FIRE Call 8 Projects

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FIRE Call 8 Projects

Coordination & Support Action (CSA) Projects

AmpliFIRE

The objective of the AmpliFIRE Support Action is to prepare FIRE for year 2020, in strengthening the exploitation and impact creation capacities of Future Internet Research and Experimentation (FIRE) facilities. It brings the concept of open innovation into the world of FIRE, involving beneficiaries across the range from infrastructure technologies to new modes of interaction, collaboration and empowerment. AmpliFIRE enhances the awareness for FIRE-enabled research and innovation opportunities in the business community, in societal domains and in the existing FIRE community. AmpliFIRE develops a sustainable vision for 2020 of Future Internet research and experimentation including the role of FIRE facilities, and sets out a transition path from the current situation towards 2020. It conducts an assessment of today’s FIRE capabilities, identifying the gaps relative to the 2020 demands and identifying how capabilities must evolve. FIRE capabilities include research and engineering experiment facilities, new user- and innovation-oriented instruments, platforms to attract business interest to FIRE, and collaboration and business models for partnering. By 2020, FIRE facilities shall be the backbone of European research and innovation ecosystems. AmpliFIRE proposes the capabilities, collaboration models and service offering portfolios to achieve that goal. Enhancing earlier actions and ensuring FIRE community support continuity, AmpliFIRE supports the FIRE community to identify exploitation opportunities, enhance impact creation approaches and strengthen effectiveness of the FIRE facility. Based on Key Performance Indicators, AmpliFIRE monitors the technical, operational and organizational conditions necessary to realise benefits, impact and sustainability of the Europe-wide Future Internet experiment facility.

Contact: Hans Schaffers Email: hans.schaffers@aalto.fi

FUSION

SMEs are developing new applications and services, which could benefit from testing facilities. There are number of FIRE testbeds, which have been

developed and are ongoing in the European research community. The goal of the FUSION project is to bring SMEs that have needs in testing new applications together with these FIRE testbeds. The FIRE facilities will at their turn benefit from the specific requirements expressed by those SMEs, thanks to FUSION. The FUSION project provides an exchange portal whereby SMEs through their clusters can present their testing requirements. The portal lines up these requirements with the testing capabilities available on the testbeds. FUSION will provide a series of engagement activities with clusters integrating SMEs or ultimately with SMEs. These engagement activities will discuss the testbeds capabilities, the SME testing requirements and application market opportunities, to enable collaboration and dissemination of information and to report on their findings. Finally, FUSION will present a roadmap and series of recommendations for ongoing testing of applications on the facilities. The benefits of FUSION are hugely cost effective i.e. these clusters integrating SMEs with inadequate or no testbeds facilities, will not need to spend money developing their own. Instead they can use what is already there and get much further ahead in their own project objectives. They can benefit from the expertise of people who have developed and worked on these world-class research facilities. This type of fusion is enabling greater awareness, collaboration, networking and cohesion between different research groups in both the clusters that are largely integrating SMEs and the testbeds facilities groups leading to greater innovation and competitiveness in European ICT industry.

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FIRE Call 8 Projects

Integrated Project (IP)

FED4FIRE

A federation of experimentation facilities will significantly accelerate Future Internet research. Fed4FIRE will deliver open and easily accessible facilities to the FIRE experimentation communities, which focus on fixed and wireless infrastructures, services and applications, and combinations thereof. The project will develop a demand-driven common federation framework, based on an open

architecture and specification. It will be widely adopted by facilities and promoted internationally. This framework will provide simple, efficient, and cost effective experimental processes built around experimenters’ and facility owners’ requirements. Insight into technical and socio-economic metrics, and how the introduction of new technologies into Future Internet facilities influences them, will be provided by harmonized and comprehensive measurement techniques. Tools and services supporting dynamic federated identities, access control, and SLA management will increase the trustworthiness of the federation and its facilities. A FIRE portal will offer brokering, user access management and measurements. Professional technical staff will offer first-line and second-line support to make the federation simple to use. The project will use open calls to support innovative experiments from academia and industry and to adapt additional experimentation facilities for compliance with Fed4FIRE specifications. A federation authority will be established to approve facilities and to promote desirable operational policies that simplify federation. A Federation Standardization Task Force will prepare for sustainable standardization beyond the end of the project. The adoption of the Fed4FIRE common federation framework by the FIRE facilities, the widespread usage by both academic and industrial experimenters, and the strong links with other national and international initiatives such as the FI-PPP, will pave the way to sustainability towards Horizon 2020.

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FIRE Call 8 Projects

STREP (Specific Targeted REsearch Project) Projects

3D-LIVE

The 3D-LIVE project aims to develop and experiment a User Driven Mixed Reality and Immersive (Twilight) platform connected to EXPERIMEDIA facilities in order to investigate the Future Internet (FI) broadband capacity to support Real-Time immersive situations as well as evaluating both the Quality of Experience (QoE) and Quality of Services. The main objective consists to explore 3D/Media technologies and IoT in real and virtual environments in order to sense and experiment live situations. The combination of FIRE testbeds and Living Labs would enable both researchers and users to explore FI capacities to enter the Tele-Immersive application market and to establish new requirements for Internet technology and infrastructure. Combining both FI technology pull and Tele-Immersion market pull would promote and accelerate the creation and adoption of innovative sportive events based FI Services by communities of sport practitioners. The 3D-LIVE project is built around four main activities: 1. Create a FI Experiential Design methodology including a holistic User Experience model; 2. Design the architecture of the Twilight Platform; 3. Prototype the Twilight Platform and 3D Tele-Immersive Environments; 4. Experiment and evaluate the Twilight Platform and 3D Tele-Immersive Environments in conducting the skiing, running and golfing scenarios. The selected FIRE facilities are EXPERIMEDIA CAR and Schladming. Of particular interest is the EXPERIMEDIA advancement in new methods and algorithms for content processing targeting the efficient delivery of augmented reality to mobile devices and 3D processing for on the fly reconstruction of live events in indoor geolocalised spaces. Impacts are the FIRE facilities more useful for researching FI possibilities when integrated with Living Labs especially in extending this to IoT synchronization; New Social Interactions and Collective experiences are made possible; New Business models for the emerging Twilight zone market.

Contact: Marco Conte Email: marco.conte@collaborative-engineering.it

ALIEN

ALIEN will deliver an innovative network abstraction mechanism targeting the control and management convergence and interoperability of heterogeneous network elements building strong foundations for Software Defined Networks. To achieve this, ALIEN proposes to adopt the concept of Network Operating System (NOS), a distributed system running on top the hybrid, heterogeneous network infrastructure, which creates a global view of the network elements and their capability. The NOS of ALIEN will be based on control and management framework of OFELIA FIRE facility. ALIEN will extend OpenFlow control framework of OFELIA and its architecture to support abstraction of network information of equipment that are alien to the OpenFlow technology such as optical network elements, legacy layer2 switches, network processors and programmable hardware (FPGA). Building on its novel NOS, ALIEN introduces the concept of the control program paradigm, which operates on the global view of the network. and support new network technologies in layer0, layer1 and layer 2 both in core and access. The NOS of ALIEN utilizes a novel hardware description language as well as a functional abstraction mechanism for uniform representation of any type of network hardware and their capabilities/functionalities that doesn’t support OpenFLow (i.e. alien hardware). The language will describe capabilities of hardware, input and output signal format, and topology information to describe the pipelining of actions on specific hardware. The abstraction mechanism will hide hardware complexity as well as technology and vendor specific features from OpenFlow control framework. ALIEN project aims to experimentally verify its solution for describing network device capabilities and controlling its forwarding behaviour of all OpenFlow and non-OpenFlow capable hardware simultaneously.

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FIRE Call 8 Projects

STREP (Specific Targeted REsearch Project) Projects

Cityflow

This Future Internet experiment will create a multi-autonomous-system experimental signalling overlay on the OFELIA OpenFlow infrastructure. We propose to marry an existing NSIS signalling stack, along with an existing multi autonomous system Virtual Path Slice controller, to the OFELIA OpenFlow experimental facility, thereby extending OpenFlow with signalling and multi-domain interworking on a multi-autonomous-system topology. We will use the Virtual Wall facility to emulate a city broadband network with up to 100 nodes, and will model the network based on best practices as observed in public internet production networks. The work will be conducted in three steps (i) experiment setup and configuration (ii) experiment implementation and (iii) showcase and demonstration. Altogether four experiments will be performed. The first experiment will verify the inter-working of NSIS and the VPS Controller with OpenFlow. The second experiment concerns signalling performance; the intention is to measure the performance of the control plane with high signalling load and identify what Busy Hour Connection Attempt (BHCA) performance can be achieved. The third experiment will measure the resilience of the virtual path slice in the context of high background traffic load for uni-directional and bi-directional traffic. Finally, another experiment will investigate how the system reacts under different failure scenarios. The showcase will demonstrate the benefit of signalling for two use cases: (a) a scenario for true HD video; and (b) a HD video-to-video scenario for real-time interactive traffic.

Contact: Dr Rob Baxter Email: r.baxter@epcc.ed.ac.uk

CLOMMUNITY

Community networking (also known as bottom-up networking) is an emerging model for the Future Internet across Europe and beyond where communities of citizens can build, operate and own open IP-based networks, a key infrastructure for individual and collective digital participation. The CLOMMUNITY project aims at addressing the obstacles for communities of citizens in bootstrapping, running and expanding community-owned networks that provide community services organised as community clouds. That requires solving specific research challenges imposed by the requirement of: self-managing and scalable (decentralized) infrastructure services for the management and aggregation of a large number of widespread low-cost unreliable networking, storage and home computing resources; distributed platform services to support and facilitate the design and operation of elastic, resilient and scalable service overlays and user-oriented services built over these underlying services, providing a good quality of experience at the lowest economic and environmental cost. This will be achieved through experimentally-driven research, using the FIRE CONFINE community networking testbed, the participation of large user communities (20000+ people) and software developers from several community networks, by extending existing cloud service prototypes in a cyclic participatory process of design, development, experimentation, evaluation and optimization for each challenge. The consortium has two representative community networks with a large number of end-users and developers, who use diverse applications (e.g. content distribution, multimedia communication, community participation) and also service providers (by SMEs and non-profit groups), research institutions with experience and prototypes in the key related areas, and a recognized international organisation for the dissemination of the outcome.

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FIRE Call 8 Projects

STREP (Specific Targeted REsearch Project) Projects

EAR-IT

Audio sensors are cheap and often easy to deploy and, with the growing power of processing and networking capabilities it is possible to exploit audio data for a broad range of applications. The untapped value of audio data is still to be revealed but key partner in this project are already working on energy efficiency and traffic monitoring applications, just to mention few. There is thus great potential for RTD on intelligent (acoustic) solutions based on acoustical sensor networks to support a myriad set of applications of high (social, business, etc.) value. On the other hand, there exist now large-scale innovative test-beds to support experimentally-driven research on ‘real-life’ environments – the FIRE facilities! These facilities (notably here, SmartSantander and HobNet) have an installed base of sensors, networked altogether, capable of supporting some advanced research in intelligent acoustics solutions. This leads to the idea of “Ears on FIRE” directed at Experimenting Acoustics in Real environments using Innovative Test-beds (EAR-IT) by realising some distributed intelligence powered by acoustics. To explore, validate and confirm the RTD possibilities of using audio data both in indoor and outdoor environments, this project will use then use nice test-bed capabilities of the HobNet project for indoor environment and related application such as energy efficiency, as well as the capability of the SmartSantander project for large-scale outdoor but also indoor environments where applications can be useful in a smart city environment. The objectives will be both to validate main research lines but also to deliver new innovative range of services and applications targeting (but not limited) to smart-buildings and smart-cities.

Contact: Pedro Maló Email: pmm@uninova.pt

ECO2Clouds

Ecological implications of the rapid proliferation of cloud-based IT infrastructures form an important gap in the current state of the art in both research and practice. Addressing this gap is vital for sustainable future developments in cloud computing. ECO2Clouds will investigate strategies that can ensure not only effective application deployment on the cloud infrastructure but also reduce the resultant energy consumption and CO2 emissions. The need for novel deployment strategies becomes more evident when an application spans multiple clouds. Cloud providers operate under different regulatory frameworks and cost structures in relation to environmental policies and energy value-chains. In addition, optimising the way key assets such as application logic and databases are deployed is constrained by a set of non-functional requirements such as quality, privacy and cross-platform, service-level agreements. To date, little is known about how to incorporate carbon emissions and energy consumption into application development and deployment decision models. ECO2Clouds will provide a timely, challenging and highly innovative approach to cloud computing service delivery, which will tackle the following issues: -Develop cloud application programming interface extensions and mechanisms to collect eco-metrics at infrastructure and VM level, and quantify the environmental impact of execution at infrastructure and application level -Investigate the key environment, quality and cost parameters needed so as to underpin a holistic approach to multi-cloud application deployment -Develop evaluation mechanisms and optimization algorithms to assess different parameter configurations and their influence in energy-efficient cloud sourcing and application-deployment strategies -Integrate the carbon-aware mechanisms into FIRE facility BonFIRE so as to test, validate and optimize the eco-metrics, models and algorithms developed and improve the FIRE offering.

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FIRE Call 8 Projects

STREP (Specific Targeted REsearch Project) Projects

EVARILOS

The EVARILOS project addresses one of the major problems of indoor localization research: The pitfall to reproduce research results in real life scenarios suffering from uncontrolled RF interference and the weakness of numerous published solutions being evaluated under

individual, not comparable and not repeatable conditions. Accurate and robust indoor localization is a key enabler for context-aware Future Internet applications, whereby robust means that the localization solutions should perform well in diverse physical indoor environments under realistic RF interference conditions. The objectives of the EVARILOS project are: Firstly, EVARILOS will develop a benchmarking methodology enabling objective experimental validation of and fair comparison between state-of-the art indoor localization solutions. Contrary to previous approaches, state-of-the EVARILOS benchmarking methodology not only considers accuracy metrics, but also complexity, cost, energy, and, most importantly, RF interference robustness metrics. Next, the project aims to improve the interference robustness of state-of-the art localization solutions through (a) introducing multimodal approaches leveraging the diversity of different localization methods; (b) introducing environmental awareness and cognitive features; (c) by leveraging the presence of external interference. Thirdly, the EVARILOS benchmarking methodology and interference-robust localization solutions will be validated in two real-life application scenarios: healthcare in a hospital setting and underground mining safety. The main outcomes of the project are a public handbook on the use of the EVARILOS benchmarking methodology and the EVARILOS benchmarking suite. The latter will be implemented in two different testbeds belonging to the FIRE facilities (CREW and OpenLab) and will be publically available under open source licenses. We will further issue an open challenge for the best localization solution to promote the EVARILOS benchmarking methodology.

Contact: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Adam Wolisz Email: awo@ieee.org

IRATI

Driven by the requirements of the emerging applications and networks, the Internet has become an architectural patchwork of growing complexity which strains to cope with the

changes. Moore’s law prevented us from recognising that the problem does not hide in the high demands of today’s applications but lies in the flaws of the Internet’s original design. The Internet needs to move beyond TCP/IP to prosper in the long term, TCP/IP has outlived its usefulness. The Recursive InterNetwork Architecture (RINA) is a new Internetwork architecture whose fundamental principle is that networking is only inter-process communication (IPC). RINA reconstructs the overall structure of the Internet, forming a model that comprises a single repeating layer, the DIF (Distributed IPC Facility), which is the minimal set of components required to allow distributed IPC between application processes. RINA supports inherently and without the need of extra mechanisms mobility, multi-homing and Quality of Service, provides a secure and configurable environment, motivates for a more competitive marketplace and allows for a seamless adoption. RINA is the best choice for the next generation networks due to its sound theory, simplicity and the features it enables. IRATI’s goal is to achieve further exploration of this new architecture. IRATI will advance the state of the art of RINA towards an architecture reference model and specifications that are closer to enable implementations deployable in production scenarios. The design and implemention of a RINA prototype on top of Ethernet will permit the experimentation and evaluation of RINA in comparison to TCP/IP. IRATI will use the OFELIA testbed to carry on its experimental activities. Both projects will benefit from the collaboration. IRATI will gain access to a large-scale testbed with a controlled network while OFELIA will get a unique use-case to validate the facility: experimentation of a non-IP based Internet.

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FIRE Call 8 Projects

STREP (Specific Targeted REsearch Project) Projects

OFERTIE

This Future Internet Research Experiment addresses an important emerging class of distributed

applications known as Real-Time Online Interactive Applications (ROIA). These include multi-player online computer games, advanced simulation-based e-Learning and training platforms, and other applications dependent upon synchronised bidirectional media distribution. These applications are computationally intensive and typically cloud-hosted, and place heavy demands on the network. The loads are also highly variable, depending on the popularity of an application and the behaviour of participants.it is possible to use SLA-based management of cloud hosting across multiple data centres to scale and load balance applications dynamically and securely, while reducing start-up costs. However, network bottlenecks are introduced which limit scalability and quality of experience. Today there is no effective means whereby an application can manage the network over which it runs, such that business conflicts can be resolved when the application is distributed across multiple data centres and/or accessed via multiple ISPs, providing a mutually acceptable balance between the needs of ISPs, application providers, network providers and users such that users’ expectations of performance can be met economically and sustainably for all service providers. OFERTIE will extend SLA-based management and APIs, integrating with OpenFlow, the programmable networking technology under-pinning the OFELIA experimental facility. The enhanced SLA-based management system will be used to control the use of computational resources by application processes running at each OFELIA site, and use OpenFlow to control routing decisions at each network switch. We will enhance the OFELIA Testbed to run experiments to establish how programmable networks can be used to support appropriate technical solutions and investigate which business models would be able to use these solutions in an economically sustainable fashion

Contact: Paul Walland Email: pww@it-innovation.soton.ac.uk

RELYonIT

By embracing vast quantities of wireless sensors and actuators, the Future Internet will reach into the real world and provide online access to the state of things and places. The resulting Internet of Things (IoT) is deemed to enable applications of utmost societal value including smart cities, smart grids, and smart healthcare. However, most of these applications pose strict dependability requirements on IoT performance: sensor data and actuation commands must be delivered reliably and timely while batteries powering devices must last for a given time in the order of years. Failure to meet these requirements may result in risks for humans and infrastructures, insufficient user satisfaction, and high costs. Existing IoT solutions do not provide dependable performance. A major reason for this is that embedded wireless sensors and actuators are deeply affected by their often hostile environment. Radio interference from other wireless equipment and electrical appliances impairs communication, temperature and humidity variations affect battery capacity and electronics. RELYonIT will close this gap by providing a systematic framework and toolchain to enable dependable IoT applications by taking into account all relevant environmental properties and their impact on IoT platforms and protocols. Environment-aware IoT protocols will be developed and automatically configured to meet application-specific dependability requirements. Analyzing and modeling environmental properties and their impact on IoT platforms and protocols requires experimentation on a large number of different platforms under widely varying environmental conditions. To this end, RELYonIT will not only exploit the scale and diversity of the existing FIRE IoT facilities WISEBED and SmartSantander, but will extend them to allow repetition of an experiment under identical environmental conditions to enable a systematic study of how IoT performance is affected by relevant parameters.

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FIRE Call 8 Projects

STREP (Specific Targeted REsearch Project) Projects

Social&Smart

Social&Smart is a research project using the housekeeping scenario to experiment a pervasive Future Internet network that provides real services to a wide population. The goal is to devise an infrastructure allowing all appliances in the home to speak to a middleware where any user can easily create cognitive and scalable solutions in the cloud to manage them. It offers a knowledge management milieu where the user interacts with a social network to issue what we call recipes, i.e. a list of instructions for the devices embedded in a simplified scripting language. Through the recipes, s/he generates real workflows embedding commands that are finely tuned through cognitive processes based both on user feedbacks and on knowledge and services shared with the other members of the network. The typical storyboard is the one where housekeepers exchange recipes, for instance to wash dirty clothes, in terms of scripts or API calls that get improved iteratively on the basis of the statics on their efficiency. The general strategy is to experiment Future Internet from the human centric perspective, where the users, and not universal procedures, are the owners of the rules operating the things. As members of a social network they share needs, knowledge, services and feedbacks within a networked intelligence to jointly improve their individual ability to rule the appliances at their service. This comes from three converging perspectives: 1. At a local scale, we need things (appliances and hubs) to wirelessly communicate with one another in order to exchange both IDs and commands 2. At a global level, we must integrate thousands of different appliances in a unique network through which to flow data and commands in an unambiguous and efficient way. We will experiment this on three FIRE facility prototypes hosted by the EU projects Crew, OpenLab and SmartSantander, respectively. 3. From an abstract perspective the previous layers constitute the infrastructure where Internet-of-Thing and Internet-of-People merge to realize a user community.

Contact: Bruno Apolloni Email: apolloni@dsi.unimi.it

STEER

Social media already influence social relationships thus changing social structure enabled by technological advances. These advances transform the environment(s) we are surrounded by, as they introduce new kinds of interactions between humans and objects. It is therefore natural for users within this emerging social cyberspace to demand the kind of experiences they are accustomed to in their daily lives with the community type of communications being at the central stage. STEER will address this community-centric digitally-based ecosystem which we refer to as “Social Telemedia”, a cross-breeding of social networks and networked media. Social Telemedia will further intensify current societal practices and habits and they will flourish on a new network middleware framework that will combine Social Informatics and Content Delivery. Social Informatics loosely refer to any digitized information that is generated or exchanged in the context of social networking whereas content delivery represents the communication medium through which social informatics are exchanged, only this time content could be delivered through a bundle of synchronised and heterogeneous flows to a community of users. The overall objective of STEER is to make significant advances in Social Telemedia research and practices, and engineer an operational Social Telemedia environment customized to support various innovative experiments. These experiments are oriented toward investigating the intrinsic nature of the Future Social Telemedia Lifecycle that revolves around communities, revealing new properties and patterns, creating new insights, and, exploring the synergy between Social Informatics and Networked Media delivery and its impact on user experience. To achieve this objective STEER will contribute new experimental facilities such as smart houses and mobile devices, it will develop a Social-Aware Media Enabled Cloud architecture and integrate with OpenLab and EXPERIMEDIA project facilities. STEER will also perform joint international experiments as one of its partners, University California Davis, USA, has recently being awarded a GENI-related project of the NSF programme, the counterpart to FIRE programme in Europe.

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