Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act. Lists of Plant Species under Surveillance. Table X NO SPECIES COMMON NAME PRIORITY FOR INVESTIGATION

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Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act Lists of Plant Species under Surveillance

Table X

NO SPECIES COMMON NAME PRIORITY FOR INVESTIGATION

1 Agave americana L. var. americana Garingboom /

American agave, Century – plant 2 Ageratum houstonianum Mill. Cultivars Mexikaanse ageratum /

Mexican ageratum

Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated

3 Albizia julibrissin Durazz. Syboom, Pienk siris / Silk tree, Pink siris 4 Anacardium occidentale L. Kasjoeboom /

Cashew 5 Avena spp. excluding A. sativa

(includes A. barbata Pott ex Link, A. fatua L., A. sterilis L.)

Wildehawer / Wild oats

Commercial value, invasive threat, practical implications of law enforcement

6 Berberis thunbergii DC. Cultivars Japanse berberis / Japanese barberry

Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated

7 Bougainvillea glabra Choisy Bougainvillea, Papierblom / Bougainvillea, Paper flower

Invasive threat

8 Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd. Bougainvillea / Great bougainvillea

Invasive threat

9 Bromus spp.

(includes B. commutatus Schrad., B. diandrus

Roth, B. japonicus Thunb., B. hordaceus L. subsp. divaricatus (Bonnier & Layens) Kerguélen (= B. molliformis J. Lloyd), B. catharticus Vahl var. catharticus (= B. unioloides Kunth)

Bromus spp. / Brome spp.

Commercial value, invasive threat, practical implications of law enforcement

10 Brachychiton populneus (Schott & Endl.) R.Br. Koerajong, Bottelboom / Kurrajong, Bottle tree 11 Callistemon viminalis (Sol. ex Gaertn.) G.Don

Cultivars

Treurperdestert / Weeping bottlebrush

Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated

12 Canna X generalis L.H.Bailey (= C. orchiodes

L.H.Bailey)

Tuinkanna / Garden canna 13 Carex buchananii Bergg. New Zealand sedge

14 Carex comans Bergg. (= C. albula Allan) New Zealand sedge

15 Carex flagellifera Colenso New Zealand sedge

16 Carex longebrachiata Boeckeler Australian sedge

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NO SPECIES COMMON NAME PRIORITY FOR INVESTIGATION 18 Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don hybrids Begraafplaasblom /

Madagascar periwinkle

Sterility or non-invasiveness of hybrids needs to be investigated

19 Celtis sinensis Pers. Chinese netelboom / Chinese nettle tree

Should be phased out over two years – maybe with exception in some cold areas eg. Free State

20 Chrysopogon zizanioides (L.) Roberty (= Vetiveriazizanioides (L.) Nash)

Vetivergras / Vetiver grass

use as a groundcover vs invasive threat

21 Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.Presl Kanferboom / Camphor tree

Investigate potential threat in regions where it is not already listed as an invasive plant

22 Coffea arabica L. Culitvars Koffieboom / Coffee tree

Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated

23 Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott (= C. antiquorum

Schott)

Olifantsoor /

Elephant’s – ear, Madumbe 24 Coreopsis lanceolata L. hybrids Coreopsis /

Tickseed

Sterility or non-invasiveness of hybrids needs to be investigated

25 Cortaderia selloana (Schult.) Asch. & Graebn. Cultivars

Pampasgras, Silwergras / Pampas grass

Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated

26 Corymbia citriodora (Hook.) K.D. Hill & L.A.S. Johnson (= Eucalyptus citriodora Hook.)

Lemoenbloekom / Lemon-scented gum 27 Crataegus mexicana DC.

(= C. pubescens misapplied in South Africa.)

Mexikaanse meidoring / Mexican hawthorn 28 Crataegus monogyna Jacq.

(= C. oxyacantha L. var. praecox hort. ex Loudon)

English hawthorn, Common hawthorn

29 Crataegus phaenopyrum (L.f.) Medik. Washington thorn

30 Cyathea australis (R.Br.) Domin Rough tree fern Need to investigate practical implications of law enforcement and the possible negative effects on the indigenous tree ferns

31 Cyatheacooperi (Hook. ex F.Muell.) Domin (= Sphaeropteris cooperi (Hook. ex F.Muell.) R.M.Tryon)

Australiese boomvaring / Australian tree fern

Need to investigate practical implications of law enforcement and the possible negative effects on the indigenous tree ferns

32 Cynodon nlemfuensis Vanderyst Oos-Afrikaanse kweek / East African couch

Commercial value, invasive threat, practical implications of law enforcement

33 Duranta erecta L. (= D. repens L., D. plumieri

Jacq.) Cultivars

Vergeet – my – nie – boom / Forget – me – not – tree, Pigeon berry

Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated

34 Elaeagnus X reflexa C.Morren & Decne. (= E. pungens Thunb. var. reflexa (C. Morren &

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NO SPECIES COMMON NAME PRIORITY FOR INVESTIGATION Decne.) C.K.Schneid.)

35 Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Bloekom /

Blue gum, Tasmanian blue gum 36 Eucalyptus gomphocephala DC. Tuartbloekom /

Tuart

37 Eucalyptus microcorys F.Muell. Kersvetbloekom / Tallow gum

38 Eucalyptus paniculata Sm. Grysysterbasbloekom / Grey ironbark 39 Eucalyptus resinifera Sm. Rooimahoniebloekom /

Red mahogany gum 40 Eucalyptus sideroxylon A.Cunn. ex Woolls Swartysterbasbloekom /

Black ironbark, Red ironbark 41 Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch Poinsettia

42 Ficus carica L. Makvy /

Edible fig 43 Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Cultivars Vinkel /

Fennel

Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated

44 Gleditsia triacanthos L. Cultivars Amerikaanse driedoring / Honey locust

Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated

45 Gunnera tinctoria (Molina) Mirb. (= G. chilensis

Lam., Panke tinctoria Molina)

Chilean rhubarb

46 Gypsophila paniculata L. Baby’s breath

47 Hakea salicifolia (Vent.) B.L.Burtt (= H. saligna Knight)

Wilgerhakea / Willow hakea 48 Hedera helix L. subsp. canariensis (Willd.) Cout.

Cultivars

Madeiraklimop /

Canary ivy, Madeira ivy, Algerian ivy

Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated

49 Hedera helix L. subsp. Helix Cultivars Engelse hedera / English ivy

Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated

50 Iris douglasiana Herb. Douglas iris

51 Iris missouriensis Nutt. Western blue flag, Rocky Mountain iris

52 Jatropha multifida L. Blompapaja /

Coral plant 53 Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet Lablab boontjie /

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NO SPECIES COMMON NAME PRIORITY FOR INVESTIGATION 54 Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq.

‘Sundancer’ Lantana sundancer This is a priority for investigation. Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivar needs to be investigated

55 Leptospermum scoparium J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. Manukamirt / Manuka myrtle 56 Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk. Cultivars Kaliforniese liguster /

Californian privet

Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated

57 Lolium multiflorum Lam. Italiaanse raaigras / Italian ryegrass

Commercial value, invasive threat, practical implications of law enforcement

58 Lolium perenne L. Meerjarige raaigras /

Perennial ryegrass

Commercial value, invasive threat, practical implications of law enforcement

59 Mangifera indica L. Mango, Veselperske /

Mango

60 Melilotus indica (L.) All. Eenjarige geel stinkklawer / Annual yellow sweet clover 61 Moringa oleifera Lam.

(= Moringapterygosperma Gaertn.)

Peperwortelboom / Horse – radish tree

Commercial or utility value, invasive threat

62 Morus nigra L. Swartmoerbei /

Black mulberry 63 Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack.

(= M. exotica L.)

Oranjejasmyn / Orange Jessamine

Investigate whether a threat in areas not already listed as invasive

64 Nephrolepis cordifolia (L.) C. Presl (= Polypodium cordifolium L.) Cultivars

Erect sword fern, Ladder sword fern Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated

65 Nephrolepis exaltata (L.) Schott (= Polypodium exaltatum L.) Cultivars

Swaardvaring /

Sword fern, Boston sword fern

Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated

66 Nerium oleander L. Cultivars Selonsroos / Oleander

Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated

67 Oenothera biennis L. Gewone nagblom /

Common evening – primrose

Invasive threat, commercial value, practical implications of law enforcement need to be investigated 68 Oenothera glazioviana Micheli Nagblom /

Evening – primrose

Invasive threat, commercial value, practical implications of law enforcement need to be investigated 69 Oenothera indecora Cambess. Nagblom /

Evening – primrose

Invasive threat, commercial value, practical implications of law enforcement need to be investigated

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NO SPECIES COMMON NAME PRIORITY FOR INVESTIGATION 70 Oenothera jamesii Torr. & A.Gray Giant evening – primrose Invasive threat, commercial value,

practical implications of law enforcement need to be investigated 71 Oenothera laciniata Hill Boer – in – die – nag /

Fragrant evening – primrose

Invasive threat, commercial value, practical implications of law enforcement need to be investigated 72 Oenothera rosea L´Hér. ex Aiton Pienknagblom /

Pink evening – primrose

Invasive threat, commercial value, practical implications of law enforcement need to be investigated 73 Oenothera stricta Ledeb. Ex Link Soetnagblom /

Sweet sundrop

Invasive threat, commercial value, practical implications of law enforcement need to be investigated 74 Oenothera tetraptera Cav. Witnagblom /

White evening – primrose

Invasive threat, commercial value, practical implications of law enforcement need to be investigated 75 Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Gewone paspalum /

Common paspalum

Practical implications of law enforcement

76 Paspalum urvillei Steud. Langbeen paspalum / Tall paspalum

Practical implications of law enforcement

77 Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov. Kikoejoegras / Kikuyu grass

Practical implications of law enforcement

78 Persicaria limbata (Meisn.) H.Hara (= Polygonum limbatum Meisn.)

Knoopkruid / Knotweed

79 Physalis peruviana L. Appelliefie /

Cape gooseberry 80 Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall subsp.

deltoides

Vuurhoutjiepopulier / Match poplar

Invasive threat

81 Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall subsp.

wislizeni (S. Watson) Eckenw. (= P. wislizeni (S. Watson) Sarg.)

Valleipopulier / Valley match poplar

Invasive threat

82 Populus nigra L. var. Italica Münchh. Italiaanse populier / Lombardy poplar

Invasive threat

83 Prunus cerasifera Ehrh. Kersiepruim / Cherry plum 84 Pterocarya fraxinifolia (Lam. ex Poir.) Spach. Caucasian wing nut /

Chinese vleuelneut

85 Pyracantha Cultivars Branddorings /

Firethorns

Should be priorities for investigation. Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated 86 Quercus acutissima Carruth. Stekeleik /

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NO SPECIES COMMON NAME PRIORITY FOR INVESTIGATION

87 Quercus robur L. Steeleik /

English oak 88 Raphanus raphanistrum L. Ramenas /

Wild radish

89 Rosa canina L. Hondsroos /

Dog – rose

90 Rumex crispus L. Krultongblaar /

Curly dock 91 Salix babylonica L.

Not to be confused with the indigenous S. mucronata Thunb. (= S. capensis, S. subserrata, S. woodii)

Treurwilger / Weeping willow

Need to make a decision whether the species should be listed or not.

92 Salix fragilis L.

Not to be confused with the indigenous S. mucronata Thunb. (= S. capensis, S. subserrata, S. woodii)

Crack or Brittle willow Need to make a decision whether the species should be listed or not.

93 Schinus molle L. Peperboom /

Pepper tree 94 Styphnolobium japonicum (L.) Schott (= Sophora

japonica L.)

Japanse pagodeboom / Japanese pagoda tree 95 Syncarpia glomulifera (Sm.) Nied. Terpentynboom /

Turpentine tree 96 Syzygium paniculatum Gaertn.

(= Eugenia myrtifolia Sims)

Australiese waterpeer /

Australian water – pear, Australian brush – cherry

Priority for investigation.

Invasive threat vs commercial value.

97 Tradescantia pallida (Rose) D.R.Hunt (= Setcreasea purpurea Boom)

Purpleheart Invasive threat ; sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars

98 Tradescantia spathacea Sw. (= Rhoeo spathacea (Sw.) Stearn)

Boat lily Invasive threat ; sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars

99 Ulmus parvifiolia Jacq. (= U. chinensis Pers.)

Fynblaarolm, Chinese iep / Chinese elm

Invasive threat

100 Vinca major L. Cultivars Gewone – opklim / Greater periwinkle

Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated

101 Vinca minor L. Cultivars Lesser periwinkle Sterility or non-invasiveness of cultivars need to be investigated

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