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Benefits and Allowances.pptx


Academic year: 2020

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Mahtab Siddiqui ST3

Benefits and Allowances


Employment and support Allowance

( ESA)

 Replaces incapacity benefit.  If you’re ill or disabled,

Financial support if you’re unable to work

 Personalised help so that you can work if you’re able to.


Under state pension age

 Not receiving statutory sick pay or maternity pay  Not getting JSA ( job seekers allowance )

Two types of ESA


Jobseeker’s allowance ( JSA )

 Be >18yrs and < state pension age  Be available to work

 Not be in full-time education

 Be in england/scotland and wales  Be actively seeking work

 Work on average <16hrs per week.  Your partner( if you have one) works

<24hrs per week on average.


Income support

 You and your partner have no income or

a low income

 You’re working less than 16hrs/week

 You haven’t signed on as unemployed

 You can claim child tax credit if you


Disability Living Allowance (DLA) -


 Personal independence payment( PIP) is

replacing DLA for people aged 16 to 64.

 To help with extra costs caused by long

term illness

 Rate depends how the condition affects

you/ than the illness itself

 You could get between £21.80 –


Disability Living Allowance (DLA) -


 To help with extra costs of looking after a

child who

 Is under <16yrs age

 Has difficulties walking or needs more

looking after than a normal child of same age.

 You could get between £21.80 – £139.75


Carer’s Allowance

 It is £62.50 a week to help you look after

someone with substantial caring needs.

 You don’t have to be related or live with

person you care for.

 You must be >16 and spend atleast

35hrs per week caring for them.


Attendance Allowance

 You could get £55.10-£82.30 a week to

help with personal care because you’re physically or mentally disabled.

 And your are aged 65yrs or over.

 Other benefits can increase your


Child benefit

 You get child benefit if you’re

responsible for a child under 16 ( or under 20 if they stay in approved

education or training)

 Only one person can get benefit for a


 You may have to pay a tax charge if


Child Tax Credit

 You can get CTC for each child you’re

responsible for if they are <16 or <20 in an approved education or training.

 You don’t need to be working to claim

child tax credit.

 This wont affect you child benefit.

 Only one household can get CTC for a


Child Care Grant

 Full-time higher education students with

children are eligible for

 Upto £150.23/week for 1 child

 Upto £257.55/week for 2 or more children

 This helps with childcare costs for children

under 15 or under 17 with special needs.

 You must be eligible for students finance to

apply for childcare grant.

 This sum is increasing in 2015-2016.( 155.24 &


Parent’s Learning Allowance

 Full-time students with children could get

upto £1523 a year to help with their learning costs.

 This money can help pay for books/study

materials and travel.

 Depends on your household income

 Doesn’t have to be paid back


Guardian’s Allowance

 If your are bringing up a child whose

parents have died

 You get this on top of child benefit


Bereavement Allowance( widow’s


 If you are widowed between 45yrs and

state pension age.

 Upto 52 weeks from the date of death of

your husband/wife or civil partner died.

 Variable sum for different ages.

 Ranges from £33.77 for 45yrs old to


Bereavement Payment

 If your husband, partner or civil partner

has died, you may get one off tax free lump-sum payment of £2000.

 You have to be under state pension age

 Your husband,wife or partner wasn’t

entitled to category A retirement pension when they died.

 They paid NI contribution/ or died as a


Widowed Parents Allowance

 If you’re widowed under state pension

age and have at least one dependent child

 You may also claim if you are pregnant

if your husband has died

 Or you’re pregnant after fertility

treatment and your civil partner has died.


Statutory Maternity Pay

 You are eligible when you time off to

have a baby

 Paid for upto 39 weeks.

 You’ll get 90% of your average weekly

earning (before tax) for first 6 weeks

 £139.58 or 90% of your average weekly

earning ( whichever is lower) for next 33 weeks.


Statutory Maternity Pay

 It starts when you take maternity leave or

you’re off work for pregnancy related illness 4 weeks before the week that your baby is due.

 Earn on average at least £112 a week

 Give correct notice

 Give proof you’re pregnant

 Have worked for your employer continuously


Housing Benefit

 To help you pay rent if you’re on low


 Pay all or part of your rent

 Your savings is below <£16k

 If you live with partner, only one person

can get housing benefit in one household.


Housing Benefit

 You may get Cold weather

payments( £25 for each 7 day period of very cold weather between 1st nov and

31st march)

 You may get winter fuel payments tax

free if you are born before 5th july 1952. (


Other Benefits & Allowances

 Severe disablement allowance

 Independent living fund

 Disabled students allowances, including

speech difficulties/dyslexia, mental health condition or LTC.

 Maternity Allowance- if you don’t qualify





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