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HINDI AKHBARO ME SAMPADAK KI SATTA AUR VYAVSAYIK MIDIYA

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FEB-MAR, 2015 VOL II/VII www.srjis.com Page 2134

fganh v[kckjksa esa laiknd dh lRrk vkSj O;olkf;d ehfM;k

MkW rqdkjke nkSM

foHkkxk/;{k ,oalg;ksxh izk/;kid i=dkfjrk ,oa tulapkj foHkkx mRRkj egkjkVª fo|ky; tyxkao ¼egkjk’Vª½ ft tyxkao 421001

fganh i=dkfjrk ,oa v[kckjksa esa laiknd ls fdlh v[kckj dh igpku tqMh gksrh gSaA i= dk O;fDreRo dkQh gn rd laiknd ds O;fDreRo ds vk/kkj ij curk gSaA i= dk lqpk: :Ik ls lapkyu vkSj izfr’Bk ,d ;ksX; laiknd gh iznku dj ldrk gSaA og i= ls tqMs fofHkUUk yksxksa ds chp ,d dMh dh rjg dk;Z djrk gSaA laiknd vius lekpkji= ds milaiknd ds lkFk xaHkhj fo’k;ksa ij ppkZ djrs gSaA blh ckr dks en~nsutj j[kdj ;g :ijs[kk cukbZ tkrh gSA vktrd viuh vuqHkwfr dks lR;

le>usokys lkfgR;dkj laiknd vc eap ij de fn[kkbZ nsrs gSaA jktfufrd dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, i=dkfjrk ls T;knk vklku dksbZ ek/;e ugha gSaA ekfyd ds ikl lk/ku gS vkSj og ,slk v[kckj ;k if=dk pkgrk gS tks dek ldsA fQj D;ksa fgUnh i=dkfjrk O;olkf;d Js’Brk dh rjQ ugha c< ik jgh gSa\ mldk Hkfo’; dSlk gSa\ vaxszth dh rqyuk esa fgUnh i=ksa dh la[;k de gSaA vaxszth i= fgUnh ds lkeus ,d pqukSrh ds :i esa [kMs gSaA laiknd dk mn~ns”; fe”ku dks O;olk; cukuk Fkk vkSj leiZ.k ;k yxko dks rVLFkrkA mudh bu t:jrks dks iwjk djus ds fy, u rks ekfydkas dss ikllk/ku Fks vkSj u /kuA vkt ds tekus esa laiknd dh igpku de gks pqdh gSaA fgUnh i=dkfjrk esa laikndksa us lekpkjksa dh ifo=rk ds lkFk fe’kujh lsok Hkko dks NksMdj vc O;olkf;d i=dkfjrk dks c<kok fn;kA ;g

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FEB-MAR, 2015 VOL II/VII www.srjis.com Page 2135 lwpuk izks|ksfxdh ,oa HkweaMyhdj.k dk vfo’dkj gSA izLrqr v/;;u esa fganh v[kckjksa esa laiknd dh lRrk vkSj O;olkf;d ehfM;k ij jks”kuh Mkyh x;h gSaA

fganh v[kckj vkSj laiknd dh lRrk&

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FEB-MAR, 2015 VOL II/VII www.srjis.com Page 2137 o O;oLFkk ifjorZu dh fe”kujh Hkwfedk esa ugha gSaA lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh dzkafr ls fe”kujh i=dkfjrk [kREk gksdj O;olk; rd igq¡p x;h gSaA mlesa laHkkfor vkfFkZd ykHk dk /;ku izeq[kr% j[kk tkrk gSA mldk jktuhfr ls laca/k gks rks mldk uhfr ij vlj iMrk gSaA lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh ,oa Vsyh ekdsZfVax] baVjusV ehfM;k }kjk fganh i=dkfjrk izHkkfor gks pwdh gSaA fganh v[kckjksa dk lapkyu “kq) O;olkf;d rjhdksa ls gksus yxk gSaAftlesa equkQs ij utj jgrh gSA laiknd dh lRrk ds fy, ;g pyu [krjs dh ?kaVh lkfcr gq,A vc T;knkrj i=lapkyd viuk uke laiknd ds :Ik esa Mkyrs gSA fdlh vU; O;fDr dks laikndcuus dk volj ugha nsrsA dgha dgha bl izFkk dks ijaijk ds :Ik esa izpfyr fd;k tk jgk gSA tgk¡ ekfyd laiknd ds nsgkar rd mlds iq= LokHkkfod :Ik ls i= laiknd ds :Ik esa mldk mRrjkf/kdkjh cu tkrk gSA blds dkj.k fgUnh i=dkfjrk dks dbZ izdkj dh gkfu;k gqbZA izFke u;s i=dkjksa vkSj laikndksa dh izfr’Bk gqbZA nwljs tks i=dkj laiknd gksus dh bPNk j[krs gSaA ;k laLFkku esa vkfFkZd vf/kdkj pkgrs gSaA os vDlj ,sls i=ksa dks NksMdj mu i=ksa esa pys tkrs gSa tgk¡ dk laiknd i= dk Lokeh ugha gksrkA jke”kj.k tks”kh ds vuqlkj ^^tgk¡ tgk¡ izca/kdksa dk opZLo c<k gS mlesa lcls cMh Hkwfedk laiknd dh Hkh jgha gSaA ,sls jk’Vªh; v[kckjksa dk tru gqvk tc yxk fd mlds laiknd viuh jkT;lHkk dh lgk;rk ds fy, vius dks lkfgR;dkj ds :Ik esa izfrf’Br djus ds fy, mldk mi;ksx djrs gSaA mlds ckn eWustj cSBsxkA^^5 laiknd dh lRrk ds âkl dk ;g ekeyk nks rjQk gSA ftlesa ,d vkSj fganh v[kckjksa esa c<rh O;olkf;drk ftEesnkj jgh gS] rks nwljh vkSj Lo;a laiknd oxZ dh Hkwfedk Hkh vuks[kh ugha dgh tk ldrhA fiNys ,d n”kd ls fganh i=dkfjrk dk fetkt fo”ks’k :Ik ls cnyk gSaA vkt lekpkj i=ksa dh fcdzh] foKkiu cktkj esa mudh [kjhn Qjks[r vius vki esa ,d vyx fo|k cu x;h gSA bu lcds pyrs lekpkj i= vc laiknd vkSj mlds lkFkh i=dkjksa ds gkFk dh pht ugha jg x;s gSA ijarq izac/kdksa fodszrkvksa vkSj ekfydksa dh Hkwfedk mlls vf/kd egRoiw.kZ gSaaA ;g fganh i=dkfjrk esa izca/ku ds vkf/kiR; dk gh ifj.kke gS fd mlus v[kckj esa laiknd dh lRrk dks [kaM [kaM dj fn;kA dbZ nSfudksa us vc lekpkj vkSj fopkj laiknd uke ls bl laLFkk dks foHkDr dj nks vyx&vyx O;fDr;ksa dks bldh ftEesnkjh lkSai nhA uoHkkjr VkbZEl ,slk djusokyksa esa vkxs FkkA lwpuk izks|ksfxdh vkSj lwpuk ekdsZfVax ds tekus esa izca/kd vkSj foKkiu O;oLFkkid

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FEB-MAR, 2015 VOL II/VII www.srjis.com Page 2138 fe’kujh fganh i=dkfjrk vkSj lekpkj dh ifo=rk&

pkjksa fn’kkvksa ls izkIr gksusokyh lwpukvksa] ?kVukvksa] vkSj fopkjksa dh tk¡p ij[k vkSj xgu Nkuchu ds ckn gh lekpkj viuk vkdkj xzg.k djrk gSA lekpkj ij[kus ds fy, dqN dlksfV;k gS &D;k] dc] dgk¡] dkSu] D;ksa vkSj dSls ds vk/kkj ij lekpkj dks ij[kk tkrk gSaA fdlh lekpkj dk izHkko] izLrqfr] ifj.kke] vkSj yksd Lohd`fr mlds ckn dh dlksfV;k gSaAysfdu vc lekpkj dh fo”oluh;rk ds ijh{k.k ls dgha vf/kd egRoiw.kZ gS mls lcls igys izkIr dj ysus dh gksMA mn~ns”; Hkys gh cny x;k gks ysfdu lekpkj vkSj laoknnkrk ds chp iqjkuk fj”rk gSA bysDVªkWfud ehfM;k vkus ds ckn fganh U;wt pWuyksa esa Li/kkZ c< x;h gSA lkS ls T;knk fganh U;wt pWuy ekStwn gSA i=dkfjrk ds fe”ku ds nkSj dk laoknnkrk vkSj laiknd lekpkj dh ryk”k vkSj ikBdksa rd ig¡qpkus ds fy, tksf[ke mBkus dks r;kj gks x;k gSA O;olkf;d i=dkfjrk us lekpkj dh ifo=rk [kRe dj nhA oS”ohdj.k esa fons”kh lekpkj i= ,oa bysDVªkWfud ehfM;k us dkjiksjsV n”kZu cuk;k gS vkSj fganh Hkk’kk esa vius lekpkj i= izdkf’kr gksuss yxs gSaA fQj Hkh vktknh ls iwoZ fganh v[kckj T;knkrj fe”kujh Hkkouk ls dke djrs Fks ftles jktuhfr vkSj lkekftdfgrks dks lokZsifj LFkku fn;k x;kA equkQs dh ckr ckn esa dh tkrh FkhA bl nkSj esa izdk’kd vkSj laiknd ds chp oSpkfjd lkE; vknkuiznku o rkyesy bruk vf/kd Fkk fd dHkh muds fj’rksa esa dMqvkgV ugha vkrh FkhA vxj dghFkksMk cgqr Vdjko gksrk Hkh Fkk rks leku jktuhfrd] lkekftd mn~ns”; dh lekurk ds dkj.k ;g Vdjko eq[kj gksdj lrg ij ugha vk ikrk FkkA tokgjyky dkSy ds vuqlkj ^^fu%lansg vktknh ls igys ,d ,slk nkSj Hkh Fkk tc

vf/kdrj lekpkj i=ksa ds ekfyd] izdk”kd ,sls yksd Fks ftudk ,d lkekftd ljksdkj FkkA iszl ls os Hkh iSlk dek ysrs Fks ysfdu i=& if=dkvksa dks os ,d lkekftd jktuhfrd ;k vkfFkZd mn~ns”; dh izkfIr ds lk/ku ds :Ik esa bLrseky djrs FksA fdlh u fdlh izdkj ds yksdnkf;Ro dk ,glkl mUgsa FkkA ,sls esa izdk”kd vkSj laiknd ds chp dsoy ekfyd vkSj ukSdj ds fj”rs FksA ,d lkekftd nkf;Ro ;k y{; izkfIr dh dkeuk] mlds fy, lka>h le> muds chp lsrw dk dke djrs FksA dHkh& dHkh rks izdk”kd gh laiknd gksrk FkkA laiknd vyx gksus ij Hkh mldh vyx izfr’Bk gksrh Fkh] u dsoy ekfydksa ds lkeus cfYd O;kid ikBd oxZ esa Hkh mldh vyx igpku FkhA^^6 vktknh ls iwoZ izdk”kd] laikndksa dh vkilh le> vkSj jktuSfrd] lkekftd y{; izkfIr dh vkilh izfrc)rk us fganh

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FEB-MAR, 2015 VOL II/VII www.srjis.com Page 2139 us iwathoknh vkSj isMU;wt ds }kjk iSlk olwy fd;kA fiNys yksdlHkk vkSj fo/kkulHkk pquko dk bfrgkl xokg gS] yksdfgr ds vkoj.k esa mUgksaus futh fgrksa dks izkFkfedrk nhA igys dkjiksjsV txr vkSj ckn esa jktuhfrd nyksa vkSj usrkvksa us ehfM;k dh bl izo`fRr dh vkykspuk djrs gq, Hkh mUgsa eq¡gekaxh fder vnk dh gSA lwpuk izks|ksfxdh ds ;qx esa fganh i=dkfjrk O;olkf;d ehfM;k dk lcls cMk gfFk;kj gks x;k gSaA

fu’d’kZ %

Li’V gS fd lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh ds nkSjku fganh v[kckjksaa ds laiknd lsokHkko ls i=dkfjrk djrs FksA vkt fgznh i=dkfjrk ds m|ksx esa cnyko vkSj cktkjoknh uhfr;ksa ds ncko esa izca/kd ekfyd ds lkeus equkQk gh eq[; y{; gks x;kA bls c<kus ds fy, v[kckj dh lRrk ftEesnkj laiknd ds gkFk ls izca/kdks ds gkFk esa vk x;h gSA baVjusV lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh ds lgkjs maxyh idMdj i=dkfjrk u;h igpku cuk yh gSA HkweaMyhdj.k ds bl nkSj esa ,d vkSj fganh i=dkfjrk esa laiknd dh lRrk detksj gqbZ rks nwljh vkSj foKkiu dk izHkqRo c<us yxk gSA Lo;a laiknd vPNs dSfj;j vkSj iSls dh pkg esa ,d laLFkku NksMdj nwljs laLFkku esa pys tkrs gSA fganh fe”kujh i=dkfjrk ls fganh i=dkfjrk lwpuk izks|ksfxdh dzakfr ls O;olk; rd igq¡p pqdh gSaA Li’V gS fd laiknd dh lRrk ds âkl dk ekeyk nks rjQk gSaA blesa dksbZ lansg ugha gSA

lanHkZ lwph %

tokgjyky dkSy& fganh i=dkfjrk vkSj cktkj i` 205

deykifr f=ikBh & i= vkSj i=dkj] i` 188& 189

fctsanz dqekj & fganh i=dkfjrk vkSj HkweaMyhdj.k] Jh uVjkt izdk”ku ubZ fnYyh&izFke laLdj.k 2007] i` 112

jktfd”kksj & i=dkfjrk ds ifjizs{;] i` 50

jke”kj.k tks”kh &ehfM;k vkSj cktkjokn] i` 67

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