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Identifying Inconsistencies and Reporting Deficits in Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork (TMB) Case Reports Authored by TMB Practitioners: a TMB-Adapted CAse REport (CARE) Guidelines Audit Through 2014†

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TMB CARE Review Form 1

Record ID __________________________________

PRE-MANUSCRIPT

1. Case Report Identification __________________________________ (Year Last Name of First Author)

2. Reviewer Id EF

SM NM KB Other

Reviewer ID - Other __________________________________

3. What is the report code for the article? __________________________________

(1 = Clear TMB & Paper 1, 2 = Round 2 Adverse Event, 3 = others TBD)

4. Title - Does the title contain the phrase "case No report", "case study", "case series"? Yes

Not Sure

The title indicated the case is a case study case report case series

5. Title - Does the title contain the intervention? No Yes Not Sure

Title indicates the intervention as __________________________________

6. Title - Does the title contain the condition of No

interest? Yes

Not Sure

Title indicates the condition as __________________________________

(2)

8. Abstract - Which of the following elements appear New knowledge offered by case report

in the abstract? Client descriptors - demographics

Client descriptors - medical history/diagnosis Client descriptors - findings from practitioner assessment

Measures

Treatment - approach: techniques used Treatment - application: number of sessions Treatment - application: length of sessions (e.g., 30-minutes)

Treatment - application: frequency of sessions (e.g., 2/wk)

Treatment - application: duration of sessions (e.g., 2 weeks)

Practitioner descriptors - scope of practice Practitioner descriptors - experience level Results

"Take-away" lesson Overstatements None

N/A - No Abstract

INTRODUCTION

9. Manuscript Heading: Introduction No clear manuscript heading identified Introduction

Indicate which of the following describes the Other: Manuscript Heading for this aspect of the case

report.

Manuscript Heading: Introduction - Other __________________________________

(What manuscript heading was used for this section of the paper?)

10. Indicate which of the following elements were Literature synthesis/review: condition of focus included in the paper's introduction? Literature synthesis/review:

technique/intervention and/or approach Type of case report

Objective of the case report/treatment Contribution to the literature

None

N/A - No Introduction Section

11. Introduction - Indicate which type of case prospective report/study is presented in the paper. retrospective

12. Does the Introduction conclude with a clear and No "smooth" transition to the "Methods" or "Case Yes Presentation" (next) section of the paper? Unclear

(3)

13. Indicate which items from other content areas None

were incorrectly reported in the Introduction Case presentation material: assessment measures section of this case report. Case presentation material: client/patient

descriptors

Case presentation material: therapist descriptors Case presentation material: intervention

description

Results: baseline measures Results: outcome measures Results: other

Discussion: results interpretation Discussion: other

Other:

Other: Content incorrectly reported in the __________________________________ Introduction section of the paper.

CASE PRESENTATION (METHODS)

14. Manuscript Heading: Case Presentation No clear manuscript heading identified Indicate which of the following describes the Methods

Manuscript Heading for this aspect of the case Case Presentation

report. Other:

Manuscript Heading: Case Presentation - Other __________________________________

15. Informed Consent: Check the box if the case Not reported/mentioned/discussed in case report report included the following informed consent Consent to treat within scope of practice

details. Consent to participate in case report/study within

scope of practice

Consent to publish the case report

Consent to participate in formal case report/study in relation to a formal IRB

Mentioned generally without specifics

Client Information

Manuscript Subheading: Client or Patient Information No Yes 16. Was a Client/Patient Information subheading (or Other: other related) used in the case report to delineate

this aspect of the paper?

(4)

17. Client or Patient Information: Check the box if Demographics: Age the case report included the following details about Demographics: Gender

the client/patient: Demographics: Race

Demographics: Occupation/Activity Condition: Chief complaints/symptoms Condition: History - medical, family &

psychosocial (includes past interventions and outcomes, lifestyle, and relevant comorbidities) Condition/Timeline: Timeline of important dates and times associated with the case

Condition/Diagnosis: Describes how diagnosis was verified

Clinical Findings/Assessment: Describes relevant findings from treating practitioner's physical assessment

None N/A

Demographics: Age __________________________________

Demographics: Gender Female

Male

Demographics: Race White

Black Asian

Native American Hispanic

Other

Client Race - Other __________________________________

Demographics: Occupation/Activity __________________________________

Condition: Chief complaints/symptoms of address __________________________________

Timeline: Indicate how the timeline was conveyed in Text Only

the article. Text and ...

Table Figure

Diagnosis: Indicate how the diagnosis was verified. __________________________________

18. Client Information Notes: Specifically to report __________________________________ client details for case series.

Measures

19. Was a Measures subheading (or other related) used No in the case report to delineate this aspect of the Yes

paper? Other:

(5)

20. Assessment Measures: Check the box if the case None

report included the following details regarding the Description of what was measured - singular assessment measures. Description of what was measured - multiple

Description of how outcome was measured - singular (assessment)

Description of how outcomes were measured -multiple (assessments)

Standard assessment measures used Contrived assessment measures used Measurement psychometrics presented N/A

21. What was/were the primary outcome(s) of interest __________________________________ in the case?

22. What was/were the other outcome(s) of interest in __________________________________ the case?

Indicate the standardized measures (or method of __________________________________ measurement) used in the case. (ex) SF-36, VAS, dynomometer, etc)

Indicate the contrived measures (or method of __________________________________

measurement) used in the case. (ex) pen test (how long a pen is held between top lip and nose))

Indicate which psychometric properties were included Usage

in the measurement descriptions. Level of Measurement

Reliability: Test-Retest Reliability Reliability: Internal Consistency Reliability: Intra-rater

Reliability: Inter-rater Validity

Responsiveness: Internal Responsiveness: External General Reliability Statement General Validity Statement

23. Were pertinent details needed to replicate No measurement collection procedures included in the Yes

case report? Unsure

N/A

Practitioner Descriptors

24. Was a Practitioner Descriptors subheading (or No other related) used in the case report to delineate Yes

this aspect of the paper? Other

Practitioner Descriptors: Other __________________________________

25. Practitioner Descriptors: Check the box if the Scope of practice case report included the following practitioner Practice setting

descriptors. Experience level

(6)

Practitioner Descriptor: Experience level __________________________________

Practitioner Descriptor: Training __________________________________

Practitioner Descriptor: Credentialing __________________________________

Intervention

Manuscript Subheading: Therapeutic Intervention No Yes 26. Was a Therapeutic Intervention subheading (or Other other related) used in the case report to delineate

this aspect of the paper?

Manuscript Subheading: Therapeutic Intervention - __________________________________ Other

27. Therapeutic Intervention: Check the box if the Intervention Descriptor: Conceptual approach case report included the following intervention Intervention Descriptor: Techniques

details. Administration: Total number of treatments

Administration: Length of treatments (e.g., 30 minutes, 60 minutes, etc.)

Administration: Frequency of treatments (e.g., weekly, twice per week, etc.)

Administration: Course of treatment duration (e.g., 3 weeks, 2 months, etc.)

Administration: Rational for treatment plan administration

Intervention Descriptor: Details regarding "geographic" areas addressed

Intervention Descriptor: Details regarding time spent in different areas

Intervention Descriptor: Details regarding time spent applying different techniques

Intervention Descriptor: Details regarding pressure application

Administration: Changes made to the intervention Administration: Rational for changes made to the intervention

Intervention Descriptor: Recommendations or referrals to other providers

Intervention Descriptor: Self-care

recommendations/Take-home work given None

N/A

Therapeutic Intervention: Conceptual Approach __________________________________

(ex) Barnes Method, Traditional Chinese Medicine)

Therapeutic Intervention: Techniques Used __________________________________ (ex) trigger point therapy, compression)

Therapeutic Intervention: Total Number of Treatments __________________________________

Therapeutic Intervention: Length of Treatments __________________________________ (how long treatments lasted)

Therapeutic Intervention: Frequency of Treatments __________________________________

(how often treatments occured (e.g., 2/week))

Therapeutic Intervention: Course of Treatment __________________________________

(7)

28. Intervention Descriptors Reporting: Check the Text only boxes that indicate ways in which treatment details Text and ... of body regions, timing, pacing, pressure, etc. were Table

reported. Figure

No such descriptors included

29. Based on the details reported in the case report, No could the intervention applied be reasonibly Yes

replicated? Unsure

N/A - no details reported

Recommendations/Referrals: Indicate which __________________________________ recommendations and/or referral to other providers

were reported in the case report.

Selfcare Recommendations/"Homework": Indicate which __________________________________ selfcare recommendations and/or "homework" from the

practitioner were reported in the case report for the client/patient.

30. Which items from other content areas were None

incorrectly reported in the Case Presentation Introduction material (e.g., premise, context,

section of this case report? etc.)

Results: Baseline measures Results: Outcome measures Results: other

Discussion: results interpretation Discussion: other

Manuscript Heading: Results No clear manuscript heading identified N/A - No corresponding section included 31. Indicate which of the following describes the Results

Manuscript Heading for this aspect of the case Other: report.

Manuscript Heading: Other __________________________________

32. Results: Check the box if the following elements Baseline for primary outcome measure(s) were included in the results: Baseline for other outcome measure(s)

Baseline for all introduced outcome measures Baseline for measures NOT introduced Outcomes for primary outcome measure(s) Outcomes for all introduced outcome measures Outcomes for measures NOT introduced

Measures reported in the same order as previously introduced

Results presented in table(s) Results presented in figure(s)

Describe how the patient adhered to and tolerated the treatment plan/intervention

Describe how patient adhered to referrals from TMB practitioner

(8)

What related adverse event(s) was reported? __________________________________

33. Which items from other content areas were None

incorrectly reported in the results section of this Introduction material (e.g., premise, context,

case report? etc.)

Case presentation material: assessment measures Case presentation material: client/patient

descriptors

Case presentation material: therapist descriptors Case presentation material: intervention

description

Discussion: results interpretation Discussion: other

Incorrect Reporting: Discussion - other: __________________________________

34. Which of the following best describes the Reported benefits from TMB treatment "nature" of the outcomes reported from the case Reported mixed (some positive, some

report? negative)benefit from TMB treatment

Reported no change from TMB treatment Reported negative results from TMB treatment Reported harm from TMB treatment

Unclear N/A

What harm was reported? __________________________________

DISCUSSION

Manuscript Heading: Discussion No clear manuscript heading identified N/A - No corresponding section included 35. Indicate which of the following describes the Discussion

Manuscript Heading for this aspect of the case Other: report.

Manuscript Heading: Discussion - other __________________________________

36. Discussion: Check the box if the following Clear acknowledgment of inherent limitations for elements were included in the discussion section of case reports

the case report: Reported the strengths of the intervention provided Reported the limitations of the intervention

provided

Compare and integrate case findings with the relevant health care literature

Patient Perspective: included comments that the client/patient shared regarding their experience with the intervention)

Suggest a rationale for why the outcomes observed occurred

Provide 'take-away" lessons related to the case report

Discuss case implications for TMB practice Discuss case implications for TMB education Discuss case implications for TMB research Overstatements: Results

(9)

OTHER COLLECTED CASE REPORT FEATURES

37. What kind of paper? Case Report

Case Study Case Series

How many cases are in the case series? __________________________________

Intervention Applicant Unclear

TMB practitioner (massage therapist)

38. Who applied the intervention highlighted in the TMB practitioner (massage therapist) - student

case report? Other related practitioner (PT, OT, nurse, etc.)

Other related practitioner (PT, OT, nurse, etc.) - student

Non-related practitioner (MD, cosmotologist, social worker)

Other:

Which related practitioner provided the treatment? __________________________________ (OT, PT, Chiro)

Intervention Application: Other __________________________________

Publication Year __________________________________

39. In which year was the case report/study published?

Case Report Author: Number Single Author

Multiple Authors 40. Which best describes the authorship of the case

report/study?

Number of authors on the case report. __________________________________

Case Report Author: Solo Unclear

Treatment provider Which descriptors are applicable to the one author of TMB practitioner

the publication? Other related practitioner (PT, OT, nurse, etc.) Non-related (MD, cosmetologist, social worker) Non practitioner (e.g., parent, family member) Academically Affiliated - non-PhD

Academically Affiliated - PhD Non-Academic PhD

Other:

Solo Authors: Descriptors - Other __________________________________

Case Report Author: Multiple Unclear

Treatment provider Which descriptors are applicable to the one author of TMB practitioner

(10)

Journal/Publication Name IJTMB

Movement & Bodywork Therapies 41. What is the name of the journal in which the case Other

report/study is published?

What is the name of the journal in which the case __________________________________ report/study is published?

Journal/Publication Accessibility Yes

No 42. Is the journal in which the case report/study is

published open access?

Journal/Publication: CAM Scope Yes

No 43. Is the journal in which the case report/study is

published clearly CAM related?

Journal/Publication: Audience CAM Practitioners TMB Practitioners 44. Which checkboxe(s) indicate the main audience of Physical Therapists the journal in which the case report is published? Nurses

Medical Doctors Primary Care Providers Rehabilitation

Sports Medicine/Athletic Training Occupational Therapists

Community Populations Other:

Journal/Publication: Audience - Other __________________________________

45. General Reviewer Comments/Notes

References

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