¿ 8\p B ]pWym-flmhv Ime-K-Xn-b-S-™-t∏mƒ Camw alvZn-bpsS ]u{X≥ l: an¿km \mkn¿ AlvaZv kmln_n(d-lv) s\ aq∂mw Jeo-^-bmbn sXc-s™-Sp-Øp. 1982 Pq¨ amkw 9˛mw\p At±lw Nc-a-K-Xn-b-S-™-t∏mƒ lZvdØv an¿km Xzmln¿ AlvaZv kmln_v \memw Jeo-^-bmbn sXc-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´p.(2003 G{]n¬ 19\v At±lw Ime-KXn {]m]n-®-t∏mƒ A©mw Jeo-^-bmbn lZvdØv an¿km akvdq¿ AlvaZv kmln_v Xnc-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´p. B ]pWym-flm-hns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ C∂p temI-sØ-ßp-ambn AlvaZn-Iƒ H‰-s°-´mbn Ckvemw aX-tk-h-\-Øn-\mbn Ahn-cmaw A{im¥w ]cn-{i-an-°p-I-bm-Wv.) ({]km-[-I¿)

hmKvZØ ako-lns‚ hntbm-K-Øn\p tijw D≠m-hp∂ Ah-ÿm-¥-c-ßsf Ipdn®v ap≥I-gn™ alm-flm-°ƒ [mcm-f-ambn Zo¿L-Z¿i\w sNbvXn-´p-≠v. Ah-bn¬ NneXv am{Xw ChnsS D≤-cn®p sIm≈mw:

_dm-lo≥

F´p \q‰m-≠p-Iƒ°p apºv Pohn-®n-cp∂ Hcp kp{]-kn≤ hen-bp-√mlv Bbn-cp∂ lZvdØv Camw blv b_n≥ AJ_v hmKvZØ ako-lns‚ Ime-Øp-≠m-Ip∂ ]e AS-bm-f-ßfpw hnh-cn®p sIm≠v Xs‚ Hcp Ihn-X-bn¬ C{]-Imcw Fgp-Xp-∂p.

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Camw alvZn(-A) Ckvemans‚ kXy-sØbpw \_n Icow(-k) Xncp-ta-\n-bpsS alm-fly-sØbpw sXfn-bn®p sIm≠p≈ _dm-lo≥ sIm≠p hcp-∂-Xm-bn-cn-°pw. AXns‚ ]cn-]q¿ÆX Imc-W-ambn A√m-lp-hns‚ Hcp

(27)

krjvSn kaqlw Xs∂ AXns\ kzoI-cn-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cn-°pw. (iwkp¬ aB-cn-^n¬ Ip_vd-m, hmfyw 1, `m: 304)

lZvdØv AlvaZv(-A) _dm-los\ AlvaZnøm F∂ t]cn¬ A©p hmfy-ß-f-S-ßnb al¬ {KŸw cNn-®-tXmsS {]kvXpX {]h-N\w ]q¿-Øn-bm-bn.

{]kvXpX {KŸsØ °pdn®v A°m-esØ t]sc-SpØ ]fin-X\pw ]n∂o-Sv, lZvdØv AlvaZv(A)s‚ _≤-ssh-cn-bp-am-bn-Øo¿∂ auehn apl-ΩZv lpssk≥ _´m-ehn C{]-Imcw {]kvXm-hn-®n-´p≠v:

Fs‚ A`n-{]m-b-Øn¬ Cu {KŸw C∂sØ ÿnXn-K-Xn-Ifpw ap≥\n¿Øn t\m°p-tºmƒ CXp-hsc Ckv eman¬ {]kn-≤o-Ir-X-am-bn-´p≈ {KŸ-ßsf At]-£n®p Xpey-X-bn-√m-Ø-Xm-Wv. `mhnsb kw_-‘n®v ]d-bpI k m ≤ y - a - √ . C X n s ‚ I ¿ Ø m h v I g n ™ p t ] m b apk¬am≥am-cn¬ XpeyX ImWm≥ Ign-bmØ hn[w ]Ww sIm≠pw tZlw sIm≠pw t]\-sIm≠pw \mhv sIm≠pw {]hrØn sIm≠pw PohnX coXn-sIm≠pw Ckv em-an\v tkh\w sNøp-∂-Xn¬ ssÿcy-ap≈ Bfm-sW∂p sXfn-™n-cn-°p-∂p. Fs‚ Cu hmIy-߃ Gjy≥ AXn-i-tbm-‡n-bmbn Bsc-¶nepw Icp-Xp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ Ah¿ Ckvemans‚ i{Xp-°sf {]tXy-In®pw Bcy kam-P-°m-scbpw {_“ kam-P-°m-scbpw C{X i‡n-a-Ømb \ne-bn¬ sNdpØ Hscm‰ {KŸ-sa-¶nepw F\n-s°m∂p ImWn®p Xcs´. Ckvemans‚ klm-b-Øn-\mbn ]Ww sIm≠pw Poh≥ sIm≠pw t]\ sIm≠pw \mhv sIm≠pw {]hr-Øn sIm≠pw klm-bn-°p-Ibpw Ckv emans‚ i{Xp-°-sfbpw C¬lm-ans\ \ntj-[n-°p-∂-h-scbpw Xs‚ apºmsI h∂p ZrjvSm-¥-߃ ho£n-°p-hm≥ C{X ]ucp-j-tØmSpw ss[cy-tØmSpw IqSn sh√p hnfn-°p-Ibpw AØcw ZrjvSm-¥-߃ P\-߃°p ImWn®p sImSp-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p≈ c≠p \mem-fp-Isf F\n°p Nq≠n-°m-Wn®p Xcn-Ibpw sNø-s´.

(28)

lZvdØv Camw blv b_n≥ AJ_v hmKvZØ ako-lns‚ Ime-ti-j-ap-≠m-Ip∂ ÿnXn hnti-j-ßsf Ipdn®v Ihn-X-bn¬ C{]-Imcw {]kvXm-hn-°p-∂p:

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(Camw alvZn°v tijw) Ad_n hwi-P-\mb Hcmƒ Ah-cpsS ASp-°¬ h∂p B ]pWym-flm-hns‚ I¿Ω ]≤-Xnsb \S-∏n¬ hcp-Øp-∂-Xm-Wv. (iwkp¬ aB-cn-^v)

lZvdØv Alv aZns‚ hntbm-Km-\-¥cw H∂mw Jeo-^-bmbn \nbp-‡-cmb l: auem\m lm^nkv l°ow \qdp-±o≥(-d) Hcp Ad_n hwi-P-\m-bn-cp-∂p. At±-l-Øn-s‚ IpSpw_w 32 m-asØ Xe-ap-d-bn¬ lZvdØv Da¿^m-dq-Jp(d)ambn _‘n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p.

lZvdØv C_v\p Ad-_n(-dlv) Camw alvZn(-A)-bpsS Jeo-^-amsc Ipdn®v C{]-Imcw Acpƒ sNøp∂p:



Camw alvZn-bpsS a{¥n-am¿(-J-eo-^-am¿) A\d-_n-I-fm-bn-cn-°pw. Ah-cn¬ Bcpw Xs∂ Ad-_n-I-fm-bn-´n-s√-¶nepw Ah¿ Ad-_n-bn¬ kwkm-cn-°m≥ sI¬∏p-≈-h--cmbncn°pw. Ah-cn¬ Hcmƒ Jp¿-B≥ lm^n-kv (-lr-Zn-kvX-am-°nb Bƒ) Bbn-cn-°pw. At±lw Ah-cpsS (Camw alvZn-bp-sS) IpSpw-_-Øn¬ s]´ Bfm-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√. F∂mepw At±lw Camw alvZn-bpsS {][m\

(29)

Jeo-^bpw hniz-kvX-cn¬ apJy\pw Bbn-cn-°pw. (^pØq-lm-Øp¬ a°n-ø. hmfyw 3 `m: 364, 365)

{]kvXpX {]h-N\w A£cw {]Xn ]q¿Øn-bm-bn-´p-≈-Xmbn ImWmw. ho≠pw l: Camw blvb_n≥ AJ_v

{]kvXm-hn-°p-I-bm-Wv.

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(A-d_n hwi-P-\mb H∂mw Jeo-^bv°p tijw) alv-aqZv {]Xy-£-s∏´p bp≤w IqSmsX Xs∂ imw ]nSn-®-S-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cn°pw. B ImeØv Hcp alm-bp≤w s]m´n-∏p-d-s∏-Sp-Ibpw At\Iw bphm-°ƒ(-P-hm≥am¿) sIms∂m-Sp-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xm-Wv. (iwkp¬ aB-cn-^v)

lZvdØv Camw alvZn-bpsS c≠mw Jeo-^-bm-bn-cp∂ lZvdØv an¿km _io-dp-±o≥ alvaqZv AlvaZns‚ Jnem-^Øv Bcw-`n® h¿jw s]m´n-∏p-d-s∏´ 1914 se H∂mw temI-a-lm-bp≤w ChnsS A\p-kva-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. lnPvd h¿jw 562 ¬ Ncaw {]m]n® l: \nAv-a-Øp√m hen (d-lv) Xs‚ Hcp ]m¿kn Ihn-X-bn¬ C{]Imcw {]kvXm-hn-°p∂p:

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>?@ABCDE >>?@ABCD?@ABCDEE >?@ABCDE

1200 kwh-’-c-߃°p tijw temIØv A¬`p-X-I-c-ß-fmb kw`-h-߃ \S-°p-∂-Xmbn F\n-°n-t∏mƒ ImWm≥ km[n-°p-∂p. AlvaZv F∂ Bƒ {]Xy-£-\mbn al-Ømb Bflob hnπhw \S-Øp-∂-Xmbn Rm≥

(30)

Z¿i-\-Øn¬ ImWp-∂p. At±-l-Øns‚ Ime-L´w hnP-b-{]-Z-ambn Ah-km-\n-®m¬ AXn\p tijw At±-l-Øns‚ ]p{X≥ At±-l-At±-l-Øns‚ al-Ømb kvac-Wsb \ne-\ndpØp-∂-Xm-Wv.(A¬ A¿_-bo≥ ^o Alvhm-en¬ alvZn-øo≥)

blq-Z¿ Hcp-an®p Iq´-s∏-Sp∂p

Ah-km-\-Im-eØv blq-Zn-Iƒ temI-Øns‚ \m\m-`m-K-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw ^e-kvXo-\n¬ h∂p tNcp-∂-Xm-sW∂ Hcp {]h-N\w hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\n-¬ ImWp-∂p. AXm-bXv:

ا ًفي ِف

َل ْم ُكِب اَنْئ ِج ِةَر ِخ ْالآ ُدْعَو َءاَج اَذِإَف

HSp-hn-esØ hmKvZØw h∂p `hn-°p-tºmƒ \mw \nßsf (b-lq-Zn-I-sf) Hcp-an®p Iq´p-∂-Xm-Wv(17:105). Cu Bb-Øn\p hymJym\w \¬In sIm≠v lZvdØv C_v\p A∫m-kv(-d)hpw a‰p ap^- n-co-ßfpw Cu {]h-N\w hmKvZØw sNø-s∏´ ako-lns‚ Bhn¿`mh ImeØv ]q¿Øn-bm-hp-∂-Xm-sW∂p {]kvXm-hn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. AXm-b-Xv, hmKvZØ akolv {]Xy-£-s∏-´p, B HSp-hn-esØ hmKvZm\w \nd-th-‰p-tºmƒ ssZh-tIm-]-Øn\p ]m{Xo-`q-X-cmbn blq-Z¿ ^e-kvXo-\n¬ h∂p tNcp-∂-Xm-Wv.( lZvdØv Camw Pem-ep-±o≥ kpbq-Øn-bpsS Zp¿sd a≥kq¿ hmfyw.3. t]Pv 141; lZvdØv Camw _mJn¿(-d) Ah¿I-fpsS _lm-dp¬ A≥hm¿ hmfyw.13 `mKw 22 t\m°p-I)

{]kvXpX {]h-N\w 1948 sabv amkw ^e-kvXo\n¬ C{km-bo¬ tÉv cq]o-I-cn-°-s∏-´-Xn\p tijw temI-Øns‚ hnhn[ `mK-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw blq-Zn-Iƒ Xß-fpsS tÉn¬ A`-bm¿∞n-Isft∂mWw IpSn-tb-dn-∏m¿°m≥ XpS-ßn-b-tXm-Sp-IqSn hfsc hy‡-amb coXn-bn¬ ]q¿Øn-bm-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. News from Israel F∂ amkn-I-bpsS 19mw hmfyw 8mw e°-Øn¬ (1972 G{]n¬ 17--- se ]Xn-∏n¬) People of Israel F∂ io¿j-I-Øn¬ hnhn[ \mSp-I-fn¬ \n∂pw C{km-tb¬ tÉn¬

(31)

IpSn-tb-dn-∏m¿Øp-h-∂-h-cpsS Nn{X-߃ sImSp-Øp-sIm≠v C{]-Imcw Fgp-Xp∂p:

The faces on this page are the faces of the people

of Israel from almost 100 countries. theyare

speak-ers of more than 50 langauges. Their features tell the story of the diversity of the people who have come to the country, to form a style-and united-nations. The people of Israel come from the lands of the middle-East, from Egypt and Yemen, Syria and Lebanon, Iraq and Iran. They came from the lands of North Africa, Algerea and Tunisia, Morocco and Libeya. They come from the countries of southern Europe, Greece, Turkey, the Balkans and Italy, and from westers, east-ern and central Europe. They came from North cen-tral Asia from the Caucasus and Kazakisthan, from India. They came from Austria and from China. All these people and many more have come to Israel during the 23 years of statehood. They have absorbed they have learned the language, they have found jobs and made new lives for themselves.

AXm-bXv Cu Nn{X-ß-fn¬ ImWp∂ apJ-߃ C{km-bo¬ P\-ß-fpsS apJ-ß-fm-Wv. GI-tZiw \qdp cmPy-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw h∂ 50¬ ]cw `mj-Iƒ kwkm-cn-°p-∂-h-cm-Wn-h¿. hn`n∂ coXn-bn-ep≈ apJ-`m-h-ßfpw BIr-Xn-Ifpw D≈ Ch¿ Htc coXn-bn-ep≈ GIXz at\m-`m-h-ap≈ Hcp cmjv{SsØ sI´n-∏-Sp-°m≥ Cu \m´n¬ h∂n-´p-≈-h-cm-Wv. C{km-bo¬ tÉn-ep≈ P\-߃ a≤y ]uckvXy \mSp-I-fn¬ \n∂pw CuPn-]vXv, ba≥ kndn-b, se_-\m≥, Cdm-Jv, Cdm≥ F∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw h∂-h-cm-Wv. hSs° B{^n-°-bn¬ \n∂pw AƒPo-cn-b, SqWo-jy, samtdm-t°m, en_n-b, sX°≥ bptdm-∏v, {Kokv, Xp¿°v, _mƒ°≥kv, C‰-en, ]Sn-™mdp Ing°p a≤y bqtdm]y≥ cmPy-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw h∂-Xm-Wv. DØc a≤y

(32)

Gjy≥ \mSp-I-fn¬ \n∂pw ImIvk-kv, Jkm-°n-kvXm≥, C¥y, Bkv{Xn-b, ssN\ apX-emb \mSp-I-fn¬ \n∂pw h∂p ChnsS IpSn-tb-dn-∏m¿Ø-h-cp-am-Wn-hn-SpsØ P\-߃. Ch¿ Ign™ 23 h¿j-߃°Iw C{km-tb¬ tÉv cq]o-Ir-X-am-b-Xn\p tijw h∂-h-cm-Wv. Ch¿ Cu \mSp-ambn Aen™p tN¿∂n-cn-°p-I-bmWv. Ch¿ Chn-SpsØ `mj ]Tn®p X߃°p≈ tPmen-Iƒ Is≠ØpIbpw Aßns\ ]pXn-sbmcp Pohn-XsØ Bhn-jvI-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-°p∂p (C-{km-bo¬ \yqkv, hmeyw 19 e°w 8, 15-˛4-˛72).

hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\n¬ ImWp∂ {]kvXpX {]h-N-\-Øns‚ hy‡-amb ]q¿Øo-I-c-Whpw hmKvZØ ako-lns‚ BK-a-\sØ ImWn-°p∂ Hcp al-Ømb ZrjvSm-¥hp-am-Wn-Xv.

al-Ømb {]h¿Ø-\-߃

hr£w AXn-s‚ ^ew sIm≠-dn-b-s∏-Sp-sa∂p ]d-™Xp t]mse AlvaZnøm {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ CX-]-cy-¥-ap≈ BtKmf {]h¿Ø-\-ßfpw AXn\v e`n®p sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ al-Ømb hnP-b-ßfpw {]kvXpX Bflob {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ kXy-Øn-te-°p≈ \nd-™ km£y-ß-fm-Wv. AXns‚ CXx-]-cy-¥-ap≈ km¿Δ euIoI {]h¿Ø-\-ßsf Ipdn®v hni-Zo-I-cn-°m≥ ÿe-]-cn-anXn A\p-h-Zn-°p-∂n-√.

Alv aZnøm {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ hI-bmbn ]m›mXy ]uckvXy \mS-p-I-fn¬ \qdp-I-W-°n¬ ]pXnb ]≈n-Iƒ \n¿Ωn-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.

C¥y°pw ]m°n-ÿm\pw ]pdsa temI-Øp-≈136 cmjv{S-ß-fn¬ Bbn-c-I-W-°n-\p≈ {]Nm-cW tI{μ-߃ {]h¿Ø\ \nc-X-am-Wv. [mcmfw Ad_n tImtf-Pp-Ifpw hnZym-`ymk tI{μ-ßfpw Bip-]-{Xn-Ifpw BXpcm-e-b-ßfpw Ct∏mƒ {]h¿Øn®p hcp-∂p.

(33)

{]kn-≤o-Ir-X-am-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. 100 `mj-I-fn¬ hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ ]cn-`mj {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°-W-sa∂ Dt±i \n¿Δ-l-W-Øn¬ Pam-AØp apgp-In-bn-cn-°p-I-bmWv.

IqSmsX hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\n¬ \n∂pw t{ImUo-I-cn-°-s∏´ [mcmfw Bb-Øp-Iƒ (117) `mj-I-fnepw AXp-t]mse Xnc-s™-Sp-°-s∏´ lZo-Yp-Iƒ 115 `mj-I-fnepw Camw alvZ-n-bpsS hN-\-߃ 112 `mj-I-fnepw A®-Sn-Iƒ {]kn-≤o-Ir-X-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p.

IqSmsX 100-e-[nIw temI-`m-j-I-fn¬ Alv aZnøm kmln-Xy-߃ temI-Øns‚ \m\m-`m-Kßfnepw tIm-Sn-°-W-°n¬ {]N-cn-∏n-°-s∏´p hcn-I-bm-Wv. Aßns\ Ign™ 14 \q‰m-≠p-I-fmbn apkv enw temI-Øn\p Ct∂ hsc sNøm≥ km[n-°m-Xn-cp∂ AXn-a-l-Ømb tkh\w Ign™ Nne h¿j-ß-fn-embn sNøp-hm-\p≈ alm-`mKyw A√mlp AlvaZnøm Pam-A-Øn\v X∂-\p-{K-ln-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.

1982 apX¬ 1993 hsc-bp≈ \memw Jnem-^-Øns‚ 11 h¿j-°m-e-L-´-Øn-\p-≈n¬ temI-Øp≈ hnhn[ `mK-ß-fn¬ 1808 ]pXnb ]≈n-Iƒ \n¿Ωn-°-s∏-Sp-I-bp-≠m-bn. Ch IqSmsX Ct∏mƒ 217 ]≈n-Iƒ \n¿Ωm-W-Øns‚ hnhn[ L´-ß-fn-em-Wp-≈-Xv. A√m-lp-hns‚ A\p-{K-l-Øm¬ 1993 ¬ 13 cmPy-ß-fn-embn 40 {]N-cW tI{μ߃ ÿm]n-X-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Ct∏mƒ temIØv hnhn[ cmPy-ß-fn-se√mw IqSn 465 {]N-cW tI{μ-߃ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p. Hmtcm {]N-cW tI{μ-Øn\pw Iogn¬ \qdp IW-°n¬ anj-\p-Iƒ Ckvemw aX-tk-h\w \S-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. 726 AlvaZn anj-\-dn-am¿ CXn¬ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p. Ch¿s°-Xn-cn¬ {InkvXy≥ anj-\-dn-Iƒ e£-°-W-°n-em-Wp-≈-Xv. F∂m¬ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS ^esØ kw_-‘n-s®-S-tØmfw A√m-lp-hns‚ A\p-{K-l-Øm¬ 726 AlvaZn anj-\-dn-a-m¿°v e`n-°p∂ hnP-b-Øns‚ Bb-c-Øn¬ H∂p IqSn e£-°-W-°n-ep≈ {InkvXy≥ anj-\-dn-am¿°v e`n-°p-∂n-√.

(34)

Im\-U-bn¬ Cu h¿jw 40 aney≥ tUmf-dn¬ \n¿Ωn® AXn-a-t\m-l-chpw hnim-ehpw Bb ]≈n AhnsS \n¿Ωn-X-amb a‰p ]f--f-n-I-fn¬ sh®v G‰hpw hep-Xm-Wv. 1982 ¬ Im\-U-bn¬ Pam-A-Øn\p 45 G°¿ `qan kz¥-am-bp-≠m-bn-cp∂p F¶n¬ 1993 ¬ AXv 331 G°-dmbn h¿≤n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. CtX-{]-Imcw P¿Ω-\n-bpsS ]e-`m-K-ß-fn-embn \qdp IW-°n\v G°¿ `qan-Ifpw {]N-c-W-tI-{μ-ßfpw Alva-Zn-Iƒ°p-≠v. Ahn-sS-sb√mw anj-\dn {]h¿Ø\w ]ptcm-K-an®p hcn-I-bm-Wv.

Npcp-°-Øn¬ A√m-lp-hns‚ A\p-{K-l-Øm¬ AlvaZnøm Pam-A-Øns‚ BtKm-fm-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn-ep≈ ]ptcm-K-Xn-bpsS thKX \mƒ tXmdpw amkw tXmdpw h¿jw tXmdpw ]q¿Δm-[nIw i‡n {]m]n®p hcn-IbmWv.

kvs]bn≥ ]≈n

lnPvd ]Xn-\memw \q‰m-≠ns‚ Ah-km\ h¿jw AXm-bXv 1400 lnPvdn Zp¬J-AZv 29˛mw \p (1980 HIvtSm-_¿ 19 \p) apkvenw `c-W-Øn-em-bn-cp∂ kvs]bn-\ns‚ ]X-\-Øn\v (1933. G.-Un) GI-tZiw Ggc \q‰m-≠p-Iƒ°p tijw lZvdØv Camw alvZn-bpsS aq∂mw Jeo-^-bmb lZvdØv an¿km \mkn¿ Alv aZv kmln-_ns‚ Xr°-c-ß-fm¬ kvs]bn≥ ]≈n°v inem ÿm]\w \n¿Δ-ln-°-s∏-´p.

GI-tZiw \m\qdv h¿j-߃°p apºv Pohn-®n-cp∂ apP-±nZpw alm-flmhpw Bbn-cp∂ lZvdØv Camw A_vZp-¬ hlvlm-_p-»-A-dm-\n(-N-caw 1568 G.-Un.976 lnPvd h¿jw) Xs‚ apJvX-k¿ XZvInd Jp¿Øp_ F∂ {KŸ-Øn¬ kvs]bn\n¬ {InkvXym-\n-I-fpsS A[n-Im-c-Øn\p tijw Camw alvZn-bpsS ImeØv Bflob-amb A[n-Imcw e`n-°p-sa∂pw kvs]bn≥ \nhm-kn-Iƒ hmKvZØ alvZn-tbmSv apl-Ω-Zo-i-co-AØv AhnsS ÿm]n-°p-hm≥ A`y¿∞n-°p-sa∂pw XZ-h-k-c-Øn¬ Camw alvZn-bpsS

(35)

{]Xn-\n[n \mkn¿ Bbn-cn-°p-sa∂pw hfsc hy‡-ambn {]h-Nn-®n-´p-≠v. At±lw Xs‚ {KŸ-Øn¬ Fgp-Xnb hN-\-߃ NphsS tN¿°p∂p:

alvZn Camw ]m›mXy \mSp-I-fn¬ ]cy-S\w \S-Øp-tºmƒ kvs]bn≥ cmPy-hm-kn-Iƒ At±-lsØ kao-] n ® v A √ t b m A √ m - l p - h n s ‚ h e n - ø m - b p ≈ h s c , kvs]bn≥ \m´ns\ klm-bn°q! kvs]bn≥ \mSpw AXnse \nhm-kn-Ifpw Bflo-b-ambn \in®p sIm≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Cu \m´n¬ {InkvXym-\n-I-fmb Ahn-izm-kn-Ifpw _lp-ssZh hnizm-kn-Ahn-izm-kn-Ifpw Xß-fpsS B[n-]Xyw ÿm]n-®n-cn-°p-I-bmWv F∂pw ]d-bpw. At∏mƒ alvZn

(36)

F√m ]m›mXy \mSp-I-fnepw Xs‚ {KŸ-ßfpw {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-ßfpw Ab®p sIm≠v aX-sØbpw apl-ΩZo ico-A-Øn-s\bpw klm-bn-°p-hm≥ Blzm\w sNøp-∂-Xm-Wv. At∏mƒ ]m›mXy P\-߃ \m\m-`m-K-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw At±-l-Øns‚ Blzm-\sØ kzoI-cn-®p-sIm≠v HØp tNcp-∂-Xm-bn-cn-°pw. At∏mƒ alvZn-bpsS ]S (P-amA-Øv) -bpsS t\XrXzw Camw alvZn-bpsS {]Xn-\n-[n-bpsS ssIbn-em-bn-cn°pw At±lw \mknsd Zos\ Ckvemw Bbn-cn-°pw.(apJvXk¿ XZvInd Jp¿Øp_ `m: 130)

{]kvXpX {]h-N-\-Øns‚ ]pe¿® 1980 HIvtSm-_¿ amkw 9˛mw\p kvs]bn≥ _im-dØv akvPn-Zns‚ inem ÿm]\ I¿Ωw lZvdØv an¿km \mkn¿ AlvaZv (-d-lv) \n¿Δ-ln-®-tXmsS kw`-hn-®p. kvs]bn-\n¬ Ckv emans‚ Bhn¿`mhw aq∂mw Jeo^ lkvdØv Dkvam≥ (-d) Ah¿I-fpsS Jnem-^Øv Ime-Øm-Wp-≠m-b-sX∂pw Jp¿Øp_ ]´-WsØ Xmcn-Jn-_v\p-kn-bm-Zns‚ {]Xn-\n[n aqkm \pssk¿ HIvtSm_¿ amk-Øn-em-bn-cp∂p Iog-S-°n-bn-cp-∂-sX∂pw Ncn-{X-Øn¬ tcJ-s∏´p InS-°p-∂p. \_n-I-cow(-k) Acpƒ sNbvX F√m AS-bm-f-ßfpw Hcp hni-Zo-I-cWw Bh-iy-an-√mØ hn[-Øn¬ ]I¬ shfn®w t]mse ChnsS ]q¿Øn-bm-bn-°-gn-™p. B ]pWym-flmhv ]d™p X∂ AtX cq]-Øn¬ F√m KpW-ß-fp-sam-Øp Camw alvZn {]Xy-£-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. {]h-Nn-°-s∏´ AS-bm-f-ß-tfmSp IqSn Ah-Xo¿Æ-\m-bn´pw B]p-Wym-flm-hns\ kzoI-cn-°m≥ temIw Xøm-dm-bn-√. kIe P\-hn-`m-K-ßfpw At±-lsØ \ntj-[n-°p-Ibpw Xß-fm-emhpw hn[-sa√mw l-sØbpw At±-l-Øns‚ A\p-bm-bn-I-sfbpw t{Zmln-°p-Ibpw a¿±n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp sIm≠n-cp∂p! bmsXmcp kXym-flmhpw \ntj[n h¿§-Øns‚ ITn-\-amb ]cn-lm-k-Øn\pw \nμbv°pw ]m{X-am-Im-Xn-cp-∂n-´n√ F∂v hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ BZw \_n(-A) apX¬ apl-ΩZv \_n(k) hsc-bp≈ ]cn-ip-≤m-flm-°-fpsS kw`-h-߃ hnh-cn®p sIm≠v

(37)

hy‡-am-°n-Ø-cp-∂p.

Ip^vdv ^Xvh-Iƒ

{]hm-N-I≥am¿°v A\p-`-hn-t°≠n h∂n-´p≈ GXn¿∏p-I-fp-sSbpw Ip^v¿ ^Xvh-I-fp-sSbpw IY AhnsS Ccn-°-s´. apkvenw temIw C∂p Xß-fpsS Cam-apIfpw Bflob Kpcp-°≥am-cp-ambn hniz-kn®p _lp-am-\n-®-mZ-cn®p hcp∂ alm-flm-°-sfbpw B Ime-Øp≈ De-am-°ƒ shdpsX hn´n-cp-∂n-√. Ah-sc√mw Xs∂ De-am-°-fpsS Ip^v¿ ^XvhIƒ°pw ]ma-c-P-\-ß-De-am-°-fpsS a¿±-\-߃°pw CS-bm-b-h-cm-bn-cp-∂p.

{]kvXpX Cam-ap-I-sfbpw alm-flm-°-sfbpw ]oUn-∏n® ]ptcm-lnX h¿§-sØ-°mƒ ITn\am-cm-bn-cn°pw C°m-esØ De-am-°ƒ F∂pw Ah-cpsS Benw-Iƒ BIm-i-Øn¬ Iogn¬ F√m-hn[ Ipg-∏-ß-fp-sSbpw Imc-W-°m-cmb \nIrjvS Pohn-I-fm-bn-cn°pw F∂ \_n hN\w \ap°v a\- n-em-°n-Ø-cp-∂p. IqSm-sX, lZvdØv ssiJv aplvbn±o≥ C_v\p Ad_n Xs‚ ^pØp-lm-Øp¬ a-°nø F∂ {KŸ-Øn¬ C{]-Imcw ]d-bp∂p:



Camw alvZn {]Xy-£-\m-bm¬ Benw-Ifpw ^pJ-lm-°fpw Xs∂-bm-bn-cn°pw At±-l-Øns‚ {]Xy£ i{Xp-°ƒ ( ^pØq-lm-Øp¬ a°nøx hmfyw 2 `m : 242)

BI-bm¬, C°m-e-Ø-h-X-cn® kXym-flm-hmb hmKvZØ ako-lns\ C∂sØ ]finX h¿§w \ncm-I-cn-°p-Ibpw FXn-cn-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXn-s√-¶nte

(38)

A¤p-X-Øn-\-h-Im-i-ap-≈q.

B ]pWym-flmhv ssZh-\n-bp-‡-\mb kXy-Zq-X-\mWv Xms\∂p hmZn-®-t∏mƒ kp∂n apkvenw-Iƒ, {InkvXym-\n-I-fpsS kzc-߃s°m-∏n®v c≠m-bncw sIm√w apºv BIm-i-Øn¬ Ib-dn-t∏mb Cukm-\-_n(-A) DS-temsS ho≠pw BIm-i-Øn¬ \n∂pw Cdßn h∂m-e-√msX X߃ hniz-kn-°p-I-bn-s√∂ \ne-]m-SmWv kzoI-cn-®Xv! X߃°v bmsXmcp tZmjhpw ]‰n-bn-´n-s√∂pw X߃°n\n Bcp-sSbpw Bh-iy-an-s√∂pw D¬]-Xn-jvWp-°ƒ ]d-™p. auZq-Zn-Iƒ IΩyq-WnÃvImsc A\p-I-cn®p sIm≠v `c-W-Iq-S-a-√msX X߃°v as‰m∂pw Bh-iy-an-s√∂pw X߃ lpIp-asØ Cemln (ssZ-hoI `c-Ww) ÿm]n-°p-∂-Xm-sW∂pw tLmjn-®p. Aßns\ lZvdØv Camw alvZn°pw At±-l-Øns‚ {]ÿm--\-Øn\pw FXn-cmbn Hcp kpi‡ i{Xp-\n-c-Xs∂ ]Sp-Øp-b¿Ø-s∏-´p. F∂m¬, A√mlp Xs‚ hcnjvS Zmk\p kphn-ti-j-a-dn-bn-®Xv C{]-Im-c-amWv:

 UVW"!XYZ#0[\]

 UVW"!XYZ#0[\]

 UVW"!XYZ#0[\]

 UVW"!XYZ#0[\]

Rm≥ \ns‚ X_veoKns\ `qan-bp-sS tImWp-Iƒ hsc FØn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv.

      

      

      

      

  !"!"#$!" %

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  !"!"#$!" %

temIØv Hcp Xm°o-Xp-Im-c≥ h∂p. temIw At±-lsØ cn-®n-√. F∂m¬, ssZhw At±-At±-lsØ kzoI-cn-°p-Ibpw i‡n-a-Ømb B{I-a-W-ß-fm¬ At±-l-Øns‚ kXysØ ÿm]n-°p-Ibpw sNøpw.

(39)

AXn-Po-hn-®p, Xs‚ I¿Ø-hy-ß-sf√mw ]q¿Øn-bm-°n, Xs‚ hmZ-߃ temI-Øns‚ \m\m-`m-K-ß-fnepw {]N-cn-∏n-®p. Xs‚ {]h¿Ø-\-߃ XpS¿∂p t]mIp-hm≥ kpkw-L-Sn-X-amb Hcp Pam-AØv ÿm]n-®p. ssZhoI hmKvZ-Ø-a-\p-k-cn®p Ipd™ Imew sIm≠v At±-l-Øns‚ \maw temI-Øns‚ \m\m-tIm-Wp-I-fnepw ]c-∂p. ]©m-_nse Hcp Ip{Km-a-amb JmZn-bm-\n¬ \n∂pw s]mßnb B ssZhoI Imlfw C∂v bqtdm-∏ns‚ aWn-am-fn-I-I-fnepw B{^n-°≥ h\m-¥-c-ß-aWn-am-fn-I-I-fnepw {InkvXob tIm´-sIm-Ø-f-ß-fnepw \nco-izc tI{μ-ß-fnepw H∂p t]mse ams‰men sIm≈p-I-bm-Wv. temI-Øp≈ Hcp i‡n°pw XS™p \n¿Øm≥ høm-Ø-hn[w B {]ÿm\w C∂p hf¿∂p km¿Δ-eu-IoI cq]w ssIs°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.

Ipcniv XI-cp∂p!

alvZn ako-lns‚ {][m\ I¿Ø-hy-ambn \_n Icow (-k) C{]-Imcw {]kvXm-hn-°p∂p:

ُر ِس ْکَی

َف

ﱠصلا

َبیِل

َریِx

ْy ِخلا ُلُتْقَیَو

At±lw h∂v Ipcn-ins\ DS-°p-Ibpw ]∂nsb sIm√p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xm-Wv. (_pJmcn hmfyw 2 `m :19)

ChnsS hmKvZØ akolv h∂p temI-Øp≈ Ipcn-ip-I-sfm°bpw DS-°p-hm\pw ]∂n-Isf sIms∂m-Sp-°p-hm\pw Np‰n-Øn-cn™p sIm≠n-cn-°pw F∂√ Dt±-iyw. A¬]s-a-¶nepw _p≤n-bp-≈-h¿ Aßs\ Icp-Xp-I-bn-√. Ipcn-i-pS°pw F∂-Xns‚ Dt±iyw Ipcnip hnizm-k-Øns‚ s]m≈-Øcw Xpd∂p ImWn°pw F∂p a{X-am-Wv. AtX {]Imcw Xs∂ ]∂nsb sIm√pI F∂-Xn\p ]∂n-bpsS kzm`m-h-ap-≈-hsc C√m-Xm-°m≥ {ian-°pI F∂p-am-W¿∞w. Ipcn-ip-S°pw F∂ lZoYp hmIy-Øn\p hymJym\w \¬In-sIm≠v inbm-°-fpsS kp{]-kn≤

(40)

{KŸ-amb _nlm-dp¬ A≥hm¿ C{]-Imcw Fgp-Xp∂p:

Ipcn-ip-S°pw F∂-Xns‚ hnh-£, {InkvXob hnizm-k-ß-fpsS s]m≈-Ø-c-ßsf Xpd∂p ImWn-°p-Ibpw Aßs\ CkvemanI ico-A-Øns\ kpi-‡-am-°p-Ibpw sNøpw F∂m-Wv. (_nlm-dp¬ A≥hm¿ hmfyw 13 `m:198) Ipcn-ip-S-°pI F∂ IrXyw lZvdØv akolv auDu-Zv(-A) hf-sc-b-[nIw hnP-b-I-c-ambn \n¿Δ-ln-®n-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂Xv Hcp bmYm¿∞yw am{X-am-Wv. ]sØm-ºXmw \q‰m-≠ns‚ Ah-km-\hpw Ccp-]Xmw \q‰m-\q‰m-≠ns‚ BZyhpw {InkvXp-a-Xm-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ Ckvemans\ \mam-h-ti-j-am-°p-hm≥ I® sI´n-bn-d-ßn-bn-cp-∂p.

^mZ¿ hneyw _tdmkv Xs‚ Hcp {KŸ-Øn¬ ASpØ `mhn-bn¬Øs∂ Ckveman--t\m-Sp-Iƒ apgp-h\pw tbip-hns‚ sImSn-°o-gn¬ h∂p tNcp-sa∂pw IA-_-Øp√m bn¬ Ipcnip \m´-Ø-°-hÆw Ckvemw `qap-J-Øp-\n∂p \mam-h-ti-j-am-bn-Øo-cp-sa∂p hoc-hmZw apg-°n-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬, Cu hoc-hm-Zhpw sh√p-hn-fn-bp-sa√mw lZvdØv AlvaZn(A)s‚ BK-a-\-tØmSp IqSn \ne®p t]mbn. tbip {InkvXp C∂pw hm\Øv Dbn-tcmsS hmkw sNøp-I-bm-sW∂pw Ah-km-\-Imew At±lw Xm≥ Xs∂ `qap-J-Øn-dßn hcp-∂-Xm-sW∂pw {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ hniz-kn®p hcp-∂p. Cu hnizmkw apkvenwI-fnepw IS∂p IqSn-b-Xn-\m¬ {InkvXp-a-X-Øn\v apkvenwI-fn¬ {]N-cn-∏n-°p-hm-\p≈ kml-N-cy-߃ krjvSn-°-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. F∂m¬, lZvdØv akolv auDu-Zv(-A) h∂p hnip≤ Jp¿-B\pw ss__nfpw aptJ-\bpw Ncn{X kXy-ß-fmepw Cukm\_n(-A) acn®p t]mbn-cn-°p∂p F∂v i‡n-bp‡w sXfn-bn-®p-Im-´n. B ]pWym-flmhv C{]-Im-c-amWv

(41)

{]Jym-]n-®Xv:

BIm-iØp \n∂v Bcpw Hcn-°epw Cd-ßn-h-cn-I-bn-s√∂v \n߃ Hm¿Ωn®p sIm≈p-hn≥! C∂v Pohn-®n-cn-°p∂ Fs‚ hntcm-[n-I-sf-√m-h-cpw, Xß-fn¬ Bcpw Cuk-_v\p-a¿bw BIm-iØp \n∂p Cd-ßp-∂Xp ImWm-sX-Xs∂ acn-s®m-Sp-ßpw. ]ns∂ tijn-°p∂ Ah-cpsS k¥-Xn-Ifpw Cuk-_v\p-a¿bw BIm-i-Øp-\n∂p Cd-ßp-∂Xv ImWmsX Xs∂ ac-W-a-S-bpw. Ah-cpsS k¥-Xn-Ifpw k¥-Xn-I-fpsS k¥-Xn-k¥-Xn-Ifpw acn®p Xocpw. F∂m¬, Ahcpw a¿b-ans‚ ]p{X≥ BIm-i-Øp-\n∂p Cd-ßp-∂Xv ImWp-I-bn-√. At∏mƒ Cu hnizm-khpw {]Xo-£bpw sh®p ]pe¿Øp-∂-h-cpsS lrZbØn¬ ]cn-{`aw P\n-°pw. I m c - W w , B { I q i n s ‚ t a [ m - h n - X z - I m e w I g n ™ p t]mIbpw temIw Hcp \ho-\- L-´-Øn¬ {]th-in-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p-≠m-bn-cn-°pw. F∂m-epw, a¿b-ans‚ ]p{X≥ Cukm(A) AXp-h-scbpw BIm-iØp \n∂v Cd-ßn-bn-cn-°-bn-√. XZ-h-k-c-Øn¬ Nn¥m-io-e¿ CØcw hnizm-k-ßsf ]msS shdpØp XpS-ßpw. Aßns\ C∂p apX¬ aq∂p \q‰m≠v ]q¿Æ-am-Ip-∂-Xn-\p -ap-ºmbn Cukmsb ImØn-cn-°p-∂-h¿˛ apkvenwItfm {InkvXym-\n-Itfm Bb F√m-hcpw˛ At±-l-Øns‚ hcn-hn-s\-°p-dn®v \ncm-i-s∏-Sp-Ibpw Xosc a\w aSpØv Cu anYym-hn-izm-ksØ ]cn-Xy-Pn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. ]ns∂ temIØv Htc aXhpw Htc t\Xmhpw am{X-am-bn-cn-°pw. Rm≥ Hcp _oPm-hm]w sNøp-∂-Xn-\m-bn´p h∂n-cn-°p-∂p. B _oPw Fs‚ ssIbm¬ hnX-°-s∏´p Ign-™p. AXp hf¿∂p hcn-Ibpw bYm-Imew ]q°p-Ibpw Imbv°p-Ibpw sNøpw. CXns\ XS-bpI Bcmepw km≤y-a-√.

Aßns\ {InkvXp aX-t\-Xm-°-fpsS kz]v\-ßfpw taml-ßfpw ]q¿Øo-I-cn-°-s∏-Sm-Ø-h-bm-bn-Ø-s∂-bn-cp-∂p. Cukm-\-_n-bpsS hchpw {]Xo-£n®v tatem´v t \ m ° n - s ° m ≠ n - c n - ° p ∂ a p k v e n w I - f p s S I Æ p - I ƒ X\nsb Iotgm´v ]Xn™p sIm≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.

(42)

adp-`m-K-Øv, AlvaZnøm {]ÿm\w DØ-tcm-Øcw A`n-hr-≤n-bn-te°v IpXn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.

i{Xp\nc

AlvaZnøm {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ AXn-a-l-Ømb hnP-bhpw A`n-hr-≤nbpw I≠p Akq-bm-ep-°-fmb ]m°n-ÿ m \ o a p √ - a m ¿ 1 9 7 4 ¬ X ß - f p s S ] c - k v ] - c - a p ≈ kv]¿≤bpw I^v¿^XvhIfpw hnkva-cn®v {][m-\-a{¥n `qt´msh icWw {]m]n-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. Xß-fpsS ]pWy-XmSn sIm≠v `qt´m-hns‚ _q´p-Iƒ t]mfojv sNbvXp sImSp-°m≥ IqSn Xøm-dm-sW∂p Ah¿ {]Jym-]n-®n-cp∂p! Fßn-s\-sb-¶nepw Cu apko-_-Øn¬ \n∂pw Xßsf c£n-t°-W-sa-∂pw, AlvaZn-Isf Aapkvenw \yq\-]-£-ambn {]Jym-]n-t°-W-sa∂pw `qt´m-hns‚ Im¬]n-Sn®v Ah¿ XmWp-tIWt]-£n-®p. Aßns\ `qt´m AlvaZn-Isf Aapkvenw \yq\-]-£-ambn {]Jym-]n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. AtXmsS AlvaZn-Iƒs°-Xnsc a\p-jyXzw e÷n-°p∂ a¿±-\-߃ Agn®p hnS-s∏-´p. AlvaZn-I-fm-I-s´, Hcp {]Xn-Im-c-Øn\pw Hcp-ßmsX Xß-fpsS F√m-amb B k¿Δm[n \mY-s\-Øs∂ icWw {]m]n-°p-I-bmWv sNbvXXv. F∂m¬, {]hm-NI i{Xp-°-tfmSv A√mlp Fßns\ s]cp-am-dntbm AXp-t]m-se-Øs∂ Ah≥ lZvdØv AlvaZp¬ JmZn.-bm-\n-bp-sS˛ Camw alvZn-bp-sS˛ i{Xp-°-tfmSpw s]cp-am-dn. A√mlp ]d-bp-I-bmWv:

ٍلي ِّج ِس ن ِّم

ًةَراَج ِح اَْ‘َلَع اَنْرَطْمَأَو

\mw Ah-cpsS ta¬ ({]-hm-N-I≥am-cpsS i{Xp-°-fpsS ta¬) `b-¶-]-c-amb I≥ag s]øn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn(11:83) ho≠pw ]d-bp∂p:˛

(43)

A\ymbw {]h¿Øn® t{Zmln-I-fpsS ta¬ ssZh-Øn¬ \n∂pw B]Øp hcn-Ibpw Aßns\ Ah¿ Xß-f p s S ` h - \ - ß - t Xß-f m - s S m ∏ w \ n e w s ] m Ø p - I b p w sNbvXp.(11:68).

]m°n-ÿm-\n¬ \S-∂Xpw CXp-X-s∂-bm-Wv. Alva-Zn-Iƒ°-Xnsc B{I-a-W-ßfpw a¿±-\-ßfpw Agn®phn´ DS-s\-Øs∂ AhnsS \nc-¥cw `qI-º-ß-fp-≠m-b-Xmbn dnt∏m¿´v sNø-s∏-´p. ]Øm-bncw t]¿ ac-W-a-S™p! Ccp-]-Xn-\m-bncw t]¿°v ]cn-t°‰p! Hcp e£-tØmfw t]¿°v Cu `b-¶c hn]-Øn¬ \n∂p GsX-¶nepw {]Im-c-Øn-ep≈ Zpcn-Xm-\p-`-h-ß-fp≠mbn. lqZv \_n-bp-sSbpw kmenlv \_n-bp-sSbpw FXn-cm-fn-Iƒ°v A\p-`-h-s∏´ IjvS \jvS-߃ Ahn-S-Øp-Im¿ A\p-`-hn®p XpS-ßn. AtXm-sSm∏w {]Xm-]-Øns‚ ]mc-ay-Xbn-te-dnb `qt´m-bpsS ]X-\hpw Bcw-`n-®p. 90 sIm√w ]g-°-ap≈ JmZn-bm\n {]iv\-Øn\p ]cn-lm-c-ap-≠m-°n-sb∂v hoc-hmZw apg-°n-bn-cp∂ `qt´m 1977 sk]vXw-_¿ 3\p AdÃv sNø-s∏-´p. ]Øp Znh-k-߃°p tijw At±lw Pmay-Øn¬ Cd-ßn-sb-¶nepw Ggp-Zn-h-k-߃°w ho≠pw AdÃp sNø-s∏-´p. AlvaZn-Isf Aapkvenw \yq\-]-£-ambn { ] J y m - ] n ® ` q t ´ m - h n s \ H c - a p k v e n a m b n e m t l m ¿ sslt°m-SXn {]Jym-]n-°p-I-bp-≠mbn!

AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øn-s\-Xn-cn¬ ss^k¬ cmPmhv Jeo-^-Øp¬ apkvenapw, Aao-dp¬ apAvan\pw BI-W-sa∂v B{K-ln-°p-I.bpw AXn-\mbn KqV-{i-a-߃ \S-Øp-Ibpw AlvaZnøm Pam-A-Øn-s\bpw AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øn-s\bpw \in-∏n-°p-hm≥ s]t{Sm-tUm-f¿ ]m°n-ÿm-\n-te°v Hgp-°p-Ibpw D≠m-bn. F∂m¬, 1975 G{]n¬ amk-Øn¬ ss^k¬ At±-l-Øns‚ kz¥w ktlm-Zc ]p{Xs‚ Iøm¬ h[n-°-s∏-´p. Aßns\ AlvaZnøm Jnem-^-Øn-s\-Xn-cn¬ ÿm]n-°m-\m-{K-ln® ss^k¬ Jnem-^Øv shdpw Znhm-kz-]v\-ambn Iem-in-®p.

(44)

B°p-hm≥ Xo{h-bXv\w sNbvX Bfm-bn-cn∂p DKm≠m {]kn-U≠pw tkz—m-[n-]-Xnbpw Bbn-cp∂ CuZn Aao≥! {]kvXpX ÿm\Øp \n∂p Abmfpw ]pdw X≈-s∏´p! B a\p-jy\pw ta¬hn-em-k-an-√m-Xm-bn. F∂m¬, `qt´m-hns‚ ÿnXn-bm-bn-cp∂p Gsd ]cn-Xm-]-I-cw. AdÃv sNø-s∏´ tijw dmh¬ ]n≠n-bnse Ccp≠ Pbn-e-d-bn¬ At±lw A\p-`-hn® Zpcn-X-ßfpw at\m-]o-U-\-ßfpw A]-am-\-ßfpw

ِا َداَرَا ْن َم ٌن? ِھُم یِّنِا َنا َھ

َت

۔ َک \ns∂ \nμn-°p-hm\pw am-\p-°p-hm\pw C—n-°p-∂-hs\ Rm≥ \nμn-°p-Ibpw A]-am-\n-°p-Ibpw sNøpw F∂ lZvdØv AlvaZn-t\m-Sp≈ A√m-lp-hns‚ hmKvZ-Ø-Øns‚ ]q¿Øo-I-c-W-ambn Alv aZn-Iƒ ImWp-∂p. ]m°n-ÿm≥ kp{]ow tImSXn `qt´m-hns\ HSp-hn¬ Xq°n-s°m-√m≥ hn[n-®p. `qt´m-`qt´m-hns\ c£n-°p-hm≥ C¥y, Ata-cn-°, djy, {_n´≥, ssN\ apX-emb h≥ cmjv{S-ßfpw temI-t\-Xm-°fpw kwL-S-\-Ifpw Bh-iy-s∏´p; AXn-\mbn Xo{h-bXv\w sNbvXp! F∂m¬ 1979 G{]n¬ 4\p _p[-\mgvN cmhnse 2.30\v `qt´m Xs‚ 52˛mw hb- n¬ Xq°n-s°m-√-s∏-SpI Xs∂-bp-≠mbn! Alv aZn-Iƒ Aapkv enw \yq\-]-£-am-sW∂v Ncn-{X-Øn¬ BZy-ambn \nbaw sIm≠p h∂ `qt´m Hcp apkv enw Bbn-´√ acn-®-sX∂p ]n∂oSv ]m°n-ÿm≥ Kh¨sa‚ v Hcp {]kvXm-h\ Cd-°m-\n-S-bm-bXv Hcp hn[n-ssh-]-coXyw Xs∂(-N-{μnI, 7˛4-˛79)

]m°nÿm\n¬ ]n∂oSv P\: knbm-D¬lJv Alv aZnøm Pam-A-Øn-s\-Xn-sc-bp≈ a¿±-\-ap-d-Iƒ XpS¿∂p. AlvaZn-Iƒ apkvenwI-f-s√∂pw Ckvemw aX-{]-Nm-cWw Ah¿°v \njn-≤-am-sW∂pw Ah-cpsS ]≈n-Iƒ°v akvPnZv F∂p t]¿ sh°m≥ ]mSn-s√∂pw

َٓ

لا

ﱠ ِالا َە

ٰلِا

ِﷲ ُل و ُسَر ٌد ﱠم َح ُم ُﷲ

F∂ Iena Ah¿ D®-cn-°m≥ ]mSn-s√∂pw _m¶v hnfn®p IqsS∂pw a‰pw I¬]n®p sIm≠p≈ Hm¿Un-\≥kv ]m m-°p-I-bp-ap-≠m-bn.

(45)

AXm-b-Xv, Hcn-kvem-anI `c-W-Iq-S-Øn-¬ _m¶v hnfnbpw Ien-abpw akvPnZpw CkvemwaX {]Nm-c-Whpw AlvaZn-Iƒ°v \ntj-[n-°-s∏-´p.

Cu kXy-{]-ÿm-\sØ FXn¿Øp sIm≠p Xs‚ ap≥Km-an-Iƒ°v t\cn´ ssZh-tIm-]sØ Ah-K-Wn®p ho≠pw A\n-kveman-I-amb A{Ia {]h¿Ø-\-߃ Agn®p hn´ P\-d¬ knbm-DƒlJv X\n°p hcm≥ t]mIp∂ alm-hn-]-Øns\ Ipdn®v Nn¥n-®n√

]m°n-ÿm-\nse emtlm-dn¬ \n∂pw ]pd-s∏-Sp∂ PwKv F∂ ]{X-Øn¬ Hcmƒ C{]-Imcw Fgp-Xp∂p:˛ H∂m-a-Xm-bn, ]©m-_v apJy-a-{¥n-bm-bn-cp∂ apwXkv Zue-Øm\ JmZn-bm\n {]iv\sØ sNm√n P\-ßsf Cf°n hn´p. AtXmsS Abmƒ A[n-Im-c-Øn¬ \n∂pw \o°w sNø-s∏-´p. ]n∂o-Sv, ]m°v `-c-W-km-cYyw ssIbn-se-SpØ Aøq-_vJm≥ B´w I≠p sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ Xs‚ A [ n - I m - c s Ø ] n S n ® p \ n d p - Ø p - h m ≥ J m Z n - b m \ n {]iv\sØ icWw {]m]n-®p. Aøq-_vJm-s‚ \n¿t±-i-a-\p-k-cn®p A∂sØ ]›na ]m°n-ÿm≥ Kh¿Æ¿ Aao¿ aplΩZv Jm≥ an¿km Kpemw AlvaZv JmZn-bm-\n-bpsS H∂p c≠v apJy {KŸ-߃ I≠p sI´p-I-bp-≠mbn. Cß-s\-sbms° sNbvXn´pw Aøq-_vJm\p Xs‚ A[n-Im-csØ \ne-\n¿Øp-hm≥ km≤y-am-bn-√. hfsc A]-am-\n-X-\mbn At±lw Xs‚ A[n-Im-c-]-Z-Øn¬ \n∂pw \njvIm-kn-X-\m-bn. ]n∂oSv JmZn-bm-\n-I-fpsS ]cn]q¿Æ klm-b-tØmSpw kl-I-c-W-tØmSpw IqSn A[n-Im-c-°-tk-c-bn-te-dnb `qt´mhpw Abm-fpsS ]o∏nƒkv ]m¿´nbpw Xs‚ A[n-Im-csØ \ne-\n¿Øp-hm≥ X߃°p klm-bhpw kl-I-c-W-hpw \¬In-bn-cp∂ JmZn-bm\n Pam-A-Øns‚ Igp-Øn\p Xs∂ IØn-sh-°m-s\m-cp-ßn. 90 h¿j-°m-esØ JmZn-bm\n {]iv\-Øn\p Xm≥ ]cn-lmcw I≠-Xmbn `qt´m hoºn-f-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. {]kvXpX {]iv\-Øn\v ]cn-lmcw I≠-Xn¬ P\-ß-fpsS lrZ-b-߃ Xm≥ ]nSn-®-S-°n-b-Xmbn At±lw Icp-Xn-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬,

(46)

At±-l-Øns‚ Cu kz]v\w ^en-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn√! Ct∏m-gn-Xm, ]m°n-ÿm≥ {]kn-U≠v P\-d¬ knbm D¬lJv X \ n ° v J m Z n - b m \ n P a m A Ø p - a m b n H c p _ ‘ h p w Cs√∂p {]Jym-]n-°p-Ibpw JmZn-bm-\n-Isf apJy-amb ÿm\-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw- ]-Z-hn-I-fn¬ \n∂pw \o°p-hm≥ t]mIp-∂-Xmbn {]kvXm-hn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p. F∂m¬, Ign™ Ime kw`-h-߃ Hm¿°p-tºmƒ lrZ-b-Øn¬ hn{`m¥n ]c-°p-I-bm-Wv. Imc-Ww, JmZn-bm\n {]iv\w FSp-Øp-I-fn-®-h-sc√mw A[n-Imc {`jvS-cm-bn-s°m-≠ n - c p ∂ N c n - { X - a m W v \ Ω p s S a p º m s I D ≈ - X v . Cßns\sbms° kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xns‚ Imc-W-sa-¥mWv? CXns‚ ]n∂n¬ Fs¥mcp i‡n-bmWv {]h¿Øn®p sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂-sX∂v apgp-h≥ kap-Zm-b-Øn\pw Nn¥m¿l-amb H∂m-Wv.

Ncn{Xw X∂ Cu ]mTsØ knbm kzoI-cn-®n-√. Abmƒ Xs‚ a¿±\ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ 1984 ¬ D≠m-°nb Hcp Hm¿Un-\≥kv aptJ\ XpS¿∂p sIm≠ncp-∂p. AXm-bXv Hc-“Zn ]cn-ip≤ Iena D®-cn®m¬, A -emap Asse°pw F∂v A`n-kw-t_m-[\w sNbvXm¬, ]c-ky-ambn \a-kvImcw A\p-jvTn-®m-¬, Xs‚ aXw Ckvemam-sW∂v hm°ntem Fgp-Øntem {]I-Sn-∏n-®m¬ CkvemanI kmt¶-XnI ]Z-߃ D]-tbm-Kn-®m¬ {]kvXpX Hm¿Un-\≥kv {]Imcw aq∂p h¿jsØ ITn\ XShpw F{X-sb-¶nepw XpI ]ng in£bpw A\p-`-hn-°-Ww.

Cu Hm¿Un-\≥kns‚ ad-hn¬ P\-°q´w t]meokv ]´mf ta[m-hn-bpsS ]cn-]q¿Wm-\p-Ip-ey-tØmSp IqSn AlvaZnøm ]≈n-Iƒ B{I-an-°p-Ibpw ]≈n-I-fpsS s\‰n-c-bn¬ Fgp-X-s∏´ ]cn-ip≤ Iena \in-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøm≥ XpS-ßn. ]e-bn-S-ß-fnepw Ah¿ ]cn-ip≤ Jp¿B≥ Nps´-cn-°p-Ibpw Hmhp-I-fn¬ C´v A]-am-\n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. 16 AlvaZn-Iƒ sIm√-s∏-´p. e£-°-W-°n-\p≈ AlvaZn-Iƒ am\-kn-I-ambpw a‰p hn[-Ønepw ]oUn-∏n-°-s∏-´p.

(47)

F∂m¬ Alv°ap¬ lm°n-ao≥ Bb cmPm[n-cm-P-\mb Hcp k¿Δ-i-‡≥ CsXms° t\m°n-°m-Wp-∂p-s≠∂ bmYm¿∞yw knbmbpw kn¬_-‘n-Ifpw ]msS hnkva-cn®p If™p!

Cu a¿±-\-ß-fp-sS-sb√mw {]Xy-mLm-X-sa-t∂mWw AlvaZnøm Pam-A-Øns‚ Camw lZvdØv Jeo-^-Øp-¬ akolv \mema≥ Xncp-a-\ p sIm≠p A√m-lp-hns‚ \n¿t±-im-\p-k-cWw Ncn{X {]kn-≤-amb ap_m-le {]Jym-]n-®p. Cu ap_m-l-em-lzm\w knb kzoI-cn-®mepw Cs√-¶nepw ssZh-in-£°v ]m{Xo-`-hn-°m≥ t]mIp-∂-Xmbn At±lw {]Jym-]n®p!

AXm-bXv

A√m-lp-hns‚ hn[n F∂mWv {]I-S-am-Ip-∂Xv F∂v ImWp-∂-Xn-ep≈ {]Xo-£-bn-em-Wv R߃. ap_m-l-e-bpsS Blzm\w kzoI-cn-®mepw Cs√-¶n-epw Abmƒ°v CXv _m[-I-am-Wv. F¥p sIms≠-∂m¬ F√m \ntj-[n-I-fp-sSbpw t\Xmhv (C-am-ap¬ apI-±n-_o≥ h¬ apI-^v^n-co≥) BW-bmƒ. A{Ia a¿±\ \S-]-Sn-I-fn¬ G‰hpw A[nIw DØ-c-hm-Znbpw Cu a\p-jy-\m-Wv. Aßn-s\-bp≈ Hcp hy‡n \mhp sIm≠v Blzm\w kzoI-cn-t°-W-sa-∂n-√. Xs‚ A{Ia \S-]-Sn-Iƒ XpS¿∂p sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂Xv Xs∂ At±lw AXp kzoI-cn-®n-cn-°p∂p F∂-Xn-\-S-bm-f-am-Wv (-JpXzp_ 12-˛8-˛88)

A ß n s \ { ] h - N n - ° - s ∏ ´ B \ m i - Ø n s ‚ aplq¿Øhpw h∂-Sp-Øp. Cu A`n-\h ^n¿-Hu-s∂-Xnsc BIm-iØv \nb-an-X-cmb ae-°p-Iƒ Xß-fpsS [¿Ωw {]mh¿Øn-I-am-°n. Hcp s]m´n-sØ-dn-bn¬ knbm F∂ ^ n ¿ - H u \ p w P q X - \ m b A t a - c n - ° ≥ A º m - k n - U ¿ lmam\pw ]S-\m-b-I≥amcpw BIm-i-Øns‚ A\-¥-X-bn¬ [qfn-I-fm-bn-∏-d-∂p. Abm-fp-SsS kvamcIm-h-injvSw IqSn Aßns\ `qan-bn¬ Ah-ti-jn-®n√! `K¬]q-cnse ImSp-I-fn¬ hoWp NnX-dnb Abm-fpsS amwk-°-jvW-߃ Im°-Iƒ sImØn-Øn-∂p∂ Zriyw

(48)

tImSn-°-W-°n-\m-fp-Iƒ Sn.-hn-bn¬ ho£n-®p. CsX-ßns\ kw`-hn-®p-sh∂v CtX-hsc temI-Øn\p a\- n-em-bn-√.

AsX-˛Cu A`n-\h ^n¿-Hus‚ Cu Zpc¥w \n›-bn-°-s∏´ Hcp bmYm¿∞y-am-bn-cp-∂p. A√mlp tNmZn-°p-I-bm-Wv.

F¥p Rm≥ `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Iƒs°√mw Xs∂ A[n-]-\m-bp-≈-h-\t√ F∂p!

AsX Cu tNmZy-Øn\p R߃ Alv aZn-Iƒ adp-]Sn ]d-bp-I-bmWv!

F¥p-sIm-≠n√! Rm\-Xn\v ZrIvkm-£n-I-fn¬s]´ Hcp-h-\m-Wv F∂v!!

Aßns\ Hcp `mKØv B kXy hntcm[n ssZhoI in£°p ]m{X-ambn aX-tem-IØv al-Øm-b Hcp ZrjvSm-¥-am-bn-∏-cn-W-an®p!

F∂m¬ Abm-fpsS Alv aZnøm hncp≤ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS ^e-ambn A“-Znøm Pam-A-Øn\v \mihpw A[x-]-X-\hpw A√ adn®v ]q¿Δm-[nIw ssZho-Im-\p-{K-lßfpw klm-b-ßfpw BWv e`n®p sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂Xv. Cu A\p-{K-l-ß-fpsS ^e-ambn Pam-AØv hnP-b-Øn-s‚bpw A`n-hr-≤n-bp-sSbpw tkm]m-\-ß-fn¬ IpXn®p Ib-dn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.

CXns\ Ipdn®v AlvaZnøm Pam-A-Øns‚ {]kvXpX Camw Cßs\ {]kvXm-hn®p!

Rm\n-hn-sS(-e-≠-\n¬) lnPvdØv sNbvXp h∂-Xn-\p-tijw F\n°p e`n®p sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ ssZho-Im-\p-{K-l-ßfpw klm-b-ßfpw Fs‚ F√m k¶¬]-ß-sfbpw adn-I-S-∂p-≈-h-bm-Wv. AsX Cu ssZho-Im-\p-{K-l-߃°p ap∂n¬ Rm≥ ]I®p \n¬°pIbmWv. AsX-Æn-∏-d-bp-∂-Xn¬ Rm≥ ]cm-Pn-X-\m-bn-Øo¿∂n-cn-°p-∂p... ]m°n-ÿm-\n¬ AlvaZn-I-fpsS Nne ]≈n-Iƒ \in-∏n-°p-Ibpw IØn-®p-I-f-bp-Ibpw ]q´n ko¬ sh°p-Ibpw sNbvXp sIm≠n-cp-∂-t∏mƒ Cu Ip’n-Xhpw Ckvemw hncp-≤hpw Bb {]h¿Ø-\-߃s°-Xn-cn¬ a[pc {]Xn-Imc \S-]Sn

(49)

(Sweet Revenge) F-Sp-t°-W-sa∂p Rms\s‚ Pam-A-Øns\ D]-tZ-in-®p. F∂m¬ Cu {]Xn-Imcw A\lv aZn-I-fpsS ]≈n-Iƒ A{I-an®p sIm≠√ adn®v A[n-I-a-[nIw ]≈n-Iƒ ]Sp-Øp-b¿Øn-s°m-≠m-h-W-sa∂v Rm≥ Pam-A-Øns\ \n¿t±-in-®p. Fs‚ Cu Blzm-\sØ AtX-]Sn kzoI-cn®p sIm≠v Cu \mep h¿j-߃°Iw temIØv hnhn[ `mK-ß-fn¬ 600 ]pXnb akvPn-Zp-Iƒ Ah¿ \n¿an®p! IqSmsX 201 ]≈n-Iƒ R߃°v thsdbpw e`n®p! AXm-bXv ]e \mSp-I-fnepw P\-߃ Iq´w Iq´-ambn ss_AØv sNbvXp sIm≠p Ah-cp-sS ]≈n-Iƒ Pam-A-Øn\p kz¥-am-°m≥ km[n®p! (k-Xy-Zq-X≥ HIvtSm-_¿,89)

AsX knbm-bpsS `cWw X®p-S® 8 AlvaZn akvPn-Zp-Iƒ°p ]I-c-ambn A√mlp Pam-A-Øn\p \¬In-bXv 800 ]≈n-I-fm-Wv. H∂n\p \qsd∂ IW-°n¬!!

AlvaZnøm {]ÿm\w XymK-cw-KØp ]q¿Δm-[nIw i‡n-bm¿Pn®p apt∂-dn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.

1985 ¬ Pam-A-Øns‚ hm¿jnI _UvP‰v 8 tImSn 11 e£hpw 1988 ¬ 15 tImSn 70 e£hpw Bbn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ 1992 se _UvP‰v 45 tImSn-bn¬ ]c-am-Wv. (C∂nXv \qdv tImSn-bn¬ IqSp-X-em-Wv. {]km-[-I¿)

Aßns\ Cu Cem-ln- P-am-AØv lZvdØv Camw alvZn-bpsS al-Ømb kPoh kXy-ambn BtKm-fm-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ hym]-I-amb AXns‚ ssP{X-bm{X XpS-cp-I-bm-Wv.

AlvaZnøm Pam-A-Øns‚ BtKm-fm-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn-ep≈ ]ptcm-K-Xn-bpsS AXn-a-l-Ømb Hcp \mgnI°√v AlvaZnøm Pam-A-Øns‚ Camw Hmtcm sh≈n-bm-gvNbpw e≠-\n¬ sh®v sNøp∂ JpXzv_ {]`m-jWw D]-{Klw aptJ\ temI-sØßpw {]t£-]Ww sNø-s∏-Sp∂p F∂p-≈-Xm-Wv. tIc-f-Øn-ep≈ AlvaZnøm tI{μ-ß-fn¬ Unjv B‚ n\m (Dish Antenna) hgn Xß-fpsS Bflob t\Xm-hns‚ {]`m-jWw Hmtcm sh≈n-bm-gvNbpw t\cn´p tIƒ-°m-\p≈ alm-`mKyw Bbn-c-I-W-°n¬

Figure

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