20th Century Poetry and Poetics

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ENG 581 20th Century American Poetry

ENG 581 20th Century American Poetry

This seminar will examine the efflorescence of African American cultural production of the late 1960s and early 1970s. By reading literature and criticism of the so-called "Black Arts era" seminar participants will begin to understand the powerful and diverse critique of mainstream American politics and aesthetics that black artists produced during the Civil Rights/Black Power period. We will chart the emergence of a militant intellectual ethos that gave rise to a poetics that was expressly and unabashedly political. But we will also engage the work of black writers who felt that the temper of the new aesthetic was compromisingly vulgar and propagandistic. Our readings of a wide range of Black Arts era poetry and criticism will be supplemented by evaluations of the period by scholars writing in recent decades. Taken together, these texts will illuminate an important period of American literary history, even as they lay bare transhistorical concerns that animate the intersection of aesthetics and politics.
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ENG 581 20th Century American Poetry

ENG 581 20th Century American Poetry

This seminar will examine the efflorescence of African American cultural production of the late 1960s and early 1970s. By reading literature and criticism of the so-called "Black Arts era" seminar participants will begin to understand the powerful and diverse critique of mainstream American politics and aesthetics that black artists produced during the Civil Rights/Black Power period. We will chart the emergence of a militant intellectual ethos that gave rise to a poetics that was expressly and unabashedly political. But we will also engage the work of black writers who felt that the temper of the new aesthetic was compromisingly vulgar and propagandistic. Our readings of a wide range of Black Arts era poetry and criticism will be supplemented by evaluations of the period by scholars writing in recent decades. Taken together, these texts will illuminate an important period of American literary history, even as they lay bare transhistorical concerns that animate the intersection of aesthetics and politics.
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ENG 581 20th Century American Poetry

ENG 581 20th Century American Poetry

From Whitman to the Nuyorican Poets Cafe, poetry has often served as a means of cultural commentary and intervention. This workshop/seminar will approach the writing of poetry from a perspective of cultural complexity. Although our focus will be on discussion of students' work, we will also read some critical and creative texts that explore the cultural coordinates of poetry from a variety of lenses (e.g. race, gender, class, sexuality, disability, transnationalism, globalization, the environment,). Engaging with Damon and Livingston's Poetry and Cultural Studies: A Reader, and with books by individual poets, we will consider some debates in contemporary poetics, exploring questions of form as well as socio-aesthetic contexts and implications. Assignments will include workshop presentations and, at semester's end, a creative dossier with a critical introduction and/or poetics statement.
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ENG 581 20th Century American Poetry

ENG 581 20th Century American Poetry

This seminar will examine the efflorescence of African American cultural production of the late 1960s and early 1970s. By reading literature and criticism of the so-called "Black Arts era" seminar participants will begin to understand the powerful and diverse critique of mainstream American politics and aesthetics that black artists produced during the Civil Rights/Black Power period. We will chart the emergence of a militant intellectual ethos that gave rise to a poetics that was expressly and unabashedly political. But we will also engage the work of black writers who felt that the temper of the new aesthetic was compromisingly vulgar and propagandistic. Our readings of a wide range of Black Arts era poetry and criticism will be supplemented by evaluations of the period by scholars writing in recent decades. Taken together, these texts will illuminate an important period of American literary history, even as they lay bare transhistorical concerns that animate the intersection of aesthetics and politics.
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Land in Al Mahmud’s Poetry: Central to His  Anti-imperialistic Poetics

Land in Al Mahmud’s Poetry: Central to His Anti-imperialistic Poetics

Al Mahmud’s anti-imperial spirit is evident in his poems resisting the occupation of land by the imperialistic powers throughout the globe. He protests against the aggression of imperial powers at present as well as that happened in the past. Though formal colonies are no more today, colonialism still is there in different form --- in the form of imperialism. Colonies are established for securing wealth from the occupied land. Imperialism launches its power over the land of different country without establishing colonies but its purpose is all the same. Both colonialism and imperialism exploit others’ land to enrich themselves. Occupation of land paves the way for imperialism as in the case of British colonialism in Bengal and subsequently in Indian subcontinent. But the launching of imperial power does not go always without resistance on the part of the colonized people. Al Mahmud raises his voice against the evil practice of colonialism and imperialism wherever or whenever he finds them active. He shows this resistance both in national and international perspective. Through his poetics, he protests against the British imperialism in India, particularly in Bengal, and, though colonialism is over, he protests as he sees the imperialistic agents are active in his country to turn her again into a colony. He also protests against imperialistic aggression in different lands of the world like Afghanistan, Palestine etc. In his resistance to imperialism, ‘land’ becomes his main concern. Here in this article, I have explored those poems that present his strong protest against the occupation of land by colonialism as well as imperialism.
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The Poetics of Disclosure Narrating the Six-Day War in the Poetry of Nizar Qabbani

The Poetics of Disclosure Narrating the Six-Day War in the Poetry of Nizar Qabbani

issues of sex and male / female relationship in the Arab world. His repudiation of backward and conservative Arab traditions started at an early age when he witnessed the suicide of his sister who killed herself because she was forced to be separated from her lover and marry a man she did not love. Therefore , his early poetry was a severe criticism of a male-dominated world and a challenge of the repressive policies advocated by a hegemonic patriarchal society which oppressed women. Moreover, . his political poetry, particularly his famous and provocative poems “Love and Petroleum”, “Bread, Hashish and Moon” and “Margins on the Notebook of the Defeat”, led to the censorship of his literary works in most of the Arab countries. Qabbani's reputation and popularity in the Arab world is unprecedented particularly because most of his love and romantic poems that give credit to women are transformed into well – known popular songs performed by famous Arab singers. Qabbani died in 1998 leaving behind him large legacies of books, anthologies , songs , prose works and a history of struggle against all forms of oppression in the Arab world. His unequal poetic works stand as a testimony of a great poet and a modern warrior. Qabbaniis undoubtedly one of the most famous and prominent poets in the entire history of Arabic literature from the Pre- Islamic era until the modern times.
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The Basque Diaspora in Latin America: Euskal Etxeak, Integration, and Tensions  EDAP 1/2016

The Basque Diaspora in Latin America: Euskal Etxeak, Integration, and Tensions EDAP 1/2016

The second wave sets the basis for the future ones with regards to the creation of tensions in the Diaspora. During the second half of the 19th century, Basque Houses or Euskal Etxeak were founded. These were structures that did not exist before, as Basques tended to organise themselves within the Real Sociedad Bascongada de Amigos del País (Royal Basque Society of Friends of the Country) which served as a mostly economic, but also political, lobby towards the American colonies. It also included religious entities, such as the Orden Tercera de San Francisco 53 or the brotherhood of Nuestra Señora de Aránzazu 54
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Liberal Intellectuals and Public Culture in Modern Britain, 1815 1914: Making Words Flesh

Liberal Intellectuals and Public Culture in Modern Britain, 1815 1914: Making Words Flesh

It might be thought that Chesterton was writing from a populist position well beyond the framework of Lubenow’s study. It is certainly of some significance that he did not go to the universities in which liberal values had taken root. However, while far from being to everybody’s taste, he was admired by liberals who were, or had been, associated with these institutions: Arthur Quiller-Couch, A. C. Benson, and A. V. Dicey to name but a few.(3) Moreover, his networks included contemporaries who had been educated at Oxford and Cambridge, those such as E. C. Bentley, Conrad Noel and Charles Masterman. They shared much of his alternative set of liberal values in the early years of the 20th century, centred on Christianity and reform. Masterman, for example, was the literary editor of The Daily News from 1903 until 1907, when he was elected Liberal M.P. for West Ham. He had been educated at Cambridge in the 1890s, taking a first class in the Natural Sciences and Moral Sciences Tripos and becoming President of the Union. However, in
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The empancipation of women and the cultural elite at the turn of the twentieth century : the case of Amy Lowell (1874 1925)

The empancipation of women and the cultural elite at the turn of the twentieth century : the case of Amy Lowell (1874 1925)

Lowell was approaching her fifties as she reflected upon that significant episode of her life—when at twenty-eight, her life changed direction and headed towards poetry. 19 Although Lowell dated her poetic ‘epiphany’ in 1902, reading her diaries alongside That Bookcase, it is possible to retrace other ‘epiphanic’ situations in which poetry, was, however, also entrenched in her desires and future expectations, before that pivotal moment. In her diary on January 13 th , 1889, for example, she expresses her wish to be a poet, a desire she immediately dismisses as a dream just like the others of which she secretly wrote (to be a photographer, midshipman, or messenger boy). In her autobio- graphical account of her first purchases as a book collector and of her early readings (specifically of Jacob Abbot’s Rollo series), That Bookcase, which appeared in 1920 New York Evening Post, Lowell confesses that the moment she saw and read Victor Hugo’s tragic drama Ruy Blas she felt a major inclina- tion towards poetry: ‘Victor Hugo opened the doors of poetry for me, but through the prose.’ 20 At that time (1893), Lowell did not answer the call, nei- ther did she when she saw Duse’s performance in 1893 and in 1896. 21 She had seen Eleonora Duse for the first time the year before Hugo’s play, in April 1893, when the Globe Theatre in Boston first used ‘Edison Incandescent Light’ and Lowell was nineteen years old. This first début tour in North America was not as successful, as her following one in 1896, which Lowell attended as well, and in which the Italian actress performed the same 1893 repertoire in Italian. However, it was Duse’s performance in 1902 that finally pushed Lowell into poetry. The influence of Duse’s first two performances (1893 and 1896) remain inexplicably in the shadows in the accounts of her biographies, and even the most complete biography on Lowell (by Foster Damon) similarly offers no useful insights of that period. However, in other letters, both written in 1924 and addressed to Ellery Sedgwick and Louis Untermeyer, respectively, Lowell
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‘Ye that pasen by þe weiye’: time, topology and the medieval use of Lamentations 1 12

‘Ye that pasen by þe weiye’: time, topology and the medieval use of Lamentations 1 12

I cite the ‘Charter of Christ’ from Bodleian MS Rawlinson Poetry 175, rather than other witnesses, because of its much clearer interest in time, in making the two imperatives, ‘abydes’ and ‘look’, relate to ‘today’ (perhaps with a look askance at the ‘day of God’s fierce anger’ in the Vulgate text, askance because the word here is ‘dies’ not ‘hodie’). Indeed, in the shift from ‘day’ to ‘today’, the Rawlinson MS ‘Charter of Christ’ much more emphatically collapses time into the extended present before the eschaton, a time which reflected God’s a-temporality. Augustine used a similar distinction, between ‘day’ and ‘today’ to imagine eternity; ‘Anni tui dies unus; et dies tuus non quotidie, sed hodie, quia hodiernus tuus non cedit crastino; neque enim succedit hesterno. Hodiernus tuus aeternitas’ [Your ‘years’ are ‘one day’ and your ‘day’ is not any and every day but Today, because your Today does not yield to a tomorrow, nor did it follow on a yesterday. Your today is eternity]. 66 Both the Grimestone lyric and the verse in the Fasciculus Morum also embroider the word ‘abide’,
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The effects of hydration on the collagen and gelatine phases within parchment artefacts

The effects of hydration on the collagen and gelatine phases within parchment artefacts

The study by Bowden, et al. [36] further demonstrated there was a difference between new and historic parchments by measuring the thermal response (the temperature change from exothermic or endothermic reactions induced by hygrometric changes i.e. gain or loss of unbound water) of parchments during RH changes. The study found that the thermal peak area, which represents the temperature change of parchment when exposed to different RH, was related to the mass of the sample. The main finding provides evidence that the hygrometric change (i.e. water exchange) in gelatine and the historical parchment samples (15th-18th century) is much slower than in new parchment samples, thus indicating that the behaviour of parch- ment artefacts at varying RH relates to the proportions of collagen and gelatine they contain. The results of this study show the thermal response method is suitable to demonstrate the response of parchment to RH change; however, it did not provide any specific guidance for setting environmental parameters for parchment.
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Texas Partnership Law in the 20th Century   Why Texas Should Adopt the Uniform Partnership Act

Texas Partnership Law in the 20th Century Why Texas Should Adopt the Uniform Partnership Act

Texas Partnership Law in the 20th Century Why Texas Should Adopt the Uniform Partnership Act SMU Law Review Volume 12 | Issue 3 Article 1 1958 Texas Partnership Law in the 20th Century W hy Texas Shou[.]

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Nature and dynamics of population growth of the indian sundarbans:  an experience in the 20th century

Nature and dynamics of population growth of the indian sundarbans: an experience in the 20th century

To unfold the nature and dynamics of growth rate of the 20 th century block-wise data has been framed for different demographic measures in the time span of 1901 to 2001. It is important to mention here that data up to 1981 are available under heads of fifteen blocks, whereas 1991 census has enumerated nineteen blocks due to division of Canning, Muthurapur, Jaynagar and Sandeshkhali. The mouza level (smallest census unit) data is not systematically available before 1951. Thus there is no scope to articulate block-level population size as per present division. So, fifteen blocks have been taken into consideration to calculate the population density as well as adoption of system-component technique. But for computing population packing and demographic relief, database of 1951 (mouza level) has been rearranged into nineteen blocks instead of fifteen blocks to make a parity with the census enumeration of 1991.
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Volume 6 - Article 2 | Pages 19–48

Volume 6 - Article 2 | Pages 19–48

(proportion never married) was between 8-28% for men and 10-24% for women (the lowest being in Germany, the highest in Ireland for both sexes). Except for Ireland and the Scandinavian countries, the proportion of those never marrying decreased among men and stagnated or slightly increased among women in the first half of the century. From the 50s, however, the proportion of female celibacy (proportion never married) significantly decreased in every country. With the exception of Denmark and Italy, men display a decrease, too, although it was not so rapid as for the other sex. For women, the intensity of the process is shown by the decline in the proportion of those not married in the 45-54 age group, from 20.7% to 9% in Norway between 1950 and 1970, from 19.1% to 8% in Sweden, and from 15.1 to 8% in England and Wales. The decrease was not on such a large scale elsewhere, but neither were the starting levels so high: the decline was from 12-14% to 7-10% in France, West Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark. From the 1970s proportion of never married women further decreased, because it was then that those in their twenties during the intensive period of marriages in the 1950s entered the age group of 45-54 year olds. This tendency did not effect men, as their group was rather characterised by stagnation by this time. As a result, from the 1970s female celibacy (proportion never married) dropped below the male level for the first time in the century, the Western European male average being 10.7% and the female 7.1% in 1990.
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The history of 20th century malaria control in Peru

The history of 20th century malaria control in Peru

As the 20 th century began, mosquito populations were controlled by mosquito nets, home fumigation, metal roofs, and draining or spraying water reservoirs with Paris Green or oil. The first national malaria control law came in 1916 after a coastal epidemic. Landowners were re- quired to distribute quinine, destroy Anopheles larvae, and separate living quarters a minimum distance from rice paddies and sugar-cane fields. Quinine and metal roofing were no longer taxed. Some complied, maintained a med- ical service, provided quinine, and cleaned canals and ditches. They were unlikely to drain wetlands considered ir- rigation reservoirs or reconstruct housing. In the Amazon, a philanthropic landowner society managed a hospital from 1908 to 1918, with state support thereafter [2].
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Central Australia 20th Century Temperature Trends

Central Australia 20th Century Temperature Trends

temperatures measured over the same reference time window and average these anomalies. As there is no common time window for all the stations, this “anomaly” approach is difficult to apply. We may still define a “reference” temperature as the average of all the measured temperatures for a given location. Figure 6 presents the annual mean temperature anomaly time series for Alice Springs and all the neighbouring stations within the circle. The lack of warming is very clear. The warming rate in Alice Spring is +0.176 °C/century 1880 to 2011 and +0.719 °C/century 1910 to 2011. The naïve average warming is slightly smaller, +0.140 °C/century 1880 to 2011 and +0.451 °C/century 1910 to 2011.
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Characterisation of 19th and 20th century Chinese paper

Characterisation of 19th and 20th century Chinese paper

The mean DP values for handmade and machine-made papers are 1860 and 1240 respectively (Fig. 9). These val- ues resemble the DP of pre-1850 European rag paper, which ranges between 810 and 3800 [37, 40]. Few tra- ditional papermaking techniques reported in East Asia utilised oxidising, highly alkaline or highly acidic chemi- cals, with the exception of the use of caustic soda [32, 33], which could result in pH values above 9, which was not observed in our study (Fig. 7). Due to the lack of solubil- ity, less DP data is available for machine-made papers, although this compares favourably with that of 20th century European machine-made papers, which ranges between 200 and 1500 [37, 41].
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The Philosophy of the Face and 20th Century Literature and Art

The Philosophy of the Face and 20th Century Literature and Art

In the end, the convergence of ethics and physiognomy may explain the face's importance to the modern imagination: perhaps, as Wittgenstein's writings suggest, faces grip us so because t[r]

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Patterns of marital commitment in the late 20th century

Patterns of marital commitment in the late 20th century

Recent changes in the patterning of domestic life have resulted in the character of marital solidarities being questioned in popular discourse as well as in academic debate. As a result there has been a growth in theoretical analyses of contemporary >coupledom=, particularly concerning the extent to which the nature of personal and sexual commitment has altered (Beck and Beck-Gernsheim, 1995; Cancian, 1987; Duncombe and Marsden, 1993; 1995; Giddens, 1992; Hawkes, 1996; Jackson, 1993; 1995; Jamieson, 1998; 1999). Moreover it is becoming clear that marriage, sex and childbearing, which appeared a highly consolidated >package= for much of the twentieth century (Kiernan, Land and Lewis, 1997), are no longer so tightly bound together. By the turn of the twenty-first century, neither sexual expression nor child-bearing were as strongly linked to marriage as they were; and marriage itself was no longer so uncritically perceived as a monogamous, life-long relationship. Marital affairs are now discussed much more openly and with greater ambiguity about their moral status. Importantly too, cultural shifts in understandings of
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The Economic Impact of Climate Change in the 20th Century

The Economic Impact of Climate Change in the 20th Century

Timor Leste is hurt most by climate change on average across the 20 th century. This is largely due to the impacts of climate change on health, particularly diarrhoea and malaria. Bangladesh is the most vulnerable country outside of Africa. It sees relatively large negative impacts on its health, coastal zone, and water resources – which are larger than the positive impacts on agriculture and energy use. Russia also stands out. Although there are large damages due to a climate-change-induced increase in water scarcity, this is more than offset by benefits for energy use, agriculture and human health.
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