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Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute

Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute (AEDEI) , ISO 9001:2008 Certified Institute of Electrical Design & Engineering training programs for Dedicated to Electrical Engineers . AEDEI is latest venture for providing the quality education in the best

possible facilities is a key aim of Skill developments for various verticals in Electrical Engineering design.

To be a global Training centre of designing and engineering excellence for facing the challenges of 21st century and beyond.

To be the best in imparting technical knowledge and skills to its students for the development of to nation.

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Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute

ESD Training Covers Practical design of the electrical supply and the specification of the equipment needed in modern Generation , Transmission ,Distribution , oil, gas and petrochemical plants. Also part of protection, utilisation and safety hazards and

reliability requirements.

During The Training Programs Detailed worked examples are also given to demonstrate the subject with practical parameters and data.

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Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute Electric power transmission is the bulk transfer of electrical energy, a process in the delivery of electricity to consumers. A power transmission network typically connects power plants to multiple substations near a populated area.

The wiring from substations to customers is referred to as electricity distribution, following the historic business model separating the wholesale electricity transmission business from distributors who deliver the electricity to the homes.

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Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute

•Provide an alternative path for the fault current to flow so that it will not endanger the user •Ensure that all exposed conductive parts do not reach a dangerous potential

•Maintain the voltage at any part of an electrical system at a known value so as to prevent over current or excessive

voltage on the appliances or equipment.

•Transmission

•Substations & Power Generations •Telecommunication

•Transformer Neutral Earthing •Lightning Arrestor Earthing •Equipment Body Earthing •Water Treatment Plants •Heavy Industries

•College, Hospitals, Banks •Residential Building

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Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute

Lighting is primarily provided for people, not for the buildings or roadways or objects illuminated. Peoples’ needs should determine what kind of lighting is provided.

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THANKING YOU!!

HAVE A NICE DAY

Head Office

7,Bhai Veer Singh Marg Gole Market,

Connaught Place New Delhi-110001

Branch Office

107,1st Floor Near Nirman Vihar Metro Station

Laxmi Nagar New Delhi-92

Land Mark : V3S Mall, Nirman Vihar

Contact: 07838328403,08467024957

E-Mail:-info@advanceelectricaldesign.com electricaldesign01@gmail.com

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Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute

Power systems analysis software allows users to simulate electrical power system networks quickly and easily to judge their correct, safe and timely operation

Single -line diagram, Short Circuit Analysis Ampacity, Load flow Analysis ,Cable Sizing, and Transmission Line Constants, provide integrated as well as stand-alone capabilities to design, analyze, and size equipment.

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Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute

Thousands of companies, electric utilities, and government agencies worldwide rely on power system for the design, analysis, maintenance, and operation of their most critical electrical power systems.

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Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute

Load Flow Studies:

•Determine Steady State Operating Conditions –Voltage Profile –Power Flows –Current Flows –Power Factors –Transformer LTC Settings –Voltage Drops

–Generator’s Mvar Demand (Qmax & Qmin) –Total Generation & Power Demand

–Steady State Stability Limits –MW & Mvar Losses

Sizing& Determine System Equipment & Parameters:

•Cable / Feeder Capacity •Capacitor Size

•Transformer MVA & kV Ratings (Turn Ratios) •Transformer Impedance & Tap Setting

•Current Limiting Reactor Rating & Imp. •MCC & Switchgear Current Ratings •Generator’s Mvar Demand

•Transmission, Distribution & Utilization kV and Flow Studies:

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Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute

Selection of utility grid

Selection of Cable

Selection of Transformer

Loading of motor

Sizing of Generator

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Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute

 Initial Symmetrical Short-Circuit Current (I"k) Peak Short-Circuit Current (ip)

Symmetrical Short-Circuit Breaking Current (Ib) Steady-State Short-Circuit Current (Ik)

Types of Fault to be calculate LG

L-L L-L-G

Selection of CB

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Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute

Need for Grounding Grids

Currents flow into the grounding grid from: Lightning Arrester Operations

Switching Surge Flashover of Insulators Line-Ground Fault from Connected Bus Line-Ground Fault from Connected Line

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Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute

Objective

To determine the ratings and settings of fuses,

breakers, relay, etc.

To isolate the fault or overloads.

Protection

Prevent injury to personnel

Minimize damage to components

Quickly isolate the affected portion of the

system Coordination

Limit the extent and duration of service

interruption

Selective fault isolation Provide alternate circuits

Relay Coordination:

 50,51,50N (over current and earth fault Relay) 27,59,81(O),81(U)(Under voltage & Over

Voltage, , Under Frequency & Overfrequency)

Transformer Protection (Buccholz Relay, WTI)

Study Procedure

# Prepare an accurate one-line diagram (relay diagrams) # Obtain the available system current spectrum # Determine the equipment protection guidelines # Select the appropriate devices / settings

# Plot the fixed points (damage curves, …) # Obtain / plot the device characteristics curves #Analyze the results

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Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute

Ensure that motor will start with voltage drop If Tst<Tloadat s=1, then motor will not start

If Tm=Tloadat s<sr, motor can not reach rated speed Torque varies as (voltage)^2

Ensure that voltage drop will not disrupt other loads Utility bus voltage >95%

3% Sag represents a point when light flicker becomes

visible

5% Sag represents a point when light flicker becomes

irritating

MCC bus voltage >80%

Generation bus voltage > 93%

Ensure motor feeders sized adequately (Assuming 100% voltage at Switchboard or MCC)

LV cable voltage drop at starting < 20% LV cable voltage drop when running at

full-load < 5%

HV cable voltage drop at starting < 15% HV cable voltage drop when running at

full-load < 3%

Maximum motor size that can be started

across the line

Motor kW < 1/6 kW rating of generator

(islanded)

For 6 MW of islanded generation, largest

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Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute

Electrical Arcs can occur when a conductive object

gets too close to a high-amp current source (energized conductor).

Arc Fault at Location B Arc Fault at Location A

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THANKING YOU!!

HAVE A NICE DAY

Head Office

7,Bhai Veer Singh Marg Gole Market,

Connaught Place New Delhi-110001

Branch Office

107,1st Floor Near Nirman Vihar Metro Station

Laxmi Nagar New Delhi-92

Land Mark : V3S Mall, Nirman Vihar

Contact: 07838328403,08467024957

E-Mail:-info@advanceelectricaldesign.com electricaldesign01@gmail.com

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Potential of solar energy

What is Photovoltaic (PV)?

Photovoltaic means turning daylight directly into dc electricity

Done by photovoltaic cells (PV cells), assembled into PV modules

There are no moving parts

There is no 'fuel', apart from daylight

The modules need no maintenance

In principle, almost indefinite lifetime

PV works with both direct sunlight and indirect daylight (more light = more power) Central power plant Offices Houses Storage Microturbines Fuel cells Industrial plants Wind turbines Virtual power plant CHP PV power plant Central power plant Offices Houses Storage Microturbines Fuel cells Industrial plants Wind turbines Virtual power plant CHP PV power plant

Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute

Photovoltaic is the most elegant way of producing electricity

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© ABB Group February 15, 2015 | Slide 44

Photovoltaic market

Market segments

Grid-connected systems Residential applications Commercial and industrial applications Large power plants Off-grid systems Rural applications Industrial solutions Consumer systems Solar energy systems 95% 1/3 1/3 1/3 5%

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Advance Electrical Design & Engineering Institute

Andhra Pradesh - Non-Conventional Energy Development Corporatiopn of Andhra Pradesh Ltd. (NEDCAP)

Arunachal Pradesh Energy Development Agency (APEDA) Assam Energy Development Agency (AEDA)

Gujarat Energy Development Agency (GEDA)

Haryana Renewable Energy Development Agency (HAREDA) Himachal Pradesh Energy Development Agency (HPEDA) Jharkhand Renewable Energy Development Agency (JREDA) Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd. (KREDL) Maharashtra Energy Development Agency (MEDA)

Meghalaya Non-Conventional & Rural Energy Development Agency ( MNREDA)

Orissa Renewable Energy Development Agency (OREDA) Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency (TEDA)

Uttar Pradesh New and Renewable Energy Development Agency ( UPNEDA)

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THANKING YOU!!

HAVE A SUNNY DAY

Head Office

7,Bhai Veer Singh Marg Gole Market,

Connaught Place New Delhi-110001

Branch Office

107,1st Floor Near Nirman Vihar Metro Station

Laxmi Nagar New Delhi-92

Land Mark : V3S Mall, Nirman Vihar

Contact: 07838328403,08467024957

E-Mail:-info@advanceelectricaldesign.com electricaldesign01@gmail.com

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