Naturetrek Tour Report 8-15 June Gentiana acaulis

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Naturetrek Tour Report

8 - 15 June 2013

Naturetrek Cheriton Mill Cheriton Alresford Hampshire SO24 0NG England

Report & images compiled by David Tattersfield

Gentiana acaulis Narcissus bicolor

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Tour Report The French Pyrenees

Tour Leaders: David Tattersfield Naturetrek Botanist David Morris Naturetrek Ornithologist Participants: Stephen Locke

Nina Locke Al Parks David Whitelaw Eunice Robertson Stuart Robinson Pat Martin Bob Martin Carol Wood Heather Stockton Richard Dewing Venetia Stent Roger Parkes Pam Parkes

Day 1

Saturday 8th June

An early departure from Stansted meant that much of the day remained for our explorations. We arrived in Lourdes to steady rain and a cool 10 degrees and set off towards the mountains. After shopping for lunch in Luz-St-Sauveur, we drove through the old spa resort to the Pont Napoleon. Crag Martins wheeled below the bridge and the silver rosettes of Pyrenean Saxifrage Saxifraga longifolia and the endemic Ramonda myconi could be seen on the cliffs. At the hotel, we were met by our amiable hosts, Odile and Philippe, and after a quick change, set off up the valley for lunch by the river. Nearby, Pyrenean Lily Lilium pyrenaicum was in bud, with Cowslip Primula veris, Early Purple Orchid Orchis mascula, Twayblade Listera ovata and both purple and yellow Elder-flowered Orchid Dactylorhiza sambucina scattered in the turf. A short walk along the road revealed Forked Spleenwort Asplenium septentrionale, on the rocks and in the shade of Hazel woodland, there was Baneberry, Actaea spicata, Bird’s Nest Orchid Neottia nidus-avis, Sword-leaved Helleborine Cephalanthera longifolia and the three-lobed leaves of Hepatica nobilis. Much of the wood lay shattered by the huge avalanches that had tumbled from the cliffs during the winter. We moved on up the valley, glimpsing Dipper on the river and took a short circular walk around the little hamlet of Heas, over the attractive packhorse bridge. The temperature had dropped to 5 degrees and the cafe provided welcome drinks and shelter from the drizzle. This however soon cleared and it was not long before we saw our first Griffon Vultures.

Indeed, the rest of the afternoon proved to be excellent for sightings and we totalled twenty Griffon, three Lammergeier, two Golden Eagle, two Honey Buzzard, Common Buzzard, Kestrel and Chough, flying high overhead. We returned to Gedre and enjoyed a delicious evening meal, before recording our finds and discussing the plan for the week ahead.

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Day 2

Sunday 9th June

It was a very late season, almost everywhere in Europe and the Pyrenees was no exception. The region had received record snowfalls and colossal amounts still remained. It was clear that we would have to make significant changes to the week’s itinerary. Today we set off down the valley, stopping several times to examine the roadside habitats. Numerous plants were recorded but the highlights included the deep blue Aquilegia vulgaris and the rare Round-leaved Restharrow Ononis rotundifolia. The group had morning coffee in Luz, while we stocked up for lunch and then we continued up to Bareges, where Wallcreeper had been reported on the wall of the cinema but we had no luck. We continued up the valley where Northern Wheatears were plentiful and we had good views of Yellowhammer and Linnet. On wet banks Primula farinosa and Large-flowered Butterwort Pinguicula grandiflora were prominent and a Slow Worm was seen.

At Super Bareges, snow drifts prevented further progress and we pulled off the road under the Chairlift, where there was a little shelter from the drizzle. This proved an ideal spot for lunch, using the chairs as seats, and a good vantage point to survey the surroundings. We had hoped for Snowfinch here and three birds were observed at close quarters, as we ate. An unexpected surprise was, however, the four Rock Thrushes that were feeding in the turf nearby. The wet hillsides above us had fresh flowers of Green Hellebore Helleborus viridis, white Ranunculus pyrenaeus and large drifts of Daffodil Narcissus bicolor, each with its characteristic truncated perianth tube. Back down the valley we made a stop to photograph Oxlip Primula elatior, Solid-tubered Corydalis Corydalis solida, the endemic blue Pyrenean Squill Scilla liliohyacinthus and Yellow Anemone Anemone ranunculoides, all unexpected bonuses of the late season. A final roadside stop for St Bernard’s Lily Anthericum liliago concluded a most interesting day.

Day 3

Monday 10th June

Early cloud slowly cleared to leave a beautiful sunny day. We made roadside stops along the Heas Valley, admiring the many Early Purple Orchids and adding Lesser Butterfly Orchid Plantanthera bifolia and Fragrant Orchid Gymnadenia conopsea to our list. Narcissus-flowered Anemone Anemone narcissiflora and Alpine Pasque Flower Pulsatilla alpina were flowering on steep shady banks with a variety of ferns and primroses, especially the early-flowering Hairy Primrose Primula hirsuta. After parking and distributing the lunch, we crossed the dam wall of the Barrage des Gloriettes. Spikes of White Asphodel Asphodelus albus were scattered across the hillsides and in damp areas the pendant bells of Pyrenean Snakeshead Fritillaria pyrenaica stole the show. Overhead were the usual Griffon Vulture, Chough and Alpine Chough with the odd Lammergeier, Golden Eagle and Short-toed Eagle. Everywhere, there were Black Redstart and Water Pipit, with their distinctive call and gliding flight and a group of nine Isard could be seen grazing below the cliffs. We crossed onto limestone with a different flora and had lunch in the shelter of a large boulder by the river. Daphne laureola was in full flower around the rocks and in wet flushes was an attractive combination of pink Primula farinosa and yellow Marsh Marigold.

We continued up the valley a little way into the National Park passing lots of Narcissus bicolour, patches of Corydalis solida and stunning blue clumps of Trumpet Gentian Gentiana acaulis and Spring Gentian Gentiana verna. Some of the group returned the way we had come, while others crossed the bridge and took a slightly longer route. On rocky knolls, there were magnificent plants of Garland Flower Daphne cneorum, the forms of which, in this region, are more compact than is usual.

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The French Pyrenees Tour Report

On one limestone boulder we were delighted to find tight cushions of Yellow Saxifrage Saxifraga aretioides, a rare plant of the Engeleria subsection of the genus, found here and in the Cordillera Cantabrica in northern Spain. It was a warm afternoon and we were in no particular hurry, eventually returning to the hotel around 7.00pm.

Day 4

Tuesday 11th June

A clear sunny morning saw us heading into the Ossoue Valley, the lower half of which is dominated by massive limestone cliffs. We stopped first by the river and made a short circular walk on an old trail, crossing the river again over a deep gorge. Silver rosettes of Pyrenean Saxifrage Saxifraga longifolia and Ramonda Ramonda myconi were seen on the boulders, a Swallowtail Butterfly flew by, the only one of the week and we had good views of Red Squirrel in the Hazels. As the day warmed up, Griffon Vultures started to appear, making use of rising thermals above the cliffs. A little further on, many Rush-leaved Daffodil Narcissus assoanus made an eye-catching display, alongside Mountain Kidney-vetch Anthyllis montana. We descended a track towards the river. We startled a Green Lizard, the western species of the complex, Lacerta bilineata but it returned to allow a little photography. By now the cliffs, opposite were becoming busy with twenty or so Griffon Vulture, four Lammergeier, two Golden Eagle and even a Red Kite and a Black Kite. In addition there were Crag Martin and many Chough, mostly the yellow-billed Alpine Chough.

Eventually, we needed to eat, so we returned to the bus and found a grassy meadow, a short distance up the valley. Plants in the vicinity included the Daphne relative, Thymelaea calycina, some stunning Cowslip Primula veris and more of the sweetly-scented Narcissus assoanus. We then took the road up to the Ski-station above Gavarnie, stopping to observe Red-backed Shrike, in their usual locality. In the late afternoon and we returned to the hotel for drinks before dinner.

Day 5

Wednesday 12th June

At last, the weather looked settled and we were to enjoy a beautiful sunny and warm day. After our usual bird watching from the hotel, where we regularly saw Firecrest, Griffon Vulture, and occasionally Lammergeier, we set off for Gavarnie. The trail led us first to a viewpoint, where we had commanding views of the magnificent scenery, surrounding the Cirque. Among the smaller birds were Tree Pipit, Citril Finch, Goldfinch and Common Whitethroat. Onwards, a delightful path took us through meadows and forest, towards our goal. An interesting ground flora included Irish Spurge Euphorbia hyberna, Herb Paris Paris quadrifolia and Whorled Solomon’s Seal Polygonatum verticillatum. As we climbed, we were able to observe some of the special inhabitants of the pine forest, including Goldcrest and Crested Tit. We scanned the cliffs for Wallcreeper, without success.

During lunch in the Cirque we watched over one hundred Alpine Choughs circling overhead and several came very close in search of leftovers. After we had eaten, we adjourned to the hotel for refreshments, before the second half of the day’s adventures. We followed an airy path, high above the valley, which threaded its way below the cliffs. Highlights of the walk included Long-leaved Butterwort Pinguicula longifolia, its long sticky fly-paper leaves covered in the remains of insects, the trailing shoots of Pyrenean Yam Dioscorea pyrenaica and the pristine white flowers Pulsatilla alpina. Above our heads, on the cliffs, we had distant views of Alpine Accentor. The path ascended through forest and emerged in a green meadow at the Auberge de Pailla, our highest point at 1800m.

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Ring Ouzel is a regular breeder in the junipers that dot the open hillsides and one was seen briefly. From here we followed a long zigzag path down into the valley. It was such an amazing day that some of us chose to linger in the sunshine at a quiet cafe, across the river. It had been a long but very rewarding day and we returned to our hotel, well satisfied with our efforts.

Day 6

Thursday 13th June

On a sunny morning we set off down the valley, stopping in Luz-St-Sauveur to replenish lunch supplies. We drove up through the spa town of Cauterets and the steep, forested, Val de Jeret, to the car park below Pont d’Espagne and enjoyed a drink, as we took in the spectacle of the waterfalls and narrow gorge. To maximise our time in the upper valley and to save our legs, we took the chairlift. The short ride above the treetops gave us brief glimpses of the elusive Black Woodpecker and left only a short level walk to Lac de Gaube. The area is composed of granite and consequently has a very different flora from that of the limestone. Forests of Pine and Silver Fir dominate a landscape scarred by avalanche chutes and boulder screes. High cloud drifted in from the west and thick mist rose out of the valley, so by the time we reached the lake, only the shore was visible.

We made use of the tables outside the cafe for lunch and retreated inside for drinks during a period of heavy rain, after which the views of the lake improved somewhat. It continued to rain steadily as we returned to the chairlift but abated to allow a circular walk in the valley, back to the minibuses. Thunderstorms echoed round the mountains but it was dry when we arrived back in Gedre, just before 5.00 pm.

Day 7

Friday 14th June

For our final day we drove up the Heas Valley towards the Cirque de Troumouse. The pasture on the way up was, in places, pink with Daphne cneorum. The dramatic setting of the Auberge du Maillet at 1837m invited a coffee stop and in any case the road beyond was blocked by snow. Walking up, following the road where we could and cutting corners, we came across some amazing plants, including Alpine Snowbell Soldanella alpina, Entire-leaved Primrose Primula integrifolia and the endemic Pyrenean Buttercup Ranunculus pyrenaeus, all in perfect condition in the sodden turf. Further up, patches of the deep-blue upright bells of Alpine Gentian Gentiana alpina kept the photographers busy. The car park was still buried under two metres of snow but where the snow had receded there were carpets of white Pyrenean Buttercup, a special feature of the acid turf in the region.

After lunch, we returned down the valley, stopping at a meadow covered in Elder-flowered Orchid Dactylorhiza sambucina in yellow or purple. To round off the week, we took the road opposite the hotel, to the Plateau de Sauge, where we had a commanding view into the Cirque de Gavarnie. There were good views of Red-backed Shrike, Citril Finch and Serin but it will be the sheets of Marsh Marigold and Daffodil that will linger long in our memories.

Day 8

Saturday 15th June

We had enjoyed a great week in these magnificent mountains, greatly enhanced by the comfort of the hotel and the hospitality of our hosts. Thanks to Odile, we had a very early breakfast, before leaving for our 9.40 am flight from Lourdes back to Stansted.

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Tour Report The French Pyrenees

Species List

Plants

The term ‘endemic’ is applied to plants restricted to the Pyrenees. For ease of reference, plant families are listed in alphabetic order.

PTERIDOPHYTA FERNS AND FERN ALLIES

Aspleniaceae

Spleenwort Family

Asplenium adiantum-nigrum Black Spleenwort Rocks

Asplenium fontanum A Spleenwort Pont Napoleon

Asplenium ruta-muraria Wall-rue Rocks and walls

Asplenium septentrionale Forked Spleenwort Boulders and scree

Asplenium trichomanes Maidenhair Spleenwort Rocks and walls

Asplenium viride Green Spleenwort Shaded rocks

Ceterach officinarum Rusty-back Fern Occasional on rocks

Athyriaceae

Athyrium Family

Athyrium distentifolium Alpine Lady-fern Mountain rocks

Athyrium felix-femina Lady-fern Common

Cystopteris fragilis Brittle Bladder-fern Rocks and walls

Blechnaceae

Blechnum Family

Blechnum spicant Hard Fern Acidic soils

Cryptogrammaceae

Parsley Fern Family

Cryptogramma crispa Parsley Fern Acidic boulder scree

Dennstaedtiaceae

Bracken Family

Pteridium aquilinum Bracken Widespread

Dryopteridaceae

Buckler-fern Family

Dryopteris affinis Scaly Male-fern Woods

Dryopteris dilatata Broad Buckler-fern Forest. Pont d’Espagne

Dryopteris expansa Northern Buckler-fern Acidic scree

Dryopteris filix-mas Male-fern Forest and shady places

Dryopteris oreades Mountain Male-fern Acidic screes

Dryopteris submontana Rigid Buckler-fern Limestone fissures

Polystichum aculeatum Prickly Shield-fern Common. Woods

Polystichum lonchitis Holly Fern Limestone rocks

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Equisetaceae Horsetail Family

Equisetum arvense Field Horsetail Common

Equisetum hiemale Rough Horsetail Occasional. Wet places

Equisetum palustre Marsh Horsetail Wet acidic pasture

Equisetum variegatum Variegated Horsetail Wet flushes

Lycopodiaceae Clubmoss Family

Huperzia selago Fir Clubmoss Acidic mountain pasture

Ophioglossaceae

Adder’s Tongue Family

Botrychium lunaria Moonwort Common. Mountain turf

Polypodiaceae

Polypody Family

Polypodium vulgare Common Polypody Occasional on rocks

Selaginellaceae

Lesser Clubmoss Family

Selaginella selaginoides Lesser Clubmoss Damp turf, Troumouse

Thelypteridaceae

Thelypteris Family

Gymnocarpium dryopteris Oak Fern Common in shade

Gymnocarpium robertianum Limestone Fern Limestone scree

Phegopteris connectilis Beech Fern Frequent in shade

GYMNOSPERMAE CONIFERS

Cupressaceae

Cypress Family

Juniperus communis subsp. Juniper Mountain turf

alpina

Juniperus communis subsp. Juniper Common. Hautacam

communis

Pinaceae

Pine Family

Abies alba Silver Fir Mountain forests

Picea abies Norway Spruce Planted. Not native

Pinus sylvestris Scots Pine Montane forests

Pinus uncinata Mountain Pine Subalpine slopes

Taxaceae

Yew Family

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The French Pyrenees Tour Report

ANGIOSPERMAE FLOWERING PLANTS

DICOTYLEDONS

Aceraceae Maple Family

Acer campestre Field Maple Common

Acer pseudoplatanus Sycamore Common

Apiaceae Carrot Family

Aegopodium podagraria Ground Elder Occasional

Angelica sylvestris Wild Angelica Occasional. Wet places

Anthriscus sylvestris Cow Parsley Common

Astrantia major Masterwort Occasional

Bupleurum falcatum Sickle Hare’s-ear Damp rocks

Chaerophyllum hirsutum Hairy Chervil Damp places

Conopodium majus Pignut Meadows

Conopodium pyrenaicum Pyrenean Pignut Meadows. Endemic

Daucus carota Wild Carrot Roadsides

Eryngium bourgati Pyrenean Eryngo Common. Endemic

Eryngium campestre Field Eryngo Stony places

Heracleum sphondylium Pyrenean Hogweed Frequent

subsp. pyrenaicum

Laserpitium gallicum French Sermountain

Laserpitium latifolium Broad-leaved Sermountain Screes

Laserpitium siler Narrow-leaved Sermountain Screes and meadows

Ligusticum lucidum Pyrenean Lovage Occasional

Meum athamanticum Spignel Occasional. Screes

Myrrhis odorata Sweet Cicely Common

Peucedanum ostruthium Masterwort Streamsides

Pimpinella saxifraga Burnet Saxifrage Stony places on limestone

Apocyanaceae

Periwinkle Family

Vinca minor Lesser Periwinkle Shaded banks

Aquifoliaceae Holly Family

Ilex aquifolium Holly Occasional in forest

Araliaceae

Ivy Family

Hedera helix Ivy Common

Asclepiadaceae Milkweed Family

Vincetoxicum hirundinaria Swallow-wort Rocky pasture

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Achillea millefolium Yarrow Meadows

Adenostyles alliariae Adenostyles Occasional. Streamsides

Antennaria dioica Mountain Everlasting Mountain turf

Anthemis cretica Mountain Dog-daisy Rocky places

Arctium minus Lesser Burdock Roadsides

Arnica montana Arnica Frequent. Acidic turf

Aster alpinus Alpine Aster Occasional. Screes

Bellis perennis Daisy Widespread

Carduus carlinoides Pyrenean Thistle Mountains. Screes

Carduus defloratus Alpine Thistle Pasture and screes

Carduus nutans Nodding Thistle Waste places

Carlina acaulis Stemless Carline Thistle Mountain turf

Carlina acanthifolia subsp. Acanthus-leaved Thistle Pasture cynara

Carlina vulgaris Common Carline Thistle Mountain turf

Centaurea montana Mountain Cornflower Occasional. Meadows

Centaurea nigra Knapweed Meadows and roadsides

Cicerbita alpina Alpine Sow-thistle Forests and screes

Cichorium intybus Chicory Roadsides. Val de Jeret

Cirsium eriophorum Woolly Thistle Grazed turf. Waste places

Cirsium heleniodes Melancholy Thistle Damp meadows

Cirsium palustre Marsh Thistle Wet streamsides

Cirsium rivulare Brook Thistle Damp acidic pasture

Cirsium vulgare Spear Thistle Wet pasture

Crepis albida Pyrenean Hawksbeard Rocky places

Crepis paludosa Marsh Hawksbeard Wet places

Crepis pyrenaica Pyrenean Hawksbeard Damp places

Erigeron alpinus Alpine Fleabane Stony places

Eupatorium cannabinum Hemp Agrimony Roadsides

Hieracium pilosella Mouse-ear Hawkweed Rocks and screes

Homogyne alpina Alpine Colt’s-foot Mountain turf

Lactuca perennis Blue Lettuce Gedre

Lapsana communis Nipplewort Weedy places

Leontodon pyrenaicus Pyrenean Hawkbit Acidic pasture

Leucanthemum vulgare Ox-eye Daisy Meadows

Mycelis muralis Wall Lettuce Walls and waste places

Petasites paradoxus A Butterbur Streamsides

Prenanthes purpurea Purple Lettuce Woods and forests

Saussurea alpina Alpine Saussurea Barrage d’Ossoue

Senecio jacobea Ragwort Occasional. Roadsides

Senecio viscosus Sticky Groundsel Occasional. Waste places

Senecio vulgaris Common Groundsel Occasional.Waste places

Solidago virgaurea Goldenrod Pont d’Espagne

Sonchus asper Prickly Sow-thistle Waste places

Sonchus arvensis Perennial Sow-thistle Waste places

Taraxacum officinale Dandelion Common

Tragopogon pratensis Goatsbeard Meadows and roadsides

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The French Pyrenees Tour Report

Berberidaceae

Barberry Family

Berberis vulgaris Common Barberry Rocky hillsides

Betulaceae Birch Family

Alnus glutinosa Common Alder By rivers

Betula pendula Silver Birch Forests

Betula pubescens Downy Birch Mountains

Boraginaceae Borage Family

Borago officinalis Borage Occasional

Echium vulgare Viper’s Bugloss Roadsides

Lithospermum officinale Common Gromwell Occasional

Myosotis alpestris Alpine Wood Forget-me-not Mountain meadows

Myosotis arvensis Field Forget-me-not Waste places

Myosotis laxa Tufted Forget-me-not Damp places

Myosotis sylvatica Wood Forget-me-not Grassland and woods

Pulmonaria affinis A Lungwort Common in woods

Brassicaceaae Cabbage Family

Arabidopsis thaliana Thale Cress Common

Arabis alpina Alpine Rockcress Damp alpine rocks

Arabis hirsuta Hairy Rock-cress Dry rocky places

Arabis turrita Tower Cress Rocky places

Barbarea vulgaris Common Wintercress Damp roadsides

Biscutella laevigata Buckler Mustard Mountain rocks

Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherd’s-purse Waste places

Cardamine amara Large Bittercress Damp pasture

Cardamine bellidifolia subsp. Alpine Bittercress Alpine pasture

alpina

Cardamine flexuosa Wood Bittercress Woods

Cardamine hirsuta Hairy Bittercress Waste places

Cardamine pratensis Cuckoo Flower Damp places

Cardamine raphanifolia Radish-leaved Bittercress Streamsides. Endemic

Cardamine resedifolia Reseda-leaved Bittercress Mountain turf and rocks

Draba aizoides Yellow Whitlow-grass Cirque de Troumouse

Draba muralis Wall Whitlowgrass Frequent

Erophila verna Common Whitlowgrass Common

Erysimum decumbens Decumbent Treacle-mustard Lac des Gloriettes

Hesperis matronalis Dame’s Violet Roadsides

Huguenia tanacetifolia subsp.Tansy-leaved Rocket Occasional.

Hutchinsia alpina Chamois Cress Alpine rocks and scree

Iberis spathulata Spoon-leaved Candytuft Rocks. Endemic

Kernera saxatilis Rock Kernera Limestone rocks

Rhynchosinapsis cheiranthos Wallflower Cabbage Lac des Gloriettes

Sisymbrium austriacum Pyrenean Rocket Waste places

Thlaspi perfoliatum Pennycress Waste places

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Buxus sempervirens Box Dry hillsides, low altitude

Campanulaceae Bellflower Family

Campanula glomerata Clustered Bellflower Meadows and scrub

Campanula patula Spreading Bellflower Roadsides

Campanula rotundifolia Harebell Mountain rocks

Campanula scheuchzeri Scheuchzer’s Bellflower Rocks and turf

Campanula trachelium Nettle-leaved Bellflower Shady banks

Jasione montana Mountain Sheep’s-bit Acidic screes

Phyteuma hemisphericum Globe-headed Rampion Acidic meadows

Phyteuma orbiculare Round-headed Rampion Meadows and rocks

Phyteuma pyrenaicum Pyrenean Rampion Meadows. Endemic

Caprifoliaceae

Honeysuckle Family

Lonicera periclymenum Common Honeysuckle Occasional

Lonicera pyrenaica Pyrenean Honeysuckle Rocky places

Lonicera xylosteum Fly Honeysuckle Woods

Sambucus nigra Common Elder Woods

Sambucus racemosa Alpine Elder Mountain scrub

Viburnum lantana Wayfaring Tree Occasional

Viburnum opulus Guelder Rose Occasional

Caryophyllaceae Pink Family

Arenaria ciliata Ciliate-leaved Sandwort Mountain rocks

Cerastium cerastoides Starwort Mouse-ear Rocky pasture

Cerastium fontanum Common Mouse-ear Common

Dianthus barbatus Sweet William Garden escape

Dianthus deltoides Maiden Pink Occasional Dry places.

Dianthus monspessulanus Fringed Pink Rocks. Heas Valley

Gypsophila repens Alpine Gypsophila Screes and rocky turf

Minuartia verna Vernal Sandwort Rocky places

Paronychia kapela subsp. Mountain rocks and turf

serpyllifolia

Saponaria officinalis Soapwort Occasional. Roadsides

Scleranthus perennis Knawel Occasional. Dry places

Silene acaulis Moss Campion Alpine turf

Silene alba White Campion Roadsides

Silene dioica Red Campion Common

Silene nutans Nottingham Catchfly Frequent

Silene rupestris Rock Campion Rocks and screes

Silene vulgaris Bladder Campion Meadows

Stellaria holostea Greater Stitchwort Woods and ditches

Stellaria media Common Chickweed Common

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The French Pyrenees Tour Report

Celastraceae

Spindle-tree Family

Euonymus europaeus Spindle Tree Occasional. Woods

Chenopodiaceae Goosefoot Family

Chenopodium bonus-henricusGood King Henry Disturbed places

Cistaceae Rockrose Family

Helianthemum appeninum White Rockrose Ossoue Valley

Helianthemum canum Hoary Rockrose Screes

Helianthemum nummularium Common Rockrose Common. Rocky places

subsp. grandiflorum

Helianthemum nummularium Pink flowers

subsp. pyrenaicum

Helianthemum oelandicum Alpine Rockrose Limestone rocks

subsp. alpestre

Clusiaceae Hypericum Family

Hypericum maculatum Imperforate St.John’s-wort Damp meadows Hypericum montanum Mountain St. John’s-wort Occasional

Hypericum nummularium Western St John’s-wort Damp rocks

Hypericum perforatum Perforate St John’s-wort Occasional

Hypericum richeri Alpine St.John’s-wort Damp rocks

Convolvulaceae Bindweed Family

Convolvulus arvensis Field Bindweed Occasional. Waste places

Cuscuta epithymum Common Dodder Common

Cornaceae Dogwood Family

Cornus sanguinea Common Dogwood Open woodland

Corylaceae Hazel Family

Corylus avellana Hazel Woodland

Crassulaceae Stonecrop Family

Sedum acre Biting Stonecrop Rocks and walls

Sedum album White Stonecrop Rocks

Sedum alpestre Alpine Stonecrop Snowbeds

Sedum atratum Dark Stonecrop Mountain rocks

Sedum brevifolium Short-leaved Stonecrop Siliceous rocks

Sedum dasyphyllum Thick-leaved Stonecrop Rocks

Sedum hirsutum Hairy Stonecrop Occasional. Rocks

Sedum reflexum Reflexed Stonecrop Rocks

Sedum telephium subsp. Orpine Heas valley

fabaria

Sempervivum arachnoideum Cobweb Houseleek Occasional. Rocks

Sempervivum montanum Mountain Houseleek Limestone rocks

Sempervivum tectorum Common Houseleek Occasional. Rocks

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Dioscoreaceae Yam Family

Dioscorea pyrenaica Pyrenean Yam Screes. Gavarnie.

Endemic

Dipsacaceae Teasel Family

Knautia arvensis Field Scabious Occasional

Knautia dipsacifolia Wood Scabious Shady places

Scabiosa cinerea Pyrenean Scabious Meadows. Endemic

Scabiosa columbaria Small Scabious Occasional

Succisa pratensis Devil’s-bit Scabious Damp pasture

Ericaceae Heath Family

Arctostaphyllos uva-ursi Bearberry Acidic rocks

Calluna vulgaris Ling Acidic rocks and heath

Empetrum nigrum subsp. Crowberry Acid turf

hermaphroditum

Erica arborea Tree Heath Common. Low altitudes

Erica cinerea Bell Heather Widespread

Rhododendron ferrugineum Alpenrose Acidic pasture

Vaccinium myrtillus Bilberry Woods and mountains

Vaccinium uliginosum Bog Whortleberry Acidic pasture

Euphorbiaceae Spurge Family

Euphorbia amygdaloides Wood Spurge Forest

Euphorbia cyparissias Cypress Spurge Occasional. Rocky places

Euphorbia hyberna Irish Spurge Frequent. Woodland

Mercurialis perennis Dog’s Mercury Woodland

Fabaceae Pea Family

Anthyllis montana Mountain Kidney-vetch Limestone rocks

Anthyllis vulneraria subsp. Pyrenean Kidney-vetch Rocky places. Endemic

pyrenaica

Astragalus alpinus Alpine Milk-vetch Stony pasture

Astragalus glycyphyllos Wild Liquorice Heas Valley

Astragalus monspessulanus False Vetch Stony pasture

Cytisus scoparius Common Broom Below Gedre

Hippocrepis comosa Horseshoe Vetch Common. Mountain

pasture

Lathyrus aphaca Yellow Vetchling Waste places

Lathyrus laevigatus subsp. Yellow Pea Heas valley

occidentalis

Lathyrus sylvestris Narrow-leaved Heas Valley

Everlasting Pea

Lathyrus montanus Bitter Vetch Woods. Acid soil

Lathyrus pratensis Meadow Vetchling Meadows

Lathyrus vernus Spring Vetchling Woods

Lotus alpinus Alpine Bird's-foot Trefoil Mountain pasture

Lotus corniculatus Bird’s-foot Trefoil Grassy places

Medicago lupulina Black Medick Weed

Medicago suffruticosa Sprawling Medick Rocky pasture

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The French Pyrenees Tour Report

Ononis natrix Large Yellow Restharrow Occasional

Ononis rotundifolia Round-leaved Restharrow Rare. Below Gedre

Ononis striata Yellow Restharrow Occasional

Oxytropis campestris Yellow Milk-vetch Stony pasture

Oxtropis pyrenaica Pyrenean Milk-vetch Stony pasture

Trifolium alpinum Alpine Clover Mountain pasture

Trifolium montanum Mountain Clover Mountain pasture

Trifolium ochroleucon Sulphur Clover Occasional

Trifolium pratense Red Clover Meadows

Trifolium repens White Clover Meadows

Trifolium rubens Red Trefoil Occasional. Meadows

Vicia cracca Tufted Vetch Frequent

Vicia hirsuta Hairy Tare Roadsides

Vicia orobus Bitter Vetch Occasional

Vicia pyrenaica Pyrenean Vetch Common

Vicia sepium Bush Vetch Frequent

Vicia sylvatica Wood Vetch Shady places

Fagaceae Beech Family

Fagus sylvatica Beech Woodland

Quercus petraea Sessile Oak Mountain woodland

Quercus pyrenaica Pyrenean Oak Widespread in valleys

Quercus robur Common Oak Woodland in valleys

Fumariaceae Fumitory Family

Corydalis solida Solid-tubered Corydalis Mountain pasture

Fumaria officinalis Common Fumitory Widespread

Fumaria vaillantii Pale Fumitory Occasional

Gentianaceae Gentian Family

Gentiana acaulis Trumpet Gentian Mountain turf

Gentiana alpina Alpine Gentian Acidic mountain turf

Gentiana burseri Yellow Gentian Local. Mountain turf

Gentiana cruciata Cross Gentian Mountain turf

Gentiana lutea Large Yellow Gentian Gavarnie

Gentiana verna Spring Gentian Mountain turf

Geraniaceae Geranium Family

Erodium cicutarium Common Stork’s-bill Dry rocky places

Erodium petraeum subsp. Shining Stork’s-bill Occasional on rocks.

lucidum Endemic

Geranium molle Dove’s-foot Crane’s-bill Occasional

Geranium phaeum Dusky Crane’s-bill Shady places

Geranium pyrenaicum Pyrenean Crane’s-bill Common

Geranium robertianum Herb Robert Rocky places

Geranium rotundifolium Round-leaved Crane’s-bill Occasional

Geranium sanguineum Bloody Crane’s-bill Scree. Heas Valley

Geranium sylvaticum Wood Crane’s-bill Meadows

Gesneriaceae Gloxinia Family

(15)

Globulariaceae Globularia Family

Globularia cordifolia Barrage d’Ossoue.

Globularia nudicaulis Leafless-stemmed Globularia Occasional on rocks

Globularia repens Creeping Globularia Limestone rocks

Endemic

Grossulariaceae

Gooseberry Family

Ribes petraeum Rock Currant Woods

Lamiaceae Mint Family

Acinos alpinus Alpine Calamint Rocks and screes

Ajuga pyramidalis Pyramidal Bugle Mountain pasture

Ajuga reptans Common Bugle Widespread

Ballota nigra Black Horehound Occasional

Galeosis angustifolia Red Hemp-nettle Occasional

Galeopsis tetrahit Common Hemp-nettle Waste places

Glechoma hederacea Ground Ivy Woods

Horminum pyrenaicum Dragonmouth Mountain rocks. Local

Lamiastrum galeobdolon Yellow Archangel Woods

Lamium album White Deadnettle Occasional

Lamium purpureum Red Deadnettle Occasional

Marrubium vulgare White Horehound Dry places

Mentha aquatica Water Mint Wet places

Mentha longifolia Horse Mint Damp places

Origanum vulgare Marjoram Occasional. Dry places

Prunella vulgaris Self-heal Widespread

Salvia pratensis Meadow Clary Occasional

Salvia verbenaca Wild Clary Frequent

Satureja montana Winter Savory Warm banks and scree

Sideritis hyssopifolia Sideritis Screes. Ossoue Valley

Stachys alopecurus Yellow Betony Meadows. Occasional

Stachys officinalis Betony Occasional. Meadows

Stachys recta Yellow Woundwort Roadsides

Stachys sylvatica Hedge Woundwort Shady places

Teucrium chamaedrys Wall Germander Occasional

Teucrium pyrenaicum Pyrenean Germander Screes and rocks Endemic

Teucrium scorodonia Wood Sage Woods

Thymus praecox subsp. Wild Thyme Dry places

polytrichus

Lentibulariacae Butterwort Family

Pinguicula alpina Alpine Butterwort Damp mountain rocks

Pinguicula grandiflora Large-flowered Butterwort Wet areas

Pinguicula longifolia Long-leaved Butterwort Cirque de Gavarnie

Pinguicula vulgaris Common Butterwort Occasional

Linaceae Flax Family

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The French Pyrenees Tour Report

Loranthaceae

Mistletoe Family

Viscum album Mistletoe Common

Malvaceae Mallow Family

Malva alcea Cut-leaved Mallow Roadsides

Malva moschata Musk Mallow Waste places

Malva neglecta Dwarf Mallow Waste places

Malva sylvestris Common Mallow Waste places

Oleaceae Ash Family

Fraxinus excelsior Ash Woods

Onagraceae Willowherb Family

Chamaenerion angustifolium Rosebay Willowherb Occasional

Epilobium alsinifolium Chickweed Willowherb Wet mountain turf

Epilobium anagallidifolium Alpine Willowherb Wet mountain turf

Epilobium montanum Broad-leaved Willowherb Widespread

Oxalidaceae

Wood-sorrel Family

Oxalis acetosella Wood-sorrel Woods and rocks

Papaveraceae Poppy Family

Chelidonium majus Greater Celandine Frequent

Meconopsis cambrica Welsh Poppy Occasional

Parnassiaceae

Grass of Parnassus Family

Parnassia palustris Grass of Parnassus Occasional. Damp turf

Plantaginaceae Plantain Family

Plantago alpina Alpine Plantain Mountain turf

Plantago lanceolata Ribwort Plantain Widespread

Plantago major Greater Plantain Ruderal

Plantago media Hoary Plantain Widespread

Platanaceae Plane Family

Platanus x hispanica London Plane Planted

Plumbaginaceae Thrift Family

Armeria alpina Mountain Thrift Above Gedre

Polygalaceae Milkwort Family

Polygala alpestris Mountain Milkwort Mountain pasture

Polygala alpina Alpine Milkwort Mountain pastures

Polygala serpyllifolia Thyme-leaved Milkwort Acidic pasture

Polygala vulgaris Common Milkwort Acidic pasture

Polygonaceae Dock Family

(17)

Polygonum bistorta Bistort Occasional. Meadows

Polygonum viviparum Mountain Bistort Mountain turf

Rumex acetosa Common Sorrel Common

Rumex acetosella Sheep’s Sorrel Common

Rumex alpinus Monk’s Rhubarb Pont d’Espagne

Rumex scutatus French Sorrel Rocks and screes

Primulaceae Primrose Family

Androsace carnea Pink Rock-jasmine Cirque de Troumouse

Androsace villosa Hairy Rock-jasmine Limestone rocks and turf

Primula elatior Oxlip Alpine pasture

Primula farinosa Bird’s-eye Primrose Wet mountain turf

Primula hirsuta Hairy Primrose Damp cliffs

Primula integrifolia Entire-leaved Primrose Wet acidic turf

Primula veris Cowslip Occasional

Soldanella alpina Alpine Snowbell Alpine turf

Vitaliana primuliflora subsp. Vitaliana Mountain rocks and turf canescens

Pyrolaceae Wintergreen Family

Moneses uniflora One-flowered Wintergreen Woodland

Orthilia secunda Nodding Wintergreen Woodland

Pyrola minor Lesser Wintergreen Woodland

Ranunculaceae Buttercup Family

Aconitum anthora Yellow Monkshood Rocky limestone pasture

Aconitum napellus Common Monkshood Occasional in meadows

Aconitum vulparia Wolfsbane Occasional in woods

Actaea spicata Baneberry Woods

Anemone nemorosa Wood Anemone Frequent

Anemone narcissiflora Narcissus-flowered Anemone Ossoue Valley

Anemone ranunculoides Yellow Anemone Occasional

Aquilegia pyrenaica Pyrenean Columbine Cirque de Gavarnie Endemic

Aquilegia vulgaris Common Columbine Common

Caltha palustris Marsh Marigold Bogs and streamsides

Clematis vitalba Old Man’s Beard Woods on limestone

Helleborus foetidus Stinking Hellebore Woods

Helleborus viridis Green Hellebore Woods and pastures

Hepatica nobilis Hepatica Woodland and alpine turf

Pulsatilla alpina subsp. Alpine Pasque-flower Ossoue Valley, Gavarnie alpina

Ranunculus aconitifolius Aconite-leaved Buttercup Pont d’Espagne

Ranunculus acris Meadow Buttercup Meadows

Ranunculus ficaria Lesser Celandine Occasional

Ranunculus flammula Lesser Spearwort Wet areas

Ranunculus gouani Gouan’s Buttercup Mountain meadows.

Endemic

Ranunculus lingua Greater Spearwort Streamside. Pont

d’Espagne

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The French Pyrenees Tour Report

Ranunculus nemorosus Wood Buttercup Grassy places

Ranunculus pyrenaeus Pyrenean Buttercup Damp alpine turf.

Endemic

Ranunculus repens Creeping Buttercup Widespread

Ranunculus thora Thore’s Buttercup Limestone scree.

Thalictrum aquilegifolium Great Meadow-rue Damp areas

Trollius europaeus Globe Flower Damp areas

Resedaceae Mignonette Family

Reseda glauca Pyrenean Mignonette Screes. Endemic

Reseda luteola Weld Waste ground

Sesamoides pygmaea Sesamoides Occasional on scree

Rhamnaceae Buckthorn Family

Rhamnus alpinus Alpine Buckthorn Rocky places. Ossoue

Rhamnus pumilus Dwarf Buckthorn Rocks. Lac des Gloriettes

Rosaceae Rose Family

Alchemilla alpina Alpine Lady’s-mantle Widespread

Alchemilla glaucescens Small Lady’s-mantle Widespread

Alchemilla vulgaris agg. Lady’s Mantle Common

Alchemilla saxatilis Rock Lady’s-mantle Widespread

Alchemilla spp. Lady’s-mantle Not identified

Amelanchier ovalis Snowy Mespilus Lac des Gloriettes

Aruncus dioicus Goat’sbeard Spiraea Damp shade on acid soils

Cotoneaster integerrimus Wild Cotoneaster Rocky places

Crategus monogyna Hawthorn Woods

Dryas octopetala Mountain Avens Mountains. Local

Filipendula ulmaria Meadowsweet Lowlands

Fragaria vesca Wild Strawberry Common

Geum montanum Alpine Avens Mountain pasture

Geum pyrenaicum Pyrenean Avens Mountain pasture

Geum rivale Water Avens Occasional in wet places

Geum urbanum Herb Bennet Shady places

Potentilla alchemilloides Alchemilla-leaved Cinquefoil Limestone cliffs.

Potentilla aurea Golden Cinquefoil Mountain turf

Potentilla erecta Tormentil Common

Potentilla crantzii Alpine Cinquefoil Mountain pasture

Potentilla fruticosa Shrubby Cinquefoil Gavarnie

Potentilla montana Mountain Cinquefoil Rocky places

Potentilla reptans Creeping Cinquefoil Waste places

Potentilla rupestris Rock Cinquefoil Rocks. Local

Potentilla sterilis Barren Strawberry Common

Prunus avium Wild Cherry Frequent in woods

Prunus spinosa Blackthorn Occasional. Scrub

Rubus caesius A Bramble Frequent

Rubus idaeus Raspberry Common

Rubus saxatilis Stone Bramble Frequent

Rubus ulmifolius A Bramble Common in lowlands

Rosa arvensis Field Rose Widespread

(19)

Rosa glauca Blue-leaved Rose Mountain scrub

Rosa pendulina Alpine Rose Mountain scrub

Rosa pimpinellifolia Burnet Rose Occasional.

Rosa rubiginosa Sweet Briar Widespread

Sanguisorba minor Salad Burnet Common in rocky places

Sanguisorba officinalis Great Burnet Occasional. Streamsides

Sibbaldia procumbens Sibbaldia Acidic snowbeds.

Sorbus aria Whitebeam Open woods

Sorbus aucuparia Mountain Ash Mountains

Sorbus chamaemespilus False Medlar Occasional. Rocky slopes.

Sorbus mougeotii Mougeot’s Whitebeam Ossoue Valley

Rubiacae Bedstraw Family

Asperula pyrenaica Pyrenean Woodruff Rocky places

Cruciata laevipes Crosswort Pastures and roadsides

Galium aparine Goosegrass Scrub and waste places

Galium mollugo Hedge Bedstraw Scrub and meadows

Galium odoratum Woodruff Woods

Galium verum Lady’s Bedstraw Meadows

Rubia peregrina Wild Madder Occasional in woods

Salicaceae

Willow Family

Populus alba White Poplar Frequent

Populus nigra Black Poplar Valley forest

Populus tremula Aspen Occasional in forests

Salix aurita Eared Sallow Widespread

Salix caprea Goat Willow Occasional

Salix elaeagnos Hoary Willow Streamsides.

Salix pyrenaica Pyrenean Willow Mountain rocks

Salix retusa Retuse-leaved Willow Alpine turf

Salix viminalis Common Osier Widespead in lowlands

Santalaceae Sandalwood Family

Thesium alpinum Alpine Bastard-toadflax Frequent

Thesium pyrenaicum Pyrenean Bastard-toadflax Frequent

Saxifragaceae Saxifrage Family

Chrysosplenium Opposite-leaved Golden Wet acidic areas

oppositifolium Saxifrage

Saxifraga aizoides Yellow Mountain Saxifrage Wet areas

Saxifraga aretioides Yellow Saxifrage Limestone rocks. Rare

Saxifraga cotyledon Pyramidal Saxifrage Rocks. Heas Valley

Saxifraga granulata Meadow Saxifrage Common

Saxifraga hirsuta Hairy Saxifrage Shady streamsides

Saxifraga longifolia subsp. Pyrenean Saxifrage Cliffs and boulders.

longifolia Endemic

Saxifraga exarata subsp. Musky Saxifrage Limestone rocks moschata

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The French Pyrenees Tour Report

Saxifraga oppositifolia Purple Saxifrage Alpine rocks and turf

Saxifraga paniculata Livelong Saxifrage Common on rocks

Saxifraga stellaris Starry Saxifrage Wet flushes

Saxifraga umbrosa Wood Saxifrage Woods. Endemic

Scrophulariaceae Figwort Family

Antirrhinum sempervirens Rock Snapdragon Rocks. Endemic

Bartsia alpina Alpine Bartsia Meadows and pasture

Chaenorhinum origanifolium Creeping Snapdragon Screes. Endemic

Cymbalaria muralis Ivy-leaved Toadflax Rocks and walls

Digitalis lutea Small Yellow Foxglove Below Gedre

Erinus alpinus Fairy Foxglove Rocks and screes

Linaria alpina Alpine Toadflax Alpine turf

Linaria supina Pyrenean Toadflax Screes. Endemic

Linaria vulgaris Common Toadflax Waste places

Melampyrum sylvaticum Small Cow-wheat Mountain woods

Rhinanthus angustifolius Narrow-leaved Rattle Meadows

Rhinanthus minor Yellow Rattle Meadows

Scophularia canina subsp. French Figwort Frequent

hoppii

Scrophularia nodosa Common Figwort Damp habitats

Verbascum nigrum Dark Mullein Occasional

Verbascum pulverulentum Hoary Mullein Rocky places

Veronica bellidioides Violet Speedwell Frequent in pasture

Veronica chamaedrys Germander Speedwell Meadows

Veronica fruticans Rock Speedwell Mountain rocks

Veronica officinalis Heath Speedwell Occasional. Dry places

Veronica ponae Spiked Pyrenean Speedwell Woods and shady places

Veronica serpyllifolia Thyme-leaved Speedwell Woods and pastures Veronica urticifolia Nettle-leaved Speedwell Woods and shady places

Solanaceae

Nightshade Family

Atropa belladonna Deadly Nightshade Occasional. Gedre

Thymelaceae Daphne Family

Daphne cneorum Garland Flower Mountain pasture. Local

Daphne laureola Spurge Laurel Woods and rocks

Daphne mezereum Mezereon Forest and open pasture

Thymelaea calycina A Thymelaea Screes. Ossoue valley

Tiliaceae Lime Tree Family

Tilia cordata Small-leaved Lime Common

Tilia platyphyllos Large-leaved Lime Widely planted

Ulmaceae Elm Family

Ulmus glabra Wych Elm Gedre

Ulmus minor Smooth Elm Occasional

Ulmus procera English Elm Widespread

(21)

Parietaria judaica Pellitory-of-the-wall Walls

Urtica dioica Nettle Disturbed areas

Valarianaceae Valarian Family

Centranthus ruber Red Valerian Walls

Valeriana globularifolia Globularia-leaved Valerian Rocks and screes

Valeriana officinalis Common Valerian Meadows and scrub

Valeriana pyrenaica Pyrenean Valerian Damp woodland.

Endemic

Valeriana tripteris Three-leaved Valerian Woods and scrub

Verbenaceae Verbena Family

Verbena officinalis Vervain Ossoue Valley

Violaceae Violet Family

Viola biflora Yellow Wood Violet Shady places

Viola cornuta Horned Pansy Meadows. Endemic

Viola lutea Mountain Pansy Mountain turf

Viola palustris Bog Violet Bogs

Viola reichenbachiana Wood Dog Violet Occasional

Viola riviniana Common Dog Violet Grassy places

MONOCOTYLEDONS

Amaryllidaceae

Daffodil Family

Narcissus assoanus Rush-leaved Daffodil Pasture. Ossoue valley

Narcissus bicolor A Daffodil Meadows and mountain

Turf. Endemic

Cyperaceae Sedge Family

Carex atrata Jet Sedge Mountain turf

Carex echinata Star Sedge Damp places

Carex nigra Common Sedge Wet mountain turf

Carex panicea Carnation Sedge Common

Eriophorum angustifolium Cotton-grass Bogs

Iridaceae

Iris Family

Crocus nudiflorus Leafless Crocus Meadows (leaves)

Iris latifolia English Iris Mountain pasture

Juncaceae Rush Family

Juncus alpinoarticulatus Alpine Rush Wet mountain pasture

Luzula lutea Yellow Wood-rush Acidic pasture

Luzula luzuloides Mountain pasture

Luzula pilosa Hairy Wood-rush Woods

Luzula spicata Spiked Wood-rush Mountain pasture

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The French Pyrenees Tour Report

Liliacae Lily Family

Allium victorialis Alpine Leek Pont d’Espagne

Allium vineale Crow Garlic Occasional

Anthericum liliago St. Bernard’s Lily Local on screes

Asphodelus albus White Asphodel Meadows and pasture

Convallaria majalis Lily of the Valley Occasional. Woodland

Fritillaria pyrenaica Pyrenean Snakeshead Damp mountain pasture Endemic

Hyacinthus amethystinus Pyrenean Hyacinth Rocks and meadows.

Endemic

Lilium martagon Martagon Lily Woodland and meadows

Lilium pyrenaicum Pyrenean Lily Occasional. Endemic

Merendera montana Merendera Mountain meadows.

Endemic

Paris quadrifolia Herb Paris Woodland and forest

Polygonatum verticillatum Whorled Solomon’s Seal Occasional. Woods

Scilla liliohyacinthus Pyrenean Squill Woods. Endemic

Scilla verna Spring Squill Mountain pasture.

Tofieldia calyculata Tofield’s Asphodel Wet places

Veratrum album White False Helleborine Occasional. Mountains

Orchidaceae Orchid Family

Cephalanthera longifolia Sword-leaved Helleborine Frequent

Dactylorhiza sambucina Elder-flowered Orchid Pasture. Heas Valley

Dactylorhiza majalis Broad-leaved Marsh Orchid Damp meadows

Dactylorhiza maculata Heath Spotted Orchid Acidic bogs and heath

Dactylorhiza fuchsii Common Spotted Orchid Damp grassland

Goodyera repens Creeping Lady’s Tresses Rare

Gymnadenia conopsea Fragrant Orchid Meadows and roadsides

Listera ovata Twayblade Meadows and roadsides

Neottia nidus-avis Bird’s-nest Orchid Occasional. Woods

Orchis mascula Early Purple Orchid Frequent. Grassland

Platanthera bifolia Lesser Butterfly Orchid Meadows and pasture

Poaceae Grass Family

Anthoxanthum odoratum Sweet Vernal Grass Meadows

Briza media Quaking-grass Meadows

Bromus commutatus Meadow Brome Meadows

Dactylis glomerata Cocksfoot Widespread

Deschampsia cespitosa Tufted Hair-grass Frequent

Deschampsia flexuosa Wavy Hair-grass Acidic turf

Holcus lanatus Yorkshire Fog Meadows

Hordeum murale Wall Barley Waste ground

Melica uniflora Wood Melick Woods

Melica nutans Mountain Melick Woods

Molinia caerulea Purple Moor Grass Damp pasture

Nardus stricta Mat Grass Mountain pasture

Poa alpina Alpine Meadow-grass Mountain pasture

Poa annua Annual Meadow-grass Pathways

(23)

Birds ( = recorded but not counted; H = heard only)

June

Common name Scientific name 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

1 Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 1 2 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 1 3 Black Kite Milvus migrans 2 1 4 Red Kite Milvus milvus 6 5 Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus 3 1 4 4 1 1 6 Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus 20 10 7 Northern Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus 1 1 1 8 Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus 2 9 Common Buzzard Buteo buteo 4 1 2 10 Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos 2 1 2 1 1 11 Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus 2 1 1 1 12 Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 2 2 3 3 1 1 3 13 Rock Dove / Feral Pigeon Columba livia 10 4 4 1  14 Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto 2  2

15 Swift Apus apus    30 

16 Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius 2 17 Green Woodpecker Picus viridis H 1 1 18 Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major  H 19 Skylark Alauda arvensis 2 H 20 Woodlark Lullula arborea H H H H 21 Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris        22 Swallow Hirundo rustica    23 Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica 4   24 House Martin Delichon urbica        

25 Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta 30 1 2 6  26 Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis 1 H 6 3 6 27 White Wagtail Motacilla alba 1 2 2 1 2 2 28 Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1 3 2 2 1 2 4 29 Dipper Cinclus cinclus 2 2 1 1 1 30 Wren Troglodytes troglodytes H H H H 1 31 Dunnock Prunella modularis 2 4 2  2 30 32 Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris 3 33 Robin Erithacus rubecula 2 3 1  H 34 Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros 3 20 30   6 6 35 Stonechat Saxicola torquata 2 36 Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe 30 6 10 1  37 Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis 4 38 Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus 1 39 Blackbird Turdus merula        

40 Song Thrush Turdus philomelos 1 41 Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus 1 2 2 42 Garden Warbler Sylvia borin H 1 43 Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla H H H 2 1 H 44 Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis 1 45 Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita H H H 1   46 Goldcrest Regulus regulus 6 10 47 Firecrest Regulus ignicapillus 2 H 4 6 48 Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata 1 1 49 Crested Tit Lophophanes cristatus 3 H

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The French Pyrenees Tour Report

June

Common name Scientific name 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

50 Coal Tit Periparus ater 1  4 51 Great Tit Parus major 3 5      52 Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus    53 Nuthatch Sitta europaea 1 54 Treecreeper Certhia familiaris 1 55 Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio 3 2 56 Starling Sturnus vulgaris 

57 Jay Garrulus glandarius 3 3 3 2 3 3 

58 Magpie Pica pica 2 2 1

59 Alpine Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus     100  30 60 Chough Pyrrhocorax Pyrrhocorax     20 30 61 Raven Corvus corax 6 10 7 6 2 1 2 62 Carrion Crow Corvus corone     63 House Sparrow Passer domesticus     64 Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis 3 2 65 Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs        

66 Citril Finch Serinus citrinella 8 4 2 2 67 Serin Serinus serinus 6       68 Greenfinch Carduelis chloris 2 2 69 Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis 2 6 70 Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula 2 H 71 Linnet Acanthis cannabina 6 4  2 10 72 Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella 6 2 2 1 6 73 Rock Bunting Emberiza cia 2

Butterflies

1 Swallowtail Papilio machaon  2 Clouded Apollo Parnassius mnemosyne  3 Wood White Leptidea sinapis    4 Large White Pieris brassicae      5 Green-veined White Pieris napi   6 Orange Tip Anthocharis cardamines      7 Clouded Yellow Colias crocea      8 Berger's Clouded Yellow Colias alfacariensis    9 Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni    10 Duke of Burgundy Hamaeris lucina    11 Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi     12 Little Blue Cupido minimus      13 Mazarine Blue Cyaniris semiargus  14 Common Blue Polyommatus icarus   15 Adonis Blue Lysandra bellargus  16 De Prunner's Ringlet Erebia triaria   17 Shepherd's Fritillary Boloria pales    18 Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne   19 White Admiral Limenitus camilla  20 Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae      

21 Peacock Inachis io 

22 Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta    23 Painted Lady Vanessa cardui     24 Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages     25 Red-underwing Skipper Spialia sertorius 

(25)

June

Common name Scientific name 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

26 Grizzled Skipper Pyrgus malvae  27 Oberthur's Grizzled Skipper Pyrgus armoricanus    28 Chequered Skipper Carterocephalus palaemon   

Mammals

1 Mole Talpa europaea 

2 Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris   3 Alpine Marmot Marmota marmota      4 Izard Rupicapra rupicapra     

Reptiles

1 Wall Lizard Podarcis muralis      2 Western Green Lizard Lacerta bilineata  3 Slow Worm Anguis fragilis  4 Western Whip Snake Coluber viridiflavus  5 Asp Viper Vipera aspis  

Amphibians

1 Pyrenean Brook Newt Euproctus asper  2 Common Frog Rana temporaria    

Moths

1 Six-spot Burnet Zygaena filipendulae  2 Chimney Sweeper Odezia atrata   3 Latticed Heath Chiasmia clathrata  4 Humming-bird Hawkmoth Macroglossum stellatarum    5 Silver Y Autographa gamma  6 Small Elephant Hawk Moth Deilephila porcellus 

Other invertebrates 1 Green Tiger beetle Cicendula campestris  2 Bloody-nosed Beetle Timarcha tenebricosa  3 Sulphur Owl Fly Libelloides longicornis   4 Wood Ant Formica rufa     

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