timates deﬁnitely exceed the level predicted by the attenu- ation relation (Eq. (3)) (Figs. 6, 7). This observation does not agree with a simple slow propagation of (southward) de- formation model and suggests that a separate SQ occurred, probably triggered by the large 2001–2002 SQ. Occupa- tion GPS data and the incomplete time series in HUAT per- manent GPS station are not sufﬁcient to make any feasi- ble inference of the arrival time and duration of this SSE. Nonetheless, the modeled anomalous displacements seem to be reliable when examined in Fig. 6. The secondary SQ (if it is not a modeling artifact) originated in the transition zone between the sub-horizontal subduction plate interface in Guerrero-Oaxaca and the normal steep subduction inter- face geometry in Chiapas, and was possibly related with this transition zone.
Based on data collected by the NEISS, an estimated 32 750 individuals with ice hockey–related injuries were treated in US EDs in 2001–2002, including ⬎ 18 000 youths who were ⬍ 18 years old. The distri- bution of these patients by age group, gender, and race is shown in Table 1 and by age and gender in Fig 1. Injuries peaked during adolescence (n ⫽ 15 482 for ages 12–17 years compared with n ⫽ 3327 for ages 6 –11 years down to n ⫽ 923 for ages ⱖ 45 years). Male individuals experienced 90% of injuries overall. Among those with recorded race, white players sus- tained 97% of injuries. For youths ⬍ 18 years old, only 1.2% were hospitalized after the injury (n ⫽ 225); only 0.5% of individuals ⱖ 18 years old were hospitalized after injury (n ⫽ 63).
As a main program of the SEAL deep exploration in aus- tral summer in 2001-2002 by JARE-43, wide-angle ref- lection and refraction survey was carried out along the seismic profile on the Mizuho Plateau.  proposed velocity variations and three prominent seismic velocity boundaries along the profile. The P-wave velocities of the upper crust was identified to have lateral variations of 5.9 km/s in the north, 6.0 km/s around the point C (H176), and 6.1 - 6.2 km/s in the center and south of the profile. The first boundary was determined by reflection phases at 19 km in depth between the upper and the mid- dle crust. The second boundary was recognized by re- flected waves from the lower crust at 30 km in depths. The third boundary was determined by prominent reflec- tion phases from the Moho at 40 km in depths. However, the inclination of the Moho boundaries are not identified without any significant seismic phase information, be- cause they cannot detect the refracted waves from the Moho (Pn waves) by the experiment caused by the short length less than 200 km over the whole profile. Shallow part of the crust velocity model by  corresponds to the gravity-based model from this study. Lateral varia- tions in P-wave velocities in the upper crust can be ex- plained by assuming the low-density material in the topmost crust. For further study, we might investigate the validity of this boundary’s variation by means of a com- parison with the other available geophysical data such as geomagnetic anomalies, satellite gravity, together with detail reflection imaging.
In 2001, the state-owned Grain Marketing Board opened additional depots in various districts, thereby cutting down on transport costs incurred by the producers in delivering as well as buying grain as well as accessing agricultural inputs. To improve the distribution of reduced quantities of grain to the nation, the Government re-introduced the GMB monopoly on maize and wheat marketing through the gazetting of Statutory instrument 235 A of 2001. Shortages of maize grain started to emerge towards the end of the marketing year due to reduced size of the maize crop from the 2000/2001 growing season. The Ministry of Lands, Agriculture and Rural Resettlement embarked on a maize import programme to improve the domestic supply of grain. The grain requirements were also revised upwards following another drought year in the 2001/2002 growing season. The agricultural sector suffered many difficulties in 2002. The cereal production was down 57% and maize output was down 67%. This resulted in a maize gap of approximately 1.6 million tonnes. This was largely filled by humanitarian assistance from the international community. More information about the humanitarian assistance can be found in section 4.3.4.
❒ The core of the Report, Chapter 3, describes the environmental lending of the EIB in 2001- 2002. Approximately one-third of Bank financing is allocated to projects that are driven by environmental considerations. Many at the same time also con- tribute to other EIB policy objec- tives such as regional develop- ment and the promotion of infor- mation and communication technology. Most environmental lending by the Bank is in the fields of water, wastewater, solid waste and air pollution control, urban renewal and urban trans- port, industrial improvements, and energy efficiency and renew- able energy projects.
After the capital ows reversal, that followed the Russian default of August 1998, Argentina decided to follow a contractionary scal policy and mantained its rigid xed exchange rate regime (the "Convertibility"). The important nancial restriction suered by the public sector and the idea that a tight scal policy could restore condence and foster economic activity, motivated the adoption of this type of scal behaviour. The adverse balance sheet eects associated to a devaluation in a dollarized economy, promoted the maintainance of the Convertibility. Argentina suered a long lasting recession that nally conducted to a deep crisis in 2001-2002, when Argentina abandoned the peg and defaulted in its public debt.
Following Forbes and Rigobon (2002, p. 2224), in this paper contagion is de ﬁ ned as “a signi ﬁ cant increase in cross-market linkages after a shock to one country (or group of countries). According to this de ﬁ nition, if two markets show a high degree of co-movement during periods of stability, even if the markets continue to be highly correlated after a shock to one market, this may not constitute contagion. According to this paper’s de ﬁ nition, it is only contagion if cross-market co-movement increases signiﬁcantly after the shock”. This de ﬁ nition presents two advantages. First, it provides a straightforward test to measure contagion, by measuring the cross-market correlations before and after a shock. Second, tests based on this deﬁnition can provide evidence in favour of or against each of the two groups of theories discussed above.
Advance notification with reference to dual-use items is not mentioned in the legislation, but the system is applied nevertheless, since it is very useful for the companies to have an idea of their prospects of doing business with a “risk coun- try” before the tendering procedure begins. Advance notification is given by the Inspectorate and 25 such notifications were given during 2001 which represents more than a doubling compared with the previous year.
5 What little research there has been reveals five factors concerning policy and practice in citizenship education in England over the past 30 years. These five factors provide important contextual background which needs to be taken into account when reviewing the findings from the first cross-sectional survey. Each contextual factor is considered in turn in what follows. The first factor revealed is the existence of a number of competing definitions of citizenship in England which offer different models and approaches to citizenship education in schools depending on the concept of citizenship that is espoused. These competing definitions have accrued over time. Rowe (1997) identifies eight models of citizenship education in existence in democratic societies such as Britain. These models are: the constitutional knowledge, the patriotic, the parental, the religious, the value conflict or pluralist, the empathetic, the school ethos and the community action models. Meanwhile, Scott and Lawson (2001) define these competing models as those relating to knowledge (Usher, 1996), action (Habermas, 1994), community (Etzioni, 1995), rights and responsibilities (Giddens, 1994), public and private morality (Beck, 1998), inclusivity (Lynch, 1992; Arnot, 1997; Lister, 1997) and locality (Wringe, 1999; Cogan and Derricott, 2000).
As a result of the political changes, Asia in particular has become a popular region for orchid lovers in recent years. Vietnam and China are the home of many rare or as yet unknown plant species. In May 2001 a well-known importer of orchids approached the customs officials at a German airport to obtain customs clearance for a consignment of orchids that he had brought from Taiwan himself. There were two cartons of orchids, for which he was apparently able to present the necessary permits. The customs office had however received Information from the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation and the Customs Criminal Investigation Department that this importer’s consignments should only be cleared after checking by an independent expert. This precaution proved to be correct and effective. The expert found that of the total of 671 plants, only 21 agreed with the permits presented. The other plants included 57 specimens removed from the wild that were subject to maximum protection (Annex A), and 141 plants also removed from the wild which were listed in Annex B to Regulation (EC) No. 338/97. In late October 2001 a young man appeared at another customs office to collect his father’s suitcases which had been sent on after him. The father had returned from Vietnam a short time before. Since the father was known to the customs officials as an orchid dealer and breeder, the person collecting the suitcases was, to his own astonishment, asked to open them. A total of 104 orchids were found in the suitcases, including 78 lady’s slipper orchids of the Genus Paphiopedilum. No documents were submitted for these plants.
Fin 2002 toutefois, l’Autorité routière, crée en juillet 2001 en tant qu’établissement autonome et dont les ressources seront générées par le recouvrement total ou partiel du coût d’usage des infrastructures, a définitivement mis fin à l’entretien en régie administrative, les travaux étant, depuis juin 2002, à 40% exécutés à l’entreprise (l’objectif de 100% sera atteint en 2004). En attendant la création de l’Ageroute, dont les études sont en cours, la maîtrise d’œuvre est assurée par l’AGETIER, comme agence d’exécution. Il est par ailleurs prévu que, à l’horizon de 2010, l’Autorité routière, qui bénéficie actuellement d’une subvention budgétaire d’environ 5Mia de F. CFA pour l’entretien du réseau prioritaire de +/- 9.000 Km, soit entièrement financé par les ressources propres (RUR).
The health situation continues to be worrying and, with the exception of Luanda and some provincial capitals, there is a lack of health care and its provision at times depends on the support of NGOs, which count on external financing. The deficient cover and quality of health care is the result of a combination of factors, such as the unstable institutional environment, the shortage of human resources, inadequate management systems, deficient co-ordination within the sector (between central and provincial/municipal levels), with other sectors and with donors, with the private sector and with other non-State actors. The effects of the war, continuing food insecurity, low levels of education, insufficient access to water and sanitation of the environment and the inadequate provision of health care give rise to a high-risk situation reflected in unacceptable levels - even in an African context - of high mortality among children under five, maternal mortality, poor and chronic nutrition and endemic diseases such as malaria and tuberculosis, quite apart from epidemic outbreaks of measles and meningitis. There is a growing incidence of sleeping sickness. The rate of HIV/AIDS infection in Luanda, which was 3.4% in 1999, was estimated in 2001 at 8.6% in the adult population (15-48 years). Were this trend to continue, the scenario in the next few years would be alarming, with an impact on the demographic structure of the population and on the chief indicators of human development. The main factors in the dissemination of HIV in Angola are directly related to the aftermath of the war, the expansion of poverty, poor information and the limitation of resources and socio-cultural and geographical determinants. One of the most important socio-economic determinants - resulting from the free movement of persons and goods in the post-war period - is the mobility of populations within the country (internal displaced persons) and relations with neighbouring countries (especially the return of the population which sought refuge in neighbouring countries with high incidence of HIV). From the current review of the national strategic plan, an endeavour will be made to exploit existing opportunities in order to propose a more effective multi- sectoral response.
The rise in the proportion of bank loan portfolios classified irregular may be interpreted as the delayed effect of relatively strong lending growth in the years 1998–1999. In assessing customer repayment capacity, the banks do not seem to have given sufficient consideration to the possibility of a substantial slackening of economic activity that would reduce their borrowers’ ability to service their debt. Neither did these customers take into account a major downturn. However, the rapid economic growth recorded in the years 1999–2000 was unsustainable in the longer term due to the mounting macroeconomic imbalance, which included the escalating current account deficit. The tendency for the deficit to increase was arrested in 2000. Any further rise in external disequilibrium could have provoked a violent adjustment response, or even a currency crisis. The example of those countries that have been through this experience demonstrates that, had this scenario come to pass, the negative consequences for both the banking sector and the real economy would have been much more acute than those in fact observed in 2001–2002.
For several years there has been close co-operation between the Foundation and CEDEFOP, particularly in the context of work with the candidate countries. The Foundation aligns its activities in these countries with the requirements of the overall accession process, which includes assisting the countries in their preparations for participation in Community Agencies such as CEDEFOP. During 2001, Foundation and CEDEFOP Governing Boards agreed both a framework for the co-operation between the two organisations during the enlargement process (GB01-015) and a list of joint activities (GB01-029 – REV) for the year 2002. Several joint meetings between the two agencies took place throughout 2001.
The bond portfolio, seen as a long-term investment portfolio, is made up of euro-denominated securities acquired with the intention of keeping them until maturity. At 31 December 2001, fixed-interest securities with a residual period to maturity of between three months and one year totalled EUR 108.3 million; other fixed-rate securities with a residual period to maturity of between 1 and 10 years amounted to EUR 775.7 million, while variable-rate securities stood at EUR 360.1 million.
13. At the end of the financial year, dormant commitments had been cancelled to the tune of 58 million euro. These cancel- lations regarded rehabilitation aid and social measures (23,2 mil- lion and 15,5 million euro respectively), interest rebates (10,3 mil- lion euro) and research (9,1 million euro). It should be noted that, in 2001, the Commission cancelled amounts that it should have cancelled during previous financial years. In view of the liquida- tion of the ECSC on 23 July 2002, the Court suggests that the Commission should carry out a special examination of all the commitments that are still open and cancel those that it can assume will not to be used in the future.
S: Accessibility to information is included in the government bill “From patient to citizen - a national action plan for disability policy”. The bill emphasises that the state should set an example and that public authorities should ensure that their operations, information, and premises are accessible to people with disabilities. A government ordinance concerning state government authorities and their responsibility for implementing the disability policy has recently been issued. According to the ordinance, which comes into force on September 1st, 2001, authorities have to take into account to make their buildings, information, and other activities accessible to people with disabilities. In the work with accessibility issues, the authorities have to draw up action plans. The point of departure should be the United Nations Standard Rules.
The year 2001 has been characterised by a substantial acceleration of the implementation of existing programmes in this area, particularly in countries that suffered implementation delays at an earlier stage of the programming cycle. New contracts amounting to a total of € 414 million have been concluded in the transport and infrastructure sectors. A handful of countries (Benin, Ethiopia, Guinea Conakry and Mali) share, between them, roughly 50 % of this allocation. Mali ranks first in this group with € 73 million in new secondary commitments, followed by Benin (€ 56 million), Guinea Conakry ( € 44 million) and Ethiopia (€ 41 million). In Mali, new contracts cover the upgrading of 437 km of the main road link to Senegal. This project also opens up access to one of the poorest regions of the country. In Benin, new contracts cover the periodic maintenance over two years of 490 km of principal roads (roughly 25% of the country priority network) and the upgrading of 102 km in the north of the country. In Guinea Conakry, activities covered by the 2001 contracts focus on the upgrading and improvement of the interregional connection with Senegal, where the nearest harbour is located, facilitating better international integration of the country in the medium term. In Ethiopia, the upgrading of the 514 km Addis Ababa – Woldiya road, crossing a region with a population exceeding 2 million, is a major component of the government’s Road Sector Development Programme and will substantially improve road access between the capital city and the north of the country. At regional level, the close of 2001 also saw the signature of contracts for two major road links for a cumulative value of € 165 million. One of these links will allow better international integration of Chad via Cameroon (400 km link Moundou –Touboro-N’Gaoundéré) and thereby substantially contribute to the economic integration of the Central Africa region. The other contract covers the 130 km link between Kankan (Guinea Conakry) and Bamako (Mali). Due to its current condition this road limits the development opportunities of the north west of Guinea Conakry and the South West of Mali. These regions, with an estimated population of one million, are currently cut off from the rest of the country for several months a year.