Astro Lessons


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Applied Astronomy

Difference between Astronomy and Astrology

Astronomy - This is a science of the celestial objects in the universe. This does not take in to consideration their effects on the living or non living things existing in the universe.

However the astrologically considered celestial objects (in their existing order) are as follows. SUN--Mercury--Venus--EARTH--Mars--Jupiter--Saturn--Uranus--Neptune--Pluto

Note: The Moon is not plotted above as it revolves around the Earth. Relative Distances are as follows.

The distance between the EARTH and the SUN is 9,30,03,000 miles. Let us consider this as 1 unit.

The distances of the other planets from the SUN are as follows.

Mercury --- 0.42 units Venus --- 0.7 units Earth --- 1 unit Mars --- 1.5 units Jupiter --- 5 units Saturn --- 9 units Uranus --- 19 units Neptune --- 30 units Pluto --- 40 units

Astrology - This is Applied Astronomy in Day Today Life.

This takes in to consideration effects of above mentioned celestial objects on the living or the non living things existing in the universe. In a way it is the 'functional' or the 'applied' study of the planets.

In addition to the above mentioned 10 planets two more hypothetical planets namely Rahu and Ketu are also considered.

Rahu and Ketu : -- They are not the real physical celestial objects. The Earth and the Moon have very little angle in their path around the Sun. The two points of the intersections of their path are known as Rahu and Ketu. Rahu and Ketu are also considered very important in the Hindu Astrology.

Basics of the Birth Chart / Janma Kundali


The Birth Chart used in the Hindu Vedic Astrology is shown as above. This is the most common way of depicting the Kundali especially in the Northern India.

In Southern India the Chart is depicted in a Square format. However I will be using the above mentioned Chart Format.

In any Chart/ Kundali there are 12 compartments which are called 'Houses', 'Bhav', 'Sthan'. The topmost house is counted as the first house. (Number 1 House in the figure.) Then subsequently all the other houses are counted in anti-clockwise direction.

Planets, 'Grahas'

There are total 12 planets, 'grahas' considered in astrology.

Ancient Vedic Astrology only 9 planets are considered. The recently discovered 3 planets namely Uranus ('Harshal'), Neptune and Pluto were obviously not considered.

However it is wise to consider all 12 planets.

The 12 Planets are as follows.

Planets English Names Planets Hindu Names

Sun Ravi

Moon Chandra

Mercury Budha

Venus Shukra

Mars Mangal, Kuja, Kartikeya

Jupiter Guru

Saturn Shani

North Node Rahu

South Node Ketu

Uranus Harshal

Neptune Neptune

Pluto Pluto

They are revolving around the Sun in their respective orbits. Exception is the Moon, Rahu, Ketu. As you are all aware that the Moon is a satellite of our Earth. Moon is revolving around the Earth


and Earth in turn is revolving around the Sun in its orbit.

Rahu and Ketu are not the actual planets at all. They are actually only intersection points of the Earth and the Moon. However since these cosmic points have considerable influence on the nature they are considered as planets in the astrology.

Signs, Rashis

There are twelve 12 Signs, Rashis as follows.

Sign No./

Name Sanskrit Name

Meaning of Sanskrit

Name Type Sex Mobility

Lord or Bhavesh

1/ Aries Mesha Ram Fire/ Agni M Movable/Chara Mars

2/ Taurus Vrushaba Bull Earth/ Bhumi F Fixed/ Sthir Venus 3/ Gemini Mithun Couple Air/ Vayu M Common/ Dwisabhavi Mercury 4/ Cancer Karka, Kataka Crab Water/ Jal F Movable/ Chara Moon

5/ Leo Simha Lion Fire/ Agni M Fixed/ Sthir Sun

6/ Virgo Kanya Virgin Earth/ Bhumi F Common/ Dwisabhavi Mercury 7/ Libra Tula Balance Air/ Vayu M Movable/ Chara Venus 8/ Scorpio Vrushchika Scorpion Water/ Jal F Fixed/ Sthir Mars 9/ Sagittarius Dhanu Bow Fire/ Agni M Common/ Dwisabhavi Jupiter 10/ Capricorn Makar Alligator & Shark Earth Bhumi F Movable/ Chara Saturn 11/ Aquarius Kumbha Jug Air/ Vayu M Fixed/ Sthir Saturn 12/ Pisces Meena Fishes Water/ Jal F Common/ Dwisabhavi Jupiter

The Signs or Rashis are imaginary divisions of the Zodiac. 360 degrees of a full circle are divided in 12 equal parts, each of 30 degrees, called a Rashi or Sign.

As the Earth is revolving around its own axis and takes 24 hours for that, we see the Signs, Rashis revolving around us.

Ascendant or the Lagna

The Sign, Rashi rising at the Eastern horizon at the time of the birth is the Ascendant or the Lagna. As you must have gathered that at about every 2 hours (Division : 24 hours/12 signs) a new sign is going to rise, and hence the ascendant or the lagna the starting point of the chart is going to change. Same way every 4 minutes the Ascendant or the Lagna degree is going to change.

The subsequent Signs, Rashis are written in the next - next houses in the anti-clockwise direction.

Fully Plotted Birth Chart, Janma-Kundali

Lastly all the precise positions of all the 12 planets at the time of the birth are plotted in the chart. Hence the Birth Chart or the Janma Kundali is the diagrammatic representation of all the planets


at the precise moment of time of the birth.

Easy Example : Suppose the birth was at about 7:00 A.M. i.e. just after the sunrise. That means the Sun will be plotted in the first house (Eastern Horizon). Further imagine that, the day was Full Moon Day i.e. Sun and Moon are 180 degrees from each other. That means the Moon will be in the 7th house.

Now finally lets have a look at the following complete birth chart, Janma Kundali where all the planets and the signs are plotted.

As you can see that at the time of the birth Leo, Sinha Sign, Rashi was arising at the eastern horizon and the birth time must have been near about the sunrise as the Sun is in the first house. A rough idea can be brought out about the time of the birth by looking at the Sun's position in any


I hope you must have got a fair idea about the Birth Chart or the Janma-Kundali layout.

Houses, 'Bhavas', 'Sthanas'

Following is the list of all the 12 Houses, 'Sthanas', 'Bhavas' , their special names and the important things they represent.

House/ Bhav Various Names Things Represented By Each Of The House/ Bhav First House Lagnasthan, Tanusthan This house signifies life, longevity, self, health, nature and appearance of native. Complexion, vitality, sorrows, gains and

profits to younger brothers and his friends. It governs head and face.

Second House Dhana-sthan, Kutumb-sthan

This house indicates inflow of finances, bank position, right eye, family, early age or boyhood, speech, sanyas, servants and friends. Self earned wealth, loss or damage, worldly possessions, jewellery, grandfather and mother. It also denotes family, eyesight,

understanding with family members, inheritance, law suits, throat, right eye, domestic comforts in general.

Third House Parakram-sthanBhatru-sthan,

It denotes younger brothers and sisters and their relations. It signifies courage, intelligence, education up to Higher Secondary level, taste for writing, ornaments, clothes, short journeys. Signing contracts and documents etc. Body parts are arms, right ear, shoulders etc.

Fourth House Matru-sthan,

Sukha-sthan This house signifies mother, property, conveyance, domestic surroundings and happiness. Old age environments, private affairs, public, inheritance, false allegations, agriculture land and its


produce. It represents breasts, chest, lung, stomach, elbow joints etc.

Fifth House Vidya-sthan, Putra-sthan

Children, speculation, intellectual status and luck are gauged from this house. Pleasure, love affairs, lady love, legal or illegal

amusements, kidnap, rape etc. are also checked. Belly, heart, liver, spleen are the body parts covered by this house.

Sixth House Ripu-sthan, Rog-sthan

This house is responsible for enemies, health, service, servants, uncle, aunts and relations on father's side. Food, subordinates, debts, obstacles in life, mental worries, theft and calamity etc. The body parts denoted are kidney, large intestine, uterus and anus. Seventh


Bharya-sthan, Maraka-sthan

Matters regarding wife, husband, partnership, external sex organs, conjugal happiness are checked from 7th house. This house also denotes marriage, married life, love contracts, litigations, divorce, honour and reputation in foreign country. Body parts are private parts, uterus, glands etc.

Eighth House Mrutyu-sthan

Diseases, death finances through unfair means, internal sex organs, longevity, mental pain obstacles, dowry of wife, gain from in laws, mode of death, imprisonment, worries and privations are checked from 8th house, It indicates body parts as scrotum, pelvis, seminal vesicles, external genitalia, etc.

Ninth House Bhagya-sthan

This house indicates religion, foreign travel, publicity, preceptor, higher education, learning, writing books, also faith, wisdom, prosperity, powers of foresight, religious institutions, providential help, etc. Hips, thighs are body parts.

Tenth House Karma-sthan, Pitru-sthan

This important house indicates father, profession, status in life, activities outside house, pleasures, honour, power and authority, Government favour, trade, business, command, honour, occupation, adopted son. All questions regarding worldly activities and moral responsibilities. Body parts are knees, joints, bones, hairs and back. Eleventh

House Labha-sthan

It accounts for accumulated wealth, elder brothers and sisters and relations with them. Friends, fluctuating money gains, club or social activities, emotional attachments, love affairs and friends, honour, social success etc. Body parts are legs, left ear, teeth, ankle etc. Twelfth House Vyaya-sthan

It signifies private enemies, pleasures of beds, law suits, imprisonments, secret works, moksha, hospitalisation, conjugal relations with opposite sex other than legitimate. Sorrows, debts, lost goods etc. are judged. Body parts are feet, left eye, teeth etc. Sun : Ravi

Sun represents Father, Spirituality, Politics, Governance, Greatness. It represents Husband in charts of females, Superiors when employment issues are involved, Governance of Country. Sun rules : controls Heart, Right Eye in males and left eye in Females, Mouth, Throat and Brain. If in bad aspect with Saturn then Blood Pressure related problems occur, Heat related problems, High Fever, Typhoid, Boils etc.

Well placed Sun gives tremendous ambition, Debilitated sun makes a person egoistic and vain, Government employment, On the minimum level employment is guaranteed with security of the same, Inherited Business, The nature of employment or Business is determined in combination with other planets.

If Sun relates to Moon-Venus then Business is related to Red or Orange colour Goods, or will be employed in the travel related business.


If Sun relates to Mars-Mercury then Military Engineer or Government Press. If Sun relates to Saturn then business related to Woollen Items.

Sun also relates to Government Securities, Finance, Gold Bonds, Price and Price Control. Moon : Chandra

Moon represents Mother, Vegetation, Flowers, Constituents of Blood, Water, and is a Cool Planet. In a

Prashna Kundali the moons position indicates the Question or subject in mind. A debilitated Moon relates to Malaria, Moon in

10 th house causes continuous change in Jobs or Business or the persons tendency is such. Persons with moon in 10 th house

regularly re-arrange things or articles in the house. Moon Rules : Stomach, Digestive System, Large & Small Intestine.

Female genital system, Periods, swings in Mental outlook/Moods, Sadness/Joy, dejection, Bladder,

Mars : Mangal

Mars represents : Murder, violence, Riots, Violent Fires, prominently relates to Brother & Earth, Machinery Mars in positive

house : Self Confidence, Daring, unusual Activity, Restlessness A well placed Mars gives good relations with Brothers,

Agricultural & House / property, If Mars is related to the 10 th house then Authority is bestowed and can be misused. Mars

rules : Iron, Steel, Knives, Arms & Ammunition, Political differences, Family disputes. Mars represents : Chicken Pox,

Measles, Cuts, Bleeding, Urinary System, Liver etc. Chemist, Druggist Surgeon. Mars in Signs can relate to Occupation : In

Water Signs = Navy, Earth = Army, Air = Pilots, Mercury : Budha

Mercury relates to : Intelligence, Voice, Salesman,

Insurance Agent, PR, Orators, Mercury is a dual nature planet. It relates to writing, Literature, It represents all

relatives from the Mothers side. Green is its prominent colour. Education matters and maternal Uncle are ruled. No. 5 is

Mercury’s number. Persons under mercury look younger than their real age. Mercury rules the Tongue, Nervous System and

Spinal Cord. If Mercury is the Sub-Lord of the 7 th house and if is not in the Nakshtra whose planet is retrograde then

such persons marry more than once. If the money due to you is received in Mercury Dasha - Bhukti then such dues are got

only in instalments. Mercury is responsible for incidents of Court Cases on more than one occasion. Mercury indicates East

direction. If mercury is well placed then the person finds success when he goes east. And if Mercury is badly placed then

such a person goes to East and gets into difficulties. Jupiter : Guru

Jupiter relates to : Education, Knowledge, Children.

Jupiter is the teacher to the World, A well placed Jupiter gives luck and good fortune to escape from Difficulty or


critical situations. Jupiter looks after Law & Order, relates to Defects in blood and Diabetes. Venus : Shukra

Venus relates to : Marriage, Happiness in Marriage, Arts, Material gains and inclinations, Good mediators, Rules :

Throat,Eyes,all illness due to over eating. Debilitated Venus in Water Sign in the 12 th house gives alcohol addiction creates

doubts in the Character, creates Skin disease. If Sun, Mars & Venus are debilitated the during childbirth is with Surgical

assistance. Conjunction of Venus-Mars relates to Love affair. Debilitated Venus causes Leprosy etc.

Saturn : Shani

Saturn relates to : Delays, Obstruction. In Shani Dasha every thing happens slowly, Dejection. Is Lord of the 8 th house, gives

happiness from Immovable property like Mars but has a second place after Mars. Together if Saturn and Moon are in any house

then it is a very bad aspect. Sat-Mars Conjunction is bad for health. An event is delayed by Saturn but success is not


Rahu (North Node) Ketu (South Node) :

Rahu Ketu Are Shadow Planets & not Real Planets Uranus : Harshal

This is a Real Planet. This was not used in old classical vedic literature. However it is used by the recent vedic astrologers.

This often represents effects like Mercury (to some extent little more pronounced than Mercury) This often gives sudden startling effects, lightening speed.


This is a Real Planet. This was not used in old classical vedic literature. However it is used sometimes by the recent vedic astrologers.


This is a Real Planet. This was not used in old classical vedic literature. This is too recent to know its full effects.

Assessment of Planets

Points to be evaluated


Rashibal - Swagruha, Uccha, Nicha, Mooltrikona, Mitra, Shatru, Swagruha-sanmukha. If Nicha then look for Neechabhanga yoga. Consider '3 generations' for the assessment of the strength of the planet.



Sthanbal - Planets in Kendra (1,4,7,10); Trikonas (5,9) are strong. Planets in 6,8,12 are weak.


Drushtibal - Shubhagraha drushta makes stronger and Papgrah drushta makes weaker.


Accompaniment / Yuti - 'Shubha' (benefic) graha yukta or 'Pap' (malefic) graha yukta.


Particular lagna wise effects - Also judge as per the ascendant (lagna) e.g. Yogakaraka, Benefic, Malefic.


Aspects / Yogas - Good or Bad

Generally Bad - Kendra; Shadashtak; Pratiyog Generally Good - Navapancham; Labha


Nakshatra effects - Planets in Krura nakshatras (Mula, Kruttika, Ashlesha esp.) are undesired.

All the above points to be considered in Navamsha Kundali also.

Information Of Special Gems


Ruby/ Manik (Sun): This is normally red in colour. A hot stone and can be used for the development of soul force, to be used in summer months. It cures peptic ulcer, fever, rheumatism, gout etc. Its constant use may cause' boils, itch and insomnia The use of Ruby should be avoided by ladies as it destroys the body lustre. To be used in gold in third or ring finger of right hand on Sunday. Manik should be of about 3 or 5 grams in weight.


Pearl/ Moti (Moon): This is normally shiny white in colour. Pearl or Moti is used to remove the evil effects of Moon and it strengthens the mind force, increases good sleep and cures insomnia. It also gives good memory, cures uterine disorders, heart and eye troubles, also T.B., constipation, hysteria, pleurisy, etc. Pearl is very useful for ladies as it increases their beauty and facial lustre and will keep them ever young. Controls the rash temperament as it is a cold gem. It increases sexual strength and makes the conjugal life happy. Removes melancholy and increases fortune. Will protect from harm from others, inspires love and faithfulness and overall ensures a happy married life. It should be worn on 4th finger of right hand on Monday with silver. Weight should he 2, 4, 6, 9 grams. Being a cold stone it should be worn during bright nights.


Coral/ Povale/ Praval (Mars): This is normally red in colour. Coral ensures material happiness, recovery from diseases indicated by Mars such as fever, cough, bilious complaints, smallpox, chickenpox, headache, loss of vitality, piles, boils, measles, etc. In Hindi, the gem is called Moonga. It should be worn in silver or copper and he of 9, 11, 12 grams on Tuesday on 1st or 4th finger of right hand. It is a hot stone.


Emerald/ Pachu (Mercury): This is normally petal green or dark green in colour. Emerald or Panna is a hot gem. It increases intelligence and brain power, removes and cures fickle-mindedness, loss of memory, stammering, fear from souls and spirits, cools the harsh speech but reduces passions and sexual desires. Newly married couples should not use it as it impairs conjugal happiness due to reduction in sexual desires. It is also useful for curing diarrhoea, dysentery, gastritis, peptic ulcer, asthma, insomnia, heart troubles, etc. It should be used in gold of 3, 5, 7 or 10 grams on 4th finger of right hand on Wednesday.


Topaz/Pushkaraj (Jupiter): This is normally faint yellow in colour. Topaz or Pushkaraj is a cold gem. It increases the power of penetrating vision, increases wealth, unlimited prosperity, life security, protects ones from poverty, removes adversity, misfortune and melancholy. Topaz cures diarrhoea, gastritis, ulcer, rheumatism, jaundice, insomnia, heart troubles, impotency, gout, arthritis, pain in knee joints, etc. Topaz should be worn in gold, on 1st finger of right hand on Thursday. The weight should be of 7 or 13 grams.


Diamond/ Heera (Venus): Diamond or Heera is a hot gem. It creates goodness and removes evil and fearful thoughts in native. It improves financial conditions and blesses


the native with comforts and peace of mind. Also cures diabetes, diseases of urine, of private parts, syphilis, skin and uterine diseases. It should he worn on 1st finger of right hand on Friday in gold or platinum. The weight should be 1/4 or 1/2 gram.


Blue Sapphire/ Neelmani (Saturn): This is normally faint or dark blue in colour.

Sapphire or Neelmani is a very cold gem. They are yellow or blue in colour. Removes evil effects of Saturn. It should be tested before use. It brings wealth, name and fame. Also gives good stamina, longevity and security in life. Can improve fertility in a barren woman. Best suited for joy, love and happiness. It cures fainting, fits, virility, mental disorder, deafness and baldness. It should be used on 2nd finger of right hand in gold or panch dhatu on Saturday and the weight is 5 or 7 grams.


Hassonite/ Gomed (Rahu): This is normally reddish-chocolate in colour. Hassonite is the English name for Gomed which is cold in nature. It cures diseases caused by Rahu and Saturn. It also increases appetite, vitality, confers good health, wealth and happiness and all round prosperity. It should be used in silver on Saturday on 2nd finger of right hand. The weight should be 6, 11, 13 grams.


Cat's Eye/ Vaidurya/ Lasanya (Ketu): This is normally milky in colour. Cat's Eye or Lasanya is too hot in nature. Useful for eradicating evil influences of Ketu and diseases caused by Mars. Prevents unexpected mishaps of life, cures mania, paralysis etc. Saves from accidents and secret enemies. For businessmen, it is a miraculous result-giver stone. Bestows wealth by secret means like horse racing, gambling, stock and exchange market and speculations. It should he worn in gold on 2nd finger or 3rd finger of right hand. The weight should be 3, 5 or 7 grams.

(K.P.) Krishnamurti Paddhati (KP System) :

This is an excellent system (Paddhati) of astrological predictions conceived, created by The Great Indian Astrology King, late Prof. K.S. Krishnamurti.

As you must have experienced that pin-pointing of the timing of the events is rather difficult (? impossible) when one uses Vedic or any other system.

At the same time in cases of Twin Births the charts of then two persons will remain almost same in Vedic system. However there is always a lot of difference in them.

If you want a precise 'YES' or 'NO' answer astrologically then it is also difficult in conventional astrology.

In conventional horary astrology if two or more people approach to you at the same time then it again becomes very difficult to give accurate predictions as their charts will remain the same. To overcome the above and similar short-comings of the conventional vedic system, KP comes as saviour.

Major Differences From Vedic :

KP system gives importance to the Constellations / Stars / Nakshatras divisions of the Zodiac which is obviously the most desired for precision.

Further it divides each Constellation / Star / Nakshatra division into further 9 subdivisions called 'SUBS'. These sub divisions are not equal divisions, but are as per the Vimshottari Dashas Divisions System.

K.P. System uses K.P. Ayanamshas as opposed to Lahiri Ayanamshas mostly used in Vedic System. The difference between two is about 6 minutes (Kala).


This system uses Cusps that is house/ bhav beginnings like Western Systems, as opposed to Vedic System which uses House Centres i.e. Bhav Madhyas.

This system uses Placidus House system.

The planet in it's dasha gives results as per it's Nakshtra-Swami (Star-Lord) rather than the planet itself.

Whether the above results will be benefic or malefic will be decided by the Planet's SUB.

Hence Planet is represents the SOURCE, that Planet's Star-Lord represents the

EFFECTS, RESULTS and that Planet's Sub gives idea of the FINAL DIRECTION of that result.

RULING PLANETS : Unique Concept of KP for Powerful Divine Guidance during predictions





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